Skip to main content

Full text of "Penman's Art Journal"

See other formats

\\'J-'J-> /'/. 








208 -^09 





The commercial test-books now offered by the undersigned and ready for nse 
are : 

I. TlIK PACKARD METHOD OPTEACIllNfi BOOKKEEPING, a broad-paged book of 140 
]>agPH. covering all the polDts of the previous " Manual of Bookkebping and Corrbsposdence," wUh 
iimeh additional matter In the way of advanced practical sets, with the model forms In approved 
Hcrlpt.Tund the customs of.bnslness brought down to the lat«sl requireiiienta. This book Is. In llseif 
a complete treatise :on bookkeeploK. and Is supplemented by 

•J. PRO<JltKSSIVE PRAC'TKJE TESTS that leave nothing to be desired In the way of Hchool 
practlci-. These tests comprise, each, the material for a complete set of books, with all the docu- 
ments and fornirt for conducting the business. Including money, notes, drafts, bills, letters, etc. 
What the student will be required to do as an accountant In a business house, he Is required to do 
here, and with as little mere manipulation and cumbersomeness as possible. In fact, the plan Is 
Ideal, and Is so pronounced by all Intelligent teachers who have examined It. 

a. THE NEW PACKARD ARITHDIETIC. which Is already a standard book In commercial 
schools, iind covers all the requisites of a texl-book of the Hrst order. 

adopted In most of the Shorthand Schools teaching this system. 

Any teacher who desires to examine any of these books with a view to their 
nee^will do well to conimmiicate with 

S.IS. PACKARD, Publisher, - 101 East 23d St., New York. 


Illustrated Writing Primer for Beginners: 

Short Course, - - Four Numbers. 
Regular Course, - = Eight Numbers, 

Smith's Intermedial Writing Charts. 


II of penmanship i 

3(iuced the Intermedial Cop; 

d iivlth teacher 

u a decided Improvement In the penmanship 

niBS JOSEPHINE E. ROOERS, Prest. Aisoclatlon Primary Principals, New York City 

■■ I can speak of Smith's Intermedial Copy Books only In the highest terms, and could I show 
obtained in my school (n>ore than 1000 children) aft*r using them less than three months, a 
wholly unprepared for a change of system, every one would Join with me In praise of them 

Specimen Pages of Copy Books Free. Correspondence Solicited. 

H. P. Smith Publishing Co., - II East 16th St., New York City, 




^ Verticular and Vertigraph. -^^ 

These Pen? haM- bo^n os|>eciully desigrned lor Vertical Writing, after a formula arri^■ed f 
caretiil study of required conditions. 

JOSEPH GILLOTT & SONS, 91 John St., New York. 


e ol language." Ihe 
lily, accurately and flu 
lie it equally well. 

lould be 
If he c; 

some method of developing the ''ar 
aught lu speak the English language 
1 speak fluently and accurately he wil 


Introduce the book we have prepared for you, and 
start a class in the subject. You can do it easil}- 
and will be surprised at the result. 

The Book Is 

A Text Book, 

A Book of Reference. 

Suggestions will be given for conducting classes 
if desired. 

Price of Book 50 cents. 

Free List." 


What about that law class you start at this 
season ? Be sure 3'ou put our law book in their 
hands. It is the most popular book of its kind on 
the market to-day. GET THE BEST. 





A New Business Practice. — Have You Seen It? 

Gootlyear's Business Practice in Wholesaling and Commission, may be takei. 
after any system of theoretical Bookkeeping, or as an advanced conrse after any 
other system of Business Practice. It introduces a large number of Inter-Commnin- 
ication Transactions. 

Every transaction is natural and spontaneous, and in touch with modern 
business usages. The work is intensely interesting to student and teacher. It is 
full of surprises to the student. He watches the mails and the markets with 
much interest as the real biisiness man. 

The new Practice is adjustable to every condition in a commercial school. It 
can be taken by one student or any number of students in business. Intercomranni- 
cation with other schools may be introduced or omitted. The teacher can organize 
and control the business class with little trouble. 

For samples of the New Practice and Catalogue of our entire series 
Commercial Publications, address 

THE QOODYEAR PUBLISHINO CO., 334 Dearborn Street, Chicago. 


No. 4. eitrii Pine Point. 

They are made of specially prepared STEEL, by an entirely NEW and 
ORIGINAL PROCESS, by the aiil of the latest AMERICAN Machinery. 

We can confidently assert that there is no make, FOREIGN OR DOMESTIC, 
equaling the same in point of excellence. 

The Eagle Vertical Pens have been prooounced by the best authorities 
of the Venical System to be superior to all others, and are particularly 
recommended for use In Vertical Vi'ritlng. 


Of the numerous styles of other Steel Pens which we manufacture, we 
recommend the No. E 170 for Primary Grades, and the Nos. E 130, E 410. E 4lii'. 
E 470, E 480 for advanced or higher grades. 


OeSce and Salesroom : 

377-379 Broadway. 

Works : 
703 to 735 Bast 13th St. 





// you wish to learn to write practi= 
cally, draw artistically, or teach scientif= 
ically, attend the 


the leading school of penmanship and draw= 
ing in the world. Circular for the asking. 
Sample copy of The PENMAN AND ARTIST, 
free. Finest stationery for penmen. 

Honest Reader ! It matters little at what Anele von wrifp h„ it v ^- , 
Sem, Vertical^ Slant Of an, cle«ree,less than «,.p,"fMed'^^^^^^^^ 


Be an American!! 

and stick to the American Style. It can be written at any angle look, bet+P,- 
Ellsworth's ••Lessons and Lectures" for proof, $2.00). Send 2.5 cents to nif^ 

Cnmr "^^^ ^°'^' "'^^^ °' '""'''' ^-^"""^^ orLareed!;::;:::! t :ri 
Newly Patented Reversible Form 

that overco,„es t/,e oft;ee<io«s to the regulation copy book ! 

cniais, Price Lists, Calendar or Description and Opinions of onr Un to DatP 
improvements that have set the pace for all onr competitors for years. ^^ '° ^^'^ 

The FJlsworth Company, 

PUBLISHERS, - 127 Duane Street, New York. 


What a Blessing I 

Why worry over a poor, tliin, scratchy steel 
pea, when by (wkitiB you may have a good one I 
iry the best of all steel pens, A. S. Barnes &Co.'8 


For over twenty years the world-acknowledged standard autHority on everything 
pertaining to Penmanship-THE Peniiun's Abt Jouriul. 

All useful varieties. Send for samples. 
«-S.BABNES « CO.. Makers, 166 Fifth Ave., N.Y. 

Esterbrook's New Pens 

-FOR — 

Ve rtical Wr iting. 

a not, yon should lose no time in writing 
for samples, and then ordering supplies 
inrongh the stationer. 

No. 556, Vertical Writer, fine. 

No. 570, Vertical Writer, medium. 
Von will be sure to like them, as they 
*re exactly adapted for their purpose. 

The Esterbrooklteel Pen Co., 

J[^!:!^S^CAMDEN. N. J. 

.WRITERS $10 to $50. 

F"r the New, best 

°n<o«. school or home. Made 

x^ltol, Osgood & Co., 237 B»ay, N. Y. 



,;,<^^/^^^-iV^^,^:=y^/^. //./ryZ 

t:^'-tJ(!^«^?'vfi^^'^-d-<^^, „ 

A Grand Service to the Cause of Good Writing. 


85,0(1 pays for a fi months' cotirse in iilain or 
at $1.00 per montli in advance). 
A Ceitificate of Merit awarded 
tlicone improving most. Diplo- 
ni.i given worthy pnpils complet- 
ing the conrse, Send 15c. for one 
of my dashv written letters (ar- 
tistic style), set of caps and fnll 



ornamental writing (payable 

Ceutral College, Kai 

yew York to Charleston, S. C, Direct. 

New York to Jacksonville, Fla., Without Cliange. 




LOW RATES to Charleston, Savannah, Jacksonville and all points South. 
Tri-Weekly Sailings 
At 3 P. W., from Pier 29, E. R , 
New Yorlt. 

Tickets Include Meals and St^ttr- 

rooDi Berth, tbas making 

the cost about 





and "SEniNOLE" 
are the smoothest sailing passen- 
ger ships to the South 




6 Bowling Green, ^ 

P. CLYDE & CO., General Agents, 
ew York. 12 So. Delaware Ave 

Every Point 
a Good Point 

in the NEW MODEXS of the 




Good in Every Part — Good for Every 

Purpose. Does Good Work, and 

does it a Good Long While. 

Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict, 

327 Broadway 
New York. 





Exhibited, Explained and Elucidated by the Receiving, Issuing and Passing of aU the 

Business Papers of Commerce, as contained in 


()!■■ THK KAMdt'S 

Buiget sysien o[ eoomepeis aim oince mm. 

Thp«VrliH.iili- lliioli. 



The Cnshler, 

rnl ( iisU Diiiik. 
The «;,.|l('rnl LfiluiT. 
Till' liKliviiliinl I,i<l;rir. 
Till- DiKcoiiiU lii-Blsler, 
The l>i»coiiiiI TIcUIlT, 
Til,. <'<>ll(M-tHiii ICoeiHler, 
The folliirioii Tickler, 
The l»rnlt Recister, 
The iteiiiiuimce Register. 
Tlie <'erlifie<l Cheek Book, 
The Teller's Itook. 
The l>nil.v Sfnteiiieiit Book. 
The l>e|tn«itor'H Push Book. 

The A»Hi» 


The niseniinl Clerk. 

The Colleclioii J'lerk. 

The torrespomlence flerk. 

The Inaivlihinl Bookkeeper. 

The <;eueriil Bookkeeper. 

The Clenriiiit House Clerk. 
Being the only complete, compact and sensibl' 
work that gives the learner a delinile. clear-cu 
and oractical training in Banit Bookkeeping an 
the duties ol Bank Ollicers and Clerks yet poO 

The Cleiirine House System Explained n...l Prnetienllj Illustrnted, wherein tt..- - 
,lent iiertorms all the .lutles at the .■learlnB house an.l .ettUng clerks or the hank. 

This is something to be worked out, not rea,l. All entriesnre ma,le trorn '"-e ^-'"«'» ™" 
that nass in the routine business of the bank an.l not from printed memoranda. Every ''■""■"^ 
National Banking, from the organLatlnn to deel.rlng an.l paying of dividends, folly explained, w h 
fill the work to be nerfornieil liv the learner. i,trar,.i 

B^kkeepers n,„I Tenehersvvho want to learn all about bank bookkeeping, he differs 
con'mer" pa^er,^:, the chstomsof ban^ 

A complete o„tlltoon8lstlnB..fbi,.lBPl. blank Looks, papers, instructions, etc., seni, e. i 
paid, on receipt of two ,lollar«. 

W. H. SADLER, Publisher, 


uf ^yy^g^ri^^i^jATz^^^ 

D, T. Ames, Fou 



4> riiwily Imve bveii WW il all « lui cxi>ro»)8«a favorable opinions linil rcsiioiultMl in time to our ic^qiicst for phoron. g 

Comment by the Way. 


The Journal begins its twenty- 
second year with this issue. It be- 
gan the business of championing the 
cause of good writing, unaided by 
any other periodical, before probably 
eighty per cent, of its present sub- 
scribers were born. Indeed, thou- 
sands of present day teachers and not a few commercial 
school proprietors had not arrived at the a-h-Q stage 
when TiiK Journal began business. 

For an even twenty-one years tbe guiding genius of 
TuE Journal has been a man who has given his talents 
and thought and industry almost exclusively to things 
pertaining to writing— Daniel T. Ames, a name known 
with honor throughout our great country, and beyond 
its confines. We believe it may be safely said that no 
other man of our times, and no man of any times or any 
country, with the possible exception of Father Spencer, 
is so intimately associated with "penmanship" in the 
public mind as Daniel T. Ames. And his strongest 
friends and admirers are those who have known him 
best— those who have worked with him and under him 
for years. 

Our honored chief with the turn of the year takes up 
his residence in the enchanting Spring-land of Califor- 
nia. Following his natural love of outrdoor nature, he 
has purchased a tine fruit ranch of sixty acres at Moun- 
tain View, Santa Clara County (near San Jose), where 
00 acres in olives, prunes, grapep, oranges.tlemons, figs, 
cherrie?, pears, plums, apricots, walnuts, almonds, etc., 
will receive his delighted attentions. A perennial trout 
brook at his doors will gratify a certain penchant which 
he has in common with all men who have poetry in their 

While he will enjoy these goodly things to their full- 
est, Mr. Ames will by no means retire from active work. 
For some years his activities have been confined almost 
entirely to professional duties connected with the ex- 
pert examination of handwriting. This he will continue 
without abatement. He has opened an office at 21 Post 
Street, San Francisco, a short train-ride from his ranch, 
and remains the senior member of the handwiiting 
expert firm of Ames & Kinsley, New York, which city 
it is his intention to visit at intervals. Although his 
new residence makes it impractical to personally direct 
The Journal, he will be a life contributor to the paper 
and promote its usefulness by every means in his power. 
The Journal will be edited by William J. Kinsley, as- 
sisted by the staflf which has been attached to the paper 
for several years past. 

circulation of The Penm 

an's Art Jou 

past twelve months has b 

en 343,650 copi 

average of 30,304 copies. 

This shows 

year of over 5,000 copies m 

onthly, about 3 

gain in two years of ove 

50 per cent. : 

/idely c 

ulatcd pa 

Did you ever 8top to tbink how much you get in a 
year's subscription for The Journal, and how little you 
pay for it ? We will suppose you are a student. You 
are interested in writing. Talie the copies that appear 
in this issue, multiply them by twelve — where else in 
the world can you get as much fresh, up-to-date mate- 
rial at ten times the cost 1 

X ou are interested iu engrossing. The volume now 
opening will have a series of practical papers on this 

subject that it embodied in book form would cost sev- 
eral dollars. 

You are interested in the making of signs, mottoes, 
inscriptions, price cards, etc. The Journal for "JS will 
carry you over the entire ground, and enable you to 
materially increase your earnings if you have any ambi- 
tion and pen knack. 

You are interested in sketching from nature. How 
admirably this theme is being exploited by another of 
America's leading pen artists— C. P. Zaner. And then 
the scores of other helpful articles from successful pen- 
men and teachers that go to make up a year's numbers 
of the regular edition of The Penman's Art Journal— 
all for .iO cents, to the club subscriber all for 35 cents— 
3 cents a month. Isn't it remarkable ? Too cheap ? Of 
course it is. Much too cheap— cheaper than it ever will 
be probably after this year, but while you have the 
chance you would better make the most of it. 

Now if you are a teacher in the public schools the 
chances are that you will still be interested in all, or 
most, ot the features just mentioned. If you teach 
slant writing the " 300 Copies " are just as good for you 
as for a business college teacher. Even if you teach 
vertical writing many of the eKercises will prove appli- 
cable to your work. Mr. W. L. Starkey, ot Erasmus 
Hall High School, Brooklyn, one ot the best writing 
teachers that we know, judging by the infallible tests ot 
results, has been teaching slant writing all his lite up 
to his acceptance of his present place last September. 
Now he is teaching vertical writing like hundreds of 
others, not so much as a matter of preference, because 
that factor really cuts little figure in schools whose pol- 
icy is shaped by a board of directors or possibly even by 
a general legal enactment. He writes The J'OURNal 
that after a careful examination ot the exercises he sees 
no reason whatever why they would not be applicable 
to his work as a teacher ot vertical writing and he iiirans 
to use them. We confess that this is one phase ot the 
new feature that had not occurred to us, but we are 
none the less pleased at the point Mr. Starkey makes 
and await developments with the keenest interest. 

In addition, the Public School department (which, 
together with all instruction and copies relating directly 
to vertical writing, is now confined to the News Edition) 
offers the Public School teacher, grade teacher as well 
as specialist, more pertaining to writing in the Public 
Schools than can be had from the combined similar out- 
put of any twelve other periodicals in existence. The 
News Edition costs $1 a year. In clubs, .10 cents a year. 
To any progressive teacher Miss Keller's instructions 
alone should be worth all of SI every number— twelve 
numbers to the year— not ten, as is the habit ot our 
esteemed (slow) general educational contemporaries. 

Then there are the school proprietor, the manager, 
the really progressive teacher, the student who means 
to be a teacher or proprietor. All these folks are inter- 
ested in the personnel of their profession. They want 
to know where their brother teachers are located, what 
they're doing, how the schools of various sections are 
getting along, who the proprietors are, what communi- 
ties are demanding new schools, what old ones are going 
into new hands or occasionally going out of existence — 
in a word, the news. It is rather a slow poke who 
doesn't keep abreast with matters in his own line ot 
business. The progressive ones, almost to a man (or 
woman), take the News Edition of The Journal. It is 
not too much to say that nine-tenths of them are en- 
rolled on our Permanent or Professional list, paying $1 a 
year, although they are good enough to give their stu- 
dents the benefit ot the lowest clubbing rate that we 
make. We have been asked some time to explain this. 
It is a phenomenon that we don't pretend to define, 
unless it should be that these people think that $1 a 

year is not too much to pay for the one paper that keeps 
them fully posted as to what is going on within their 
profession. And as a matter ot fact it is only a fair 

The year 1898 opens with better auspices for The 
Journal than any of the previous twenty-one years of 
its history. It has a third more subscribers than it had 
this time last year and twice as many as it had five 
years ago. We have set the mark for a much higher 
figure, and if our friends prove as good as their word 
(we have never known them to fall short ot it), we shall 
have occasion in the not distant future to peg up our 
slogan of " On to Fifty Thousand." 

The Teacher as a Quide. 

When you are selecting text books for your classes, 
why don't you get a number of books and submit them 
to the students tor their choice ? When you are buying 
furniture and fixtures, why don't you let them do the 
choosing ? When you are making lists of materials and 
supplies that they need, why do you not leave the 
selection to them ? 

You don't do these things because you are the teacher, 
and the teacher .is supposed to know what is good tor 
the students a great deal better than they know them- 
selves. It is his business to kn»w. Exactly the same 
principle applies to anything the teacher or school pro- 
prietor either furnishes or recommends to the students. 
That is, assuming it is something in line with school 
work— something that is meant To Be of Use, not 
merely to amuse or divert. If you should offer your 
boys the choice between an hour at a football match 
and an hour on the reverse oval exercise, leaving them 
entirely unhampered, which do you think they would 
choose ? Our idea is that the teacher should be a leader 
and a guide, and, it he is going to give the student a 
chance to buy anything, he should not hesitate to give 
his views plainly as to the utility ot what is to be 
bought. In point ot fact, we believe that ninety-nine 
out of a hundred teachers do just this thing. 

Fake Schools Again. 

Speaking of fake schools, a friend of The Journal 
writes to know it they are as common as they used to 
be. That is a pretty hard question, but to the best ot 
our knowledge and belief they are less common than 
formerly and are becoming scarcer every day. The 
reputable schools are doing work ot such a character as 
to drive the " skin game " schools out of the business. 
Of course, there are some very shady affairs left, but 
they are gradually being weeded out. 

■ The truth is that the business college men have them- 
selves to blame mainly for the existence ot these schools 
at all It they would take hold of the matter, in the 
right way it would be impossible for these impostors to 
exist For example. The Journal has tried on several 
occasions to bring .some of these fakirs to book. It has 
experienced the greatest difficulty in getting properly 
authenticated evidence. Even in very flagrant cases 
proprietors ot schools who are personaUy interested and 
who have called The Journal's attention to them, re- 
questing that they be "exposed," have in mue cases 
out of ten asked The Journal to withhold their names. 
That is to say, without having legal evidence that would 
protect it, they want The Journal todenouuce a man 
as a villain, and are even unwilling to lend the authority 
ot their name to the denunciation I We undertook 
quite recently to investigate certain cases that seemed 
to us very Hagrant. We have on file with relation to 
these cases a large number ot newspaper clippings and 
many letters, but an effort to strengthen these with 
(Continued on paije 8.) 


Three Hundred Graded Pen Copies In Rapid Business Writing. 


■ t tlicy ai-e meant TO BE OF USE. They i 
iu0. The Copies iiiny be cut I'rom the )>n|M 

»f OI'R tnlkii 

Doc. JOrBNAL. 

Do you give your students paper to write outside of 
class '! I shall explain briefly my method of giving 
pageH, for 1 have found that by giving pages my stu- 
dents improve faster and that it is the means of keeping 
up a greater interest in the work. For illustration 1 
will take Lesson 8. After calliug the claes to order I 
usually give my students work on some familiar move- 
ment exercise for a few minutes; and while they are 
*' oiling up" on this exercise I call the roll. Then 1 
request all to get a clean page and 1 start them on Copy 
45. I place thejcopy on the blackboard and give instruc- 
tion as to movement, form, speed, count, etc. 

1 then inform them that I shall want each member of 
the class to write two pages of this copy and to have the 
pages ready to hand in by the next lesson, with the 

privilege of writing one page (if each can) during the 
time allotted to this exercise in class. 
1 then take up Copy 40 and assign the number of 

f)ages I want them to hand in of this copy for the next 
esson, giving them the same privilege as before of 
writing one page in class if they have the time. 1 take 
up the remaining copies in order, proceeding the same 
as in Copies 45 and 4ti. 

The next lesson, as I call the roll, I have them report 
according to the number of pages ready to hand in. For 
illustration, those having the full number report " 10 ; " 
four-fifths of the number, " S ; " one-half of the number, 
" 5 ; " and lees than one-half of the number, " present." 
By this method I can keep an accurate record of the 
work done by each one during the term. This class 
grade is averaged with their examination grade at the 
end of the term. 

Each day I look over and select from 15 to 20 of the 
best pages from each class and paste them together and 
hang them up in the rocm for inspection. By this 
method 1 not only get good and neat work from them in 
class, but outride as well, for they know I will examine 
their pages. 1 find that the students are anxious and 
work hard to get one of their pages up. It pays to give 
pages, Try it. 

1 shall take pleasure in answering such questions as 
you may care to ask regarding these lessons. Make 
your (luestions thort and to the point. 

I should like very much to have the teachers who in 
their classes are following the copies in these lessons to 
select and send me pages of their students' work, and 
in return, if possible, 1 will send work from pupils of my 
general penmanship classes. 

L, M. Kelchner, Dixon, 111. 

Lesson No. 5. 

Lesson No. 6. 

O 000000000000 

O .o ey c 

Lesson No. 7. 

Lesson No 8. 



Hints and Suggestions by Mr. Kelchner. 

7,'-.s.vo>i y.—fui>U>^ 'Hi to ,fi. 

Movement, and small c, c and ,r- exercites and words. 

Copy No. 20. Write one page of this prelimioary ex 
ercise before you take up the next copy. Make three 
exercises on a line and gradually diminish the size of 
ihe ovals like the copy. This exercise will help you to 
t^ecure a- good movement in making the small c's. 

C3opy No. '27. Make the hand Klide to right. Write 
"etween lines as well as on the lines. Keep the eame 
number of letters in a group and same number of groups 
on a hne. as copy. This will apply to all of the copies in 
these lesBons. Follow the cojiy. 

Copy No. 28 Write only four words on a line. Wide 
and uniform spacing between letters, but avoid making 
letters too wide— a common fault at flrst, 

Copy No. 2!>. Make a very narrow turn at the top 
and don't raise the pen in making this letter. Use a 
free movement, and make your whole hand glide to the 
right. Vou should always write your name and date at 
the head of each page. 

Copy No. 30. Wide spacing between letters. Follow 
the copy and the instruction in every particular. 

Copy No 31. Make the exercise "first; then cross the 
down stroke at half its height. I make this straight 
IiQe with an upward motion. 

Copy No. '62. One page just like copy. Good move- 
ment. Try to get force and strength into your lines, 
Uon't use too hne a pen. Vou have, no doubt, noticed 
yy the lines in my copies that I use a coarse pen. 

/.'-von f'i.-r<,i,if„ :i:i. :t4, :tr,. :n!. :t7 nmi :iH. 

Movement, and small o and a exercists and words. 
t»ood free movement. Make the gliding fingers glide and 
go through the same motion as the pen. Always write 
at least one page of each copy before you take up tbe 

Copy No. 33. Direct oval. Use the full space be- 
tween the lines in starting. Gradually diminish the 
ovals until you get them as small as the small o. Re- 
trace eaca oval five or six times. Use a good, free, 
rotary movement. 

Copy No. 34. Wide spacing between letters. See to 
It tuat you get this letter closed at the top and make it 
iiice and round. 

-_,^Py ^0- 3i> Make wide epacing, so that four words 
wui nil one hne. Don't raise the pen in writing the 
words m this lesson. 

'-opy No. 36. See to it that you get .the last down 

s'.roke straight in this letter. Wide spacing. Try to 
get the letter made entirely with the arm movement, 

Copy No. 37 Wide spacing between letters, and make 
the whole hand glide to the right. Write Cast enough 
so that you will make smooth and nice lines. 

Copy No. 38. Write three words on a line. The 
secret of getting a style that is easy to read is to get 
the letters separated. Write page after page of each 
copy in these lessons. You cannot become skillful in 
any other way than by earnest effort. 

LvHSon yil.— CoinvH 3U, 40, 41, 4'i, 4:t tfiitf 44. 

Movement, and small f and u- exercises and words. 

Always one page of each before you take up the next. 
Gliding motion. In the v and n- exercises write between 
lines as well as on the lines. See to it that you make a 
dot a1 the top of the last stroke in the v and iv. This 
will help to bring out the letter better. Avoid slanting 
the last up-stroke too much in these letters. 1 1'equest 
my students to mak€f these up-strokea on the main slant, 
if possible. Make as wide spacing between letters as 
copy and keep the same number on a line. Good strong 
and free gliding movement. Do your best and nothing 
but your best. Careless, reckless or indifferent practice 
will not serve for improvement. 

LissoH VSII.— <oi>iis 4.1. 4C,, 47 . 4S, 4!» aiiit ru). 

Movement, and small r and s exercises and words. 

Don't neglect the initial movement exercises. These 
will aid you in getting a good free and elastic movement 
before you take up the letters. Write between the 
lines in the 7- and s exercises, Try both styles of the r. 

Copy No, 40. See to it that you retrace the down 
stroke and form a tip at the top. Don't raise the pen in 
making r or .s. 

In writing the words keep ;the same number on a line. 
See to it that you make wide spacing between letters 
and that you write the words without raising the pen. 
Uniform slant and spacing, t advise my students to 
use the slant in ; their writing that seems to be the 
easiest for them, taking care that they do not get it eo 
near vertical as to interfere with speed, or slant it so 
much as to interfere with legibility. 

Criticise your work. Find out just where you fail in 
each letter and bear this in mind every time you make 
the letter until ;you have the fault corrected. This is 
the secret of rapid improvement. 

Go back and review often. Keep your pages and note 

ifM-fMid liHMoiiH of All-. Krlrhner'H tourer. iiltriM-tl 
• , .lOl KN.irf For ititi'lit'iiIni-N H*>t' imsc 'i'l\ . 

^ SI h< 'hili.v.1nu.>.i9. 

f piiyr I.I s.-S Will be Kivpii by THE .lOrUNAI. 
•sr (MHiplrii .«<tof oxprciN<>t«ciiibtHlH>(liu leMsotiH 
i>iiiiH-<l hi ihiN iHMiie. The sniiu* conilitioiiH 
lis <-oiircst iis lire cxpreHtti'il ou puKt* 'i'il oi' I)<m-. 
, I. 1m(«i*- i-il'i>ri-ed to. The only new rondilMnm 
tlir siiiilt 111 miiHt be n JOHKNAI.. Niibmi iber. 
xtnisrs miiNr be rereived at THE .lOI'UNAI. 
.ibertiie Feb. -JS. 

Suit for Infringement on Typewriter. 

The Smith Premier Typewriter Co. has instituted an 
action for damages for an infringement of patent against 
the Duplex Typewriter Co., Des Moines, la., manufac- 
turers of the Duplex and Jewett Typewriters. The 
claim is made that some of the best features of these two 
typewriters are covered by the patents controlled by the 
Smith Premier people. 

To Brother Howe of Chicago— Our Apologies 

and Compliments. 

In the Oct. number of The Journal wns published a 
plate showiuL' several styles of very elegant writing, such 
as may be used to advantage in an insurance office. This 
work "was credited to a pupil of Charlton V. Howe. In 
point ot fact the work was done by Mr. Howe himselt. 
and we apologize both tor the mistake and for our be- 
lated acknowledgment of the same. Mr. Howe's pupil. 
Hector Richard, who is a clerk in tbe Chicago office ot the 
Northwestern Life Ins. Co , did send us a specimen, 
which will be found on page 13. 

voikiuB for 


A New " Muscular " Movement Mechanical 


The latest aspirant for honors as the discoverer ot an 
aid to securing " muscular " movement fs H. C. Stod- 
dard, of St. Johnsbury, Vt. It is a very simple device 
consisting of a single piece of metal so shaped that the 
hand when closing over it assumes the proper position 
for " muscular '• movement writing- the pen falling into 
a sort of socket that keeps it in its proper place. The 
price of the device is 20 cents. 


Comment by the Way. 

irontiniiffl frnm paf/*- 0.) 

legal evidence luftidavits from responsible people) bas 
not proven wholly successful up to tbe present time. 
However, we have some promif-iog material, and some- 
body is liable to hear something drop. 

Take this instance: Within the past month The Jour- 
nal has received letters from three entirely reputable 
school proprietors in different cities of tbe same sectiou 
who complain of foke school oppof-ition from "an es-jail- 
bJrd, " who has a habit of changing his name and is repre- 
sented as being a moral outcast and altogether disrepu- 
table. One of these letters contained a slip in the form 
of a newspaper proof, or rather reproduction from some 
newspaper, a column m length, iu which the individual 
in question is savagely handled. Now if the representa- 
tions that have been made to Tfie Journal with regard 
to this man are true, why in the world don't those repu- 
table school proprietors get together and issue a circular 
over their own responsible signatures and scatter the 
same broadcast '' There is no law that could prevent 
their doing this provided the facts are true and that 
the action is taken in tbe interests of tbe public. These 
fake Bcbools, as a rule, do not appeal to a wide constitu- 
ency. The particular community in which they are 
located is almost the only one interested. If a man is 
really a fraud the fact can be tstablished to the satis- 
faction of that community by the method pointed out, 
iind we suggest to our kind friends who want to see 
Thk Journal "expose" this or that individual, that 
they Ht-nd us at the start some tangible evidence of tbe 
fact that they are domg what they can in the exposing 
line, and are not afraid to do it openly and above board. 

A rather singular thing in this connection happened 
within our experience several years ago during a simi- 
lar cfinipaign The Journal was waging against fake 
schools. There were two schools in the same city. Tbe 
proprietor of one sent The Journal a scathing arraign- 
ment of the other school with the usual reque&t that "of 
course," "for obvious reasons," he would not like to 
have his name used, and ultimately withdrew his 
" pHtrouHge " becaupe The Journal declined to publish 
the statement. In the same month the proprietor of 
the other school, who could have had no knowledge of 
his neighbor's action, sent an equally eev-ere indictment 
of his competitor with the request that we publish it 
over a novi de j^lume, as it would " seem indelicate " to 
use his name in the circumstances ! We explained that 
personalities were wholly out of our line; that we never 
took part m school disputes and guarded against any 
arraignment or criticism of any school without the most 
complete legal evidence that it was injurious to the 
comnmnity, and that we must ask him to procure this 
evidence as a condition precedent to the publication. 
He answered iu a grieved sort of .way that he had sup- 
posed Thk Journal would be glad to show up the ras- 
cals, and as he was mistaken he could not conscien- 
tiously "support" It further. That indeed was a 
rather sore temptation to show up one particular rascal 
—as subse^iueut events proved. But we didn't do it, as 
indeed wo have declined to " show up " many at the 
solicitation of various people. The only possible justiti- 
cation for putting a man in the public pillory is that the 
public interests demand :it. Even the truth is often 
libelous— always so if associated with malice. The 
Journal believes in fair play, giving every man a 
chance, and it will attack no man's reputation unle.-s it 
be fortified with absolutely conclusive legal proof 

Nevertheless, The Journal intends to keep up this 
tight against fake schools and fake school methods. All 
the schools of this class are solidly against it, as might 

be expected, and it is just as solidly against them. It is 
ready now, as it always bas been, to give the full weight 
of its influ')nce toward purifying the profession by cast- 
ing out a lot of harpies who prey upon ihe fair name 
and fame of business education, and leave their loath- 
some prints in every community upou which they settle 
for a brief space. 

While on the subject the fakir.=». The Journal bas re- 
ceived some complaints recently relating to two or three 
alleged teachers' employment bureaus. Swindling by 
this method is an old dodge. If any of our friends has 
been imposed on in this connection we should be glad to 
hear from them with fullest data possible. 

Journal readers are to be congratulated on our good 
fortune in securing Mr. W. E Dennis to give a course of 
instruction in pen lettering, designing and engrossing. 
Mr. Dennis has been one of the recognized leaders m 
this line for a number of years. To those who look for- 
ward to earning their living in whole or part by doing 
pen work, these papers will be of almost incalculable ben- 
efit. Tne next issue of The Journal will have a beauti- 
ful full page cover in half-tone by Mr. Dennis, which 
will give our readers a taste of his quality as one of 
America's foremost pen artists, and a hint of what they 
may expect in the instructions that he begins with this 


The Vtrtil Regular Met-linu of the New York Body. 

On Saturday morning. Jan. 8tb, the first regular meet- 
ing of tbe Commercial Teachers' Association was held in 
the rooms of Packard's Business College, 101 East 
Twenty-third St., New York City. 

Tbe meeting was called to order by President Kinsley, 
who, being called away in a short while, surrendered tbe 
chair to Vice-President Connor. 

After rearliug tbo minutes, a paper, " English in Busi- 
ness Schools," hy Charles M, Miller, Packard's B. C, was 
read. Mr. Miller favors business language being made 
more promment. He said language is the vehicle of 
thought, and favored more specializing and less general- 
ization in teaching language. He thinks that a dozen or 
more of the leading businesses could be taken as a basis 
and a vocabulary prepared expressly for students who 
desire information about those businesses and about the 
• words in use, and the students should be taught the spell- 
ing, pronunciation ami detiuition of tbe words in addition 
to being taken, if po.'jsble, to the particular places of 
business where the words are used, and there be shown 
tbe application of these words. Mr. Miller does not 
deprecate instruction in grammar, but believes that less 
general an.l more special instruction along tbe lines indi- 
cated would benefit all. 

Hobart Webster, Supervisor of Writing and Drawing 
iu tbe Elizabeth. N. J , Public Schools, followed Mr. 
Miller. He doesn't believe that business letters from 
business men are good models either from a grammatical 
or letter writing standpoint. He also believes that 
teachers do too much correcting iu English composition. 
Let tbo pupils think it over and correct it themselves 
so far as possible. 

W. E. Drake, of the Jersey City Business College, 
favors tbe teaching of punctuation and the uses and 
meaning of words. Words are sacred, and should not be 
used unthoughtfuliy. We have too much slang. He 
doesn't believe with Mr. MUler, however, that words can 
be successtully specialized. He believes in study of tbe 
dictionary and in teaching technical grammar. He thinks 
that Brown's grammar, which is fifty years or more old, 
taught thoroughly, wilt produce the best results. 

A. J. Rider, Trenton B. C, does not believe iu Brown's, 
(jreene's or any other color grammar. He doesn't believe 
in technical grammar. He believes in the study of words. 
He thinks that people use words larger than themselves, 

and for that reason tbe child talks better than older peo 
pie who have studied grammar for years. Use simple 
words. He thinks the teacher can accomplish a great 
deal by correcting errors in tbe speech and errors in 
written language, and by calling attention to ptlpiis' 
errors the pupils will soon learn what is correct. 

N. P. Heftley, HeEfley School of Commerce, suggested 
that somebody explain a system. M. D. FoUon, Super- 
visor of Penmanship, White Plains, N. Y., Public Schools, 
believes that language should be taught by correlation, 
by insisting upon correct language in every day work. 
Pupils should make free use of the dictionary. He does 
not favor learning rules. 

R. A. Kells, N. Y. Business Insr., said that business 
schools caught pupils that public schools cannot do any- 
thing with. Public schools should lay the foundation 
ami business schools should do the special work iu pre- 
paring them for business. In bis work he laid special 
emphasis on spelhng 

Frank Rutherford, Rutherford's School of Shorthaud, 
New York, spoke on tbe importance of spelling. He be- 
lieves in making a collection of letters from business 
houses and compiling them into a book. 

W. J. Amos, of tbe Merrill College, Stamford, Conn., 
thinks than pupils will pick up lauguage if they are 
brought in contact with proper examples of expression. 
Pupils should not use words whose meaning is beyond 

At tbe close of the discussion a motion by Mr. Drake to 
refer tbe subject for tbe next meeting to the Board of 
Governors was adopted, speakers and members to be 
notified by mail and through The Penman's Art Jour- 

N AL. 

Thirteen new names were submitted for membership. 
Tbe association is growing at a gratifying rate, but there 
are hundreds of commercial teachers in tbe vicinity of 
New York and thousands throughout the United States 
and Canad* who vvould be benefited by joining this asso- 
ciation, and Thk Journal hopes that names will be sent 
in from these teacher.s to the officers of the association or 
to tbe chairman of the Membership Committee before 
the nest meeting. 

The next meeting of the association will be held at the 
same place, Packard's Business College, 101 East Twenty- 
third St., New York City, on Saturday morning, Feb. 
5th. Tne subject for discussion has not been selected 
yet, but some one topic will be picked out and the time 
devoted to that. The association is in session from 10 to 
ll.;iO only, thus givmg out of town members ample op- 
portunity for shopping or sightseeing after the meeting. 
Tbe membership lee is but ?l.OO. This includes tbe annual 
dues as well. It is hoped at an early date to begin the 
publication of the papers and discussions and to circulate 
these among members. For this reason it is hoped to 
have a very large membership in a short time, as much 
good will certainly result from those discussions and wide 
circulation given to tbe papers. The cost is but ^I. 00 a 
year and The Journal hopes that every teacher in the 
United States and Canada, whether a member of another 
association or noc, will join this association. 

It is not a New York association in any sense except 
that the meetings are held here, ana it is hoped to have 
an international membership. As stated in tbe Decem- 
ber number of The Journal, if conditions warrant at 
some future time tbe association may develop into a 
club, or at least a club may be the natural outgrowth of it. 
But in any eveut much can be accomplished for the cause 
of commercial education through this association, and 
we trust to see it earnestly backed up by the members of 
tbe profession, whether they live iu New York, Port- 
land, Maine ; Portland, Oregon, or Winnipeg. 

Uiilii further notice new siibscriptiutis may bci^iii 
with Dec. iiiiiiiliei*, so as to iiieliide tlie full course of 
^^ 300 Graded Peu Copies in Kapid Itusiiiess Writinur.'* 

1 ^ 1 

..-. i " 


1^^ JKIWtI-tB- — i - jm^. 

ift B ]" 

IS: A.^^,^ 

- ^W .. :,,,^ 

^ !l»...._». l»..^1iv.=^==fa«ik«iM 

H— "— ^'<BI '■« 


,» Hi^l'H 

1 ip,, paiil ...- ™'P|P^»' " 

■.. ,^.-,^BJ5 

■- i«ii.<^ii^ta«. 

■ ■'^^^^.^^■Z^^ 


-«lll ^ J^' 




Auxiliary Exercises in Connection with "300 Graded Pen Copies in 
Rapid Business Writing." 

The following exercises are in harmony with, and apply to, the same stage ot instruction as the main copies on 
pages 6 and 7. They may also be nsed independently, with excellent results. Lest the student should undertake to do 
too much, we advise him to consult his teacher before using these copies in connection with the main ones. 

These copies are the contribution of four well-known penmen, to wit : Divisions I and J— by E. C. Mills, Roches- 

ter, N. Y. ; A-. 

-F. L. Haeberle, Millersvi 

L— F. M. Wallace, Denver, Colo. ; ,lf— S. B. Fahne-stock, McPlicrson, 

Kansas State Penmanship Association. 


The second annnal meetiog of the Kanpas State Pen- 
manship Association was held in the Kansas State Nor- 
mal School on Saturday, December 11. It was attended 
by teachers ot writing from three different States. 
More than a hundred teachers of writing were present. 
The morning session was opened by an Address of 
Welcome by Pres. A. R. Taylor, of the State Normal, 
which was expressed in masterly language and replete 
with profound thought. This was followed by the an- 
nual address by Pres. L. H. Hansam, and later by sev- 
eral selections of vocal music, which were intensely 
appreciated by the large and attentive audience. 

"How 1 Start a Class in Plain Writing" was pre- 
sented in an oflhand talk by Prin. J. N. Engle, of the 
White City schools, in which was clearly developed the 
fact that the fault lies with the teacher in that better 
results in writing are not forthcomiug from the public 

S. B. Fahnestock, of McPhersou College, McPheison, 
followed with a paper on " Teaching Penmanship in 
Graded Schools and Business Colleges," taking the 
ground ot one method in both instances and advocating 
that wherever movement can be taught no essential 
difference need be observed in presenting the subject in 
different kinds of schools. 

A talk on " Business Writing ot the Future " was 
made by C. W. Ransom, Central College of Business, 
Kansas City, Mo., which expressed in flowing language 
the sentiment of the most progressive teachers in plac- 
ing " Business Writing" on the apex of the penman's 

The afternoon session opened with the reading of a 
paper on " Basic Principles in Teaching Penmanship," 
by L. H. Hausam, Kansas Wesleyan Business College, 
Salina. The paper was illustrated by charts on scien- 
tific position at desk, and the basis ot movement as 
derived from and governed by the various muscles 
performing their natural functions. The paper was 
devoted almost wholly to a psychological consideration 
of the subject and elicited from A. N. Palmer, editor 
Western Penman, a public invitation to discuss the sub- 
ject m this light in the U'csffm I'enmiiM. 

"Vertical 11,9. Slant Writing" was the subject ot a 
paper by W. C. Stevenson, State Normal, Emporia. He 
took a position seconded by all present, who expressed 
themselves, except E. H. Roudebnsh, author of Vertical 
copy books-viz., that Vertical— i. <•., iieriiendiculiir— 
writing is not a success from a movement standpoint, 
and therefore not at all, not being more legible than a 
same quality of proper slant writing and not admitting 
of as great speed or as long continued effort without 
fatigue as slant writing. 

W. H. Quackenbush, Topeka Business College, Topeka, 
read a good paper on " Movement," leaving no doubt in 
the minds ot his hearers as to the great value of good 
movement. He expresfed many admirable ideas, mak- 
ing an old, much discussed and almost hackneyed sub- 
ject to rise with new interest and vigor. 

The attendance at the meeting was a neni representa- 
tive one, and demonstrated completely the advantage 
of the organization. It embodies the most advanced 
ideas, and is backed up by the most skillful penman and 
teachers ot the State, settling the question of its useful- 
ness beyond doubt, and bespeaking for its future useful- 
ness in redeeming the " Queen ot Arts," in Kansas, from 
the sad disadvantage under which it is now struggling 
a glorious triumph. 
The entire session was most interesting and profitable. 
The following resolution was adopted: 
Resolved, That we, the penmen and teachers of writ- 
ing of Kansas, do declare our belief in the following 
statement of principles of teaching penmanship and in- 
vite the careful investigation ot all teachers to them, 
with the belief that their adoption by the teachers ot 
the State will result in much good. 
Slalriiienl o; I'tinelpUs (loreriiliii, Ihe Tearhlnu of 
yraclirnl llfiliiiu 

■ 1 We believe the essentials ot good writing to be ease 
ot action, speed of action, and beauty as weU as legi- 

'3 The paper on desk should be placed with lines prac- 
tically at right angles to the forearm; other positions 
tend to retard the freedom ot movement. 

3 We believe the front position ot body to be hygien- 
icailv the best and should be taken where possible. 

4 We believe in the use of the forearm movement tor 
all with the possible exception of a degree of combined 
movement in the lower grades ot public schools 

V Wo believe in the judicious and extended use ot 
movement exercises embodying t^e elements of the le^ 
ters for the purpose ot gaining control, and ahio to add 
interest to the practice. ™.i..„„ ,. = =T,o»d of 

6 Good legible writing must be written at a ^Peed or 
twenty or more words a minute, and a less rate of speed 
is properly termed drawing. ^ u v .„ „-kt i„ 

TWe believe no style ot writing should be taught in 
the public schools, o/any other schools, which cannot 
be used to the b?st advantage m the class room or busi- 
ness world. 


Commercial Teachers' 

Third Annual Meeting of tiie Federation 
and Twelfth Annual Meeting of the 
Western Penmen's Association, at Chi- 
cago, Dec. 27, 28, 29 and 30. 

A Fine Programme and a Big Attendance. 

C>cncrnl Ofllccrs ; 

Hri^iddmit flmrlm 31. Miller, ^few York. 

riee-l'ri'Mdtsnt A. X. ratmri; Cellar Raplda, la. 

Secretary 1. t\ tl'el/lt, Kashvtlle, Tenn. 

Treamirer C A. Fauat, Chicago. 

Exvcullae Committee: ./. A. Jdjotvi, Chicaffo ; .T. P. 

Klirne, Phtlailelphta ; C. C. luarahall, itallle Creek, 


Bllslnc>>a Toaclleri.' Asiorlnllun. 

PrettUlent ?r. n 11 Itiyham. Cliirni/o. 

I'lce-rreMileiil « H'. Hru<rn..Tr., Ottawa , III. 

Secretary JV. T,. Hlehmond, Kankakee, III. 

MSxeeutive Committee: A. W. Dadley, Chicago; M. jr. 

Owen, Decatur, 111.; Ir, l\ Stevenson, Emporia, 


Sliortliaild Tencliorei' AAKOclallon. 

Prenldent n; R. Smitli, Bif/ Itaiihh. .Mich. 

Flee-Presldent f. If. Moalier, Omaha. Keh. 

Seeretari/ L. A. Arnold, Cliicngo. 

Kj-ecuth<e Contmittee: <'. If, Kltt. Clilrafio ; 1^. y. Van 

Antmeip, LoulmUlle, Ki/.;,/. VHjfurd Kennedu, Chl- 

Westcrn Penineu*% Asni>flatli»n. 

l-reeUlent ,t. p. Flak, Chicann. 

rice-President w. C. Stevenson, ISmporia, Kan 

Secretary j. a, Olson. SInnherry. Mo, 

Treasurer , r. X Irandle, Chteayo. 

Kxecutlce Commlllee: C. K. Cranilh; .1. .V. Palmer 
C. A. Panel. 

Public School Wrltliis: ami Drnwing Teachers' 

President u, thampUn. Cincinnati. 

llee-Presldent...Mts.- L. Viola Hullir, I liarles Cltij. la. 

Seeretary-Treaaunr W S. Jllser, lU.hmond. Iml 

Hjrecutlvc Committee: W. P. l.yon, Delroll : l.r Wthli, 
yashviflr. Tenn.: Miss Clara Pmena. 


Bnslness lidacators' Association, 

C. E. Abell, BurlinBtoii. la. 

H. B. Brown. N. I. Nor. Scbool. Vnlpariiiso, Ind 

N. A. Barrett, Bi-yanfs B C. Chicaso. 

UeoTBe W. Brown. Brown's B C . Jacksonville. Ill 

D. C. Brown. Brown's B (.'.. Pporia 111 

George W. Brown, Jr..'sB C , Ottawa, III. 

■J,' &,By''°»' Po"'™ Coll., Philadelphia. 

C. W. Benton, No. Ind N. S , Valparaiso. Ind. 

E L. Casterton. Racine. Wis. 

W. H. Callow, Elgin, 111, B. C. 

W. F, Cadwell, Qalosburg, III , B. (' 

C. C. Cochran, North Cbicauo B C , Cbicaeo 
L G. Crosb.v. Elgin. HI,, Academy 

A. L, Clair, Monnt Morris, III , ColloRa. 
M. H. Davis, Davis B. C . Toledo. O 

A. W. Dudley, Meti-opolitau B. (.' , ('hicago 
Schuyler Drury, ChicaRo B C. 

G. W. Elliott, Elliott's B. C , Burlinuton la 

8, H, 0,«„lvra, , \v,.st Side B C, Chicago, 111, ■ 

E. E. ayl.n d, P.a, tuul Text Book Co . Cleveland, O. 
B- J. HHtiiii. I'liutou, la., B. C. 

ri A n 'f r''n^Y^?.V>LN °- Shenandoah, la. 

D. A. Hal)..|, Elliott's B. C , Burlington la 

B. B. J.ine.s, LMinBton. Ky., B. C. 

J. E. Kini;, Wllhams & Rogers. Rochester N V 

S'i Kirker Spalding's C. C,. Kansas cftv. Mo 

O. E. King. CoSar Rapids.;ia , li. V 

P. C. Reach. Brown'.s B C . Peoria. Ill, 

J E. Karns. Rockford. Ill , B. C. 

R. a. Laird. Pittsburgh. Pa . A,-ademv. 

E. R Lyons. Brown's B. 0,. Decatur. Jll. 

C. W. Lesbc. Metropolitan B, C. Chicago 

H. T. Lnoniis spencerian B C, Cleveland, O. 
J. A. Lyons. Metropolitan B, ('., Chicago, ill 
U. a. Moore. Springfield. III.. D, C 
p. L. Muswlman. Gem City B. C . Ouincv III 

C. C Marshall, Ellis Pub Co , Battli Creoit Mid, 
.1. E, MacCormac. B,.v,„n'. B .'"I'hicago ' ■"""■ 
J. M. Mehan, C. (' c i i >, . \i,,,,,..o in 

'W. H. McCaulev, h II , , '" 

J. B. McConkie. ( ^ , I: . ■ h,i„n,. in 

W. S. McKinnev, l^i h,,!i ~ i , ,,„i„, Sc,„ , „, . 

n IT xT„,*i , " . . '' "'inii,' ,».,chool, Chicago. 

O. E. Nettloton, Jacksonville, 111.. B C 

l^h„?''iS''l"'"*'l:'.1'''"°'''''5l'oll. Mt Morris 111 

John C. Natus. St. Francis School! Milwaukee 

H M. Owen, Brown's B. C. Deoatur, 111. 

W 8 Osborn. Pontiac, Mich , B. C. 

J. B. Owen. Galesburg, III. 

A. H. Porrt, Chiongo B. C. 

I; = ?S°'','"'*' Packard's B. C. New York 

C R PoH " R,"''"'?P£'"»° B t'., Chicago. 

F F o ,,',»" ' \'^- •'"'^''■''""ville: 111. 

o ^'„'*,"'°"''' B'""'"' B. C, Bloomington, HI, 

O. Re™olds, Bryant's B C. Chicago. 

N. L.Richmond Kankakee, HI,, BO, 

H, M,Rowo, Sadler Pub. Co., Baltimore Md 

D. I Rowe Rowe Coll., Johnstown, Pa? 
P. Rltuer, St. Louis Com'l Coll 

i fSpalding. Kansas City, Mo, 

Robert C, Spencer, Spencorian B. C, Milwaukee, 


, Louisville, Ky., Spencerian B. O. 

— Shaffer, Toledo, O. 
D. W. Springer, Ann Arbor. Mich., High School. 
R. B. Shafer, Fayette, O , Nor. School. 
Edwin W. Spencer, Milwaukee, Wis. 

0. L. Trenary, Coll of Com., Kenosha, Wis. 
F.B. Virden, Chicago B, C. 

W. H. Whigham, Metropolitan B C Chicago. 
J. W. Warr, The Praiticnl Aqe. Moline, 111, 
C. W. Wiers, Richmond, Ind,, B. C. 

C. A. Wessel, Industrial Inst., Big Rapids, Mich. 

1. N. Wright. Brown's B, C . Bloomington, 111, 
A. F. Wallace, Pontiac, 111., High School. 

P, B, Warr, Danville, 111.. B. C. 
J. J. Weber. B. C. of Christian Univ.. Canton, Mo, 
ire«(ern P€nmen''s Association. 

D. T. Ames, Penma.n's Art Jouunal, New York. 
M K, Bnssard, Iowa City, la , C. C. 

George W. Burke. Jr , Danville, Va,, Mil, Inst, 

C. W. Crandle. Athenaeum, Chicago. 

J. F. Fish, Metropolitan B. C. Chicago, 

C. A. Faust. Chicago B. C. 

R. L. Freed, Aurora, 111., Correspondence School, 

W, F, Giesseman, C. C, C. C . De9 Moines, la. 

Burt German, Fremont, Ohio. 

H. D. Harris, Norristowu, Pa, 

A. H. Hinman, Hinman's B. C , Worcester, Mass. 

Carlton V. Howe, Chicago, 

Miss Gertrude Harvey, Galesburg, 111, 

W. J, Ives, Chicago, 111, 

E. L Jarl, Galesburg, 111, 

E E Kent, Lebanon, O., National N. U. 

W. J. Kinsley, Penman's Art Jodhnal, New York. 

L. M, Kelchner. N. I. N. C , Dixon, 111. 

J. B. Luckey, B & S. B. C, Louisville, Ky. 

H B. Lehman. N. I. N. S., Valparaiso, Ind. 

C. D. Lazenby. Trl-State Nor. B. C, Angola, Ind, 

J. W McCaslin, Chicago. 

J. C. Olson, Northwestern N. S.. Stanberry, Mo. 

A. N. Palmer, Cedar Rapids, la., B. C. 

I. W. Pier.son, Bryant's B. C , Chicago. 

E. P. Quintal, Brown's B. C, Bloomington, III, 

W, Guy Rosebery, Ottawa, 111, 

Geo. E. Spalding, Spalding's C. C , Kansas City, Mo. 

PiMie School Writing and t>inutnu Teachers' I.ys 

J. H. Bachtenkircher. La Fayette, Ind. 

W. H. Carrier, Adran, Mich. 

Howard Champlin. Cincinnati. 

Miss Clara Emens, Lockport, N. Y. 

Miss Lillie Qodden, Chicago. 

W. S. Hiser, Richmond, Ind, 

Miss Lucy Keller, Duluth, Minn. 

Mrs. Wni. J. Kinsley. New York. 

Keen, Mr., Chicago, III. 

W. P. Lyon, Detroit, Mich. 

Miss Cora A. Ney, South Bend, Ind. 

Chandler H. Peirce, Evansville, Ind. 

Willie C. Ritner, St. Louis. 

Mrs. M. E, Swayze, Grand Haven, Mich. 

Mrs. Sara E. Spencer Sloan, Chicago. 

L L. Summers, Milwaukee, Wis, 

A. F, Stolebarger, Ottumwa, la, 

E, E. Utterback, Houston, Texas. 

A. C. Webb. Nashville, Tenn. 

A. C. Wetzel, Sterling, 111, 

Miss L. Viola Waller, Charles City, la. 

Shorthand Teachers* ^Association. 
L, A, Arnold, English High School, Chicago, 
Miss Nanny Y. Blair. Metropolitan B. C , Chicago 
Miss Maud Brunais, Deinent's College, Chicago. 
Charles O. Bentley. Brown's B. C, Jacksonville 111 
Robert E, Briner, Spalding's C. C . Kansas City, Mo, 
Arthur J. Barnes, Barnes' Bus, & Short, Coll,, St, Louis 
H. A. Brown, Spencerian B C. Milwaukee. 
Miss Katherine Cameron. Metropolitan B. C. Chicago; 

Mrs. Belle Dement. Dement's College, Chicago 
Miss Gertrude M. Davis, Clinton, la, 

C. C, Dexter, Lynn, Mass., B, C, 
Mrs. C. A. Faust, Chicago B, C, 
O. N. Goldsmith, Chicago, 

George M Guest, Guest School oC Short., Milwaukee. 

H. G. Healey. Cedar Rapids, la,, B, C. 

Prank M. Holland, Chicago, 

Vie T. Kobel, Elliott's B, C, Burlington, la. 

J. Clifford Kennedy, Dement's College. Chicago 

Miss Margaret E. King, Brown's B, C., Bloomington III 

D. Kimball, Kimball Bus. Tram. School, Chicago 
C. -W. Kitt, Metropolitan B. C, Chicago. 

E. J. Losie. Rockford, 111., B. C. 

Mrs R, G. Laird, Pittsburg, Pa., Academy. 

P. W. Mosher. Omaha, Neb., C. C. 

Mrs, F. W. Mosher, Omaha. Neb., C. C. 

Chas. M. Miller, Packard's College, New York 

Miss Jennie Murphy, Metropolitan B. C, Chicago, 

S, B, Norcross, Ishpeming, Mich , High School, 

Miss Prances H, North, Albion, Mich, 

Miss Minnie C, Pratt, Decatur, 111,, B, C, 

Mrs, A, N. Palmer, Cedar Rapids, la., B. C. 

Mrs. P. Ritner. St. Louis C. C, 

Rupert P. Rolle, Armour Inst, of Technology, Chicago. 

Miss P. J. Salisbury, Ryan High Shcool, Appleton, Wis 

J. A. Stephens. Metropolitan B. C, Chicago. 

A. H. Sproul, High Sctool, Elgin, 111. 

Miss Florence M, Slingerland, Oil City, Pa , B C 

W, R, Smith. Ferris Indus, School, Big Rapids, Mich, 

Miss Bstella Trueblood, Simpson College, Indianola, la 

W, I, Tinus, Chicago, B, C, 

E, A Williams, Chicago, 

John Alfred White, Com'l Dapt, High School, Burlington, 

Miss Clara Worth, Decatur, 111., B, C, 

F. N, Van Antwerp. Spencorian B. C, Louisville, Ky, 

The third annual meeting of the Commercial 
Teachers' Federation (twelfth annual meeting of 
the Western Penmen's Association), held in Chi- 
cago December -aT-aO, 1897, was the best in attend- 
ance and interejt of any of the meetings held by 

this body. Interest was intense and enthusiasm at 
fever heat. Splendid papers and discussions were 
crowded into every programme. Some of the best 
papers and talks were from prominent Chicago bus- 
iness men. 

It was a representative gathering of commercial 
and public school teachers of penmanship, etc., and 
all felt that the federation has entered on a very 
successful era of its existence. 

Business men will be ultimately beneficiaries of the 
work done by members of the Federation of Educa- 
tional Associations at its second annual meeting, which 
began in this city yesterday. . . . Before they leave 
the city at the end of a four days' season, they expect 
to be better equipped than ever before to teach their 
special branches of study, and that will bring about, as 
a natural result, more capable clerks and assistants for 
the business men of to-day, and a more thoroughly 
trained class of business men in the future. — From the 
Chicayo Time.i-Henild, Dec US, ISfl?. 

[The sessions of the General Federation and those of the 
Business Teachers' Association were reported for The Journal 
bij J. P. Byrne.] 

Mondai/, Dec, 'i7. 
The general sessions were opened Monday evening, 
Dec. ai', by the annual address of President W. N Fer- 
ris, of Big Rapids, Mich. It treated of the position of 
business education in the system 
of the country and then briefly 
reviewed its history. Noteworthy 
in its statements were these : 

The changes in educational af- 
fairs are directly connected with 
the life of the times. Out of the 
new wants of to-day arise new 
methods of education adapted to 
satisfy them. For this reason 
business colleges have been devel- 

son it will be necessary for com- 
mercial instruction to be steadily improved in quality 
with the increasing demands of the future. The name 
college is not, to my idea, a desirable one for our insti- 
tutions, but it has come into general use, and so must 
be retained; still there is a real aspect in the work we do. 

The old business educator was narrow and superficial. 
Now commercial education is recognized by the whole 
educational system, as it has found its way into the pub- 
lic schools. The work along the lines of culture which 
business educators do is worthy of special attention. 
The matter of teaching morals and ethics, for instance, 
does not belong to any particular class of workers. 
Morality of a high degree is necessary tor all kinds of 
activity. The need of it in the business world is only 
too evident. Busim^ss educators are coming to recog- 
nize more and more that this feature of their work must 
be given attention. It is along this line that our insti- 
tutions are going to develop. 

Isaac S, Dement, president of the Shorthand Teachers' 
Association, followed with the annual address of that 

He touched upon the inadequate preparation generally 
given for business, and the failure therefrom. Conse- 
quently ceaseless efforts were necessary to develop 
greater ability in teaching, and as a result better train- 
ing. He counseled greater independence for shorthand 
teachers with a consequent development of ability. 

Mrs. M, E. Swayze, president of the Public School Writ- 
ing;and Drawing Teachers' Association, dwelt, in her an- 
nual address, which followed, upon the importance of 
the specialist in preparatory and secondary education. 

E. H, Beach, editor of the Buokkeej)er, Detroit, Mich,, 
followed with an admirable paper upon the plans and 
the results of " School Advertising." This was dis- 
cussed by Messrs, Packard, Brown, R. C. Spencer, M. H. 
Davis and others. 

Tuesday. l>ee. 28. 

The general exercises were opened by the annual ad- 
dress of J, E, King, president of the Business Teachers' 
Association, It was a vigorous document, and pointed 
out the present development of business education, its 
future needs in better educated teachers, as the better 
the general education the better the specialist. The 
old teachers, he said, were crude but not lacking in 
stamina, but out of their development, commercial edu- 
cation had come to be looked upon as something else 
than a 'commodity. Now the educator must precede 
the business man, and give the culture side the atten- 
tion it deserves, 

" CoUege Training for the Business Man " was pre- 
sented by Mr. Alexander H, Revell, a widely known 
business man of Chicago. He spoke of the appreciation 
of the community for the work of the business school, 
and the aims of the Federation; that the conviction was 
growing that small colleges are turning out the great 
men; that there is a prejudice in the college spirit 
against business: that I heir general education is not fi- 
for practical purposes, but for a life of indolence; that 
one mission of a school is to teach manhood and citizen- 
ship with the thought of self-reliance and independence. 

The address was warmly received and published in 
full in the Chicago papers. 







- Recent visitors to Tnii Jouunai. office were E. A New- 
com'-r. New Jersey B. C, Newark. N J.: L. M. Tbornburgh. 
Hicli School. Paterson. N J.: P. B. Moore and F. L. Bick- 
more. Trenton. N. J - B C: Hobart Webster. Writing 
Sapvr., Elizabeth. N. J.; J. W, Harabbarcer. Walworth B 
C New York ; S, D Holt._pen artist. Philadelphia ; J. P. Mc- 
Donold. Detroit B. U.; Q. B. Jones, Underhill's Sch. of Bus.. 
Lockport. N. Y.; G. C. Raynur, Polytechnic Inst.. Brooklyn, 
N Y.: F. E. Hawkins, Eveniug High Sch„ Brooklyn. N. Y.; 
C H Little, New Yiirk : H C. Bentlev, Torrington. Conn.; 
B. A. Peters, Ocean Grove, N. J., Higli Sch.; Itfiss Marjow. 
shorthand department Burdett Coll , Boston ; 

,rk, N. J. 

( of thf Teachers. 

^ School of 

„ ,., , ,_ „_ _. „. -L. H. Jackson is the 

...^.vly elected principal of the Sanduskv, Ohio, B (J,— J. Y. 
B. McCarthy, who has been idenitfled with the Cincinnati 
Bus. School, for some vears, has joined, the faculty of Louis 

Traub'3 B. C, Cincinnati. Mrs. Mable Henderson, recentlv 

with the Central B. C, Toronto, is the new principal of the 

shorthand department of Duluth B. U Simon Eckle, late 

of Huntington, Ind.. is teaching at King's^Bus. School^ Ro- 

Newburyport, Mass . to teach in a school at Ottawa, Canada, 
conducted by S. P. Willis. — Aaron R Schowyer has joined 
thefacolty of the Central C. C, Cumberland, Md.— -G. M. 
Jacobs has been elected principal of the commercial depart- 
ment of the York Coll., York. Neb. F. M. Hider has charge 

of the business department of Hastings, Mich,. Indus. School. 
-T. W. Miles of Ashland. Ore.. Nor. School takes the place 

of R. S. Barnes in the faculty of the Portland, Ore.. B. C. 

W. G. Bishop, superintendent of the commercial department 
of W. N. C. Shenandoah, la., has bought an interest in the 
Lincoln, Neb.. Bus. Coll., and will be with that school after 

the present school vear. D. D. Williams, late of Milwaukee, 

l;* teaching at the Modern School of Bus., Denver, Colo. 
Prjns. Parks and Ragland report everything prosperous in 

this school and send several ar;istic circulars. H. H. 

flenau. late of Shenandoah, la.. Nor. Coll., is teaching pen- 
manship at Drake Univ., Des Moines, and is pursuing a lit- 
erary course at the same time. 

School Changca. 

The Buffalo B. U., C. W. Johnson, proprietor, has been sold 

nut by the sheriflE. The consolidation of the two business 

schools at Bay City. Mich , has been efiected. The new name 
is the Bay City College. Lane, Bowles and Lamson are pro- 
prietors. Graceland Coll., Laomi, la., has a full fledged 

commercial department in charge of J. A, Gunsolley. A. 

.1. Warner of Elmira. N. Y.. has opened a new business 
(M-hool at Wellsboro, Pa. It is in charge of R. W. Ballentine. 
— P. W. Frederick Has been in connection with the Ohio B. 
C. and, with S. D. Hoover, has opened the Mansfield, Ohio. B. 

C. A new school on our list is White's B. C, 15 East Kane 

St., Atlanta, Ga. P. B. White is in charge.— Geo. M. Nichol, 
Ifvte of Lockhaven, Pa , B. C, has opened the Bellefonte. Pa.. 

School of Bus. & Short. C. H. Clark has purchased the 

Alamo City B. C„ San Antonio, Texas. 

— There is no sort of doubt that business in the commercial 
school field is continuing to improve. Almost every mail 
brings renewed assurances of this fact. D. L. Mnsselman of 
the Gem City B. C. Quincy, 111., writes that the school has 

liud a very successful year Wm Lueders. Sterling, 111 , B. 

I'-, report'* an increase of 'A^ per cent, over the past year 

W. J. Sanders, Bliss B. C, Wesleyiin, Mass.. pays that school 
■ '^ ;ry posperous condition andthat the outlook ' 

. - r -- . -- --J advance 

of the same period last year. J. M, Balzer, Minn. Nor. 

School & Bus. Coll , Minneapolis, puts the year's increase at 

''•It per cent. W. J. Shaw. Central B. C. Toronto, fays 

f^chocl was never so good from the standpoint of attendance 

■iml financial results. W J, Martindill of the Ludin^tou. 

Mumstee, Mich,. Bus. Colls., writes that everything is in 
nrst-class shape, showing a decided improvement over the 

past year. A note from Jno. A. Walker, vice-president of 

the Joseph Dixon Crucible Co.. Jersey City, N. J., who has 
wxtenaive dealings with business schools throughout the coun- 
f'T, reports that present conditions are very satisfactory 
and " Tiie future looks rosy for those who have 'eves to see. 
Perhaps the outlook was never more inviting. Never were 
there so manv roads open to wealth to those who know how 
t J find them." 

— This seems a good place 'to sav that in The Journal's 
^pinion there never was so favorable a time for investing in 
I'lisiness college property. Many schools have severely felt 
the hard times of the past three years, and are at present 
without sutflcient working capital to fullv rehabilitate them- 
sfllvos. Judicious investment in this line now would pay 
'luick and large dividends Of course this doesn't mean that 
mvestments in wild cat schools are desirable at this time or 
at any other time. 

. — "■ What Business Men Say " is the title of a little book 
i9su«d by the Hartford, Conn.. B. C. It lives up to its name, 
inissort of thing is first-class advertising. 

-The finest httle lady in New England (at Heast we'll 
gnnrantee there is none finer) arrived at the home of Mr. 
and Mrs. T. T. Wilson, of Brockton, Mass., B. C, on Tuesday, 
Nov. 12th. 

,\~ ^® have recived a copv of the Thanksgiving number of 
\aQ Rocky Mouniain News, CtenVQW Colo., which should have 
"een noted in the last issue of The Journal. The front 
''''^6. design is given over to turkey and football designs, 
« nich are qviite realistically drawn by Mrs. Jennie B. Wal- 

lace. Mrs. Wallace is the wife of F. M. Wallace, whom many 
of our readers will remember as having given an excellent 
course of lessons in public school work a year or.'so ago. Mrs. 
Wallace is not only a good writer, but is an all around pen 

Service Department, which includes courses of U. S. Gov- 
ernment and New York State and Municipal civil service 
examinations. The other is a Regenfs Department, qualify- 
ing all medical, dental and veterinary students for the New 
York State regent's examinations. This shows commend- 
able enterprise. 

— The students and friends of the Sbamokin B C. recently 
had a pleasant celebration, including a banquet, which was 
largely attended. 

— The Commencement exercises of the Elmira. N. Y.. 
School of Cora, were held at the Y M. C. A. Auditorium. 
December 3. There were forty graduates. 

— We are in receipt of a newspaper clipping from Warren, 
Pa., in which the work of the business college of that place is 
highly commended. 

— H. D. Harris of the Schiasler School of Bus.. Norristown, 
Pa., sends us a number of homemade photo views of the 
school which show him to be a first-class man with the 

— The graduating exercises of the Iowa B C, Des Moines, 
occurred on January 13. A large class awaits the receipt of 
diplomas. Priiicipal J'ennings has a way of indicating which 
of the graduates are already in position. We 1 hink this is an 
excellent feature. 

— The Capital City C. C. & School of Short., Des Moines, 
la., held their graduating exercises December 15. We are in 

- The Utica Morning Herald compHmpnts T. J. Risinger. 
principal of the College of Commerce, on a handsome set of 

— The Richmond Dispatch of late date gives a view of a 
handsome four story building that is being erected for the 
accommodation of the Smithfield B. C. 

of Baker Univ., Baldwin, Kans., were united in matrimony 
December '29. 

The Journal extends to the happy couples its hearty con- 

land. Ohio., on January 8. Mr. Longwith was well known in 
the business college profession. For ten years he taught at 
the Gem City B C., Quincy. 111., and for six years was at the 
head of the faculty of the Stockton. Cal.. B. C. He also served 
some time as president of the board of trustees of Chadwick 
Coll.. 9uincy, III., and was a member of its faculty;. For 

Fresh Jtii 


— The two most unique advertising articles which we have 
received from business schools within the past month area 
Christmas stocking inclosing a note from the Du Bois, Pa., 
B. C, and a diary which comes with the compliments of the 
Winnipeg, Man., B. C. 

— A mrge, handsome and profusely illustrated school cata- 
logue represents the Central B. C., Toronto, Canada. 

— The Duluth. Minn., B. C. is out with a new catalogue 
that sets forth the achool's attractions in a very wholesome 
way. The cuts would indicate a very full attendance at the 

— " Where to Attend " is the title of a well printed broch- 
ure from the Chambersburg, Pa., B. C. 

— A large catalogue and a number of detached circulars, 
all in good stvle, represent the International B. C, Bay City. 

— A verv clean and attractive looking prospectus is issued 
by the British-American B. C , Toronto. Accompanying 
this is a circular with the following title: "109 different 
firms offer over 150 vacancies to the graduates of the British- 
American College of Toronto during the year ending August 
31. 1897." It used to be said, with some reason we think, that 
school people were the worst advertisers in the world, but 
they are beginning to "catch on" at a very encouraging 


The ab>ve is a good likeness of W. J. Solly, vice-prin- 
cipal of Peirce School. Philadelphia, Mr. Solly is a very 
young man to be able to boast of an active war record. 
While a mere lad he enlisted with the Ninth Pennsylva- 
nia militia in September, 1863. The following June he 
entered the United States Navy, and was assigned to 

the steamer Victory of the Upper Mississippi fleet under 
Commodore Porter. After the business of war had 
ended Mr. Solly settled down to the peaceful pursuit of 
a teacher. His first experience was at Chestertown, Md., 
from which point he went to Schuylkill Coimty, Penn- 
sylvania. During this period he was also profepsionally 
engaged in the auditing department of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company, also had experience as superintend- 
ent of a large lumber operation in the interior of the 
State, and served as a prefect of Girard College. In ISTS 
these various outside affairs were put aside, and since 
that time Mr. Solly has devoted himself steadily to 
teaching. ' He had eight years of experience as teacher 
andprlncipal in high schools, including the High School 
at Wilbes-Barre, Pa. His business college career dates 
from 18S6. when he founded the Wilkes Barre Business 
College, and built it up into one ot the most successful 
business schools in Pennsylvania. Having disposed of 
this interest he was called to the faculty of Peirce Col- 
lege in isyi, and has been connected with that institu- 
tion since. In 1S!)3 he was made vice- principal, in charge 
of the shorthand department. In 1805 the late Dr. 
Thomas May Peirce, then conflued to his house by ill- 
ness, haudetl over the details of the management of the 
school to Mr, Solly. His work in that capacity has at- 
tracted wide attention, both within the business teach- 
ing profession and from the business community tribu- 
tary to Peirce School. Mr. Solly is au original and 
efifective advertiser, and well equijiped by character 
and training for the management of a great business 
school whose graduates are numbered way up in the 

C. J. Becker, whose portrait we give herewith, is one 
of the busiest worker in our profei 



He holds 



as ti-acher 

..r r™ 


ship in two 

well pa 


ii7A'd schools, 

the N 





U, and the 



b. C, Fall 



ss., both in- 



undor the 


.■ut of J. D. 

Thibodcaii, Mr. B.-cljo 
teaches 111 NrwBc'df..rd 
iu the morning and in 
Full Rivir in the attcr- 

ork 1 

3s ti 

to do 
itir-s in 

It lin . 
which be has a partic- 
ular r.indness. He has 
the reputation of being 
very succesful in mold- 
ng good businoss writtTi from indifforent material. 

Mr. Becker is around forty years old and a native of 
Fitchburg, Mass. He has been taking his turn at the 
pen in one capacity or another almost all his life, start- 
ing when a boy as a copvist in au insnranci- office. In 
1h;.5 he attended Kendalls Writing Institution, Boston, 
and has been in the harness professionally ever since. 
He also has worked as a decorator with several art con- 
cerns. He is an earnest worker, of genial disposition 
and a general favorite with his pupils. The Penman's 
Art Journal has had him enrolled on its '' Old Guard " 
list for many years. 

The young man whose facial lineaments are depicted 
herewith— E. E. Kent-dates back to October S3, 187S. 
Dixon, 111., was the place, and it followed rather natu- 
rally that at the age of eighteen he entered the N. I. 
Normal School at that place. In due timi' he graduated 
from various courees, including the business and pen art 
departments, and at once entered upon a professional 
career in that direction. For a while he had charge of 
the Dixon pea art department and was subsequently 
principal in a bus ini'88 college at Fort Smith. For more 
than a year now Mr, Kent has been a member of the 
faculty ot that wellknown institution, the National Nor- 
mal University, Lebanon, Ohio— the granddaddy, by the 
way. of the independent schools of this country. He is 
in full charge of the commercial and pen art depart- 
ments, and is doing excellent work. He is also an en- 
grosser of well rounded attainments. 


A Course of Instruction for Teachers of 
Writing in Public and Graded Schools. 



No. 1. 

[Note-Thr .Iouknal hns engaged Miss Keller to give a 
course of iDstruction to teacbers of writing m public and 
other graded schools. The object is to present sometbing 
that will ■■ Bo of Use " to the prade teacher as well as to tne 
special writing teacher. Mies Keller's experience as writing 
supervisor as well as her ictimate knowledge of the general 
public school machinery, derived from her experience as a 
grade teacher, will enable her to handle this subject in a 
manner that we feel sure will prove verv helpful to public 
Ncliool teachers. The course will be fully illustrated.- 
Editoii JuuiiNAr.-l 

A supervisor may addrese a corps of teachers and find 
out that half " gathered the thought " through the ear. 
The other half must be addressed through the eye. 
They want a printed outline. The ear-minded say: *' 1 
want to hear your lenson. I wish you would explain 
this outliue. It does me no good to read all this." The 
eye-minded say: " I've got to have something to follow. 
I can't remember without a book." 

The eye-minded will get the most help from the fol- 
lowing Heries of lessons. 

Teachers of experience want new ideas which they 
will modify to suit their environment, and we hope to 
satisfy all such. 

We won't argue about slant and vertical any more, 
nor even .say " vertical " to a class, but asking our first 
grade to keep the paper straight in front, we will begin 
at once. 

FiiBt OrafJf. 

Use no copy books. Do not worry over position. We 
all take hold the easiest way " when the teacher ain't 

Apply the same rules to the writng lesson that you do 
to the reading lesson. We have given up the a, 6, c 
method^in teaching reading, why not that of writing ? 

The first half should be free from technical writing. 
Begin with the easy words previously developed in read- 
ing lesson. The child talks with tongue or pencil. Give 
no directions for position of chalk or body. The larger 
muscles are first developed, and we begin with the 
blackboard, working with classes, not with the whole 
room at once. The teacher writes a large hand, stand- 
ing to the right of crayon with her back to board, class 
in front. 

A day comes when one pupil takes the crayon. Do 
not criticise, but erase quickly. 

Another day and the board is cleared, the teacher 
writes the new word once, erases, and each child flies to 
the board and reproducee the mental photograph. The 
first forms are crude, and should not be allowed to re- 
main before the eyes to blur the first correct image. 
Take as many impressions as are necessary. In about 
three weeks take time to assist the slow backward 

The time comes perhaps In second week when the 
class is sent to seats with pencil and unruled paper to 
draw the picture of the object and write its name free- 
hand. Use drawing paper, hektograph or wrapping 
paper. Too small a piece will result in small writing. 
There is no picture or word on the board, only the ob- 
ject before the child. Time goes on and the child omits 
the picture. Develop sentences as you did the words. 

It is now the end of the third week. 

Vertical vs. Round Hand Script. 

The merry war between slant and vertical writing 
waxes apace. In spite of the enormous gains that 
vertical has made in our public schools there are 
still many prominent educators who do not take to 
it kindly— in fact, are disposed to attack it savagely. 
We reprint the subjoined article from the School 
Jourtial. It is likely to provoke a smile from the 
advocates and a grin from the opponents of vertical 

" Whatever stififens the fingers (in writing) causes an 
undue tension of muscle, restricts the outgoing nervous 
energy, that must be utterly wrong, no matter what 
the exter;ial product may be. The hand is one ot the 
most important agents of sense-perception, as well as of 
expression. Over-tension of muscles produces unnatu- 
ral liabits and must react for evil upon the entire senso- 
rium; it means the crippling of brain power,"— From 
Col. Parker's letter to Supt. Brooks of Philadelphia in 
The School Journal, Mar. X3. 1S97. 

Tliese are words of wisdom that will call out hearty 
thanks from the great body of penmen and business 
writers everywhere, and should be heeded by every one 
whose business it is to determine how school children 
shall be taught to write, and it is a pleasure to see so 

able an educator closely in line with the writing frater- 
nity. Penmen and business writers have, from the first, 
regarded the introduction of vertical writing into the 
public schools as a misfortune— to the future welfare of 
the children; but their opinions on the subject have 
been treated with too much indifference by those who 
have attempted to fasten the teaching of vertical script 
upon the pubhc school system. Here comes a warning 
from a source outside the ranks of professional, business 
penmen and it ought to bear good fruit in every school- 
room in America. 

Col. Parker says further: '* I have never seen any class 
or pupil writing ^by the vertical system that wrote 
without a constrained, unnatural action of the hand." 
He never will see it. Vertical writing does not call into 
play "natural" movements of the arm: it is almost 
wholly a finger-movement process. 

But natural, unconstrained hand-action is not what 
the vertical advocates are contending, for, at least, if we 
may believe what is said by them. Ask principals, de- 
partment;;teachers, who teach vertical why they prefer 
it to natural, slant writing, and the majority will tell 
you— "Because the children write plainer, it is easier 
for us to read, etc." Such has been the invariable reply. 
Is this the broad, comprehensive view to take of this 
matter ? Are schools ^established and maintained for 
us teachers, or for the pupils ? Shall the pupil be made 
to write to suit the teacher's convenience, or shall she 
(or he) teach the pupil in, the best possible way ? That 
is the real question. A system of writing that has no 
broader basis to rest upon than that it produces writing 
" easy to be read," makes a machine of the pupil, sub- 
serves the teacher's convenience, and not the pupil's 
best interest. He has a right to be taught in the best 
way, and this looks to his welfare and interest beyond 
the school room, to the time when he must sell the prod- 
uct of his school training. The pupil's interest comes in 
for first consideration. The teacher's inclinations and 
preferences are secondary. The horizon of good teach- 
ing of writing extends beyond school-room demands. 
To say that a hand " easy to be read " is all that many 
pupils will ever need does not meet the question. 
Teaching an easy- to- be- read finger-movement hand does 
not provide for that large portion who will need to 
write unhampered by any " crippling or distortion of 
the physical agents" when employed in commercial 
houses, [offices, etc. A ^method that provides tor the 
training and development of all pupils is the one to 
teach. A method that will 'give a style as " easy to be 
read" as any vertical can possibly be, and which does 
not restrict " outgoing energy " and natural arm move- 
ment, is certainly the test to follow. 

J.eyibint,f—Vj,on What it Depends. 
The main argument for the introduction of vertical 
script is that it is more legible than any other. This is 
not true. Round hand, medium slant is just as legible 
as any vertical and it_has no " out " about it as to move- 

The making of lines vertical is not that which renders 
script legible. Legibility depends upon other factors, 
the chief of which are full turns, short loops, and capi- 
tals. A simple illustration will show this as regards the 
small letters. Here is a word written in three different 

A4/my 3 

styles. The first word represents a 'style taught for a 
long time in a certain New England State normal 
school. It ignores turns in and between letters. It 
died unmourned. and the upright style has been gained 
in " legibility " as seen in the second word ? Setting up 
the main lines to the vertical position how much has 
been gained in " legibility " as seen in the second word ? 
Not a particle. In either case the word may be taken 
for " run " or " rim." It cannot be called the best legi- 
ble writing. The combinations " in, un, im, ni, nu. etc.," 
are very frequent and must be clearly written to avoid 
uncertainty. In the third word is seen perfect legibil- 
ity; [it cannot be called anything but " rim " and it 
needs no dot above the " i " to determine its identity as 
would be in either of .the others. What has lent legi- 
bility to the third word ? The full, rounded turns. 
These give " rotundity " to the letters and clear separa- 
tions between the letters. But some vertical advocate 
may say—" Can't we have rounded turns in vertical 
script ? " Certainly, but your words are no more legible 

than medium-slant, round hand— and must be written 
in a " constrained, unnatural way," as Col. Parker says; 
by dragging the hand, while ,the slant style lets the 
hand slide along naturally— a great difference in favor 
of the latter. 

fositiun at the Deak. 

The easiest position at the desk allows the left arm to 
rest upon it while the right arm swings easily to the 

right from the shoulder. (The two forearms form 
nearly a right angle.) The cut here given shows the 
relative position of arms, paper, and desk. Resting the 
left forearm on the desk, turns the left side slightly to 
the desk, though the position is essentially a front posi- 

If the edge of the paper be kept parallel to the front 
edge of the desk the slant will be medium. Penmen do 
not quarrel about slant. The chief thing about it is to 
have it uniform. 

Morement Exercises, 

Prom the first, pupils should be drilled in simple arm 
movements, and the foundations laid for a style that 
looks beyond the school-room standard that is " easy to 
read." Here are specimens. 

Do you recall seeing such arm-freeing 
vertical systems ? I do not. Only single lines of letters 
are given for movement practice; no continuous, flow- 
ing movement from left to right and return that brings 
the arm into full play. A fair hand-writing with com- 
mand of the arm when a boy quits school is much more 
valuable than the plainest, half-written, half-printed 
hand, without command of the arm. 

Vertical writing sets the little ones to work with their 
fingers and keeps them there all through. It is wrong 
and denies them what is due to them. Don't teach into 
or toward finger movements, but teach away from and 
out of it from the beginning. There will be enough of 
it in the best method of teaching without courting it 
and catering to it by writing the vertical style. " Kx- 
perimenting" with young children in vertical writing 
is bad business for the children, however much it may 
please school oflBcials. 

Father Spencer. 

With the next issue we shall begin to print in the 
News Edition of Tub Journal a sketch of " Father 
Spencer," by his son, Robert C. Spencer of Milwaukee. 
A number of illustrations will be used, including por- 
traits, picture of the old log cabin school, reproduction 
of original advertising posters, etc. 

> ^eAJnaA!iQ:^Vit><:LBa.tAaj& 

Who First Taught Tracing in Copy-Books ? 

Fourth l'a|>Fr-('oiicln»iaii. 

*J. Sirong's Sl/ntem o/ feninaimhip. Bt/ J. L. Strong, 
Hartjoril, Cunn. Copyrlghl ISSO, '.73. '.jj. 
On the cover of bis primary book he says : 
The skeleton letters underneath the several copies will 
enable the pupil to understand the principles of shading, and 
should be traced with a dry pen until their forms have be- 
come familiar i 

The first page of this book has a copy of straight lines 
and underneath copies of dotted lines to be written over 
with pen and ink. On the succeeding pages a skeleton 
letter for tracing is placed below the copy, which is 
printed in black ink. 

II. Swan's Jttiertt-an Coptf-hookn, .Ittfiii'Oilkt.soti .V fv»., 
13 IUon,l„aii, .Vpic York. IS.m. 

This is a reprint of an English series of copy-books. No 
date or instructions appear on either the English or 
American editions, but John Gilkison & Co. disappeared 
from the New York Directory after the edition of 
1S59-60, so that the books were made previous to that 
date, and probably in use so late at least as 185» and 
1800. I espiciailij wish to call atlenlioii to the excellent 
execution of the dotted copies for tracing. Winchester's 
wan very crude, Strong's single copij of one page dotted 
was good, but Swan's is as artistic as can be made with 
dots, uniform in size and spacing, and beautifully 
printed. No dotted letters for tracing made before or 
since Swan'slcan at all compare with it. In some of his 
books the, tracing is in skeleton letters and equally beau- 

V////// 77. ^'m^'^Z'^.^?//-?/ //, 

777/77 7rrr/ 


I I 

.i2^-Sd!2^AZ7 7r\y/tr\y. 

10. .Si'lf.'Instruetltig Copif-bonh. New York : It. B. 
t'firter. Vopuriijht 1S5S. 

On the third page of cover are the following : 
Directions.— It will he observed that the first line Is 
lithographed in red ink, the copy being complete. This line 
the pupil is to trace over with black ink, observing to make 
but a single stroke in passing over any one line, and not fill- 
ing in or painting with repeated strokes. He should endeavor 
to cover the red ;mark and no more. The second line is not 
quite complete, and the pupil having traced over the iitho- 
Rraphed letters is to Tgo on and complete the unfinished part 
or the line, striving to do as well without as with tracing the 
i-'opy. The third and each succeeding line leaves the pupil 
more to do without assistance until the last line ia left for 
him to write wholly. 

AovANTAGEs.-lst. By the process of tracing a correct 
■orm of each letter is insured from the commencement, a 
consideration of great importance, habits early contracted 
Ming most difficult to eradicate. 2d. The pupil is gradually 
thrown upon his own powers and thereby saved much dis- 
«>uragement. 3d. The copy is before the pupil, not merely 
on the top line, but on each line, thus calling his attention 
ana impressing its form upon his memory. 


11. Jic.r.« 'j .S(/s(.m of WriUng. A. S. Humes .t <'o.. 

\ew Yoili. foiij/rlglit ISO'l. 
PI find among this series of books a primary sixteen- 
page book called " Beers' Introduction to Penmanship." 
It is printed over the entire page in red, and the only 
instruction is in a single line on the outside page of the 
cover, which eays : " Trace over the copy carefully with 
Pencil or Pen and Ink." The book has a wide center 
space or column in which is printed the multiplication 
table, commencing on Page 1 with "i times 1 are 2," 
and closing on Page 10 with " 1'2 times 11 are Vi-i." On 
each side of this table there is a narrow column of words 
of three or four letters, making in all l'.l*2 words for the 
pupil to trace over. 

We have reached the end of our quotations from copy- 
books with a book made exactly on the lines quoted from 
Locke on Foster's copy-books : 

The way to teach a child to write without much trouble 
is to engrave a plate in large characters, and have sev- 
eral pages printed in red which the child is to go over with a 
pen and black ink, etc. 

As John Locke lived from 1632 to ITOi, it seems in this 
particular instance not much advance was made over 
what he recommended, and the presumptive evidence is 
that tracing was not unknown in Sir John Denham's 
time, 1015-1650. So we are back where we started, and 
the question, " Who fibst taught tracing ? " is yet un- 
solved ; but having quoted from four textbooks by 
writing teachers prominent in their day, 18118, 'OS), '13, '35, 
and from twelve series of copy-books with authors more 
or less known and whose books were copyrighted in 
1830, '41, '42, '43, '44, '47, '48, ',53, '.5.8, '511, '63, the evidence 
is about 10 to 1 that at least during the present century 
the world has not been in darkness for want of light on 
the subject of tracing, dotted or otherwise. 

Geo. H. Shattdck. 

Medina, N. Y. 

That Scale of Thirds. 

Penman's Art Journal : 

Since Brother Shattuck is still desirous of thrashing 
over " old straii;" it might as well be done thoroughly if 
you will grant room to swing ou r flails ! My first Copy 
Books, published in 1801, comprised five Numbers, the 
copies In all of which are engraved on a scale of Thirds. 
The ruling also corresponds. As these books were pri- 
marily for my own use as teacher in New York public 
schools and as 1 had then conceived the plan of my Text 
Book and engaged in its preparation, specific instruc- 
tions were not put on the covers as had been customary, 
but reserved tor the Text Book. Later, in the same 
year, No. 6, a graduating book for young ladies, was 
added to the Series. This number being a small hand 
with elongated loops then in vogue was engraved on a 
scale of fourths, and so explained on inside cover. 

Next year, November, 1863, my Text Book on Pen- 
manship was completed and published, containing all 
the rules and principles of the Art. If Brother Shat- 
tuck will turn to that work (which 1 believe he has) he 
will find on Page 64, " Role 9. All looped and folded 
letters comprising the third class should be three times the 
length of o, whether above or below the ruled line, and all 
loops and folds in them should be equal to o in width." 

Also, Page 68, " Rule 6. All capitals should be three 
times the height of smalt o and equal to the looped letters 
in length." 

See, also, the engraved Scale of Proportion on Page 

At my next revision of copy books (1867) a new book 
for Ladies was prepared upon the scale of thirds as laid 


down in my text book. This scale has been adhered '.o 
by me and followed by all competing authors in slant 
writing to this day. 

1 am a little surprised that Brother Shattuck with so 
plain ocular and printed evidence at hand should adopt 
a delusive form of statement to appear to prove his case 
"niid 110 other," and offer to " risk his reputation for 
veracity ' (and also fairness and candor) by " submit- 
ting the books to any number of level headed gentle- 
men " to sustain his negative contentions and avoid my 
positive claim, which does not need fortification by any 
"verdict" to prove it to the satisfaction of the educa- 
tional world of the present generation. 

Yours sincerely, 

H. W. Ellsworth. 

New York, December, '97. 

Business Writing and How to Teach It. 

C1.\TI0N AT HARTFORD, CONN., NOV. 27, 1897. 

As I look back over the past ten years and see the 
many changes and improvements which have taken 
place all along the line of business writing and the 
methods of teaching it, I wonder if we shall ever reach 
the summit of perfection. The vital point of businets 
writing is legibility. The absence of this one quality 
renders it valueless, even though it have any other pos- 
sible excellence. The usual pressure and hurry of busi- 
ness exacts even more than its possession in a positive 
degree. It demands a living and speaking style, one 
that is inteUigible at eight. How to produce these re- 
sults with sufficient speed and ease of execution is the 
objective point of all progressive and enthusiastic teach- 

To produce the greatest rapidity and facility of execu- 
tion requires as simple forms as possible, with consider- 
able slope, no shade, and a steady sliding movement. 
My actual experience demonstrates that many who pass 
for rapid writers are only nervous and spasmodic scrib- 
blers. They start out with an apparent Western tor- 
nado motion which always leaves destruction in its 
path, only to hitch along at frequent intervals, or to 
make several flourishes in the air to one on paper. Not 
motion, but its quality determines the real degree of 
speed. The most rapid writers I ever had in school are 
those who have a steady and even motion and know 
how to use it. 

The fact that legibility and rapidity are the two main 
essentials of business writing causes us to inquire by 
what means we can secure these all important elements. 
No sane person will doubt for a moment but that 
" muscular " movemeni, properly mixed with common 
sanse and a determination to succeed, will prove a pan- 
acea for all diseases of chirography. In looking back 
with a meditative glance over the vista of time since I 
first became interested in good writing, I cannot fail to 
note the rapid advance of practical writing; and it is a 
certain fact that "muscular" movement has been a 
very potent factor in the upbuilding and carrying on of 
this, one of the most essential and practical branches of 

How to Tench. 

The latter part of my subject being how to teach busi- 
ness writing, I wiU give an outline of the plan 1 pursue. 
I seek first of all to inspire my pupils with ambition and 
zeal to fully appreciate the value of a good handwriting 
to its possessor. As soon as you beget interest and en- 
thusiasm, they will secure mastery. 

The burden of labor and achievement rests to a great 
extent with the pupil. Knowledge necessarily precedes 
intelligent action ; so students should be given a clear 
idea at the outset of just what is expected of them and 
how they are to go to work to do it. No amount of 
knowledge will take the place of doing. We must not 
only teach our pupils to think but to act for them- 

My preference for position at the desk is that which 
slightly inclines the body to the left, thus allowing the 
weight of the body to rest mainly on the left arm, while 
the right is left entirely free to strike out for both lati- 
tude and longitude. After a proper position is assumed, 
•'muscular'- movement is much easier to learn than if 
an incorrect position is taken. 

The more I teach writing the more I am impressed 
with the importance of giving properly graded move- 
ment drills. In nearly all of the compendiums published 
on business writing very little stress is laid on move- 
ment drills, especially the various forms of the compact 
oval. I generally use from fifteen to twenty minutes of 
each writing period on some exercise for development 
and control of movement. Of course, these drills are 
only a means to an end. Those who would learn to 
write a really good business hand must thoroughly mae- 
ter forearm movement. Those who build hurriedly and 
carelessly are apt to fall back on their imperfectly con- 
structed foundation. 

Afterlhave conveyed to the pupils' minds a clear con- 
ception of the movement and how to nse it, and they 


become somewhat proficient on oval?, I then give sncb 
capitals as A, O and C, reqairing pnpils to make pages 
of these and make them on the time I count. 1 call 
their attention especially to the shape of the letters, and 
also place on the board some incorrect forms, and have 
stndents compare their letters with these. One very 
important thirg we ought to teach our students is to 
.*f<— to see things as they are. It is a certain fact that 
the average boy will go on and practice time without 
end and never look at his work to see whether be is bit- 
ting the mark or not. 

After 1 get my classes well started on the right road, 
I then bring in a variety of exercises to help the pupil 
to gain control of movement. These exercises are so 
graded as to approach as near as possible to the size and 
shape of the letters for which we are working. I usually 
supplement my copies on the board with engraved or 
pen written ones, as I find students take a keener inter- 
est in a letter or copy actually made with the pen. 

As my students progress in their work I take the cap- 
ital letters in groups and, for instance, present the capi- 
tal fold ones such as .Y, Af, Q, Z, i', and several others, 
before taking up any other clags or shape of letters. A 
great deal has been written about movement, but how 
to control it is the question which directly concerns us 
all. There is nothing to take the place of thorough- 
going, painstaking work, but I do believe that move- 
ment exercises may be so presented as to lead gradually 
and surely to the desired results. 

After pupils are well advanced and get control of their 
motion, I use short words and sentences. I think we all 
as teachers are apt to slight the small letters, and give 
too much attention to the capitals; but when we stop 
to think how much more we use the small letters we 
ought to realize their importance and present them to 
our classes accordingly. 

1 should not consider my subject complete without a 
word about vertical writing. To define my position at 
the outset, I wish to say most emphatically that I do 
not favor vertical writing, Our business colleges 
throughout the country are the acknowledged leaders 
of practical writing, and few, if any of them, have any 
desire to make a change for the upright style. Those 
who are always ready to adopt everything new are not 
our successful teachers of practical writing. The very 
fact that the rank and file of America's best teachers, of 
whom I might name scores, are opposed to this fad, 
speaks volumes against it. 

I have in my desk up in Rutland a set of vertical copy 
books, whose instruction as well at writing is vertical. 
And right here 1 want to tell you the position which 
they advocate. Instead of placing the forearm, wrist 
and hand on the desk, only the hand and a small portion 
of the wrist are used, while the seat of "muscular" 
motion, which is located near the elbow, rests on air only. 
Now air put in motion is good to run some things, but it 
isn't the right power with which to propel " muscular " 
motion. I nest turn to the copies in the book, and 
should any muscular movement enthusiast, who writes 
and teaches a common sense business style, feel that he 
ought to do penance for any past sins, 1 can recommend 
nothing approaching any nearer the purgatorial condi- 
tion than a few minutes spent in trying to imitate the 
clumsy and unwieldly forms found in this up-to-date 
spine-curvature-curing system. No sane person wiil for 
a moment contend that vertical writing is faster than 
slant. The very laws of nature prove that slant writing is 
more rapid. Progress itself denotes a forward tend- 
ency. A runner, for instance, inclines forward so as 
to gain speed. I, for one, am satisfied with the good old 
way, and 1 believe every one else who is wide awake 
and can teach properly will not care to have a vertical 
diet dished up to him at the first course. I have always 
found that pupils who come to me with a vertical hand 
are the slowest writers in school, and if 1 crowd their 
speed a little their writing is almost illegible. 




From u Tnik »ifore llu- Eiiwieiii CoiiiiiHTcinl TencheiH' 
ANKociaiiou. lit Harifonl. Nov. '27. 

It is reasonable to suppose that all along the line ever 
since the invention of the typewriter there have been 
individuals here and there who manipulated the keys 
.with all the fingers. This would be nothing more than 
natural in the presence of normal manual powers, and 
also because of the very palpable suggestion furnished 
by piano playing. So it may be truthfully declared that 
no man invented the AU-fiuger method. At the very 
outset it may be affirmed that the All-finger method of 
typewriting is writing with all the fingers, without 
compromise or wavering, and it seems to me very 
strange that any exception should be taken to such a 
method of procedure. Allowance must be made, of 
course, to the fact that everyone has not well developed 
and graceful hands, or the most agile fingers, and this 
leads me to suggest a few exercises for the training of 
the hand. Here again piano playing renders assistance 
although it must be understood that I do not accredit 
to typewriting the need for as much education in hand 

culture'or finger technique as would be required by the 
pianist. At the same time, when there is a need, the 
exercises that I am about to give will be found exceed- 
ingly valuable. To express it briefiy, there should bd- 
established that connection' or communication between 
the brain and the fingers which shall render the latter 
obedient to every mental impulse necessary in carrying 
out the action of the hand, and these finger exercises are 
calculated to discipline the fingers so that each one will 
work gracefully, independently, quickly, and in all re- 
spects so fully in sympathy with the thought that very 
soon the action becomes automatic ; for it is well un- 
derstood in psychology that so-called automatic action 
is much quicker than that which calls for mental voli- 

I dare say there will always be more or less argument 
brought forward by the followers of the chopsticks and 
hocus-pocus style of typewriting, but granting that per- 
sons can attain considerable skill without method, and 
become reasonably accurate after long practice, never- 
theless it must be admitted by any reasonable being 
that having at our command certain manual powers it 
would indeed be foolish not to take advantage of them; 
and besides it is well to give all credit to that system of 
typewriting which makes the least demands upon the 
ntellect, and which with a minimum of practice leads 

ToRR£Y Touch Keyboard 


These may be enumerated as follows : 
First, grace of action, which comes from exercising all 
of our members in a natural manner ; secondly, accuracy 
of writing, which is the consequence of a more complete 
command of the keyboard by that action of the hands 
which makes them brood over the keys, and has little 
lateral movement in the plane of the keyboard ; and 
third, speed equaling that acquired by any other 
method, and. moreover, this satisfactory degree of 
speed is attained by much less practice than is necessary 
under the conditions we have criticised. 

The time required for a person of fair ability to ac- 
quire a good style of AH finger procedure would be 
about one month, practicing two hours a day, and not a 
little speed would be the outcome of such a course. It 
must be regretfully said, however, that the ordinary 
keyboard is not entirely favorable to Touch writing, ai^d 
its form rather works against an immediate approach to 
this style of operating. There are too many keys in a 
row, and too many rows or banks. This necessitates too 
many exceptions, etc., but I am confident that as time 
passes there will be improvements in keyboards, and it 
is certainly creditable to promoters of the All-finger 
method that so good a system has been devised in the 
face of such obstacles as the machine makers have pre- 

I now pass to Touch writing, which i3 a natural devel- 
opment from All-finger procedure. I lay claim to nave 
coined this word Touch, which freely translated stands 
for typewriting looking wholly or considerably off the 
keys. There are different ways of attaining skill in 
Touch typewriting, but briefly stated the whole strength 
of it lies in the maintenance of hand position. Different 
Touch writers accomplish this in different ways. I may 
without egotism say that my method of procedure is to 
secure a partial hand anchorage by means of the little 
fingers, giving them a more or less fixed location upon 
the outside letters A and P. The other letters reach 
for the keys, moving inward from this more or less fixed 
position of the little fingers. 

The question is sometimes asked how long it will take 
a student to acquire Touch writing, and my reply would 
be that it can be done by a bright student in one to 
two months, practicing from one to two hours a day. 
This means typewriting looking off the keyboard by the 
employment of the AU-finger method, which is a method 
without tricks or appliances, but simply writing with 
all the fingers according to rational principles applied to 
hand position. But this must be under the strict super- 
vision of a competent teacher, because human nature is 
weak, and in order to reach special results in All-finger 
typewriting there should be no side excursions or back- 

The advantages of Touch writing are numerous, and 
I happen upon a new one about every day. The more 
obvious ones are harmonious hand action and the easy 
attainment of grace, accuracy, and speed. The mind 
and eyes are left free for the shorthand notes or any 
like observation. The context is kept the better in 
mind and view. There is an uninterrupted continuity 
of action which conduces to speed. The typewriter is 
made the subject of education, not of accident. Be- 
ginners say there is less fatigue than by the old way ; 
there is less chance of misspelling, and it puts the stu- 
dent in a condition for further and constant advance- 
ment, for according to the old way they are likely to go 
about so far and then stop. 

U The next development of my subject is that of a 
Touch keyboard. About a year ago 1 suggested a key- 
board for typewriters constrocted on practical lines and 
scientific principles. Briefly described, it is a keyboard 
that tits the hand ; the manual is divided into two dis- 
tinct hand groups, and there are four keys for four 
fingers in each bank, something like a musical instru- 

L.^..„..». |[^(s;;3[c^ n 

ment. The thumbs are brought into tavnrable action. 
Then again there is an arching of the keys to insure 
quick and accurate location of the letters. Hand po^i 
tion is absolutely insured by the thumb auch<'rage and 
the arching of the keys. The keyboard as a whole is 
supposed to be blank, because there is positively no 
need of looking at the letters. Incidentally there is a 
new order of letter arrangement which equalizes the 
labor of the hands. The old keyboard is left-handed to 
an alarming degree ; in fact, the left hand, besides hav- 
ing a shift for the capitals, strikes 1,500 more blows in a 
given piece of writing than the right hand. This is 
something to be deplored, when one reflects upon the 
scientific aspects of typewriting. The letter arrange- 
ment which I propose shows only lOu more strokes for 
the right baud than the left ; besides which, the vowels, 
liquids and coalescents are in favorable position for easy 
attack and for memorization. The miscellaneous char 
acters are in suggestive association with adjacent ma- 
terial, and the All-finger style is actually compelled by 
reason of the obvious physiological and scientific ad- 

And yet I have no designs on the standard keyboard. 
Speaking from the scientific point of view I cannot hurt 
it, because you know there is sometimes a condition one 
cannot spoil. From a business point of view I do not 
want to hurt it, as 1 believe there are enough operators 
in the country who are thinkers and will consider them- 
selves not recreant to their trust when looking to my 
arrangement, and after they take it on they will like it 
for the very reasons that make the keyboard now most 
in vogue utterly unioteresting to a reasonable animal. 
A Touch keyboard willoccupy a niche of its own. There 
are no points of comparison between it and the old, for 
it is constructed in conformity with anatomical and 
scientific tendencies, while the old keyboard has none 
of them. 

Open Court. 

Hive is a chance for the iiuiH with a grievance, or 
file man with a hohhy, or the man with a sharp 
point to puncture some other man's hobby—Just 
so he writes under his own responsible name, is 
not long-winded, and avoids personalities. The 
Journal is not responsible for views expressed. 
Now Jire away ! 

As to Search°lights. 

To THE Editor of The Pknman's Art Journal : 

in a kind personal letter to me, written by Dr. 
Rowe, and published in your December issue, allusion \» 
made to my " perversion of a phrase " used as the trade 
mark of "some of our publications." With all of Dr 
Rowe's keen sense of the logical fitness of things I leel 
sure that he is the one who has perverted the phrase. 
This is it: " Let the Search-light of Practice illuminate 
the dark places of Theory." In the first place, there 
are no " dark places" in Theory, unless some bungler 
has put them there, and next, it is the fine office of 
"Theory," which is merely a statement of the prin- 
ciples which govern action, to illuminate the practice 
which it foreshadows and prescribes. Even a school 
boy can see this. No. Dr. Rowe's trade-mark " phrase " 
is stated wrong end foremost. He should change it to 
" Let the Search-light of Theory make Practice easy," 
and then he will have no farther occasion to write Open 
Letters. S. S. Packard. 

New York: 

Youthful School Proprietors. 

Penman'3 Art Journal: 

1 was somewhat interested in the query of Mr. Turner 
as to who is the youngest Business College proprietor in 
the United States; for it seemed to me that I might bf 
called one of the youngsters. At the age of J!> 1 begatj 
teaching, and at the age of 31 became sole proprietor of 
this school. My hair is not yet streaked with gray, 
though 1 have reached the extreme old age of two and 
twenty. It would be interesting to see a list of those 
who are under 2-> with the respective ages of each. 

A. C. IvKS. 

Northern Bu*. School, Watertown, N. Y. 

^~ \^^nman^ Q^^UtoMoAAa^ 

" Shorthaod io General and Special Education" was 
presented by A. J. Barnes, St. Jjouis. He turned atten- 
tion to its power in concentrating thought, developing 
thiakiog power and awakening the mind. The subject 
was discussed by Charles M. Miller, who drew attention 
to its necessity in any scheme of culture, and by H. G. 
Healey, who dwelt upon its great practical value. 

It'ednesdajf, Dec. ?W. 

" Aims of the Federation " was presented by Chas. M. 
Miller. This paper was prepared for the shorthand sec- 
tion. It treated of the development of the individual 
through association, of his position in an educatiooal 
fraternity and the results to him of a wider knowledge 
of what his world is doing. It was discussed by J. E. 
King, A. J. Barnes, D. L. Museelman, Geo. W. Brown, 
Jr., W. E. Caldwell. 

*' What the Public Has a Right to Expect of Us " was 
treated by S. S. Packard, who contended for a greater 
development of the fundamental basis of business 
schools ; tolerance of ideas and methods, the keeping of 
business promises, and that teachers should solidly 
stand for the fact they represent. 

" English in Business Education " was ably treated by 
H. B. Brown of Valparaiso, Ind., who advised all school 

and business aptitude of amauenses, and advocated 
higher standard of fitness for stenographic study and a 
broader intellectual development. They were received 
with pleasure, and the thanks of the convention ex- 
tended for them. 

"Expert Testimony in the Fair Will Contest" was 
treated by Daniel T. Ames, and was listened to with 
great interest. Mr. Ames gave profuse illustrations 
of the work and efforts of the forger, and showed how 
simulated handwriting may be detected from natural 

"School Advertising," by William J. Kinsley, editor 
of The Penman's Art Journal, surveyed the field of 
school advertising and gave examples of beneficial 
efforts in this direction. He counseled better and more 
careful thought to the dignified position it ought to 
secure for a school. Marked attention was given to its 

"Study of Commercial Geography,'* by J. P. Byrne, 
Peirce School, Philadelphia, treated of the future devel- 
opment of courses, the necessity of broader culture and 
the place of geography in business. The paper outlined 
distinct courses of such study, closing with a plea for 
definite teaching of the commercial history and condi 
tions of the United States. 

" Rapid and Accurate Accounting " was discussed by 
C. C. Cochran, who was followed byN. L. Richmond and 
A. W. Dudley, all of whom illustrated methods of hand- 
ling the mathematics of accounts. 

*' Commercial Work in High Schools " was discussed 
by D. W. Springer, who reviewed its development in 
the public school system, and by W. O. Stevenson, who 
upheld the principles of commercial training as being 
applicable to any scheme of instruction. 
"Business Forms" was presented by W. F, Giesseman, 
who explained the methods used by him. He was fol- 
lowed by W. S. Osborn, who placed the busiuoss form as 
the ba«i3 of accounts and counseled accuracy in its 

" Commercial Arithmetic " was the topic handled by 
F. B. Virden, who detailed his methods in accomplishing 
good results. 

"Business Education for Women " was an admirable 
paper presented by Miss Clara A. Pope, who dwelt upon 
the position and place of women in business and its de- 
mands upon them. 
D. M. Lord, of Lord & Thomas, Chicago, gave the 
benefit of his many years and wide expe- 
rience in business, and the demands and 
necessities of young bueiness men and wo- 
men. His remarks were practical and full 
of wisdom. 

" Bueiness Practice" was treated by C. 
W. Benton, who detailed the plan of ad- 
vancing students on a course of training. 
Enos Spencer followed wilh a plea fur 
more teaching of business as it is done. 

"Relation of Bookkeeping to Other 
Studies of the Commercial Course," by G. 
W. Miner, was read by President J. E. 
King. It dwelt upon the necessity of at- 
tention to collateral branches to make suc- 
cess, and that all teaching should formu- 
late habits of true men. 


"The Bueiness College Equipment," by 
S. P. Goodyear, detailed those conditions 
and aids which should be thrown around 
the student. Discussed by Enos Spencer 
and E. C. Abell. 

"Methods of Teaching Bookkeeping" 
was presented in a paper by A. L. Gilbert. 
It cmnseled simplicity in treatment of ac- 
counts. He was followed by G. E. Nettle- 
ton, Enos Spencer, W. C. Stevenson, E. W. 
King, C. C. Marshall. 

"Business Writing: What it Is and How 
to Teach It " was an admirable address by 
1. W. Pierson, who described those practi- 
cal aids and methods which should be 
thrown around every student. He coun- 
seled assistance from every teacher of col- 
lateral branches. 
f^JNew oSicers elected as given above. 

Public School Writing and Draw- 
ing Teachers' Association. 


teachers to get a business training. He saw two sides 
of language, science and art. Art taught the students 
the thinking power, and developed their ideas to clear 
and ideal expression. Science taught the technical ap- 
plication of words. He counseled attention to develop- 
ment of thought as rational. 

The paper was discussed by Charles M. Miller, who 
'^^ouaBeled development of the language or vocabulary of 
IJusinesB out of the fabric of every day life. Carl C. Mar- 
shall agreed with Mr. Miller, but would make corre- 
spondence the center of a business vocabulary. O. M. 
Powers indorsed the views of Mr. Brown, aad favored 
the development of expression by parliamentary prac- 
tice. The subject was further discussed by W. C. 
Stevenson and R. C. Spencer. 

The discrimination against business schools by the pro- 
posed postal laws was next presented by Carl C. Mar- 
shall. Messrs. W. N. Ferris, J. W. Warr, R. C. Spencer, 
^'arl C. Marshall and Enos Spencer were appointed a 
committee to devise means for the defeat of the pro- 
posed amendment. 

Thursday, Dec. 30. 

"What the Stenographer Should Be Capable of 
Doing ^' was treated by Frederick W. Boake, of Mont- 
gomery, Ward & Co., Chicago. " Points that Should Be 
^oaphaaized in the Training of the Amanuensis," by C. 
a. Dodge, of Reid, Mnrdock & Co., Chicago. Both of 
these papers dwelt upon the lack of English preparation 

After lengthy discussion it was decided to change the 
name of the Federation of Educational Associations to 
Commercial Teachers' Association. 

The invitation of Mr. O. M. Powers to hold the next 
convention at the rooms of the Metropolitan Business 
College, Chicago, during holiday week, 1808, was ac- 

New officers for the ensuing year were chosen, as 
given in paragraph at the head of this report. 

Business Teachers* Association. 

Ma nil a f,. 

"Business Correspondeoce and Spelling*' was dis- 
cussed by W. F. Cad well, who treated them as part of a 
distinct language course. 

" Commercial Law : Its Place and 
Purpose in the Commercial Course " 
was presented in an admirable pa- 
i per by E. W. Spencer, and ably dis- 
cussed by J. A. Lyons, Chicago, who 
outlined the definite objects of its 
several parts, 

" Established Rules and Customs 

of Business ' was discussed by H. 

M. Rowe, who pointed out those 

_ agencies which dominate businesR 

Teachers' Associa- ^^^ which should control commercial 

tion. training. 

The meeting was called to order by the 
president, Mrs. M. E. Swayze, followed by 
a few appropriate remarks from her. The 
secretary's report was then read by Miss Waller. 

The first number on the programme was " How I Cor- 
relate the Writing Lessons with Other Studies," by W. 
C. Stevenson, of Emporia, Kansas. 
I 1 He presented in a very interesting 

I .^F"^ [ '^^y ^^^ manner of correlating the 
I ^^^ A I writing with the grammar, geography. 
I '^HPM^Bv ( ^P^^''"S ^°d other studies, and tried 
I V^lw^Hh J ^'^ have the pupils apply the instruc- 
I " -^^^P i ^'°° t^^y received during writing 
(^^2^t period to all wcrk done by them. This 

I^^^^^H^^^I paper provoked considerable discus- 
t^^^^^--~^5E} siun. Thoseparticipatiug were Messrs. 
t — '-.. '^I^.^'-',!;! — 1 Peirce. Spencer, Hiser and Summers 
and Miss Waller. Mr. Peirce made 
the a'^sertion that the special teacher 
who did not demand two-thirds as 
good work as that done during the 
writing period should not be allowed 
to teach. 
"Observations with Reference to Movement in All 
Written Work." by W. S. Hiser, Supvr., Richmond, 
Ind., followed In treating this subject Mr. Hiser, from 
hie own experience, claims that up to the fifth year he 
has been unable to secure much movement, and also 
claims that we should put forth more practical work and 
not 80 much theory. 

Those taking part in the discussion that followed were 
Messrs. Summers, Peirce, Webb and Champlin. Some 

. Public Schoo 

Mng Teach- 


of the teachers present introduce movement as soon as a 
child enters school. Miss Emens, from Lockport. N. Y., 
showed in a very interesting mnnner how she did this. 

" How I Correlate the Writing Lessons with Other 
Work and How I Secure Movement in This Work " fol- 
lowed as a general discassion, participated in by all mem- 
bers present. Mr. Spencer thought that too much corre- 
lating with this subject might cause the real results 
expected to fall short, Mr. Peirce claims that excess in 
movement drills are not to be Indulged in, as they ruin 
good writing. 

Messrs, Utterback, Summers and Webb and Miss Ney 
and othf rs made some remarks along this line. 

In the evening the association listened to a most excel- 
lent address by its worthy president, Mre. M. E. Swayze. 
" Some Observations on Primary Work," by Miss Cora 
M. Ney. This was a meet interesting paper. Miss Ney 
aims to make the means of teaming to write simple. 
Makes pupils independent of script letters as soon as 
possible. The penmanship teacher must be enthusiastic 
and must co-operate with regular teacher. Must be 
original. Must develop the mind. Close observation is 
the essential in primary work. Miss Ney uses pen and 
ink in the tirst year. 

Messrs. Champlin, Snmmers, Webb and Mrs. Swayze 
led in the discussion that followed. 

The next subject was "Simplified Writing," by A. C. 
Wel)b, of Naehville, Teun. This paper created a great 
deal of interest. Mr. W. believes that capital letters are 
ton large and that the time is not far distant when the 
writing will be very much Mmplified, and that capital 
letters will be twice as high as small letters. That speed 
and legibility will be increased by shortening all letters 
and les'sening slant. Thinks that the vertical tidal wave 
will do us good. The strong point in favor of vertical 
writing is its simplification. The discussion that followed 
was an interesting one. 

"The Supremacy of the Digits" was next presented 
by Chnndler H. Peirce, of Evansville, Ind., in a very 
convincing and interesting manner. Mr. Peirce claims 
that the digits are the groundwork of a grand super- 
structure. One-half the record of banks, insurance offices 
and railroads is made up of characters called figures. 
Mr. Peirce believes that figures should be taught before 
letters, and gives fifteen reasons for so doing. 

Here is the report as given by the committee appointed 
to examine the Public School penmanship exhibit : 

We, the undersigned committee appointed to examine 
the Public School penmanship exhibit, report the follow- 
ing : In the slant system tbe schools of Charles City, lu., 
L. Vio'a Waller, instructor, stood first: those of Latay- 
ette, Ind , J. H. Bachtenkircher. instructor, second ; and 
the schools of Cincinnati, O , H. Champlin, instructor, 
third. We took into account the following points : 1st, 
movement ; 'iUd, form : 3rd, general effect. 

In the vertical style the schools of Grand Haven, Mich., 
Mrs. M. E. Swage, instructor, first ; Benton Harbor, 
Mich , second. The Evansville. Ind , schools. Chandler 
H. Peirce, instructor, are first in figure making. 

\ A. C. Webb, Nashville, Tenn. 
Committee :^ W. H. Carrier, Adrian, Mich. 
( J. W. McCaslin, Chicago. 

It was moved and seconded that it is the sense ot the 
Public School Writing and Drawing Section that this 
section and the Western Penmen's Section shall next 
year fuse their programmes equally, each section retain- 
mg its own identity, its own officers and Executive Com- 
mittee. This WHS carried. A motion was then made 
that a vote of thanks be tendered to the Chicago Busiuees 
College thanking them for the use of rooms, and that a 
vote of thanks be tendered to the president, secretary 
and chairman of Executive Committee. 

L. Viola Waller, Sec. 

Western Penmen's Association. 

The editor's luknowledgments for assistance in this reiiort 
are due to \V. F. Uiesseman. Des Moines. la., and J. 0. Olson. 
Stanberry. Mo, 

Monday Afternoon, Dec. 97, 1897. 

The association was called to order at two o'clock by 
Vice-President J. F. Fish of Chicago, in the absence of 

^ President G. W. Hftrman. J, C. Olson 

of Stanberry, Mo., iu the absence of 
Secretary J. W. McCaslin, wai elected 
secretary pro tern. Mr. McCaslm put 
in appearance later and occupied the 
position during the remaining days of 
the meeting. 

After a few remarks by Vice-President 
Fish the organization of the association 
Pros. Westprii ^^'J*** proceeded with. 

Penmen's The first paper on the programme, 

Assoi'iation. "The Speed Essential in Business Pen 
mansbip at the Present Day," by W 
F. Giessemauj of Des Moines, la., was presented in Mr 
Giesseman's thoroughly practical and masterly style. 
Mr. Giessemau makes a study of any subject he discusses 
and his manner ot presenting this brought out a lively 
discussion, participated iu by Messrs. Hinman. Steven 
son, Nettleton, Faust, Craudle and Pierson. 

The next subject, "Excessive Movement Practice,' 



by C. N. Crandle, of the Chicago Athenseum, was ex- 
ceedingly interesting. Mr. Crandle is opposed to 
many movement exercises, and thinks the pupil's and 
teacher's time could be put in to better advantage in 
working on direct applications of letters, words, etc. Mr. 
Crandle is a thinker and worker, and knows how to pre- 
sent a subject, Messrs. Hinman, Stevenson, Faust and 
Giesseman took part in the discussion. 
The forenoon was given up to the general meeting with 
the Federation. In the afternoon the first talk of the 
programme vpas an otfhand one by H. B. Lehman of 
Northern Ind. Normal School, Valparaiso. Ind., on "Or- 
namental Penmanship." Although Mr. Lehman had but 
five minutes' notice he filled up the gap iu the programme 
most acceptably, and did some beautiful ornamental 
writing on the blackboard. Mr. Lehman believes in 
studying penmanship from an artistic standpoint, and 
thinks that all lines should be crossed at right angles. 
He also believes that most penmen, and students es- 
pecially, use too many lines in ornamental penmanship, 
particularly in signatures. LTpon the request of various 
members of the association Mr. Lehman wrote the signa- 
tures of P. R. Spencer, W. J. Kinsley, his own, and 
others. Those taking part in the discussion were Messrs. 
Luckey, Crandle, Olson. Nettleton, Kinsley. 

" Movement Exercises " was the topic handled by A. 
H. Hinman, Worcester, Mass. Mr. Hinman believes 
that many penmen are running to seed in the matter of 
movement exercises, and he is particularly opposed to 
direct and indirect and spiral ovuls as given by prac- 
tically a'l teachers of penmanship. He advocates the 
egg-shaped lateral ovals for movement exercises, and 
claims that practically all ovals in letters are built from 
the lateral egg-shaped oval. Mr. Hinman gave scores of 
hasty but beautiful illustrations on the blackboard em- 
phasizing his points. Two very artistic and beautifully 
executed crayon designs were put on the blackboard by 
Mr. Hinman at other times, and were much admired by 
association members and visitors. Mi'. Hinman's skill 
on the blackboard is well known. The discussion, par- 
ticipated in by Messrs. Luckey, McCaslin, Olson, Kinsley, 
Pierson, Potter, Fish and Freed, brought out the fact 
that the majority were opposed to Mr. Hinman's claim 
that all letters could he best made from lateral oval exer- 
cises. Lack of time prevented a longer discussion of this 
interesting topic. 

" Figures " was the subject handled by J. F. Fish, Met- 
ropolitan B. C, Chicago. Mr. Fish is one of onr best 
business writers, and is not only able to write good busi- 
ness figures at a high rate of speed, but is also able to 
teach the students to follow his example. His talk was 
replete with good points for teachers and students and 
was greatly enjoyed. Mr. Fish by his kindness and cour- 
tesy made friends of all, and received a just reward by 
being made president of the association later on. Those 
participating in the discussion on Mr. Fish's remarks 
were Messrs. Olson, Potter, Giesseman, Luckey, Freed, 
Wright, Pierson, Faust. 

The rest of the proceedings of the Western Penmen's 
Association were held in conjunction with the Public 
School Section, a combined report being printed below. 

Western Penmen's Association and Public 
5chool Writing and Drawing Teachers* 
Association, Consolidated. 

Wvaucsilaij, I>»c. 29. 

On Wednesday morning a motion was introduced and 
carried in the Western Penmen's Association to consoli- 
date the association with the Public School Writing and 
Drawing Teachers' Association for the balance of the meet- 
ing. Messrs. Faust, Crandle and Quintal were appointed a 
committee to bring about the consolidation. The same 
motion was made in the Public School Writing and 
Drawing Teachers' Association and carried. After the 
two associations were consolidated the following pro- 
gramme was rendered : 

The shorthand association was invited to join the two 
penmen's associations to listen to a pajier by H. G. 
Healey, Cedar Rapids, la., on the subject, "Should Mus- 
cular Movement Writing Be Taught to Shorthand 
Pupils." Last year Mr. Healey thought it should not. 
This year he thinks it should, and thinks that good re- 
sults can be obtained iu shorthand writing with the fore 
arm movement. There can be no f|uestion that good re- 
sults are obtained iu longhand, and the photo-engraved 
specimens of longhand writing from pupils of the Cedar 
Rapids Bus Coll. that Mr. Healey had placed on the 
members' desks emphasized this point. It would have 
been cf more benefit to the teachers of shorthand (and 
to teachers of longhand, for that matter) to have had 
specimens of high speed shorthand notes photo engraved. 
The question is not whether good business longhand can 
be produced with forearm movement, but whether short- 
hand students can acquire the greatest speed and main- 
tain it with this movement. There seems to l)e a radical 
difference of opinion among shorthand teachers on this 
point, and until they settle it we don't see how they can 
expect the teachers of_ longhand to take the matter up. 

We think the teachers of longhand writing are ready at 
any time the shorthanders can agree among themselves 
as to what is the correct method of teaching, to teach 
that way. Those taking part in the discussion were 
Messrs. Brown, Stevenson, Olson, Lyons, Ames, Miller, 
Cochran, Mosher, Giesseman, Durand. 

J. M. Gaspard, an artist on the Chicago Intcr-Oceati. 
gave a very interesting talk on newspaper illustrating. 
Mr. Gaspard had a large number of original pen draw- 
ings, which were distributed among the members for 
inspection. He explained the method pursued in the 
large newspaper offices from the originating of the idea 
to the engraving and printing of the design. This 
speaker was given a vote of thanks. 

The next paper was " The Writing ot the Future." a 
very interesting paper by C. P. Zauer, who, being unable 
to be present, appointed W. H. Carrier of Adrian, Mich., 
to read it. Mr. Zaner says that more writing is done at 
the present time with a pen than has been done at any 
previous time. Typewriting has not changed this fact. 
Writing of the future will be more legible, more i^impli- 
fied, less theory will be indulged in. The idea of one 
particular slant will be relegated to the past. Loops 
will he made small ; capitals small. The future of writ- 
ing is what we make it. In the short discussion that fol- 
lowed Mr. Lyon claimed that in shortening loops we 
would be more subject to writer's cramp. 

"Lessons on Short Letters," by W. F. Lyon. Mr. 
Lyon gave a practical lesson showing each step. He 
uses staff-ruled paper and lead pencil tor beginners, and 
uses ruled paper to the seventh grade. Mr. Lyon was 
one of the first supervisors to teach the simplified style, 
and is one of the most successful public school supervisors 
of the present day. 

A paper upon " Typewriting and Vertical Writing iu 
the Public Schools of Chicago," by W. E. Watt, principal 
Graham School of Chicago, was read by O. J. Milliken. 
Mr. Watt claims that legibility was one point in favor of 
the vertical, and that it can be written as rapidly as slant. 
Following this was a paper on " Vertical Writing in 
the Public Schools of Chicago," by O. J. Milliken, Prin. 
of Fallon School, Chicago Mr. Milliken had with him 
work from all grades in the vertical style. A lively dis- 
cussion followed. Ml'. Webb believes that the time is not 
far distant when we will have no one fixed slant. Those 
taking part is the discussion were Messrs. feummere, 
Webb, Lyon, Hinman, Ames, Spencer, Champlin, Mussel 
man and Crandle, Miss Waller and Mre. Swayze. 

" Copy Books Condemned," by A. N. Palmer, of Cedar 
Rapids. Mr. Palmer claims that the three essentials tu 
good writing are legibility, speed and endurance. Copy 
books meet the first, but not second and third. Copy 
books cannot make good business writers. Believes in 
banishing copy books. Mr. Stevenson thinks they have 
had their day. Mr. Hinman thinks they have their 

The next number on the programme was " Blackboard 
Illustrative Drawing," by Miss L. Viola Waller, A. C. 
Webb and H. Champlin. No discussion. 
"Short Paper and Lesson in Penmanship," by J. H. 
Bachtenkircher, was the first number on the programme. 
Uses practice paper in envelopes so as to force a change 
of position often. Believes in the application of writing 
lesson to the general lessons. Those taking part in the 
discussion were Messrs. Peirce, Lyon, Bussard and Ames, 

An Optical Illusion. 

""f^e/unoA^ Q^Tkl/Qj^tUAaj^ 

J/jJiJ rr Jr/j/////r r/y/zr. 


' Wuca^^ 


Robert C. Spencer gave a very interesting paper ou 
"Style of Writing as Affected by Formation, Combina- 
tion, Spacing, Position, Length of Letters, Shading and 
ArraDgement." The subject explains the trend of his 
paper, which was a most interesting one. 

New officers for both sections were elected, as given 

Shorthand Teachers' Association. 

due W. J. Durand of the Illinois 
jaking this report.] 

The real business of this association did not begin 
until Tuesday afternoon, December 2.S. At two o'clock 
on Monday, according to the programme, President 
Isaac S. Dement received and welcomed 
the members of his section to the meet- 
ing and to the City of Chicago. At the 
meeting of the combined body in the 
^ ^j^ evening he read his annual address, 

^■^y^ which was well received, holding up as 
^^* his model the highest character that 

w. R, SMITH, can be conceived by man. 
E^®^- Shorthand At the morning session of the com- 
"■ bined body on Tuesday, December 2f?, 
Arthur J. Barnes of St. Louis presented his views re- 
garding shorthand as related to general and special edu- 
cation, taking the ground that the person whose mind 
bas been thoroughly drilled in the science of shorthand 
is better prepared for any line of education that might 
ba adopted by such a person in the future. He was 
followed by Chas. M. Miller of New York, who cited 
several examples of persons having graduated from the 
New York School and entered at once a large univer- 
sity, or medical or law college, who made -far better 
progress and graduated with higher honors than they 
would have done without the mental training that the 
study of shorthand had given them. Remarks were 
made in the same direction by Robert C. Spencer of 

la the afternoon of December 28 George M. Guest of 
Milwaukee presented a paper.entitled ** Class Instruction 
IS. Individual Instruction," that was very well received 
and fully discussed. He took the ground that ehorthand 
should be presented to students individually as far as 
possible, and that the learners should be encouraged to 
talk about the subject, in order to acquire as soon as 
possible the mental trend and general capacity of the 
person. He believed in general reviews of the princi- 
ples from time to time, and this, he said, could be ^uat 
^ well done in groups of ten to twenty ; but the main 
point was that the first instruction on any new principle 
involved should be personal and individual. The discus- 
sion was participated in by Messrs. Miller, Healey, 
Stephens, Tmus, Dement, Mosher, Cochran, Smith, 
Barnes, Mrs. Ritner, and others. At three o'clock a 
paper on "Details," by J. A. Stephens, was read by 
Miss Jessie Murphy and discussed by Mrs. Dement and 

Tuesday evening a geneial reception and social of the 
Federation was held at the Chicago Business College 
rooms, which resulted in an inspection of the school 
work taken to Chicago for exhibition purposes, the 
schools having taken such work being the Packard Busi- 
ness College of New York, that had a very full display 
of work ; the Brown Business Colleges Company of 
Illinois ; the Powers Business College of Chicago, and 


Wednesday morning the shorthand section discussed 
a paper by Mrs, Ritner of St. Louis, entitled "The 
Obstacles That We Meet, and How Should We Over- 
come Them ? " In the discussion that followed it was 
pretty generally admitted that the greatest obstacle 
met was the non-preparation and the increasing youth- 
fulness of the applicants, although the point was well 
taken that because a person is not well qualified when 
he comes to studying shorthand is no good reason why 
he should be turned down, and discouraged, perhaps, in 
his efforts for higher cultivation. Messrs. Barnes, Miller, 
Guest, Smith, Durand and Kennedy were prominent in 
this discussion. 

The meeting voted to accept au invitation from the 
Western Penmen's Association to attend their conven- 
tion to hear a paper read by Mr. Healey. The paper 
proved to be of great interest. 

A discussion arose about the use of the pencil and pen. 
Upon a vote taken it was found that about one-fourth 
of the members used the pencil exclusively in teaching 
shorthand, one-fourth used pens exclusively, and the 
other half used both. 

The various sections were invited to hear a paper by 
Chas. M. Miller, on " The Aims of the Federation as Re- 
lated to Its Blembers," This paper had been prepared 
for presentation to the shorthand section, was deemed 
of sufficient importance by the Executive Committee of 
the federated body to present it to the General Assem- 
bly, consequently an amalgamation of the several bodies 
was made and the paper presented. The paper was 
thoroughly discussed and well endorsed by J, E. King, 
C. C. Marshall, J. P. Byrne and R. C. Spencer. 

Discussion on the question, *' How Much Dictation 
Should a Student Receive?" Opened by Miss Jennie 
C. Pratt, Decatur, III, followed by Messrs. Norcross, 
Healy, Brown, Kennedy, Mosher, Smith, and Ruetz. 

Discussion on the question, *' Should Shorthand 
Schools require an entrance examination?" Led by 
F. M. Van Antwerji, Louisville, Ky., followed by Messrs. 
Smith, Brown, Tinusj, Mosher, Barnes, Durand, Healy, 
Jones, and White. 

^ Discussion on the question, *' Who should teach Short- 
hand." Led by J. A. White, Burbngton, la. Discussion 
by Messrs. Tinue, Barnes and White. 


Paper : " A Comprehensive Knowedge of Shorthand 
Principles," by W. I. Tiaus, Chicago. Discussion by 
Messrs. Mosher, Weber, Smith, and Tinus. 


Discussion : " Does the subject of Typewriting re- 
ceive the attention it should in oar Shorthand Schools ? ' 
Led by Mr. Smith, followed by Messrs. Barnes, Brown, 
Tinus Healy, Norcross, Mosher, Briner, Mrs. Eitner, 
Mrs. Cutler, Miss North, and Miss Cameron : Mr. Miller 
of New York described in detail the typewriting course 
as pursued in the Packard College of New York. Mr. 
Mosher and Mrs. Cutler described very fully the method 
employed in Dement's College, Chicago 

The papers to be read being of interest to all sections 
of the Federation, the meeting was held in the room of 
the general session, and members of the other sections 

Paper : " What the OfBce Stenographer Should Know 
and be Capable of Doing," by Frederick W. Boake, with 
Montgomery. Ward & Co., Chicago, 111. 

Paper : •• Points That Should be Emphasized In the 
Training of the Amanuensis," by O. H. Dodge, with 
Read, Murdock .t Co., Chicago, 111. 

A vote of thanks was tendered to Messrs. Boake and 
Dodge, and in the same motion each was requested to 
deliver their papers to the Association for such use as 
the Association might make of them. 

The Illustrated Fhonograjihic Wiirld was made the 
official organ of this Association, and H. G. Healy, of 
Cedar Rapids, la., was made editor in chief of the 
World's department devoted to the Association. 

The Association voted to establish a department of 
certification to examine, certify and recommend as 
teachers all who pass the requirements of that commit- 
tee. A committee consisting of the new Executive Com- 
mittee was appointed to draft rules and regulations for 
such examinations. 

New officers were chosen as given in the beginning of 
this report. 


— It is now " Commercial Teachers' Federation." 

— The old misleading name of " Federation of Educa- 
tional Associations" was dropped after a spirited de- 
bate. The Chicago Timrsllenild in an editorial criti- 
cised this name, and justly. No one could be found to 
defend it, although many objected to the name fi- 
nally adopted because (they claimed) all members were 
not commercial teachers in the strictest sense. The 
new name, as suggested by Mr. Kinsley, Commercial 
Teachers' Federation, was considered to be the shortest 
and best, even it it did not make mention of the public 
school section. 

— Considerable feeling was aroused among members 
of Public School Writing and Drawing Association be- 
cause they were ignored in the new name. There was 
open talk of secession from federated body. On the 
other hand, the federation members in general felt that 
the old name made them sail under false colors, and be- 
sides was too long. They said that while they regretted 
that the public school people could not be specifically 
mentioned in the name, yet they felt that a short ex- 
pressive name must be chosen. 

— The flash light photograph, taken as it was in a 
crowded room, without any special announcement or 
preparations, with but part of the members present, 
was not a complete success. 

— The slight changes made in the constitution will 
make the business of the federation (especially in the 
election of officers) move smoother. 

— It was necessary to take up a collection of eighty 
dollars to pay balance due tor printing and stationery. 
Many members expressed themselves as thinking that 
so much printed matter was unnecessary. The advance 
programme was handsome, but the same information 
appeared in The Journal and Wcstrni I 'enman -weeks 
before the programmes were out. 

— After a little caucusing a resolution was introduced 
in the federation to appoint a special committee to look 
after the interests of private schools in connection with 
the Loud postal bill. 

— A proposed amendment to the constitution chang- 
ing annual dues from .SI to S'- was voted down. 

— Much time was lost by not beginning on time, by 
not sticking to the text in discussions, and by apologiz- 
ing prefaces to papers and talks. Frequent changes of 
programmes (sometimes unavoidable and other times 
not) caused much disappointment as well as loss of 

— Although there were many more than the required 
number present, there was a shortage of.twenty-ttve in 
the one hundred round trip railroad certlficates.asked 
tor by the Traflic Association, 

— The theatre party did not materialize, 

— Messrs Gondring and Virden and faculty of Chi- 
cago Bus. Coll. did everything in their newer to make it 
pleasant for all. 

— The weather was perfect, and Chicago was at her 
best— in holiday attire. 

— Next year's meeting will be with O. M. Powers ot 
Metropolitan Business College, Mr, Powers' reputation 
as host is well known, and we may look forward for an 
enjoyable time. 

— The exhibits ot typewriters, text-books, blanks, 
school supplies, specimens of writing and drawing, occu- 
pied two large and two small rooms. Scores of exibiDi- 
tors were represented by the best collection ever shown 
at these meetings. . , . v 

— Wednesday evening was devoted to a social at the 
rooms of the Chicago Bus, College. Many consider the 
social part of the federation like the last or t^ie wine, 
best of the feast." 

— Owing to some confusion in registering names of mem- 
bers in the various associations, a complete and accurate 
official list was impossible to obtain. The list primed in 
this issue of The Joubnai. is obtained Irom various 
sources and is as accurate as it could be made under the 
circumstances. If any names are omitted we trust our 
friends will take these facts into considera'iou. Where 
a name was included in each of the four difterent llsbs 
(as happened in several cases) we have printed the name 
but once. 






Sketching from Nature. 



No. 'i. 

Correct seeing must precede correct drawing. Do not 
deceive yourself and blame the hand for the faults of 
the head. The hand is usually able and willing to do 
that which the head dictates. The hand usually learns 
to perform as quickly and readily as the mind learns to 
perceive and to dictate. Therefore leani to see, and by 
that time you will have learned how to execute. 

Of course there is something to learn regarding the 
handling of the pencil, but it is very little as compared 
to the observing. . 

The main efl'ort in the beech has been to represent 
sturdiness and to reflect sunshine. It was a hot, sunny, 
summer's day, and the broad, massive, long-limbed tree 
threw a delightfully cool shadow about the base. 
Squint at the little drawing, or view it at arm's length, 
and see if it looks summery and restful. If so I have 
succeeded in representing what I endeavored to. If not, 
I have succeeded only in representing a tree, a woman, 
two benches, and a distant wooded horizon. 

In the other sketch we endeavored to rfpresent a 
thinly foliaged tree as it appeared when the sun was not 
visibly shining. 

In the pine the treatment is more vigorous and ver- 
satile. The same is somewhat stiff and symmetrical, but 
that was the fault or merit of the tree. It was truth 
that I wished to express or I should have made it more 
irregular and artistic. 

Bear constantly in mind that proportion, shape, light, 
shade, shadow, color, and detail, must be considered, and 
usually in the order named. By color is meant that the 
pine is naturally darker than the beech, and that the 
tree trunks are darker than the leaves. 

Coi)y the illustrations carefully, and then as rabidly as 
you (^an to represent them fairly. These sketches were 
made direct from nature with a soft pencil on rough 
paper in less than thirty minutes for each drawing. 

Form the habit of examining carefully the illustrations 
you see in such magazmes as TJie Century, Scribner's, 
&c., and you will soon learn to draw and to appreciate 
the drawing of others. 




Thk Journal has asked me, as a practical engrosser, 
to prepare for its columns a series of papers on Pen Let- 
tering, Designing and Engrossing -not a fanciful trea- 
tise, but something that will be genuinely helpful to pen 
workers. I shall respond to that invitation by giving 
the best 1 know how both in instruction and illustra- 

The penman of to-day is a very different sort of insti- 
tution from the penman of twenty or even ten years 
ago. The peripatetic card writer whose carpet bag was 
his home ha.s become almost a tradition. The profes- 
sional penman of to day rarely fails to find in his imme- 
diate community plenty of work to do at fair wages, pro- 
vided he knows where to look for and how to do it in an 
up-to-date way. There is hardly a writing teacher any- 
where, or a bright advanced student, who cannot sub- 
stantially increase his income by equipping himself for 
doing "pen work,'" engrossing, lettering and general 
designing for commercial purposes. 

I think 1 can be of the " most use " (to be in line with 
The Jouhnal's new shibboleth) by telling young pen- 
men just how I do things and showing .them just what 

I do. That is, 1 mean to " talk shop " 
right from the start— my shop. 


The longer one works at engrossing 
the more materials he requires. The 
following will do to begin with ; 

Some good bristol board, not too 
smooth. t India ink, or Chinese ink, 
which is much cheaper, ground in an 
ink tray. India ink put xip in bottles 
never works quite as well as that 
which is ground in an ink tray. 
Several kinds of pens are necessary, 
such as broad pointed Sohunecken, or 
turkey quills, if you can handle them 
better. Very coarse pens for fill- 
ing in bold work, also finer pens 
for delicate touches and script work. 
For the latter many use a Gillott's 
303. Some prefer a Gillott's No. I 
"Principality," and a Gillott's 60418 
also good. Practice and experience 
will soon tell you which to use. Of 
course a drawing board and T square 
are necessary, also good lead pencils. 


bard and soft, rubber?, ink t-iasers (the 
best workmen have to uee ink erasers 
occasionally), and a few camel's hair or 
sable brushes, with blotters thrown in. 
These are about all one requires to start 
off on plain pieces of engrossing. 

Laying Out Work. 

There is a great deal more in laying out 
a piece of engrossing than many suppose. 
To get the prominent lines and characters 
arranged so as to produce the best effect 
with the least ivnrk is quite a ttudy. It is 
hard to give any special directions for this 
to start with. One good way for an en- 
grosser or student is to notice every good 
piece of work that comes before him and 
study into it carefully. Advertising card^, 
letter heads, book covers, advertisements 
well displayed, posters and all such things, 
which are found everj- where, furnish 
ideas for the engrossing student. So what 
he needs is to be on the lookout for any- 
thing that will give him a point as to the 
way to make his work show up with the 
best effect. 

The beginner always has to pencil out 
his work more in detail than the one who 
has had a great deal ot practice. Some 
kinds of lettering and designing require 
more detail iu the pencil sketch than 
others. Offhand lettering, such as Ger- 
man text, Old English, Ruund haud, etc., 
is usually done without any particular 
pencil sketching; merely locating the words 
in pencil is all that is needed after one has 
become accustomed^t. .^making the letters. 

It is supposed that those who follow these instructions 
have already attained to some considerable degree of 
facility with the pen, that they are at least fairly good 
writers and have a fair conception of the forms of a few 
styles of letters that may be called standard— Old Eng- 
lish, German Text, Plain Roman and Plain Gothic let- 
tering. 1 give here only a line or two of each. They 
have been published over and over in The Journal and 
are to be found iu nearly every penmanship "Guide," 
" Copy Slips," " Compendium," etc. 

It 5ets the Pace. 

In the course of an enthusiastic letter touching our 
new writing instruction feature a friend sounds the 
warning. " Now just watch them tumble over them- 
selves to follow your lead in ' 300 Pen Lessons.' " 

Well, let them. There is a good deal of fun in doing 
these things first. The Journal has cut out the pace 
for many years, and means to keep it up. By the time its 
esteemed contemporaries " get on to its curves " in one 
particular and arrive at a certain point, The Journal 
is away up in front ! 

The Public School department or the FenmnnV 
Art .loiirnfll, iucliidiug: all features devoted to verti- 
cal H riling, has been transferred to the Xews Edition, 
leaving our new writing-instruction feature, "300 
Pen Copies," free scope in tlie Regular Edition. 
All who have subscribed for The Journal for its 
Public School features (including vertical writing) 
may have their subs, transferred for the remainder 
of their time to the News Edition without cost. A 
postal reqnest is sutTicient. Please say about when 
you subscribed and through what agent, unless the 
sub. was sent direct. 

A notiilcation of similar import to this appeared in 
Dec. Journal. I*lease attend to the transfer at_ouce, 
as we cannot afford to remail papers. 

Joyous Repartee. 

" How do you write all those funny things,? "'asked 
the sweet young thing. «__'t_^r, . 

" With a typewriter," said the humorist by|[the*'day. 

" Oh ! 1 didn't know but that you might ueesome 
sort of copying process." — Indianapolis Journal. ^^ 



<.,^nj)Uuo) (l7MJQ.^totnajO 

Automatic Lettering. 


In presenting this series of lessons to Journal read- 
ers, I will endeavor to give only that which is rapid, 
plain, and practical; consisting mostly of showcard 
work, the later lessons being devoted to lettering on 
silk ribbon lor hat and book-marks, committee ribbons, 


For the first lesson we will need a No. 4 Shading pen, 
a bottle of shading pen ink, and some practice paper. 
The latter should be an unglazed paper of fair quality, 
and those who use a cross-ruled paper will make the 
most improvement. 

This is a paper ruled into squares 7-lG of an inch in 
size, and used by all "auto" Penmen for copybook?. 
You may rule your own paper or buy already ruled. 

grees. 1 would suggest your placing a thin piece of 
transparent paper over copy, going over strokes a few 
times with an empty pen, so as to get an idea of slant, 


nl Hii 

If your pen scratches, draw it back and forth lightly 
over an oil stone with flat surface— a new one is best. 

If your ink is thick add a few drops of water. If too 
thin add a little pulverized gumarabic, stir well, and let 
stand over night to dissolve. 

Never allow iuk to dry in pen. Keep a glass with 
one-half inch water in it on your table; let pens stand in 
this. They will not rust. To clean, pass damp cloth 
between blades. 

Practice hard on this alphabet, it is prettiest and 
most important of all. We will use it next month on a 

1 request that all who follow this course will send me 
ai end of first daifs work their practice paper showing 
characters, which 1 will correct and return, pointing out 
errors and putting student on the right road. 

To the one sending in the neatest and most accurate 
work each month on entire course will be given one of 
my copy books, value $5. 

To the one making most improvement on lessons dur- 
ing whole course will be given a book worth $5. This 
gives beginners and " old hands " an equal chance. 
Offer open to every reader of Journal, except those 
advertising as " auto " Penmen. 

Procure for next lesson a No. 4 Marking pen and No. 8 
Plain pen. 

Practice ! Practice I Practice 1 

Sit facing your desk or table squarely, with line of 
writing parallel with and about 10 inches from edge of 
table. For position of pen, see cul , which is taken from 

Position and Movement for Rapid 
Business Writing. 

The great majority of those who are following the 
writing instructions given in Tbe Journal are students 
in school or recently from school. As every penmanship 
teacher worthy of the name instructs his students in 
proper position and movement at the very beginning, 
we deemed it best to omit consideration of these details 



H photo of my own hand while at work. Notice pen is 
uot held with hand in same position as in writing. Your 
hand should rest ou side, bo a quarter dollar will stand 
easily under fleshy part. 

Keep hand resting on side and you will have no diffi- 
culty in keeping pen on proper slant, which is 45 degrees. 
Fill your pen witli a toothpick, by dropping ink be- 
tween blades. 

Now take up character No. 1 and make page after 
page. Avoid curved strokes. Keep pen on same angle 
—never allow it to turn in your hand. 


Take up characters in rotation until mastered. Make 
same size as copy. After mastering principles or char- 
acters, make a page of letter Ps. When page is finished 
go back and put cross on top, making a page of Vs out 
of Vs. 

This shows you thai all under or Intrcr strokes ai-c made 
first when using ^'o. i Pen. Now make page of i's. No- 
tice that the L stroke is the first stroke made in the let- 
ters I), V, O, C, O, Q, E, and B. Add character No. 1 to 
i. and it makes letter U; No. 4 added makes D; N o. 8 
"Bakes O, etc. 

A few letters are numbered, showing order of making 

Make page after page of each capital in order given 
until mastered. Do not practice small letters until caps 
are mastered. 

Notice liow all shades are on same slant— viz., 4.5 de- 

iu our new course of "300 Graded Pen Copies." There 
are, however, quite a number who are of the class 
known as " home students, "and havenot enjoyed the ad- 
vantages of personal instruction from a skilled teacher. 
For the benefit of those we have asked Mr. Kelchner to 
give us a paper on movement and position, and the same 
is presented herewith. The illustrations are the same 
that were used with Mr. Mills' writing lessons and are 
indorsed by Mr. Kelchner. 

J'.,.<i(io.l <i( I>es/.: 

I advise and recommend the front position. Please 
notice and study carefully every detail in the illustra- 
tions. The illustrations show both front and side view. 
Pay particular attention to position at first until you 
have formed the habit of assuming an easy, natural and 
graceful position. Do not place the chair loo far under 
the desk. Sit well back in the seat of the chair and lean 
forward a little, but not so far that the body will 
touch the desk. Keep both feet flat on the floor in front 
of the chair. 


ot I 

The forearms should rest on the desk nearly at right 
angles to each other, and the right hand should come 
just a little to the right of directly in front of the body, 
just far enough out so that the elbow will not come on 
the desk. The elbow of the left forearm can be placed 
on the desk, and the fingers of the hand should be a lit- 

tle above the pen, the thumb of the hand below the pen 
or writing line. 

You should keep the fingers ot the left hand close to 
your writing, and hold the paper firmly with this hand, 
and if you use a blotter under the right hand you should 
hold the blotter with the thumb. 

Be careful that you do not support any weight on the 
right arm other than the weight of the arm itself. The 
arm should rest lightly if you wish to get a tree and 
elastic movement. Do not move the arm back in writ- 
ing down the page, but move paper from you, 
rusilliin of I'ti/ier. 

Place the paper on the desk so that by assuming the 
position of the right forearm the pen will come at the 
left side at the top of paper, and the arm will come in 
the center at the lower edge. Move paper to the left, 
but do not raise the arm and move it more than once in 
writing across the page. 


Place the holder between Ihe thumb, first and second 
fingers. Let the holder cross second finger at about the 
root of the nail. Bend first finger a little at second 
joint, and thumb considerable at first joint. Let the 
holder rest in the hand where it is the easiest. Bend 
the third and fourth fingers well under the hand. 

Never throw the hand over on the side so far that the 
little finger will touch on the paper back of the first 

The third and fourth Angers where they touch the 
paper should glide and go in the same direction as the 
pen in all arm movement work. There is no bettor way 
to tell if you are using the arm movement than by 
watching these gliding fingers. Keep this in mind, and 
make them ,glide. Do not let the hand at wrist touch 
the paper. Hold the penholder firmly in the baud, but 
do not grip and hold so tight that it will tire you, 


Let the forearm just forward ot tbe elbow rest 
liehtlv on the desk. The muscular portion of the tore- 
anu will move as on a pivot. This action ot the muscles 
ot the arm is what we called Muscular Movement In 
writing with this movement the sleeve does not shde on 
the desk The arm moves in the same direction at the 
end of the sleeve as the lines you make with the pen. 

A Subscription of Voting Age. 

Dear JoiTRNAL: Inclosed find mv dollar for renewal 
(accompanying a club at the clubbing rate), this 
makes me of age as a subscriber, having taken it con- 
tinuously since it was first published in 18...— i>. B. 
Lawsov, a lentcood Springs. Colo. 

How many people can boast ot having taken one paper 
continuously for twenty-one years ': We believe there 
are a number of such on The Journal's subscription 
books. We should like to hear from others whose sub- 
scriptions like Brother Lawson's are old enough to vote. 



* i 

J Over \W) ncll-kiionn Icncliers liiive sent sti-ong expressions of apprornl of " SOO Pen Copies J 

» within tlic past inuutli. A portrait i;roiip of 21(> of tlicni appears on tlic title paire of tliis issue. * 

i Thuugli boiled down to a few words eacli, the reeoniniendntioiis ne already liave in type, together witli * 

\ cut ^Itrnatiires, would IIII over six pages of THE JOl'RNAL. We expect to give a page or two of the J 

fsiKiiatiircs next niontli. Now is tlie time to get your Seraphoolc started. Save the big portrait group * 

for 1 bat purpose. ' § 
****«**»;:;:■•: %%%% ************ %%%%%%%*%%%ii.%%x%%%%%%%%i>-%%%%%%%% %%%%%%%%%%%% 

Key to Portrait Group on Title Page of 
this Issue. 

I L%'iuan P Spencer. 2 H. W. FlickioKer. :i D H. Farley. 4 
F. w: H. Wiosehahi), 5 H. W. tihaylor. II H. W. Ellsworth, I R. 
8. Collins. B W H. Beacom. !l C. P. Zanev. Ill FieldinR Schn- 
Hold. U E. C. Mills, lie C. Lister. 18 J. W. Larapman. 14.1. 
~ ~ " 5 C. E. Doner, 1<J K- B. Moore, 17 L. C. Horton. 18 L. 
jrnhurgh. Ill E. A. Newcomer, :;ii J. H. Smith, ;ilj. G. 
2:;.r.P Beaean, 2.1C. H. Allard, 24 A. P. 8eBal.25C K. 
Urner. -'li C. N. Crandle, 37 E. W. Bloter, 28 B. L. Brown. 2!) 
R <i. Laird, :«! .1 U. Harnii»on, 31 E. J. Malany, 32 A. E. Mus- 
selmau. :n H. B Lehman. a4 A J. SearboroURh, 3.1 P. S. 
Harrrmn, nil A H Ro-ia. 37 H. Champlin. :)» .T B. Luckey, 30 
W. W. I'hipps. 411 W. .S. Chamberlain. 41 W. K Cook, 42 .J. W. 
Wils.,D. 4.i Mi»8 Anna M. Hall, +1 M. K. Bussard. 4.1 W B. 
Drake. 411 N. H. Roberta. 47 O. V. De Land, 4« W. A Ripley, 
411 Mi»s .b'spie u Pre«, .11) L. P. Lhamon. 51 E. T Orerend. 
52 .1. C. Olson, .W F W Bowles, 54 W. J. Trainer, .15 B. M. Bar- 
ber. 611 (», W, Brown. .7r.. .17 C. J Beeker, .1» B. L. Freed, 59 A. 
H Barbonr, »l W. L. Starkev, 01 A J. Blickenstaff. 82 W. O. 
Roseberry. 03 A. R Whitmore, 04 C. E. Ball, 05 E. N. Hen- 
nini-er. Oil Albert Baekus. 117 O. w. Tboui. 6« C. B. Hall, 01) O. 
.). PonrOBo, 70 A A Kuhl. 71 Wm. Liieders, 72 D. B. Ander- 
son. 73 .1. P. Bvrne, 74 D. S- Hill. 75 E. .1. S.-ott. 70 C. W. Jones. 
77 C A. Stewart, 7» U. W, Lyneh. 79 H. G. Burtner, I'O G. S. 
McClure, *\ .1. H. Hesser, »2 L. B Lawson, V/, E. L, Miller, »4 
W. H. Bi>denheimer. JS J. H. Baldwin, so A. T.jarnell. W T. 
1. Wil-son, K» E. S. Hawkins, 811 A W. Walker, !i(l F. A. Curtis, 
ill P. B. S. Peters, 92 C. A BrnniBer, 93 P. H. Vaile, 94 J. E. 
Solfe. 115 Paul A Steele, 90 H. f:. Walker, 97 H. D. Harris, 08 
W H. Callow, 00 R. W. Ballentine, KiO H. G. Reaser, 101 M. L. 
Miner, 1112 U, T. Wiswell, 1113 E. H. Ealy, 104 G. A. Swayze, 
1115 J. C. Stoiner, 100 A. E. Mackey, 107 L J. EBelston,.10» J. 
M. Wade. 109 H . A. Howard, nil L. B. D'Armond, 111 Q. M, 
LanBum. 112.1. M, Reaser, 113 W. J. Amos, 114 E. B Gard, 
.Ir,. 115 P. U. Read. 110 Geo. Russell, 117 A. D. Skcels, 118 G. E. 
Weaver. 1111 G. Bijiler, 120 P. E. Merriam, 121 A. H. Daven- 
port, 122 .1. B Phillips. 12:1 A. J Williard, 124 W, S. Osborn, 
125 Court P. Wood, 1211 W. H. Sadler. 127 G. C. Kaynor, 128 .1. 


i I. P. Mountz. I.W w 
Penrose. I"i9 N L Hi. 
Gardiner. 1112 s li Fi 
.Taeksi.ii. Ill:, .1 L Ha 

I E. Wentz, 151 W. M, 
' Ml li klaud. 1.14B. K. Pentz, 
II. ». i:,r II. B. Cole, 158 M. H, 
111.1. 11.1! N. C. Brewster, 161 P.O. 
stock, l«:i C. G. Price, 164 L. H, 
.m. blO W. J. McCarty, 107 B. W. 
' L, C. McCann, 170 P. Tayl. — 


«• I, lli.-k. _173 J. P Am«poker, 174 J. 

170 E. E. Gard, 177 H. A. Iv 
180 B. A. Peters, 181 w: 
O. Hardwick. 184 E. L. Me- 
e. 1H7 .1. P. Simon. 188 T. M. 
\"n E, D. DouKlas, 101 A. B. 
w. liver, 194 P. P. Musnish, 
■. I ii;. Perns, 198 T. Court- 
li 111.-. 201 W. E. Wilson, 202 
^ I'lirrell, 205 P. B. Coru- 
li., Ji, Bradford. 208 A. M. 
,210 W. H. Martindill. 211 W. U. 
" ■" "■ ■" Chikls, 


213 E. H. Morse, 211 

A Few Expressions About The Journal's 
New Wrltinjt Instruction Feature. 

Till!! Ii!it or :IS4 fflhstrilH-rs lillx in ihiiI iilinl J lliiiik n/ 
III,- mir iilaii /<ir III,- i/i-iir ISDS. 1 iiill li-ll ../"" """ • 
»oo»l.-B. S. Collil 

anyth .. 

taken.— W. S. Chamberla.-. 

Eaton & Burnett B. C , Baltimore, Md. 
Another evidence of Thk .Ioi'KNAL's untiriuK devotion to 
the welfare of the teacher and student.— E E. Bartow, 

Albany, N. Y., B. C. 
A highly beneficial idea. One that will certainly broaden 
the teaching capacity.— E. L, Brown, 

Rocklaud. Me., C. C. 
Without cjuestion the most comprehensive yet practical 
aid yet Biven to teachers.— J. P. Byrne. 

Peirce Coll.. Philadelphia, Pa. 
A Brand thought, which should have the hearty approval 
of all concerned.— P. A. Curtis, 

Cranston High School, Auburn, R. I. 
You have discovered the penmanship Klondike's mother 
load sure. Necessarily it must be a great " strike " for the 
profession. — C. L. Doty, 

A splendid idea.— W. J. Elliott, 

Pa. B. C, Easton. Pa. 

Central B. C, Stratford, Ont. 
Penmanship teachers have long been waiting for this.— W. 
M. Engel, Penman, 

Beading. Pa. 
The most practical plan of instruction ever undertaken. 
My students aro already using the Copies to good advantage. 
-J. D. Fair, 

West. N. C, Shenandoah, la. 
I hiivi- no iloiilil llii-m- Coiiiin irill iiroiu- III,- moat imUiiilili- 
lliat liai',- ,-ver uppcaveil in ,1 in-nuian's jniin-r — H. W. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Your now feature is good— well calculated to excite curios- 
ity, to create interest, to lead to much practic3 and result in 
good to the cause. -D. H. Parley, 

State Nor. Sch., Trenton. N. J. 
The new feature is The Journal's *' cap sheaf." With 
those Graded Copies and other splendid exorcises every piapil 
in anybody's and everybody's school should find sometnrog 
to aid him in mastering the difficulties that may come up in 
undertaking the acquirement of a good handwriting.— J. P. 

Metropolitan B. C, Chicago. 111. 
Just what I need in mv work. I promise you every one 
of mil jmiiih «s tiiihserihers, 1 should rather foot the bill 
myself than to have one of them miss it.— A. M. Grimes, 

Cap. City B. C, Ottawa, Ont. 
You have taken a gigantic step forward in the line of pen- 
manship literature. Tlii,i eoursc teill tlonhle the value 0/ 
The 'hntrnnl to penmen, business educators and students 
alike.— J. E. Gustus, 

Gustus School of Business, Moline, 111. 
Mv teachers and students .ioin me in thanking you for this 
excellent now feature. You've surely made a hit.— H. D. 

Schissler Coll. of Bus., Norristown, Pa. 

■ I expect to follow this; course in my teaching.— J. a, Har- 

Draugbon's B. C Nashville, Tenn. 
The ti-iteliiny of jienmanshiii irilt reeetee tile ffreuieMI 
inijietoitu of the yeni-ratlon by thin new feolnre — L. C. 

Coleman's National B. C . Newark, N. J. 
The most practical, economical and sensible feature ever 
oflered bv a penman's paper.— P. L Haeberle. 

Milletsville, Pa., Nor. Sch. 
To all teachers, and especially to young teachers, this will 

Connellsville, Ohio, 
.strikes the need of rapid writing at once and to a finish. 
Moernienl l.s the njiiee iinil pith of viipiil lerltlny — J. C. 

Kane's B. U.. Baltimore, Md. 
This course will m"et with approval everywhere. »7'l/ <«'' 
yon not Ihinh „fil lonn ayo 2— H. B Lehman. 

N. 1. Nor. Sch . Valparaiso, Ind. 
The plan has my most hearty indorsement. The strong 
point is the great number of Copie; 

-H. B. Cole, 

und 1 

, whii 

Shaw B. C . Augusta, Me. 
An admirable scheme. / shtill ,itteifie my iiuptts to mii- 
the Coplea, na they ivill he leorlh many llmen the nuliseri/, 
lion pi-ice.-M. L. Miner. 

lleffley Coll, of Com , Brooklyn, N. Y. 
// leilt eretite a tef/ionofyoo,lhiisinessii,-niiien. Hiin 

itreilH ofthoasamls will blei,>i Us ailei-nt J K. Phillips, 

Centr»lS.|uare. N. Y. 

I have critically examined the first installment and baliev 

the plan Is nnijneslionahly the most sensilile anil prueliei 

that has eeer appearcl in a pennian'a piiper.^)^. B. S 

al Training High School, Kansas City. Mo. 




ehieli I 

iilae.-V. O Prii 

all np ivil 
■iilc. Tenn , B. C. 


\elio,}l that teaches rapUl Iti. 

<i. li. C. Raynor. . 

' 1 klyn, N. Y. 

Your plan of "300 Graded Oil 11 - .l.-imuil to harmonize 
vlth, supplement and aid any i-ourM- lu writing that the 
earner may be taking, appears to be one that should de<'id- 
' and student.— Ly. 

Newark, N. J. 

".300 Pen Copies " starts well and should prove a drawing 
card. The new feature will be very helpful for all who arc- 
striving to acquire a good handwriting —A. H. Stephenson. 
B. Ji S B C, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Clubbing Announcements Next Month. 

We have pleasure in renewitxrj our aeknoivledgments 
to many kind friends for clubs tu The Journal receind 
during the past month. We had expected to publish a 
clubbing list this month, Imt more important matlt-r 
lias crowded it out. The announcement may be looked 
for in the next issue, and all clubs received up to Feb. ■'- 
will be credited. We can say with entire truth thai 
The Journal has never had such a splendid practical 
support from the jj/'o/essi'oji it has been serving to the 
best of its ability fur twenty-one years. 

lu Card AVrll- 




One Volume. <(unrt<ii Cloth 1 Illusli'nled. Net, IS3.50. 

, ,','T'".* bV<"',_ Is one of the finest ever published for instruction in the Art of Drawing and 
should belli the hands of all aspiring Artists. It not only contains hundreds of valuable iUus- 
tratious Inn a wealth of valuable informatiun about drawing, painting and engraving." 

The ilANBKiAN, Columbus, Ohio. 




Qoodyear'B History of Art h .- 

the sul)ic<t The new cdihun m-i ,.- 

Painting mid the HUtory of riusic. 

A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 

11(111 nil iiii-i .111.1 chapleis <in Modern 

- 156 Fifth Ave., NEW YORK. 

cHabla V. E.'spanol? 

Parlez-Vous Francais? 

Screchen Sie Dcutsch? 

Parlate Italiano? 

I 3>j" TIES Bj- -^KT e:£:x£ is 

296 Summer Slreet. Boston, Mass. 

East Greenwich, R. I. j. 

and every private stmleiit 111 tlie United States. Evei 

riiit. iH tlioruuuhly explalued anil Illustrated. Sent 1 

' ,11. on receipt of price. »2.50 I 

F Order or Draft. Afldre 

K013BINS, SedaUa, Mo. 

1 Illustrated 
_ _ ipt of price 

Stamps, Post onice Money Order or Draft. 

address by 1 

How to See the Point and 
Place It: 

Punctuation Without Rules ot Grammar, 

l,.t(ONl(l PI IIMSIII.X; 

Just tk thing for practice in connec- 
tion with " 300 Pen Copies." 


10 LBS. TO REAM OF 1000 SHEETS 8 X lO'j. 

Unruled, Ruled and Wide Ruled. 

Put up in hall-ream |500 sheets) packages. 

For I>eiiliiaiislii|> l»ractice, I.etter- 

Heacls, Iilc. 


Ju is Ream I.nts, I'e-r Ream, $1.2'- 

(loods sent by freight or e.ipi'Css at pun 

should he placed far enough ahead to 11 
the paper to be shipped by froight-the cl 

liiw iin\ margin for 1 
making und Imnkk. . piir_'. Aililicas 

202 Broadway, New Yo 

■r Paper (l.OOU shcelal. t^xlOltlu 
, Canli witb order. 
AiTIEI^ Ac ItULLlNSON CO., -iO'-i Un 

lU IllB.. for •1.10 
ilirnr. New Torlii 



tobUabedl850. BuBlnr— «>».—»*.---< 13 „ 

Preparatory. ludlvii 
dents annually. Oi>ei 
InforTiiatlon. i 

Shorthanrl. Peumanahtp, 
tlm. 600 8tu- 
Wrlte for full 



Best system extaut. Einlorsecl by the 

t<tra. ThorouKhly tailKlit liy Experts 
Most J ■ • ■ - 

moderate In 


trial lessi'i 

€(S^ Bu8"ln«»o Coll««ii^ Co' 

fladbrtlle* '^tXKXs.. 

Guarantee Position. Accept nnlpg fortnitlnn. Prcjin (le- 
poeil mooey in lauU ull posiuuii 13 aecured. Carfare paid. 



Indoreed by Bankera, Merclmnls^ and othera. Bookkeep- 
ing, Peomanehip, Sliorllinnd, Tyjwwriting, Telegrapliy, 
etc. Four weeks in Biiiikkeeping with iis equals 12 else- 
where. No vacation. KnttT any lime. BnanlglO. Toorder 
our books for home nt inly ia next bent t lung lo entering our 
^liQols. Write ub at Nashville. (.Mention thia ]iaper.) 



3(>1 greater thai 

free. R. A. BKUBECK. Principal. 

supply. Catalogue 


I>oul9v|lie. Ky. 


t B. & S. College. \\\\ 

flew l?orh. 


140 South 8th St.. Brooklyn, N. Y. C b-^.. 

free on application, personally or byletter. HENRY 
C. WRICfHT. Principal. 

wego, N. " " ■ 

hand pupti: 

mnmanship iiv m i-ci..-- iiM,-ii,r ,v/ja 

by a native >[ , ■ cuin. All these 

branches tatiain .. -.i„,„ish 

W. G. C 


Catalogue free. 

143 to 

ured all short- 
II tl 

t from "the Grei 


The schools also supply fci 

factory assistant.^, and set ^ 

peteni students. Terms moderate. No 

iKned to afford 
positions for 

the befit practical 
The schools also 
factory assistant 

pet ent students. ' .,„ 

CatalOKue f ree. CARRINQTON GAINES. President 


cisco. For 30 years the largest pri 
of Chicago. 12,000 former pupils 



?liool of Shorthand and Penmanship. Lowell, 
as-s. No vacation, .lournal free. GL1CK& YOUNG. 


tario. 2Hthyear. W. B. ROBINSON. .J. W .TOHN- 
SON, F. C. A., principals for 19 years. Most widely 
attended business eollege In America. Address 
ROBINSON & JOHNSON. Belleville. Ontario. Can. 

itford. Out. 
t Cana 
C the Doiiiiulc 

Two great CanadlB 



?II-known through- 


W: B. DENNIS, 357 Pulton St., Brooklyn. N.V., 

Engrosser and Designer. 



r copies and I 


Furnished. All kinds of Pen Work Executed. 

Powder for 1 pt. Elegant Glossy Black Ink, . $0.35 

Bottle nnequaled White Ink. prepaid 25 

1 dozen Unbeatable Written Cards 25 

Circular Frer. 

B. H. HISER, and Pr): 

Public School WrltlHE 

"V 9upt. In U. 3.. Indlan- 
■J apn Is. Ind. J. H. 

r niSER. Writing 

Teacher. Rlchniniid. Ind. W. 

Schrt- 1 Writing Sunt. In 

— ^HOOL 



S. HISER. ad 

LESSONS. #2.6U. 

P. B. S. PETERS, Manual Training; High School 

Kansas City, Mo., has a new plan of giving lesaom 
ishlp. Book-keeping or Siiorthand 

f mall In Penn 

Learn to Write Your Name. 

Send me your immo written in full ami 2.'ic-. 
iiiul 1 will send you one dozen or more ways or 
wntinjy it. with instructions or send me 50c. and 
receive '24 or more ways, or il and receive 36 or 
mora ways. Circular and price-list addressed in 
ray own hand (or ;c. stamp. Address 

A. K. PAlt>ONS. Crt-slun, Iowa. 


Military Institute, 



Danville. Va. 


THOROUQH COURSES In Business, Shorthand 

uud Typewriting, English Training. Normal Train- 
ing and Penmanship. Address ROCKFORD BUSI- 
NHSS COLLEGE. 103 3. Main St., Rockford. Illinois 



Academy, Shorthand, Typewriting and Telegraph 
Institute. Bend for catalogue. San Autonfo. 


CATALOGUES of The CaplUI City Commercial 

•-"ege and the Capital C\ ~ 


a. These 

straining schools. 

..„„-- " ^^ ..^ ...v^.... lug student; . 

MEHAN & McCAULEY, Des Moines. Iowa. The; 
Institutions are flr8^cIass' 


ARY INSTITUTE, New Orleans, La., renowned for 
w years for Its high grade courses, philosophic 
iu. "?"• advanced necountlng, practical and 
eimcal lectures. Write for free specimen pages 
orhoule'sgreat works. The Science and Practice 
n, ^!'^,""nt8 and the Philosophic Practical Mathe- 



n 1" M I '"dorsed by leading educators. It has 
u national reputation. Prospectus and Commence- 
"leot proceedings sent on application. 

^^' THE USE OF CUTS on this page or any 
C'K er ^''""^ ":^ff«"^^«* ^'Vle of dinptay will 

Box 3, Elsmere, Dela. 



M£'/1^DS BiyS/UfSS .COli-CCS 

SOS S/?Oy^S>l^l^^'^. 

GEO. W. 




]3rav\'er T. 

Tor Automatic S2m<ling Pens, Inks, Copybooks, Mail Courses in 

*'Auto.," Crossruled Paper, and supplies of all kinds. 




College, says: "Book 1 

Prof. P. E. Merriam. Dubuque. lo 
« the finest I have ever seen." 

Prof. T. J. Williams. Pasadena, CaK. Principal Williams Bus. College, says: 
lived. Am well pleased. You are certainly an artist with the Automatic Fen." 

A sample lesson sent for 10c. in stamps. 

An elegant specimen, very fine, for lOc, worth a dollar, or yonr name lettered 
on pnre silk ribbon for loc.—actnal cost of ribbon and postage. Executed in White 
and Gold : very, very swell. 

Your money returned in every instance if goods are not as represented. 

N. B.— The firm of Cushman & Hess is no longer in existence. 

R. M. JONES. Pen Artist, 10 Mahon Avenue, 

Pittsburgh, Pa. One doz. assorted cards, 26 "*" - 
ique specimens of pen wor'- "''^ ~'~ '"'* 

; resolutions. 

11. Sample artistic writing— poetry, 25c. 
ray famous fine flowing ink. prepaid, 
engraved pen study U x 1? Inches. 30c. 

The above «1 worth all for fifteen 2 

mall, .'^differents. 

WHAT Hammond says about Castronoffraphy. 

■ ■- ■ • utlful specimen ' 

blank cards. Lowi 

12 page booklet ' 

I beautiful 


tJiVlft. N. Y, 
. S. HILL. Penman. CurdsvlKe. Ky. Beautiful 

flourish 10 ( 

ards 15 

P. M. SISSON. Penman. Newport. R. I. Beau- 

- ■ ■ - " "• k for your aorap-book only 

dozen curds aO cts..— 12 les- 

r Pen Work for j 
., your name on 1 dozen 
9 In penniuuship by mall 82.a 

cards 25c. : specimens 25c. ; 



First l''UHE. Win 
^" G."cli'AVi''KK, 


Good Salary. 

pupils. Address, 

^ Have You $1.00 | 

Automatic Lettering 

^ cheapest. scnH y rrtit utamp fo' color sneetana ^ 
1^ circular. C. A. FAUST, "The Automatic Man," P 
q 67 Wabash Avenue. Chicago, III. p 


nly practical and 

enman should 
one. Nickel 

Plato finish and ornamental 

as well as usef 

postpaid, 10 ' 



well as useful. By mail. 
10 - ■ • 
HEALY, 35 Orchard Street. Lyiin, Mass. 




1 tamps. 


by the 

c School Drawing. Plain • 


Fancy cards 25c. up'. Flourished stag 

M. S. B. College. 

Parkersburg. W. Va. 

The Bergman Patent Vertical Writer. 


lof MillsVCo 

I he All 
olVenicnl Writing siiyn iibnnc il : 

"I havu tried your new pensfor vertical wrltlnK and 
find that they are a great aid In writing the vertical. 
They should have a large sale." E. C. Mills, RotHiester. 
N. V. No. 1, medium fine pen, for schools and general) 
correspondence. Costs but a cent at stationers', orr 
sample mailed for a 2-cent stamp. 

THE BERGMAN PEN CO., Fort Madison, Iowa. 

Time and Money Saved 

trust the work in 
te artists. 
The work is all fresh from our pen. 
Cushman's Periectlon "Auto" inks are the 
ly strictly isi " 

pie bottle, prepaid, I2c. 

Circulars. Srwcimens. etc 
2c. stamp. Address 

1 the market. 
I any addr 




iea — jec—jee — 3oc—jCc — 30ff — ioo—joo—scn — sec — ji-c^—M'^^—iC^'—St^i'- 


Pbnman McPhbrson Coi<.i 

-aec—30o-3er^jcr--3cc—3cc-3cc—jcc-3cd ■ 


In annccrina advcrtinemenUi tU/nai by a lum-dt' 
pluTTic, deiauif a^i** mfato/cof a/re avoided by ^calitm 
and ittamjAiifj the repliea recniy for Tnauiiig and 
vrrUiny the nnm-iU-tnitme in a Cfirrwr. then inclo»- 
(ntf such iteaie^l replies in aji envdope addrewed to 
ITie PcnmaK'fl An Jrrumal, to: Br<tadtcav. New 
York. Pontaoe mtufl be »ent for forwarding Cata- 
lo{/tie*, TfewHi}at>erg, Phtitotp-apfug. &c . 

Situations lIQlanted. 


MCliooiB un<l leorlicrM eimblPM Ibc mnuoice- 
metil loHi'lef-l uood leut-lierHfor booiI arliooltt. 
Minull lee is cburaeil tlie leacbert uorliHree 
imniKle m llie >«'hcial. Kelinble sthoalii iieek- 
init lenrbera. nnil nrll qniillaeil. rellabl 
teiicherH >erkini[ pluien. are wanled lor on. 
linlx. No olher> nerd apph-. Addreaa PEN. 
REAI!. 'iO'i Broadwar. Neiv York. 

Teacher Wanted ! 

Lady or geotlemai 

,v^l and appoint agents. No 

lladelpbla. Pa 

^---- - . paid, 

Educational Department. 

No More Teachers Wanted 

for present enrollment fn our Teacher.t' Bureau 
.._.,__. ...-_ — ~n\] educated and thoroughly 


euter^rlsliie .Ity In Feun.. with no colnpetltlon 
than ..5 mil. s will ,, n rrr.M.nabIy. Over 100 pupil; 
now In iIhIIv im. ii.| m.-, New furniture, ele^ani 
rooms, all i.'uii^imiiimh-.'-.. nut low, good reputation 

' ' young hiistlvr 

-. )k after. Write 

for partkular,-. ami i^ricf. Address "CHAIN." 

t be entirely capable a 

3 al>Ie to 

D all. Explanatory circulars sent t 



* Rogers. Bryant^ii 


A GRADUATE of thee 
a good academic and 

sandEllleiSystenis. Health 

urse, who alao has 
school education. 

for engagement. Considerable teaching e 

perlence. Teaches all c 
Sbortfaand, book-keeping. 

height 5 ft, HW li 

1 brandies. New Rapid 

e of the higher studies. Health good: 

iidresa "ALL-ROUND," 

X hand, typewriting, 

ship, who can also teach (.'ornmou Drancnes, isopen 
for engagement. Six years' teaching experience. 
Was boOK-keeper for a large house for over a year, 
flood bUBlneBB college and public and high school edu- 
itlon. Familiar with Williams & Rogers Book-keep- 
, _.. Moderate salary. Ready 

I of Pknman's 


EACIIEll of book-keepl 

arcl Phonngra]>liy desires iiosltlon in commi 
<>ollege. References furnished. Address I 
WILLIAMS, 14 W. MarketSt., Wllkes-Barre, Pa. 

Pitman Shoitiiand, typewriting, bookkeeping, 
comminhit I.'iw nnd all the commercial branches 
excepl i'i[iiii:iriMlil[i \» open for engagement. Can 

also i.i.. h 1 Tit-ii--li hr.iiu-hes. Good common, high 
nnii iK.rin.u s.-hn.-i ,■. I unillon. Three years' teaching 
('XiH'rli LI' ' } .Kiilil.ii with Williams .V Rogers, 

Sadler lid.l V<-\\vv .svslems. Healrh ffood ; age 24: 
unmarried. Good reterenees. Fair salary. Ready 

No Charge to School Proprietors 

for putting them In the way of getting t 
Allweasbls: Tellus just what youwant 

Invest money we are entitled t 

know that fact and expect to be fully Informed. 


203 Broadway, New York. 

rolling, that It would be 

cedure laid dow 

give any Information ' 

Sustness Opportunities. 

writing aud drawing, t 

I will put you In 

Possibly TO 
of the klua 
partner for s 

a pen, Ink, penholder or something 

1 the market. You may 



of Penman's 

SCHOOL. FOR .SALE.-Severebronchlal trouble 
obliges me to sell one of the best located and be-t 
paying business colleges In the east. Established for 
more than 30 years In a city of 25,000, connected by 
street car with city of 5.00O. Fine counlry. New 
England State. Eoulpped with every modern con- 
venience. Will sell at a bargain. Address " BAlf 
STATE," care of Peswan's abt Joobnal. 

Special bargain Hbe. 

others Just going In. What A discards Is 
"' ■""" " ' There are people who 


) profession. In other 

by the use of Its columns yo 

_.. , ._j offer to practlcaify All 

X buying. ; 

e are going to offer, for a limited Sime, a specl'aTr 
I Bargain ads., as described above, of three tni 

I the right offici 

exceeding H of i 

^-ilied above. If tleHired. a uoin de pin 
lay be used audreplle(<) tortvarded freii 

npany ilie order In 


A^Cb. receive 

Scientific American. 


BraDcb Office. 626 F St., Washington, D, C, 


AIR JrJKUbH i„ making ami ,clllngth« 

i color by Jet of i 
the best work cheaply 

work, Nostudloc 

ART WORK. M?,.t' 

rather than to do cheap 
"o complete 
L good thing 

jr. Circular 

free. Address Air Brunli 

Rockford.llL. U.S.. 


EACHER of bookkeeping, penmanship, his- 
tory, civil government, arithmetic, etc.. Is open 
engagement. Normal and business 
Seven years' teaching experience. 
•:111s and Voucher systems. Health 
Good references Mod- 

i salary. Address ' 

MV SPECIALTIES are business branches, pen- 
mantjhlp, shorthand, tvpewrltlng. Can teach 
all the English and most of the higher branches. 
Good common school, business and normal college 

training. About ten years' experience. Over two 
Years' experience as stenographer with large firm. 
VamUlar with Wllllama Altogers. Ellis, Sadler and 

age 32 ; unmarried. 

other systems. Health 

" ' ?s, Moi ___ 

Addres8"F. R. L.,' 

ship and pen art Is open for engageme 
' jteaeh Williams & Rogers and Ellis Book-l 

Moderate salary. Ready 

ivledge of Sadler's 

references. Salary modecate. Ready now. Address 
"N. E. L.." careot Penman's Art Journal. 

T EACHER of book-keeping, arithmetic, Gregg 
Shorthand, commercial law, common branches, 
etc., la open for Immediate engagement. Good com- 
mon school and business college education. Four 
years' teaching experience Familiar with Ellis 
•ystem of Book-keeplug. Satisfactory 
nlshed upon application. Low salary. 

jI and business 
.chlng experience. Familiar 

t health ; age 2^ ; unmarried. Good references. 

Moderate salary. Ready i 

Address " F. B. E.,' 



Ueacbers ManteO. 

ERS' BUREAU. Penmanship, 
mercini, nnd nliorlhand and lypewriiiug 
branchi-Houly. It brinBHieacbcrMandmhoolH 

ncbooU and feaobert<i cuable» tbe mnnase- 
'iiienl lo sflect suod teachers tor good MchootN. 
Small fee itt charged the teacher i no charge 
in made to the school. Reliable scbooU seek, 
lug lencherti. and well qualified, reliable 
leachern seeking placc-H arewnnled for our 
lists. Ne others need apply. Address PEN- 
REAU. *.20'2 llroadwav- New York. 


TED. -A teacher of Pernln 

and English 

-- - - _ >iiege. leacher wanted at 

Address " PERNIN," care of Pbsbas's Art 

AH the Big Penmen Call it Great. 

The price is #'.2.50 each insertion for 
lot to exceed three-quarters of one i 
i two insertions be paid for in adv 
S.5) the advertiser will be entitled 
bird insertion free, it desired. 

i' standing { 

AWELLKNOWN commercial teacher, 
ant and penman or thirteen yeai " 
In New York City) will buy school 
public school lu New England. Address '^P. G. A.," 


:. Refer. 

I the 

given aud required. Popuiati 
VANIA," care of I*enman's Art Journal. 1-i 

rOUNC; MAN i-Are you a fair pennm 

out of profltable employment, and \w\t 

leasant work travelioK, that pays betti 

lan any ordinary salary? II so, write ii 


RedlOak. Iowa, 

Scbools ffor Sale. 

^O R S A LE.— A prosperous and elegantly equipped 
_' Business College In an Atlantic sea-board city of 
*.000 Inhabitants. No opposition. This Institution, 

■ '■' •'le purchaser a handsome 

must be a practical busl 

if well managed, v 

One-quarter cash, and 

of the college. Address ' 

nmended. J1200. 
. be paid from tbe 

USE Onr Ledg:er& Linen Papers. 

Sample Book Free. Crane Bros., Westfield, Mass, 


leaving a st 

Removes writing Ink wlthou 

Cheyenne, Wy. 

0. M. KLEIN, Mlllervllle, Mln 

The most simple and legible system in use. No positions. Vowels 
written as they occur in the word without lifting the pen. No prefixes or 
suffixes to hinder in writing. 

We have something of special Interest to offer teachers of shorthand 
and solicit their correspondence. 

Instruction by mail a specialty. Text book $1.60. Address 

McKEE PUB. CO., 6J7 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y. 





l-:i $1. 


— is more tlaa-n a, Fad 

FRAC. TVPEWRlTiyG, the oriu 
est book. Have bo*t pub'r'9 bajant-e last 
ioti to move Quick ! Price reduci-d. 
O to $1.00—200 pp,, Svo. No ex 






PERN IN SHORTHAND, isaac pitman'5 shorthand, 


"The Boys' High Sch. 

I other 

Pernln Shorthand v 

?-half ai 

•ted Jun 

eks each. During t 
r of hours de 
I he end of this 

s tauKht In t 

tract froTi iipeeo. and e 
'ted deRref'. I unnc 
i-lal Dint.. Morrip. Mm 


otod to class Instnic- 

tlnie our pupils were 

perlj' transcribe their notesoo the type- 

lore students have successfully leai 
years ihe Pitman system was tau ' 
the largest in Americut and perh 

equal. U employs neither shadhiR nor position to de- 

J rate of speed. 1 find chat It retains Its leKlblUty to a 

the Pernln to all."-0. F. WvvEtx, Official Court Reporter. lOih 

fore he was 10 yt-ars old, earning $2,000 a year.) 

thcr SHADING nor POSITION, and is learned for office 

f hljfh : 

marhed (leBrec^ I iinhesitatlngly 
held (h 
The PERNIN employs 
work in 6 to 12 weeks. Taught by 800 leading schools. 

Complete SeLF-INSrRUCrOR. fa. 00 Alonev refunded if not aatlsfactorv. Book sent to edu- 
cators for examination. Free lessons and circulars. Write. 

H. M. PERNIN, Author, Detroit, Mich. 



Business men supplied with competent Stenographers. Schools furnished with 
thoroughly qualified Teachers. Pupils admitted any time. No vacation. 

Terms moderate. Send for catalogue. 
i;y P'. HJ. DE3IIII_., Frixioipal. 



"Admirably adapted 

■ the needs of the average 
you have 

he thlufr for class-drill." 

t for three 3-cent stamps. 


917 Chestnut St.. Philadelphia. 

aOTH Year of Publication. CmcuLATBsiN Every Statb 


The American College and Public 
School Directory 


s Classified Lists and Addicsses for the 

U. S. of all 

1. Oollegefl, Female Semlnarlep and Academies. 8. 
Normal Schools. 3. Business Colleges. 4. Schools of 
Science. 5. Schools of Theology. «. Schools of Law. 
7. Schools of Medicine— Regular. Eclectic and Homoe- 
opathic. 8. Schools of Dentistry. 9. Schools of Phar- 
macy. 10. State Superintendents. 11. CountySuper- 
Intendents. Also leading— 18. City Svinerlutcndenta. 
13. Principals. 14. Assistants, etc. Gathered from 
Ofllclal Sources and revised to date of Issue. 

Fifce. S.5.00 Net. 

C. H. EVANS & CO., 

efpful. Every department up-to-date. Sample copy 

pupil. Thlrty-slx big pages. Hlgh-c 

^f—-\ Every der ' ■- ■' ' 

I prospectlvi 

c^hoorRecVrVu Albioir/MH 


6 I.ESSONS Bt Mail. 

e Bhoiitd know how. 

-■ Free Particulars to 

W. G. CHAFFEJS, Osneeo, N. ¥. 


can be kepi on DIXON'S American Graph- 
■le PENCILS, without breaking off every 

St and last the 


•iOS. DIXON CRDGIBLE CO.. Jersey City, H.J. 



in'Mirwr"' "npossibU: Requires less "thau half the 
Iml. p.?® '** ^^**^*' students an eicellent handwrlt- 
ati,ih„ii**'^''>and. Handsomely nickel-plated. Pen 

AftJi.'''*'" r"»' ^f^*!- Sample. 86c. 
^,rrV*j;,^pP '9 lutroduced Into your school every atu- 
roiioB^J ' want one. Special prices to schools and 
^■lIcS" m ■*' *''^^^'^' P«n™an CHIcago Bus. Coll., 



TUC CTCIinODADIl The wonderful Machine 
inC OlCnUUnArn, rorWrltmg shorthand 

Qulctdy learned ; no strain of eyes, hand or body 
Work uniform, accurate, easy and rellahle. Send for 
Circular, ilachines rented on trial. 


'■ All shorthand writers in the world ctincedo the debt of gratitude <luc to Isaac Pitman as tl 
rlzlnal inventor of the BEST system of shorthanil, and the one which lorm« the basis for 
lunrliedormoiemodiflciitions.'— Hon. W. T. Hauris, r. S. Commissioner of Education. 

' Isaac Pitman's 

Complete Phonographic Instructor" 

New Edition. A Full Revision to Date. 

i^~ Printed for the puhlisbers, Ifom Engraved Shortliund. by J. J. Little & Co., New York City. 
It is the Most Complete and Perfect Text- Book that has Ever Been Istued, contnluiiiK over 16,0CM) 
Shorthand cuts— more than double the uumber to be found In any similar work. Handsome red 
L-loth and full (filt lettering. 253 pages. PRICE. $1.50. Specimen pages free, 40 Per Cent. Dl«- 
count to known teachers and schools. Correspondence solicited. 


"■^" I have decided to Introduce 
displacing the Eclectic. After c 
the Iflanc PttmELn is the bei 

Interesting literature Is one thli 
t'resno (Cal.) Business College. 
Would be Impossi 

and ' Complete Instructor ' Into my department, 
LdlQg systems. I have no hesitancy in aaylnj " ' 
of reading matter In shorthand through the medli 

hesitancy In saying t 

through the medium or 

Prln. Shorthand Dent, and Prop. 

thing especially In Its favor."— William Rai 

of better arranged material thau you have done In this boolc."— John 

L N Hunt LL D ex Pres Board of hducation N Y City 

Isaac Pitman In ente 1 or constructed the phonographic alphabe f pi e f r onsonants, and of 

lots and dashei for the o els an I devlsedn ostof tl e scnen ei fo aU r 1 tl k o unt outlines by mean» 

oraddlt ons too III f iheconaonantst ms whi hcontrlbut s ht 1 oth speed and legibility : 

ni bodol u o lei i rove 1 e t of tl stenog aphi art tl an was ever done by any 

other ne an a Kr at \ rk that he a n pUshel Tl e tl ought was an Insplratlou— 

title 1 t 

?ln Ingwltl the Isaac Pitman 
' / to nto f/if hands of 

Without I 

casual glance at 

•sultit I lo k fo 

1 e I mind of Its 
little is very ofte 
1 Shorthand, New 

of perfection has now been attained. 

■* the aid of the new 

New York 


'•The Munson system of Shorthand, which 
we teach in this school, is excelled by none and 
etiualed by few, and is growing in popularity 
everyday. It is uaiversally conceiied, even by 
the authors of other systems, that Mr. Mun- 
son's latest work, the Art of Phonography, 
is the most perfect and complete short-hand 
text-book ever yet produced. There are 
more Munson writers in offlcial positions as 
court reporters, etc., than of any other system. 


Pitman, Graham and Barn 
the Munson by far the best and 1 
tmr pupils can read each othei-s' no 
transcribe their own notes alter tht 
—Peqund Business Cnllrrfc. Meriden, 


I'ricp. SI'J.OO. iiost-pnid. 

Lil.eral discount to schools. Write for circulars. 

Munson Phonographic Publishing Co., 




are ideal points for a restful and quiet 
stay, mid pleasant surroundings. 

The handsome large 

Steamships of the . . . 


sailing every week-day from New York 
for these resorts offer the additional at- 
traction of a short and invigorating sea 
trip, under the most favorable conditions 
of cuisine and accommodations. 
For full Information, apply to 

Old Dominion Steamship Co., 

Pier a6. North River, New York. 
W. L. OUILLAUDBU. Vice 'Pre*, aod Traffic Msr. 

■ Isaac Pitman s ihorthai 1 Bojs High s hnol. ; 

i;^*Send for 16-page Catalo^ne and "A Convincing Comparison." Specimen 
copy of the ** Weekly Phonetic Jonrnal," containing 12 colnmns of Shorthand, free. 

ISAAC PITMAN & SONS, Publishers, 

The Phonogpaphlc Depot, - - - 33 Union Square, New York. 

Take Lrasons nt th(% .Metrnpolitan School of Shorthand, l.iS Kifth Ave, N. W. Cor. aith ?t. 

s at thp iletrnpolitan School of Shorthand, l.i6 Fi 
tnrs n.iy anil Niitht. Private Lesson!! at Class Ba 



The New York agent of the English firm of Isaac Pitman & Sons asserts that 
"Isaac Pitman's Shorthand" is now the Leading System, and to maintain the claim 
quotes Dr. W. T. Harris, U. S. Commissioner of Edncation, as follows : 

" It will be seen in the chapter giving the statistics of instruction in Short- 
hand in the United States that the system mainly followed i- " ~' -" ' 
Pitman."— Extract from " Shorthand Instructit 
of Education (Washington, D. C. ). ISW). 

W. T. 

, Commisslo 


Mr. James E. Munson, the well-known anthor of phonographic text-books 
wrote Dr. Harris (Dec. 15, 1894) asking him to state : 

" whether you intended by those words to convey the idea that Isaac Pit- 
man's Tenth [Uth] Edition of Phonouraphy— the system as taught in his 
present te.\t-book9-is the one mainly followed in the United States, "- .i-~' 

■ that 

Pltmanlc Phonography— the system of phonetic shorthand originated b' 
Isaac Pitman, but now presented in the text-books of other author- "" ■""' 
a.s his own. notably in this country in the ' ' " "■' 
Munson, etc., is the one mainly followed it 

To which Dr. Harris answered (Dec. 17, 

•• 1 haste 
sense, an 

The chapter giving statistics, referred to by Dr. Harris in the first of the two 
foregoing quotations when analyzed, shows that in 1898 the Isaac Pitman system, as 
published by the English firm, was nsed by bnt 6.1% of the teachers of Phonography 
in the United States, while the Benn Pitman system stood at the head, and was 
nsed by 34.7J, being almost exactly as many as the next three highest systems com- 
bined— ancf the Isaac Pitman system was below these. 

It therefore appears from the evidence adduced by Isaac Pitman & Sons that 
the published statement of Dr. Harris's predecessor in olHce is jnstified by the facts 
and that "The Benn Pitman System is more generally taught than any 
other in this country and may he ealled the American System."— (Rcjiort 
of Cmnmissioiiei- of Edncation for iBSI-Sti. page 927.) 

Send for Catalog and " Modifications of Phonography— Wise and Other- 
wise." Specimen of Phonographic Magazine Free. Address 


Cincinnati. Ohio. 











The Sixth Edition— Two Thousand Copies— of Williams & Rogers' • 


Came from the press late in December, and the indications now point to the necessity tor issuing another edition in the near future, 
to supply the demand. 

The cordial reception which this work has received, and the wide introduction which it has secured, are very gratifying to its 
publishers, and convince them that the educational public appreciates their efforts to provide the best school aids that human inge- 
nuity and endeavor can produce, and money can procure. Neither time, labor nor expense was spared in the effort to make 

Office Routine and Bookkeeping a Perfect Work, 

Both pedagogically and mechanically, and this undoubtedly accounts, in a great measure, for its wonderful popularity and great success. 
The author of this work, as is plainly manifest in every part of it, brought to his task long and ripe experience in both business 
office and school room, together with a thorough knowledge of all current methods of bookkeeping, office and business practice. The 
script illustrations, which are models in every way and the finest that have ever appeared in any educational publication, are the work 
of one of the best and most widely known penmen in this country. 


Of this work is the high standard which it sets for the student — the constant incentive which it is to him to do his best. Everything 
connected with the publication is of the highest order, and nothwithstanding this the price is extremely low. 

Correspondence from schools regarding Office Routine and Bookkeeping, or any of our other commercial publications, is re- 
spectfully solicited. 

KOCHKSTER, N. V. C.-i>cti)ii RUIh;., CHICAGO, ILL. 

5^ /J* 

m A Time for Good Resolutions. 

This is the time of the year when " good resolutions are 
made to be broken." Not only in December, but in many other 
months, you have said, -'Now. I'll send for samples of those 
hooks. The Practical Text-Book Company seems aggressive and 
persistent ; there must be something in their claims, or there 
■would not be so many representative schools among their ens- 
tomers. I must send f<ir samples of their books." Then you 
have laid the paper aside and have forgotten it until the next 

Begin the New Year Right. 

Sit do-rni now and order samples of the best books published 
for schools that teach commercial branches. There is yet time 
to examine and adopt some of these up-to-date text-books, to be 
introduced immediately after the Holidays. 

You are about to start your classes in Commercial Law. 
Our book is considered so good that its plan has been copied by 
competitors. It is comprehensive, non-technical, and abounds 
in plain, everyday illustrations of legal principles,— a well- 
liound. beautifully printed, inexpensive volume. Write for 
a catalogue. We make special rates to teachers, and liberal 
inducements to schools tor introductory orders. 



The IBest IBooks For SchooDSo 

Do not adopt new text-books or make changes until you 
have examined these publications : 

In BDKllsh. 

I practical text-book on the subject 

of language, dlscnrdlng i] 

e average " grammar ' 

Practical Shorthand, 

contains '50 full pn 
ehorthand, nnd i 

graph combined. 
Everybody's Dictionary, 

vest poekft size, for evei-y-day vsf 
Compllrd from the latest edition of 
Webster's great International. Price, 
Indexed and boiin.l In Americnn 

Et clear and practical pn 
■ '- " 'jject, embracluK nieutai a 
arithmetic. The work 
ill of the usual operations 
'tl?, and special attention h 
veil to those subjects used 

popular book i 

! of ao words 

Diet at k 

Commercial Law, 

Illustrated. Valuable 

Utter Wri 

Bound In full 

:j[jeelal value In banks 

bound; 9H2 paKes, 


arranged and fullv 
"le alike asaiext- 

JUST Hniii |iti'-s. iVfichesbow tf 

corrc.-t' ii'-r '..l' 'w..iV|"! etc."' Fldly 
Illustrated with beautiful copper- 
plate script. The best book pub- 
lished on correspondence. Contains 
141 pages and Is handsomely bound. 

Progressive Bookkeeping. 

giving the theory of bookkeeping L 

Mercantile Practical Bookkeeping. 

•■ihips, Corporatk 

Complete Practical Bookkeeping: ! 

Cloth, 30» pages. 8 
The three bookkeeping books* are ele- 

gantly Illustrated 

e printed in threejCoIorB. 

Write For lllustrnted Caialoffiie. 

The Practical Text Book Company, 


-OHIO , " 


Copyright lb9e by Ames 4 Rolllneon Cn. 



JHB'O'^/TMai a?M^Q/%axa«^ 

So Say They All! 

are : 


The commercial tpxt-bnoks now offered by the undersipfned and ready for iise 

i : 

pages, coverliiB all the points of the previous " Manual of Bookkebpino and Correspondence," with 
!nuch:addltlonal matter In the way of advanced practical sets, with the model forms In approver! 
script, and the customs of business brought down to the latest requirements. This book Is, In itself 
a complete treatise ;ou bnokke'eplug, nnd Is supplemented by 

'i. PKOORESSIVE PRACTICE TESTS that leave nothing to be desired In the way of school 
practice. These tests comprise, each, the material for a complete set of books, with all the docu- 
ments and forms for conducting the business. Including money, notes, drafts, bills, letters, etc. 
What the student will be required to do as an accountant in a business bouse, he Is required to do 
here, and with as little mere manipulation and cumbersomeness as possible. In fact, the plan Is 
Ideal. and Is so pronounced by all Intelligent teachers who hove examined It. 

:i, THE NEW PACKARD ARITHMETIC, which Is already a standard book In commercial 
schools, and covers all the requisites of a text-hook of the first order, 

mlopted lu most of the Shorthand Schools teaching this system. 

Any teacher who desires to examine any of these books with a view to their 
nee will do well to communicate with 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, - 101 East 23d St., New York. 


Do your Pupils Write Backhand? 

Remedy the evil by ^\ing copies slanted slightly to the right aiul 
the result will be a roniid liaiul writing nearly vertical. 

Observation among pupils who practice from veitical co]>ies shows 
a very large percentage writing backhand. 

Teachers can correct this fault hv using 



W. L. FGLTBR, Principal Qraniinar School No. 15. Brooklyn. N. Y. 

"There has been a decided Improvement In the penmanship afnce we Introduced the Intermedial Copy 
J. A. QRAVeS. Principal South School. Hartford, Conn. 

"My judgment of the case Is that the Intermedial Is destined to supplant both the older slant and the 
newer vertical systems," 
nUi JOSEPHINE e. ROOBRS, Prest. Association Primary Principals. New York City. 

" I can speak of Smith's Intermedial Copy Bonks only In the highest terms, and could I show the results 
obtained In my school (mor.' than 1000 children) after using them less than three months, and with teachers 
wholly unprepared for a change of system, every one would Join with me In praise of them." 

Specimen Pages of Copy Books Free. Correspondence Solicited, 

H. P. Smith Publishing Co., - II East 16th St., New York City. 

the doing of it- 

No student has had a thorough, practical, complete 
business education if he has not learned the things 
BUSINESS IS DONE." He may possibly be able 
to learn them outside of this book, but he probably 
won't get a better understanding of them. We don't 
know how the boak could be made simpler, plainer 
or more sensible. Don't know how it could describe 
more accurately, more minutely, more interestingly, 
the methods used in all kinds of business transac- 
tions. It tells in detail about the " little things " of 
every-day business practice. For instance : 

What to Avoid in Writing Checics. How to Make a Bank Deposit. How to 
Stop Payment on a Check, How to Gel a Check Certified, How to Buy a Bank 
Draft, What Forms of Endorsement to Use. About Guaranteeing Others' Paper. 
How to Draw Through a Certain Bank, The Difference Between National Banks 
and Savings Banks and Trust Companies, About the Care of Trust Funds. How to 
TellTCounterfeit lyloney, Cost of Shipping by Express and by Freight, etc., etc. 

The book is well illustrated with engravings of 
business forms, etc. Price, cloth, $r.oo. Every com- 
mercial school needs such a book. 

0. M. POWERS, 

7 Monroe Street, 

A New Business Practice. — Have You Seen It? 

Goodyear's Business Practice in Wholesaling anil Commission, may be taken 
after any system of theoretical Bookkeeping, or as an advanced course after auy 
other system of Bn.siness Practice. It introdiicea a large number of Inter-Commnni- 
cation Transactions. 

Every transaction is natural and spontaneous, and in touch with modern 
business usages. The work is intensely interesting to student and teacher. It is 
full of surprises to the .student. He watches the mails and the markets with ,is 
much interest as the real business man. 

The new Practice is adjustable to every condition in a commercial school. It 
can be taken by one student or any number of students in business. Intercommnni- 
cation with other schools may be introduced or omitted. The teacher can organizf 
and control the business class with little trouble. 

For samples of the New Practice and Catalogue of our entire series "f 
Commercial Publications, address 

THE QOODVEAR PUBLISHING CO., 334 Dearborn Street, Chicago. 


They are made of specially preparoil STEEL, by an entirely NEW and 
ORIGINAL PROCESS, by the aid of the latest AMERICAN Machinery. 

We can confidently assert that there is no make, FOREIGN OR DOMESTIC, 
equaling the same in point of excellence. 

The Eagle Vertical Pens have been pronounced by the best authorities 
of the Vertical System to be superior to all others, and are particular y 
recommended for use In Vertical Writing. 


Of the numerous styles of other Steel Pens which we manufacture, we 
recommend the No. E ITO for Primary Grades, and the Nos. E 120, E 410, E l'"'. 
E 470, E 480 for advanced or higher grades. 


Works : vnKR^ ^^"^ '""' S^'^^''""'" ■ 

703 to 735 East I3tb St. ^^^ yOKJi. 377.379 Broadway. 


// you wish to learn to write practi^ 
cally, draw artistically, or teach scientif^ 
ically, attend the 


the leading school of penmanship and draw= 
ing in the world. Circular for the asking. 
Sample copy of The PENMAN AND ARTIST, 
free. Finest stationery for penmen. 

What a Blessing! 

Why worry ovev a poor, thin, scratchy steel 
pen, wheu by askinfr yuu may have a grood one I 
Try tbe best of all steel pens, A. s. Bah.nes iS Co. '8 

I T->.= P.D.&S.--. 

All useful varietiefi. Send for ^ 

A- S.BARNES & CO.. Makers, 166 Firth Ave., N.Y. 

Esterbrook's New Pens 

-FOR — 

Vertical Writing. 

F ""'i yon shonUl lose no time in writing 
«or samples, and then ordering supplies 
thrnngh the stationer. 

N''i. 5.-|6, Vertical Writer, fine. 

^0. 570, Vertical Writer, medinm. 

1 on will be sure to like them, as they 
*''<= eiactly adapted for their pnrpose. 

The EsterbrooTsteel Pen Co., 

«6 JOHN ST., imW YORK. 
Wo^M<8, CAMDEN, N. J. 


I I I ■" ,= .< Forihe New, I 

I office, school or home. wuiaA 


Osgood & Co., 237 1 



postage^ a ce 



Honest Reader! It matters little at what Angle you write, be it Vertical 
Semi Vertical, Slant of any deRree (less than 45), provided your work is consistent 
and the strokes kept parallel. Don't be misled into copying Ancient Poreitn 
Outrageous or Obsolete Styles of letters, but 

Be an American!! 

and stick to the American Style. It can be written at any angle, looks better 
and IS faster, as well as more economical of space than any Imported hand (See 
EUsworth's "Lessons and Lectures" for proof, $2.00). Send 25 cents to us for 
samples of such Copy Books, large or small, primary or advanced, vertical or slant 
bound in the 

Newly Patented Reversible Form 

that overcomes the objections to the regulation copy book ' 

Don't be a CLAM or a BEGGAR, but meet us half way with cash in band 
to reward our life long efforts for the public good ! At least send for our free Cir- 
culars, Price Lists, Calendar or Description and Opinions of our Up-to-Date 
improvements that have set the pace for all our competitors for years. 

The Ellsworth Company, 

PUBLISHERS, - 127 Duane Street, New York. 

eminent quality of 
M, ... .'',^*'^ toregnlna pa., 
"lotts whole .lerles of buslncBs and Bcholaatl. 

91 JOHN St., neNRY HOE, 

NKWVOBK. Sole Agent. 

Tlie Columbia Chainless 

of good 
thinfjs. StriklDf^ly handsome in ap- 
pearance, with weather proof bearings 
and its (Treat strength of r}% Nickel 
Steel Tubing, it is the perfection of 

Columbia Chain Wheels 

are known in every clime-,Standorcl 
of the World In their class. These 
sold for SI50, being 
gradually reduced to their present 
price of $75. Not through any 
cheapening of material, but rather 
by our increased facilities, advanced 
metho<ls and knowledge of the art. 
They are also made of the famou.o.'i,^ 
Nickel Steel Tubing. 

Second only to t'olumbias in beauty, 
strength and excellence of construc- 
tion. Vou cannot find a bicycle any- 
,._ at «m. ...... 

tubing of an equal iiuality to " Fio- 
" Fifty Point Carbon steel Tub 
ing used in Hartford bicycles. Prices, 
J.ilJ and ««, 

mtet the demand for a medium priced 
bicycle, and have created a new and 
unequaled value of bicycle excellence. 
Prices, an and $(5. 

POPE IMFG. CO., Hartford, Conn. 

Handsomest Arc Catalogue evor iHsuetl by mail 
to any address for one li-cent stamp, or fret- 
by calling CO aoy Columbia dea'ler. 



"Cbousands of Students 

Hrc dailjc looking forward to the time when 
they will bold commercial positions of trust. 
Knowledge of Stenography and Cypewriting 
and the possession of a Machine will, without 
question, increase the student's earning capacity. 


Chen, the typewriter that has always been the 
Leader in Improvements ; the best machine for 
the School Room and the Office, /$ fi fi fi /^ 

Xhz Smith premier Typewriter. 




One Voliimo. Qiinrtos Cloth i Illiiatrateil. Net. !«3.30. 

"This book is one of the fliiPst ever published for iiistrurtlnn In the Art of Drawing: and 
Bhouhl be in the hands of all aspirinir Artists. It not only contains hundreds of valuable illus- 
trations but a wealth of valuable information about drawing, painting and enKraving.' 

The Zanerian. Columbus, Ohio. 




STw 1\ F.I'KOPS. 

A Rriof History of Arehitcr-i 

Goodyear's History of A rt 1 1 , - i i , i - ' i i 
the subjci't The ni-w oililinii ju-i 1--11. .1 , 
Painting nml the History of riusic. 

A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 

linn 11 iiin-i rated chapters on Modern 

156 Fifth Ave., NEW YORK. 


New York to ^ \^ ^J "]^ I » 1 J!^ini Return, 


S35 30 '""™'""' """"'' ^'■'P' First-Class Round Trip J^Q Qfj 

s:l.;.-> \il,liliuiii,i inrliiilo Riiiiiiil Trio iiii Ihe 

Beautiful St Johns River. 

FviU particulars nnd BEAUTIFULLY ILLUSTRATED HOOKLET in reirard to 
" Florida, South Carolina, Georgia. Ac ." mailed freeupon application to 


W. II. HENDERSON. (I. E. I". A., W. II. WARBURTON. <J. T. P. A. 

.'S llonliiia tireen. N. V. 3 Bunline (irecn, N. V, 

T. <i. E<iER. TraOlc Miinnger, \VM. P. CLYDE * CO., OenernI Aaenls, 

.t BonlWic (Irreii. N. Y. 5 Bonliiia lireen. N. V. I'i So. DrInnare .Ave., Pliilii 

•r Paper (1,000 sh 
, CkkIi with order. 
AMES oi KUl.L,lNSON CO.. -iO'i Broad 

. SxlOMiu., 10 lbs., for SI. 40 
New Yorli. 

The Crowning Triumph 

of a long and successful career — 




standard Typewriter. 

The Always-Best Typewriter 
made better yet. 


327 Broadway, New York. 

Cost Is One Consideration, 


THE BUDGET SYSTEM was constructe 
without regard to cost. THE BEST was wanted, an 
after the expenditure of an enormous sum, THE BES 
ON EARTH WAS SECURED. But the Budget S\ 
tem is not expensive. It is the cheapest system on tli 
market using the business papers from the start. It i 
one thing to quote prices for a ten weeks' course, and i 
is quite another for a full course of study. Our csi 
mates cover everything. No extras. We give moi 
material for a given sum than in any other system jml 

American National Banking is going into scores. 
new schools, — schools using other systems, schools th.: 
never taught banking before. A complete outfit — Reti 
ence-book. Budget, Blanks and Stationery — sent, e.xprt 

prepaid, for $2.00. W,e also sell Arithmetics — loads 
them. Also the New Method Speller, the best t 
printed, especially for shorthand students. 

We do not give away outfits, but we do meet thc 
sires of every teacher that wants tO investigate. 

Send for circulars and price-list. 

W. H. SADLER, Publisher, 



n. T. Ames. Foun 


irrirrirrB'TTrrinrffrTOTrrrinn^ n^nnnnf tq 

'•300 Graded Pen Copies in Rapid Business Wril 
At the present time our records show strongly commendatory letters 
plan — and this seems to have been written under a misapprehension a 

Last month we printed the portraits of ai6 leading penmen a 
part of this issue, and we also reproduce a lot of condensed testini 
will be the portraits printed in this connection. Other portraits and : 

For the present, subscriptions may begin with the December 

im nearly 500 leading penmen e 
the scope and purpose of the 
teachers who have strongly c( 
ials. The autographs used in t 
ographs will follow, 
urnal so as to take in the entii 

'ill be found ' 




Comment by the Way. 

HE editor desires to 
thank those friends 
who have written let- 
ters congratulatory 
upon hiR becomiDg edi- 
tor and commendatory 
of the January number 
of The Journal. 

A number of very inter- 
esting articles and illustra- 
tions are awaiting their 
turn for publication in The 

It is gratifying to note the 
interest and enthusiasm in, and the growth of, commer- 
cial and penmanship teachers* associations. These meet- 
ings do more to advance the interests of al) concerned 
than any other one thing. The Commercial Teachers' 
Association, which meets in New York on the first Sat- 
urday morning of every month, is a body that will un- 
duiibtedly accomplish much for commercial education if 
encouraged by the commerciil teachers of the country. 
From the tact that it meets so frequently it is necessary 
III have a psrman^ut meeting place, and as New York is 
tbn metropolis and is accessible to a greater number of 
t-^Hi'hers than any other place, this city was selected. 
1-it the benefits and memberebtii are not limited to 
: w York. It i-i the desire to work for the good of 

lumercial education in the United States and Canada, 
Hud it is hoped and expected that commercial teachers 
iu both countries will become members of the associa- 
tion. The membership fee, which includes annual dues, 
is but one dollar. As soon as a sufficient number of 
members is secured to make it financially possible, the 
I'upers read and discussed at these meetings will be 
printed and milled to all members. In this way out-of- 
town members can get benefits of papers and discus- 
sions. A reading ot the proceedings of this association 
as printed in The Journal for December, January and 
this issue will give an idea how interesting and instruct- 
ive the gatherings are. From the list of papers and 
discussions printed in this issue of The Journal, a very 
I'l ofitable season's work is in store for members of the 
C>immercial Teachers' Association. 

The Journal firmly believes in organized association 
work. No commercial teacher can belong to too many 
Ruch bodies. No matter to what other similar organiza- 
tions you belong, join this one. It need not interfere 
with your attendance at or loyalty to other associations. 
% addressiog Charles M. Miller, Secretary, Commercial 
Teachers' Association, 101 East Twenty-third Street, 
^ew York, full information may be obtained. 

The fight to take away the privilege of mailing as 
second-class matter (one cent a pound) circulars, college 
.ionrnals, etc., issued regularly four times a year by reg- 
ularly incorporated schools is on. Mr. Loud of Califor- 
the Chairman of House ot Representatives Com- 
Juittee on Post Offices and Pos'. Roads, is determined 
that schools shall pay circular postage. At tbe Chicago 
l^'^'^ting of the Commercial Teachers' Federation, W. N. 
Ferris, Big Rapids, Mich., chairman; Carl C. Marshall, 
i^attle Creek, Mich., secretary; Enos Spencer, Louis- 
ville, Ry.; G. -^ Elliott, Burlington, la.; J. "W. Warr, 

J'-'line, 111,, were appointed a committee to solicit funds 
;^>a act for the best interests of commercial schools. 
\\t haven't beRU infonued as to the plans of this com- 

iuttee, but we think it would be well (as time is lim- 

ited) for all interested commercial school proprietors 
and teachers to write to the Representative from their 
Congressional district and to both Senators from their 
State about the matter. 

There seem ^ to b3 an epidemic of check raising and 
altering by means of acids going over the country. The 
plan is to open mail boxes in cities, abstract checks from 
letters, alter amounts where necessary, remove names 
of payees with acids and make checks payable to bearer 
and then cash them. The alterations are so skillfully 
done that it is next to impassible to detect them with a 
strong manifying glass. Several such cases have been 
brought to the professional notice of The Journal's 
editor by banks, and the question is asked. Who is the 
loser by the transaction, the drawer of the check or the 
bank 't All decisions of the Courts have held that the 
bank mast bear tbe loss. 

In the past six weeks The Journal's editor has trav- 
eled about 4,000 miles and has visited thirty or more 
business schools. These schools are in widely separated 
parts of the country; some in large cities, others in 
smill towns, some of them had large attendance, others 
enrolled a small number of students. Prom the propri- 
etors of all of these institutions we learned that the at- 
tendance was ahead of last year, and in some cases 
ahead of any previous year, aad that the prospects were 
bright for even a better attendance. 

From present indications the demand for commercial 
teachers will be better the coming season than for sev- 
eral years past. Already applications are reaching The 
■Journal for teachers to begin work in the fall of 1898. 
It is too early yet to tell whether this demani will be 
brisk enough to increase salaries. School proprietors 
are becoming more fastidious than formerly in the 
selection of teachers. They are more discriminating 
and are better able to pick out a good teacher from a 
lot of applicants. They seem to know exactly what 

they want and how to get it. All of which is encourag- 
ing to the good teacher. Well prepared teachers (not 
necessarily experienced teachers), teachers with good 
general education, fome knowledge of methods with 
good executive ability, a first-class training in a spe- 
cialty, and of good address, are the kind iu demand. The 
latter qualification is not considered of sufficient impor- 
tance by some teachers. We know of several teachers 
who made good impressions on paper, but whose address 
and personal appearance were so against them that they 
lost good places. In a few of these cases the teachers 
had traveled long distances, and all arrangements had 
been concluded, but upon the school proprietor person- 
ally " sizing up" the new teacher, he (the proprietor) 
hesitated about having hts patrons judge his school 
from the teacher. The matter of personal appearance 
is given considerable weight nowadays by commercial 
school proprietors, and teachers would do well to keep 
it in mind. 

On all sides we hear of commercial teachers and 
school proprietors favoring longer courses of study. It 
is only a question of time until the majority of oar 
American commercial schools will have courses of one 
to three years in length. Most of the schools would ex- 
tend the time for completing a course right now, if 
their patrons had the time and money. As soon as the 
public is educated to the point of spending more time 
(and consequently more money) and preparing for a 
business career more thoroughly, it will find the Ameri- 
can commercial school proprietors ready. School pro- 
prietors can educa^.e the public in this respect, and in 
the long 

it will benefit all concerned. 

The next meeting of the Business Educators' Associa- 
tion of America (Business College Depirtment of Na- 
tional Educational Association) will be held in Wash- 
ington, D. C, week beginning July 5, ISiis, Particulars 
may be had from D W. Springer, P^e^ident, Ann Arbor, 
Mich., and Allan Davis, Bjys' Commercial High School, 
Washington, D. C. 

/ {^-^^^4 ^^■ 


26 JB^B^~«S'StCTiirtiCi7R^Q/^K.6aa^ 

Three Hundred Graded Pen Copies In Rapid Business Writing. 

TO THE TEACUEK.-TbcMP copieN, nriiteu with n sirone free movement, arc pboto-eneraved iu exnctly (be same Hize nud represent ncIUal pen work att nenr ns iiliH poxsible 
fodo Irom any plate. Tbey arc not made to look pretty i they are meant TO RE OF V!^£. They will fit into and supplement your work without eonflictinic at any point. PROVID- 
IN4; youlbelieve in and teach plain rapid buHiness waiting. The Copies may be cut from the paper and used Just as any other copy ttllps. printed or written, are used. lultbis way 
■ hey may be prenerved indefinitely. 

Bend^every word of explanation relatiug to this course of instruction on page 221 of Dec. JOlJltNALt with which number the instruction beffins. Remember that in this 
course thc^C'opies do the main part of Ol'B lalkiug. If YOlJ consider it advisable to give additional instractioo to your students in connection with the Copies, the door Is wide 
opeD. In any event you can make the course much more valuable to them by your advice and direction. (See Mr. Kelchner's hints on page 29.) 

Have all subs, begin with December. 

Lesson No. 9. 

'^t)...j:2- .00 000 ooooooooooooao o oooooooc?oo 

<S 'S. ^ ^jS' <jr'v5"c5'>-5~v3~cr<j5",jfcjrt_r<jro5"c5~crc:r<j5-cr"^5->^~cr •j- ,^ ^^r '^^ <jr ^^ <$- ^s' 
/o(o^^ /cents' / o Cp ^^ /(5^(^v^cj~ / o (^ ^k5~ /cp6^-^s' / 6 ^ ^ 

Lesson No. lo 



%-77 7 7 77 7 777 7 y 7 77777777777777 7 777777 
i7o6^<s^3J2.r(^ Y / o 6"^^^ Ji J^c^ Y / (p6^^>jji ^Y / / o <^^^^:i<f^'^ Y 

/ J2. ^ ^>^ G Y <f^ Y <^ /jZ'^^'^&Y'^f^^-^'^'^^'^/'^Y'^ / ^^^'^ <i Y'^f^ 


Lesson No. ii. 

■(^■y(§^ @^cS/(5--xS' (^r^^S- (S-^S- @^ (S-- (5^ ^S- *S' 

£>:.... //r /a A'^ /^ /^ Y^ /^ A'^ y^ y^ y^^ y^ '7^ v^ v^ y^ ~/^ 

...^<^..^ ^/cy ^/cy "^/cy ^/cy '^cy ^cy ^cy ^/cy ^/c^ "^cy ^^ ^v^ '^cy ^ y^ "^ 

-jj:^ -ycy "ycy y^^^ •^ycy '^7cy ^cy "yc^ "ycy "-yc^ "ycy "ycy 'ycy 'Vi 

Lesson No. 12. 

zi.(^.6/^Lf ^ r^/ /ji<=s^^^Y t^ o i^c^y^ ^•^ y^^y y^y^y^, y^ yi^ yr 

Lesson No. 13. 

'^/^..X^it^-^tt^t- .J:tti^ \ti:t^ ...i:tt:t^ ..Xi^:^ 
!i^ _/^// ^,,//// ,.//// _//// _-//// ..////^ 


Lesson No. 14. 




EDITOR'S Calendar. 

How TO See the Point and Place It. By John G.Scott. 
Published by the Laconic Publishing Co., 123 Liberty 
St.. New York. Price 20 cents. 

this IS u neat brochure of forty pages devoted to 
pucctuatioq without rules of grammar. It is a unique 
worlt. and worth at least twice its cost to any business 
teacher or student. The whole subject of punctuation is 
presented in a very lucid and simple style. 
MoKee's New Standard Shorthand. McKee Publish- 
ing Co., IfilT Main St., Buffalo, N. V. 
This is the latest work of the well-known shorthand 
author. Charle.s E. McKee. In the short time that 
the work has been on the market it has found its way 
Into an unusual number of schools where the teaching 
of shorthand is a leading feature. The system intro- 
duces new principles. " Simplicity, brevity, legibility and 
' ease " are the objective points. We are in receipt of a 
circular embodying a large number of very flattering 
recommendations from teachers who have tested the sys- 
tem in their schools and have adopted it in consequence. 

The EDITOR'S Scrap Book. 

— Bart Bean, Cresco, la., asks to be enrolled in The 
JouKNAL Excbange Department as an amateur. 

— The scrap book is particularly rich this month in 
the number and variety of specimens received. Con- 
spicuous among these are a number of beautifully exe- 
cuted designs in "automatic" lettering, showing that 
there is a distinct revival in popularity of this sort of 

Sen work. That accomplished penman, F. O. Gardiner, 
al. B. C, sends a beautiful Christmas design. Other 
handsome specimens of the same kind are from H. C. 
Walker, St Louie C. C. ; E. G. Henry, Slocamville. R. I. ; 
G. W. Hess, Brown's B. C, Ottawa, 111. ; A. B. Cushman, 
Humboldt, Kans. 

— A beautiful little hand made Christmas card comes 
from fl. B. Behrensmeyer, Gem City B. C , Quincy, 111. 

— The new business card of E. L. Brown, Bockland, 
Me., is a work of art. 

— E. C. Grant, West Mitchell^ la., sends a well drawn 
design for an envelope. 

— J, M. Reaser, Dover, N. Y., B. C, contributes a pen 
portrait of W. J. Bryan. 

— In line of fancy work we haven't had such an out- 
pouring for months. The specimens are uniformly good. 
The following penman are represented: E W. Van Kirk, 
Wichita, Kans.; O. J. Penrose. Augustaoa B. C, Rock 
Island, lU.; W. K. Cook. Hartford, Conn., B. C; T. M. 
Williams, Actual B. C, Pittsburg. Pa ; G. W. Harman, 
Mechanicsburg. Oliio (a particularly dainty engraved 
design printed in colors) ; G. T. Brice, yhawneetown, 
lU." J. D. Parker, ChiUicothe Nor. Sch., Mo.; C. E. Ball 
Acdy. of Bu3,, Fredonia, W. Y. (with a graceful shaded 

— A variety of pen work, including flourishing, card 
writing, script, capitals and exercises, has been received 
from W. E. Wilson and F. B. Cornwall of the Columbian 
C. C, Evansville, Ind. 

— Some dainty cards written with white ink on black- 
board bear the imprint of F. S. Harroun, Ft. Scott, 
Kans., Nor. CoU. L, C. HortoD, Coleman's B. C, New- 
ark, N. Y., contributes some of the most graceful cards 
we have seen in manyafineday. Rapid business cap- 
itals of excellent quality are sent by D B. Anderson, 
Highland Park Nor. Coll., Des Moines. la., and H. A. 
Howard, Rockland Com'l Coll., Rockland, Me. Another 
Bet of plain capitals, together with a number of beauti- 
fully executed signature combinations, have been re- 
ceived from that very promising penman. A. W. Walker, 
Elsmere, Del. Gracefully made, fancy shaded capi- 
tals with card combinations come from J. E Thornton, 
Carrollton, Ga. A well executed set of capitals is sub- 
mitted by the students of T. fl. Gatlin, Adell, Texas. 

— If the " kids " of the profession have any sort of 
idea that they know it all, it would be a wholesome les- 
son to glance at the letters and specimens The Journal 
has recently received from " vets" of the profession. 
This includes such men as A. P. Root, Kmgsnlle, Ohio; 
D. L. Musselmau, Quincy, 111.; H. W. Flickinger, Phila- 
delphia; Lyman P. Spencer, Newark, N. J.; L. B. Law- 
sou. Grand Junction, Colo.; H. W. Shay lor, Portland, 
Me.; Fielding Schotield, Utica, N. Y.; D. H, Farley, 
Trenton, N. J.; F. W. H. Wieshehahn, St. Louis. Let- 

ters from these received during the past few weeks, 
some of them inclosing specimens, show that these " old 
boys " have lost none of their pen cunning. Our scrap 
book will be greatly enriched by these contributions. 

— J. H. Smith, penman Sullivan & Chrichton's B. C, 
Atlanta. Ga , senls us a letter written in vertical style 
showing that he is as much a master of this style as he 
is universally conceded to be of slant writing. The Pub- 
lic Schools of Atlanta have made the teaching of verti- 
cal writing compulsory. Whatever the penman's indi- 
vidual opinion may be it is a mighty good idea to equip 
himself to do any sort of work that may be required of 
him professionally. Smith is one of our most graceful 
writers. k 

— A. R. Whitmore, of the Scrauton, Pa . B. C. sends 
some of the smoothest script specimens that we have 
examined in a long time. The line has a lithographic 
evenness. Some of the specimens are in vertical writ- 
ing, and all bear evidence of rapid execution. 

— A variety of beautiful specimens reach us with the 
compliments of T. S. Overby, of the Northern III. Coll. 
of Pen Art, Dixon, 111. If he keeps on he will make 
some of the professionals hump themselves. 

— We may say the same thing without flattery of a 
number of signatures s^nt by E. R. May, a tif teen-year- 
old student at Stanley's B. C, Thomasville, Ga, 

— That master of delicate pen strokes, E. M. Barter, 
Cherokee, Texas, incloses some dainty lines in a beauti- 
fully written letter. 

— J. D. Valentine. Bellefonte, Pa., is good both at 
plain and fancy writing, as; evidenced by a number of 
specimens recently received. 

— A number of sets of J capitals executed with a cer- 
tain angularity of stroke that gives them a unique ap- 
pearance are signed by I. C. Colcord, Kettle Falls, Wash. 
As novelties they are interesting. 

— Vigor and dash are characteristics of the script of 
J. W. Hazlett, Mulberry, Ind. A written page by him 
has a flue pictorial quality. 

— A variety of name combinations and a letter writ- 
ten in a small, elegant style are contributed by C. E. 
Rust, Brandon, Vt. 

— The Terre Haute, Ind., Com'l Coll. is served by 
two very capable penmen, if we may judge from speci- 
mens received from J. I. Miller and L. B. D'Armond of 
the faculty. 

— Capitals, signatures, movement exercises— all good 
—come from D. S. Hill, EUendale Com'l Coll., Curdsville, 

—Handsome script specimens come from A. B.'Black, 
Ohreburg, Pa. 

— F. O. Gardiner of the Stockton, Cal., B. C. submits 
several sets of beautifully made capitals. 

— A daintily penned card has been received from C. 
A. Bernhard, Com'l Dept. Univ. of the Pacific, College 
Park, Cal. 

— C. W. Ransom sends some script work in his best 
style. It is characterized by rare grace and delicacy. 
We are pleased to know that he is building up a fine 

mail business. 


— L. M. Kelchner, Prin. Penmanship Department 
Northern III. Normal School, Dixon, 111., has sent The 
Journal a package of specimens showing the improve- 
ment made in three months by several of bis pupils. 
The work is all smooth and uniform, giving evidence 
that the student has not only mastered form, but speed 
and movement also. Mr. Kelchner and his pupils are to 
be congratulated upon the exc_ellent showing made. 
Every letter is as plain as print, and the work gives evi- 
dence of having been dashed off rapidly. The ote show- 
ing the most improvement is John Schulte; second 
best, William A. Meyer; third, Hattie King; fourth. A. 
J. Case. Among the others whose work is worthy of 
notice are C. W. Ruble, Maggie Newlin, Conrad Isaacs, 
Marie Stapleford. J. C. Jones, Burt Mclntyre, fleniy 
Miller, and F, H. Jackson. 

— Good examples of business writing and movement 
exercises have been received from E. D. Bell, a pupil of 
F. S. Harroun, Kansas N. C, Ft. Scott, Kansas. 

— "We have a large and very elaborate compact move- 
ment exercise design by Will W. Farnell, a student at 
the Utica, N. Y., B. C, under Fielding Schofield. It is a 
highly creditable production 

— W. H. Beacom, penman of the Goldey Com'l Coll., 
Wilmington. Del., submits a number of specimens .-show- 
ing the regular daily drill of his classes. The small " 1 '* 
is treated, the letter being repeated throughout an 
entire page of foolscap. The bpecimens that we have 
fhow that Beacom has the boys w.:ll under control, and 
they are bound to b-*corae good writers. We takepleas- 
ure m giving. individual credit to Geo. G. Duke, Walter 
W Melson, Geo. T. Tobin. R. T. Godwin, Lily Stirling. 
John Harvey Tate, W. E. Douglas. C. H. Huber. J. B. 
Wright, E. B. Wilson. G. V. Hastings, W. A. Webb. 

— Under the instruction of A. J. Scarborough the stu- 
dents of Drake's Jersey City B. C. are coming to the 
front in great shape in their writing work. This con- 
clusion comes from a careful examination of their class 
work. The following are among those whose work enti- 
tles them to individual mention: Robert W. Ritten- 
house, Geo. Behreus, A. J. Van Wagoner, Agnes L. 
Brady, N. B. Smith, M. A. Higgins 

~E. W. Van Kirk, Wichita, Kans., is a stanch advo- 
cate of rapid business writing, and naturally his stu- 
dents catch the infection. Specimens from Earl Fitch, 
Goldie Millia, and Clara Mulligan, after eight weeks' 
practice, bear testimony to this fact. 

— S. L. Olver of St. Louis Com'l Coll. believes in 
plenty of good movement exercises, 'i'he result of a 
number of class drills is before us. We desire to compli- 
ment especially S. B. Hoppins, Jesse French, Jr., and 
Jno. C. Berthold. 

— We have long known C. A. Braniger to be a good 
writer and a successful teacher. Some of the smoothest 
students' work that we have recently seen is sent by him 
from the Mountain State Businets Coll., Parkersburg, 
W. Va. Writing and complex movement exercises are 
submitted. Miss Jeanet Burget and R. B. Miller are 
bright particular stars. 

— J. W. Jones sends us the work of some of his stu- 
dents in the public schools of Mt. Auburn, la. Taking 
age into consideration, the best writers are Sadie Hall 
and Laura Furry. 

— The Journal has received from E. H. Ealy of the 
State Nor. Sch.. Cape Girardeau Mo., a number of speci- 
mens in the vertical style, which is prescribed bv that 
school. The work is very neat and orderly, legible as 
print, and is about as purely upright as any writing we 
ever saw. It seems to have been made with a free 
movement. We give special mention to Alma Juden, 
Amy Harder, Pearl Carlin, Charlie Mercer, H. F. Ru- 
dert. Elsie Dodson. 

— Prom W. L. Starkey. of Erasmus Hall High Sch., 
Brooklyn, we have a number of pages embodying the 
writing and movement exercises of his pupils. This 
school also teaches vertical writing solely. Mr. Starkey 
says that the more he sees of it the better he likes it. 
We have no data as to the speed of execution, but the 
writing itself, in the specimens of apparently the more 
advanced students, bear the ear marks of quick execu- 
tion. We think, for example, that Evelyn Gtegerich and 
Mamie Dowd write about as rapidly as the average stu- 
dent of slant writing. Others who may be mentioned 
for superior work are Lillian Teves, Ralph Gunther and 
Adelia Krusa. 

— A package containing specimens from probably 
not less than fifty students comes to us from F. L. 
Haeberle, penmanship teacher at the State Nor. Sch., 
Millersville, Pa. Vertical also has a call in this school, 
though we are not certain that it is compulsory. In 
point of fact the specimens in question are written at 
various slants, and some of them afford a very interest- 
ing study of the transition stage. Whether slanted or 
verticil the work is neat, orderly, and done with a free 
movement. We unhesitatingly pronounce it of the 
highest credit, bjth to the students and to the teacher. 
Scores of pages show no blot or erasure, and the great 
majority of specimens are free from the ear marks of 
slow fiuger movement. Space does not permit us to 
mention all the deserving writers, but it will do no 
harm to name a few: Thos. F. O'Brien, Sara J. Lee, Ro- 
sella H Burke, Sarah G. Swigert, Libbie L. Burke, 
Elizabeth Stoner, Ethel O. Frick. Jennie S. Grosh. 

The Way One Well Known Teacher Looks 

at It. 

No, thank you. No club rates forme. The enterprise 
and public spirit displayed in the publication of such a 
maga/.ineas The Penman's Art Journal commends it 
to the support of every true teacher, and 81 is a meager 
compensation.— 6Virts. T. Plait, Hartford Bus. Cull., 
Hartford, Conn. 


Auxiliary Exercises in Connection with " 300 Graded Pen Copies in 
Rapid Business Writing." 

The following exercises are in harmony with, and apply to, the same stage of instruction as the main copies on 
pages 36 and 27. They may also be used iudependently, with excellent results Lest the student should undertake to 
do too much, we advise him to consult his teacher before using these copies in couuectiou with the main ones. 

These copies are the contr bution of seven well-known penmen, to wit ; Division A'— by E. M. Barber , Packard's 
Bus College, New York; O— C. H. Peirce, Evansville, Ind., Public Schools; P— C. P. Zaner, Columbus, O. ; y-H. 
C Spencer, Providence, R I , Evening High School; /<— E A. Newcomer, New Jersey Bus. Coll., Newark, N J ; 
*-M. H. Fox, Y. M. C. A. Eveuing School, Brooklyn, N. Y.; 7'— M. K. Bussard, Iowa City, la., Com'l Coll. 




y /_^^>^^^^f4^^<,^^£^^_--*4zy%:^^^^ 

columns doi 

Copy No. 

Rroups on a 

rae number on a line i 

1 the paRf). 

See how well "yon cft' 

tbat they will i 

■ite a paKe. Seven 

T.<»!wn tO^toplrs .17, HH, 50, 00, «/. G9 and 63. 

Figures 3, 2, 8, 9 find 7 Rronplng of fifirtirea in order given 
ind the HKuros as Hiey come in general order. 
Write one-haK nf a page of each of copies 57, fi8, fiP. 60 and 61. 

' page. Four groups c 

fault at first 

Copy No. 63. Write . 
in the order given. 

Copy No. m. One page. Write between lines as well as on 
each hue. 

, You should be able now to write from 9 to 12 sets of figures 
Tiinute and mnke good readable figures. 

U\H.son J l—rnpiis ti4. fi.T. ««. «?, <iS fuifl Off. 

Dollar sign, characters for "at,"" "care of," "per cent." 

Copy No. til. Maketthe " .s *' pnrt first Cross with one or 
two down strokes. Write about one-half of a page of each of 

copies Ii4, (15, m, (17 and 08 \ 

i page of copy lUi before you 

rk often and note i 

change. Uo back and : 

Copy No. 05. Make the a the same as you do in writing. 
Make oval with a free rotary movemont. 

Copy No. liti Make straignt line two spaces above line and 
one below. Make letters v and o small. 

Copy No. 67. Make ovals small. Pause at bottom of 
straight line before raising the pen from the paper. Try to 
make down strokes straight and all of the same slant. 

Copy No. 69. Write one page just like copy. Watch closely 
the height and slant of signs and figures. Keep your pages 
clean. Do no scribbling. 

Lc/mon IS-CopUs 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, and 75. 

Fractions H. %> %> *. fi. «, h S. and review copies. 

Write at least S lines of each of copies 70, 71, i^ and "3 before 
you change to next copy. 

Use one-half the space between lines for (he dividing line 
and make dividing line first. Make the figures for fractions 
small, and keep them close to dividing line. 

Copies 74 and 75. Write one page of each. Do your best. 
Use a good movement and a fair rate of speed. 

Have some one dictate and see how well you can write a 

E age of figures from dictation. Don't give up working on 
gures until you can make U)i) figures from dictation per 
minute, and such that any one can read them at a glance. 


, 7S. 

SO, Stand S'». 

Movement exeicises, small tetters / and d and word copies. 
Copy No. 70. Write one-half of a page. This exercise fa to 
ive you the idea of the movement to be used in making the 
tters t and d. It is intended to limber up the writing mus- 
es in such a way that you will have no trouble in securing 

1 the word copies keep same words o 

) trouble 
naking the letters. 
The balance of the copies in this lesson you should write 
)n6 page before you change 
Try both styles of t and c 

n a group and same numbe_ , . .„ 

o get down strokes the same slant, but avoid slanting the 
down strokes too much— a common fault at first. Try to get 

I tine 

See" to it that you make as wide spacing lietween tetters as 
copy. You must get the small letters separated iC you wish 
to write a style that is easy to read. 

Zrsson 14-<oit(f.t S:i, H4, H5, SO, S7, SH and S9. 

Small letters;? and </, word copies and review letters. 

Take up copy No. 76 for a few minutes and use this "as a 
preliminary exercise to get the writing musjles in good con- 

Write a iioge of each copy before you take up the next. 
Try both stvle^ofp. 

Studywell each letter. Note height, slant and spacing in 
both letters and words. See if you can get as smooth and 
strong lines as copy. 

" ■ ' ' ' the copies just as they come in 

A Problem and a Compliment. 

Apropos ot an item which appeared in Jan. Journal 
in answer to a correspondent, to the effect that The 
Journal did not undertake to give reasons why the 
great majority of commercial school proprietors and 
teachers subscribed for the paper on its Permanent or 
Professional List at the regular price of ?1.00 a year 
even though they give the paper to their studente at the 
regular clubbing reduction, we have recevied a letter 
from VV. L. Dick, Pierceton, Ind. Brother Dick pro- 
pounds about nineteen reasons, philosophical, physiologi- 
cal, etc., all equally convincing, why tbia should be thus. 
Perhaps it is not necessary to go further than to repro- 
duce the theo'ry that as The Journal advertises the 
profession throughout America and reviews the work of 

T ^MMl/J^J^ii^t^to^t^^-^ 

Hints and Suggestions by Mr. Kelchner. 

[see copies ciN PAfiES 2(3-7 ] 

Figures t, it. 0. 4, 5 an. 

Use a slight extenaio 
Angers in connection \ 
making quick stops or 

of tlie thumb and 
of the forearm in 
ns and dots. The 

arm movement is the predominating one. Never use enough 
combined movement to tiro the liand or arm in any way. 

Use a free movement aud fast enough to get good, strong 
and smooth linos, Imt at the same time you must gettunmis- 
takable figures. Try to get eond readable figuresright fro 


nd then keep increasing the speed gradually. 
Write one-half page of each copy. 
The figures should correspond in slant to your writing. 
Have figures and 4 extend one and one-half spaces above 

particular schools when they give it the chance, as well as 
noticing their advertising literature and presenting the 
news relating to them, the teachers and proprietors think 
that it is fairly worth a little more to them than to the 

As we said before, this is a phenomenon that we don't 
pretend to explain, but the tact remains, and nn greater 
compliment could be paid to a cJaes paper. 

30 J^Ms^ cyeAma/UQ^(cC(l^tUAaj& 




s This magnificent testimonial from teachers of penmanship am 

A proprietors, -unequalcd in the history of penmanship journalism.— tells 
$ emphasis that little remains to be said. Great as is the outpouring, scores 
j^ made a beginning, and these, with hundreds of others not represented 
A hearty suppoit this year. We have always been able to rely fully on ihes' 
J have for years been The Journals banner subscription months (the comme; 
J^ it is safe to say that our clubbing announcements next month will again dcr 

{Notwithstanding The journal's large circulation, the clubomg pri 
over the cost of the white paper. It is certainly conservative to say tha 
^ other periodical in its line ever has given. That means a very heavy exp 
A hearted support of every reputable member of the profession that it h 


Wellsboro, Pa., B. C ; 






. and 



own St 








he tea 


s r 



ted hav 

e on 


»e, hav 







edges, a 





ry and 




s n 




at flood 



sh all p 






hat it 





a bare n 




I a g 


t deal 

more th 


-, and T 

he J 



1 ne 

than t 


High water mark in TnE JouilNAl/s clu1>biDg record this 
y(!Qr conies from It. S. Cullins, peniimn of Peiixe Scbool, 
PhiKidelpbin. The niiralier is 4r>3. It must Le a rousing big 
school that CUD send a club of these splendid proportions. 
The Jouu.val has rt-ceived a generous support from this 
school (or yeors, but this is the crowning achievement. 

A second royal list of nearly half a thousand comes from 
Robert C. Spencer. Pres, of the Spencerian B. C, Milwaukee. 
Wis. The exact number is 4118. W. W. Woy. one of the pen- 
men of the Sponcerian B. C, sends an additional list of 
thirty-eight names. 

Another Une installment eloquently attesting to a big 
% chool and keen interest in penmanship comes in the shape 
of aclubof 3IKI as the initial contribution of the year from 
the Burdett College. Boston. This school hos sent The 
.JouiiNAi, litorolly tbousiuds ot subscriptions during the 
past six years. 

The double century mark is pressed very closely by a cluli 
f rom Coleman's National B. C, Newark, N. J , with Prin. H. 
Coleman in command. There are 190 names on the list. 

Close on the heels of this is a tine installment of 170 students 
ot Sadler's B. C, Baltimore, Md., with Penman C. C. Lister 
at the head. 

A flue showing of 150 sul 
Thornburgb, Writing Superv 

Big figures are reached again in a club of \h\ (with more in 
sight) from .1. 0. Kline ot the Detroit B. U, assisted by A. 

R. Merriam. W. H. Beacom ot the Goldey Wilmington, 

Del., C. C, swells The Jouhnal's lists with a contingent 

of 1;13 students at that institution. The Childs Bus. Colls, at 

Springfield and Worcester, Mass., contribute a flattering 

total of l:U, Miller's Now Jersey B. C, Newark, has Ul 

students who ore profiting by The Jouknal's instructions. 
—107 of these come from E. A. Newcomer, the remainder 
from C. D Clarkson. This doesn't include the individuol 
sub, from Mr. Miller and some others on the dollar Profes- 
sional List. C. J. Becker, penman of the Fall River Mass 

literary * Coml Coll., and the New Bedford B. C, leads a 

battalion of 10)^05 ot them from the first named school. 

C. L. Doty, Po. B. C, Easton, Pa., marshals a sturdy clan 

numbering loa An even lUil students, with Uis own dollar 

sub. at the head on our Professional List, represents the size 
of the club from F. W. Bowles, New International B. C, Bay 

City, Mich, Another club of' 100 is credited to the B. & S 

B. C,. Buffalo, sent by A. H. Stephenson and E. E. Merville 

This IS a good record of "centuries " There are ut least a 
hundred commercial schools that could send clubs ot three 
tlgurea, and as many of them have made a good start toward 
that goal we expect to hare most of them reach it before the 
...,.™ «-ong those who are nearly there 

spond to the first call from J. W. Lampman ot the 
-A first installment of 84 comes from 

end of the 

Omaha. Nebr,, C, C- 

C. H. Allard ot the Gem Cily B. C, Qu j ... „, „„!,,„■ 

are credited to the Zanerian College, Columbus, 0.--D B 
Anderson of the Highland Park Normal Coll., Des Moines' 
o ■r.i'^T" m"', Bickmore and F. B. Moore ot the 

C,, Trenton N. J , contrihiite 7:) 09 appreciative 

follow the standard of W. 3. Wade, Lebanon Pa 

ho bugle ot W. W. Mernman and F B.' 

;o the roll 

Vorcester, Mass, 

College. Scio, 

I J. H. Hesser, 

leads ofl' 
Rider B. 
B, C. — 


luilianiipolis L. . 
call of E, C. A Bcker. Becke 
--IIU are cttptaiii.vl l,y W, J. McCarty, Scio" Coileg'e.'scro 

<). Another insliillmeut of (iU r-..-.. ' V"tt"'»Sv"'-'"' 

Lancaster, Pa , B ('. 
"•- have a nice lot of clubs in the halt century class, and 
thirty days. 

gum, S. W. b""" " "■" '""■■-"■ " 

Elliott B. C , Burlingto 

^likely to grow largely \ _ 

"- tollow'the leadership o"t a" STan- 
" --5i from 1. H. Carothers, 

Tubbs B C,,-EmienTon7K"(sent"b?T'Tay°W and"!).'?? 

om the Troy, N Y B C , sent by A D Skeels 
(■oVlege "Mc"p"her';o'^ K»,T '^w"', '^"1"WS'?S!<. McPherson 
lit ca N Y B C ',f o.„~D ? '"PI! .P'^MJiK Schofleld, 

uiica, n . > .. B L. --— ol Oeo. P. Lord. Salem, Mass , C C 

'^.L'A„'^:.Be?'> • Bat^or. Pa., B. C. other clubs in tS .S.l«.. 

1 State 

Sihiol & % c., Minneapolis 

,, ■ ,,, .-^,-, ate B.C. Purkersburg w Va- W F 

Cogswell, Atkinson. B. C, Sacramento, CaP W l' Dick 
Pier.eton, Ind.. Schoo : M. H. Davis Davis B CTnli/ii;?.', I',',','",' P?'S»: N"''??"!. B C,."ph«a^deFph™"D' a' 
?. 1 n t.n ' " "li T'^'r^'o w'lS^' """Ji'.A' B' Whitmore; 
Mri;,.'"], ,t V,'. ' ' •* ''• Waldion, Writing Supervisor! 

> o number of clubs t 

W, 1' 

C, Au 

Champlin, Supvr 
Whoeling, W. Va 
Oakland. Cal : .1 E 
HalNtrom, N. W 
H 'on. Humbnidt i 
mnnii. Ind . B C 
Liickev. B. .t s R 


. Mn 

iraging ai, lead by 

. Humboldt, 
no Keith, o 
, Louisville ; 

■1 .Xvdelotte's 
"■il, Moline, 111 
Minneapolis ; 

J. L. 

: n. 


Ont,. B c': J. B, 

Simpson. Sr ''uni'v?^B,?ld;li?'"kan,''°''w'^"lf' ft' '^ ^- 


MiUersville, Pa : R. W. BallentiL 
McTavish « Mcintosh, Haverhill, Mass , 
In th» quarter century class we also have a fin 

Many ot these 
ch the 

U becolt . 

. mark before 

H Q. Burtuer. Pittsburg, Pa , High School; 

CI. W. Brown, Jr., Brown's 

rup, Mankato, Minn., C. 

buque. la.; M. B Brewer. Empire B,'C . Walla' Walli. Wn-h ; 

S. H. Bauman. Great Palls, Mont, C. C; W. K. Cook and A. 

R. Kip, Hartford. Conn, B. C: C, E. Doner. Spenc, B C, 


S, L. Uaugherty, Y. 

, - - - -,, - Dayton. „. 

Michael Dowd. Tacoma, Wash ; A. C, Easlev, Add-Rau Univ , 
Waco, Tex: C. A Faust. Chicago. III. B C: O. A Perring. 
Temple Coll , Philadelphia. Pa ; K. E. Qard. St. Joseph. Mo,, 
B. U. ; E. E. Gardiner. Battle Creek. Mich.. Coll ; B, W. 
(ietsiueer. Converse ^oil , fefiartauburg, S_C ; Fred_C. Han- 


Waverl.v, Pa . High School : E S Haw 

High School, Brooklyn, N. Y.: R. N, Hadley. Fla 
Lake City, Fla.; D- Hoskins, British Ameiican B C. 
Toronto, Ont ; A. Hartkorn, Jr., Possaic. N J.. B, C ; F. J 
Lowe, Corry, Pa , B. C; C. E. Lowe. Southwest Kansas Coll., 
Winfield, Kans.; Pelton & Dexter. Lynn, Muss., B C: L H. 
Miller. Campbells, Cal. ; H. S, Miller, Queen City B. C, Has- 
tings, Nebr. ; E. J. Malany, Erie. Pa , B. U. ; i J. Nagle, 
Freeport, III., Coll. of Com.; S. L, Olver, St. Louis, Mo., C. C; 
Miss'Dimmis Price. Bloomdale. O. ; C. G. Prince, Buffalo, 
N. Y. ; T. H. Phillips, McChesney'B Col;., Paterson, N. J.; 
G. C. Raynor. Polytechnic Inst- Brooklyn, N. Y.: C. H. Shat- 
tuck. Campbell Univ.. Holton, Kans.; Hamilton T. Stewart, 
Lutheran Coll., Jewell, la. ; W. J. Sanders. Bliss B. C, 
Lynn, Mass. ; A, J. Scarborough, Drake's B. C, Jersey 
3ity, N. J.: S. Irving Strayer, Strayer's B. C, Baltimore, 
Md,; T. L, Staples, Ft Wayne, Ind,, B. C; Tony D. Smith, 
Emporia. Kans.. B. C; W. H. Shrawder. Dunkirk, N. Y , 
B. C; W. L. Starkey, Erasmus Hall Sigh School, Brooklyn, 
N. Y.; W. C SchuDPel. Springfield. 111., B. C; Miss Hannah 
Thompson. Childs' B C. Holyoke, Mass.; J. W. Westervelt, 
Forest City B C, London, Ont ; F. M. Wallace, Central B 

, Denver; Colo, 

A. A, Kuhl, Jasper, Fla., N. I ; R. A. Grant, Winona, M'nn 
C. C; J. A. Sanders. North Texas N. C . Denton. Tex.; G E 
Nettleton, Brown's B, C, Jacksonville, III.; H. T. Engelhorn 
Engelhorn Helena B. C, Helena, Mont.; J. R. Hutchison, San 
Jose, Cal., B. C ; W. H. Martindill, Ludington, Mich , B C ■ 
P. H. Landers, Childs' B. C. Northampton. Mass.; E A 
Quantz, Metropolitan B. C. Ottawa, Ont.; W, P. Canfleld, 
School of Business, Owatonna, Minn. 

Clubs averaging 18 have been received from J. Alcock, 
Platteville, Wis.. B, C; A. P. Anderson. Connellsville, Pa B 
C; Bro. Amulwin. St. Joseph Coll., Detroit, Mich ; E M 
Barler, West Tex. Nor. & B. C, Cherokee, Tex.: R A Bru- 
beck. New London, Conn., B C; J. L. Best. William Jewell 
Coll.. Liberty, Mo.: C. F. Beutel, Massey B. C. Montgomery, 
Ala : Baldwin & Newell, Baldwin Sch. of Bus., Locknort 
N. Y.; C. A. Bernhard. Dniv. ot Pacific. College Park, Cal • 
C. E Bigelow, Westfleld, III., Coll.; L. G Crosby, Elgii. Ill 
Acad.; M. A. Conner. Meadville, Pa.. Coll : C E. (Aase. Brideel 
port. Conn., High School: A. I. Cadman. Owosso, Mich B C ■ 
r F Clem. Lima. O., BC^ AH- Davenport, Newton, N. J,! 
B. C; A D Deibert, Chaffee Inst., Oswego, N Y;E A Dick- 
ey, Allentown, Pa , R C ; J. G. Dnnsmore, Dunsmore B. C. 
Staunton, Va.: E. H Ealy, State Nor. Sch , Cape Girardeau 
Mo.; John D. Fair, Shenandoah, la., Com'l Inst.: E. E Ferris 
Eagan's Schof Bus,, Hoboken. N. J. ; J. W. Harshbarger' 
F. C. Hovey, Niagara Falls. N. Y.', 
~-'hey_._Pawtucket, R. I., B. C, ; 

tb's B C N. Y. 
B. C: Miss Elizabeth H 
J. T. Henderson, Oberlii 
Noi'thamj)ton.Mass, C. C; W, crno 

._praughon's B^C,i Nashville, tenn 

J. G. Ha 

Ivy. Sherman, Tex., _ ... „. ... „ .,, „„„uo,^^_oi, 

I., B. U.; p, M. Jacobs, York, Nebr.. Coll.: J. H Janson' 
..,„,.. „.,„j.. „ r, c._. gj^, . J, J, g^j^j^ National 

C. W. Jones, Wooosocket,' 

Chestnutwood's B C , Santa C. „„, ^„... „. „. ,i„.,o, „„Mouai 
N.U., Lebanon. O : A, F. K. Krout, Union B C. Philadel 
nhia, Pa ; L. M, Kelchner, N. I N. S , Dixon III ■ LB 
Lawson. Meeker, Colo. : T. P. Lhamon. Elkhart. Ind , Inst '; 
C. p. Menx, 'Menx's B C , Pensacola, Fla ; E. L. .McCann 
Ma^hanoy City, Pa., B C ; C. F. Nesse, Elko, Nev B C ' 
' 'n''!,''*' *^''y' '^^ •'■ • ■'■ C. Olson, Stanberry! 

Ft. Woyne. Ind , B. C; 

John O'Hi 

Mo., N. C ; L. D. Pe'opl^. „j„„, ,„,^ „ ^ 

Presho, Cumberland, Md., C. C. ; C. B. Post, Becker's B C 
Worcester, Mass ; Walter Prall, N. I. C, Fulton, 111 ■ b' h' 
Parnsh, Ouachita B, C , Arkadelphia, Ark. ; J. M. Reaser' 
Dover, N, J., B C ; F. H. Read, N. Y. B. I., New York ■ L C 
;iusmisel. Denison, la. Nor. Coll,; C. W. Robbins, Central b! 
C., Sedalia, Mo.; J A. Ross, Buena Vista Coll., Storm Lake, 
la ; E C. Reitz, garden City C. C, Missoulo, Mont ■ A L 
Sprinkle, Austin Coll , Effingham, 111,; Q. L. Smith, Writing 

T, Canton, III 

; E. J. Scott, Brown's B. C, Gales- 
m, Browne's Short, ft Com'l Inst., 
Siage. Three Rivers, Mich., B. C; J 

Writing Snper- 

& Crlchton'6 


burg. III.; T. _. _ 

Youngstown, O.; i 

H. Smith, Sulliva 

Trenary, Kenosha _ _ _ 

visor, 'York, Pa^; P. H.' Vaile', Breck School. Wilde?, Mil 

L. L. Weaver, Writing Supervisor Alliance, Ohio ; R. J. Wai.' 

lace Wallace B.C., Denver, Colo,; F. T. Weovor. Union B. 

C-. Quincy, 111.; W. E Wilson, Columbian B. C, Evansrtlli 

Ind.' White, White's B.C., Atlanta, Ga. ""sviiie, 

a h'„ i 'T^'^' '5?'^'' ■''"iJ,"'' I"' B- U-: W. T. Parks, Modern 

School of Bus.. Denver, Colo.; E, W. Lowman, Keokuk, la , 

B- C ; G. T. Wiswell. Ft. Smith, Ark , C C. 

Clubs ot less thon 1.5 and averaging 10 are credited to W. G 
Anderson, Anderson Sch ot Bus . Altoona, Pa.; G. W. Burke 
Jr Danville Va, MU Acad,:.BW Bowen. Peoples' a C. Des 
Moines, la : G E, Crone, Writing Supervisor, Sandusky, O. ; 
C. G. Christopherspn. biloux Polls. N, D . B. C; O C. Canan 
Schissler Coll. of Bus . Norristown. Pa : W S Chamberlain 
Eaton & Burnett B C . Baltimore. Md.: W. B. Elliott. C. C C 
§• R'"'S*n°';i ^'- ■^^ •/' «' C^rie. Currie B U . St John 
o.',-?U' ^\V- ^Pi"i>^^-J^^^^^- "'"'>•• Coll ; T. S. Correll. Red 

Valley Coll,, Wahpeton, N. D: Chas. L. Dry, Union 

N. v.: M. H. Fox, Y. M. C. A . Brooklyn, N. Y.; J. A. Gunsol- 
ley. Oraceland Coll . Lamoni, la.: H. L. Gunn, Napa, Cat , B 
C ; J. Hough, Woodbury B C, Los Angeles. Calif ; E. N 
Henninger. Taunton. Moss , B C; T. E. Hawkins, Ont. B. C 
Belleville. Ont : S G. Hurst, Queen City Correspondence 
-Sch , Buffalo, N. Y ; C. H. Jenkins. Shaw B. C, Portland. 

.. ,. _. B. C. Battle Creek, Mich.; C M 

sher, Carbondale, Pa. High Scbool; H B. Lehman. N 1. 
Valparaiso, Ind.; J. N. Linblade, Chicago, 111 : A. V. 

L'ipch. Greeosburg. Pa., B C: J, W. Manuel. Columbus, O,: 
J H. Mack, Smith B. C. Concord, N. H ; E. L Miller, Siu.p- 
1-00. B C Indianola. lud ; I P Mountz, Carbsln, Pa.,C C: 
M, L, Minei . Hcaey Sch ot Com , Brooklyn, N Y : E M 
Mull. Y. M. C, A , New York • P. F. Musrush. Interootioiml 
B C, S.-iginaw. Mich; I. J. Musgiove. National B C 
Tormto, Out.: M. C McLeud. Moncton. N. B.. B. C : Bicha.d 
L McCarty. Salina. Utah. . -School : Chandler H. Poii 
ing Supervisor. Evansville. Ind ; Jihu B. Parkinson 
Fla . Pib Sch ; H. ir Post, Walerburv. Conn., _ - 
Pinci.k Ki-ut's Hill. Me,, C C; P. B. S. Peters. Manual 
Tii.iiiiiu- High School. Kaus City, Kans : F. J Phillips. Troy 
r.iudr. uc,- .s-minarv. Poultney, Vt ■ J. K. Reushaw. Schn- N Y . B. f.' : D C Boyer. Cheyenne, Wyo., B t: : 
I) I- Row-'. Riiwc Cull. Johnstown. Fa: W. C Rauisdell. 
Rimsdell Sch ot Bus.. Middletown. N. Y ; T, C. Strickia 

. . __ - O. Wurreu, Ashtabula, O . n. C : T A 

White. Adairsville, Ga ; Albert Backus. Lincoln. Nebr , N. 
U. ; J, H Bryant, Beaumont, Tex ; Rev. J. A. Boy, C. S. V,. 

singly are an important factor in swelling the aggregate. 
w« Withhold mention ot these clubs, not because they are 
not appreciated, but first on account of space limitations, and 
' s of a great majority of them hav- 
d follow I ■ " " ' 

Neither does the above li-it take into consideration several 
large club?, mention of which is withhold by request of the 
senders for private reasons of their own, 
withheld by request < 

ount of Ik 
nplete. It is also probiible that we have omjttei 
by oversight, and if such an error has been i 

r friends to notify us in order that the proper cor- 
rection may be made. We intend to give the fullest credit to 
everybody at the end of the season. Watch out for our ati- 
nouncements next month. 

To the hundreds of friends repri 

ndreds of othe 

the kind of frii 

1 earliest thanks. Thes 
The Journal. Taffy 


wntine) is now confiDed to the News Edition. 

The News Edition is the same as the Regular Edition, with 
font- estra pages devoted to news, miscellany and publi'. 

chool matter. Pr 

! News Edition, $1 a year. 
Clubblne Rates. 

For Framing and 5crap-Book. 

At the Buggestion of a friend we have had the large 
portrait group which appeared on the front page of the 
January Journal (210 prominent penmen and teachers 
represented) reprinted on heavy enameled paper. Tb-- 
names of the teachers appear below, numbered for easy 
identification. Of course, on this kind of paper th*^ 
portraits come up much more distinctly than is pos8ibI<- 
OQ the regular Journal paper. This sheet ot 11 x 1 ; 
Inches makes an elegaut little souvenir for framing oi 
for scrap-book purpose?. Some of our friends writr 
that they are cutting out each Individual portrait an-' 
trying to get specimens of penmanship from the teachtr 
Some of thfse specimens are fresh from the pen, otbtr 
are engravings cut from The Journal. A year's t-uli 
scription for The Journal furnishes a large amount <. ' 
rich material for this purpose. It is a very nice idea t< 
have the portraits and autographs in a scrap-book in 
connection with other work. 

To anyone interested 'in penmanship'.nothing can b< 
more interesting or icstructive than a scrap-book of thi? 
character, and such a book may be comparatively inei- 
pensive. As ttated, a dozen or two Journals aIoD> 
afford material for a considerable volume of this char- 
acter. Once get started and the thing teems to grow <>■ 
its own accord. If you cannot a£ford to buy a reguhf 
scrap-book for ;the purpose, get an old blank book- n 
fact, almost any kind of a book will do on a pinch. Tber^ 
never will be a better time for making a start than ri^^L 

The print referred to above will be mailed to any fi'l 
dress in a tube upon the receipt of 15 cents in stauJi 
Two copies in the same tube for 20 cents. 

For 25 cen*s we will s-nd the large prirtrait group i' 
tuba and twelve back numbers of The Journal " 
own selection). 

Special Offrr-Gootl Ouhj rmil Marrh 1.',. 

To any present subscriber who will send us one n 
subscription for the Regular Edition of The Joub> 
before March 15tb, with 50 cents to pay for the sin 
we will send the big portrait group in a tube and two 
back numbers of The Journal free. 

To any present subscriber who will send us two n' 
subs, before March 15, with §1 to pay for Fame, we ^■ 
seufl tbe big portrait group, also twelve Journals h 
a Journal binder. You can improvise a fine ia.r 
scrap-bDok with The Journal binder, using ba 
wrapping piper for the pages. Price of binder wb- 
sent separately is 30 cents 






SCHOOL AND Personal. 

— ReceDt JoDBNAL office visitors were C. C Gaine?, Pres. 
Eastman Coll.. PougbkeepsJe, N. Y ; C. Claghorn. ClaRhorn, 
B. and S. B. C Brooblyn : W. J. Amos. Merrill B. C. Stam- 
ford. Conn.; Bvron Hortoo. Packard's B. C. N. Y.; L. C. and 
H. L Hnrton. Coleman's B, C, Newark ; N. P. Heffley, Heffley 
(!oll. of Com.. Brooklyn : W. C. Henning, New York : E. A. 
Newcomer, N J. B. C, Newark ; W. C. Sandy, Com'l Dept. 
High School, Newark. 

— Visitors to New York should remember that The Jour- 
nal's latch string is always out. and that we shall always be 
glad to extend every coiirtf-sy to <mr friends. This office can 
be made the headquarters forlour frie^ds while in the city. 

The man is E. E. Childs. Priu. ; the school is Childs' Bus. Coll.. 
Springfield, Mass., and the building is the new L. W. Hesse 
Building. The Journal editoi was very kindly shown 

Hlegantly furnished. The building is 50 x 135 feet, fire proof 
and handsomely furnished throughout. The floor occupied 
Ly the school was planned expressly for it. 

Elmer Ellsworth Childs saw daylight in New Brain- 
tree, Worcester County. Massachusetts, May 11. 1861, on the 
k'ood old New England farm. He followed farm life until 
umetei^n years of ape. attending the "district school" two 
terms a year anddomg farm work on his father's stock farm, 
uis father was a noted farmer and a breeder of thoroughbred 
<^attle. The son took special interest in attending Agricul- 
tural Fairs, and for ten years their herds of thoroughbreds 
«on many first prizes throughout New England. The young 

nbition ■ 

" get . 

life caused him to leave the 

farm and attend a private school and Business College. At 
twenty-two years of age he and his brother established a 
sj-hool in Holyoke. Mass. The following fall. 1H81. Childs" 
Husiness College of Springfield was established, of which Mr. 
t. E. Childs has been principal up to December 1. 1^95. when 
t\ '^^^ '°*^° partnership one of his head teachers. Mr. B. J. 
Urimn. Mr. Childs has had a very successful school, and he 
™he^es in honest advertising and a generous amount of it. 
guilds' Business College is a leading school of Western New 
t-ugland, and is well known throughout the East. Mr. Childs 
owe» his success to hard work, eticb-to-itiveness. " Keeping 
everlastingly at it wins success," is his motto. 

— Our business college correspondence continues to indi- 
cate that the prosperity wave is becoming more and more 
apparent in that special field. G. A. Swayze. superintendent 
or the commercial department of Grove City, Pa., Coll.. 

writes that his department is better patronized than for sev- 
eral years past. School is fuller now than at any time since 

the panic— G. W. Snavely. Juniata, Pa.. B. C. We have a 

large school and bright, enthusiastic students.— McTa\iah & 
Mcintosh. Haverhill, Mass.. B. C. Our enrollment has in- 
creased this year about 50 per cent, over any previous ^e 

„ _ 3 School is growing rapidly. We have almost reached 
the hundred mark, and expect to pass it this montb '' "^ 
Gutchess. Gutchess Coll. ot Bus, and Short.. Detroit. 

-S. D. 

vu^v.^^^^ ^ fA fine 

recorTfor a 'school which started last fall.) Our school is 

larger than ever before at the same period. Business condi- 
tions are very promising.- G. W. Donald. Winnipeg, Man . 
B_ C School is prospering, our attendance being consider- 
ably larger than at this time^" " » ^ 
Brandrup. Mankato, Mir ■" 

I'ding year. — J. R. 

x^.au«.«H. ^ ^^^'"■l ^"^^ ^- ^- Bernhard. 

Supt. Com'l Dept. Univ. of the Pacific, College Park, CaL, re- 

]>orts a large increase in attendance. 

When he spells it out in fall it is Clyde Carlton Lister 
but most of us know him a-« .inst Lister the penman— and 
a mighty good pen- 
man he is, too. Hf 
was bora somewht-re 
in Ohio just thirty- 
two years ago. on the 
12th of this month. 
Attended country 
and city schools until 
sixteen years of age, 
when he began to do 
a little teaching. 
Later he took courses 
at normal school? V>- 
cated at Ada, 0\\v- 
and Danville. OLm 
Also a penmanslii[i 
and c o m ra e r c i a 1 
course at the Oberliu, 
Ohio, B. C. under 
the late Uiiah Mc- 
Kee and J. T. Hen- 
derson. In a letter 
to the editor of The 
Journal, written very shortly before his death some 
four years ago, Mr. McKee, who was one of the shining 
lights of our profession, named Lister as his star pupil in 
an experience covering a gaod many years. 

For five years Bro. Lister was a teacher ot penmanship 
and commercial branches in the Toledo, Ohio, B. C. For 
two years he had the penmanship dept. at the Spencerian 

B. C, Cleveland, Ohio, and is now in his third year as 
teacher of penmanship and correspondence at Sadler's H. 

C, Baltimore. He was married in 188? to Miss Bertie 
Kinsey, also a teacher, and the household has been blessed 
with one little daughter, Mildred. In addition to being 
an unusually accomplished penman, Mr. Lister is a man 
of broad culture, and posses-^es in a conspicuous degree 
the qualities of a successful teacher. 

— These are but straws which indicate how the prosperity 
breezes are blowing. 

— The Journal desires, as the name indicates, that this 
department should he the mirror of the profession and 
solicits news items -suitable for its various departments. 
Changes in school management, new schools, movements of 
the teachers, etc.— in fact, any item that would interest your 
friends in the profession is solicited. 

— The Daily Democrat, Johnstown, Pa,, of January 22, has 
an article which speaks highly of the Rowe College. D. L 
Rowe, A. M.. Pres. Speaking of Mr. Rowe personally, it says: 
" He is well known and highly popular in Johnstown, and the 
students of the college hold him in great respect and speak of 
him in terms of the highest praise." 

— The Thirty-second Anniversary Social of the Spalding 
C C . Kansas City. Mo , held in the college rooms December 
22, 1H97. was a decided success. A very elaborate programme 
was provided, and as usual a large number of pro ' 

took part, among them being J. 


i-cuij i.v..«^ i.«-., „ ^ Greenwood, Supt. 

Public Schools and Pres. National Educational Association ; 
Hon R L. Yeager, "Pres. Kansas City Board of Education; 
Hon. J. M. Jones, Mayor of Kansas City ; Hon. M. J. Payne, 
ex-Mayor of Kansas City. 

— Under the caption, " Game for Girls of '98," the La Salle 
County Journal Ottawa, 111., devotes a couple of columns to 
what It terms " Some of the left over bachelors of the past 
year " It says : " Think of the three-score and more eligible 
bachelors in Ottawa who are not even paying attention to 
the fair sex. The attention of each of the young 
to the following list of rivals they will hr 
andheartsof the fair sex. so they may kno.- ^ -- . -. 
While it is not a case of t>i-8t come, first served, their chances 
are better if they get a hustle on themselves at once." At 
the head of the list is our friend Eoeebery, who is described 
as follows : " There is Prof. W. Guy Rosebery at the head of 
the leading department at Pleasant View Luther College. A 
handsome face, lithe figure, fine salary, domestic tastes, kind 
and gentle." 

— The thousands of friends of Mr. S. S. Packard will be 
pleased to learn that be has recovered from his recent illness. 

— The Journal editor and his better half were invited by 
Mrs. E. M. Barber to participate in a birthday surprise on 
our good friend Barber of Packard's B. C, at Washmgton 
Heights. New York. Mr. Barber had been inveigled across 
the street to attend a wedding anniversary celebration, and 
when he was sent for to return to his own home, found it in 
the possession of friends. A most en,ioyable 
spent, and \ " ' "' ' * '""* 

for the hands 
what to expect. 

? had the pleasure of listening to s 
i^u^.... „...and Mrs. Barber are both excellent 
and naturally draw to them artists in this line. Among those 
present at the dinner were Mr. and Mrs. K. M. Barber. Dr. 
and Mrs. Smith, Mr. and Mrs. S. S. Packard, Mr. and Mrs. 
Wheeler, Mr. and Mrs. W .J. Kinsley. 

— The Providence. R. I., Journal, in speaking of ajpin design 
for the evening high school by H. C. Spencer, says : " The pm 

shield is the classic lamp of knowledge. The whole thing ir 
size and workmanship makes a pin of artistic beauty. Mr. 
Spencer is the teacher of penmanship in the school, and de- 
signed the pin of the Rhode Island School of Design, his par- 
ticular design being chosen in competition," 

— In the department of criticism, edited by Chas. Austin 
Bates, in a late issue of Printers' Ink, a journal devoted to ad- 
vertising and published in New York, nearly a page is given 

to the review of the Year Bciok of Peirce School. Phila. M r* 
Bates says ; " It is the most impressing advertisement I ever 
saw of a business college." He is particularly impressed 
with that part devoted to alumni and graduation day exer- 

— We are under obligations to onr friend and correspond- 
ent. H. Partridge, Birmingham. England, for a splendidly 
illustrated souvenir of the city of Birmingham. 

— A very attractive little .iournal is that issued by the 
Metropolitan Business College, Chicago, and called the Me»- 
senger. It has quite a literary flavor besides being good ad- 

— The Western Educator, issued by the Omaha, Nebr., C C, 
is making good advertising out of the Trans-Mississippi Ex- 
position to be held in Omaha during this year. 

— The Ohio Business College Record, published by the Ohio 
B. C, Mansfield, O., has some common sense solid leading in 
addition to its regular school advertising. 

— The Peirce ScAoo/ .^iitHtni Journa/, devoted to the Alumni 
of Peirce School. Philaaelphia. is a very bright little periodi- 

nd it is particularly good advertising for the school. 

School beiu 
- A HUM 

We don't know of any otner business college having t . 
journal published by its alumni association. We would be 
f -^n.-h journals if there are others. Peirce 
ii^li L'rade advertising and lota of it. 
.;,riilngue is that issued by the Childs 
B. C, S]M Miuti. 1.1 M:,-^. It contains all the information that 
a prriHp.'ri i\ -• >tn<l.iit would caro to know. The illustrations 
are particularly good. 

— One of the oldest, if not the oldest, continuously pub- 
lished college journals is that issued by Heald's B. C San 
Francisco. It is well edited and issued regularly Ninety 
nine out of every hundred schools find issuing a college jour- 
nal each month a drag and as a result issue them irregularly 
after the first few times. 

Moi^ementH of the Teachers, 

H. K. Good is 
B.C. M. H. Pen 

John A. Clark, a Gem City Musseli 
J teacher of penmansh 

her branches at the 

Itfetropolitan School' of Bus., buCfalo W. W. Way goes 

from the Hoffman School of Bus. to the Spencerian B. C, 

Milwaukee. P. C . Weber, late of Vinrennes. Ind., is at the 

Hoffman School. F. M. Wallace, a well-known commercial 

teacher, late of Sterling. III., and Shenandoah. la., is now 
connected with the Central B. C. Denver. Colo. C. E, Ellis is 

also a member of the facultv : H. S. De Snller, president 

J. S Thurston takes the place of F. C. Weber at the Vin- 
cenm-s, Ind.. B. C. Jay Smith has been promoted to the prin- 
cipnlship.- — A. T. Adamson. a Zanerian. is huufliing tlie ijiiill 
at the Anderson School of Bus.. Altoona. V.. " \ ^^ lut- 
mer has accepted a plac 
dalo Com'] Coll , Curds 

Kv. D W 

^ ._,_ J B C.New 

Miss Addie May Robinson has accepted ti 
hand teacher at the South Bethlebi 

; lookii 

Pa . B 

'--(], N 

after penmanship and other brauchei 

Motfs Bus Univ.. Tonawanda, N. Y. — Harry Kii 
Galesville. Wis., has charge of penmanship at the Winnipeg. 

Man.. B. C. J- V. Mason goes from the Converse Com I 

School, Spartanburg, S. C, to the Charleston, S. C, Com'l 
School, under the same management. His old position at the 

first-named place is filled by Lamar Smith. M. D, Sberrill. 

formerly of the Pa. B C, Easton. is tow teaching at the 
Perth Amboy. N.J,. B C. — E. W. Lowman, Hope, Kans., 
goes to Keokuk, la,. B C, 

If the paternal parent of G. M. Langum, whose por- 
trait appears above, had lived, our fri(^nd would pr<»b- 
ably have distinguished as a pn-acher, but death super- 
vened and the lad was thrown on his own resources at 
an early age. The boy was born on a farm near Spring 
Valley, Minn., April 22, IsiiS, and had the misfortune to 
be left an orphan at an early age. Two qualities that 
he inherited proved to be a priceless legacy— ambition 
and williugness to work. By his own industry he laid 
aside enough money to pay bis way through a college at 
Brookings, S. D.. and launched upon a career as teacher 
in country schools until at the age of nineteen he had 
laid by enough to attend the La Crosse, Wis., B. C. 
Working night and day he soon had completed both the 
basineii's and shorthand course.s, and was tendered the 
chair of the theoretical bookkeeping department imme- 
diately upon graduation. For a time he was also prin- 
cipal of the commercial department 

Apart from a year spent in a law oflBce and some time 
occupied in taking a graduating course in the pen art 
department of the N. I. Normal School at Dixon, Mr. 
Langum has devoted all of his time to teaching and has 
been connected with several business schools. Though 
an all-around teacher, his specialty is actual buiiinese 
practice. He has had charge of this work in schools at 
Minneapolis and Indianapolis, and two years ago joined 
the Southwestern B. C, St. Louis, where he is still em- 
ployed. He was married to tlie lady whos-i portrait is 
given above at Chicago, on December 2ti, 18115. 

In addition to his school work Mr. Langum has had 
considerable experience in opening and examining books. 
He uses a system of bueioess practice of his own inven- 
tion, and is an earnest advocate of longer aud more com- 
plete courses in the commercial schools. 


Jfttr Srhoots, fhtniffrM, t:fr. 

— T. G Little has moved his Iiusiness (;olleKe from Concord 
Church to Athens. W. Va — Elicker & Brandt are now joint 

i»roprietor« of the Elyria. Ohio. B. C. M. M. Link has 

rM.ufjht the interest rjf bi.s late imrtner, M. S. Kin^;. in the 

Hharuokin, Pa , B. C. C, A. Twining, late of Corry. Pa., has 

purobaaed the Southern B. C. Chattanoojia. Tenn. 

Udk the KruK B. C. Battle Creek. Mich. Mr. David 

Sillers retains his interest in the school, and will continue 
to be one of the faculty. Mr, ArKubright is a well pre- 
pared, hustling school man, and should make a successin 
bis new venture. Until recently Mr. ArgubriKht has been in 
the employ of the Ellis Publjsbine Company. Mr. Krug was 
compelled to retire because of ill-health Frank Ruther- 
ford, Prin. of Rutherford Reporting School of tiregg Short., 
has removed from I0(» East Twenty-third street to St. James' 
BuildiDg. Broadway and Twenty-si Jth street. New York City. 
— The following new schools have recently been entered on 
our list: Perth Amboy, N.' J.. B. C : Wm. H. Blair, manager. 
London, Ohio, B. C: Thos. K. Dunboraw, principal. Paines- 
ville. Ohio, B. C; W. H. Foust and D. G. Clark, both late of 
Lockport, N. Y.. iiroprietors. Wellsburg, W. Va . B C ; E. T. 
Allison, principal. Steihl's B. C. Uhrichsville, Ohio; the 

froprietor is L. P. W. hteihl. some time of Alameda and San 
rancLsco, Illinois B. C, Madison street and Ogden avenue, 
Chicago, Walter J. Durand and Benj. .1, Knauss, proprie- 
tors Kitt»nning. Pa„ B, C; D. C Tubbs. who already has 




COL. F. n. WlLDniCK, 

Col. F, H. Wildrick, proprietor of the Dover. N. J, 
died in that city on January 25. 18&l^. aged 54, He was i 
ber of the Knights of Pythias, American Mechanics. G. A R. 
and P. O. S, of A. and the Reformed Church. He leaves a 
widow. The school will be conducted by Mrs. Wildrick, 


Rufas C. Hartranft, a well-known Philadelphia handwrit- 
ing expert, died in that city the latter part of December. He 
W08 38 years of age, and was born in Philadelphia. Heat- 
tended public schools, and later graduated from Swarthmore 
College. Ho bad traveled extensively both in this country 

and Europe. A widow and t 

5 childr 

3 him. 

P. J. Burke.rnprc';riifiT!-_- flio E^!-ir:,^;-iTiri' flr-pirtmr-.Tit r,f 

the Eagle Pcnrii (■Min|..n,v i .^ Im- i - i. ..■■,-,, on 

January 23, uft.i' ;i i i ■ \ i . . unn 

man who pussr.-.-.rii j,'i'ij ■ .i . n ,■■.'. ■ i.^n-d 

him toall who kllrw (nil; ii. K.i.l \.' ■ :- ^\^^\^ 1 I n ■ I ::,l l> ■ J'.-n- 

cil Company tome time and piovpd himsfll ii Mucesstnl l.usi- 
nesB man He wai eueraetic and aucceayful, and had won the 
esteem of all with whom he had been brought in contact. 

li'i'egh liitstnetis JAteratnre. 

— The Sadler Budget people of Baltimore are hustlers from 
the word go. Whoever keeps up with them will have to 
maintain a hot ])ace. THE JooKNAi> acknowledges tho re- 
ceipt of a particularly handso-^ely engraved calendar, 

— "A Plain Unvarnished Tale" is the title of the pros- 
pectus of Strayer's B. C. Baltimore, It is a well made boob 
of T'^ pages ornamented with views of the school and a por- 
trait of the i)rincipal. S. Trvitig ytrayer. 

— These other bright ir. ill,.-. .,i,,.,,i |,,.q„.,-, ),,r, ,- i, , ,.jiflv 
come up to our desk. / ' ' ■ ' . ' •■• >. . ' ■ ■• , ■ ! . ^ii r 
man. Tex.. B. C: Tlu ii,.- .,'... . '..,■■.. i: ■ i;, , . \ :ii 
ley Univ.. Wabpeton. N k / ii r,, id. 

Los Angeles, Calif., B r U:,\\:,~ i . \ i t ,/ •/ . //,, 

Business Syiioptic, from Brcks Ohio 8iboil of Business. Day- 
ton. O.; Ihe Bminess fititcfvnt, from Lincoln, Neb.. B. C. 

— Attractive circulars and advertipine cards come from 
Howe's Short, and Bus. School, Quincy, 111. 

- A neat little brochure reaches us from the Metropolitan 

School of Short, and -Typewriting, 15fi fifth 
York. W. L. Mason, the well-kuown Isaac Pitman \ 
at the head o( this school. 


1 attractive illustrated prospectus. 

— Dignified, businesslike catalogues have been received 
from San Jose, Cal.. B. C; Wood's Com'l Coll.. Washington, 
D. C; Holmes' English and Bus, Coll., Portland. Ore.: Bixler 

B. C, Wooster, Ohio ; Hayward Coll. & Com'l School. Fair- 
Held. III.: Meux's B. C. Pensacola, Fla : Union Christian 
Coll.. Merom. Ind.; St, Joseph. Mo, High School; St, Paul, 
Minn.. B. C; West Texas Nor. & Bus, Coll. Cherokee, 
Texas; Genesee Wesleyan Inst., Lima, N. Y. 

— Neat little brochures, pocket prospectuses, illuminated 
circulars, "etc., represent the Owosso. Mich., B. C ; Colum- 
bian Com'l School, Evansville, Ind.; Central B. C. Stratford, 
Ont.; Cedar Rapids. la., B. C; Fitegerald's Short, and B. C, 
Schenectady. N. Y,; Com'l Dept , Dahl'a Conservatory, New 
York: Red River Valley Univ,. Wahpeton. N, D,; New 

' " ' -^. ■ " I Univ., 

— Several very bright advertising circulars, including a 
school journal, come from Coleman's B. C, Newark. N. J. 

Pitblie School yotes. 

— G. E. Crane, one of the strong men of our profession, 
has resigned his place as penman of the Sandusky. Ohio. B. 

C, to accept the office of writing supervisor in the Public 
Schools of that city. 

— E. E. Utterback. an experienced penman, late writing 
supervisor at Terre Haute. Ind., has accepted a similar posi- 
tion in the Public Schools of Houston. Texas 

. T.''- y Herron is back in his old place as special teacher 
In the Portland, Ore , High School. 

— A. J. Willard has given up his place as psnmansliip 
teacher in the Normal school at Reliance. Va.. and is now 
teaching in Derflinger Public School. 

— Alltbe public schools in the State of Missouri are re- 
quired to teach vertical writing. The Newlands system is 

— Q. S. McChire leaves business college work at Carlisle. 
Pa .to manage the business department of tho High School 
at Tyrone. Pa. 

— According to the Schaul Journal there has been a mani- 
fest improvement in the writing work of the Public Schools 
of Stoueham. Mass,, since the introduction of vertical writ- 
ing a year ago. 

— Miss Lues* E. Keller is l»ack in her old place as writing su- 
pervisor in tbe Public Schools of Duluth, Minn. Quite re- 
cently she was teaching at Muskegon. 

— The Atlanta. Ga. public schools have adopted the ver- 
tical system. Growing ont of this a spirited controversy has 
been going on in the local papers. Wo note in the Con^ititu- 
f eon of late date a vigorous letter from R. J. McLean of At- 
lanta B. C_, comiiaring the two styles and strongly favoring 

— E. E. Haverstick is doing excellent work in the writing 
department of the Public Schools of Bonne Terre, Mo, 

— The many friends of C. E. Chase will regret to learn that 
HU illness of a very serious nature has couipelled him to give up 
his place as superintendent of the commercial department of 
the Bridgeport. Conn., High School. His : 
Mathias of Bridgeport. 

"Father Spencer." 


j)oster3. etc— En. Joukna 

Piatt Rogers Spencer, whose portrait is herewith pre- 
s jntei, is chiefly koown as the originator and author of 
the Spencerian style and system of Penmanship. His 
work as originator, teacher and author in this impor- 
tant branch of art and education wag at a time when 
steam, electricity, invention, science and modern enter- 
prise introduced the marvelous industrial, commercial, 
social and educational developments which his labors 
and achievements have assisted. In him were com- 
bined the elements of genius which enabled him at a 
fortunate juncture to happily blend the practical and 
artistic in giving to the world a distinctively American 
chirography. His intuitive insight into the philosophy 
of art and education applied to practical penmanship 
enabled him to revolutionize this branch of instruction, 
and to give to America a handwriting surpassing that 
of all other chantries for legibility, ease of execution 

r^ ' 

beauty and adaptation to the varying needs and tastes 
of a highly practical and original people. 

Much of his work in improving and diffusing the art 
of writing was under difficulties and discouragements 
incident to pioneer life in the wilds of northern Ohio, in 
the first half of the nineteenth century. How strikingly 
do these condiUons contrast with those of English mas- 
ters who wrought under the patronage of the crownand 
of the nobility, to which was added the stimulus and 
encouragement of an appropriation by Parliament for 
the improvement of English systems of penmanship. 

The impress which Mr. Spencer made upon the world 
through improvements in business writing is allied to 
that of Falton, Stevenson, Morse. Hoe, Horace Mann 
anl others who contributed to the material, intellec- 
tual, educational and social development of the age. As 
penman, teacher and author Mr. Spencer combined with 
high regard for practical utility, a'sthetic and philan- 
thropic tendencies that invey.ted what he said and did 
with poetic charm and the glow and warmth of gener- 
ous and tender sympathies. These traits attracted and 
inspired superior minds in the various walks of life, giv- 
ing; to his genius ani work greater influence than Eng- 
lish masters achieved. 

For the improvement and diffusion of the noble and 
beautiful art of writing which Mirabeau pronounced 
"The greatest invention ot the human mind," Mr. 
Spencer wrought unselfishly and with enthusiasm for 
the benefit of the masses, in whom his faith was sub- 
limely democratic. 

Mr. Spencer was a pleasing, persaasive and eloquent 
speaker, and wrote well both prose and poetry. His 
tsndeucies were strongly toward reformatory and phi- 
lanthropic movements, in which he participated intelli- 
gently and judiciously. His interest in and acquaintaue 
with American history and progress was large. Chiefly 
through bis instrumentality was collected the pioneer 
history of Ashtabula County, Ohio. Twelve years he 
served hU county as treasurer, was coneidered a model 
public otficer and declined reelection. 

He was prominently identified with and zealous in the 
establishment of the system of American business col- 
leges and education, was deeply interested in public 
schools, thoroughly alive to the claims of higher educa- 
tion, and gave to every instrumentality for human im- 
provement and happiness his earnest support. 

His professional and oflQcial duties called him much to 
cities and large towns, but he was fond of rural life and 
delighted in nature and the companionship of friends. 
Nowhere was he so happy and charming as in the bosom 
ot hii family in hi^ hospitable home on the farm in 
(Geneva, Ashtabula County, Ohio, near the shore of Lake 
Erie, amid whose quiet scenes, verdure and bloom he 
passed serenely away May 1(1, 18(14, saying with bis last 
breath, " Into thy hands, O God, I commit my spirit," 

Piatt Rogers Spencer was the youngest of a family of 
tencbi'dren. He was barn November 7, 1800, in East 
Fi^hkill, Duchess County, New York. In this county 
and in Windham, Greene County, N. Y., he lived until he 
was nine years old, when he removed with his widowed 
mother and family to Jefferson, Ashtabula County, 
Ohio, then a wilderness country. 

Although by no means indifferent to family 
history and genealogy, he had only a few in- 
correct traditions ^relative to his American 
and Kngli^h ancestors, which have, however, 
furnished helpful clews by which bis sons 
have been enabled to pursue investigation re- 
garding his pedigree, whi ;h they have traced 
to the -first John Spencer of Rhode Island, 
researches regarding whose origin are iu 

Nothing that has been said of Piatt R. 
Spencer gives a more correct estimate of the 
man and his work than the following : 

Trihittr h,/ .TftuKH A. darfieUl, 

1 first saw Mr. Spencer in Vi'u, when he 
came to Hiram, Ohio, and delivered a lecture 
before tbe students of the Eclectic Institute. 
I was struck with the clearness and oiigioal- 
ity of his mind, with the pathetic tenderness 
of his spirit. Soon afterward he and his sons 
took charge of the department of penman- 
ship at the Institute, and from that time for- 
ward I was intimately acquainted with bis 
mind and heart. I have met few men who to 
completely won my confidence and aflection. 
The beautiful iu nature and art led him a 
willing and happy captive. 

To know what books a man delights in ena- 
bles us to know the man himself, and when 
I say that Robert Burns was one of his fa- 
vorite aithors it is equivalent to sajing that 
a keen relish for the humorous, sympathy 
with the lowly, and love for all that is 
beautiful in nature and art, were the dis- 
tingnisbiog traits of his character. Likr 
all men who are well made, he was pelf made 
Though his boyhood was limited by the hard lot of 
pioneer life, his love for the beautifal found expres- 
sion in an art which his genius raised from the grade of 
manual drudgery to the rank of a tine art. It is honor- 
able to undertake any worthy work and accomplish it 
successfully. It is great to become the first in any sul-U 
work, and it is udquestionably true that Mr. Spencer 
made himself the foremost penman of the world. And 
this he did without masters. He not only became the 
first penman, but he analyzed all the elements of chi- 
rography, simplified its forms, arranged them in con- 
secutive order, and created a system which has become 
the foundation of instruction in that art in all the puh- 
lic schools of our country. 

But his mind was too large and his sympathy too 
quick and active to be confined to any one pursuit. The 
poor and oppressed found in him a champion. He wan 
always ready to lend a helping hand to those who were 
struggling for a higher culture ; for he had experienced 
in his own life the obstacles which poverty places in the 
pathway of generous and ambitious youth. To such ti 
nature the right of every man to his freedom was a? 
clear as his right to the air and sunshine, and hence we 
find that in the beginning of the anti-slavery agitation, 
at a time when sympathy with the slave meant not 
only political but social ostracism, Mr. Spencer wa^^ 
outspoken in his denunciation of slavery in all its formw. 
I shall never forget the ardor with which he supporte<I 
the cause of the Union against the slaveholders' rebel 
lion, and the sadness with which he referred to the fact 
that he was too old to serve his country in the field 
He did not live to see the final triumph of the Union. 
but he saw the light of coming victory, and shared tb> 
joy of its promise. 

To the thousands of young men and women who en 
joyed the benefit of bis brilliant instruction, to the stil. 
larger circle of hie friends and acquaintances, and to h! 
who love a gifted, noble and true-hearted man, tb< 
memory of his life will remain a perpetual benediction 
James A. Garpielu. 
Washinoton, D. C, April 20, 1878. 

{To be continued.) 

'~'i^enmaM (l?ui£'OjSritJia& 


T. R. Brow 

2<li Fulto 



A well !itti.'udtj, entbuBJBStic- meetiDg of the Commercial 
Teachers' Aj^sociation was held on Saturday morniug, Feb. 
.'ith, in Packard's Business College, New York. 

Many names for memhership were reported, and the thir- 
teen new names^whicb were reported at the January meetJDR 
were voted on and added to the membership list. The Asso- 
ciation is growing in a gratifying way, and much interest is 
Ijeing manifested by commercial teachers from all over the 

The Board of Governors reported the following pro- 
grammes for the next three meetings ; 

March .5th.— Public Speaking vs. Elocution. Paper by S. S 
Packard : discussion to be led by Edward L. Werner, Editor 
of Werner's Magazine, formerly the Voice. Werjier's Maga- 
zine is the organ of Amei-ican elocutionists. 

April :ind —State Supervision of Business Schools. Paper 
by Melvil Dewey, Secretary Board of Regents. Univ. of New 
York, Mr. Dewey is largely responsible for the N. Y. law com- 
pelling business colleges to drop the word " college " and com- 
pelling them to substitute certificates for diplomas and for 
cttber changes that have taken place recently. 

May 7th.— What Sliould be the Equipment of the Business 
t'ollege Teacher. Paper by James Q Cannon. Pres. ith 
National Bank, N. Y., and Prea. National Creditmen's Asso- 

Upon vote the Chair was instructed to appoint a committee 
of three to prepare a course of study iu English for business 
schools to report at the June meeting. 

The Board of Governors were authorized to print 500 
copies of the Constitution. 

The subject for discussion was Commsrcial Oeography, and 
was opened with a most admirable paper by J. P. Byrne, 
Peirce School, Philadelphia. This paper contains so many 
good points and will be of such general interest to all com- 
mercial teachers that The JoURNAi^ has secured it. and hopes 
to print it in substance in an early i.ssue. Mr. Byrne firmly 
believes in teaching Commercial Geography in business col- 
leges, and he is doing this in the most thorough manner every 
day. His experience is of great benefit to those who desire 
information as to the value of the sub.ioct and how to pro- 
ceed to interest the students in it and bow to teach it. The 
paper outlined a full and complete course, and while some 
members thought it was too ideal and could hardly be 
reached in the average school, it was interesting to learn 
that in Peirce School in Philadelphia Mr. Byrne is practically 
carrying out this ideal course in Commercial Geography. 

W. E. Drake, Drake's B C, Jersey City, led the discussion, 
and said that commercial teachers should study the nations 
of the world ; how we should bo prepared to meet their 
wants But we should study our own country more. Com- 
merce of the great lakes is of more value than foreign trade 
He believes in combining commercial geography with busi- 
ness practice and teaching the students by this means what 
it is best to buy and sell. He thought Mr. Byrue's course too 
long and too ideal. 

W. J Amos, Merrill College, Stamford, favors Mr. Byrne's 
ideas with the same exception made by Mr. Drake— that it is 
most too good a course. Mr. Amos believes in a Commercial 
Geography museum for each school, even if on a small scale, 
and believes it a good plan to assign a particular subject or 
product to each student to work up and write about. 

B. E. Dodge, teacher of Geography in Teachers' College 
now a part of Columbia Univ., New York, and Editor of 
School Oeography, followed Mr. Amos. Mr. Dodge thinks 
that commercial teachers can and should help public school 
teachers teach Commercial Geography in such a way as to 
lead up to advanced work in this subject. He believes that 
commerce should be taught in the lower grades; shipping 
railroads, telegraphs, telephone, mails, products, etc., all can 
be taught either in special classes or in connection with other 
branches. He thinks that business teachers should tell public 
."chool teachers bow best to go about preparatory work in 
these lower grades. In other words, business college people 
■*ould tell wliat preparatory work they want done in the 
lower grades, 

A. J Rider, Rider's B. C, Trenton, N. J , belives fully in 
all of Mr. Byrne's ideas, and in addition would like to see the 
tariff question and over production discussed in all business 

Hobart Webster, Prin. Com'l Dept. High School. Elizabeth. 
N. J., thinks that less time should be devoted to teaching 
names and locations of cities and devote more time to prac- 
tical Commercial Geography. 

In reply to a question of W. H Ramsdell, Middletown, N 
v., B. S., Mr Byrne gave as best sources of information for 
current topics along this line to be the leading daily papers, 
!ichool Geography, U. S. Consular Reports, U. S. Government 
Reports, N. Y. Journal of Commerce and special publications 
issued by the last named paper. 

H. Coleman, Coleman's National B C , Newark, believes in 
studying the United States thoroughly first. He said he was 
afraid if questions pertaining to such a course in Commer- 
cial Oeography as outlined by Mr. Byrne were to be asked 
"t the average teacher in commercial schools that the major- 
R V ""''' ''^ '°'""' ""»'''<' '° Kive the desired information. 
Ho believes that travel rather than study will give the most 
information in and less time. 

W. L. Starkey, Erasmus Hall High School, Brooklyn, also 
>elieves in travel. He thinks that much may be taught m 
Wis way. Asin every other subject tangbtMr. Storkey finds 
inat lack of enthusiasm to be the particular thing to combat. 
When the students become enthusiastic the coast is then 
clear for good work 

The next meeting will be held at 10 o'clock, Saturday 
moi-ning, March 5, at Packard's B. C. 101 E. 33rd St., New 

*^ ^ large attendance is hoped for. 
Frtfath""""'"^ members were voted in at the meeting of 

><ew''York°"'"'''"'''' ®'- •'*"*^ ^'^'•'■' ^''""' '""' 2°'" *•■■' 

t, Brooklyn, 
E. C. Browne, \ "rowne s ». c. 
H. Coleman. Coleman's Nat'l B. C Newark, N. J. 
J P. Byrne, Peirce School, Philadelphia, Pa. 
H. M. Rowe, Ph.D. Sadler's B.C., Baltimore, Md. 
Fred Eno! "- - " '■ ■■ •■ ■ ■■ 

, I", i.*. r uiLou, YTijiio i-iwius, r 
John D. Dillingham, Prin. Co 

High School, Corona, L. 

E. A. Ne 

, N. J. Bus. Coll., Newark, N. J. 

Open Court. 

He7'e is a chance for the man nnth a grievance, or 
the man vnth a hobby, or the man with a sharp 
point to puncture some other man's hobby^ust 
so he writes under his own responsible name, is 
not long-irinded, and avoids personalities. The 
JoiiKN,\L is not responsible for views expressed. 
Now fire (Ill-ay ! 

" Professor." 

Penman's Art Journal : 

The kick in the November issue of The Journal 
against my " able defense of the much used and promis- 
cuoui-ly accepted title ' Professor,' " elicits a few points 
in reply, which the writer presents, not on the oft time 
convenient and usefnl anthority of the encyclopedic 
dictionary, the function of which is not to dictate arbi- 
trarily but to record prevailing u=agee, but rather on 
business, common sense, professional grounds. 

This position may be considered tenable in having a 
precedentin cimmmi taic which has judicial recognition, 
co-ordinate with statuary laws. 

Eliminating the complimentary feature, of which my 
respondent seems to ba in doubt, and for which the 
great majority do not care a fig, the fact that the title 
" professor " is assumed by the special teacher of music, 
of elocution, by the putenl mnUcine man, and even by 
the instructor of the " Manly Art, " professional classes 
whose success depends on popular favor, and who are 
BulHciently close in touch with human nature to know 
how slight a thing often brings patronage to their fold, 
as well as the peculiar importance which the masses of 
the people attach to a destiuative title which Is not 
quite 80 common as Misirr, is proof presumptive that 
the title is useful to them in their busines^s. 

Take as an illustrative case an itinerant teacher of 
penmanship. Having arranged the preliminaries in secur- 
ing the use of a school room and displaying specimens, 
his next step is to get the children to irunt to go. He is 
introduced in the different departments as Professor 
tVaij Up. 

Johnnie, on telling hi-i mother about the proposed 
writing class, is given an indifferent reply. Whereupon 
Johnnie exclaims, " He is a^ro/e.s.sor ot pcnman^hiji and 
can draw eagles, and lions, and dears, and I want to 

Seeing that Johnnie is very much interested— of course 
there would be no use in sending him if he was not in- 
terested—the mother is then in a favorable state of mind 
when the "Professor" calls the nest day and readily 
cjneents lo let Johnnie rjn. Johnnie goes: others 
go because he does; the class is a success. Now, to what 
extent may not the success of the class be due to the 
piincipal's introducing the teacher as ]iroft:s.tor f 

May not the resultant beneBts to the pupils more than 
offset the prejudiced objecl ions of a hypercritical purist '! 

A distinctive title that aids in advertising one's busi- 
ness _/>a,i/.s. 

The title Mr. distinguishes nothing beyond the fact 
that it's a man and not a woman. 

Mr. William McKinley is a proper and respectful des' 
ignation tor the man, but if our respondent were to 
officiate as chairman of a popular assemblage he would 
hardly have the temerity to introduce the President as 
Mr. William McKinley, but rather as President McKin- 
ley, thus recognizing for himself and all others present 
the President's office and eminence in the nation. So 
when the pupil addresses his teacher as Professor, he 
does not mean to tickle his vanity, but to recognize def- 
erentially and impersonally their relation as teacher and 
student, the teacher's authority as well as a dependence 
on his good offices as instructor. 

The genius of a Webster, a Lincoln, or a Glad- 
stone, etc., may become superior to the distinction 
or honor of any title that can be conferred by 
royalty, or institutions of learning, but should one 
"struggling up the ladder" arrogate to himself the 
perfections and popular personal identity which those 
names convey, and in his imagined sell-sufflciency ignore 
the important little helps along the way :^ 

To do so would be analogous to a youthful coxcomb 
associating the greatness of Greeley with his renowned 
penmanship, and wishing to be considered a genius, 
BO execrably writes his employer's correspondence that 
he is summarily bounced and wonders " where he is at." 

Is not a custom which is at once a pretty medium of 
courtesy and helpful to the professional classes entitled 
to a liberal and respectful recognition 'i 

L. B. Lawsun. 

ijlenuiood Springs, Colo. 


Wants a Longer Commercial Course. 

Pknman's Art Journal: 

I have always advocated the use of a large number of 
special column books in commercial schools, and I have 
met with a good deal of opposition ou account of the 
special time required to complete the course, but it has 
always been my ambition to keep abreast of the times 
and I also believe " What is worth doing at all is worth 
doing well." 1 am an advocate of longer and more 
complete commercial courses. The time required to 
graduate by most schools is too short by six months and 
up. In my judgment, we need more up to-date com 
mercial schools We need more teachers who are more 
expert in their specialty and less teachers whose knowl- 
edge of bookkeeping is limited to a fair knowledge of a 
single textbook. 

It is a part of the progressive commercial teacher's 
work to keep up continual consultations with business 
men, experienced bookkeepers and expert accountants 
as it is the most reliable source of information in his 
line and one that does not become stale or obsolete. I 
am an advocate of a National Commercial Teachers' 
Association requiring its members to pass a certain ex- 
amination, a membership iu which would moan a high 
degree of skill in his particular line. Such an associa- 
tion would serve to sift out the unprogressive teacher 
with whom the specialist has to-day to compete and 
would tend to crush out the many one-horse schools 
that are employing them, and that are pulling the com- 
mercial schools down to its low level •• o um 

S. W. B. a. St. Louis, Mo. ■ G. M. Langhm, 

And the Band Played On— Solo by Brother 

Penman's Art Journal : 

Apropos of the question of the largest number of pen- 
men whose names begin with the various letters of the 
alphabet, it may also be interesting to note the fact 
that, thus far, the JS'.s-, like the name of famous old " Hen 
Aboil," "lead all the rest" in the purchase of '• Ells- 
worth's Illustrated Lessons and Lectures on Penman- 
ship." ThefoUowingistheperceutage: -1, 12 per cent.; 
/;, ."i:) per cent. ; C, 13 per cent. ; D, :i per cent. ; /•;, per 
cent.; F, ;i3j per cent.; (,', i;^ per cent.; //, 3 per cent.; 
/, IJi per cent ; J, \% per cent.; K, iH per cent.; L, 1 
per cent ; M, per cent. ; N, per cent. ; O, per 
cint,; /', (I per cent.; Q, I par cent.; It, 3 per cent.; S, 
SJiper cent.; T, :i per cent.; U, () per cent.; r, o per 
cent.; W,b per cent.; A', per cent.; Y, per cent.; 
Z, II per cent. The wide range of sales is also a matter 
of curiosity. Orders have been received from Constan- 
tinople, Turkey: London, England; Canada, California, 
Oregon, Washington, the Dakotas. and every State of 
the Union. The West leads the East in sales and inter- 
est manifested. Adoptions by School Boards have 
begun in Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New 
York, and general inquiries are increasing from Pen- 
men, Teachers, and Superintendents of Schools The 
outlook for 1808 is very bright. The penmanship' world 
IS " Oil the move " at last. " Let the Band Play On I " 
Yours enthusiastically, 
H. W. Ellsworth. 

"B's" in His Bonnet Still. 

Elmira, N. Y., Jan. 2t;, 1.89S. 
Editor Penman's Art Journal : 

Bro. Shattuck rather calls me down in Oct. Journal 
on my claims for the letter B. 

No doubt Mr. Shattuck is correct so far as his arrange- 
ment of letters, as applied to tax lists, etc., and might 
even hold true in a complete census. 

In fact in taking the fiist four most numerous letters 
in our Elmira directory I find 1880 S's, 1840 M's, 1080 B's 
and 1-180 H's. , ' 

Still I believe this has nothing to do with names of per- 
sons in a particular line of business, as writing teachers, 

I admit that the letter .S has furnished a large number 
of good penmen ; the six illustrious Spencers, Shaylor, 
several Smiths, three .Shattucks I have known (one of the 
latter being my pupil), and many others. 

While it has been conceded that Iowa bad the largest 
number of good penmen of any State, I claim that the 
letter B furnishes the most in names. This is a curious 
fact which I am not able to explain. 

Mr. Heath discovered it in compiling his directory in 
1889, and it has often come to my attention during my 
eighteen years of teaching. In the school where I was a 
student the best writers were Buley, Barr and myself, 
and later, in one of my special classes of young ladies, of 
the tour making the most improvement two were the 
Misses Breese and Burns. 

On the other hand, it is remarkable that with some of 
our finest penmen Flickiuger, Dunton, Root Gaskell, etc., 
their names stand almost alone as regards letters of the 

Having gone tiuite extensively into the B business, I am 
in it to stay, and have taken pains to collect a list of 130 
teachers of writing whoBe names begin with that letter, 
whose work has entitled them to more than amateur 
standing, and with most of whom I expect to exchange 
specimens and photographs for framing. 

N, C. Brewster. 



A Course of Instruction for Teachers of 
Writing in Public and Graded Schools. 


UR first writing lesson is on the 
blackboard, our next is on unruled 
paper, our " white board," with a 
lead pencil. Some practice is given 
in large circles, eight times around, 
on the board, with each hand, then 
both hands together. The teacher 
prepares for pen and ink. Promise 
it to the class, but do not begin un- 
til everything is in readiness. The teacher should have 
a note book. Many things must be done before the pen 
actually touches the paper, and in the meantime our 
board lessons in writing and reading continue together. 
The vertical system allows pen and ink from the start, 
because it calls for coarser lines and heavier pens than 
the t'lant. A smooth, non-elastic pen will not stick in 
the paper nor wear out, as the usual pen does in slant 
writing. Fine hair lines make the vertical appear weak. 
My class now. in" February, are using the pens given in 
September. We have no slates and only use lead pencils 
in half of the number work. 

We use good white paper with one ruled line, a base 
line. We have no ecratch paper nor any staff ruled 
paper. The proportion of the vertical letters is 2 to 1. 
The capitals and loop letters, "t" and "d" also, are 
twice higher than the small letters, a, e, w. Having 
but two sizes in our letters, we can do without all guide 
lines e>:cept base lines. 

Let the first pen lesson be on circles, written large 
between the base lines. The circles begin at the top. 
Do not call them circles if you think the drawing teacher 
will object. Call them " round things" or o's. When 
yon give the first few pen lessons, all the attention must 
be given to the pen and not to the form or " copy." It 
ia wiser to give o's on the board, teaching arrangement. 
Begin at the top for o ; make the o's " near together," 
work from left to right, work by lines or wait until the 
command ia given for second line, third line and so on. 
Stay on "o" until all the pen instructions are given, 
taking probably four or five days for them. 
i;n O.illiiu: 

In the teacher's note book will be found the following 
items. She will bring them each into the lessons at a 
suitable time: 

Pens, holders, racks, wipers and wells are ready. 
Drill the class on the order of passing material, on the 
position of the paper, and the position of pen in the 

Show them how to insert pen in the holder, not too 
far in, and the eye in line with top of holder, because 
some day it will be pulled out by the penwiper and in- 
serted wrongly. 

Take a Friday afternoon to make penwipers. Tie 
them on the desks. Use a pattern from the drawing or 
science lesson. Make them large, with at least three 
leaves. Do not fill ink wells to the top. Sometimes the 
ink runs over because allowance is not made for the air 
in it. Inform the janitor of this fact. Do not fill them 
too shallow, for then the pens are injured by striking 
against the bottom of the well. When the ink is too 
thick add water. 

Use the pen as a spoon to skim dust from the top. Do 
not have the wells filled Friday afternoon. 

Explain to the class why the wells must be covered. 
Explain to the class why a light, thin holder is pre- 
ferred. Do not allow odd shapes in the school room. 

For pen racks take a equare of cardboard and sew 
down tape. In the beginning it is not wise for pupils to 
keep their pens. 

The pens are not used outside of the writing lesson for 
a month. Do not let them be too familiar with the pen. 

Give a new pen when the individual needs it. 

Each one uses same pen each day. 

Do not condemn a pen for fault of the ink, or lack of 
a penwiper. Sometimes the points or nibs are gummed 

The teacher has a blotter for accidents. Pupils do 
not have blotters. They are apt to be nuisances. 
Some time in the future show them how to use a.blotter. 

Be horrified at the first blot. Show them how to 
shake the pen over the well. You will allow them to 
shake until the novelty wears off. 

Be on the watch for blots on the fioor ; for hairs on 
the pen. 

rirsi h,sson.~Sijrth IIVfA". 

The paper is straight on the desk and the pen in the 
groove. The class is ready for a talk on materials. 
Take \ip the pen and look at it. The teacher will show 

the pen separated from the holder. Fmd printed letters 
on holder. The thumb is placed on those. Find a hole 
m the pen. Call it the eye. It is like a pocket to hold 
ink. Place the pen on the thumb nail and press down. 
Name the points. The ink flows between the nibs. 
Find the shoulders jf pen. 

A new pen is polished and will not write at first, so 
we must get it ready for work. Dip the pen in the ink 
as far as the eye. Lay the penwiper on the left palm, 
insert pen between leaves and wipe. Repeat dipping 
and wiping three times. Do not scrub This way keeps 
the penwiper clean. The pen is placed in groove point- 
ing to ink well. The left hand takes ink. Correct pen 
position. Wipe pens and close lesson, 

Motor Control and Teaching to Write. 

Prom the State Normal Aronthl}/, Emporia, Kan. 

An infant is able to grasp a stick, or a finger, rather 
firmly with its fingers by closing the hand, and can hold 
its own body suspended by the closed hands for a length 
of time; but the same infant cannot move its arm stead- 
ily toward an object which it wants to touch. The 
question was asked: "Does not that prove that the 
small muscles of the hand and fingers develop sooner 
than the large muscles of the arm ? That is, ia not the 
theory wrong which maintains that the groups of large 
muscles develop sooner than the groups of small mus- 
cles ? " 

I maintain that the facts adduced fail to prove the 
above theory. You can verify the assertion by placing 
Lhe fore part of the fingers of the right hand on the in- 
side of the left arm just above the wrist, and closing 
and opening*the left hand a number of times. You will 
feel the sinews or muscles of the arm contract or expand 
under the fingers— that is, move up or down the arm as 
the hand closes or opens. It is the muscles of the lower 
arm that pull the fingers, and thereby close the hand. 
Laying the fingers on the outside of the arm, you will 
feel that the outside arm muscles are pulling the fingers 
when the hand opens. This experiment shows that the 
hand of the infant in grasping an object is not closed by 
the small muscles of the fingers, but by the large mus- 
cles of the arm, and that the strength of hand of the 
infant is not due to a development of the small muscles 
of the fingers before the development of the arm mus- 
cles, but is produced by the muscles of the arm to the 
exclusion of the muscles of the fingers, which shows 
that this group of large arm muscles is developed before 
the child can do any finger work, such as darning, or 
knitting, or even arranging small objects— beans, peb- 
bles, Froebel bricks, etc. 

This movement of grasping is automatic, or refiex, in 
the infant. But a movement of the arm toward an ob- 
ject to be touched, as mentioned in the first question, is 
not originally automatic, but the result of a co-opera- 
tion of the eye with the muscles of the arm and hand. 
This co-operation is the result of experience, of training; 
that is, time and education are needed to render the co- 
operation possible. This arm movement is not brought 
to perfection so early as the grasping movement of the 
hand, but this difference in time does not militate either 
for or against the theory of the development of groups 
of larger before groups of smaller muscles. The grasp- 
ing movement is accomplished by the muFcles of the 
lower arm, and the arm movement by the same muscles 
acting with the larger muscles of the upper arm. Still 
it is not this difference in size which causes the arm 
movement to develop later than the grasping move- 
ment, but the fact that the latter is automatic, and the 
former the result of experience and training. It fol- 
lows that the above facts do not destroy, but rather 
confirm, the theory that groups of large muscles develop 
earlier than groups of small muscles; and this theory 
has been adopted as true by modern experimental psy- 

The second question asked in reference to the essay on 
Motor Control was this: " We are able to teach a child 
to write within four mouths; for what reason, then, 
would we abandon the present method of teaching to 
write ? " The question emjihasizes the alleged fact 
that writing can be taught in ti short period of four 
months. Whetler this be a general fact, or, in other 
wordp, what may be meant by "teaching to write in 
four months," need not here be discust-ed. For the fact 
that dexterity may be acquired by one method in a 
shorter time thuu by another, does not prove the one 
method better than the other. The Ollendorf method 
of teaching a foreign language is not only not better, 
but it is worse ihan the genetic method of Mager, in 
sjiite of the fact that it enables a large number of stu- 
dents—namely, all those whose memory is better devel- 
oped than their leasoning powers — to carry un a conver- 
sation in a foreigu tongue sooner than students learning 
according to Mager can hope to do the same. By ap- 
pealing to memory almost exclusively, the Ollendorf 
method retards the development of reason, and thereby 
inflicts irreparable injury upon the studeat; but the 
Mager method teaches the language by reasoning opon 

it during the initial steps as well as in every subsequent 
stage of the study. 

There are many reasons why the old method of teach- 
ing to write should bo abandoned. Writmg from copy 
is imitation, a mechanical activity, depending upon the 
automatic connection between the eye and the hand ; 
that is, a mechanical activity of the lowest kind, having 
no effect upon the power of thoguht. It does not de- 
velop intelligence, nor is it education. If there were no 
other method of teaching to write, and it were abso- 
lutely necessary to teach writing, the method of writ- 
ing from copy might .be permissitle; but as there are 
other methods, the imitative method should be aban- 

There are different ways of writing, which must be 
taught by different methods. A full description of 
these cannot be given here, but a few distinctive fea- 
tures can be mentioned which will enable the intelligent 
student or teacher to work out the methods in detail by 
himself. The three ways of writing are: (1) With the 
hand alone; (2) with the arm alone; (ii) with hand and 
arm combined. The most general way of writing is that 
by means of the hand alone. Writing with the arm 
alone is commonly done by those few who think that 
this is the only natural and proper way of writing. The 
hand and arm movement combined is taught by a email 
number of teachers of penmanship, and it is used prac- 
tically by a great number of business men, whose hand- 
writing is distinguished for its apparent ease and bold- 

(1) Writing with the hand alone is induced by teach- 
ing to write from copy. In doing this, the child is 
trained to hold the pencil or pen in a cramped way, 
which, by the law of sympathetic action, produces a 
cramped position of every part of the body, and thereby 
occasions all manner of sickness and deformity, such as 
headache, bad eyes, indigestion, irritation of the genitals, 
curvature of the spine, etc. The rapid increase of short- 
sightedness and weak eyes is due, to a great extent, to 
this method of writing. It is not the copy alone, how- 
ever, that is responsible for these evil effects; any way 
of writing which calls the hand alone into operation will 
produce similar ret-ults. 

(2) Writing by the arm movement, if done on paper, 
is generally a scrawl that is next to unreadable. But it 
is the only proper way of writing on the blackboard; 
and, as the groups of larger arm muscles are developed 
sooner than the groups of smaller hand muscles, the 
child ought to begin its course of penmanship on the 
blackboard. Those teachers who wish to try this 
method must themselves be able to write an even, bold, 
and beautiful hand on the board; for the pupils, being 
natural imitators, will invariably write as their teacher 
does. After the teacher has learned to write well on 
the board, which, to judge from the writer's own experi- 
ence, any one can accomplish in a very short time, let 
her lead her pupils to remember words which she writes 
on the board, so that they can rewrite them from mem 
ory after the words have been erased. Experiment has 
proved that this can be done, if the teacher possesses 
the tact to connect the form of the written word vividly 
enough with the mental idea of the object which she 
evokes in the minds of the pupils. This must be done 
by writing and speaking the word, at the same time; 
thus the idea called forth by the word absorbs the atten- 
tion of the child completely. In this way the child can 
be taught to read and write script at the same time. 
To use a word well known to students of German edu- 
cational science, this might be called an improved 

(H) Writing by the combined movement can be under- 
taken after a sufificient number of words has been 
learned by the second method. In order to enable the 
hand and arm to move together with ease, teachers in 
business colleges train their pupils to rest the hand on 
the fingers only, so that the muscles of the lower arm 
can move the hand freely. Thus one is able to acquire 
a very fine handwriting. But to achieve this, the pupil 
must give to the practice of different curves occumng 
in the formation of letters a longer time than young 
children ought to be made to devote to such me- 
chanical exercises. 

Another way to use the combined movement with 
ease consists in resting the right hand, not upon the tip-> 
of the fingers, but upon the side and the last joint of the 
little finger. In this position the muscles of the lower 
arm can move the hand with such complete ease that 
very little practice is required. In writing by this 
method, hold the hand about vertical upon its side, the 
fingers together and bent in an easy way so that the 
pen, laid upon the first joint of the middle finger, reeta 
easily against the first finger, where it is held by the 
point of the thumb without any pressure; or it may be 
laid between the first and middle finger and touched by 
the point of the thumb. In this position, every movr 
ment of the pen is made by the four fingers jointly, 
which renders the handling of the pen nearly as easy »- 
if it were done by the arm movement alone. 

With this natural position of the pen, writing is h 
easy that everybody can learn to write not only a cleHi 
but a beautiful hand. The inclination of the strokes 
t e., whether vertical or slanting, depends upon the wa.> 
in which the joints of the arm and hand will move mof-- 
easily. The writer advises the enforcing of neither tbi' 
one nor the other angle, but letting nature take its own 
course. If the child ia made to hold the pen naturally 
as described, and to hold its body erect, the angle of tb-- 
strokes will be a natural effect, and ought not to be in 
terfered with. 

it ia not guaranteed that this mode of writing will 
" teach a child to write within four months," but it '^ 
certain that, if correctly taught, it will enable every 
child of sound limbs and proper eyesight to become an 
easy and rapid writer, and will make his handwritint^' 
both legible and pleasing. A. H. Heinemann. 

Assistant Superintendent Haskell Institute. 



22-^ .230 231 ll-Z : 5 3 ->- 2?J 236 237 2 3d ^^^ ^*„ , 

- . . 2 4 9 2 50 251 2 > •: I 

AST iia ; 


124 W. P. Parsons, -nh G. W. Dix. 228 E. P. Quintal. 

217 D. L. Musselman, 218 A. H. Hinman. 219 A. P. Root, 220 I. W. Pierson, 221 W. A. Moulder. 222 A. P. K Krout, 223 C. A Berniard. „. ^ rii *.".-„- v r,i t r^ 

Mrs. W. J. Smith, 2i8 C. P. Bautel. 2iiJ.M H. Fox, 230 H. K. Good. 231 J. M. Balzer, 232 J. E. Bowman, 233 B. H. Parrish, 23) L. M. Hatton, 233 W. W, Way, 2311 M. A_. Connei-, 237 R. A. Grant, 2W J. D. 
Brunner, 23l)Sylvanus ApKar, 240 D. M. Keefer. 241 W. T. Piirks. 242 S D. Holt, 213 W. W. Merriman, 244 H. P. Crumb. 245 R. R. Lane, -.'40 Mrs M. E Swarzfi. 24i C. G, Prince, 2«.C. C. Ci 
E. W. VanKlrk, 260 J. D. Carter, 2.')1 B. B. Poster, 2a : W. I Stalev. 253 Q. W. Burke, .Ir. , 25) Hobart Webster, 2,55 C. W. Smith, 26» S. H. Ban 
ward, Itm C. S. Hammock, 2«l B. A. Wright, 2(!2 J . D. Fair, 2li3 F. J. Sargent, 204 Geo. Thomson. 

_. .. 24!) 

r C. E. Bigelow, 253 Jay Smith, 2,5',) J. L. Hay- 

Sketching from Nature. 


WILL be well to bear in mind 
that these are not careful 
dran'lngB made from 
sketches, Ptudies, or photo- 
graphs, but quickly made 
sketches direct from nature. 
Each sketch was made in 
about thirty minutes. You 
need not make yours in that 
time. Make your sketch as 
well as you can, if it takes a 
day. What I mean is that 
time is not the prime essen- 
tial in learning ; it is quality. 
Qnickness comes with famil- 
iarity and with the demands 
of the trade. 

In the first sketch we have 
two hemlock trees close to- 
gether, the one behind the 
other, and some mountains 
and water suggested. Re- 
member it was the trees we 
were after rather than the 
mountain scenery. Every- 
thing is made subordinate to 

the trees in size and coloring, so that the eye of the ob- 
server will be sure to notice that which interested the 
artist most. The artist thought the trees, as he saw 
them, the most beautiful of their kind, and he has there- 
fore endeavored to express that same feeling to others. 
Whether or not he has been successful, you, not he, 
must be the judge. 

In the second sketch we have a brook, spring-time 
foliage, and landscape. The central thought or motive 
is not so conspicuous as in the drawing of the hemlocks' 
Spring-time, with its brilliant lights (as in the tree in 
the foreground to the right) and cool shades (as in the 
central middle-distance), were the 
incentives for the drawing here- 
with presented. If the various 
aspects of nature do not charm 
you, if you do not behold the 
beauty of heaven uj on beholding 
the sunlight \ lay uj on the leaves 
of various hueb and tones it is not 
likely you will ever become a 
famous artist But the attempt 
to draw them will enable yon to 
see more beauty about you and to 
enjoy this world more as a prepara 
tory course to that which la to 

People of all clas es take tea 
Dead people take eterniT gay 

folks, s icieT ; good people, pieT ; successful candidate, 
majoriT ; editors, honesT ; solemn citizens, gravlT ; 
funny roosters, leviT ; orthodox citizens, deiT ; polite 
people, suaviT ; bashful fellows, modesT : kind ones, 
chariT ; bachelors, singulariT ;-but the T- pot cracked at 
this juncture. —CViica^o Comvxercial Jonrnal. 

In labeling our big dress parade last mouth slight; in- 
accuracies of name appeared iu connection with the fol- 
lowing triends who were represented. The names as 
here given are correct : 

P. H. Landers, W. H. Matthews, W. F. McWilliams, J. 
P. Regan. 

people, fe tiviT 
frea paople UbarT 

t girls I 
fash ( 

-yrj^-ffl .3fdeWi?aw"^ ~ 






results in school the following morn- 
ing. These are kept for future refer- 
ence. We expect to send specimen 
work to Mr. Kelchner, as desired. 

Wishing you coutiuued success in 
your efforts to piomote business peu 
muuship. 1 remain, 

Yours truly, 

C. T. 

New JersPft . 



A Boon to Pen Artists. 




Old Eiif/ffsh avil ihvmnn Tr.rt. 

No Btyle of lettering requires as much practice as Old 
English and German Text, that is to run them oft rapidly 
without consuming much time in retouchicg and finifh- 
log. All other alphabets are more mechanical, and al- 
most anyone who has a good eye for form can, with a 
copy before him, make a fair show. The practical way 
to letter Old English or German Text is to make them 
with one stroke of the pen, using a pen the width of the 
letter, and then, if finished work is required, retouch 
with an ordinary fine pen. But as a general thing it 
doesn't pay to spend much time working over lettering, 
putting on the finishing touches, etc. The practical 
letterer gets the effect with as little work as possible, 
and lets it go at that. To accomplish this, however, re- 
quires a great deal of practice just as it does with an 
artist to run his work oS rapidly and give it an artistic 
professional look, as if it were done without much eftort. 

Study the forms of Old English very carefully. No- 
tice how the same principles apply to every letter, the 
same in this as in every other alphabet. Some of the 
strokes in Old English are very diflScult and require 
very much practice. There is in Old English and Ger- 
man Text great scope for individuality, nearly as much 
as in handwriting. No two penmen will make these 
alphabets exactly alike, nor is it de&irable that they 
should. Every letterer or designer should have a style 
of bis own, and not copy every detail in 
some particular work. Bat it is neces- 
sary to copy first and become perfectly 
familiar with the subject he is hand- 
ling, then his own originality will assert 
itself and his work will have more 
character, whether done in a highly 
finished manner or run off rapidly in a 
broad effective style. 

There are three difficult alphabets for 
the engrosser to master, viz., Script, 
Old English and German Text. These 
seem to be the hardest, and after one 
has become proficient in these he will 
find little trouble with any other. The 
control of hand developed by this train- 
ing will enable him to make any kind 
of lettering that he sees or his fancy 

Other alphabets used a great deal 
by engrossers are the Roman and Block 
or Gothic. These can be found every- 
where. The Roman alphabet is so com- 
mon that it is unnece8sary;to give any 
models. By observing .^ the. different 

forms of Roman and Block letters in newspapers 
and wherever there is anything printed, one can 
soon become familiar with them, the variations from 
type forms will suggest themselves as he progresses. 
One of the best schools in lettering is to study the way 
advertieeqients are nowadays displayed. There seems 
to be a great fad for putting advertisements in catchy 
styles of lettering, and often the very best models are 
found in well displayed advertisements and posters. It 
isn't my idea to give many alphabets as such, but rather 
to begin at once on simple designs— as it is in applying 
lettering in engrossing and designing that I find the 
average penman needs help. There are hundreds of fine 
letterers to every good engrosser and designer, and this 
coarse, while helping the penman in lettering, has for 
its principal aim to aid him in the more advanced work 
of designing. 1 shall endeavor to show how 1 " lay off " 
a design, just as I do it in my every day work, roughly 
in pencil, and then will engrave. the completed piece. 

It strikes me that this kind of help will be what our 
penmen want rather than the same old rehash of 

Are you keeping up with the ar- 
ticles on engrossing by W. E. 
Dennis ? It you are a prufetsional 
^ — g penmiiu, or expect to be, you will 

^^^^^^L tiud these of great practicul value. 

^^ ^ Some people have a way of giving 

instructions that impresses one with 
the tremendous accomplishments of 
the instructor, but when one takes 
account of stock he fiuds that he hns 
derived from them mighty little oE 
practical value. There is a big differ- 
ence between impressing one with 
your talents and putting one in the 
way to develop talents of his own. 
Dennis is handling his subject in a 
thoroughly practical style — ^hewiiig 
right to the line of The Journal's motto, To Be ok 

The front page of this issue gives a taste of his quality 
in the line of finished engrossing. It you are a beginner 
don't expect to arrive at this stage too soon, and by no 
means neglect the foundations which are being laid in 
the first papers of the series. 




The next issue of The Journal will be particularly 
rich in elegant script work. One specimen is from that 
Prince of Penmen, H. W. Flickinger ; another from the 
ever-youthful veteran, A- H. Hinman. Other well-known 
penmen who have contributed fine script specimens, which 
The Journal has on hand ready for insertion, are James 
H. Smith, I. W. Pierson, S. E. Bartow, W. K. Cook, 0, 
W. Harman, C. C. Canan, W. S. Chamberlain, Paul A. 
Steele, Geo. S. McClure, C. E. Webber, F. O. Gardiner. 

The Journal Taught From in Leading 

The Journal is living squarely up to its motto, " To 
Be of Use." The paper is being actually taught from in 
scores of business colleges, including many of the largest 
and best in the country. The following is a specimen 
letter : 

Newark, N. J., January 14. 1898. 
Penman's Art Journal : 

We are taking advantage of your liberality in present- 
ing so excellent a writing course in The Art Journal by 
utilizing them m our classes in connection with our. regu- 
lar penmanship work. We have recently sent you a club, 
comprising those of our students who have not been 
subscribers for The Journal heretofore, with the view 
of having every student possess a copy of The Journai-, 
so that this series of copies may be practiced at home as 
well as at school. The teachers require their students to 
practice certain copies each evening, and produce the 

About Publishing Specimens, Etc. 

It takes fully a week after the last matter goes to the 
printers before The Journal is ready for mailing. The 
same applies to engraved matter, only in this case it 
usually takes at least ten days. We make this explana- 
tion for the benefit of friends who have sometimes sent 
matter and wondered why it did not appear in the next 
issue. Even if we were not overcrowded around the tinif 
for going to press, as is always the case, it is generally 
impracticable to insert anything received within less 
th«n two weeks. 

We will say in this connection that we have on hanil 
many specimens which we intend to insert at the earliest 
opportunity. Some of these have been in plate for 
months. Occasionally our good friends seem to lose sight 
of the tact that there are thousands of them to one of u^, 
and there are certain limitations of space that we art- 
bound to respect. 









< o .a-y&V 


Card Writing. 

No. 1. 

With^his issue of The Journal I begin a short series 
of illustrated articles on card writing. 

This'article deals with flourished cards, shaded and un- 
t^iiaded. Later will follow plain and copper plate styles, 
an article on eacb. _w4 fi ^ d 

Gmernl Rtmattiti. 

Card writing is a branch of penmanship that nearly 
e.-ery embryo penman aspires to master. There seem's 
f^ome fascination in a written card to attract all, es- 
pe-ially young penmen. Many, however, delve into it 
without first baving acquired a good handwriting and 
sufficient information upon which to begin such an un- 
■J^irtakins. To be able to write a good card io any one 
style requires long practice, and far longer to write half 
a dozen or more styles, all with the same ink and pen 
ainiost, as is often required of tbe card writer doing work 
lor the public. 

. The young penman (whether young in years or young 

lu experience) should do but little writing on cards until 

jib becomes master of a fair handwriting. After this has 

■^''Pa acquired he mav quite profitably devote some time 

iiil writing. He should get a supply of rather cheap 

luil practice on them part of the time. By this 

- be can iu a short time become suEBciently pro- 

' L to be called upon by friends and neighbors to write 

■••vi.- fur them. 


Use a black ink with a slight gloss, which makes a fine 

"wr liue, a good surface card, and .pens to suit the styles 

or writing desired. Seldom can a pen coarser than Gil- 

lott's Principality No. 1 be appropriately used, and from 
this to the finest lithographic pens made. The pen used 
by card writers more tban any other is Gillott's Princi- 
pality mentioned above ; hence I suggest that any who 
may desire to write cards or to follow these articles ob- 
tain a supply of this pen and use the oblique holder. 
Avoid a soft surface card. Get a fine pen surface regard- 
less of the thickness of the card. Cards are. of all grades, 
costing from 75 cents to H per 1,000. A "card costing 
less than §1 per 1,000 is not much good, and even some 
at that price are useless. The only sure way to tell their 
quality is to try them. They come in thickness from 2 to 
8 ply ; 2, 3 and -t ply are used most. Tbe expensive cards 
are cut from pasted wedding bristol, and the cheaper 
ones from woven bristol. To tell a pasted from a woven 
card, burn a corner, and if pasted the different plys will 

J'osition and Moreuient. 

The same as for artistic writing. The movement to be 
used for copper plate styles (in an article to follow) must 
be almost wholly finger. 

style of Writlnff. 

The styles here given are generally preferred among 
those directly interested in fine penmanship, yet are 
much iu favor with many others, principally because of 
their attractiveness. Tbe light shade Noe. 3 and 5 are 
possibly more often selected than the others, the un- 
shaded No, 4 coming nest. Tbe unshaded is more often 
selected by ladies. 

Considerable experience with the preference of custom- 
ers as to the styles of cards has taught me that preTerences 
are as varied as with most ladies in selecting new hats. 1 
find "every one to his notion, as with the old woman 
who kissed the cow." Generally speaking, ladies oftener 
choose a light style of writing than a heavy style. Men 
are as likely to choose one as another. 


There are a great variety of ideas and customs regard- 
ing the arrangement of "Address" and "Business" 
cards. Two styles are given with the illustratioos of this 
article. More will be said on this subject next month. 
&tfjiv3 of r«iv/.v. 

As with the writing, notions and preferences vary, yet 
not 80 generally. I find. Fashion now prescribes a large 
square or nearly square card for ladies. The ultra fash* 
iouable man's card just now is small and oblong in shape. 

The present style is a plain thin card. Tbe thick bevel 
and fancy edge cards are out of date. 

Position, pen holding, etc., is the same as for artistic 
writing. The lines must be bold and dashy. To get 
them thus a rapid motion must be employed. A slow, 
cramped movement will produce failure ; kinky, weak 
lines Endeavor to get the names in center of cards both 
ways. It is well to try putting the name near the top of 
card, then bottom, and note the vast difference in ap- 
pearance as compared with a card with name in center. 
The name must also be straight on the card. It is well 
to :; rule the cards for a while rather than get them 
crooked. They can be very nicely ruled with a verj' light 
pencil mark. Take a card and double it lengthwavs so 
that by placing a card between the folds and using the 
edge ot the upper fold as a guide, a line can be made on 
the card just where the name is desired. By this means, 
every card can be quickly ruled exactly tbe same. After 
they are written erase the pencil lines with soft rubber. 
Kneaded rubber is good. 

. If those who wish to follow these lessons well will 
send me some of their best work in about two weeks 
from receipt of this issue of The Journal I shall be glad 
to make personal mention and criticism of it in The 


What 300 Well-Known Penmen and Teachers Say About 


The best thing ever undertakeo to instruct by. I shall use 
The Journal in my class work, a thing I have never done 

Auburn, X. Y., School of Business. 

Spencerian B. C, Yonkers. N. Y, 

S W. Kans. Coll.. WinfltUl. Ka 




300 Graded Pen Copies in Rapid Business Writing. 


state Normal School. Geneseo, N. Y. 

Writing Super 

Public Scliools, Portland, Me. 

Price of The Journal in Quantities. 

A number ot friends have inquired the price of extra 
JouRN.\LS for scrap-book purposes. The price of a single 
number is 5 cents. Six copies mailed in one package 
will be sent tor 25 cents ; twelve copies, 40 cents ; 
twenty-five copies, T5 cents ; one hundred copies, f3.50. 
These figures are for the Regular Edition, which con- 
tains practically all of the specimens. Extra copies of 
the News Edition cost just twice as much. 

Where a number are in the same school it would be 
well to club together and order a quantity, in this way 
getting the reduced rates. When six or more papers 
are ordered they can be rolled, thus avoiding ' 
Twenty-five or more may be sent flat, which is better 
still. It must be distinctly understood that we reserve 
the option to decline all orders for single copies when 
the edition gets low. 


'•^c/i/nanA Q^tC'QyotcauL& 


A /^ 

^A ^Ekik^ A Ai^l^v^^R^.^BMA ASbA ^ 


^ lik \]SL UoLJL m kJk\A^AL . iA 1 1 li. kli 




^ i 






irw w^»Y3rW VWrVf \rirwwJ8Wir' 






Automatic Lettering. 

No. a. 

OB our lesson this month we will try the 
Marking Alphabet with No. 4 shading 
pen This is a very simple lespou, and 
ought easily be mastered in thirty days. 
Notice how characters Nob 1 to .5 
bpgio with a rounded stroke— not blunt. 
You will have a tendency to make with 
a straight stroke, same as Nors.~ThTfl 
is not right, and will spoil effect of let- 
ter. To get this beginning stroke as it 
should be. run your pen a very short dit-tance on its 
edge, gradually drawing downward at the same time. 

The majority of students do not seem to comprehend 
that by slightly increasing or diminishing in size, any 
alphabet can be made with different size pens. 

It would be impossible to give all the alphabets as 
made with different size pens, so after you master this 
with the No. 4 pen 1 want you to notice the letters at 
the end of second line—'', B, Tand K. 

Notice letter r made with No. 1 shading pen. It can 
also be made with Nn. 1 marking pen. In connection 
with the latter pen, the letter may be made with ad- 
hesive ink, and flock or di imond dust used. The capital 
B is made with No. marking pen, as is also small 
"v." Notice these correspond in size nearly to heavy 
stroke of No. 4 pen. Notice capital K made with No. ii 
shading pen ; it also corresponds in size to heavy stroke 
of No. 4 pen. ".w 

I have also made some letters of the alphabet perpen- 
dicular. It can be made straight as well as slanting. 
Tuis, as also the above explanation, is given to show 
yon how the various pens may be utilized. 

Go over the copy with a dry pen first. This will show 
you how to start out right. Master this with No. 4 pen 
first, and do not use any other size pen until you can 
get all letters on same slant. Try hard for this. 
„ When you accomplish this your success is assured. 

Make your letters same size as copy here given. The 
plate this month is ruled into squares 7-l(i of an inch in 
size. Do not use a " glazed " paper. ; — 

A paper same quality as that used in good newspTpers 

or books is the best. ^^ ,^ .,| 

Avoid foolscap, etc. Practice carefully. Alwai/s keep 

pen moving at same rate of speed. Do not jerk or end 

with a quick or hurried stroke. " 

Use paper ruled r-10 of an inch, as in cut. Sand iu~ our 
best work for criticism, which will be given through 
Journal columua, or personal criticism will be given, 
together with letters made as they should be if stamp 

Practical Lessons in Automatic Penman- 

Every year brings an increased demand for the kind 
of pan lettering which is generally known as " auto- 
matic"— although why that name was chosen it would 
perhaps be dillicult to understand, just as it is difficult 
to u-iderstand why wo should call a particular writing 
movement ■■ muscular " when no sort of movement can 
be made except through the muscles. However it 
sometimes pays to take thlng-i as we find them. 

No one can pass along a business street these days 
without seeing in the windows multitudes of signs an- 
nouncing prices of goods, or brierty describing them, or 
containing various business mottoes and enticements to 


trade. The same thing salutes one from the walls of 
popular restaurants in the towns and villages, espe- 
cially where there is no postal delivery. The post office 
is the daily resort of a large proportion of the popula- 
tion Taking advantage of thii fact the innate advertis- 
ing genius of America shows itself by placarding the 
walls of such public places, which also include the read- 
iug rooms of hotels and often the entrances to town 
halls, court bouses, &c., with signs advertising busi- 
nes^es,that appeal to that particular community. This 
of course breeds a spirit of emulation, and business men 
are alert to employ those devices that suggest enter- 
prise and appeal to the beholder by reason of some spe- 
cial merit or uniqueness, artistic or otherwise. 

Right here the " automatic " pen artist has often his 
opportunity. One may see these signs almost any- 
where throughout the country, and they are being mul- 
tiplied at a rapid rate. The old fashioned itinerant card 

■ *l.l.\JOR«VMR«(l.MTui 




writer is almost a thing of the past. The " traveling 
penman " of to-day must be a practical '* automatic *' 
artist if he expects to make the most of his opportuni- 
ties— which is another way of saying greatest number 
of dollars. Of course if lie can write cards and do other 
kinds of p^n work so much the better. 

Tbe kind of placards that we have reference to are 
shown by the small designs herewith reproduced from 
the pen work of A. B. Cushman of Humboldt. Kan. The 
originals of these were from twelve to eighteen inches 
across. The usual plan is to group and mount quite a 
number of them on one large card. 

There is a young man in Ottawa, 111., who has long 
been an enthusiast on the subject of automatic penman- 

ship. We have had him in our eye for a long time wait- 
ing for him to get " ripe." He has had practical experi- 
ence in all phases of this branch of p3nmanship— 
understands color values, is proficient in the making of 
artistic forms, has a correct knowledge of lettering, and 
ia addition has been in the business long enough to 
understand it thoroughly from the practical as well as 
the professional point of view. The Journal has en- 
tered into a contract with this young man, G. W. Bess, 
to give its readers the benefit of his experience and his 
skill in a series of illustrated papers. The first install- 
ment appeared last month, While the artistic will not 
be sacrificed needlessly, Mr. Hess will put the main ac- 
cent on those features that are in line with The Jour- 
nal's motto— " To Be of Use." What he presents will 
be given with the primary thought of helping penmen 
to earn their living He makes a first-class but-inesslike 
start. Keep your eye on him. 

Development of Business Capitals. 

unaccountable manner a fine lesson on the 
' Development of Business Capitals," 
by C. A. Faust, of the Chicago Bus, 
Coll., delivered before the Western 
j Penmen's Association, at the Chicago 
( meeting, was overlooked in our report 
in January's Journal. Mr. Faust has 
some excellent ideas along this line, 
and his talk produced an impression 
I the Association. 

Photos and Autographs Wanted. 

The Journal would I'ke to have the photograph and 
autograph of every professional penman in the country. 
At the present time we hnve a large collection. A very 
considerable proportion of those embodied in the group 
on the front page of this issue have been in our office for 
some time. Every once in a while we have occasion to 
use the photograph of a particular person. In addition 
to that, one of the attractions of our office to profes- 
sional visitors are several large professional scrap-books 
filled with thf* work of penmen dating from the present 
time back to Father Spencer. We suppose these scrap- 
books are unmatcded anywhere in tbe world. We want 
to round them out by having them embody the pen work 
of ever ijbodn in the business, and wish also to have our 
friends' photos on view. If you send us your photograph 
please don't ask for its return, for the reason stated 
above, and for tbe further reason that it we should have 
occasion to engrave it the chances are that we should 
have to trim it down. There are literally thousands of 
our friends and only one of The Journal, so that it has 
to consider the matter of space very carefully. Besides, 
the tendency of the higher grade periodicals is distinctly 
toward very small an^ neat portraits The old fashioned 
horse-blanket variety is a back number. 

Try the Magical Effect of a Quarter on 
5ome Journal Advertiser. 

Penman's Art Journal : 

Will you please explain why all tbe Penmen keep 
clear of the combination of the three capitals P, W, A '■.' 
1 have watched the columns of The Journal in vain for 
a long time hoping to find a combiuation of those tliree 

Peter W. Addison. 

Kcndrick, Idaho, 

rntil fiirtlicr notice new siihseriptions may heix'm 
with Dec. number, so as to iiiclMde tlie full conrso of 
" 300 firatled Pen Copies in Kapid Business Writing/' 




labjlsbed 1850. Buitlitet^, Sbortbaml. P^Qtunnstitp. 
Pr*parator.v . [Diilviilu»l Instnu-ii m. Suti stu- 
dents annually. Open dll vear. Write for full 
Information. E, J. HEEB. Fres. 

I. RIchmotif 

flasbrille, Ucnn. 



Indorsed by Bnnkere, Jlerchanta, and othere. Bookkeep- 

BoardglO. To order 
lext best thing to entering our 
ille. I Mention tbts (laper.) 

where. Novacatii 
onr books for boE 
\:boQlB. Wnte i 


free. R. A. BKUBECK, Principal. 

ipply. Catalogue 



tliue. Catalogs free. 

IbQo. First B.&S. College. Dlus. clrcule 



flew iSorl;. 


149 South 8th St., BrookKn, N. Y. Catalogues 
free on appllcutlon, persoiially or by letter. HENRY 
C. WRIdHT, Principal. 


wego, N. Y. Oood positions secured all short- 
hand puplU when competent. Book-keeping and 
penmanship by Urst-elass teacher. Spanish tauRbt 
by a native Spaniard from Spain. AU these 
branches taught by mail, also Spanish shorthand 
by the Graham and Benn Pitman systems. Clr- 
ciilars and first le.sson in shorthand free. Write 
W. G. CHAFFEE. OsweRO, N. Y. 


ele, N. Y. An Institution of wide reputation, re- 
ceiving a 'Vaffonal patronage. 


125tti_Street, N.^w York, N. Y.. receives Day 




' facu 






Military Institute, 


BngHsh. CIsBsical, Scientific, 
and Business Courses. 

DaDvlllc, Vs. 


THOROUOH COURSES In Business. Shorthand 

an«l Typewriting, EnRltsh Tralnink'. Normal Train- 
ing aucfp.-ntnaushlu. Address ROCKFORD BUSI- 
NESS COLLEGE, i05 S. Main St.. Rockford, Illinois. 


CATALOGUES ol The CapIUI City Commercial 

College and the Capital City School of Shorthand 
will lie sent free to Intending studeul-s. Address 
MEHAN & McCAULEY. Dea Moines, Iowa. These 
Instil ut Ions are ft^s^class business training schools. 


ARY mSTITDTE, New Orleans. La.. renowne<i for 
40 years for its high grade courses. phlbTiopblc 
systems, advanced accounting, practical and 
etblcal lectures. Write for free specimen pages 
nf Soule'8 great works. The Science and Practlct- 
of Accounts and the Philosophic Practical Mathe- 


tario. 28th year. W. B. ROBINSON, J. W JOHN- 
SON. F. C. A., principals for 10 years. Most widely 
attended business college In America. Address 
ROBINSON & JOHNSON. Believllle, Ontario. Can. 

, e?" THK VSiE OF CUTS on this page or any 
'"""-•-- ' - I the general style of display will 


, SHAW, Prim 



town. Pa., indorsted tty leadlnR eiVucators. It bas 
a national reputation. Prosi>e<'tus and Commence 
nieui proceedings ^eut on application. 




*; Short J'""]"::';' ,;-'■ ', ''''I'l'."" 

L .4dJ:^^kd Slioilbiind, Uept. L., Sau-sser Bldg.. 
*^- Tyrone. Pa. 


W; E. DENNIS. 357 Fulton St., Brooklyn. N.Y., 

. Orders have been 

line leather card case, or for 10c. silver 10 cards 

he sent; for 25c. one doz. cards and the card case. 

C. R. RUNNELLS. W.iO So. Seeley Ave., Cblcago. 2-3 

Superior copies and Ins 

Terms Reasonable. 

Resolutions Engrossed. Designs Made and Cuts 

Furnished. All kinds of Pen Work Executed. 


Powder for 1 pt. Elegant Glossy Black Ink. . $0.35 

Bottle Unequuled Whit* Ink, prepaid 25 

- - ~ - (5ard8 25 

1 Unbeatable Written C 



C A. FAUST of Chicago 

Sells Shading; Pens, Inks and Sup- 
plies at the bottom notch. Send 2c. 
for circulars. 

SEND 35 CENTS lor line specimens of Wrltlns. 

Lftieriim'.nnd Hiu'lsblng. Can't help but please. 
A-ldnsfe J>0. K.slPLE. careB.\KH.KiTs Hi ». CoL., 
( hu-hnmtl. o. 

P. B. S. PETERS. Manual Training High School. 

Kansas CUy. iMo., has a new plan of giving lessons 
by mail in Penmanship, Book-keeping or Shorthand. 

ONE Dozen Cards, 1 5c.; Business Capitals, lac; 

Fancy Capitals, 15c.; Sheet of Ornamental Com- 

A NEW IDEA! ''*"=firL''tTuRs. 

So. 00 pays for a 6 months' course in plain 
at Sl.UO per month in advance). 
A Certificate of Merit awarded 
the one improving most. Diplo- 
ma given worthy pupils complet- 
ing the course. Send 15c. for one 
of my dashy written letters (ar- 
tistic style), set of caps and full 

ornamental writing (payable 

Central College, Kansas CUy, Mo. 


Drawer T, OTTAWA, ILL., 

For Automatic Shading Pens, Inks, Copybooks, Mail Courses in 

^*Aiito.," Crossriiled Paper, and supplies of all kinds. 



Prof. P. R. Mbrbiam, Dubuque, Towa, care Bayiess Bus, College, says: 'Book received. 
It is the finest I have ever seen," 

Prof. T. J. Williams, Pasadena, Cal.. Principal Williams Bus. College, sajs; "Specimen 
received. Am well pleased. You are certainly an artist with the Automatic Pen." 

A sample lesson sent for lOc. in stamps. 

An elegant specimen, very fine, for 10c. . worth a dollar, or yonr name lettered 
on pnre silk ribbon for loc— actual cost of ribbon and postage. Execnted in "White 
and Gold ; very, very swell. 

Your money returned in every instance if goods are not as represented. 

N. B. — The firm of Cushman & Hess is no longer in existence. 

McPberson, Kansas. 

Lessons by mail. Sample artistic writing-poetry. 2.5c. 
Sampleqt. of my famous fine llnwine luK- prepaid, 
25c. A photo engraved pen study 14x17 inches. aOc. 
The above «1 worth ail for fifteen 2 cent stamps. 

W. M. Engel, Reading, Pa. Artistic letter, isc. ; 

one doz. cards, aoc; specimens. 25c.; 12 lessons. 

9 In pemnanship by mall S2.a 

itals, with In'^tructlons for card wrltlug, 5(Jc. 

WHAT Hammond says about Castronography. 
4 12 p^.ge booklet witli beautiful sr>e<-lmeii of 
knife work sent for 10c. Best lilauk curds. Lowest 
prices. samples free. L. W. HAMMOND. Ba- 
tavla. N. Y. 

D. S. MILL. Penman, Curdsviile, Ky. Beautiful 
flourish 10 cents, caps, business and f.inrv |ii 
cents, mail course gS.OO, cards 15 cents. All iiinds 
of order work. 

niSS ELLA E. CALKIN5, Zanerlan College, Co- 
lumbus, O. Your name written in '2slyles, !5c.;on 
cards 25c,; specimens 25e.; '2 lessons 82,50. 

B. H.HI5BR. 2nd Prize Public Scliool Writing 

LESSONS, f 2.5a. 


Learn to Write Your Name. 

Send me your name written in full and 2Sc. 
and I will send you one dozen or more wnya ot 
ting it, with instructions or scud me&Oc. and 
eive 24 or more ways, or 91 and receive 38 or 
re ways. Circular and price-iist addressed in 
own hand for -'c. stamp. Address 

A. E. PARDONS, rreston. Iowa. 






) UicSatlDo PrI 
lything ell 

Portfolio of ov.r 40 Rlnboi 
"Auto" DCBiuuH. leproouced I 
Process, contains nmre Inspiration 

offered to the public. 

PRICE, ONLY $1.00. 

Illustrated circular Riving full description and com- 
mendations from higli authority sent to airv address 
for a stamp. THE CUSHMaN .f DUNBa'M ADTO 
CO., Fredoula. Kansas. 

The only practi 
date pen wipei 

HEALY, 35 Orchard Sti 


Get out of the nit ; a device for ruling cards nny 
width for six 2c. stamps. 


Lessons by mall by the monrh In Bookkreplng, 
Writing and Public School Druwhig. Plain t|ari.8 at 
17c. perdoz. Fancy cards 25c. up. Flourished stag 
22 X 28 for $1.25. Address 

('. A. BRANKJEU. I y 

M. 8. B. College. Parkersburg. W. \ a. 

The Bergman Patent Vertical Writer. 


I he An 

ol'VfitU-nl Writing NnyH about it : 

"I have tried your new pens for vertical writingand 
find that they are a great aid In writing the vertlcaL 
They should have a large sale." E. C Mills, Rochester. 
N. Y. No. 1, medium fine pen. for schools and general 
correspondence. Costs but a cent at stailoners'. or 
sample mailed for a 2 cent stamp. 12-v 

THE BER03I.VN PEN CO.. Fort Madison. Iowa. 

Time and Honey Saved 

by takintrour "Auto" Mail (durse. unit huvinji 
"Auto" sur'pl"t!S""l us 

The "KIngofAuto' Artlsi8."has full cbaigcof 

only Strictly 1st class inks on the market. Sam- 
ple bottle, prepaid, l2r. 

Circulars. Specimens, etc., to «ny !i(Mre?p for 
2c. stamp. Address 



"CAT TC HP ^C Automatic Shad- 
r AUO 1 0;ng Pen Inks are 







"Wlant" a&0. 

and tttampino tM replieM ready /oi 
urriiinQ the nom-de-plume ' 
ino wueh aealed repiitM in a 

iauing and 
_ . . _ ■, then indos- 

„^ . .-ivelope addressed to 

The Penman^» Art Journal, tot Broadioa]/, New 
York. PotftOQc must be «ent for forwarding Cata- 
loffues, Neu)9paper», Photooraphg, Ac . 

Sttuattons Mante^. 

EU8' HUKEAU. IViimuDNhip, com' 
mercinl. nnd Hliorilmnd iiud typcnriliDt 
faraii<h<-N4)nly. I( briDus icaclKTM and Mctioolt 

ncEooIn I 


ull lee ttt cfaHrKed the teacher i no chnrse 
mile to Ihe school. Reliable scIiooIk seek- 
JencherM, ,and ^n-ell qualified, reliable 

Idi "- 

„ Mi 

KEAU.ltO'j Broadwav. New York. 

SPECIALTIES are book-keeping, buslneas 


^ arithmetic ami business penmanship. Can also 

teach all the commercial subjects. Qooa high scl 
ami biialness college education. Nine years' exi 
«nce. f» of which was principal of com'l tlept. In 
inal Bcbool. Familiar with Williams & Rogers. I 
aelman.Sadlerand Ellis Systems. Health good; 
ail; unmarried. Good references. Fair salary. 

Mhorthand and business academy. Tivo years' teach- 
ing experience. Familiar with Complete Phono- 
graphic Reporter. Health good; unmarried. Good 
references. Moderate salary. Ready now. Address 
" U. O. S.," care of Pknmas's Art Journal. 

PENMANSHIP Is my specialty, Can teach busi- 
ness corresijondeuce and spelling. Willing to do 
omce work, {iood normal and ifenniinshfp training. 
Eighteen years" experience. Health good; age 41; 
married. Good references. Low salary Resay any 

Address -'O. J. E.." care of Penman's' Art 

keeping, coni'l arithmetic, com'l law. business 
forms, penmanship, Benn Pitman Shorthand, type- 
writing autl common branches Is open for engage- 
ment. Can also do expert accounting. Good normal 

school, commercial and : 
completed part of teachers' 

Williams & Rogers, aadler. 

I TEACH all theeommerclsl branches. Graduate 
of liiKh sctionl, normal college and State univer- 
sity. About ten years' teaching experience. Familiar 
with Williams & Rogers, Sadler, Ellis and Packard 
Svfltems. Health good; age 2fl; unmarried. Good 
references. Moderate salary. Ready now. Address 

COMPETENT TEACHER of Graham's Stand 
ard Phonography desires poi - - ■ 
college. Refereuces furnlsnec 
WILLIAMS, 14 W. MarketSt.. Wilkes-Barre. Pa, 

TEACHER of book-keeping, arithmetic, Gregg 
Shortl * .-.>-— . .--- 

Address RUTH 

Tiedlate engagement. Good c 
"' — 1 college education. 1 

Low salary. Address "N. 

Ueacbecs T[Qlante&. 

hrnncheHonly. It hviuiiM tencherN and McbouU 

«clii>ol9 HUll ii'iicliorN cuableH the inanase- 
fliicnt t« Micct iroofl leitcbeiN lomood Hchools. 
8iiih1I IVf iH cliiirueil tbv lencbei- 1 no cbnrite 
la made to ibe mbool. Ueliuble aclioolN Huek- 
iu(r lencbcrN. iind well qualified, reliable 
tencherw Neekiiiit placet* are wanted for»ur 
4InI<*. No olhero need nppl}', AddresM PEN. 
KEAT. 40-.J Broadway, New York. 

TheP. A. Journal TKAciiKKsUitKEAi- has a e*!! 
for a man to assume the management of an ludepend- 
^•nt normal school. He must be well educated, ma- 
ture eoouRh to know his own mlud and somethinir 
Id, If possible a graduate of 

islness man of executive ability 

thorouchly familiar with everything pertaining 

jtchool, a business man of executive ability, a hustled, 
thorouchly familiar with everything pertaining to 
the organization and malutalnlug a inucccssful lode- 


A>1 I'l i:hm; I I \ CHER of penmanship and 

■'■' ■ ' ■■ ■ I 1' I'- Is wanted by a flrst^class 

busltu I .-.- Must be well educated 

and A . . ' „ luT A.Ulress "EASTERN 

CITY I 1 Akt JoruNAL, 

wnnti'd lo liaveeliari;eof a commercial departs 
munt. Must be a man of the finest character, well 
preparf d In actual business and penmanship. Salarv 
*l .000 a year. Address " NORMAL," care of Penman's 
Art JoiTtSAL. 

The Quick Schools 

fcre beginning to think about their teachers for 
the next schiwl year, A few of them have already 
out In applications. More will do so next month 
The larger schools especially usually give them- 

selves plenty of time to select their teachers, ct 

""* ' " alter far too Important to atte: 

and perhaps be disappointed 

-log the 
u> m a hui 
a critical Jui 

The Quick Teachers 

lake advantage of this 

- — -.; and begin to look 

the feathering of their owa nests early 

1 The Journal's Teachers' 

; receive pli 

a teacher or If you 
to attend lo it n* 
been picked over. 

Ilti le concession In point of 

wait untif things hav 

meantime. This I: 
place, it' 

We Charge Nothing 

to pchoolsand a very small fee to teachers 
pared with what teachers' agencies generally 

than all the other agencies in A 

charge, although we place 

■han all the other ..^ 

Send for descriptive circular if this 

JBustness <S>pportunttte0. 

IF YOU WANT to reach penmen, coramei 
school proprietors and teachers, supervisor 
writing ana drawing, etc. The Journal's want 

umus will put you In communication with tL 

Possibly you have a pen, ink, penholder or something 

of the kind to put on the market. You may want 

partner for some business enterprise, etc. This Is tli 

e market. You may 
enterprise, etc This 
nunlcatlon with the righi 

The price in St2.50 each inseriion for ad». 
not to exceed ibree-quartera ol oue inch. 
It two iQNertions be paid for in advance 
(95) the advertiser will be entitled to a 
third insertion free. H desired. 

AN INTEREST in. or the ownership of a school 
widely and favorably known, having a good 
patronage, desirably located, well equipped, can be 
secured by desirable parly. For 'particulars address 
" H. I. H./' care Penman's Art Journal. 

A \VEI.I.KNOWN commercial teacher, accouut- 

In New York City) will buy aeliool or 
-■-''••- - *- • ■ Nevv England. Addre 

3 Penman's Art Jodhnal. 

ept a tempting offer to 
engage in another business In this city. School estab- 
lished '83. Best reputation. Public and Private oftlces, 
Rec. Rooms, Assembly room. etc. Fuel gas. 

Here Is an opportunity for some vmniD- mnn tn not 

Into an established business for 

^ of profit from the t 

20,0ltlt. No 

Scbools ifor Sale.; 

fornla. Tei 

Good surroundings. Ni 

Ellis system of 


, , „ -- 1. jiiiis system o' 

keeping. Eclectic shorthand This Is less thai 

School In a good payfi 

book-keeping. Eciecti 

cost of equipment, bound to sell, present proprletoi 
going to Klondike, Address LOCK BOX 860, Sai 
Jose. California. 

"OOR SAIjE.— Well^estabUshed Business Collect 

Eastern city of 125.000 people. SplendTt 
?ut and a mC""" •"">'"- '— - ■ ■ 
Sold cheap tor 

equipment and 

maker for a wide awake 

. B. C." care of Penman's Akt Journal. 

70 K S A I.E.— A prosperous and elegantly equipped 
Buslneas College In an Atlantic sea-board city of 

*.000 Inhabitants. No opposition. This Institution, 
If well managed, will give Ihe purchaser a handsome 
-■• -' "" - at be a practical bust- 

One-quartercash, and balance i 


i educator rt'ii come well recommended. $1200, 

' "be paid from the 

r Journal, 

nings of the college, Addri 


■prising city In Penn.. with no competition 

than 75 miles, will 


In dally attendance. New furniture, elegant 
.«yiii3,all conveniences, rent low. good reputation. 
A money making opportunity for a young hustler. 
Proprietor has other Interests to look after. Write 
for particulars and price. Address "CHAIN," 

of Penman's 

r Jour: 


1 bargain ? Here I 

DO YOr AVANT a school 
a chance for you. A Business CoUegi 
an enterprising CRv !n Pa., with no competition. 
Rooms specially built for this work. The school has 
agood reputation. Equlppod with every modern con- 
venience. Proprietor wishes to retire from indoor 
work. Win sellat a bargam. Address "KEYSTONE " 

e of Pen 


Special Bargain mis. 

Hundreds of school proprietors are contemplating 


A^Ing a ataln. 

Costs you 4c.. sells for 60c. la easier to make t 

Removea writing Ink without 
4c.. sella for 60c. la ea~' 
Tnis formula for 20o. 

C. U. KLEIN. UlUervllle. Ulnn. 


Paid 98 a 100 to copy adv. letters. 
The Owl, Cheyenne, Wyo. Box 


can be kept on DIXON'S American Graph- 
ite PENCILS, without brealiing off every 



poooooo 000000 000000 000000 c 


The perfect train — 

Chicago to Los Angeles. 

W. J. BLACK, a.P.A., Topeka, Kan. 
C. A. HiaaiNS. A. a. p. a., Cblcago. 

> 000000 000000 000000 O 

"Art in the Schoolroom." 

An Illustrated list of bl,?h class 

ultable for school decoration, 
general catalogue, will be r 

ii-ly In October. 

address upon receipt of lOe. in 


s Art Publishers, 14 East 23d Street, 

New YORK. 2-3 


Reprints of important historical docu- 
ments with bibliographical notes. Indis- 
pensable for teachers. Eighty-five leaflets 
now ready. Send for completed lists. 

Commercial Law Teachers 

keep posted right up t 

Btudy, at home, in spare time, m 
Law Monthly, the • Businesf 
It covers the whole field. It a 
maintains a Hom<> Study Ln 
free all needed help, and a departm 

3 Law Journal.' 

t for discussion 

of Commercial Law Class methods, giving the : 

^Habla V. Espanol? 

Parlez-Vous Francais? 

Sprechen Sie Deutsch? 

Parlatc Italiano? 


,ctly ^ 

There are people who 

-^^-iratus. furniture, tyr."- 

writer, atatfonery. etc. The point Is to reach them, 

"III buy anv tert book or apparatus, furnltu: 

The Joors 

words, by the use of Its _ _ _^ 

what you have to offer to practically All who would 
i>e Interested In buying, provided It be somethluK In 
the commercial schoolline. By way of an experiment 
we are going to offer, for a limited time. ' 

s for the regular price 

1 described above, 

', of ifirt 


Learn to speak fluently either Spanish, French, Italian 
Pupils taught as IE actually In the pres- 
■ ■ r. Terms for membership, 
le.stlons answered and 1 
harge. Part I ( 3 Lesson; 

■ of the teacher. 

for each language. All que.stlons answered and all 
exercises corrected free of charge. P 
either language, sent on receipt of 25 

296 Summer Street, Boston, Mass. 


gold plated, 60c. 

Special prices to schools and colleges. 


The person sending a club of tl at 28c. each will get 
i silver plated one free or a gold plated one for a club 


Penman ChlcaKO Bu5. Coll., Chicago. III. 

on Double Enameled Paper, with uotd Edges, ele- 
gantly bound in Red Morocco, handsomely emb "" " 
Fn gold and should be In the hands of every teacner 
and every private student In the United States. Every 
■ " is thoroughly explained and Illustrated. Sent to 
■^ - )f price. $2.50 la 

r Draft. Address 

any address by ...___ 
Stamps, Post Office Money < 

. ROBBUJS. Sedalla, Mo. 

How to See the Point and 
Place It: 

Punctuation Without Rules ot Grammar, 

forty pages which teaches puncrum 

Ing rapidly by example. Many people 
studied English, Latin and Greek Grammar ure v 
carelebs and slovenly punctuators. This book Is 
dispensable to all writers. Memorizing rules 
exceptions wastes time and they are soon forgot 
ByMaU20ctS. 11 


Just the thing for practice in connec- 
tion with " 300 Pen Copies." 


10 LBS. TO REAM OF 1000 SHEETS 8 X 10!^. 

Unruled, Ruled and Wide Ruled. 

Put up In halt-ream <600 sheets) packages. 

For Peuinaustilp Practice, L,etter* 

Heads, Etc. 

In 25 Ream Lots, Per Ream, $1.20 

A Single Ream, - - - i-4o 
One-Half " 75 

Goods sent by freight or express at purcluis 
er's expense. Ordei-s for 5 reams or mon- 
Hhould be placed far enough ah«ad to allow 
the pa per to be shipped by freig'ht-the cheap- 
est way. 

Price is too low ^^ ^.^^,., «.., «... — — 

making and bookkeeping. Address 


202 Broadway, New York. 

USE Our Ledger&Llnen Papers. 

Siimple Book Free. Crane Bros., Westfield, MaM- 

Tlio Sloliool Hoooir^ 

Is a wide-awake Monthly Journal for leacher ana 

upll. Thlrty-sli big pages. High-class, practical and 

pful. Every department up-to-date. Sample copy 


free to prospectlvi 
Big commission " 

Fifty ( 


ddressThe School Record. Albion. AI 

The Colorado 
Teachers' Agency. 

We recommend t 

__, . . It teachers to School BoartN 

We assist teachere to desirable positiona. . • ■ 
Inquire into our method, satisfy yourself <' 
our reliability, and then Join us. - ■ 

3.3 FRED. DICK Manajer, Denver. Colo. 


■egtst^r of I 

1100 jj 

pilB, of who 

it«d Juoe-SO. 1897. after " ■ - 

teo other branches of ac . , . _ , 

tlon In phonography wig 165, or thirty-three days of fl' 

able to write at an average rate of 100 words per m 

writer. "—Prof. H. O. Bernhardt, Boys' High School. Brookiy 

■•Since the Int-" -^ 

and filled po^ltloi 

«■ High 

:ued br the pupils. Tbe total number of hours devoced to class la 

each. At the end of this tin 


r pupils were 
9 on the type- 

nSnortnand. \ 

oubUc schools of these c 
horld."-PROF. P. B. GIF 

< years ago. ] 

e students faa 

r 'Shorthand classes have be< 

r Court Reporting, the Pernln dborthand has ti 

. Brooklyn. N. Y. 

tnarked degree. 

speed, and even when v 

al DIst., Morris. MIn 


successfully learned It 
years tne f icman system was taught In the 
the largest tn America, and perhaps in the 

equal. It employs neither shading nor position to de- 
I. a very niKU rate of apeea. I flod that It retains Its legibility to a 
■ud the Pernln to all."— a. F. Wyvell. Official Court Reporter, 16ih 

( Mr. Wyveil held the position before he was 19 years old. earning $2,000 a year.) 

The PERIvaN employs neither SHADING nor POSITION, and is learned for office 
work in 6 to 12 weeks. Taught by 800 leading schools. 

Money refunded If not Bitlsfactory. Book sent to edu- 
' :ulars. Write. 

H. M. PERNIN, Author, Detroit, Mich. 



Bnsiness men supplied with competent Stenographers. Schools famished with 
thoronghly qualified Teachers. Pupils admitted any time. No vacation. 

Terms moderate. Send for catalogue. 
«,v B*. HI. OSIXXTj, Frinoipsa. 

The most simple and legfible system in use. No positions. Vowels 
written as they occur in the word without lifting: the pen. No prefixes or 
suffixes to hinder in writing. 

We have something of special interest to offer teachers of shorthand 
and solicit their correspondence. 

Instruction by mail a specialty. Text book $1.60. Address 

McKEE PUB. CO., 6J7 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y. 


-is mior© than a. Fad I 




Pit AC. 


tho or 



t«xt hook 


ve bo- 


r's balance las 




tion to mo 


Jick ! 






50 to $1.00- 




No e 















equaled by few, and is growinfi: in popularity 
everyday, it is UQiversally conceded, even by 
the authors of other systems, ihat Mr. Mun- 
son's latest work, the Art of Phonography, 
is the most perfect and cotnplet* short-hand 
text-booK ever yet produced. There are 
more Munsnn writers in ofiicia) positions as 
« ourt reporter-!, etc., than of any other system. 
This fact ought to be a sufficient guarantee of 
its superiority. We teach other systems, such 
as Pitman, Graham and IJarnes, but we consider 
>he Munsou by far tbe best and most legible. 
»->ur pupils can read each others' notes and can 
transcribe their own notes after they are cold." 
—Peffiind Bufincsa College, Meriden, Conn. 


Price, »i.OO. posl-pnid. 

Llht'ial (llscouDt to sclitiols. Write for circulars 

Munson Phonographic Publishing Co., 




sailing everv week-day from New York 
for these resorts offer the additional at- 
traction of a short and invigorating sea 
trip, under the most favorable conditions 
of cuisine and accommodations. 
For full information, apply to 

Old Dominion Steamship Co., 

Pier a6, North River, New Yorb. 
W. L. QUILLAUDBU. Vice -Pros, wid Traffic Msr. 


N 16 LESSONS By Mall. 
r one should know how. 

J for Free Particulars to 

W.G. CHAFFEE, OsweKo, N. Y. 


A Brooklyn t-lrl speiit twelve weeks in R. I.. learuinR 
tUb Tweutletli Century Shorthand, and now gets 
815.00 per week In a N. Y. City i.lfe Insurance office. 
Circulars and samples of this shorthand free Com- 
plete book, self instructor, 81.50. To teachi 

examination, 91.00. 

East Greenwich, R. I. i. 



Quickly learned : no strain of eyes, hand or body. 
Work uniform, accurate, easy and rellttble. Send foi 
Circular. Machines rented on trial. 


Price Reduced to 8'.iA. S-tf St. L.ouiH, Mo. 



" Admirably adapted 

the thln«f 



truck the right key."- 
eof. New Orleans. 
Sample copy sent for thre 

917 Chestnut St.. Phllade'lphli 


iOTB Ykar of Pdblicatios. CmcDi-ATEaiN Eve 

D Tebkitor 



The American College and Public 
School Directory 

,7oTifa(»i8 Claasifled Lista and Addresses for the entire 
U.S. of all 
1. Colleges, Female Seminaries and Academies. S. 
Normal Schools. 3. Business Colleges. 4. Schools of 
Science. 5. Schools of Theology. 6. Schools of Law. 
7. Schoolfl of Medicine— Regular, Eclectic and Homce- 

opathic. 8. Schools of Demlstry. 

"" uperlntendent!. _. -. 

leading— 12. City Superlutendents. 

macy. 10. State Superintendents. 11. County Super- 

Gathered from 

13. PrlnclpalL. __. __. 

Official Sources and revised to date of [•. 

Price. 83.00 Net. 

C. H. EVANS & CO., 



In reference to the statement published in the Report of Commissioner of 
Education for 1SS7-S8, page 937, and which reads : "The Benn Pitman System is 


THE American System:" Dr. Harris wrote in a letter to Pernins Monthly Stenog- 
rapher, under date of April 2.5th, 1893, as follows : 

"The clerk who had in hand the special article lor the Report of 
■ 888, In which the statement occurs regarding the American Sys- 
tem ol Phonography, was a clerk not familiar with shorthand. 


6t Years of Steady Development and Progress, 

al iDventor of 

-aos. w. ' 


>rlil coiieele the debt of gratltuc 
I of Hhorehaiid, and the one w 
RBis, U. S. Commissioner of Edut 

ilch forms the basis for a hundred < 

s I had used t 


"My study of Phonography began In 1837. with the Benn Pltimin system, w 

n years. Falling then into the too common error that brevity of form alivayn p. 

udled the Graham system thoroughly, and used It for ahout the same lenttth of 

W that too minvte outlines either con'iume.l t:rtra titm 

■ leaibilitu ha'l to !>,• wi r/rt- .■.^ aU... tluif too many contracted words tended 
)tlon,6// hin'h->ih<u Hi.' ,„,mn,-„t.' fucft an eJ^tent that mental dejcte} ' 
ally depiiN. /..,,,,„ ^ ,„<,.-h m ,,-. .li(ilt'ult. I therefore, lu 1876, tried 
'hlch /if(H /ii <i r; .ji i.irjin/ <-<>:rn ti ,u f hat this syntem Contains more of 
* of both :fiie,-(l and legibili'ii lU-m .-ifl,.-,- .>/ jh ,<ihjr si/stemt."—E. BaHKEB flate Prlnetpal 

/ for th, 

Falling then into the too c 
My experience -v^ 


lethod, I 

in writing, I 


that mental dexterity. 
1876. tried the 
system contains moi-e of the 

r & Spei 

ud Bu 

First in IH17, ami with Its Htny Improvements has been Foremost ever sin 


Officially a lopti^l aiU u^eil In the Public Sci'ioolsnf New York aiiil Brooklyii. Specimen pa^es nee. 

I^~ Write for " The New us The Old." or The Isaac Pitman Phonoffraphy V9. Benn Pitman, 
Graham and others. By \V. L. Mason, Official Instructor in Phonoprraphv in the New York Pub- 
lic Day Schools. Also for 16 page catalosrue and specimen of the "Weeklu Phonf.tic Journal.^* and 
'^ Pit man's Shorth'ind Wcehlji.'" (The only shorthand wjce/c^tes published in any system) Address 

ISAAC PITMAN & SONS. Publishers, 

The Phonogpaphie Depot, - - - S3 Union Square, New York, 

Take Lessons at the Metropolitan School of Shorthand, 156 Fifth Ave., N. W. Cor. 20th St. 

i Rates. Circulai-s Free. 


The New York agent of the English tirm of laaac Pitman & Sons asserts that 
" Isaac Pitman's Shorthand " is now the Leading System, and to maintain the claim 
quotes Dr. W. T. Harris, U. S. Commissioner of Education, as follows : 

-E.vtract from" Shorthand Instructii 
1 (Washington, D. C). 1893. 

(Signed) W, T. Ha 

' published by Burt 


Mr. James E. Munson, the well-known author ot phonographic text-books 
wrote Dr. Harris (Dec. 15, 1894) asking him to state : 

: PittnaD. hut I 
sown, notably i 

r presented in the text-books of other autho 

1 this country in the worlis of Benn Pitman, Graham. 

le mainly followed in the United States." 

To which Dr. Harris answered (Dec. 17, 1894) : 

The chapter giving statistics, referred to by Dr. Harris in the first of the two 
foregoing quotations when analyzed, shows that in 1893 the Isaac Pitman system, as 
published by the English firm, was used by but 6.7^ of the teachers of Phonography 
in the United States, while the Benn Pitman system stood at the head, and was 
used by 34.7;;, being almost exactly as many as the next three highest systems com- 
bmed— and tbe Isaac Pitman system was below tbese. 

It therefore appears from the evidence adduced by Isaac Pitman & Sons that 
the published statement of Dr. Harris's predecessor in office is .justified by the facts 
and that "Tbe Benn Pitman System is more generally taught than any 
other in this country and may be called tbe American System." — [Rejyort 
of Commissioner of Education /or 1887-yy. ywrf/t* 927.) 

Send for Catalog; and " Modifications of Phonography — Wise and Other- 
wise." Specimen of Phonographic Magazine Free. Address 


Cincinnati. Ohio. 

40 ymte'~,'^iMmaAd<:i76j>Cl£,LUuiS 

~i» ---■■- f^ 


I Williams & Rogers' Office Routine and Bookkeeping | 

^' is so popular and successful we show herewith a cut of one of the vouchers used in that work. Notice first, the beauty and general appear- & 

vv ance of the check. Next, the strong, practical, yet elegant penmanship, which is uniform throughout the work. Then, the device for %. 

* localizing the voucher, and finally, that the check is payable in college currency. Ij. 

"■"o ^ci^2^me4aa/ (^a^^7/§. 

(Vour place here). 

All good teachers realize the value of correct models. The vouchers used in Office Routine and Bookkeeping are such as will contrib- 
ute to the success of the teacher's work. The text book was written to accompany the vouchers, and both together make a complete, 
harmonious and thoroughly practical course in bookkeeping and office practice. This work is now in its sixth edition. 


Williams & Rogers, Educational Publishers, 

ROCHESTER, 3Sr. "y. OAXTON bldcj., CHIC-A-O-O, ILL. 


meeting was splendidly successful. Effervescent enthusiasm 
sparkled and glowed. Good cheer and bonhomie were felt and seen 
y day in every department. You ought to have been there, if 
you were not. We all need the inspiration, the vitality, and the 
spirit of toleration that come from such associations and influences 
as these ; then, too, the majority of teachers in this excellent body 

Enthusiastically Approved 

of many admirable suggestions for a higher standard of work. You 
should have caught the spirit of all this activity. You should have 
seen the exhibits, especially of the text-books, the teacher's a//tr 

Though there were many pi 
duced greater interest than the 
Company ; and of these books 
siasm of bright teachers and ct 

seworthy books shown, none in- 
xhibit of The Practical Text Book 
Dne seemed to arouse the enthu- 
lervative school proprietors more 

Practical Letter Writing 

with its actompanyitiK "Twenty-five Practical Graded Lessons in 
Letter Writing." We have received many orders in confirmation of 
the sincerity of the good opinions expressed to us in Chicago. 
i; :We will send these books to any teacher or school proprietor for 
55 cents ; or singly, the text-book for 40 cents, and the ■' Lessons '' 
for 15 cents, postage prepaid. These are unique and valuable 
works, declared by competent judges 10 be the best published. 
Send for these books at once. 



TlhelBest Books ForSchoolSo 

Do not adopt new text-books or make changes until you 
have examined these publications : 

Plain EnKlish, 

liBa pages. 6M 

lustrated with eleganily engraved 
copper-plate script. 
Practical Shorthand, 

eminently practical and complete. It 
oontaltia 50 fHll nacei^ of pnL-raved 
stiorttiand, and i 

Remrngton, Caligi 
iremier. r 
graph coml>lned, 
Everybody's Dictionary, 

"■ pocktt !i\7e, for every-da, 

I practical text-brok on the subject 
of language, discarding useless mat- 
ter of wh'ch tbe average " grammar " 
has BO largely consisted. 
New Practical Arithmetic, 

B clear and practical presentation of 
this subject, embracing n)eutal and 

llhmetlc. The 

Compiled from the latest "edit 

tlonal. Price. 

clotb. uol Indexed, ' 

a popular lioob of 1 
lessons of 20 words 
Dlrfatlon exercises, 

Commercial Law, 

?d In gold. 50 cents; 

18 pages— 186 
eact. and 40 
Bound In full 

anged an 
imisiriiied. vaiunble alike ai 
book or a book of reference. 
Letter Wrltlnn, 

just from p^ress"' T^Bcbes"! 
write all kinds of leEters, an 
rules for capitalization, punc: 

Illustrated with beautiful copper- 
plate script. The b"- "-• - "- 
Ilshed on corresponde 

book pub- 

. Contains 

ndsomely bound. 

eludes all of the 

ProgresBlve Bookkeeping. 

giving the theory of bookkeeping b 
single and double entry. with <'/cif 
sets for practice. Full cloth, U 
pnge.'i.Mx 11. 
Mercantile Practical Bookkeeping. 
Contains all that is In ProKtosslv 
Bookkeeping, and 8 other eels. Illu: 
tmtlng Pariner-hlps, Corporal lou; 
and Joint Stock Companies. Cioll 
102 pages. 8 x 11. 

Complete Practical Bookkeeping. 

Clotb, SOb pages. 

The three bookkeeping books 
gantly Illustrated wUh copi 
script and are printed In three *. 

Write Fur Illustrated Catalonue* 

The Practical Text Book Company, 










CopjTighl 189S by Ames ft RolUnton O. 

£Dter«d at S. Y. P, O, as secoud-claas mall 1 



If you wish to learn to write practi= 
cally, draw artistically, or teach scientif- 
ically, attend the 

COLUriBUS, o., 

the leading school of penmanship and draw= 
ing in the world. Circular for the asking. 
Sample copy of the PENMAN AND ARTIST, 
free. Finest stationery for penmen. 

ONLY $2.00 



Journal of Education, Boston , Mass.: ' ' This is 
a treasure. No one can conceive the wealth of in- 
formation , the convenience for reference , the 
elimination of non-essentials whicli make this 
book worih much more than the price to any 
student, teacher, or writer. ' 



cf JAMES C. FERWALD, Editor; 
FRANCIS A. MARCH, LL.D.. Consult- 
ing Editor :::::::;: 

■ It will prove to be the best student s dictionary 
n( tlie tnglish language in existence." — iri//ia»i 
Hnyes Hard, D.D., Editor o/ i he Nnv VorK- 

Of Unapproached Value for the Home, Class-room, Office, or Study 

: with 
iii|M< li._ii>ivt;. accurate, and authorita 
k iliruugliout of specialists, the aim 
nt handbook of dictionary informati 
ivledge. Its vocabulary and appendix feat 

lusive features, besides being the 

academic dictionary in e.xistence. It 
'ing been to produce a modern and 
ng all departments of human 
en approached by any 

other similar work, wliile the type, paper, and binding are all of tlie highest quality. 


nay I 

StudentB' Standard 

Webster's Academic - - 
Worcester's New Acailem: 

Boston Herald : 


' The Students' edilio 
cir desk use. and I. 

d, London 





of the Standard just issucc 
scholars in hifih schools , 


BECAUSE of the 

scope and richness o 


demanded by the arts, scien c 

BECAUSEi t capitalizes 01 

BECAUSE the etymoiogi^* 
direct line, avoiding all gues 
cojinatt- languages. 

rvelons and unexcelled 

thousands of new words 

y the words tliat a 


. the exclu' 

thousands of syn onyms and anton yms. 
BECAUSE the illustrations are copious, tasteful, 
and of a highly definitive character. 
BECAUSE all pronunciations and spellings 

' rvTsion of the Standard Dictitinary 

> leading educators. 

VALUABLE APPENDIX '^^■■' Apnendlx el^braces : Proper Names in Biography, Fictio 
IHLUnOLL HrrLnUIA (ieography, etc.; Foreign Words and Phrases in Encllsh Literal 
Iiictinn. nisputcd Pronunciations; Chemical Klements. Titles and Degrees; Weights and Mea 
torital l>at.t, Arbitr.\ry Signs and Symbols; Common and Metric Systems, etc. 

, His 


thai .T|.|it.i.n:lics it The Students' Standard Dic- 
tiimary 1 s tir^t ami ihe rest nowhere. It should 
lio on tlie tlesk of every high school boy and 
i^irl in llic Knglis.h-speaking world." 


illcRes for Study preparatory to admissio 

President D. H. Cochran, Polytechnic Ii 

stltute, Brooklyn, N . Y. : "I have carefully e 
amined the Students' Standard Dictionary wi 

dictionary for the teacher's desk 

ngs of all words used in the sixty 

ilected by the Com- 

incorporatcd in this dictionai 

Large 8vo. Heavy Cloth. Leather Back, | py^^ ^ WAGNALLS COMPANY 

Price $2.00 ; posuge, 32 cents extra. I 

Dennlson Thumb Index to order, soc. extra. 30 Lafayette Place, New York. 




Trouble with some of these " Practical Bookkeeping " antd 
" Practical Arithmetic " books is that they are not practical. 
May be all right to teach, but when it comes to using what's 
in them in everyday business practice there's something 
lacking. The books don't " fit." 

Powers' text-books were not written by theorists. They 
are thoroughly practical all the way through. Were written 
by specialists — not all by one man. They are used in Mr 
Powers' own school, the Metropolitan Business College, as 
well as in scores of others, so that they are not untested. 
Those that were introduced several years ago have been re- 
vised to conform with the more modern business customs 
and ideas — have been improved wherever room for improve- 
ment existed. So that the present editions are in every way 
up to date. Powers' publications include texts on 

These books do not give the name of publisher, so that to 
all appearances they are issued by the schools using them. 
Send for catalogue and wholesale prices and be sure to men- 
tion name of school with which connected. 

0. M. POWERS, 7 Monroe St., Chicago. 

A New Business Practice. — Have You Seen It? 

Goodyear's Business Practice in Wholesaling and Commission, may be taken I 
after any system of theoretical Bookkeeping, or as an advanced course after any I 
other system of Business Practice. It introduces a large number of Inter-Commnui- 
cation Transactions. 

Every transaction is natural and spontaneous, and in touch with mcidirij 
business usages. The work is intensely interesting to student and teacher. It 13 
full of surprises to the student. He watches the mails and the markets with as 
much interest as the real business man. 

The new Practice is adjustable to every condition in a commercial school. It I 
can be taken by one student or any number of students in business. Intercommnni-I 
cation with other schools may be introduced or omitted. The teacher can organizsl 
and control the business class with little trouble. 

For samples of the New Practice and Catalogue of our entire series 
Commercial Publications, address 

THE QOODVEAR PUBLISHINO CO., 33^ Dearborn Street. Chicago. 


Medium Fine Point. 

No. ^. extra Pine Holnt. 

They are made of specially prepared STEEL, by En entirely NEW 
ORIGINAL. PROCESS, by the aid of the latest AMERICAN Machinery. 

We can confidently assert that there is no make, FOREIGN OR DOMESTiO| 
equahng the same in point of excellence. 

The Eagle Vertical Pens have been pronounced by the best authorltla 
of the Vertical System to be superior to all others, and are partlcularl| 
recommended for use In Vertical Writing. 


Of the numerous styles of other Steel Pens which we mannfactnre. 
recommend the No. E 170 for Primary Grades, and the Nos E 120, E 410, E W| 
E 470, E 480 for advanced or higher grades. 


"Works : 
703 to 735 Sast 13th St. 


0£Sce and Salesroom : 

377-379 BroHilwuy^ 


The commercial text-books now offered by the nudersigned and ready for nse 


pages, covertiig all the polots %t the prevrous •• Maxdal of Bookk 
much addltloual matter In the way or advauct-d practical 
script, and the cudtouis of business brou^jht do 
a complete treat;ge.on bookkeeping, m 


, with the model forms )u appro 
the latest requirements. This book Is. In It 
supplemented by 

PKOISKKSSIVE PKACTIOE TESTS tLat leave notl.lns to be desired In the way of sol, 
practice. The.e t^sts comprise, each, the material Tor a complete set or book., with all the dc 
ncludlng money, notes, drafts, bills, letters, 
i business house, he Is required to 
i possible, lu fact, the plai 
nsd It. 

meats and forms for conduccluj; the business. 
What the student will be rt^tiulred t 

here, and ivlth as mile mere manipulation and cumbersom 
J pronounced by all lutelMsent teachers who hav 

Ideal, a 

3. THE NEW PACKAKD ARITH.tlETIC;, which Is already a standard b( 

schools, and covers all the regulsltes of a teit-book of the llrst order. 


adopted In most of the Shorthand Schools teaching this system. 


Any teacher who desires to examine any of these books 
ase will do well to communicate with 

•itli a view to their 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, - lOl East 23d St., New York. 


Do your Pupils Write Baclthand? 

the i?snirlvill'!f<. ?''' ^-^Sj"'"*^ ™P.'<''^ 'Plaited slightly to the right and 
lesult will be a round hand writing nearly vertical. 

» verv wrl"'" ""J""^ P"P"^ ^^° practice from vertical copies shows 
. a very large percentage writing backhand. 

Teachers can correct this fault by using 



*• 'SVE^'-PI' Pf""'P"l Or.miii.r School No 15. Brooklyn N V 

■• There has been a decided Improvement in the penmanshlnsb,^:™!", h .. .w . 
Bookl." ^ ^'" '"'^P^hiuansnip since we Introduced the Int«rmedlal Copy 

■*■ *'-M?tu^^m™'tot'?be°' ^°""' *'''°'''- H"«l<»-<1, Conn. 

iifwer vertlcafsystems." " "^"^ " "'" "■" ''"*'''ne<ll"l '» destined to supplant both the older slant and the 

Outrageous or Oftsoiete styles of letters, but s -^nctem, t^orelgo. 

Be an American!! 

and fs1aste°r"a! tfuT"" ^'''"'- "■ T "' """^" "' ^^^ ^S"^' '-''« ^^^^ 
^s^-^ch copy Books, large or smalL^imairtdva^^ed" ^r. :; I^ 

Newly Patented Reversible Form 

that overcouies the objections to the regulation copy book ' 

to rewTrd onr iffef """"^ f '^««^«' '^^ — ' "« Aa/f wa>-with cash in hand 
cnlar? Price f;/""^ efforts for the pnblic good ! At least send for our free Cir- 
cnlars, Puce Lists, Calendar or Description and Opinions of onr Up-to-Date 
improvements that have set the pace for all onr competitors for year" 

The Ellsworth Company, 

PUBLISHERS, - 127 Duane Street, New York. 

wholly unprepared for a change of 

■u°K ., 

would Jolu with 1 

- ■ J"'" niLii lilt? lu praise or tnem." 

Specimen Pages of Copy Books Free. Correspondence Solicited. 

H. P. Siith Publishing Co., - II East I6tli St., New York City 



Esterbrook's New Pens 


Vertical Writing. 

If not, yon shonld lose no time in writing 
for samples, and then ordering supplies 
throngh the stationer. 

No, 5.JG, Vertical Writer, fine. 

No. 570, Vertical Writer, medinm. 
Yon will be snre to like them, as they 
are exactly adapted for their purpose. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

Works, CAMDEN, N. J. 


rhe^e form o very useful group among the many hun 

;crijis for all kinds or pluln, orn ■ 

and artistic writing, made by 

dred puti 


We hardly ueed to say tha 

s Pen.s have gained 



91 JOHN ST., "-«■•).?— p{ HENRY HOE," 

NEW YORK. -::: -.::-Sole Agen 


This is the time of year 

■' wi,., .^'J"? >"=""'•<* lifl'UtinK tlw question .,f 
tlw^i ,"';'■'" ">, '-Irte ■■ If you want th„ Ijest, 
theie IS l)ut one choice— the 

Columbia Chainless. 

taneous satisfaction and universal praise which 
fcS^^'J''" "I-'?"' of this wheel is but a repet" 
f K, „/ J";" ■•":'?Pt"'n Biven Columbia bicycles for 
the past twenty-one years. 

1^2 S;"','""^'' Chainless. Standard of the Woi-W 
w„,.liT ".™^"' Chain bicycle. .Standard of the 
World in Its clnss-the Hartford ami the Vodetto 
form a combinotion of qualit.v and price unequnled 
:-unapproached. Every roqnireiient, evefy d 


.,T ^ .>^innieuieiii, every ac- 

... possible accommodation that only 
^<^'.:,7^ -;"1';*'>'. '«'.<' the facilities of the greatest 
iMcycIe factories in the world have at tEeir dis- 
posul, la used unsparingly in presenting to fh,. 
public this matmiftcent assortment of fecvclS, 
suited to the tastes of every rider and fitted to the 
accommodation of every pocket-book. 

The Colombia New Departure Brake. Columbia 
Duroid Finish and well Ijnown Ladies' Columbia 
Loop Frame, alone warrant Columbia choice-ii, 
addition to which the well known t-reat superior- 
ity and strenKth of 5« Nickel Steel Tubing and 
m^J^ESqShfy'^'""'^'"-''™ «'-' T"Wn| add 
j^SendJor '118 book of Columbia Chainless Testi- 


Claiouue sent to any add r.,„„r one ,.cent .tamp. 



"Chousands of Students 

Hrc daily loohing forward to the time when 
tbcy will hold commercial positions of trust. 
Knowledge of Stenography and 'Cypcwrtting 
and the possession of a Machine will, without 
question, increase the studenf 9 earning capacity. 


■Chen, the typewriter that has always been the 
Leader in Improvements ; the beet machine for 
the School Room and the Office, fi f^ ^ fi ^ 

X\)t Smith premier I^ype writer. 

" Xmprovcmcnt the Order of the Hgc." 

Simpte and 
Durable in 


Ko Complex 


for every 

Send for JHew 
^^ F~ Hrt Catalogue. 

Smith prcmCcr Buyers Do f^ot experiment. 

Smith premier Users are Contented and Satisfied. 

Che Smith premier typewriter Company, 

Syracuse, K. T- Ct. 9. H. 
Branch Offices in 41 principal Cities in the United States and england. 


/J, /•ff 7 



If You Want a New Position 

lext »iUool ye 

■ Pii'keil over 
bun nil oIIk'i' : 

II', IJKJHT NOW i» the time to i 
- aeld iiutil S^eptelube^. Dou't wii 


•'<'"<■'■ l"nper (1.006 ahiets). 8 x 10« in.. 10 IbsTVor S1.40. 
ream. CasU with order. 

Alit!< Jfc UOLLINSON CO_ a«2 Breadwar, New York, 

The Crowning Triumph 

of a long and successful career — 




standard Typewriter. 

The Always-Best Typewriter 
made better yet. 


327 Broadway, New York. 

It Doesn't Pay 

to advertise unless you have 
a good thing to sell. 

But It Pays \}& 

because we publish School Books 
that everybody wants. 

THE BUDGET SYSTEM is suitable to all grades of schools, furnish 
ing from a three months' to a two years' course. There liavj 
been many efforts, but the unique and distinctive features of thJ 

Budget System have never been approached, it stands alone 

AMERICAN NATIONAL BANKING , with budgets and blanks 
being adopted very widely in schools desiring a first-class trail 
ing in bank bookkeeping and the use of all the business paped 
that pass through a bank. Complete outfit for $2.00. 

SADLER'S SERIES OF ARITHMETICS are standard, are suit 

all grades of schools, are practical and have never been eiiual^ 
as Commercial Arithmetics. 

THE NEW METHOD SPELLER is not an ordinary speller-i 
word builder, especially well suited to shorthand studei' 
those desiring a good business vocabulary. 

Full information of all these books will be sent on application. State ili*" 
what you want and with what school you are connected. We famish U' >" 
reference books for all onr publicationp. 


Successors to W. H. SADLER, Publisher. 


Y iA:7z-t>f^'^a^ A> 


. J. K,f 



lending "300 Graded Pen Copies in Rapid 
: writing already in type to fill about s 
that The Journal has made the hit of i 


U ^\A/ A M PPfl f The Journal is simply overrun with letters from leading penmen and teaehpr.: throi.ohnnt thp rn,.n»r,r ,-ft,^n,.„H; — <■,„„ r-.,,^-^ d-„ n — ;— :„ d™„;^ °i 

£ OVVrtJTir-CLF I Business Writmg." Besides the hundreds of opinions that ,t has already pi 

g pages of The Journal. There is nothing wishy-washy or uncertain in these opinions, either. Most oft 

C life and is away ahead of any other publication in its line. 

^ A number of our friends in commending this feature predicted that other papers would fall over themselves to copy it. Of course they will 1— and they are quite 

IP to all they can get. Imitation is sincerest flattery— and haven't you noticed that somehow folks have a notion that the fellow who thinks out a plan can present it in a mor 

C way than the fellow who "adopts " the idea and trails along behind picking up what he can of the other's ideas ? In this, as in other respects. The Journal has set the pace for 3 

So years. There is hardly a feature appertaining to a penman's paper that it was not the first to exploit. The trouble with some of our esteemed (deliberate) friends who try to get 3 

g in the same class with The Journal is that by the time they have carefully studied out a Journal », yir f.\t C K\\IK\.T IIP* A T" TUIC; r^II/AMTr 3 

e plan and have arrived at a certain point. The Journal has got somewhere else ALWAYS) AWAY UP AT THE FRONT. ^ 


e helpful 

Comment by the Way. 

ICORES of finely written letters com- 
mendatory of The Journal's "300 
Graded Pen Copies in Rapid Business 
Writing " bave been received, and we 
regret that space wi'I not allow us to 
present them all fac-aimiU. We have 
several of them engraved and pa- 
tiently awaitmg int-ertion. Don't 

forget, friends, that there are thousands of you and 

only one of us. 

1 am not the "nominal " editor of The JorRNAL. I 
am just the Editor— the active and untrammeled director 
of its policy and head of its management, and vitally in- 
terested in its success. I am happy to have in this con- 
nection the assistance of several gentlemen who have 
been connected with the paper for years. It is proper to 
say in this connection (if it interests anybody) that no 
one is interested in The Journal's ownership to the 
extent of one dollar, or is associated with the paper in 
any business or editorial capacity, who has not been so 
for years. But the main thing, dear reader, is to give you 
a good paper— jmt the best paper of its kind that money 
can make and money can buy— and 1 promise you not to 
be at all squeamish in " annexing " whatever new talent 
may be necessary to that end. 1 may add that if any im- 
portance attaches to the opinions of some hundreds of 
America's leading penmen and teachers, now appearing 
in these columns, The Journal is doing pretty well as 
it is, thank'ee. 

Eastern Commercial Teachers* Association 
Spring: Meeting. 

The spring meeting of the Eastern Commercial Teach- 
ers' Association, to be held in the rooms of Childs' 
Business College, Springfield, Mass., April S-9, promises to 
be a good one. Great interest is manifested all over the 
East, and a large attendance is assured. This association 
meets twice each year— in the spring and in the fall. Its 
first meeting was held at Morse's Hartford Bus. College, 
Hartford, Conn., Nov. 37, 1897, when over 50 members 
enrolled. An account of the proceedings of this meeting 
may be found in the December, 18i»7, number of The 
Journal. Below will be found programme and other 
matters of interest for the April meeting. Fuller paiticu- 
lars may be had ty addressing E. E. Childs, Chairman 
Executive Committee, Springfield, Mass. 

Friday, April S, at :l p. m. 

Address of welcome in behalf of the city, by a promi- 
nent citizen. 

E. D. Snow, Rutland, Vt., " Methods of Teaching 

A. S. Heaney, New York, " Euglish in Commercial 


A. R. Kip, Hartford, Conn., " Intercommunication." 

J- E. King, Rochester, N. Y., " Correspondence and 


p. Fullmer, Fitchburg. Mass., " Typewriters : Their 
-Advantages and Disadvantages." 

Saturday, April 9, at 10 a. h. 
W. L. Bunker, Springfield, Mass., " Time Devoted to 
Business Practice " (actual). 

W. H. Sadler, Baltimore, Md., "Best Method to 
Advertise the Business College." 

C M. Miller, New York, " Time Required to Learn 

E,Khibition of typewriting. 

E. C. A. Beck*^r, Worcester, Mass., " Higher Account- 


J. B. Mack, Concord, N. H., "Business Penmanship" 
or "Penmanship that Business Men Demand In Busi- 

Charles T. Piatt. Hartford, Conn., *' Shorthand Nomen- 

W. E. Drake, Jersey City. N. J.. " How Will the In- 
troducing of Bookkeeping and Shorthand in the Public 
High Schools Affect our Business Colleges V " 


It has been thought best to arrange the meeting for a 
day and a half instead of a day as before. Good hotel 
accommodations near the place of meecing may be had 
for from .^1.35 a day up. 

We hope to have a large attendance of all business col 
lege proprietors and teachers who are interested in ad- 
vancing the cause of higher business education. 

E. E. Childs. 
Bates Torbby, 
C.^C. Dexter, 

■Executive Committee 

To Be of Use. 

The Journal has settled the "To be or not to be " 
question. Its motto is " To Be of Use." It wants every 
line— every specimen— to be helpful to teachers, students, 
artists and general readers. While the art side will not 
be neglected, it will , be subordinated to the useful and 
correlated with the practical, thus giving useful and 
practical art, still ^[further emphasizing The Journal's 

To Be of Use. 

About Judging Prize Specimens. 

If our friends who send specimens to us to pass on as 
judge iu prize competitioos would limit the number to 
the five or sis best ones, we would be saved a great deal 
of work and be able to render more prompt decisions. 
An opinion to be worth anything can be conscientiously 
given only after a very careful comparison of the contest- 
ing specimens. Frequently The Journal has received 
a bundle of one hundred or more specimens from one 
school to grade, and the work involved from ha'f a dwy to 
a fulf day of time. With several such contests on hand 
at one time we found it used more time than we could 
spare. We shall always be glad to pass on a few speci- 
mens ithe teacher can readily do the first sifting) and 
hope that teachers will continue in the future as in the 
past to send prize specimens as well as other specimens to 
The Journal. 

Commercial Teachers' Association of New 

The Commercial Teachers' Association, which meets 
in New York on the first Saturday morning of each 
month, is booming in membership. As we go to press 
we learn of names of nearly fifty new members to be pre- 
sented for membership at the meeting on March 5th. 
Any one engaged iu teaching or interested in commercial 
branches is eligible to membership, whether he reside in . 
New York or not. The annual dues is but one dollar, 
and it is hoped to have a large out of town membership. 
In fact there are already more members who reside out- 

side Greater New York than those who reside in the city. 
Applications for membership should be sent to the Secre- 
tary, Chas. M. Miller, Packard's Bus. Coll., 101 E. 23rd 
St., New York. 

Qood Things in the Supplement. 

Teachers and proprietors will find much to interest 
them each month in the Supplement. The news, School 
and Personal, " Open Court" (fur ventilating hobbies), 
'• The Teachers and Methods " column and Public School 
Department will be found there. No teacher, principal, 
supervisor (or student who expects to be any one of 
these) can afford to miss a single issue of the Supplement. 

*' Commercial School Wanted.*' 

The following item appeared in The Journal for 
November : 

A correspondent of The Journal sends word that he 
knows of a fine opening for th« establishment of a business 
Hfhool in a prosperous city ofliO.llOil located in the Central 
West. No competition within 40 miles. We have no partic- 
ular knowledge of the (acts, but should be pleased to give 
what particulars we have to any who may care to investi- 

In less than a month after this item appeared we had 
received over a hundred letters of inquiry relating to it. 
And they are still coming ! Needless to say, the school 
was established and in tuU blast before the December 
Journal came from press. Who says there is any abate- 
ment of interest in the great American idea of Practical 
Education 't 

Sliding Copies. 

For the benefit of those who have recently subscribed 
we will say that the copies in The Journal may be used 
as sliding copies by one or two very simple expedients. 
One way is to leave a margin on each end when the 
copies ard cut from the paper, beading the margin over 
and sliding down the copy ou your practice paper as you 
complete each hue. Another simple way of accomplieh- 
iug this end without removing the copies from the paper 
is to cut a slit immediately under the copy, insert your 
practice paper in this slit and slide it up as each line is 
cftmpleted. The advantage of the slidmg idea is that it 
keeps the original cop;/ directly bffore you and next to 
i/oti as you work. There are no mtervening copies of 
your own, supposedly more or less imperfect. Of course 
this requires a blotter, for neatness is one of the great 
requisites of good writing, but many who have tried the 
plan think that the result is enough better to amply 
compensate for the little extra trouble. We should like 
to hear from those who try this plan. 

Premiums Withdrawn. 

Journal agents will please take notice that we can 
no longer serve the following special premiums : 

Spencerian Compendium, Kombi Camera, Farrian Pen- 
manship and Arithmetic. 

The Journal would like information relating to the 
present whereabouts of W. H. Barrett, late of Nebraska 
City and Weeping Water, Neb. 

Until further notice new subscriptions may begin 
with Dee. number, so as to incluile the fuU course of 
** 301) Graded Pen Copies In Rapid Business Writing." 

Three Hundred Graded Pen Copies In Rapid Business Writing. 

TO THE TEACHEn.-Thmc rnpien. writlen nilli n mronir free Diovemem, are pliolo-ennrnTed in exactly the xniiie sii 
lo do Irom nnj plate. Tliey ure not made to look pretty ; they are meant TO BE OF I'SE. They will fit into and anppleinen 

1H<; yon believe in and leaiL plain rapid bunineaa nriting. The Copies may be cut from the paper and nsed junt an any other copy allpB, printed 
they may be prexerved Indellnllely. 

Kead every word of explannllon relating to this coarse of instraction on pnge 2'il of I>ec. JOIJKNAI,, with which naniber the iastractioii benins. Remember that la this 
eaursc the Copies do the main part of OIH lalkini. If YOU consider it adTienble to ulTe additioaal Instrnction to your students in connection with the Copies, the door is widt- 
•pen. In any event yoa can make the course much more valuable to them by your advice and direction. (See Mr. Belchner's hints on pane 19.) 

Have all subs, heiln with December. 

Lesson No. 15. 



Lesson No. 16. 

Lesson No. 17. 

Lesson No. 18. 



T 77rr^^/7^^^ryr-mr7'7^77^7' 

Lesson No. 19. 

Lesson No. 20. 







EDITOR'S Calendar. 

Pbactical TvPEWRiTi.vfi. By Bates Torrey. Published 
^ by Fowler & Welle Co , 27 East 2l8t St., New Vork. 

Toird editioc. Cloth. .Side stamp. 175 pages. 

Mr. Torrey has embodied id this well-known typewrit- 
iDR inwtructor aad reference booli his all-finger method. 
which leads to operation by touch. It is arranged for self 
instruction and school use. Each of the leading ma- 
chines has a portion of space in the book, so that the user 
of any macblne will find something adapted to her par- 
ticular machine. In addition there is considerable 
space devoted to typewriting for the blind. The me- 
chanical part of thH typewriter is clearly explained, and 
many /ac .sim//f examples of typewriting, from the sim- 
plest exercises to the most elaborate work a typewriter 
is called upon to itccomplish. are given. 

Jewess of the Pen. By F. B. Courtney. Engraved 
and published by the Milwaukee Lithograph & En- 
graving Co., Milwaukee, Wis. Six large plates. Price, 
^0 cents. 

That skillful penman, F. B. Courtney, teacher of pen- 
man.ship, McDonald Bus. Institute, Milwaukee, Wis., has 
placed on the market some of his very fioest script work 
especially selected for penmen, teachers, designers, en- 
>;ravers, sign painters and lovers of art. The work is 
accurate, graceful and dashy, and so well reproduced as 
to carry with it the grace and delicacy of the pen touch. 
Lovers of ornamental writing will find these signatures 
helpful and inspiring. Every pen connoisseur should 

Educational Talks. The Improvement of the Serv- 
ice. By J. E. King, President Business Teachers' 
Association, lSif7. An address delivered before the 
Federation of Educational Associations, Chicago, Dec. 
JiS, IH97. 
Business Education for Women. By Clara A. Pope, 
Manager of the Chicago Branch House of Williams & 
Rogers. A paper read before the Business Teachers' 
Association, Chicago, Dec *^9, 1897. Pub. by Williams 
& Rogers, Rochester, N. V., and Chicago. Mailed free. 
In one little, dainty, paper-bound volume of 24 pages. 
wide margin, rough edge paper, Messrs. Williams & 
Rogers, Rochester, N. Y., and Chicago, are sending out, 
free, the two very interesting papers lead at the late 
Federation meeting at Chicago by Mr. King and Miss 
Pope. Mr. King thinks a great deal and doesn't write 
very much. \Vhen he does write he says something 
worth reading, His paper is worth a careful perusal by 
nil interested in commercial school work. Miss Pope 
luade a distinct hit at the meeting with her pithy paper 
ou " Business Education for Women." It is short and 
full of ideas. There is nothing of an advertising nature 
iu the papers, and Messrs. Williams & Rogers deserve a 
vote of thanks for sending them out in such a tasty shape. 
This little pamphlet deserves a wide circulation and we 
tru.^t it will have it. 

Lessons in Munson Phonography. By J. E. Christie. 
au7 pages. Cloth. Price, $1.50. O. M. Powers, pub- 
lisher, Chicago. 

The author of this book has had years of succes'^ful 
<>xperience as a teacher of.Munaon Shorthand. The 
ta^k he seems to have set hicnselt is to straighten things 
out a bit. and make the way of the learner as easy as 
possible by orderly and logical arrangement. A large 
part of the book is io shorthand text— a full page read- 
ing exercine appearing iu connection with each lesson. 
One feature is the early introduction of " word signs" 
in small groups, the theory being that in this way the 
Ipiarner will acquire them with less mental effort. 
There is also a special chapter on court reporting. 
Modern Methods in Bookkekpinq. By Edmund C. 
Atkinson, Sacramento, Cal. Hit) pages Cloth. 
The author tells iu his preface that he has produced 
thi^work principally for his own use in teaching, and 
for the reason that he has found hicherto publisihed 
treaiiaeson bookkeeping to be unsatisfactory. Believ- 
iug that an inch of practice is worth a yard of theory, 
he has arranged in this treatise a large amount of work 
to be done by the learner, who is expected to learn by 
doing. The book is the outgrowth of schoolroom exer- 
cises. Itcoutaiqsa hostof problems and examples wich 
few cuts, and has an appendix devoted to correspond- 
ence and laws of business. From such an examination 
as we have been ab!e to make, we believe that the book 
contains much valuable material. 

Compendium ok Vertical Penmansh 

Backus, Nor. Univ., Lincoln, Nebr. 

This is the latest offering in the line of literature 
pertaining to vertical writing. It has 1.V2 pages eight 
inches long by about throa deep, The great majority 
of these pages contain two or more lines of copies. 
There are position cuts and full directions as to praC' 

By Albert 

members of deliberative assemblies, and arranged as a 
text book for use in schools and colleges. Special atten- 
t'on has been given to ready reference, because it has 
been found that books on parliamentary law have not 
been arranged in a manner to make the hnding of a par 
ticular point an easy thing. The second part of the book 
is devoted to illustrating how the sub,iect may be taught 
in classes. The author has had wide experience in this 
Jineandhis plan is a very practical one. A great many 
schools are devotmg considerable time to debating and 
literary societies, etc.. and this necessitates teaching to 
some extent parliamentary law. This hctle book would 
be just the thing to put in the hands of every student 
who is a member of such a society. 

Pitman's Typewriter Manual —Second Edition, re- 
vised and enlarged. A practical guide to commercial, 
literary, legal, dramatic and all clas-ses of typewriting 
work. 152 pages, %X x 10>^. Illustrated with various 
plates printed iu colors. Cloth. Published by Isaac 
Pitman & Sons, 33 Union Square, New York. Price 

The rt^vision of this work has made it practically a new 
book There is nearly twice a-i much in the second edi- 
tion as in the first. A number ot fac simile plates printed 
in colors have been added The method is the all-finger 
method, and a complete manual of instruction for all 
typewriters havina; the universal keyboard. It is a com- 
plete yet condensed typewriter instructor . 
The Self Pro\tn(.; Accounting Ststem. With special 
application to installment business. A manual for busi- 
ness men, accountants and auditors. By A. O. Kitt- 
redge, F.I. A., consulting accountant and editor of 
Accountics, and J. F. Brown, merchant. Published by 
the Self Proving Account Book Co., New York and 
Toronto. 32? pages, large octavo. Cloth. Price $5,00. 
A system of accounting which is declared to be self 
proving, in that it affords a means of verification of each 
and every part of the system considered alone, as well 
also as of all the pans taken collectively. These proofs, 
the authors assert, are adaptable to every line of busi- 
ness. The work treats first of accounting and second of 
bookkeeping, and the originality in this work is in the 
new application of old principles. The illustrations which 
the autiiors have used tor making the application of their 
methods and theories aie for the most part derived from 
the installment business, and the special branch of the 
installment busiuess referred to is that of furniture and 
household goods. A large number of /ac-simj7c illustra- 
tions and insets are given, and this renders the book of 
great practical value to accountants, teachers and stu- 
dents. It goes further than the explanation of general 
accounting features. It takes up the various details of 
office work and shows the use of several important 
modern otfice methods, such as order forms with carbon 
sheets, sale book record, shipper's directions, pay cards 
with directions for filing and keeping them properly as- 
sorted for use. In binding, printing and paper the book 
is a model. All and all, it is a notable addition to higher 

Brief Reporting Notes in Shorthand For Shorthand 
DiCTATtON. Exercises engraved in advanced reporting 
style of Isaac Pitman phonography. Published by Isaac 
Pitman & Sons, 33 Union Square, N. Y. Paper. 4S 
pages. Price 2^* cents. 

In addition to the engraved shorthand notes there is a 
key in the ordinary type, counted and timei for dictation 
purposes. The work covers addresses iu politics, science, 
commerce, literature and law. It should be of particular 
value to Isaac Pitman teachers. 

Self Cultivation in English.— By George Herbert 
Palmer, LL.D., Alford Professor of Philosophy in Har- 
vard University. Published by T. Y. Crowell & Co., 
New York and Boston. ]2ino., 33 pages. Cloth. 35 

The study of English to Professor Palmer has four aims 
—the mastering of our language as a science, as a history, 
as a joy and as a tool. In his essay he treats of it as a 
tool and intends his words to serve as an introduction for 
the many books on rhetoric already existing. His style 
is firm and clear and the illustrations are admirable. As 
a wholb it is an inspiring little manual and ought to be iu 
the hands of every student and writer. 

The EDITOR'S Scrap Book. 

tice. The author has also appended exercises for dicta- 
tion, which include popular quotations and business 
forms. What he has aimed to do is to produce a *' com- 
plete course" in business penmanship (vertically) for 
use in public schools and colleges. Mr. Backus is a very 
outbusiastic penman, and has the reputation of being a 
very successful teacher. We understand that he is also 
pft^pa-'ing to bring out a work on slant writing — some- 
thing on the same liaes as the Vertical Compendium. 

A Manual of Parliamentary Law. By J. A. Lyons. 

Published by O. M. Powers, 7 Monroe street, Chicago. 

113 pages. 4'< X (i. Cloth bound. Price .50 cents. 

In these days of conventions, teachers' meetings and 
ftssociation gatherings, etc., every person is supposed to 
take a part iu the proceedings, and this cannot be done 
intelligently without a knowledge of parliamentary law. 
This little book is designed as a guide for officers and 

r effective. Some grace- 

_ _ . .._ elds, etc., all well handled. 

pive evidence of careful study and much technical skill, 
the package are al30 several well executed pen drawings. 
Mr. Dick is an enthusiastic and hard working penman. 

— J. M. Reaaer, penman Dover, N. J., B. C, sends some 
samples of his automatic pen work that he states were^ac- 
qnired from practice of lessons and specimens giv 

— E. F. Quintal, penman Brown's B. C, Bloomington. III., 
favors us with a sheet of ornamental capitals ttiat shows that 
he has lost none of his skill. The work la dashy, graceful 
and the lines particularly delicate. 

— C. R. Runnells, 963t) South Seeley avenue. Chicago, the 
well-known card writer, sends well executed cards. 

-H. G. Yocum. Bixler's B. C . Wooster. O , sends The 
Journal a letter written in a model business hand. 

— L H Jackson. Sandusky City. O. B. C, sends some 
dashv ornamental signature writing. He says : " I am soon 
to begin Kelchner's lessons in my class work, feeling sure it 
will be beneficial to both students and teacher." 

— From G. M. Glick, Saranac, Mich., comes some splendid 
business writing. It is free, graceful and rapid Some 
splendidly written cards have also been received from Mr. 

— E L. McCaiu. Normal College, Canfleld. O.. as his con- 
tribution forwards a variety of business writing copy slips. 
They are excellent. 

— A. A. Scott, St. Clair. Mich., sends several well executed 

— E. C. Monroe, Penaacola. Fla., writes a letter in a fine 
bu8ine.s3 hand and says : "This shows how a good business 
hand may be acquired at home." 

— Dashily written cards come from L P. Clem, Lima, O., 

of hia work m this lir 

— T. S Overby, a student of the Northern III. Coll. of Pen 
Art and DrawioR. Dixon. 111., in a letter written in a dashy 
ornamental atylo incloses stimplea of bis artistic and busi- 
ness writing, including a variety of cards. The work is all 
of high order and shows that Mr. Kelchner's good influence 

without doubt prove another winning feature for Thr Jour- 
nal, and one whii:h will not only benefit young pen artists, 
but the older heads as well. Dennis is a genius and every 
stroke of his pen shows marked personality." 

I automatic pen work. 

r handsome sweet pea and daffodil designs 

1 Shad it 

automatic work have been received from the Un 
Pen and Pen Art Co., Cleveland, O. 

— S. B. Fahnestock, McPherson, Kan., sends a rapid free 
hand pen drawing which shows skill. 

— H. E. Brock, 6i31 Wabash avenue, Chicago, sends several 
creditable pen drawings from nature ^nd life. M^ 

jived. Mr. Steele aln 

i taste in his work. 

— D. H. Whitten. Christiana, Del., sends us some samples 
of escellent business and ornamental writing. Mr. Whitten 
has a good style. 

Students' Specimens, 

— T. D. Smith, penman. Emporia, Kan , B. C, sends a pack- 
age of specimeng ot business writing from his students. 
Among the beat we pictr out Arthur Maddock. Reed Frye. 
L. E. Best, Walter McUov. W. J. Lewis. C. H Williams, I G. 
Lewis A R. Crooch, Tom Price, C. C Treadway. H, T. Chat- 
terton. Norraan Rooke. Hortou McNeal, Myrtle Wicker. 

■ About one hundred of our students a 
taking The Penman's Art JouRNAi--and we are well pleased 
with it It has been highly recommended to us and we feel 
that it is going to bj worth many times its cost in our home 
work." The tine specimens are so numerous that it is im- 
possible to name a few without doing the others injustice. 

— C. A. Maupin, principal of commercial department 
Brunswick. Mo , Public Schools, sends specimens of writinir 
of pupils in the public schools, age from seven to thirteen 
years. Among the beat are Francis Schmulliog, Lizzie 
Coffey. Vernon Sucker, C. Albert Heiman, Coriune Hening. 
Chas. Straub, John Galvin, Edna Freeman. Marianne Strub. 
John 'Schmuiiing, Lucille Herring, Fanny Gilliland, Edith 
Severance, Frieda Kuhn. 

— C H Jenkins. Shaw's B.C.Portland, Me., sends prac- 
tice work of many of hia students on movement exercises 
on thg "311(1 copies" The work all gives evidence ot good 
training. The beat work is by C. M. Kelley, W. J. Rand. 

Mabelle A Drisko, Mr Staoloy, Harry B Cain. Herbert Ray 
mond, Guv A. Ciildwell. Mr. Decker, Geo. L Varney, Ger- 
trude V. Mann, E S. Walker. 

— Miss Jessie G. Prescott, grade teacher in Public Schools, 
Woburn, Mass , sends a package of pupils' work, accom- 
panying the following letter t "Inclosed find a few speci- 
mens of my pupils' work taught by the Thornburgh method. 
There is nothing that equals his method of teachm^ business 
writ-ng. These results might be obtained iu all of our pub- 
lic schools The Journal brouorht the guod news tome.' 
The writing of these pupils of Miss Presijott's resembles to 
a marked degree the writing of pupils under Mr. Thorn- 
burgh's persona! instruction, and it shows how thoroughly 
Miss Prescott has mastered Mr. Thoinburgh's methods. The 
worK s^inc is taken from daily work and was not made f'.r 
show alone. It is all splendid business writing. Some i>r 
Miss Prescott's own excellent business writing accomname- 
the package, and shows that she not only understands h'.'W 
to teach, but also how to write, which no doubt accounts m 
a large measure for her suc-ess. If the public school teacli 
ers would take up penmanship as Miss Prescott does tht-r' 
would be millions of good writers in our public schools in ' 

sneed contest and are small, neat and every figure distlmi 
The best work sent was by Harriet Berry, Jennie Huber, h. 
Evans. Mr. Donnelly. May Keller, H. K. Burdick. 

— CM Lesher. teacher of penmanship and principal "f 
commercial department. High School, Carbnndale, rft 
sends work of quite a number of his pupils. A particulai;!'. 
well executed movement design is by John G Evans, e.-^ 
cellent business writing by John G Evans, Anna Brown, 
Edith Courtright, A- Ditchburn. Grace Simrell, M. McLoun. 
Lucy Byrne Fanny Enapp, Willard Evans, Clarence Wrig". 
Lucy Kelly, May Gaugban, John Fineran. Teresa SwigerJ. 
Mary Quion. Millie Gibbs, Annie Fairel, H^l»n Abbott. 
Genevieve Birs, Mary Boylan. Grace Simeiel, Albe_rt. Ent 
brook, K. Nealso 

Brock has the 
he is much in 
pointers and m 


and gets many 

mma Kalll, .7. W. Riley, R. M. Williauis- 
- Mifls Sarah Martin, teacher in High School. Trenton. N- 
J., sends pen and ink portrait of U. S. Attorney-Gen. GriKt.s. 
executed bv one of her pupils, whose name was not lu* 
tioned m the letter. As the drawing has been returned. «« 
are unable to give the voung man's name. TheworKB"'" 
evidence of considerable skill and feeling. 

Auxiliary Exercises in Connection with "300 Graded Pen Copies." 


The following exercises an^ in harmony with, and apply to, the same stage of instruction as the main copies on 
pages 4b and 4r. They may al>o be used independently, with excellent results. Lest the student should undel take t'l 

too much, we advise him t-. consult his teacher before using these copies in connection with the main ones 
n„ .1 o t'^T'"?-'"?, 'S? JT"*'' butmns of nine well-known penmen, to wit : Division ;.'-F. W. Martin, Salem.' Mass 
Com 1 School ; V-C. X. Crandle, Athenteum, Chicago; IP-R s. Collins, Peirce School, PhUadelphia ; l— I W 
Pieraon, B and S. B. C. fhicago ; A-H. P. Bebrensmeyer, Gem City B C , Quincy, Dl. ; Z—-?. B. Moore, Rider B 
S,- ^''?.'°}''^ ?V f • -^'r,^ *•■ '''"■'«■■' Normal Coll., Cherokee. Texas ; B«-C. H. Allard. Gem City B. V , Qutmv 
HI. : C-'-W. K. Cook. Hanford, Conn., B. C. The two last named copi-s are on page 81. . M! . ■ 

-<f .--zS^-^-JTZ-'i'-T-Z^--'?*^ 


ement and curvinp the dow 

„ make the down stiohea 

id pause at Irottom of dnwn strokes bef oro you raise 
pen from the paper. This will help you to keep down 

Hr. Kelchner's Hints and Sug^gestions. 


SEE PAGRS 46. 47.) 

Lesson t^,-('optes 90, Ot. »S, t>3 ninl 04. 

The principal movemeDt to be used in making loop letters 
IS an up and down movement If vou And you can make 
thein better by using an extension and contrat-tion of the 
flneers iu connection with this free up and down movement, 
do 80. I And I can make them better, faster and easier. 
Don't use euouiih finger movement so that it will tire you. 

Take - " — 


at this copy u 
pal faults in □ 
too much, too 
strokes, too much rot 

In copy No. !») I want 

S ' ■ ■ 

strokes straight. Mafee the loops quite Ions at first, 

Don't change the copy until you have written at least a 
full page. 

Coi)ics Ul and 'j:i. 

Notice heiRbt, slant aad spacing. Keep same number in a 
group and same number of groups on a line ae copy. See 
how near straight you can make down strokes and how nar- 
row a turn you can yet at ba?e line. 

Copies 'Jr.' and 91,. 

Notice the length of loops compared with small letteiw. 
Wide spacing between letters. Keep loops the same slant as 
other letters. 

Use a good free up and down movement. 

\hesson W Copies 9S>, Ofi, 97, 9H, 99 tunl WO. 

In copies U') and !)7 u^e a good free up and down movement. 
Use finger movement only when it will help you to make 
better loops and help you to niako them faster See to it that 
you keep the down strokes straight and form an angle at the 
bottom. Notice how last part of h and k are made. 

In thelword copies watch spacing quite closely ; try to get 
equal spacing. 

Copy No. nOt 

Make the four letters without raising the pen. See how 
near you can keep the loops the same in height and slant. 

Practice. Practice, Practice. 

Lesson IT.-Copies 101, Wi, lo:t, t04, lOii nntl 100, 

line. I find quite a number make very good loops below the 
line with the muscular movement. 

Avoid curving down strokes too much and making them 
too long below the base line, a common fault at first. 

Try to get the crossings to come right ou the base line and 
make as wide spacing between letters as copy. 

Write a page of each copy before you change. 

Write the words without raising the pen. 

Use a good strong gliding motion in making small letters 
and up and down movement on loops. 

3 made and also how the loop i 

Copy Norm. 

Keep long down strokes straight. Have crossings for the 

loops below the line to come right ou the line. Pause there, 

but do not raise the pen. Avoid slanting this letter too 

Write with a good movement and a fair rate of speed. 
Lesson /9.~(opfes Jt4, lir,, 110, 117, US and 119. 

Cop!/ No. Ilh. 
Indirect oval. Make ovals large at first, then gradually re- 
duce like copy. The small oval at top should not be made as 
fast as large oval. Stay with this copy antil you can make 
it quite well before you take up the next copy. Use a good 
free rotarv movement. No finger j 
and capital letter e 

„, vement. All capitals 

. ^ ^, ^ .., nade entirely with the arm 

vement. See to it that the gliding fingers glide and jio 
through the same movement as the pen. 
Copy No. I!.'''. 
Don't make small oval ton large in starting. Keep down 
strokes straight. Pause at bottom so as to form an angle 
and retrace down strokes at least half their height. Make 
round turns at top, but not too wide. Have exercise dimin- 
ish in height like copy. Write two pages of this exercise be- 
fore you change. Up and down is the principal movement. 

Copy No. IIG. 

This copy is the same as first part of copy 115. Pause at 

base line before you raise the pen. Keep down strokes 

straight. See to it that you make it with a good movement. 

Try to get them all the same in height and slant. 

Cop]/ Ntj. JI7. 

Write one page, raising the pen just as you cross the base 

Make second turn at top a little shorter than first. 

Jine. Mase seeona turn at cop a iiinw isu'M tei i.iimi iiiou. 

Write a page, making a turn at base line and ending with 
a right curve. 
Keep the same number on a lino. 

Copy No. 118. 
Notice the wide spacing between letters. 

Copy No. !i:>. 

Make as wide spacing between letters as copy, so that it 

will fill one line. Don't raise the pen in writing any of the 


Lesson •iO.-CopUs 120, l-il. fii. t'^'t. t'-i4 ami VJ/i. 

Copy No. IJO. 

This exercise is given to limber up the writing muscles 

and get them in good condition for next copy. Use a good 

movement. Devote lots of time to these exercises. 

Copy No. Ul. 

Write a page of each style. See to it that the down strokes 

correspond in slant. „ ^ 

Copy No. m. 

Write only four words on a line. Tho capital should corre- 
spond in slant with small letters. 

Copy No. U.i. 

Write name twice on a line. Use a good movement. Uni- 
formsslaut and spacing. 


,^^■^<t^^^[c^y^■^:^-/,^ ---^^ 


pages, subscription price SO ceuts 

Ews Edition, 24 pages, subscription 

ept that tbere are four added pages 
News Editlou. All advertisements 

;,----'- — . instruction features, except that the 

J^^H.V?...P&^''..*"*l5.^^''y'''*'"B pertaining to Vertical Writing 

getting the reduced rates. When six or more papers 
are ordered they can be rolled, thus avoiding creases. 
Twenty-tive or more may be sent flat, which is better 
still. It must be distinctly understood that we reserve 
the option to decline all orders for single copies when 
the edition gets low. 

Atlrertifintj Hates. 

Thirty cents per nonpareil line, f3.50 per inch, each in- 
sertion. Discounts for term and space. Special esti- 
mates furnished on application. No advertisement 
taken for less than t'i. 

Notice in bereby siveu ihnt Tbc Joitrual'M ndverilEiiinR 
rnies will sonii bo revised In aicordnncc niib ItH icrcal 
itrowtb ill circulation elnce tbe preHenl Mcbednle went 

ppearln both t-dltlous. aUu all 
'ubile School Dept. and eve 
re In the News Editlou only 

^, each. 

News Edition.— 2 subs. $1.80, 8 subs. *1.65. 4 

This paragraph marked means that «oi 
ana i/on tvtll qet no more Journals until y 
f'roffSittonaJ or Perm 
The .rouKNAi/s Professional List Includes only those who 8 

tubacription has expired 
subscribe again. 


^.illtlon I 

i year (no club subs.). To t 

another year 

I little Italic paragraph below. 

rifing a letter i 

r Pernianei 

' the best kn 


lis shows that there are not lacking ii 

ppreclate the Im- 
tve paper thatdoes 

. „j. . -i -r J Intelligent people 

ItbuUdlna- of ihe profession and gives "The Best 

t less than 91 are entered on to this 

paper Is sent until ordered discontinued. Notice t 
Is due Is given by marking tbe little Italic paraj 
subs, are payable strictly In advance, and prompt r 
quested, as the aendluj,- nt a bill or writing a 1 
expense of from five to ten per cent, of the small i 
•■" "- ■- -^f peculiar gratlHcatlon to Ti 

"" " " - • • - ■ ( contained for years the 
- own coiiinierclal school 
id clubs of their pupils 

_ „.. „ .^.-esentt 

<iodle element, but appeals 

'bulldlna-c"-" " ■ 

rdless of c 

<:'- /-•'■'u'"r" —irked vteat _ __ _ 
lr>.,,ssnH,al ,., I . rmanent List iNews Edition) . 


Please notice the address on 
it is juxt right. If not, drop 
proper cx>rrection. 

This applies especially to new subscribers. We are 
very careful, but don't pretend to be infallible. 
Uont bother the agent. He can't help you without 
WTltmg ns, and it will save time and trouble for you to 
wnte us direct. 

Oup wulmcriptlon ViMn nre now entered by Stntee. 
It will be necet^Hnry, iherelore. wben nHklnir to bave 
Bhall he 

That Great Qroup of Penmen. 

Our handsome reprint on fine enameled paper of the 
group of 210 well-known penmen and teacher?, which 
served as frontispiece for January Journal, has been 

going like hot cakes. The names of the teachers appear 
elow, numbered for easy identification. Of course on 
this kind of paper the portraits come up much more dis- 
tinctly than is' possible on the regular Journal paper. 
This sheet of U x 14 inches makes an elegant little sou- 
venir for framing or for scrap-book purposes. Some of 
our friends write that they are cutting out each indi- 
vidual portrait and trying to get specimens of penman- 
ship from the teacher. Some of these specimens are 
fresh from the pen, others are engravings cut from The 
Journal. A year's subscription for The Journal fur- 
nishes a large amount of rich material for this purpose. 
It is a very nice idea to have the portraits and auto- 
graphs in a scrap-book in connection with other work. 


To anyone interested in penmanship nothing can be 
more interesting or instructive than a scrap-book of this 
character, and such a book may be comparatively inex- 
pensive. As stated, a dozen or two Journals alone 
afford material for a considerable volume of this charac- 
ter. Once get started and the thing seems to grow of its 
own accord. If you cannot afford to buy a regular scrap- 
b^ok for the purpose, get an old blank book — in fact, 
almost any kind of a book will do on a pinch. There 
never will be a better time for malnng a start than right 

The print referred to above will be mailed to any ad- 
dress in a tube upon the receipt of 15 cents in stamps. 
Two copies in the same tube for 2H cents. 

For 25 cents we will send the large portrait group in a 
tube and twelve back numbers of The Journal (our 
own selection). 

Sexd at once if you ivant this fine gy-ovp picture. On 
acco^int of a partial destruction of the plate, it will ni>t 
be possible to print more after the present limited supply 
is exhavsted. 

Sptrint Offer— Time JSj-lendeft fo .l;.il7 ir>. 

To any present subscriber who will send us one new 
subscription for the Regular Editidn ot The Journal 
before April 15, with 50 cents to pay for the same, we 
will send the big portrait group in a tube and twelve 
back numbers of The Journal free. 

To any present subscriber who will send us two new 
subs, before April 15, with $1 to pay for same, we will 
send the big portrait group, also twelve Journals and a 
Journal binder. You can improvise a fine large sciap- 
book with The Journal binder, neing blank wrapping 
paper for the pages. Price of binder when sent separately 
is 30 cents. 

Over a Quarter of a Million Joarnals 

ulaticn duriog the past twelve 
r is 254 r>.5n copies, an average of 
' last sprJDf; bad fallen he- 

represent the paper's 
months. Tbe exact n 
21.213 to the issue. No 

low 20,100 copies. The Journal's circulation is much the 
largest ever reached by any paper of its class in the world. 
Only four or five of the general edncational publications are 
now ahead of it in circulation, and it is paining rapidly. The 
gain during the past twelve months has been nearly 40 per 

n last month's Journal is the 
r accorded by our profession to 
stands absolutely on its own 
3m, and appeals for support on 
the sole ground oE merit— to the extent that it can Be of Use, 
Clubs have been pouring in from every quai ter during the 
past month, and for years March has been our banner sub- 
scription month. The clubbing rate of 2.j cents places the 
paper within reach of all. There is not a business school 

Sroprietor or teacher in the country who can't send The 
ournal a club, provided he will put a little heart in the 
matter. Some have better opportunities than others, but all 
can do something, and, big or little, all such efforts are 
greatly appreciated. Now is the best time to get up clubs 
while schools are at flood tide. 

Note the opinionp of hundreds of eminent penmen and teach- 
ers which have appeared in the past few issues of The Jour- 
nal. Hundredaof others are yet to come. If any faith is to be 
put in expert testimony, can there be a shadow of a doubt as 
to which paper you can most safely recommend to your 
students ? 

The Journal heartily thanks its hundreds of friends, rep- 
resenting every section of the country, for the liberal club- 
bing support they are giving it this season, and wishes to 
assure them that their kind oflflces are deeply appreciated. 
Everybody knows that The Journal co'tts a great deal more 
to make than any similar publication, for the simple reason 
that it is giving very much more than any other. The club- 
bing rate represents a very narrow margin above the cost of 
white paper. It is much lower than it should be to vield a 
proper profit, and in point of fact the only subs, that do give 
a reasonable profit are those entered on our Professional 
List. Nevertheless, having made the rate we are anxious to 
get every sub. possible, having set our hopes on reaching the 

50,000 mark by the end of another * 

thrice thanks to those actit 
are the friends that count. 

II all Tbe Jourunri* frleniK 
point to do their individual 
moutb, we nbould have at leu 
scribers during March. Itlauy 


red it I'o 

nrd is being kept and we will give our 
- every hud. Hent). .Ilany otbernt bnve 
nd stiil other baudreds are in pn^i- 

end it. Will you do YOrit part f 



llltl lie 


Ifit'd our monik ill advance of auy 
cnaniP in addrei... Olher.Ti.e arrRnnemrnli, slionld b» 
made lo liaTc ;oiir JOURNAI, far>Tarded. 

l-rlc- „f TI,.- .roiKiml in Q„tiiilllua. 

A number of fritnds have inquired the price of extra 
JOURNALS for scrap-book purposes. The price of a sin- 
gle number IS r, cenls. Six copies mailed in one package 
will be sent for a.i cents; twelve copies, 40 cents 
twenty-flve copies, T.'i cents ; one hundred copies. *a 5o' 
These figures are for the Regular Edition, which con- 
tains practically all of the specimens. Extra copies of 

Sr Edition cost jnet twice as much. 

Where a number are in the same school it would be 
well to club together and order a quantity, in this way 








School and Personal. 

— Here is a name to conjur 

sioti— Henry W. PiickfnKer. 

Aagust 20, 1»I5. ThouKb a mere lad he enlisted a 

and went to tlie front in tbe civil war. 
Most of bis mature life has been spent 
in Philadelphia, which he adopted as 
his home in lH4t7. Choosing penmanship 
aa a profession, bis work soon attracted 
attimtion, and he became associated 
with Lyman P. Spencer in the early 
seventies in the revision of the Spen- 
cerian Copy-books. Also in the produc- 
tion' of some celebrated large penman- 
ship designs, which were exhibited at 
the Centennial exposition. For a num- 
ber of years Mr. Flickiogei was at che 
bead of the penmanship department of 
Pricketfs College of Commerce, Phila . 
and during the past few years he has 
taught at other Philadelphia schools and 
has given his time to the making of fine 


penminsliip for bioks and in other connections, __ 

author of the Barnes Copy-books, which attracted wide- 
spread attention when they appeared a little over ten years 
ago and are still often referred to as marvels of graueful pen- 
manship. His latest and best work is " 100 Writing Lessons," 
a production entirely worthy of his splendid talents and 
worth possessing by every penmanship connoisseur as a 
specimen book, to say , nothing ot instructive features. Per- 
sonally Mr. FlickinKer fs a man of retiring disposition, but of 
great strength and sweetness of character. His thousands 
uf old pupils, of whom The Journal's editor is one, cherish 
tor him a very sincere ffftection. 

— Recent Journal office visitors are L. M, Thornburgh, 
Paterson, N. J.. High School ; C. B. Hall. Spencerian B. C. 
Yonkers. N. Y ; J. T. Holdsworth, Com'l Dept,, Asbury 
Part, N.J. High School ; J. P. Byrne, Peirce Coll , Philadel- 


F. B. Moore, Rider'g 

Farnham, Ellinwood Scho' 
and H. L Horton, Coleman's National B. C. Newark. N.J. : 
Clarence I. Pitman, New York ; J. Howard Keeler. Boys- 
High School, Brooklyn ; W. E. Dennis, Brooklyn : E. E. 
Ferris, Eagan School of Bus , Hoboken, N. J.; B F. Willson, 
Heffley School of Com., N. Y ; Geo. W. Bird and F. H. Read, 
N. Y. Bus. Inst., N. Y. City ; E. A Newcomer and C. D. Clark- 
son. N. J. Bus. Coll . Newark. N, J^ Robt. C. Spencer, Spen- 
cerian Bus Coll.. Milwaukee. Wis.; Geo. H Shattuck. 
Medina, N. Y.; S. D. Holt and W. C. Bostwick. Philadelphia, 
Pa.; M H. Fox, Y. M. C. A. Evening School, Brooklyn. N. Y. 
— At the Congress of the National Trotting Association, 
Murray Hill Hotel, New York, on Feb. 9lh, E. P. Heald. pro- 
prietor Heald's B. C., San Francisco, Cal . was elected Chair- 
man of the Board of Appeals for the Pacific District. 

and the work is carried 
under the direction of the C/i. 
successful, and has fifteei 
presidents and professors 

— Several busir „™ 

ward," and in the tiambi 

Study Circle, which has em 
There are seven cour 
finance and 
through asynd: 

Record Ho 

over 70 000 students, 

eluding I 

ugh a syndicate ot newspapers 
ago Record It has been very 
or twenty of the leading college 
1 its faculty list. 

headed " Klondike- 
I Robert Bogle, Belleville, Ont. 

— Miss Margaret McCarthy, graduate of the Shorthand 
Department of Bixler's B. C. Wooster, O , has just been ap- 
poinied stenographer for the House of Representatives, 
Columbus, O. 

— The Northampton, Mass., C. C. reports an attendance 50 
per cent, larger than last year, the students as a rnle taking 
the full year course. U. T. Parsons and J. L Hayward are 
the principals and proprietors. 

( of 

took fifteen writing lessons and became 
proficient withtbe-pen that he was soon ac 
counted the best penman of that region. 
Leaving home at the age of IH. he took up the 
watcb-mnker'8 trade and followed it steadily 
for six years. During the whole time, how- 
ever, he kept up his writing, and before he 
s 25 had accepted a place as penman > 

original 3. & S School, at Cleveland, 0.. 

ceeding C. E. Wilbur, who was accou 

t of the great penmen of that day. 


Publii Schools, where he continued without 
break for fifteen years His health failed in iWiOand he re- 
mained out of the field for five years, eventuallv going to the 
B. & S B. C. Chicago, for one year, thence to the Peirce 
School at Philadelphia, where he handled some of the largest 
classes in the country for eight successive years. The strain 
on his health began to tell again, and for the past few years 

th this work, and excels in it as bedo^ „„... ......ub. ™., . 

Root is master of a very individual style— rather small, neat, 
legible as print and exquisitely graceful. He is an unusually 
forceful teacher and commanded a high salary. He is author 
of an excellent instruction work in penmanship, made for the 
I'eirce School when he was connected with that institution. 

— In a late letter D. W. Hoff, Supervisor of Writing, Prov- 
idence, R. I., Public Schools, writes as follows ; "■ Your paper 
on • Business Writing,' read at Cbicaifo, I recently happened 
npon m the October number of The Journal. It is a strong 
atid forceful presentation of blunt facts, quite characteristic 

— Paul A. Steele, penman Business High School. Washing 
ton,_D. C., sends us a sheet of his mimeograph copies, 


speed and 

to those he distributes at the beginuing of i 
classes. Instructions about position, 
copies for slant and vertical writing 
very unique idea. 

— It is quite unusual for daily pajrers to single out class 
journals for special mention. Hence it is particularly gratif v- 
ing to notice in the Harrisburg. Pa . Star-Independent tfie 


' JOD 

for teachers, students and professional practitio 
finest publication of its kind published, and is so recognized 
by the profession. Being wide awake. The Joornal has at- 
tained a very wide circulation throughout the United States 
and foreign countries It is a practical journal, and this 
has made it very popular with all classes. The best penmen 
and the leading artists of the country are numbered among 
its contributors, and the reproduction of fine pen work is 
not excelled any where The personal feature of The Journal 
is one of the best, and the half-lone illustrations are very 
choice indeed. It is published at 203 Broadway, New York." 
— This is I. W. Pierson. If you don't happen to know him 
personally you might imagine he was something less than a 
hundred years old — for we have all been bearing about him 
these many years, But the fact is he dates 
back only to 18(il, and looks and feels no 
older than he is. An unusual amount of pro- 
fessional work has been crowded into his 
career. He was born at Mecca, O., graduated 
from the Cortland, O., High School, and took 
penmanship and business courses at several 
well known iustitutions, including the Ober- 
lin. O , B. C. ; Rochester, N. Y , B U. : Mead- 
ville. Pa.. B. C., and a special penmanship 
in New York City under L. B. Davis 

3 points He taught for one year eacb at t'hiladel- 
phia, Rochester, Boston and Columbus. For a short time he 
was proprietor of business schools at Newcastle and Kings- 
ton, Ind., and for two years conducted a successful school of 
pen art and painting at Chicago. Six years were spent at 
the head of the penmanship department of Elliott's B. C. 
Burlington. la., and seven years have been passed in the 
service of the B & S College, Chicago, where he now is. He 
is a prominent figure at all the penmen's meetings and is a 
general favorite. 

— J. T. Henderson. Pres. Oberlin, O . B. C , in a letter ac- 
companying a nice list of subscriptions, says ; " I am happy 
to be able to sav to you that the Oberlin B. C. is in a very 
prosperous condition. The attendance eo far exceeds that of 
any previous year in the history of the college " 

— Geo. P. Lord, Prin. Salem, Mass., C, C , writes: "Our 
school opened for the winter term last Monday with every 
seat in both dei>artments occupied, with a waiting list of 
several students, for whom I am providing accommodations 
so that they may begin nest week." 

— In the Associated Press despatches we notice an account 
of a particularly distressing accident at the Northern Ind. 
Nor. School. Valparaiso. Ind. A number of students met by 
agreement in a hall to have a flash light picture taken of the 
group, which was to represent a wild west scene. Frank 
Hosenbarger picked up a revolver used in the scene. There 
was a report, and Hays T. Smart fell to the floor with a bullet 
in his brain. He was lemoved to the sanitarium, and the last 
report stated he would die, 

— The Zanerian Art College, Columbus, O.. of which C. P. 
Zaner and E W. Bloser are pioprietors, is growing in every 

—in experience, numbers, breadth and 
ngth of courses, in influence and in succe&s 
ts students. While on a Western trip re- 
. ^■ntly. The Journal Editor had an opportunity 
ot visiting the college, and was most favorably 
imjiressed with the splendid work it is doing for 
the advancement ot penmanship and drawing 
and for the welfare ot its students. The location 
of the college building is central, the rooms large 
C. P. Zaner. and heated with natural gas. The walls are cov- 
ered with examples of pen and brueh work by 
students, teachers and noted artists— all of them being an 
inspiration to the present students, and offering splendid 
models for imitation. We found students in at- 
tendance from various parts of the United 
States and Canada, and all were as busy as bees 
and enthusiasm ran high, Messrs. Zaner and 
Bloser are courteous gentlemen who exert tbi 


.. __,to do evervthing possible for the best 
interests of their students, and as this is becom- 
ing widely known, and as the courses of study 
are broad and thorough, there is a larger at- 
tendance of students from year to year, Grad- E. W. 
nates of this institution are in demand as teach- Bloser 
ers, penmen and artists, and anyone having a 
Zanerian diploma may consider himself fortunate. 

— Before the Northern Indiana Teachers' Association, 
which numbers 1,500 members, W. S, Riser, Supervisor of 
Writing, Richmond, Ind , Public Schools, delivered an ad- 
dress on Penmanship. B H. Hiser, Assist. Supervisor of 
Penmanship, Indianapolis. Ind., will deliver a talk before the 
same Association. Time of meeting is March 24th and 25th, 
and the place Kokomo, ind. 

entertainment under the auspices of the school, in the Y. M. 
C A Hall on Feb. I'th/ Eli Perkins delivered a lecture on 
the '■ Philosophy and Art of Humor." 

— In the college notes in the Grove City, Pa , Telephone, 
we find a complimentary notice of our good triend G. A. 
Swayze, the head of the Business Department of Grove City 
College. The article says: " Prof. Swayze, the principal, is 
succeeding in his efforts to strengthen his department and 
making it increasingly efficient and popular." 

papers r ,. „. 

Fall River. Mass . Evening News of Feb. there i 
count of a lecture on Business Law by Milton Reed. Esq . 
delivered before an audience consisting of students and 
friends of the Shoemaker A Clark B C Following the lec- 
ture there was music by the school orchestra of twelve 
pieces, an impromptu cake walk and other entertaining 

— In a late number of the La Crosse. Wis.. Daily Press, & 
column and a half, beaded with the caption " Why it Suc- 

and Proprietor. A good share of the space is devoted to a 
list of students now occupying responsible potitious. 

— The Du Bois. Pa., papors have recently given some very 
compliinentary notices of the Du Bois B C. and its proprie- 
tor, G. W. Thom. 

— The Great Falls, Mont., C. C, of which Messrs. S. H. 
Bauman and Robert Deardorf are principals, comes in foi a 
half colamn cotnplimentary notice in a late number of the 
Great Fallx Daily Iribnne. This school has been a succfss 
from the start. 

— Our friend to the right is W. H. Beacom, penman of the 
Ooldey. Wilmington, Del , C C. He was born in Pitt«field. 
111. (Jl years ago. Received normal and business training at 
the Bushnell and Dixon, 111,, Normal 
Schools. This education was the i esult 
of his own personal efforts and repre- 
sents many sacrifices, as at the age of iw. 
with only a common si^hool education, he 
left home to shift for himself. His first 
teaching position was with a business 
college at Oakland, Cal., which he re- 
signed after two years to take a similar 
place at Heald's B. C, San Francisco. 
Another interval of two years found him 
at the head of the penmanship depart 
ment of the N. I. Normal College. Dixon, 
111. This place he resigned nearly four 

1 ago to^ucept his present plai 

Bea- W. H. Beacom 

the Goldev, Wilmmgton.'C. C. 
com stands high in our profession as a 
first-class penman and a painstaking, conscientious teacher, 
with the faculty of getting good resiflts from his pupils. He 
IS a man of intense energy and has accomplished about fif 
teen hours" work and study a day for the past eleven years. 
Sometimes, especially in the suiiinier months, be is fond of 
laying aside tin pen for the palette, and is proficient in 
sketching from nature with pencil and brush. His water- 
color work has been shown in public exhibits and has re 
ceived honorable mention from art committees. He has a 
charming wife, who is in full sympathy with his work and of 
great assistance to him. 


Srhoofs, Chanfft's, ICtc 

— Among the new schools ot the month are the following : 
Fitzgerald Shorthand and Business School. Wi^AUS State St.. 
Schenectady, N. Y.. W. P. Fitzgerald. Prin. and Prop ; Bar- 
man's B. C. and Shorthand School. Marion. ()., G. W. Ilar- 
man. Prin.; Flushing. N. Y., B. C, J. Prank Qriffen, Prin.; 
Gas City B. C and Nor. Inst,, Stockton, Cal , C E Doan, 
Prop: Coopers Night School. Wellsville. O., J, F. Cooper. 
Pres: Smith-Premier School of Stenography and Typewrit- 
ing, 136 Balsam St., Ottawa, Ont., D. K Henry, Prin. 

— J. G. Gerbericb. Prin. of the Lebanon, Pa., B C, has 
bought the Chambersburg. Pa., B. C, from W. H. Bowman 
and W. S. Seyler. W H KUne, a former teacher in the Leb- 
anon B C. has been appointed as principal of the Chambers- 
burg B C. Mr. Kline is a hustler, and as he has a gotid field, 
no doubt will roll up a big list of students. 

— J. Frank Qriften opened a business school at Attleboro. 
Mas'j.. and has sold the same to Bliss Bros., and, as noted 
above, is now located in Flushing. N. Y". 

— On May 1st. W. L. Mason's Metropolitan Shorthand 


ill be on the twelfth floor, giving a magnificent 
The typewriting room will be twice as large as the 
me. The school will bo improved in every way pos- 

Movemcnts of the Teachers. 

NewburytJort. Mass , is now connected Aitb the Metropolitan 

B. C . Ottawa. Ont. R. C. Holaday is now connected with 

the Iron City B C . Pittsburg, Pa. G. C. Raynor. late of 

the Polytechnic Inst.. BrooKlyn, is now teaching in the 
Erasmus Hall High School, Biooklyn. 

-The Journal editor lately had the privilege of visiting 


the Lon^ It^land Business College, 143 South Eighth St, 
Brooklyn, of which Henry C. Wright is principal and pro- 
Aboiit four years ago TWe 
L printed a picture of the splen- 
[ ^ I did new building erected by Mr Wright 

I m especially for this school at a cost of gWJ.- 

JH 000. This building presents a handsome 

_ .^^^^^fc appearance externally and is well ar- 
^^^^^^m ranged internally. The college occupies 

^L ^^m the whole of it. There are fourteen 

^^^k^^H class rooms and on assembly room seat- 

^^^^^^H^ ing tHXl people. Everything that can add 

^^^^^^F^ to the comfort and convenience of the 
_^^^^\^_^K^ student is at hand. The offices, parlors 
^^^^^ * ^^1 ^^^ assembly hall are on the first floor 
I^^BWL • m^^ and the school rooms above. There are 
(-(X) students enrolled annually, a little 
Henry c more than half of whom take the com - 

Wright. mercial course, the remainder taking the 

shorthand and academic courses. Messrs. 
Cyrua W. Burhans. Ph.D., and A. A Gerndt. two very capable 
penmen, lojk after the jienmanship work. We were par- 
ticularly interested in the shorthand and typewriting work. 
Students read to us readily and accurately from dictated 
notes, and the work dene on the typewriter was neatness 
)f short n; 

and Densi , 

used, preference as tj number of each in the order named, 
feature of the typewriting ronm Vi a library of large cards 
which are mounted perfect examples of typewriting by 
every conceivable kmd of work, 

, sentenrtes. letters, and legal and 

commercial forms." In this room 35 typewriters *ere in use, 
and one teacher devotes her time to giving instruction in 
typewriting alone. First-class work was being done in all 
departments and there was ahum of interested activity in 
every room 

The faculty of the school includes 16 instructors, besides 
office help. 

Mr. Wright is a large real estate owner ia addition to the 
ownership of this handsome building. For many years he 
has been prominent in business and social life of the metropo- 
lis. He carries his r>0 years and 215 pounds gracefully. In 
politics he is a staunch Democrat and several times lias been 
put forward by bis party for prominent positions. He is 
' Vice-President of the Kings County Building and Loan Asso- 
ciation, being associated In this capacity with some of the 
leading financiers of the city. He is a great lover of rubber 

ceeds," is devoted to the Wisconsin B. U., F. J. Toland, Prin. at whist, and belongs to a number of clubs and societies. 

nt O. U. W.. 

Legion of 

National Providence Union and 
Mrs WriEht presides over a charminK 
and is much seen in society. 
-L J Eeelston. penman Perry B. C. Rutland. Vt ,£«ndr 
splendidly executed large oval 

eluding the Hanoyer^Club, Civic Club^Amer 

the Roval Ai 


; to pick up the catalogue of the Gutchess 

made by P- 
Coleman, one of his pupils, 

- S. G. Snell. principal SuPlPs B. C. Truro, Nova Scolia. 
forwards a Urge number of practice sheets of his pupils 
which show that Mr. Snell i.s getting goodjvork from them, 
^mong those doing the I'est ' 
Paris Lizzie Wilson. G. B Sinc._ 
Martin Birnhill, Frank Putnam. J. A Black. 

- In a prize contest in writing of the students of Piedmont 
College, Lynchburg. Va.. J. W. Giles. A.M , Pres . and C. G^ 
Walfc^nman. Tbe Journal editor ^«« called upon to be 
iudge. The most improvement was made by Lillie KucKer. 
sofond J. F. Wiley, third J. E. Ricketts. Others worthy of 
mention were B. E. Williams. .1. H. Halcher. E. B. Hams. 
Ada Garrison. 

- From the Central Commercial College. Cumberland. 
Md.. E. Presho, Prin.. we have received a package of stu- 
dtmts' specimens containing movement drills, etc Among 
the best is work done by Morris Fisher. William B. Wilbon, 
Jessie Taylor. Joseph Porbeck. F. M. Schlund. Frank C. Mc- 
Knight, Florence Roid. Carrie Get^enfanner. Fred. Gehauf, 
Theo. Shaffer, Earl W. Williams. William Hartsock. 

_ The New Jersey B. C . Newark. N. J., C. T. Miller. Pr: 
and Prop., has favored r 

i'with a package of students' speci- 

. ^ i and Shorthand. Detroit. Mr. (Jutfhess 

believes in chaste work, and the illustrations, printing, paper 
and binding all give evidence of an artistic eye. 

— The catalogue of the L. V, Patterson Inst.. Racine. Wis., 
contains a good pen portrait of Mr. Patterson and a handsome 
drawing of the school building. 

— A particularly bright jonrnal is Proyress, issued by the 
Progress Co . Rochester. N. Y. It has lived a year, and gives 
promise of living many years more. It is doing splendid 
work for tusiness education in general. 

— Rutherford's School, St, James' Building, Broadway and 
26th St., New York, sends a neat booklet devoted to Gregg's 
Light Line Shorthand and an eight-page pamphlet adveiiis 
iog actual business method of teaching bookkeeping. 

— Other bright college journals are those issued by the fol- 
lowing schools ; Kansas Wesleyan B. C, Salina. Kans.; Leb- 
anon Pa . B. C; St. Viateur's College, Bournonnais. III.. 
Atlanta. Ga.. B. C: Sbamokin. Pa,. B. C.; Defiance, O.. Coll ; 
Grand Rapids. Mich. B. U.; Virginia B. C. Riuhmo d, Va.: 
Marietta, Miss.. Normal Inst.; Universitv of the Pacific, Col- 
lege Park. Cal ; Lima. O,, B C : Childs' B. C , Springfield. 
Mass.; Macomb, 111., Normal & B. C: Piedmont Coll . L nch- 
burg. Va.; Birmingham, Ala, B.C.; Central B. C , Denver, 

— The Commercial Reporter, from the Fort Smith. Ark., C. 
C has a handsome new cover in the new style of art by G. 

T. Wiswell. penman of the school The Business Educator 

from the Merrill Coll., Stamford, is an attractive picture gal- 
lery. Biisi'iiess Poiiiters from 

the Tecre Haute. Ind.. C. C, has 
much good reading and a number 
of attractive illustrations. 

Routine and Book beep- 

iog ' It is handsomely printed 
n deckle edge hand made paper. 
— Other 1 right school lournals 
come f I om the Cleai y Coll , Y])^i- 
lanti Muh Scrantjn Pa . B C: 
G and Rap ds M ch B U.: Vin- 
eunes Ind B C (with a specin! 
by F C _Weleji^ penman); 

Cential C C 

— Rote be ji s L iJoiitltli/, 

Eibl shed by J L R nijcrgt-r, 
LB 10 1 Opera House Build- 
ing Chicago IS a b ight littie 


From IhlspilmlMve cabin In which be taught, on t 
mllPBeastof thecftyof Cleveand.the Spencerlan Syet' 
hy the originator and author. Piatt R. Spencer, who i 

uthern shore ot Lake Erie, fifty 
' Pcnmanbhtp was disseminated 
^elf-taught pioneer boy. with a 


I paaalim for i 

:, education and humanity. He was a splendid optimist. 

5 bett. 

read than ciiicceas, puU- 
li-hed bv the Success Co . Cooper 
Union. Now York City. It is full 
of inspiration and encourage- 
ment, progre 

I of E A Newcomer in the 
original examination work 
ch student is required t^ make out upon thee 
pletion of that part of his c 
form and comprise! 

This examination is in book 

i fifty-four pages of work. It covers book- 
■itHmetic, correspondBuce. spelling;, commercial 

law^ la"nguage, business forms and composition. The i 
dents in this school are reejuired to take up several styles of 
lettering in connection with business writing, and this let- 
tering iH put to good use when examination books, etc.. are 
being prepared, the title pages, headings, balance sheets, 
etc , bemg embellished with it. The work before us is neat, 
carefully arranged and creditable alike to student, teacher 
and principal Among those sending the best work in this 
line are William Nixon. C. V. O'Grady. James H. Brannick. 
Daniel Mugler. Jr.. Charles W. Hodson, Samuel Armstrong. 
Thomas W, O'Gradv. Lelia Huflfman. C D. Clarkeon. who 
has charge of tbe advanced work in this school submits a 
quantity of busmess writing from Mr. Kelchner'a 300 Graded 
Lessons" in Business Writing that is excellent. It has good 
form, every letter being distinct, spacing is accurate and 
clear, smooth lines are shown in every case, indicating speed 
and movement. In addition to the business writing, he 
sends a large vnrietv of business forms filled out in excellent 
shape, as well as samples ot German and Old English Text, 
block, rustic and automatic pen lettering executed by ad- 
vanced students. Specimens by Ira C Bingham and A. 
Uren are amon^ the best. The star piece is that from the 
pen of Ella Corrigan. whi<rh is on a large sheet and contains 
rustic lettering, rustic border, dowers, etc.. with a lifelike 
pen portrait of Mr. Miller in the centre. All of this work 
ehowagood method and careful training on the part ot tbe 
teachers, and also shows that good work is not confined to a 
few pupils. The work is uniformly good Messrs. Miller. 

ud self help 
encourage its readers 
to do something and be somebody. .Success is sure to suc- 

— Brit/hf Side, published by the Bright Side Publishing Co.. 
Denver, Colo . is the organ of the American Boys' LeHgue 
It is edited by Ralph Field, General Superintendent ot the 
League. It is a well handled periodical. 

"Father Spencer. 



[This sketch of Father 


through several 

vill : 

students, are to be 

De La Salle. i>Hssed away. He was a fine penman and. iu the 
Christian Brothers' Schools, it was considered he had no 
equal. His work received prizes at the World's Fair, and 
many specimens of ir adorned the walls of galleries of Paris. 
At one time be was teacher of penmanship in St. Joseph's 
College at Buffalo. N. Y. 

fresh Jtti 


— The catalogue of the Eastman B. C, Poughkeepsie. N. Y., 
certainly must be a very satisfactory document for a pros- 
pective student to receive. It gives the good points in tavor 
of business education, and answers everything the intending 
student would care to know regarding Eastman College. It 
18 well written, carefully prepared, handsomely printed and 
bound. Mr. Gaines is a past master in the matter of effective 

— The Pittsburg. Pa., Academy Qitaricrh/ is a high grade 

— The announcements of tbe Spencerian B. C, Washing- 
Ion, D. O., Mrs. Sara A. Spencer, Prin.. usually contain much 
interesting matter, and that for ISOS is no exception. 

— The catalogue of the Stcinmann Institute, Dixon. HI,, is 
nicely illustrated and well printed. 

) of The Journal and will be freely illustrated- with 
pictures of the famous Old Log Seminary, Spencer Houye, 
Spencer Monument, facsimiles of old Spencerian advertising 
posters, etc.— Ei>. Journal. I 

Id his writing classes Mr. Spencer iatroduced original 
Bongi and odes to wilting and the pen, which were sung 
to familiar tunes. 

The poetic charm with which he clothed the art of 
writing ii shown by the following selections from Mr. 
Spencer's literary remarks : 

Oriffin of Spencerian Wrifint/. 

in the absence of other materials, Mr. Spencer, when 
a boy, practiced writing on the smooth sandy beach, on 
the snow, the bark of trees, the fly leaves of his moth 
er's Bible, and by permission on the leather in d shoe 
maker's shop. 

Evolved 'mid nature's unpruned scenes. 

On Erie's wild and woody shore, 
The rolling wave, the dancing stream, 

Tbe wild rose haunts— in days of yore 
The opal, quartz, and amnaooite, 

Gleaming beneath the wavelet's flow. 
Each gave its lesson— how to wiite — 

In the loved years of long ago. 
I seized the forms I loved £o well- 
Compounded them as meaniog tigns. 
And to the ma?ic of the swell, 

Blent them with undulating vines. 
Thanks, nature, for the impress pure ! 
Those tracings in the sand 
are gone ; 
But while the love of thee -<-■ 

endures, f^p^. 


I a foiiy-Book forri*. 

There is beauty in that letter. 
Which my pi-tter wrote to me ; 

No hand can trace one better- 
More easy, plain and free. 

With rose-leaf carves— her capitals 
Are shaped of graceful lines, 

And every speaking image blent 
With undulating viaes. 

The harmony of cuive and slope 
Is graced by tiisteful shade ; 

Her heart seems in the picture work 
Her gentle hand has made. 

She used to eay " Dear Brother ! '• 
With a lich, iugetuous air ; 

Now she writes the words so neatly. 
Her voice sefems speaking there. 



iog classes in the logstm 

Sung in Mr. Spencer's wii 
iaary, public echoots and tiin 

Hail, Servant Pen ! to thee we give 

Another plea'*aut hour — 
'Ti-i thine to bi 1 our memories live. 

And weave our thoughts in flowers ! 
The pen, the pen, the brave old pen 

'Wbich stamped our thoughts of yore, 
Through its bold tracings oft agaio 

Oar thoughts still freshly pour. 
In school-day scenes and sociil bowers, 

It paints our vi-ions gay ; 
And yields to life's dec iniug hours, 

A solace in decay. 
Then bs Ihy movements bold and true, 

Friend of the laboring mind. 
Light shade and form entrance the view. 
And glow through every line. 
The foUowiug, from bis le jture on " The Origin, Prog' 
ress and History of Writing," is what Father Spencer 
said some fifty years ago, relative to his own style and 
system : 

" We come now to the Semi-angular Spencerian Sys- 
tem of Commercial, Epistolary, and Record Writing, of 
which we propose especially to speak. Our intention 
has been to present to the public a system 
'' Plain to the eye and gracefully combined, 
To train the muscle and inform the mind. 
To light the school-boy's head, to guide his hand, 
And teach him what to practice when a man ; 
To give to female taste the symmetry it loves. 
Bud, leaf and flower, for letters, her chaste mind ap- 
No golden boon this humble author claims, 
Utility to embryo mind his aim." 

" We may, however, bo pardoned for further saying 
in regard to this system, for the design, arrangement 
and details of which, whether correct or faulty, we 
must be held responsible, that the peculiarity of its 
prominent features consists io selecting from nature tbe 
elliptic curve or form which nature most delights to em- 
ploy, as adapted to the laws of motion and to animal 
and vegetable life, unfolding proportions mo&t agreeable 
to the eye— for its controlling model— and, in view of 
the pressing use and growing importance of the art as 
the servant of mind, in its restless and multiform aspira- 
tions—making a plain, eimple and easy record, busi- 
ness, and epistolary character, the ground and leading 
object at the beginning, indispentable in themselve--^. 
and independent of coarse hand characters. For Its 
simplicity, elegance and beauty, it drawt" from nature's 
own peculiar model curve of life and action. The feed, 
the bud, the flower, the fruit, all take the same oval ; 
I he tree, in stem, leaf, branch and root, maintains the 
same form, and even the pebbles displaced by the little 

" But whatever be the fate of this or that system, and 
though every author perish without a name, yet the t 
of writing is not only commanding i 

-igin and hit 

""^^'^ A^ 


't-^^nmtui^ Q7utClMu.inaCy 

tory, bnt is in its gracefal perfections, beaatifnl and 
imposing in its proper imagery." 

S,,inrtr ll,„„i, \,,i,l,„r,l, Ji»»,%r < «., JI„„. 

Circumstantial evidence shows that this fine old man- 
sion was built about liUC by Mr. John Spenser, a young 
English gentleman, supposed to be identical with John 
Spenser, of Rhode Island Colony, first American an- 
cestor of Piatt R. Spencer and of most of the Spencers 
who trace their lineage to Rhode Island. 

This house is in the style of English country houses, 
of which it is a specimen, belonging to the sixteenth 
century. It is approached by a private avenue which 
descends gently to the north toward Merrimac River 
and intervening meadows, from the highway that ex- 
tends eastward from the city of Newburyport toward 
the sea, along the crest of Merrimac Ridge. 

flarju'r's Monthly Maijazine for July, IS;."!, contains an 
Illustrated article by Harriett Prescott SpoStord, en- 
titled " Newburyport and Its Neighborhood." It gives 
a view of the great porch of the ancient house in Old 
Newbury, just east of the city of Newburyport. 
Mrs. SpoEford discusses the disputed question regarding 
the antiquity and purpose of the structure, and coin, 
cides with those who are led to believe, by its beauti- 
ful and finished architecture, that it was not, as some 
have supposed, a'garrison house, but that it was de- 
signed for a wealthy ref idence. 

Mrs. Spofifjrd remirks that "The great porch of this 
old house is said to be the moat beautiful architectural 
specimen in tbii part of the country, although it doubt- 
less owes a part of its beauty to the mellow and varied 
coloring which two hundred years have given it." She 
mentions "the beveled brick of its arches and case- 
ments, and the exquisitg nicety of its ornamentation " 
as evidence that " it was not intended for the rough 
usage of a garrison-house, an idea which [she thinks] 
gained currency from the fact that it was once used to 
store powder in— a fact that was fixed in the popular 
memory by an explosion there which blew out the side 
of the house, and landed an old slave of the occupant on 
her bed, in the boughs ot ao adjacent appletree." 

This ancestral New England home of the author of 
Spenoerian penmanship contrasts strikingly with the 
log cabins in which he lived and taught, and from which 
he disseminated his style and system of wrting that in 
the language of James A. Garfield " Is Ihe pride of our 
country and the model of our schools." 
[To he continupil ,) 

Open Court. 

Here is a chance for the man with a grievance, or 
the man with a hobby, or the man with a sharp 
point to puncture some other man's hobby— just 
so he writes under his own responsible name, is 
not long-winded, and avoids personalities. The 
Journal is not resjyonsible for views expressed. 
Now fire away ! 

Longer Commercial Course. 

Penmans Art Journal; 

Mr. G. W. Languin, in "P A. J." for February, gives ex- 
pressioD to soma sentiments common to all of us who desire 
theeleviilion of our profession to its proper position in the 
educatioiini and business world. 

ThepreticiIIy, Mr. Langum is risht, and ultimately our 
i^ehools will become more nearly coffeges tnan they are now. 
In the meantime the Reneral public must bo educated to feel 
the need of higher institutioua ot commercial training. 

Those persons who desire to succeed in the so-called 
higher professions expect to devote from four to ten years 
to securing special training. It is said that ninety per cent. 
n( our businessmen fail at some time during their lives. Is 
this unavoidable ? Would not a proper commercial training 
of from three to four years enable many to become fairly 
prosperous and successful men who would otherwise have 
.loloed our army of bankrupts? 

Let us with uniformity of purpose strive to arouse a senti- 
ment in favor of special training for business. Let us have 
the public demand something mora of a busines.? school than 
that it be simply a factory for clerks. Suppose we let " fake 
schools" alone as being unworthy of ink and paper, but 
push forward legitimate methods and conduct a campaign 
of education rather than fiery denunciation. 

There is a movement now on foot to have commercial 
(ea' hers examined and if competent certified to be such. It 
is to be hoped that tho^e favormg such a plan will give this 
feature of the Eastern Commercial Teachers' Association 
their support, and, if possible, be present at its meeting in 
April at Springfield. Mass. 

1 believe that the problem of gaining and keeping com- 
iiiereial supremacy by the United States depends upon the 
pioper instruction of our youth along these lines. 

„ . A. R. Kip, 

i rin. of Commercial Dept. of Hartford Business College. 
Hartford. Conn. 

Examinations for Business College 

Pknman's Art Jouunal: 

1 trust that the time will soon come when all who desire 
to filter the business college profession will be required to 
pass a satisfactory examination in all subjects taught in a 

well regulated business cntlege befuru a (pialified Board of 
Examiners. If we over expect to receive recognition from 
the business-public it seems to me there should be such re- 
iiuirements as will claim respect of all. 

When a graduate from a business college applies for a 
position the fact that he is a graduate scarcely means any- 
thing, because there are no definite requirements kn^wn to 
the business community. No two colleges have the some cur- 
1 iculum, nor are they required to master a definite course. 
Therefore the field is open to all comers, the genuine and the 
spurious alike. Personally I would like to see a number of 
our leading business educators get together andarinngea 
course of instruction, appoint a Board of Examiners and each 
school requiring all who desire a diploma to pass examina- 
tions, lam ready for such an advance. Why not compel 
recognition uE our work ? 

When I entered the field here. January 2, 1883, I was 
ashamed to be introduced as Principal of the Toledo Business 
College, so low had the business sunk in tho estimation of the 
public. A little bookkeeping and bird flourishing constituted 
the course. Out of a population of 60.UOO there was a school 
of fifteen day students and about forty evening students, 
and they were roped in by loud advertising I therefore 
had to begin with a sick and discouraged lot, a clear case of 
money secured under fal.'^e pretenses. This Is not as it should 
be, and I firmly believe that if there should be a combined 
effort on the part of a number of leading business educators 
of tho country all such pretenders could be driven from the 
field. I find the great need is a more thorough groundwork. 
Probably more than half of the young men and women that 
enter business colleges have had a very limited English edu- 
cation; therefore the necessity of classes in grammar, arith- 
metic, sp illing, correspondence and commercial law. At tho 
nest convention I hope that we may have more general 
meetings, where all departments may ;;et together and dis- 
cuss plans for a more thorough ourse of study in our busi- 
ness colleges I realize more and more each year that we 
have a grand work before us. and have the privilege of doing 
a class of work that cannot be accomplished otherwise than 
through business colleges. 

This being the case, let us hold our standard High, and thus 
win the respect of intelligent people. 

M H Davis. 
Davis Bus. College, Toledo. O. 

Teachers and flethods. 

(The Journal beleives that teachers can gain much 
from an interchange of ideas and methods. Every 
teacher has much to learn and something that he can 
teach. The Jours a.1. will devote a part of its spane as 
a clearing house of ideas, under the heading of " Teach- 
ers and Methods." Bull down your ideas and send than 
in. Here are a coirple of articles as starters.) 

rXy Methods of Obtaining Work in Writ- 
ing Outside of the Regular Drill Class. 

At the end of each writing period I give some copy and 
require each student to do at least two pages of careful 
work to be handed to me during the next writing period, 
and 1 have on one side of the room two lines or cards 
drawn against the wall, and the best woik 1 place on the 
top line and the poorest work on the lower string. This 
creates un interest with the poor ones as well as with the 
better writers. Jf they have no hopes ot getting on the 
top line they will stiive to keep their work off of the 
lower line. This method stimulates their best efforts all 
along the line ; and sometimes the work placed on the 
lower line from some student being careless, and not hav- 
ing doue his best, creates within him renewed energy not 
to allow it to occur again, and the nest day his work may 
be such as to entitle him to having it placed on the top 
line among the best specimens. 

Mr. Kelchner's plan is very similar to my method of 
atcuring practice outside of class practice, only 1 exhibit 
the beat and poorest work each day. 

1 rather think that teachers could help each other by 
giving their methods of conducting the writing class, or 
even other classes. It surely is a poor method that has 
no good points worthy of mentioning to others, and cer- 
tainly the teacher using such a method must feel very 
bad to think that he is using a system worse than any 
other teacher. 

Wishing to find many such communications as Mr. 
Kelchner's in The Journal the coming year. I am, 

C. A. Braniqer. 

Too riuch Movement to Suit Him. 

Penman's Art Journal: 

We hear a great deal in the last few years about mus- 
cular movemeut and movement exercises. Discussion is 
a good thing, because it brings out the good and bad 
points and causes people to begin thinking. 

It seems to me that a great many of our penmanship 
teachers are failing in their efforts, if we may judge from 
the results obtained. The average student enters college 
with the determination to get a fair business education 
»nd then to enter the business world and battle for his 
"daily bread." Every moment means money to him, 
and he must get value received if he proves a success after 
he leaves college. The method by which this student 
will produce the best results is the proper one to pursue. 
A look at the practice of the students of a great many of 
our colleges will prove that movement is all that he has. 


He has no control over it and no idea when hr begins to 
make a letter whether it will appear us he intci.ds or not. 
Why do38 this condition exist ? 1 chum that ii. is because 
our teachers depend too much upon violent movement 
exercises. The pupil learns to make large ovals, in a 
way, when what he is trying to learn to make is small 

In becoming great we do not begin at the top, but start 
at the bottom and work toward the top ; in learning 
mathematics we do not begin in calculus ; in any under 
taking we begin at the lowest point and work toward the 
highest. Tho man who makes needles does not make 
railroad irons first to learn how; neither do 1 think it 
necessary to work on largn oval exercises for two or three 
mouths in oider to learu to write the small letters. I 
believe the greatest success can be attained, aud is at- 
tained, by starting the student in the proper manner on 
small letters that require the simplest movements and 
working to the complex. The work each day will pre- 
pare the student for the next without so much exercise 
work. I have found, by actual experience, that I can 
get far better results by having my pupils practice care 
fully but not too rapidly. By increasing the speed grad- 
ually they are able in a few mouths to do good work. 
My pupils can write as well, as a rale, on their books as 
on practice paper. 

Our students have to do more writing on book?, aud 
our instruction should be such that they will be able to 
do that kind of work. I teach a combined movemeut and 
find that 1 can get much better results in that manner. 
I avoid all spasmodic movements and lead my pupils to 
seethe advisability of intelligent practice. My work is 
given so that each step will be a stepping stone to the 
next higher. I do not denounce movemeut, but on the 
contrary teach my pupils a swinging, gliding motlou. 1 
do denounce the violent movemeut exercises that so 
many teachers of penmanship use so freely. 

lam departing some from the " cut and dried " road, 
1 know, but shall continue iu the same line until 1 see 
•• the error of my way.'' 


Hayward^s Bus. Coll. St. Louis Mo. 

Too Smart for Him. 


There wa? a young woman of Kent, 
And to the bank teller she went ; 

" See here ! " she exclaimed, 

As in ang 'r she flamed, 
" Why is this check back to me sent ? " 

The teller looked out of his cage 
At the sweet new depositor's rage, 

And blushed like the dawn ; 

*' Account overdrawn," 
He smiled with a guess at her age. 

'*' Beg pardon," she freezingly spake, 

*' Some persons are very opaque ; 
Just look as you ought 
At my check book I've brought— 

Perhaps you will see your mistake." 

He took it and looked at it, too. 

*' Well, misB," he said, when he was through. 

" 1 fail to perceive 

We are wrong. I believe 
Our rules have not been noted by you." 

And then that smart woman of Kent 
For the stupid bank teller man weut, 

And said, with a laugh : 

" Why, I haven't used half 
Of the checks iu this check book you sent. 

" And how. till those bank checks are gone, 
Can my account be overdrawn ? 

I'm a woman, you see, 

But you can't humbug me — 
I'm not quite as green as the lawn," 

— Chicago Ihtilij Sun 

His Early Training at Fault. 

The sympathetic women who were visiting the .lail were 
deeply impressed by the good looking young man iu the sec- 
ond tier of cells. 

" You do not look like a duilty man." said one of the boldest 
of them as she stepped up to hU cell. " but the guard tells me 
that you already have been convicted. To what, may I ask, 
do you attribute your— your— misfortune !■ " 

" To my early training when a child." he replied. 

"Poor fellow!" she said, sympatheticallv- "How nnu-h 
ignorant or careless parents have to answer for in this 
world I What particular feature of your early training do 
you think had the effect of bringing you here r " 

" Learning to write." 

She was still wondering what the poor fellow couhl iii>-iin, 
when the jailer suggested : 

" He's up for forgery, you know."— CA»<(f/o Post. 

Correspondents are re<iaested to make their contribu- 
tioDs short and pithy. We have no space for long ar- 
ticles and have on hand enough of them to last for years. 


A Course of Instruction for Teachers of 
Writing in Public and Graded Schools 



No. 3. 

Second Week:— Teacher talks and writes. One child 
writes on board. All the clasB go to board. 

Third Week:— Class draw object and write itB_ name 
on Quruled paper, with a pencil, freehand. O'b are 
practiced on board with both bands. 

Fourth Week:— Child uses eraser. Teacher corrects 
letter forms. Begin preparations for pen and ink. The 
board writing and calisthenics are kept up each day for 
five monthfl. 

Fifth Week:— Present paper with base lines and 
write o with a pencil until all know " where to begin," 
" to skip a space," " to work by rows," " to begin at top 
of o," ** to make between base lines," and so on. 

Sixth WKEb:— Give first pen lesson. Stay on o until 
familiir with pen. Proceed with ceijiuwnnmvi 
r 6 z Teach circlp, hook and hanger-on. 

Eleventh Week ;~Give staff-ruled. Reduce all from 
o to z. Begin with hook made three spacee, then two, 
then one. These lessons are a review. 

Present i, then t, to, it. Present a, then d, do, did. 
Present e 1 h b k f ; p, papa ; qgjy, adgpq; pqj 

y e- 

Sixteenth Week:— Review. Write a line of each 
from a to z. 
January : Use name oatline. Ready for capitals. 

The capitals are typal in form and their merit is not 
so much m what they are themselves as what they lead 
to. The standard should be a basic form with no ex- 

The pupil modifies them according to his individuality. 

They are taught in groups. O Q C G E A D are built 

iSti^^ C^nmans oyUCCl^uAnaS 



PBRPTHKD each begins with a vertical line. 

C O E L S each begins with a dot or curl. 

U y V W X M N all begin alike. 

Compare letters together, as the I. J ; M, N ; V, W ; 
U. Y ; P, B, R ; F, T. Compare letters with print. 

Practice the days of the week, the months, proper 
names, the United States motto, the city, the State. 
the names of parents, and short sentences from the 

i>i,Hhiv I'm- a Fhst iiraiie Lrnson. 

Long ago pt^ople did their cjoking by the fire-p1acp. 
The little English boys and girls put pencil to paper 
and begin with the " pot hooks and hangers-on." 

the fire by means of 


a little thing like yj The hanger 
over the rod and the handle of the kettl 

.. n ... 


, hook would be at 

the end of the crane and the haudle 

the hanger-on. To day if we were in the woods we 
would haug our kettle over our camp fii-e in the 
same old fashion. 

The vertical writing is built upon the hook 
and hanger-on and we will begin with them 
aud write them large. 

Of course you have all heard the story of the *' Three 
The.v Jill ato porridge. 




s the Great Big Bear's 
i bowl. 

Tins is the Middle Bear's bowl. 

This belongs to the Little Wee 

They all had spoons. 

The Little Wee Bear dropped 
liis spoon in his bowl aud a drop 
fiew out. 

Happy vs. Unhappy. 

Sometimes you Kau^h, sometimes you cry. When you 
laugh how is your face y Long or round ? When you 
cry how is it ? Your eyebrows go up, ynur lips draw 
down and your face grows very long. 

They say that these vertical letters are very happy 
letters. You might call them the laughing letters. 
Always make happy letters. 

is a brownie with a Tam O'Shanter on, 

• And what do you suppose ; 

[^ have made i 

School Motives. 

Pevmans Art Journal: 

In response to the request of my friend, Mr. Kinsley. I 
betake myself to the task of giving expression to some of my 
convictions with reference to school work. Like many otheis, 
1 have entered a lar^e field. There is plenty of room to floun- 
der around. 

Suppose I make this proposition : God created the worlJ. 
then man to consume it ; therefore man lives to consume. 

Everybody, by his life, either vindicates or refutes this. 

Confined within the range of economics Ithis seems lair. 
Education is a means to this end. and school motives do 
not reach beyond this. But the light of economics is a 
dim one for the illumination of 8\ich a sun. Directed 
to the physical education perishes with the physical ; di- 
rected to the mental it enlarge^ capacity for the direction 
of human eflEort to useful and lofty aims; directed to the 
moral it makes men more like Him, and prepares for a large 
future existence. 

All education is either motive or culture. By motive, I mean 
that which tends directly to the improvement of the earning 
capacity. By culture, 1 mean that which gives polish and re- 
finement in appearance, manner and speech, and looks to a 
more pleasing and inipressive association among men. 
Either or both of these may be secured in !the pursuit of any 
(.ourse of study -depending upon the school motives. If a 
student is bent upon acquiring larger earning capacity, by 
earnest, intelligent and pertistent application, he can find it 
in any course anywhere. If culture is paramount, he can get 
that through any channel. That which he seeks he gets. 

It Is interesting to observe how the world (the people are 
the world) swings from the philosophic to the practical ; fi om 
the idealistic to the realistic, and vice versa. " " Dust thon 
art, to dust returnest,' was not spoken of the eoul," is the 
ihought paramount in one age. In another, " In the broad 
field of battle he a heroin the strife" (for wealth), is the 

Today we are in the clutches of the latter sentiment. 
Utility rather than beauty is the demand. See the rapid 
spread of the business education idea during the last twenty- 
Hve years, and the manual training idea within the last ten 

With every great move the impulsive is evidenced in the 
invariable movement to the extreme; but,'like the pendulum, 
when the force is expended, she swings hack in time and 
arrives at the happy normal. To one who, for twenty years 
has given almost his entire time and attention to the pursuit 
and study of educational progress, it is with pleasure that we 
observe a eure return from the painfully practical to the 
normal m business educational aims and methods. The nar- 
row and unqualified are rapidly taking to the woods and 
leaving the ranks of those whose motives are high and broad. 
Those who would retain their identity among business 
educators are being forced to higher scholastic attainments. 
This implies a motive akin to pride— better than no cultuke 
motive at all. 

But the ideal condition has not been reached yet. 1 am 
certain that business education has not reached its eenith in 
real usefulness. In Business Educators' Conventions such 
topics as 'language,'" "economics," "teachers' qualifica- 
tions," etc., are being discussed. It shows a movement 
toward the CULTURE side which will make men larger influ- 
ences in society and altogether better citizens. 

When a student comes to me and asks, " What good will 
physical geography, physiology, or even square root in arith- 
metic do me* I am going to be a lawyer. What does a law- 
yer have to do with these things y " I thmk, " Poor deluded 
thiog indeed. I pity your wife and baby, if ever you get 
them. You will take the bread from their mouths to support 
your carcass while you decide what you may omit to do and 
still live another day." If, however, a pupil says, " I have 
only a small sum to invest in schooling, and besides I am so 
much needed at home; therefore, I wish to take only such 

siibects as will quickest afford me some larger earning capac- 
ity." my sympathies are aroused, and inwardly I exclaim, 
■■ Noble boy. I am at your service to the limit of my 

But the question of interest is, how may the business col- 
leges be factors in secnriug higher and broar'er school 
MOTIVES^ We readily understand that, in a large measure, 
as the gardener so is the garden ; as the fountain so is the 
stream ; but we are not ?o apt to recognize that these express 
a truth applicable to the school and to the teacher. Let the 
school maintain a high standard and the teachers be imbued 
with lofty motives. Theie with tact in teaching cannot but 
raise the motives in the pupils. If a young man or woman 
goes from a school with no greater desire for knowledge and 
larger mental capacity than he had when he entered, it seems 
to me that that school his failed to accomplish much real 
good for that pupil. Problems of individual incapacity, in- 
herited indolence, home environments, etc., will present 
themselves continually ; but these do not prove ineflfectual 
the influence of hia:h motives in schools and teachers. 

The first step in the improvement of any capacity is to 
recognize and feel the need of such improvement. An 
honored man upon his death bed, said : " You call me wise. 
I concede it ; for I know that 1 know but little, while you 
have not yet learned that." " Know thyself," would be a very 
ap[iropriate inscription by tattoo upon our hands 

The second requisite is ambition— a determiuatioq to se- 
cure the desired capacity. These should be inspired by tbe 
teacher into the pupils A teacher is measured to-day, not 
by tbe number of lawyera, physicians and Congressmen which 
he or she turns out. but by the loftv ambition which he 
arouses in the indolent, stupid and stubborn To accomplish 
this the teacher must possess sympathy for his pupils. 
Abraham Lincoln's success and greatness lay in his sympathy 
for the people. 

Tbe teacher must have more than a smattering {or even a 
mastery) of the subjects which he teaches* He must com- 
mand a reserve force— some breadth of observation and 
alertness to detect and correct -little inaccuracies. These 
should bs inviolate conditions to every appointment as com- 
mercial teacher. 

That the commercial courses are too short Is a condition 
which we may regret, but never lament or despair. We must 
meet them We can meet them w'th (1) larger preparation, 
(2) faithful study of individuality, nnd (3) correlation of all 
that goes to make up well rounded education. 

A pupil in my class in arithmetic not long ago recited : 
" Duties are specific and ad valorem. Specific is based upon 
the quantity and ad valorem upon the invoice price." I pro- 
ceeded as follows : " \l) With mental problems I illustrated 
all tbe applications of percentage to duties ; i'i) I had all the 
principal words used spelled orally : (3j 1 developed thw 
Latin expression "ad valorem '■ ; (4i 1 gave a short lesson in 
civics ; (5) I taught language by correcting the expressions 
of the pupils and closed the recitation with three written 
problems. Arithmetic was paramount, but there was ample 
opportunity to teach five other subjects 

I am certain that the success of our successful Commercial 
Schools to-day is due more to a more or less close observaiiuu 
of this method. 

As memory eliminates time in the lives of men and rail- 
I'oads, telephones and telegraphs annihilate apace, so corre 
lation and synthetic methods in teaching will largely offset 
the coniition of too short Commercial Courses and raise thy 
standard in the Commercial Schools. 

M. D. Fulton. 

I — -J 

Miss Keller's Course. 

The Good Thintft* to Come, 

" T shall be our aim to give outlines of 
peomaoship lessons that have been 
actually carried out in the public 
school. We have already given the 
first steps in form, using the crayon 
and the pen. The writer believes in 
blackboard work in excess of pen 

A lesson will follow showing how to correlate the 
written language leteon with tbe writing lesson, miog 
the blackboard with the pupils. 

The application of movement to words will be devel 
oped also, to fit the vertical system. 

The method of combining " thought with execution 
will b^ shown in a patriotic copy, and a typical leeson iu 
" social correspondence " for the sixth grade will also b-- 

Those interested in changing a slant class to vertical 
may find a little help in an article on that subject, ft 
gether with the laws governing vertical writing. 

Alt JCiiH,, Wfii/ »/ Makinu VirHnif Copirs. 

Any teacher could make copies for her class by cui 
ting out any suitable slip from any copy book, and tra' 
ing over the letters with hectograph infc. 

Lay the slip face down on the geUtine, and then tab^' 
as many impressions as needed. Onr gelatine is fa' 
niihed iu blocks done up in tissue paper. The teacbi-r 
melts it in shape in the tin pan prepared for it. l-'^e ^ 
coarse pen. 





ter. Ohio ; E. W. Doak, Owosso. Mich., age in ; C. B. RiiiKe, 
Frazier, Mo., age 17, St. Joseph Bu8. Univ., E. E. Gard, Jr , 
teacher ; Thos J. Dwire, NasoDVille, R. I., age U, pupil of C. 
W. Jones, Woonaocbet, R. I,, Bus. Univ.; Arthur Erdman, 
Indianapolis. Ind . age 17, pupil of H. H. Hiser, Indnettial 
Training School, Indianapolis: Grace D. Berry, Indianap- 
age 18, pupil ot B. H. Hii 

High .School ; Frank J. Denb. Pittsburg, Fa , pupil of H. G. 

Burtner. Pittsburg. Pa.. Bigh School; Carleton R. Jamey, 

e. Ind. age ai. pupil of J. W. Howard. M '- '^' 

V..: N. T. 
Balzer. Minneapolis Noi 
oils; El nest K PIsb. t 
lioro. Me., F. H. Sanb 
Falls. Mont., age 18. 
Mont..Coml C ■ ' 
Frederick Erif 
F.lizabefh. N. J 

I, Ind.. B. 

apolis. Minn . age 17. pupil of J. M. 
nal Scluwl and Bus. Coll , Minneap- 
■e 17, Oak Grove Seminary, Vassel- 
.rn. teacher ; Tula V. Grain, Great 
upil of S H- Batiman, Great Falls, 
■oil ; John M. White. Rahway. N. J. age If. 
I. Elizabeth. N J., nso IS. W. M. Schmidt, 
.. age IS Floyd D. Soverlv, Ea*t Orange, N. J , 
age 18, John F, Piech. Jr.. Bos.-lle. N. J., age 18. Geo. E Bond, 
Newai k, N. J . age IS. Geo. Dunning. Newark. N. J , Theo- 
dora Hilbert. Newark, N.J .age 17, Iva Stevens. Newark, 
N. J., age 16. pupils of C. D. Clarksou, New Jersey B. C, 
Newark. N. J.; Ruby H. Dean, Indianapolis, Ind.. age IR, 
pupil of B. H. Hiser. Indiaoapoli^, Ind , High School ; Harry 
Jones, Newark, N. J , age 1.5, C Arthur Balder, PlainSeld, N. 
J., age 17, C V. O Grady. Newark. N J., oge H. H. B. Matll- 
sou. ago 17. Noble R. Beatty, Elizabeth. N. J., age 15, Henry 
U. BaylifS, Arlington, N. J., age 15, David H Blair, Wood- 
bridge, N. J., age 16. pupils of O. D Clarkson, Ne- - ' ° 

, , Indianapoli;^, Ind. ago 

.... lad.studenti ot B. H. Hiser, 
hod ; Geo W Parker. Boonton, 
N. J . age 17. pupil of D. Cln ■ 

N. J.; Rebfcc 
16. Flank Kissel. Inrtianapol 
Indianapolis, Ind ,11" 

ark. N. J.; Nellie Andr 


Ind.. High School: Frank J. McNally, Woonsi- 
age IB, pupil of C. W. JonB.i, Woonsocket. H. I.. B. U ; Isidore 
J Wright, Millersville. Pa., age 18, pupil of F. L. Haoberle, 
State Normal School, Millersville, Pa ; Edw. Thomas, Great 
Palls. Mont., pupil of S. H. Bauman. Great Palls, Mont., 
Com'l Coll.: Carrie Oberhaeusser, Pittsburg, Pa., oge 18, 
pupil of H. Burtner. Pittsburg, Pa., High School ; Gus Wey- 
faing, Detroit. Mich., ago 17. pupil of J. G. Kline, Detroit, 
Mich., Bus. Univ.; A. Field. Evansville, Ind., pupil of W. E, 
Wilson. Columbian College. Evansville. Ind.; W. O. Weaver, 
Canfleld. Ohio, ago 2(1, pupil of E. L. McCain, Northeastern 
Ohio Normal Collegp. 


Sketching from Nature. 


,t^"* -^4.. , , , 

landscape deeigu 
\ given for the pui 
illustrating aerial pei- 
-the science and art 
I atmospheric cor - 
' the influence of the 
I upon the appear- 
earby objects are lighter 
and darker than those far away. Things in the fore- 
ground are nauch more distinct than those in the dif- 
tance. Detail may be conspicuous in the forepart of the 
picture and wholly omitted in the distance. 

You must learn to depict this influence of distance 
upon the appearance of things if you desire to repreeent 
things of unequal distance in the same picture. Not 
only do things appear different in form, and light, and 
shade, but in color as well. Black near at hand does not 
appear black at a distance. Bine near at hand appears 
different in hue and tone at a distance. See for your- 
self. Do not take my word for it. 

Award of Prizes in December Contest on 
•*3oo Graded Lessons." 

In response to the anDouncement made on page 
221 of December namber of The Journal of the 
prize of ?5,00 for the best complete set of exercises 
embodied in Mr. Kelchner's first and second lessons 
appearing on page 222, Mr. Kelchner has been 
flooded with sets of competitive exercises. The 
grading and awarding of prizes was done by Mr. 

The first prize has been awarded to G. A. Sar- 
gent, Kimball, O., age 20, pupil of G. E. Crane, 
Sandosky, O., B. C. Therefore the prize goes to 
Mr. Sargent. Copy of Ames' Compendium of 
Practical and Ornamental Penmanship will go to 
Mr. Crane, his teacher, as per original announce- 
ment that this prize would be given to teacher of 
successful student named in order as graded. 
Others who did extremely creditable work are: 

nAv N. Balzer, age 18. pupil of E E. Gard, St. Joseph. Mo. 
B. U.: W C. Weaver. Canlield.O.. age ao. pupil of K L. Mc- 
Cain, Northeastern Normal Coll., Canfleld. O ; student of the 
'"^ernational B. C . Saginaw, Mich., P. P. Musrush, teacher; 
J>- B Hoppius, St. Louis, Mo., age 17, pupil of S. L. Olver, St. 
Louis, Mo.. Com'l Coll ; John J Byron. Jr., Paterson, N. J.. 
«Ke IN pupil of L. M. Tbornborgh, Paterson, N. J., Hiffh 
^'ctiool; Harry V. King. Succasunnu. N. J.; Esther Turkle- 
sou, Moray, Kans., Hgo 1ft, pupil of E. E. Gard. Jr.. St. Josepli 
aio.. Bus Univ.; H. B. Gardiner, Swansea Village, Mass. 
pupil of Chas. Becker. Thibodeau's Com'l Coll., Fall River, 
ri«!l' Lawrence Eddy, Tromle>, N. J., age 18, pupil of C. D. 
«-iarkson, New Jersey B. C , Newark. N. J.; Mary 0. O'Con- 

nor, Woonsocket, R. L, pupil of C. W. Jones, Woonsocket, R. 
I., Bus. Univ.: Lillian Bohmer, Northampton, Mass, age 17, 
pupil of J. L. Hay ward, Northampton, Mas3., Com'l Coll.: R. 
C. Cady. Waco. Texas, age 19 pupil of A. C. Easley. Add-Ran 
Univ , Waco, Texas ; N. M. Seiglie, Norristown. Pa . age 17. 

Bipil of C. C. Uanan, Schissler Coll of Bus., Norristown, Pa.; 
S. Williams. Oak Grove Sem.^Vasselboro. Me.;Eula Heagy, 
Pierceton, Ind,. age 16, pupil of W. L. Dick, Pierceton, Ind.. 
High School : Etbel Heagy, Pierceton. Ind , age 18, pupil of 
W. L Dick, Pierceton. Ind., High Scbool; Louis R. Grim- 
shaw. St, Catharines, Ont., age 19. pupil of R. Reynolds, Col- 
If^ge of Com., St. Catharines, Ont.; Ida Campbell, lodianap- 
oli.s. Ind., age 17. Industrial Training School. W. J. Thisselle. 
teacher ; Morrell Z. Anders, Worcester, Pa., age 17, pupil of 
R. S. Collins, Pierce Coll of Biis . Philadelphia; Fannie Stone. 
Woonsocket, R. 1 . age Ifi. pupil of C. W. Jones, Woonsocket. 
R I,, Bus. Univ.; A. J. Hart, Wilmington, Del , age 20, pupil 
of W. H Beacom. Goldey Coll, Wilmington, Del.; F. L. 
NnofFer, Chicago. lU.. age 14. pupil of J- F. Fish, Metropolitan 
B C , Chicago ; J. F, Puterbaugh. Scio, Ohio, age II). pupil of 
W. J. McCarty, Scio. Ohio. Com'l Coll : W. D. Laflferry, Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn., age 17, pupil of C. W. Smith, Chattanooga, 
Tenn., Normal Univ.: Rolland M. Dartt, age 3(), Canfleld, 
Ohio. School of Bus . W. P. Canfleld. teacher : Paul H. Hen- 
dricks, Barry. 111., High School, age 1*0; J. W. Haugh, Woos- 

Awards for Most Improvement in Mr. Mills* 

UrentPMt itiiproreHunt, T. L.SitUiran, Ilrailforil, **». 

Secotul yreatcat impravvnif^nt, Hurrif V. Kiny, Snccn- 
mtntiH, \. ./. 

Third i/rr»U:tt imprnvv intent, L. Mr. ttft/iiohitt, Safcm, 

The certiticate* offered by The Journal for greatest, 
second and third greatest improvement, by students fol 
lowing lessons in business writing in its course given in 
1807 by Mr. E. C. Mills, have been awarded by Mr. Mills 
to those whose uames appear herewith. These certifi- 
cates will be filled out and will be sent to Mr. Mills for 
his signature, wheu they will be forwarded to the prize 
winners. The work of these young men shows marvel- 
ous improvement and attests the practical nature of the 
course of lessons given by Mr. Mills, and also that home 
students can acquire a handwriting equal to that of many 
professional ponmen— if tliey follow the instructions 
given in The Journal. 

Auxiliary Copies (continued from page 49). 

Division B2 by C. H. Allard ; CS by W. K. Cook. 


cl^nmanli d^^CCL^tUnaS 

2 65 2 6*> -^T -^^A '^.io 

*'^"" ^ 

»89 2S0 

2S3 C3+ 25^ ^j^o 

Cti+ 2 95 2£>c 

an.*. J. M. FraBtier, Wheeling 
;. Contral B. C. D.-i 

!, C; 2iifl H. P. Behreiismeyer, Gem City B. C. Qulnoy. Ill ; 

Hoff. Writing Supervisor, Providence. : 

Supervlflor, Hiitland.Vt.: yT4 C. H. jL-nkliis. Shaw H. C. Portlauil. Me.: -iTS F\V. Relsey.'San Diego. Cal.. B! 

1 R. 0. Walrtron, Writing Supervisor, McKeesport, Pa. ; 'iVl Stanley A. Drakp. Union B. C. La Fayette, I 

Donald. WInnlpi 
Nebr. : """ " " 
J. O. Q< 

Foster. Ulrralngba 

WrItInK Supervisor. Uoelty Rlv, 

, Lebanon, Pa.. B. C ; 
2H4E. E. Mervllle, B. 

:. C. Philadelphia. Pa. 
C-. Buffalo. N. Y. ; aS5 W. C. SchuDpel, Sprlnglleii 
strlal Inst., nu RapMs, M" " ~~ 

t strong endorsements of t 

a three iiundred well lin 

.111.. B. C: 211, 

t forwarded photos, and v 

uDpel.t. „ 
90L. D.Teter.Clli 
Wallace, Pledmoat C 
Bay City, Mich. 

, San Frftncfst 
Rugg^CiirtlHS B.C.. MInne 

. C ; 280 r. F. Cle; 

CoUeae, Lyn 

unding " :(00 Pen Copies " whose Dortralts 
lave on hand a number of photos that wen 

I W. A Baldwin. Writing Supervise 
irt,'. Va-; 290 H. E. Byrne. Patersoa Inst.. - 
. Thompson, Spencerlan Inst.. Kewhurgh, 

^ • "^ 'i Materials necessary— No. i marking 

-,-7<T:S_j \ Ten. No. t* pliiin or min-shading. a bottle 
".^^^'' II "f blucb and one nf bright yellow ink. 

"\ A / i E will make copy about twice the size 
V/ V/ / of cut, or "caps" two and one-half 

-v inches and small letters one and one- 
■^*~^-'— ^ half inches in height. 

The fquares in cut represent the eame size as squares 
on your paper, if you uee cropsru'led paper. 

The lesson proper is only the words, " Sea Foam," the 
balance being entirely left to your own judgment. 

We first make the heavy strokes or letters with a No. 
4 marking pen and black ink. 

Aim for uniformity in width and spacing. Learn to 
space by your eyes— not a ruler. 

This is only intended as rapid, practical and fairly 
accurate off baud lettering. 

Notice whert* letters begin and end by referring to 
squares in copy. Make several copies, using only No. 4 
pen until you get it fairly well. 

We let it stand a few minutes to dry. We now come 
to the shading. This is done with No. 8 plain pen and 
bright yellow ink. Always keep your pen on same 
slant. Now begin at top of " S," keeping edge of your 
No, 8 pen just *' flush " with heavy strokes. 

Be careful to make all strokes perpendicular and hori- 
zontal, with but two or three exceptions. 

Learn to criticise your own work. Are all shades on 
same slant as in copy ? Try this many times. 

It makes a fine effect, very conspicuous and plain. 

I will now call your attention to the scrolls under the 
words. They are made with a No. 1 shading pen and 
pink ink. 

Strive for a free and easy curve. As for what follows 
1 do not insist on your practicing. You will find the 
pens named the most useful, and very desirable to have. 

Cat-tail stalks and leaves are made with No. 1 shad- 
ing pen and dark green ink. <Jat-tail is made with No. 
1 marking pen and brown ink. Wheat head with No. 2 
shading pen and orange ink. 

Notice the white spots. They are silver metallics, 
and give a fine, rich effect. To anply these, take a hat- 
pin with a head about thiee-eighths of an inch in diame- 
ter, dip lightly in some strong adhesive ink and touch 
paper with same. 

It will make a round dot; after it has stood a few min- 
utes pour on metallics. 

Tollieouf^Heiuliiiifiitbi-Hi work nii iliin If^Mtni Fiy itlnrcli 
■J5 I will srnil one dozen Im>iiIi'h of niitnmntM- ink. 
Illtxts atifl Ilrfps. 

If No. 4 pen leaves stringy strokes your ink is too 
thick. This may be remedied by adding a few drops of 
water— about 4 to li will be sufficient. 

If your pen is new and teeth seem closed up, take a 
slip of good, thin, tough paper and draw through them. 

You may experience some difficulty in keeping No. s 
from turning in your hand on account of its wide bear- 

. during the past three munlhs. Alioiii a;; 
Jived too late to Include in this month's group. We should he glad If 

ing surface. A remedy— wind with string around metal 
part, which will insure a firm hold. A better way is to 
get a piece of rubber tubing with hole in same a trifie 
smaller than penholder. Have this about two inches 
long, and slit from end to end. 

This can then be made to do for all your pens. It can 
be undamped in a minute and will always be clean, 
while the string will get soiled in your pen glass. 

The above will be found valuable in warm weather, 
as it will insure a firm grip when finger^ may be sweaty. 

Not as Good as It Will Be. 

The Journal is too good.— />'. //. Parrish, Onachita 
B. C\ Arkaflelphia, Arl: 

No, indeed. The Journal isn't too good— not half as 
good as it is going to be. We believe we can say with- 
out violence to our modesty, however, that it is giving 
twice as much for the money as anything else in sight— 
and there are some pretty good things in sight at that. 
We have set a new pace for '08. The fanciful and theo- 
retical will be subordinate to the practical. " To Be of 
Use " is the motto that we shkU try to live up to. How 
is this number for a starter ? 

The originator of the famous three "r" alliteratic 
'•readin'. 'ritin' and 'rithmetir." was Sir William Curtis 
Lord Mayor of London. In 1795 he proposed it as a toast 1 
fore the Board of Education. 

The editor's waste basket was 

A thing of willowy graces. 
With silken ribbon intertwined 

And fanciful with laces, 
Ydu see he meant the poet's lines 
Should fall in pleasant plaoes 

-Philadelphia Bulletin 
" I think I will have to buy ynu a dictionary," said the pi 
prietor. "You needn't bother yourself ; ii 

plied the typewriter. " i didu't think you did 

believe it V— every 





1$^14. uIUlniuunlibl^ eli'rtrii » 


cards, about three ply, sometimes as thin as two ply. 
Possibly ia a year or iwo the style will become the op- 
posite. They change much the same as wearing ap- 


The movement must be held well under control to 
write cards this style. Large letters muet be avoided. 
Sbtides where made should be light and by all means 
s'ujoth. Much of the beauty of the card lies in the ar- 
rangement. Tbenamemuetbein the center of the card, 
nn equal margin to the right and the left. By all means 
get every card straight, even if ruling is necessary to 
accomplish it. 

Any Questions addressed to me regarding this article 
will be answered through the colamns of this paper or 
by litter. 

Until further notice, subscriptions may 
be dated back to Dec. number so as to in- 
clude all of the •* 300 Pen Copies." 

Secretary Gage generally accommodates people with his 
iutograph who request it. but he always insists upon nlocing 
It at the very top of any paper offered, so that no order can 
ifterward be written above his name. 

Buffalo Aldermen have refused to appropriate any money 
for the instruction of public school girls in cooking. 

A letter addressed to " The Ornriest Man in the United 


in a few minutes. lil<e German Test or Old English. But 
when finished up in the right way it will be about as 
effective and beautiful as anything in the line of artistic 


Artistic Lettering. 

In the specimen herewith given it is intended to pre- 
sent a kiad of lettering suitable for headlines, etc. It is 
what we call a " Sicl,-els " letter, and one of the most 
beautiful for high-class engrossing. It can be shaded up 
in various ways and is always effective and taking. This 
is a style of lettering that requires considerable brush 
work in order to get the soft, delicate shades. Ifdone 
entirely with a pen it requires very skillful handling, and 
«ven then is apt to look a little hard ; so it is best to gen- 
erally get the effect with a brush. 

Of course the first thing to do in preparing a headline 
of this style is to make the curved lines, which can easily 
be done with a pair of dividers by changing the position, 
but care must be taken not to get the curve, if com- 
pound, too abrupt, as a bad curve in the lettering mars 
th3 beauty, although the letters may be well formed. 
Always keep in mmd the fact that a piece of work must 
be laid out properly and well arranged, or the most 
highly finished design loses its charm. Now sketch out 
your lettering in pencil. This will be found a bothersome 
letter to handle at first, but after becoming familiar with 
it things will go much better. After laying out the let- 
ters and getting everything in the right place, then take 
your water proof ink (if you use ordinary India ink the 
brush work must be done first after penciling) and work 
in all the black lines. A broad pointed pen the width of 
the black lines between the letters is best, using a tine 
pen to put on the fine points and minor touches. The 
brush work comes in nest, and this will be found the 
most difficult. Two brushes are necessary, one for water 
and one for color. What color to use is a matter of taste. 
The original of the design given in this lesson was done 
on light gray bristol board with Payne's gray and sepia, 
which make a beautiful soft tint and wash easily. 
India ink, although not so well adapted for brush work, 
will be all right if a little Payne's gray is added to make 
it flow more readily, and the tint is then much better for 
gray bristol board. There is no end to getting different 
shades with veater colors, and in order to understand it 
more fully it would be well to secure some treatise on 
the subject and study it up a little. 

The last part of all in this lettering when executed on 
gray board is to put on the white lines, which is done 
with Chmese white diluted with water — " white ink,'' 
as it is sometimes called. This also requires care and 
neatness or your work will not have a clean, sharp look. 
The beauty of this letter is to have it clear-cut, chaste 
•and elegant. It is not a letter that can be run off rapidly 

Card Writing. 


LAIN CARDS, both shaded and un- 
shaded, are treated in this article. 
It is hoped that all following these 
articles will go at the work this 
month with a will. Some, after 
trying la&t lesson's copies, became 
discouraged because they could not 
do as well as they thought they 
should. In time gone by 1 had the 
same difficulty, but I kept trying until I can now write a 
fair card. We must persevere if we would master this 

Matffifil.H, l*ositio}i and Movement 

are about the same as described in last article— black 
ink with a slight gloss, that makes a fine hair line, Qil- 
lott's Principality pen and good surface cards. Position 
same as for ordinary writing, muscular movement. 
Sttjtts of Writing, 

Aside from penmen and those interested in ornamental 
penmanship, the styles presented with this article are 
more often selected ihan the styles presented last 
month. There is a large class patronizing the card 
writer that will have only a plain card, yet do not want 
the copper plate style. One of the styles submitted 
herewith nearly always fulfills the desires of this class. 

Such styles are significant for their neatness and plain- 
ness. When well and accurately written, placed on tho 
card at exactly the right place, thty form a neatness, in 
the opinions of many, cot approached by any other 

rofnt Of Arr»nuji„„nt. 

Cards to be used in the city or town in which the 
party resides usually bear the street number only, in 
addition to the name, and according to the present cus- 
tom it is placed in the lower right-hand corner, as on No. 
U. Cards to be used when away from home should al- 
ways bear the full address, and are generally arranged 
as on No. 9. When the party's residence is a small 
town the street and number are, of course, omitted. 

Business cards shouli Bet forth one's name and busi- 
ness in the fewest words possible. The customary ar- 
rangement of such cards is much after the style of Nos. 7 
and 8. Because of the vast amount of writing required 
on such cards card writers can seldom quote prices low 
enough to secure orders for them. Patrons find it 
cheaper to have such cards printed or engraved, espe- 
cially in the quantity generally ordered, and they often 
answer the purpose as well as written cards. Hence the 
printer or engraver gets the work. 

St„teH of CanLH. 

There are in use about ten different sizes of plain 
square and oblong cards. Odd shapes, stylish edges and 
corners, and gilt and bevel edges are seldom used at the 
present time. The tendency leans largely to;;tbe thin 

i lone journey throunh the mails, ' 








:'?t5< e-di/X'^'t^^rf-?- 


54 fSmr^l4nma^Q7tit,0^cUAJS> 

What 300 Well-Known Penmen and Teachers Say About 


The most brilliaut idea 

what I have been looking for. By n 

ito school at the middle of the term Q 

ds practice on any par- 

advauced by The Joi'bn, 


of the nicely graded copies I am enabled to give new students coming into school at 

lly the same course as the rest have been over. Besides if I see that a student nee 

lar principle I can easily direct him in his work. It simplifies my work wonderfully. I 

I turn out a much better class of writers.— W. P. Mcintosh, Haverhill, Mass,. B. C 




\n ideal onterpriae. Eclipses anythine that we have ever been iu the line uf 

"1 business writing. 

Fredonia, N. Y., Acad, of Bi 

Founded on true principles, si^^..^ .« «oi«in? 
colp but produce the most satisfactory results, 

Great Falls. Mont,. C C. 
Far the most helpful feature 

n details, and cannot 

Capital City B. C . Charleston, W. Va. 
li inorc tfieorifs, hut Mtaterinf^are neftted. Your ne 
, is characteristic of the progressive spirit' always man 

very best result: 

National N. U . Lebanon. O. 

that the papers 8 

Westfleld. III., B. C. 
An excellent plan. 

Union Free School, White Plains. N. Y. 
im very much pleased with your new featuie 

Jamestown, N. Y., B. C. 
We hail your new plan with delight. 

Charles City, la. 
You have certainly struck the keynote this time. 


Manchester Ind.. B. C. 
Will prove an inspiration to many in their efforts l 
quire a Rood handwritinj?. 

Bradford C. C, Boston, Mass. 
I '.'1.^*'.'" ^'"""^ °' "i'*"' l)«neflt to your subscribers. My hope 
vaXlJoKhirKrandL^ea"'" """' ™^°^ '"^ '"P"'"-- °^- 

Jasper, Fla., Inst. 

The ]£ing of instruction features. It will afford a wider 
range of practice work and broaden the field of business 

Bliss B. C. Northampton, Mass. 

The most practical, enterprising and business-like sche 
that has ever appeared in a penman's paper. 

Leddin's B. C Memphis, Tenn. 

ring to the practice of penmanship and 

, Minn., C. C. 
Another step in the right direction. 

Brown's School of Bus., Kansas City, Mo. 

Elkhart, Ind.. Inst. 

An excellent plan to harmonize your work with that of 
our special penmanship instructor. I shall not stop sending 
you Bubs. until you have the name of every student 

Brown's B. C, Ott; 

Marlon, O., B. C. 
The moat practical thing I have ever seen. I shall use tho 
penmanship classes. 1 hafe often ironrlertd 

Salem, Mass., Com. Sch. 

The best thing ever published in The Jocrnal, which is 
so fruitful in good things. An inspiration to the student. 
A great help to the teacher. 

lique and practical th 

Sterling, 111., B. C. 
First-class both for the infant and adult penma 

S. W. B. C, Paris. Texas. 

.Supplies the traditional " long felt want " in the work 
the penmanship teacher, lue woiK 

BUS Nor. CoH..:Ft. Scott. Kans. 
J rem alveiKlii unini) these rnjnen ill iiij/ xicrk nnd am 
aetling 1,00,1 ,-f,i,(„. I am heartily in sympathy vfith the 

Union Christian Coll . Merom, Ind. 

Northampton, Mass., C. C. 

Warren, Pa., B. C. 


300 Qraded Pen][Copies in Rapid Business Writing. 



It covers tlie Bround fully. 


^Zi-^^ t 

Carlisle. Pa., B. C. 
"The world do move." Journal readers are toTb) 
f^ratulated upoD the new departure in penmanship for 1 

Washington. D. C; Business High School. 
Huntington, W. Va., B. C. _„, . . ^ , , ^ , 

The new feature makes The .Journal, alreadvCunequalcd ^'" '"' " «"■" ""'P •" learners and teacheis 

in Its line, of even greater value than ever. 

Grand Island, Neb.. B. C. 

Far in advance of anything heretofore attempted and de- 
serves the prai.*e of the entire profession, as it can be used to 
advantage by all. 

Packard's B. C, New York City. 
The greatest inducement ever offered by any penman 

Columbia Coll. of Com., Washington, D. C. 
The greatest move ever undertaken by a penman's publi( 


productive of good result 

Pontiac, Mich.. B. C. 
Should commfind The Jouhnai. to every pro 
teacher and ambi"'" ' ' 

Wichita. Kans., B C. 


Pei-ry's Mercantile Coll., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Far superior to any course ever Riven before. 


Breck School, Wilder, Minn. 

You have unveiled the missing link in the field of 'penmon- 
j ship. 

Bliss B. C, Lynn, Mass. 
Beyond doubt the most progressive step ever undertaken 
by a penmanship paper. 

Penman, Ellsmere, Del. 
i»t the thing for our pitbtic school iuipils. 

Supvr. Writing in Public Schools, All 

Becker's B. C. Worcester, Mass. 
1 think you express it when you say youlhave " struck ( 
lienmanship Klondike." 

Copies In my classes. 

West. N. C, Bushnell, 111. 
I heartily endorse the scheme' and will chip i 

York, Pa., School of Bus. 
Preeminently ahead of anything In this Hi 



Tlic plan 1 
•if orlniuBlit 
■Material for 


y iiosHPMHeN the deHirnble feature 

>n<l i y oiiiiiion »lll fiiruinh 

aer peiiiiieii'H papern to iinilnte 
11 coniF. It. It. SIIAFER, N. |:„ 


Denlson. la . Nor. and B. C. 

Greenwich. H I., B. C. 

Small Portraits and Signatures. 

Tbe Journal wishes to retain the small portraits and 
signatures which have appeared recently in its columns 
for use in a certain connection to be indicated hereafter. 
If any of onr fiiends want duplicates we shall be pleased 
.to send them upon receipt of cost, which is 30 cents for- 
eman portrait, 30 cents for fignatnre. 

Tbe price of The Journal in quantities is given oa. 
Page 50. 


cl^nmoA^ 07(100.^01^0/5 



MaDy designs are carried In stock 
(to be specialized by hand). We 
also make to order on short notice. 

of the highest grade furnished at a 
cnodcrate cost to any kind of School, 
whether One or ■ Thousand be re- 
quired. No shoddy type-effects I Otir 
goods have a national reputation for 
being Chaste, Artistic, Correct. 

itf;^ ^^rilmr'Ud'mt: 

..„.„./,./'■ ,/./../,.,.' ....//../ 

«/,•//, ''-„■/ ''i,/r->/. ■>i.,.'/-'- 

(Tliiii ai':.liiiHii'.i;il ;ig.ijfa!nijfinilr ul'-^nii'maliiiii 

(il\ I. \ 




^J^^ f ''%«,^ 

- .S^IW8lMfe^J»3- 

^'i/////r//^//j^/^>¥/ ... y 


put ofi attending to this till the 
"Rush Season " sets In and hun- 
dreds of schools are scrambling for 
what they can get. You get more 
for the money now. Write to 

to tell us when you write: (0 The 
kind of School ; (2) Approximately 
the nun ber required. If you want 
specimens, mention this adv. 

Liu:x:s «*; zioxjXjXBS'SkOBa' c;o., ao2 

«.<z>./*.i>"W".A.'y, "E^isrsfsr iroitit. 

j Qy^U,CL£ictAa.S 

ading for them, the 
andlcd. Be sure to 



tabllsbed 1860. BuBlnesa. shorthand, PeninanBhtp, 
Write for full 


CATAL0QUe5 of The CaplUI City Commercial 

CoUe(?e and the Capitol Clty School 

■pIUI City CI 

CUy School of 
_ _ Ing students. Address 

MEHAN & McCADLEY. DesMolues, Iowa. These 
Institutions are flrs^class business training schools. 


Mcpherson, Kansas. 

Lessons bv mull. Sample artistic writing— poetry. 25c. 
Sample qt. of my famous tine flowing Ink, nrepald, 
^.Ic. A plioto engraved pen study 14 x 17 Inones.SOc. 
The above 81 worth all for fifteen 2 cent stamps. 

W. M. Engel, Readlns:, Pa. Artistic letter, isc. ; 


C* A* FAUST of Chicago 

Sells Shading Pens, Inks and Sup- 
plies at the bottom notch. Send 2c. 
for circulars. 

5BND 35 CENTS for tine specimens of Writlnc. 

Lettering and F' " "' ■"' ' ■ -• 

ling. Can't help 1 
Inclnnatl, O. 
P. B. S. PETERS, Manual Training HIkH School. 

Kansas City, Mo., has a new plan of giving lesaonf^ 
by mall In Penmanship. Book-keeping or Shorthand. 
Arf you Interested ? 

10c. , 

-12 les- 

. Carfare paid. 

^O^BuslnaBS Collesa Co. 

Basbvtlle. Uenn. 

Guarantee Position. Accept noteg for 

posit money in bank till posi 



Indoreed by Bankers, Merchants, and others. Bookkeep- 
ing, Penmanship, Shorthand, Typewriting, Telegraphy, 
eW. Pour weeks m Bookkeeping with ua equals 12 else- 
where. No vacation. Enter any time. Boaid^lO. To order 
rbooke for home study ia next best things '-' 

IcbooU. Wnte L 

C Mention this paper.) 


for Its high grade courses, ph 
■ms, advanced accounting, practi 
allectures. Write for free speclmi 
lule's great works. The Science and 
:count8and the Philosophic Practlci 

W. J. riARTlN. Le Mara. Iowa. Ai tlourlihed let- 
ter 20i\ Drawing and penmanship taught by 
mall. 5 dllTerenteets engravers' copper-plate cap- 
itals, with Initructlons for card wrlttug, 50c. 

WHAT Hammond says atraut Castronoffrapby. 
A 18 p.ige booklet with beautiful specimen of 
knife work sent for 10c. Best blank cards. Lowest 
prices. Samples free. L. W. HAMMOND, Ba- 
tavla, N. Y. 

niS5 ELLA E. CALKINS, Zanerlan College, Co- 

- -- -- ■ styles, 15c " 


Learn to Write Your Name. 

Send irie your name written in full and '^a. 
and I will send you one dozen or more ways of 
writini? it, with instructions, or send nie 60c. ant) 
receive 24 or more ways, or $1 and receive 3(i or 
more ways. Circular and price-list addressed li> 
my own hand for 2e. stamp. Address 

A. E. PARSONS, freston, Iowa. 


tario. iSthyear. W.B.ROBINSON, J. W JOHN- 
SON, F. C. A., principals for 19 years. Most widely 
attended business college In America. Address 
ROBINSON & JOHNSON. Belleville. Ontario, Can. 


W. H. SHAW, Principal. Cfnfral Biisiness Col- 
lege. Stratford. Ont., W.J. ELLIOTT, Principal, 

ehoola, well-known through- 
for superior work. 



verslty. Grand Building, Peachtree St., Atlanta,aa 


supply. Catalogue 

free. R. A. BRUBECK. Principal, 


NESS COLLEGE. Open throughout the year. Stu 
dents may enter at any time. Catalogue free. 
Louis vUle, Ky. 


IPBNCBRIAN Commercial and Shorthand School 

Cleveland, Ohio. Established IH48. Incorporated 
180 J. First B. & S. College. Illus. circulars free. 



School of Shorthand and Penmanship, Lowell, 
Mass. No vacation. Journal free. GLICK& YOUNG. 

flew lorft. 


140 8ovUh «th St.. 


Prospectus and Commence 


Supt. and 

v. S., RIchmond.'ind.'HisER'BROS.' PUBLI^ SCHOOL 

LESSONS, $2.5j. 

onally or by letter. HENRY 
C. WRIcJfiT. PrlnclpaL 
wego. N. Y. Oond positions secured all short 
hand pupils when competent. Book-keeplny and 
penmanship by flrst-class teacher. Spanish tauKlit 
by a native Spaniard from Spain. All tliese 
branches taught by mail, also Spanish shorthand 
by the Graham and Benn Pitman systems. Clr- 
■" 1 and first lesson in shorthand free. "'"'•-• 

file, N. Y. 


of wide reputation. 

R. M. J0NB5. Pen Artist, lo Mahon Avenue, 

"ttsburgh. Pa. One doz. assorted cards, 25 cts. ; 
ique specimens of pen work, 26 cts. ; resolutions. 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 
,. euitrossed. 

rt A A A a, month my r 

O U U U received froin 

leather card 
C.'R.'RUNNfeLLS, 9630 

Orders have been 

calling cards. I will send 6U, 

free a lovely 2-pockei 

for lOe. sliver 10 cards 

'ards and the card case. 

Seeley Ave., Chicago. 2-3 

for 50c. and give free a lovely 2-pocke 
will be sent; for 25c. one dbz, cards and 

e •3.00, cards 13 cents. All k 

Kansas City, (llssourl. 

Lessons by Mall In all branches of Penmanship. 
'>r copies and instn 
Terms Reasonable. 

Superior copli 

.^. , ^ _ Made and Cuts 

Furnished. AM kinds of Pen Work Executed. 

Powder for 1 pt. Elegant Glossy Black Ink. . |0,35 

Bottle Unequaled White Ink, prepaid 25 

1 dozen Unbeatable Written Cards 25 

Circular Free. 




good posltli 


isson FREE. When competent : 
sltloiis for all pupils. Address. „ 

CHAFFEE, - - Osweeo. N. Y. 


and Earn 
Good Salary. 


•• Auto 


offered ti 



reproduced by the Satlno Print 
anything i 

Ideas for the- 

rust or siuaent than 
the public. 


Illustrated circular giving full description and 
J^ ■ thorlt; 

CO.. Fredonla, Kansas. 


The only practical and 
up-to-date pen wiper on the 
market. No penman should 
be without one. Nickel 
Plate finish and ornamental 
i usefuL By mall. 

Get < 


; of the 

Box 8. Elsmere. Dela. 

125th Street, New York. N. Y.. receives Day <. 
ents from "the Greater New York." These 
known sehnoli?, under one management, but 
haTlng a separate faculty, are designed t" 
the best practical training for mercantile 
The schools also supply business men witn t 
factory assistants, and secure positions for 
peteni atudents. Terms moderate. No vacat 
Catalogue free. CAKRINGTON GAINES, President. 



clsio. For 30 vears the largest private school west 
■ pupils now prosperous 


Military Institute, 



THOROUQH COURSES In Buslnesa, Shorthand 

anil T.vnpwrltlug. Enslisli Training. Normal Triilii. 


ta?" THK USE OF curs . _ 

departure from the general style o/ display will 
C'M( 6fl per cent, extra. 


So. 00 pays for a (S months' course ir 
at Si. 00 per mouth in advance). 
A Certificate of Merit awarded 
the one improving most. Diplo- 
ma given worthy pnpils complet- 
ing the course. Send ISc. for one 
of my dashy written letters (ar- 
tistic style), set of caps and full 



plain or ornamental -writing (payable 

Hi College. ITiU 

Write to 


Dra^vv'er T, 



For Automatic Shading Pens, Inks, Copybooks, Mail Courses in 

"Auto.," Crossruled Paper, and supplies of all kinds. 



, Dubuque. Iowa, i 
19, Pasadena, Cal., 

Bn.vless Bus. College, says: 'Book 



Send stamp for color sheet, circular, price-list, etc., and receive your name and ad 

width for six 2c. stamps. 


Lessons by mall by the month 1 
Writing and Public School Drawing, 
-7c. per doz. Fancy cardF ""■'■ •■•' 
2x28 for SI. 25. A." 

M. 8. B. College. 

vice for ruling cards 


C. A. 

1 Book-keeping. 
Plain caras at 
Flourished staer 

The Bergman Patent Vertical Writer. 

Whnttlu' AiitliorofMillH'sCompeDdium 

ofVerticnl Writinc hhvh nboiit it i 

" I have tried your new pens for vertical writing ana 
find that they are a great aid In writing the vertical- 
They should have a large sale." E. C. Mills, Rochester. 
N. Y. No. 1, medium tine pen. for schools and genera* 
correspondence. Costs but a cent at stationers , or 
sample mailed for a a cent stamp. I'-i V 

THE BERGMAN PEN CO., Fort Madison, Iowa. 

Time and Money Saved 

hy takins our " Auto " Mail ICorse. loi.l buying: 
"Auto " supplies ot us 

The" King o( 'Auto' Artlsis," bus lull charge of 
the Mail (bourse and Art work. 

Our Siclt Inst rueting "Auto " Copy Books out- 
class all others. We do not trust the wtrk in 
these b(>'>li^ to ^tii'tr nts luid second tale artists. 



1 the market. San 



Reference : STATR n-\NK, Fre.l'm la. K an 

mjkeIoney with the pen. 

For Pr.ifitahic Home Work (writ 

I" CO.. 


ith 2-( 

nt bta 



p for color sheet, 
in a fine, artistic i 

nd for it. 

Tiber, you can have yc 


. by return mail, the cutest card you e 
leat little present for your girl. . • . 

■ money back if all goods 

15c. for yo 

represented, or 



-The Art IvniijanshlnCo., o[ CleTelanil, Ohlo.lic 
em ii.'nl i><i«lrl..ii in lli'-lr line nt liiislness, Thi 
iiinai.'H Assoeljitlon will Inu-reHt every reader 

T"' A T TCT'^O Automatic Shad- 

r AUO 1 C);"^|PenInksarc 




■Mant" m>Q. 

4no tuch /leaied rejilief in an envelope addresited to 
Tne Penman'it An Journal, ?(>;' Brtjodwau. New 
York. Pontaoe niiut be miU for fonoardina Cala~ 
toguet, NewirpaveTg, Pholoi/rapb*. Ac. 

Sttuattons TRflantea. 

TinBPEN.1I A^■■i^ltT.I<)l HXAl.TKACIl. 
eUH' l-c'iimiiu«liip. lOin. 
tiieniiil. niKi ^liorlliiinil mill i> ui-nrilinu 
briiiHlM'-xM'h. II liiiiiuBli'UL'lK'ri.HuiliicuaolB 

i>"ii»i>r" /iiiil i.'ii.lii'i'M ennblrii Ihc munniic- 
iiii-Di ii> -•■)(■• I ;:iiiiil icuchersforKOOflni-hools. 
SiiiiiM III- i^ I liii r'u<-<l I lie teaclier t no rbnrae I., ihr .. iK.ol, ItrliBbleiiubaoUsrrk- 

■ 111, Mii.liir,.. jtii.l ui'll iiuiillOt'il. rrllnlili' 
K'lirlKi^ xiUiRu i.hHi'.. nrc'irnnleil liir our 
li.l.. \.. i,lh. I. 1.1 Allilri-i.« l'K\- 

EAI .-tU-i llrciiiilH.i^. \i" Vorli. 
IlEACIIKKor Miiii , , .1 ..,..i,,,n, ii i..: 
. typewrlllDg. ppt-llh.. i ! ■' 
writing Is r)p II for ii < ' ii 
eclioul. OviTiayearM i. . Ii 

Sustness (Opportunities. 



Ink, pi^ulioldei 

column to put you lu ( 
The price is S'^.50 each i 

, commercial 

Till? [s Cbe 

Gonmiercial Teactter Wanted. 

h.n.l anil typewrltniK 
iloiimanHhlp. i-omni.r.l il 1 . 
■urftnctipa. '',u> ' ' 

Pitman sbort- 

•with Wllllaiii- 
height lift.; in 
nalary. Atldi ■ 


EACHER of penmanship, book-keepin 

I rF J CAN .IUi..i-!c or mv Bm<\h. 

ckInK for that ; 

aud Shorthand 

jiiptlns offer to 

Si'iiool estiib- 

mKhschnoI, unlv 

9 colleRL- training'. 
Familiar with 


■WllUamiii & Rocers' Book-keeplug. Health excellent; 
unmarrli'il. Uood references Moderate salary. 

nesa colieKe. but prefers plai 
anal school. Uood English training. 18 years' 
nnce. Ha» aUohad experience Id teaching sho 
Familiar with Wllllims & Koger? syB'em. 
«xcellent: unmarried. Fair salary. Address 
O.," care Penman's Aut Jour.sal. 

PENniANSUIPand drawing are my spei 
Can assist la book-keeping and all the c 
Ijranches. Graduated from normal college, 
taught eleven terms. Familiar wltU Willi 
Rogers' Book-keeping. Health good; age : 
iiiiarried. Qood references. Low salary. . 
•• U. H. E.." care of Pensian's Art Jovrsal. 


the subjects taught In a commercial school. Grad- 
uated from llrst-cldss college. Also completed course 
iln Bhorthand and tvpewrltlDg Rlx years' teaching 
experience. Good iiealtb; age 25; unmarrlei. Fa- 
miliar with Williams & Rogers and Ellis systems. 
•Ooofl references. Moderate salary. Ready June 1, 

Familiar with Bryant & Strattou nud .Smltl 
systems. Health good ; age 3;i ; married. Qooii r 
ences. Moderate salary. Ready any time. Ad( 

ship, book-keeping and tierman language, Grad 
^mt«»d from high school and attended business college. 
■Considerable leaching experience and also or 8 
years as book-keeper aiul amanuensis In offices. Cer- 
tified teacher of Benn Hitman shorthand and familiar 
with Itryanl's New Uommerclul Book-keepinjt Health 

fiatary. Ready no 

irrted. Good retei 

I TEACH book-keeping, arithmetic, (rrammar. all 
the common English branches and can assist In 
teaching hegionera In Graham shorthand. Graduate 
of academy, normal school and business Institute. 
Seven years' teaching experience. Familiar with 
Ellis system lu book-keeping. Health good; age 2.3; 
unmarried Good references. Moderate salars. 
Ready April. '98. Address "B.S. M.," care of Pus- 
NAX's Art Jodrsal. 

fWlEACIIGR of book-keeping, arithmetic. Gregg 

_^- of Book-keepmg, Satisfactory references fur- 
nished upon api-Ucatlon. Low salary. Address "N. 

"VITANTED.-Hrflt class-penman, engrossing artist 
B position in large 

• '■coming year. "PENMAN 
I r,l,-AI{0|1M> f'OM'l, 

and Packard 

coll. ;iri r.rr, ii, urn south of Washington. D 
'i)om<- ijidinv \\\ 111. I lake good business ^ _ 
Falrs,iiar.\ sum k r.-ffreuces. Address' STRONG," 
Dra«frA, t;, l.^<■.-u^Ml■|..K. I. 

Ueacbers Mantc&. 

EKS* nilKEAl'. IV-iimunsblp, Com 
mcrcinl, nnd nborlliand and typenritini 
bmuchenonly. It brlusH teachers and Ncbooli 
<osollier, A large acquafatauoe amonj 
MchnolH iiud loaclier!* i.>nablc!« tbe manaue 
anvnt to select kuimI teachers l«r sood (.cbooU. 
Suiall fee ii« oharaed the leacbei- i no charue 
Is made to tbe Hcbool. Heliuble HcbooUNeek- 
Inft leacberit. and well qualified, reliabh 
4eacber» iteiking places are wanted foroui 
llMts. No oibers need apply. Addretts PEN 
Sf^r';?^.A.«.'tJ"";«^^*^ TEACHERS' BU 
KKAlf.tlOv Bruaun *" «• -_i 

Schools ifoc Sale. 

Cause for selling. 

I be considered. 

lemandlng attention. Addri 

taken In a single year. Fully equipped for 10( 
pupils. 100 oak tables (single seat), two oak book 
rases, two Remington tybewriters (olTlce beautlfull; 
furnished; 62 yds. Body Brussels), bank costlne ?I5U 

ISO chairs in school r -^=i-_ _u_i_- .._!,_-( 

and Id oak. 

Have struck something better or won 
sf'hool for $1,000 cash. Address at < 
NESS," care of Penman's Art Joornal. 

SCHOOL. FOR SAIiE. A prosperous s 
O equipped Buslnesr "'" — ' — * '' ' — ~ 
turlng oltylof 40,000. : 

O equipped Business College located in . 

* '-'-f 40,000. surrounded by a good farming 

In Pennsylvania. This school will yield 
a handsome yearly Income If well managed. Pur- 
chaser muetbea practical business educator and comn 
well recommended. For further particulars address 
" A. M.," care of Penman's AitT Jourx.yl. 

A Rare Opportunity. 

FOR SALE.— A Business and Shorthand School 
lu an Eastern city. Owner's reason for ielUng— poor 
health. This Is an unusual onoortunltv. for ueoole 
having a good thing ; 

chools offered for sale a 

writer imagines 

r has gotten the c 

tof his mind i 

after a year's debating while struggling with i 
" " reluctantly 1 .-..--. 

thoroughly good school, that 

" oils, annual grai" ' 

attendance this 

30U3 students on its rolls, annual graduatlni 
classes of from 70 to 90, an attendance this year of 
upward* of 400; a school whose twelve years of con- 
scientious and continuously successful work, toftether 
with $IHOOO spent in advertising It. has made Its 
name a household word In Its own and adjoining 
States; any one who wants a school whose foiinlu- 
tl'>n for a future long and successful career is prob- 
ably unsurpassed, and one which therefore does not 
need to be built up, though capable of greater devel- 
opment, will find ^ .. .^ .. . . ., . 
have its standing 
(10,000. Cheapei 

s of fifteen hundred doll: 
purchaser by the latter 

purchaser by payri 

B In this one. Few schools 
II nonor the purchaser. Price 
ft $500 school. Terms : (pref- 
f cash and owner to retain a 
< be bought ( 

,91,500) a 

lars ($1,200) a year. Satisfy i 

t a salary of twelve hundred dol- 

repty, and do i 

about yourself t( 

nanagement. Addn 

standing In you 




Proprietor has other . _ _ 
for particulars and price. Addn 

O YOU WANT A SCHOOL? If so, here Is 
»ur chance. A Business College located in an 
■Ising city in Penn., with no competition nearer 
I mites, win sell reasonably, over 100 pupils 
daily attendance. New furniture, elegant 
all conveniences, rent low, good reputation. 
—^ making opportunity for a young bustler. 

\0 YOr WANT a school a 

for you. 
Rooms specially t 

^rprialng city in Pa., 

L Business College located i 

igood reputation. Equipped t 

• this work. The school I 

venlence. Proprieto 
work. Will s 

e of Penm 

i bargain. Address " KEYSTONE, 
r Journal 2-3 


RemoveB writing Ink without leaving a stain, 
;^oat8 you 4c.. sells for 60c. la easier to make than e 
;up of tea. This formula for 2Uc. 

C. M. KLEIN. MlUervlUe, Minn. 



...Over 50 Designs... 

in Script, Coiiibiuatioiis, Lettering, Etc. 

A work new and fresh from the pen of 


They are going at (io cts. while they last. 

Address. -F. B. COURTNEY, 
McDonaKI Business Institute. MILWAUKEE, WIS 


Paid SS 

Wyo. Box 

0<><M><><> <>0-0-0<><> <KKK><K> <? 


The perfect train — 

: quickest time- 
Chicago to Los Angele: 

W. J. BLACK, Q.P.A., Topeka, Kan. S 

. HiaOINS, A.a.P. A., Chicago. 9 
> 000000 000000 OOOOOOO 

"Art in the Schoolroom." 

id list of hl,^h cla: 

address upon receipt of 10c. In 

Pine Art Pubiishers, 14 Bast 33d Street, 

NBW YORK. 2-3 


I ' office, schgol or h{ 

■^ 4fn"d. Osgood & Co,. : 

How to See the Point and 
Place It: 

Punctuation Without Rules ol Grammar. 

book of forty pages 

ildly by example. Many people 

siuuiea English, Latin and Greek Qramntai . 

careless and slovenly punctuators. This book Is 

By Mall ao cts. ' "ll-y 

LACONIC PCBUSHING C0.» 123 Liberty St., N. Y 


teach aiudentsan excellent handwriting. 
...» -^j ..and. Price, nickel plated. 2.^c.: sliver 
plated, 35c.: gold plated, 50c. Pen and holder with 

Special prices to schools and colleges. 


sending a club of (j at 25e. each will get 

liver plated one f rt 

gold plated one for a club 


Penman Chicago Bus. Coll., Chicago, 111. 


They write the smoothest and last the ' 
longest. Ask your dealer lor 


or mention Penman's Art Journal and , 
send i6 cents for samples worth double the , 

JOS. DIXON CBflClBLE CO.. Jersey CIty.N. J. 

Tbe above cut rcDreseuts Robblns's Rapid Calcu- 
lator, the mo^t complete and comprehensive work on 
the subject of Bapld Business Figuring ever published. 
It Is a book 6x9 Inches, containing 284 pages, prlnt^'l 
on Double Enamnled Paper, with uold Edges, elf- 
gantly bound in Red Morocco, handsomely embossed 
fn gold and should be in the hands of every teacher 
and every private student in the Doited States. Every 
rule Is thoroughly explained and Illustrated. Sent t" 
■ ■ ■ elpt of price. $2.50 lu 

Just the thing for practice in connec- 
tion with " 300 Pen Copies." 



Unruled, Ruled and Wide Ruled. 

Put up In half-ream (500 sheets) packages. 

For Peumaiislilp Practice, L,etter> 

Heads, Etc. 


In 35 Ream Lots, Per Ream, $ 

A Sintle Ream, - - - 1.40 
One-Half " 75 

Goods sent by freijfht or c.vpiess at purclias 
er's expeose. Orders ftir 5 reuras or more- 
should be placed far enouKh ahead to allow 
the i)aper to be shipped by fi-eight— the cheap- 
est way. 

Cash must accompany all orders for pupei. 
Price is too low to allow any mari?in for bill- 
makinff and booklteeping. Address 


202 Broadway, New York. 
USE Our Ledger & Linen Papers. 

Sample Book Free. CrMie Bro3., Westfield. Mass. 

Only a dollar for what may be worth $1,000 to 
L. C. Hort«n 8avs;"When I look at the sp^end^fl 

copies of the ' 100,' I envv 
a chance to adopt a hanu 1 

adopt'a hand after the style of such bigli 

lars and sample copies enclose a dime, or 
five two-cent stamps. 

1840 N. 3ist St.. - Philadelphia, Pa. 

The Colorado " - 
Teachers' Agency. 

' assist teacheit ^,. v,.,^-,.„„.^ ,„..^^,...„. . . . 

Inquire into our method, satisfy yourself of 
our reliability, and then Join us 

2-3 FRED. PICK Manager. Denver. Colo. 


•The Boys' High 

I has a register of i 

department, Pernln Shorthand was added t 
sted June 3(i. 1897. after ~ • ."—-.- ^«.._=^ 

"—Prof. H. O. Ber.v: 
Dce the Introduction 

'tf5. The nrst class i, 

e 111 the commercial 

iventy weeks each. Durluif theife t 

The total number of hours devoted to class ii 

public schools of these cltle: 

. thePerulciShoitl 
■n when written at 

r hlKl) r 

■ become thelargest in America, nnd perhaps 
1. N. Y. 

mploys neither shading nor position to de- 

s of speed, 1 And that it retains Its legibility 

s Pernlu to all."— G. F. Wyvell, Official Court Keporn 


troWrf/'— Prok. P. B 

"For Court He 
tract fro -nsiH'f.i, 
raark<-d dfuret'. 1 

Judicial Dif.1., M<. „. 

( Hr. Wyvell heM (he position before he wa« 15» years old, eaminp $2.C0i) a year.) 

The PERNIN employs neither SHADING nor POSITION, and is learned for office 
work in 6 to 12 weeks. Taught by 800 leading schools. 

Complete SeLF-INSFRUCrOR. $i.oo Money refunded if not satisfactory. Book sent to edu- 
cators for examination. Free lessons and circulars. Write. 

H. M. PERNIN, Author, Detroit, Mich. 



Business men supplied with competent Stenographers. Schools fnrnisheil with 
thoronghly qualified Teachers. Papils admitted any time. No vacation. 

Terms moderate. Send for catalogue, 
(Jy F". E3. DEIHXj, Fr»l3:^aip6Ll. 



la referem-e to the statement pnblisheil in the Report of Commissioner of 
Education for ISS7-SS, viige9il, and which reads : "The Benn Pitman System is 


THE American System:" Dr. Harris wrote in a letter to Pernin's Monllilj/ Stenog- 
rapher under date of April 23th. 1S93. as follows : 

"The cleik who had In hand the special article for the Report ol 
1888, in which the statement occurs regardini; the American Sys- 
tem of Phonography, was a clerl< not familiar with shorthand. 


6r Kear.s of Steady Development and Progress. 

McK ££'£ 

' la^'ny^z^Ay^^Z^- 



The most simple and legible system in use. No positions. Vowels written as they occur 
1 the word without lifting the pen. No prefixes or suffixes to hinder in writing. 






Wc have something of special interest to offer teachers of shorthand and solicit their cor- 
respondence. Instruction by mail a specialty. Text book $1.60. Address 

McKEE PUB. CO., 617 Main St.. Buffalo, N. Y. 


GET 4 


13 $1.! 


-Is more than a. Fad 1 

JAC. TYPEWRITING, the oriuic 
book. Hnve ho't pub'r's balance last et 
to move Quick ! Price reduced. 
3 $1.00 200 pp., 8vo. No exp 


50 r; 




equaled by few, and is growing in popularity 
e very day. it is universally conceded, even by 
the authors of other systems, that Mr. Mun- 
son's latest work the Art of Phonography, 
is the most perfect and complete short-hami 
text-book ever yet produced. There are 
more Munson writers in official positions as 
tourt reporter!*, etc., than of any other system. 
ThLs fact ought to be a sufficient guarantee of 
its superiority. We teach other systeoQS, such 
as Pitman, Graham and Barnes, but we consider 
the Munson by far the be^t and most leg ble. 
Our pupils can read each others' notes and can 
transcribe their own notes nfter i hey are cold." 
—Peqnod Business O'llcQC, Meriden, Uonn. 


Price. Si.ttO, |>i>i.t-i>ni<l. 

Llhi-ral .llscount to schools. Write for clrculurs. 

Munson Phonographic Publishing Go,, 



are ideal pomrv im ^ ic^i l ul and quiet 
The han.lsouif larw.' 


sailing every week-day from New York 
for these resorts offer the additional at- 
traction of a short and invigorating sea 
trip, under the most favorable conditions 
of cuisine and accommodations. 
For full Information, apply to 

Old Dominion Steamship Co., 

Pier a6. North River, New Vork. 
W. L. auiLLAUDEU. Vice -Pre*, and Traffic M(rr. 


— should know how. 

„ ■ .-. Free Particulars to 

W. G. CHAFFEJi;, Oswego, N. Y. 




Quickly learned 
Work uaUorm. ac 

The Wonderful Machin 

train of eyes, 
icfuraie, caav and rel 
Ineo rented on trial. 



I.ouifi. Mo. 

Commercial Law Teachers 

nntl othtTH who want to keep posted right up to 
diitt^ on the law, or to pursue a regulfr course of legal 
study, lit home. In Mpare time. ne«rt KoNeuberg:crV 
l.nw ;>loiirbly, the - BusUiesa Man's Law Journal '■ 
It covers the whole Held. It answers questions. It 
maintains a Home Study L.hw C'lat^^*. furnlshloi 
free all needed help, and a department for dlscussloi 
of Commercial Law Class met; 
etc. _ Three months, on trial 

BEKGER, 11)21 Opera House BIk.. Chicago. 

I, furnlshlDg 

riment lor disc 

inds, giving the 
. 25 cents. Siiuiiilr 
Address J. L. ROSEN 

30th Year 


H EyHRT State 
T Officials 

rhe American College and Public 
School Directory 

Contains Claasifted Lists aiid Addresses for the entire 

7. Schools of Jledlclne— Regular, Eclectic and HomcB^ 
opathlc. 8. Schools of Dentistry. 9. Schools of Phar- 
macy. 10. State Superintendents. 11. CountySuper 
Intendents. Also leading— 12. City Superintendents. 
13. Principals. 14. Assistants, etc. Gathered from 
Official Sources and revised to date of Issue. 

Price. S3.00 Net. 

C. H. EVANS & CO., 

'All Shorthand writers In t 

dlncations."— 1 

ISEST syHteni of shortbrnul, and 

Ltltudedueto iRaac Pitman n^ 

. W. T. Ha 

, U.S. Comn 

r oC Education. 

hlch forms the busl^ 

Falling then into ihf t 


My study of Phouographybegan In 1837. 

ighly, anfl n-- 


'" """""3n.('/; '■■■ ■'■ ■ ■ ■■'■'iiorur , 


ry for their fc 
}on irhich speed 

1 accelerate motion, bii ' 
irriting prlnrlpalhi dr/K 
, the result of which /ir'^ 

1th the fienii Pitman aystem. which ! practiced for about 
•th'it h,.r,f„nf form always promohd »,),■■:/ in trritlng.l 

If fni- rii.f.iir Hip flame leoRth of ttnn' . ■ I ii ni II -■■■\ Hi,. Henn 

■isumedextra ttme i» I ' •',-„<-ces- 

iNii, that too niAnv iimii . i i , ., i i.„,io,t 
■ ■■'■•itorj/ to auoh t 

I Busli 

":/'..ui>fc»on thatthlsn 
'•/ thi: othrr systems."- 
\ Oauttda. 

YvrlEN ASKED TO EXPBRinENT (at your own 
nd that tlip Isaac Pitman was the Original systen 
in 1837, anti with Its Hany Improvements has been Fort 


Officially adopted and used tu the Public Sclioolaor New York and Brooklyu. Specimen pagea free. 

tS- Write for " The New ii«. The Old." or The Isaac Pitman Phonography t's. Benn Pitman, 
fJraham and others. By W. L. Masrm. Official Instructor in Phonography in the New York Pub- 
lic Day Schools. Also for 16 page catalogue and specimen of tlie " Werkly Plioiiitic .Iniirnnl." and 
•'PitmairaSliiiithaiidWeeklii." (The only shorthand iwcWics published in any sy.stem) Addre.5 

ISAAC PITMAN & SONS, Publishers, 

The Phonogpaphle Depot, - - - S3 Union Square, New York. 

Take Lessons at the .Metropolitan School of .Shorthand. 1.56 Fifth Ave., N. W. Cor. 20th St. 

Ele\ut()rs Day and Night. Private Lessons at Class Rates. Circulars Free. 

Will remove about Aorll 1st. 1898, to l?ll Fifth Avenue. 


The New York agent of the English firm of Isaac Pitman & Sons asserts that 
" Isaac Pitman's Shorthand " is now the Leading System, and to maintain the claim 
quotes Dr. W. T. Harris, U. S. Commissioner of Education, as follows : 

" It will be seen in the chapter giving the statistics of instruction in Short- 
hand in the United States that the system mainly followed is that of Isaac 
Pitman."— E.vtract from " Shorthand Instruction, " published by Bureau 
of Education (Washington, D. C), 18it3. 

(Signed) W. T. Hakkis, Commissioner. 


Mr. James E. Mtuison, the well-known author of phonographic text-booka 

wrote Dr. Harris (Dec. 15, 1894) asking him to state : 

" Whether you intended by thoFe words to conrey the idea that Isaac Pit- 
man's Tentb Ulth] Edition of Phf>nography— the system as taught in his 
pres^ent text-books— is the one mainly followed in tho United Staws, or that 
Pitmanic Phonography— the system of phonetie shorthand originated by 
Isaac Pitman, but now presented In the te.vt-books of other auth'>rs as well 
as his own. notablv in this country in the w(irks of Renn Pitman, Graham, 
Munson, etc., is the one mainly followed in the United States." 

To which Dr. Harris answered (Dec, 17, 1894) : 

'* i hasten to repl.vtlmt I used the e.vprcsslon precisely in the latter 
sense, and not in the tormer sense." 

The chapter giving statistics, referred to by Dr. Harris in the first of the two 
foregoing quotations when analyzed, shows that in 1893 the Isaac Pitman system, as 
published by the English firm, was used by but 6.7:; of the teachers of Phonography 
in the United States, while the Benn Pitman system stood at the head, and was 
used by 34.7;;', being almost exactly as many as the next three highest systems com- 
bmed— and the Isaac Pitman system was below these* 

It therefore appears trova the evidence fidduced by Isaac Pitman & Sons that 
the published statement of Dr. Harris's predecessor in office is justified by the facta 
and that "The Benn Pitman System is more generally taught than any 
other in this country and may be called the American System." — {Report 
of Co/nmissioner of Education for 1H8T-HM, ^jr/yt' 937.) 

Send for Catalog and " Modifications of Pfionograpliy — Wise and Otlier- 
wisc." Specimen of Phonographic Magazine Free. Address 


Cincinnati. Ohio. 


^ Another of the many reasons of the great popularity and success of \ 

I Office Routine and Bookkeeping \ 

^ is the fact that it is thoroughly educative. While much thought and labor were expended in the effort ^ 
%. to make the work attractive, the chief endeavor was to make it educative. In seeking to accomplish this 
^ much-to-be-desired result the author adhered strictly to established pedagogical principles, and did not 
OS overlook the fact that in an educational work 

^ Quality is More Important than Quantity. 

^ Much careful attention was given to the selection of the transactions used to illustrate the princi- 

^ pies of bookkeeping and the routine of office practice, with the result that the work is practically self- 
^ teaching. From the large number of unsolicited letters of commendation for this work which we have 
«j received we print herewith a few brief extracts. 

The TRIAL and the VERDICT. ^ 

" Your Office Eontine and Bookkeeping is proving a great success, and I am much pleased with the resalta " " Our class in Office Routine and Book- R/ 

keeping is doing excellent work. We are all delighted witij it— pupils, teachers and parents." " It is by far the best I have ever seen. Every pupil takes W^ 

great pride in getting the work done in the best pDSsible manner " "It we could only bring our students to write a hand like that in these vouchers, we ^ 

would make a great reputation tor our business colleges." - I am delighted with your Office Routine. The subject is presented in a very interesting and ^ 

logical manner." " My students are so fascinated with it that they often neglect their other studies for it. I am more than satisfied with it." " Your ^ 

Office Routine and Bookkeeping has no peer in point of nature and quality of work. The vouchers are a delight to look at, and there is a charm about the MJ 

entire work that cannot help but arouse the greatest interest in the performance of it." " It lessens the labor of the teacher, contains the best of business VS 

forms, and the explanations are full and explicit." fW 

Correspondence from schools desiring to give Office Routine and Bookkeeping a trial is respect- W 

fully solicited. Address, ^ 

ROCHESTER. N. Y WILLIAHS & ROGERS, Publishers cmicaoo. ill. ^ 

; ^ 


STATESMEN J. S c». Jt recognize, in the' following imperial program, problems that require, for successful 
,< ,;* THINKERS jt ,;* J* solution, the sound sense of a Franklin,- the foresight of a Washington, the catholicity 
S J- ^ SCHOLARS jt ^it of a Webster, the penetration of a Calhoun, ^ Nicaraguan Canal Construction, J- 
J^ ,2t j^ „* PATRIOTS jt — a program of such royal magnitude that jt ji Currency Regulation, j* jt „•* 
its successful completion would alone make the distinguished performances ji,^^ Cuban Pacification, j* j* 
of this presidential administration the brightest stars in the gala.xy of nine- ji jjt ji Jt Hawaiian Annexation. 
teenth century achievements. 

^•* „* of business schools recognize, in the fcllowing list, subjects that are fundamental in 
ot J>' their relation to intellectual preparation for success. Te.xt-books are the teacher's 

Bool<l<eeping, Letter Writing, ^t „•* 
jt Arithmetic, Commercial Law, ,* 
J, ^ Grammar, Typewriting, ^-t 
S J- J- ^ Spelling, Shorthand. 

J. „■* TEACHERS ,* 

,* ,* „■* STUDENTS,.'* Ji tools. If ihey are antiquated, heavy (with jt 
^* J, ^ J* PATRONS ^* the lumber of learning), dull, he can "saw jt 
but little wood." If, like the books of the Practical Te.xt Book Company, jt 
they have brevity, clearneis, point, beauty, — work becomes play, as does all jt 

pleasurable activity. 

The following bool 

d in hundreds of the best schools in this country, 
ill be sent to teacKers. for examination, at one-h 

Si0.3.> EviivliodyV Dicliiinnrr (Olollii 

.no '^.'S (■I'lxli'il I.i'Nsnun in I/eller Writinii.. 


indour business Is constantly enlargii 
ilf the retail price, postage prepaid. 
SO.-i.'S Siu-lliiie niKl l.ellfi- Wiilhiu 

111 Riiokkceiniiu. 



ire Pr 

iinl llankkr 
111 lloiikkr 

Liberal Di; 

THE PRACTICAL TEXT BOOK COMPANV, - » 420 Superior Street, Cleveland, O 


-» CLEVELAND if-OHIO . -^ " 




■ * 


34i 34o 34 

3+8' n 

"The letter on this fage is by J. H. Smith of Sullivan, Crichton and Smiths B. C, Atlanta, Ga. Heading and Dec 
MONTHLY: $1 A YEAR, 10c. A COPY. ai.' BROADWAY,,P„.,s„... ^g^ YORK, APRIL, 18^ 

ons by Alexander Malcolm, Journal office. Portrait key o 





aifeai&^afe^&^fe ^^fe^dlfe^^ jlt^fe^4Ifea!fe^!&afcafe*««^'&^«&^M&$Mi 

■,nd Fiflttll Cinis for a 

,„0ii4lis' trial sill'. rJflio 


'A^/WVi^ llf ^j(?=Si*=^?^'?^i«^i? ^H^'l^li^ •'i*' ''i*" •»'«• •>'*• ■'i*^ ■»'*■ '»i«=W^««^is- 

7/?e Zdnerid/i//rt Colleg e, 

Columbus, OIllO, is the onli/ self sup- 
porting, independent se/ioot of l^enman- 
stiip and Dmivim/ that makes a specialty 
of teaching these important branches of 
an education in a thomughtg upto<late^ 
and practicat manner in a reasonable time 
and at a moderate expense. Circular and 
3ampteCo pg of The Penman and Hrlist free . 

I Penmen cannot write 


as much in hour 

iiig apparatus; 


■ bu 

cdu'pliciilin); ail kinds 

"The Express Duplicator" 

', is undoubtedly the very best for the pur 
[ nose of reproducinjt forms, letters, cxaiu 
I ination papers, penmanship, music, tyj>L- 
' writing, &c.. &c., at the rate of 30 lul! 
' pages a minute, making the 30th, locth. 
; or 150th copy, in any color, an exact fac- 

► simile of the original. 

► Complete outfits : printing 6x9 papi 

► durable for years. Every apparatus sol 
' satisfactorY. Address 





Trouble with some of these "Practical Bookkeeping " and 
" Practical Arithmetic " books is that they are not practical. 
May be all right to teach, but when it comes to using what's 
in them in everyday business practice there's something 
lacking. The books don't " fit." 

Powers' text-books were not written by theorists. They 
are thoroughly practical all the way through. Were written 
by specialists— not all by one man. They are used in Mr 
Powers' own school, the Metropolitan Business College, as 
wall as in scores of others, so that they. are not untested. 
Those that were introduced several years ago have been re- 
vised to conform with the more modern business customs 
and ideas— have been improved wherever room for improve- 
ment existed. So that the present editions are in every way 
up to date. Powers' publications include texts on 

These books do not give the name of publisher, so that to 
all appearances they are issued by the schools using them. 
Send for catalogue and wholesale prices and be sure to men- 
tion name of school with which connected. 

0. M. POWERS, 7 Monroe St., Chicago. 

The Goodyear Publishing Company 

are makinga special feature of their Actual Business Supplies, adapted 
to any standard system of Business Practice and Office Training. 

Our Chicago Salesroom is headquarters for Bookkeeping Blanks, 
Business Practice Blanks. Office Training Blanks, Legal Forms, Busi- 
ness stationery. Merchandise Cards and College Currency. 

New forms are being added to our list as rapidly as we find similar 
forms used by progressive businessmen. 

Samples and prices furnished to commercial schools, when re- 


334 Dearborn Street, Chicago, III. 


2. Medium Fine Point. 

No. 4. Bxtra Pine Point. 

No. I. Medium Point. 

They are made of specLiUy prepared STEEL, by an entirely NEW and 
ORIGINAL PROCESS, by the aid of tlie latest AMERICAN Machinery. 

We can confidently assert that there is no make, FOREIGN OR DOMESTIC, 
eqnaling the same in point of excellence. 

The Eagle Vertical Pens have been pronounced by the best authorltl^ 
ol the Vertical System to be superior to all others, and are particularly 
recommended for use in Vertical Writing. 


Of the nnmerons styles of other Steel Pens which we inannfactare.wrf 
immend the No, E 170 tor Primary Grades, and the Nos. E 130, E 410, E 4l.«^ 

recommend — _ . 

E 470, E 480 for advanced or higher grade: 


Works : 
>»♦♦»>> yos to 735 Bast zsth St. 

Capyrtght 1898 by j 

s A RoUlDBon Co. 

OfSee and Salesroom 
NEW YORK. 377-379 Broadwa:. 

imend at N. Y. P. O. a> Moond^ilaM mall matte'- 



The commercial text-books uow offered by the undersized and ready for use 
Are : 

pages, covering all the points of tbe previous " SUxoiL of BooKKfiKPiNQ a.vd Correspondesce." with 
much additional matter In the way of advanced practical sets, with the model forms In approved 
script, and the cu.-itorns of business brought down to the latest requirements. This book is. In itself, 
acoiriplete rreat;se on bookkeeping, and Is supplemented by 
PUOGItesSIVE PRACTICE TESTS that leave nothing to be desired In the way of school 
■sts comprise, each, the material for a complete set of books, with all the docu- 
for conducting the business. Including money, notes, drafts, bills, letters, etc. 
be required to do as an accountact In a business house, he la required to do 
Ipulatlou and cumbersomencsa as po-^slble. In fact, the plan Is 

practice. The' 

What the student 
here.anrl with as little 

Ideal, and Is so pronounced by all InlelllKent teachers who h 
a. THE NEiV PACKAUD ARITH.lfETU;. which Is al 

schools, and covers all the requisites of a I 
adoptCfl In most of the Shorthand Schools 

Any teacher who desires to examine any of these books with a view to their 
ase will do well to communicate with 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, - 101 East 23d St., New York. 

nlned It. 

standard book in commercial 
ext-hook of tbe first order. 
MUNSON PHONOGRAPHY, which have been 


Do your Pupils Write Backhand? 

Remedy the evil by glvinK copies slanted slightly to the right and 
tlie result will be a round hand writing nearly vertical. 

Observation among pupils who practice from vei-tical copies shows 
a very large percentage writing backhand. 

Teachers can correct this fault by using 



J. A. GRAVES, Principal South School. Hartford, Conn. 

newer "emoaf Br™ms "'" '"" " """ """ '""'■""='1"" '" destlued to supplant both the older slant and the 
niH JOSBPHJNB B. ROQERS, Prest. AiBoclatlon Primary Principala. New Yorlt City. 

„h,.i h"?" '>'«»'■ o' Smith's Intermedial Copy Books only In the highest ti'ma. and could I show 1 

I. ,,''® ""^ school (more than 1000 chl'' — 
wholly unprepared for a chauge of system 

only In __. 
r uslnK them lei 
s would Join V 

In praise of them.' 

Specimen Pages of Copy Books Free. Correspondence Solicited. 

H. P. Smith Pumishing Co., - II East 16th St., New York City. 
TO Boarili; ol EduGalion, Supenqteimciits, Priqcipals and TeacHers. 

A Good i^teel Pen. 
Whiit a Blessing: ! 

Barnes' Steel Pens 

We announce the unqualified success from the start of our NEW 

P. a & S. No. 617 VERTICAL 

OM style methods of Penmanship instruction improved. 


m/v!?""" V/^^-^'d*"" ""°" /"'' T°°''"f''' adaptabiUty to every requirement of the 
prevatbng Vertical Boom," we claim the absolute superiority of our 

P. D. & s. nsro. eiv vjBR.Tio.A-nL.. 


For Everybody ! ! 
No BOOK like it ! 

Illustrated Lessons and Lectures. 
Up-to-Date Treatise. 


A Big CLUB for 

127 DUANEST., N. Y 

Beauty Shown Up. 


To those i-refr^niQn liner pointed pens, we recoiiimenrl our P. 1). ,^- 

anil neud 10 els. lor lull line of samplo, or SI. 00 

A. S. BARNES & CO., 156 Fifth Ave., New Yor k. 


^T) Vertlcular and Vertigrapli. 

ri'e.^- Pens have been especially designed for Vcrticnl Writing, after a toi-mula arrived at by 
careful study of required conditions. 

I JOSEPH GILLOTT & SONS, 91 John St., New^York. 

If You Want a New Position 

For ibe nevt B.hool yenr. or beloie. KICiHT NOW ia the time to register. 
Thi. BiT.-9 yoii a cicnu «n-eep or the Held nutil !<eplember. Don't wait until 
tbiUBs nre picked over. The Journal places more coininercini teachers in 
position than nil other naencics couibiued. For circulars write to 


•He\,„^/r,r^s"p7^^rrci^''w.t'jrd"'er!'''""'' «->»«'-• »«">'•• ">- *'■*»• 

AMtS & KOLLl\SON CO„ 802 Broadwar. New York. 



A Complete Home Instructor in all Branches of Penmanship. A Genuine Work of Art. 
From 32 to 40 pages monthly. 
No faihtrc possible in learning a innctirahlr. rujiidhusinesit hnnd i/the lenmnn given In Tlir Wi'Htem Pfinm 

arc /oUutvi-d 
__ Penman 1r stronKly euilorse'i by ihourtands of teachers ana pupils who hi 
mceiit styleof writing by following Its tfachlugs. ^ 


s have doubled ttit'Ir s'ularh-a by It^Hi-ulni; 
ue yon t-uii ilo. The outlay is too 

ancoiiver. Wash —Whoever saw a 
1 Busliipss WrltlUK before you be- 

1 from The Pksm 

" Ted. 

lestions. What 

A. H. STKVfc:Ns..N i;i \;ii,t ., -n ■ 
e«f. BufTftln, N > ^ n , , i,, , , . 

io fully auft "\'!,..n i, > ..n, ,',, 

ire appreciated. 

0. C. Cannon. Comuierelal ((►liege 

-It gives me great pleasure to say tl 

Hundreds of other pravtica 

One Thousand Dollars Is a small 

inetbotl ( 

t of what 


I continuously » 

li advocates anil teaches the mus- 

jno Scofikld, ntica Business (.'ollege, Utiea. 
L h-ive Hentyou a great many list* of subnerlb- 
1 T hope to ^fii.l VMii manv mom. I believe 
periodical to 
Id unshaded. 

a great many Ust^ of 
* will fftn first periodical 
.iiid deser 
. -.- the same trend. 


Ijook of I yn pa(ff «, 1 014 ^ 

I 'lard \ 

: of 

K \Mi-.Ti.:KN I'RSiiAS.oQi- year, .■ill c 


INTRODUCTORY.-^ Special Oj/Vr.-Send 
"", m*-ntlonlng this paper, and all of •' 
mailed you i - ■ -" 

nple copies. Address 

before subscrlbl 

3stpa{<l. Thi« uHll be llie best i 
send 10 < 




Easy to Learn 

That's good, because students ought to learn to use it 
even if it was verj' hard to do so. 

Easy to Work 

That's important, because il enables you to do Mori: 
Work and Better 'Work than any other, and it's the 
Quality and the Quantity of your work that tells. 

Easy to Find 

That's only natural, because it is used 


There is always a demand for first-rate operators of) [the 


Standard Typewriter. 

Send for information about the NEW MODELS. 


327 Broadway, New York. 

To the Writing Teacher: 

Since \'ertical Writing has been adopted in many schools 
it has been considered by some teachers as necessary to use a 
very stiff and hard pen to teach the system successfully, and 
nearly all pen makers have recommended pens of this heavy 
and unyielding description. We maintain that it is an error to 
make pens too stiff, for without sufficient action and flexibility 
the essential qualities of a perfect pen are lost. It is well known 
that beginners have a tendency to grip the holder and press 
too hard with the pen. This habit grows with the use of a 
stiff hard pen and can only be overcome by using a pen of 
some degree of flexibility and fineness, which compels a light- 
ness of touch and tends to a graceful and gliding motion. We 
have maintained the superiority of the Spencerian Pens in 
our Vertical Patterns, giving special care to the finish of the 
points to make them write smoothly and with the easy action 
which the Vertical System requires. 

An additional advantage we claim for our Vertical Pens 
No. ^7 over any other pen — they can be easily removed by in- 
serting a pencil or any pointed instrument through the square 
hole, thus pushing the pen out of the holder without soiling 
the fingers. «sS^TQ]||^ 

12 Vertical Pens, fine, medium and broad points, sent for trial on receipt 
of 6 cents In postage stamps. 

sPEisrcERi^isr fen go. 

4S0 Broome St., New York, N. Y. 

The Budget System is not 
A Patched Up Affair 

without continuity or liarmony. It is the symmetrical development of 
a method ih2.t produces a harmonious growth of the intellectual powers, 
and yet it is practical In every particular. Its business papers are not 
stereotyped forms of unattainable perfection, but vary in style of peii- 
manship-OOOD BUSINESS PENMANSHIP— and serve to individuali/,e 
the different firms from which they come. THE STUDENT IS / V- 
SPIRED by the real flavor of the business office, his work is cong> i 
because IT REPRESENTS REALITY. The Budget System con' 
only what is needed— it contains nothing superfluous. 

Budget C— American National Banking— is duplicating the sue 
of the earlier budgets. If you want to learn all about every busines^ 
paper passing in Banks, forms of endorsements, clearing house methodsJ 
and how to perform the work of every officer and clerk In the bank,^ 
you have only to get a complete outfit, which will be sent, Expressage 
prepaid, on receipt of $2.00. 

B@= The Budget System is suitable for, and 
is used in, all classes of Schools. . . . 

We want to hear from all up-to-date teachers. State your needj 
fully — we will do the rest. 


J2 N. Charles St., - - Baltimore, Md 

uY ^^^:?^^^4^ J^^i^^^^:^^^^ 


Many people who have subscribed since December have written to The Journal to know if they could have their subscriptions dated back so as to begin with the 3 

dude the "300 Pen Copi< 

ery large, and all i 

y that for the present this may be done, but that the surplus of pape 
quests immediately. Until further notice new subscriptions may be dated 

rving the "300 Pen Copies" togethe 
:y may be preserved. We believe it 
time for less than $3.00. 

vith the Auxiliary Copies (there will be about 500 lines in 
entirely within bounds to say that bo much up-to-date pr; 


Comment by the Way. 

Melvil Dewey, Secretary of the 
Requive^n^nts for Qnivereity of the State of New 
New York stattt York, sends The Journal copies 
Business Cre>icnt,ais ^^ ^^^ circular letter addressed 
to the business schools of the State and a sixteen-page 
booklet which gives full information about time and 
place of holding Regents' examinations for State busi- 
ness and shorthand diplomas and certificates, as well as 
requirements, etc. 

These examinations will be held on June U, 15 and 16, 
1898, in New York, Albany, Syracuse, Buffalo and wher- 
ever there are ten or more applicants. Teachers and 
students can secure copies of these announcements by 
addressing Mr. Dewey at Albany. 


High Scho 

At the alumni dinner of the six schools 
of the New York University, at the 
Savoy Hotel, on February 18, Chancellor 
MacCracken spoke on " New York City 
and Education." What we need in our school system, 
he said, are high schools. Ten of these, he declared, 
would be enough, but each ought to be ten times as 
strong as the high school of a small city. 

'* New York's great opportunity in public education is 
before her this hour," he continued ; *' it is in the right 
organization of ten great high schools. Each of these 
ought to compreheDd five schools in one. There are at 
least five broad tracks along which youth want to go 
nowadays, and ought to have a chance to go. The first 
is the ordinary English high school. This is for the boy 
or girl who wants advanced studies, but has no special 
aim yet aq to the future. The second is the commer- 
cial high school, for the student who would hasten to 
the counting room, the bank or ofiSce. The third is the 
mechaoics' art high school, for boys and girls who would 
hasten into manufactures, or trades, or industrial arts. 
The". fourth, the literary and classical high school, for 
the boy or girl who would go to the college of letters or 
who would make their livehhood by journalism or litera- 
ture. The fifth, the ecientific high school, for the youth 
that would enter the college or school of science and 
profoundly study nature and the forces of nature 

" The great city only cau afford to comprehend all 
these five schools in each of her high school buildings. 
Toe great city ought to build such pentagonal high 
schools, with windows and doors opening toward those 
five broad fields of life." 


The advance announcement of the 
National Washington meeting of the National 
' '*f" '*"". Educational Association has been re- 
ssocta ton. ^^^j^g^j ^^^ rp^^ JOURNAL oflBce. The 
dates fixed for the convention are July 7 to 12 {Thurs- 
day to Tuesday), inclusive. Railroad fares will be one 
fare for round trip plus two dollars, and the extra two 
dollars pays for membership in the association Appli- 
cations tor hotel or boarding-house accommodations 
shuuld be made to Mr. Raymond A, P-arson, Chairman 
Hotel and Public Comfort Committee, Board of Trade 
Rooms, Washington, D C. The Arlington Hotel will be 
headquarters for the officers of the association. Mrs. 
Sara A. Spencer, Spencerian Bus. Coll., is chairman of 
the Books and School Appliances Committee. 


The Journal, desiring to have 
' Three Hundred Graded Pen 
Copies in Rapid Business Writing," 
accomplish the greatest amount of 
good, offers the following prizes for competition ; 

l-Veif Prize Contest 
Jn *':tOO OraiUd' 
i*ett Copies." 


For Greatest Improvement— A copy of Ames' Com- 
plete Compendium of Penmanship and certificate. 

For Second Greatest Improvement.— A copy of Ames' 
Guide and certificate. 

For Second Greatest Improvement.^^ certificate. 

For Best Wi-iter.—A copy of Ames' Complete Com- 
pendium of Penmanship and certificate. 

For Second Best Winter.— A certificate. 


For Greatest Improvement —A copy of Ames' Complete 
Compendium of Penmanship and certificate. 


To the teacher of student (in school) making greatest 
improvement, a copy of Ames' Complete Compendium 
of Penmanship. 



All BtadentB not over twenty years of age 
students who have been enrolled in any school em- 
in Srhoois. ploying a teacher of penmanship, who have 

received instruction in penmanship during 
school year 1897-98, and who have never won a Journal 
prize are eligible. Specimens (properly certified by 
teacher) of writing before beginning to practice and at 
end, of course, should be sent to Mr. Kelchner. The last 
specimen should be in Mr. Kelchner's hands not later 
than January 15, 1899. Final specimen to be at least one 
full page. 


Home students, amateurs of any age, 
Home should forward at once specimen of writ- 
stittients. ing before beginning to follow lessons, and 
a specimen at end of course (not later than 
January 15, 1899) to Mr. Kelchner. 
All contestants must be Journal subscribers. 
All specimens to be written with good black ink. 
The certificates offered are partly lithographed, and 
will be handsomely filled out, giving nature of contest, 
name of winner, etc. 

All who compete must be bona fide amateurs, and must 
never hive won a first prize in a Journal business writ- 
ing competition. 

The contests are varied enough, for greatest improve- 
ment and best writers in schools, and greatest improve- 
ment by home students, and the conditions fair enough, 
to induce every amateur reader of The Journal to 
Start to work on the copies to day. 

Expert Testimony. 

It is amusmg (except when aggravating) to the hand- 
writing expert to hear and read the characterizations 
by lawyers (alwliys on the other side— and usually the 
losing one) of expert testimony. Nothing is too severe 
to say of a witness who is paid to make a scientific ex- 
amination of disputed handwriting, and who then gives 
his opinion about it oo the witness stand. The hand- 
writing expert does not have the facts, but is supposed 
to be able to dig them out by scientific examination and 
comparison of the various writings. And when experts 
occasionally differ, the lawyer is likely to raise a great 
cry about the unreliability of expert testimony. Law- 
yers and judges with the facts clearly before them differ 
frequently, and yet when handwriting experts occa- 
sionally differ these same lawyers are astonished. 

A case in point showing how even judges differ in the 
interpretation of law when the tacts were clearly before 
them came to notice of The Journal editor in his pro- 
fessional capacity lately. A man was indicted for grand 
larceny for securing a sum of money on bogus bonds and 
a forged deed. The lender of the money made the bor- 

rower sign a receipt agreeing to give the money back 
whenever asked for it. After securing the money the 
borrower slipped out through a rear door and ran away. 
The first judge held that the receipt was fatal, and that 
the indictment for grand larceny could not hold, and 
that the defendant should have been indicted for 
forgery. He also stated that the prisoner could b« 
rearrested as soon as he stepped outside of the court 
room. The jury was ordered by the judge to acquit, 
and the defendant was immediately rearrested. When 
taken before a police magistrate he held that the pris- 
oner was guilty of grand larceny, and that the original in- 
dictment was correctly drawn. So between the two dif- 
fering judges, the prisoner who had taken §890 of another 
man's money, was allowed to go. The Journal's editor 
within one hour listened to the differing opinions of these 
two learned judges. And yet the second judge had 
the temerity to say that three handwriting experts 
could be secured to give testimony on each side of this 

The Fake Business College Sliould Oo^ 


It is high time that this miserable business of swin- 
dling through fake business colleges was stopped. It is 
a crying shame upon the reputable schools of our pro- 
fession that it has been allowed to flourish so long. 
Why do not our conventions take hold of the matter 
aggressively, mstead of spending so much time splitting 
hairs over theory and practice and spouting learned 
essays on the philosophy of ethics ? Why don't they 
take vigorous steps to protect themselves and the pub- 
lic, by appointing a committee fully authorized to act, 
provide the committee with money to employ a compe- 
tent attorney to gather legal evidence against those 
fake school swindlers and send them to jail ? It is not 
so long since certain sections of the State of Pennsyl- 
vania were overrun by as conscienceless a gang of free- 
booters as ever held up a stage coach— establishin? 
alleged butiness colleges everywhere, driving reputable 
schools out of the business, flooding the country with 
solicitors, draining out every cent possible for scholar- 
ships good during the natural lite of the student and 
transmittable into posterity, and then with bulging 
pockets lighting out for new fields and pastures green, 
leaving in charge some dummy confederate or else some 
poor dupe to bear the brunt of public odium incident 
upon the inevitable crash. The Journal has been 
threatened with suits and loss of patronage (and in 
point of fact there is not a bunco man in the business 
who will permit it to go in his school) . Ingenious efforts 
have been made to bribe it through emissaries ashamed 
to tell their names, and it has been subjected to anony- 
mous letters of the most scurrilous and obscene char- 
acter. The Journal is doing all that it can-and what 
mortal man ever saw an exposure of a fake school in 
any other paper of its class? But The Journal can't 
do it all. The profession Itself should act. 

If anybody feels aggrieved we invite him to take snch 
legal action as may commend itself to him. There is 
more behind this and it will be along in due season. 

Complimentary to Ye Editor. 

In the trial ot Warren D. Merwin for forgery in the 
criminal court to-day there was an interesting battle 
between the attorney for the State and counsel tor the 
prisoner over the testimony of an expert m the art of 
handwriting. The expert under examination was Wil- 
liam J. Kinsley, a member of the firm ot Ames & Kins- 
ley of New York, both members ot which are consid- 
ered the best experts in this part of the country. Mr. 
Kinsley was called in by the State and was on the 
witness stand most of yesterday afternoon. He was 
{Continued on page 6S.) 

Three Hundred Graded Pen Copies in Rapid Business Writing. 


MtroDK free movenipnt, are photo-ensraTed in exactly tbe t«nni 

hey are uieant TO BE OF VSE. They n ill fit into and supple- 

ntf. The Copies may bi> cut from the paper and »Hed just as anj 

d represeot 

actual pen v 

ark ns near n> 

t in pot^sibl 

ur nark -» I 

Ihanl coiiflli 

liunalany pain 

1, 1'ROVin 

OP) slipa. p 

•inled or wri 

lien, are UHed. 

In Ihia »n) 

TO THE TEACH EH. -Til ewe coplea. wriltei 
lo da Irom an)' plate. Tliey ore not made la look 1 
I\G fan believe In and teach plain rapid buninext 
they mar be prenerred indefinitely. , . . 

Bead erery word of explanation relntini to this conrne of Inalrnction on pane 2'il of Dec. JOMKNAL, with which number the inntruclion benina. Remember that in this 
roor.e the Copiex do the main part of OIR talkinn. If YOl consider it advisable to live additional instruction lo your students in connection with the Copies, the door is wide 
Apea. In any event you can make the course much mure Talnable to them by your advice and direction. (8ee Dlr. Kelchner's bints ou pane 69.) Read Prize Oilers on paie b.'S. 
Uaveallsubs. bcsin with December. 

Lesson No. 21. 







Lesson No. 23. 


OC-Z^^-T^—Zf —-^-^i-i-Z^i^^ 

C-^^^^i^^l^ ..^-^>2-i-<^£>^ /-^^>e5'-Z'^>, 


Lesson No. 24. 


^^^^^^^^^^.^-^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Myl^^^6^^^Uy 6y06^f^^U^6^^c^c^ 


/'A 7 ^~' 



Lesson No. 25. 


{Continued from page 65.) 
again called th<B morning, and all of the day was spent 
in his croes-exami nation. Mr. Kinsley is one of the best 
experts called in the courts of this county in some time. 
He illuatrated to the jniy by means of crayon, a draw- 
ing board and easel just how the forged signatures 
diflfered from the gennine. He took each letter and 
explained in detail the differences m the character of 
the writing. The jury was deeply interested. Atone 
time two members of the panel held a debate while 
examining one of the checks and stopped the progress of 
the trial for a few minutes. The whole panel appears 
nnuBually interested.— Bridgeport^ Conn., Standard. 


EDITOR'S Calendar. 


Published by the Northern Illinois College of Pen Art 
and Drawing, Dixon, 111. Price $1.00. 15 plates ; 2 
pages of instructions. 

Each of the plates contains about eight or nine lines, 
and a large amount of work is covered in this compen- 
dium It is printed on plate paper and makes a good 
showing from a mechanical point of view. A very sen- 
sible style of abbreviated letters is used. All in all the 
compendium is a good one and should prove of value to 
teachers and writers desiring to change from the slant 
to vertical style, as well as for those wishing a sensible 
etyie of vertical writing. 

Mental Commercial Arithmetic. By Ernest L. Thurs- 
ton, C. E., Washington, D. C, Business High School. 
Published by Williams & Rogers, Rochester, N. Y., 
and Chicago. 135 pages; cloth; price 35 cents. 
Mental Arithmetic is finding a place in commercial 
flchools in various parts of America, and works treating 
Commercial Arithmetic in Mental Arithmetic methods 
ehonld prove of considerable value to commercial teach- 
ers and students. The object of the book is to render 
students of it expert in those features of the subject 
which their duties will involve. Facility in figures is a 
necessity to everyone in business, and commercial stu- 
dents need just the training to be imparted through fol- 
lowing the methods outlined in this handy little book. 
Compendium of Busines8;.Writing. By H. G. Yocum, 
Penman, Wooster, O., Business College. 12 plates. 
Mr. Yocum has adopted a very sensible style of coarse 

f)en, unshaded, slant business writing, gives some excel- 
ent movement exercises, and the result is a good series 
of copies in business writing. The Wooster Business 
College students who follow it will acquire a firstr^lass 
business hand. Mr. Yocum has proved himself a good 
teacher as well as writer. 

ELOcgTioN AND pDBLio Speakinq. By a S. Packard. 
Paper read at Commercial Teachers' Association, New 
York, March 5th, 1898. Paper ; 24 pages. 
Character tbe Basis of Credit. By James G. Can- 
non, Vice-President Fourth National Bank and Presi- 
dent the National Creditmen's Association. Address 
before the students; of Packard's B. C, Feb. 25, 1898. 
10 pages ; paper. 

Mr. Packard has had printed a very neat form of these 
two excellent addresses, and both are worthy of wide 
circulation. Since they bear no price mark, we presume 
that they are mailed free. Commercial teachers would 
do well to get copies of both papers. 
Bdsiness Correspondence in Shorthand. Cloth ; 40 
pages ; price 75 cents. 

The Business Correspondence in Shorthand gives ex- 
amples of work in twelve to fifteen different businesses, 
including real estate, financial, legal, hardware, etc. 
Tourist's Vade Mecum. French. Linen board ; 92 
pages ; price 35 cents, 

The Tourist's French Book furnishes the traveler with 

French Colloquial Conversation with Vocabularies. 

Tables, etc., and the exact pronunciation of every word, 

A Reformed Alphabet Designed to Facilitate the 

Art of Learning to Read. By R. W. Leftwich, 

M.D. Paper; 10 pages ; price 10 cents. Published by 

Isaac Pitman »& Sons, 33 Union Square, N. Y. 

The Reformed Alphabet, edited by Dr. Leftwich is 

aimed at a simplification of 623 ways of indicating the 36 

sounds in English grammar. 

Draughon's Illustrations and General Instructions 
ON Closing Entries. By J. P. Draughon, Prest 
Draughon's Practical B. C. Nashville, Tenn. 15 
pages ; paper ; price 25 cents. 

This work gives brief instructions about stock com- 
panies, declanng profits, skeleton ledger, closine entries 
through journal, etc. * 


_~ ?-i^- Qrover. Willoughby. Ohio, desires to join the Pen- 
man a Exchange Department under the Profesaional headiue 
He sends some nicely written cards. nu'^e- 

««7„^i(S,.?^i®^'V'^'*^"^^®^**'^^?°™«"-''*>'P Wartburg Acad- 
emy. Waverly. la., wishes to j«ia the Penman's Eschance 
Profeasional Department, He writes a fine hand. ^*'-"'*"^'^' 
*a7?;"- BarW. West Tex. Nor. & B. C. Cherokee, Tos.. 
ravors us with some handsome ornamental writing Mr 
Barler gets delicate lines and dashy shades. '"""»• -*r. 

— A. J. Williard. Derflinser Public School, Reliance Va 
sends some graceful, well-exected flourishes. 

^r^S< l\ ?*"• ^"«"<^?'? ^- C. Curdsville. Ky.. submits some 
excellent busmess writing and clever ornamental work. 

— W. M Enffle, Reading. Pa., submits some graceful orna- 
nental writing. His work has a clean cut appearance. He 
las made great improyement recently. 

— W. L. Dick. Pierceton. Ind . is represented this month 
)y a sample of knife and pen work that produces a pleasing 


Normal School, Emporia, Ka 

— J. C. Olson, penman Stanberrv. Mo.. Nor. School, ha 
■riting tl 

apidly acquiring ; 
him in the front rank. 

— From that skillful and versatile penman, G. E Weavi 
Mt Morris. III.. Coll.. we have received a variety of scri 
work, all of which is artistic and well executed This worB 

ards. business and ornamental writing, etc. Mr. 

Weaver is an artist in pen drawing and crayon work as well, 

— F. O. Gardiner, penman Stoc'ttou, 

up at the front of the procession when i_ ,._ _^ 

ornamental writing, dashy shade and extremely delicate hair 
lines. Some late examples of his work prove this. 

— J. G. John-son. Rockdell. Va . is an excellent business 
writer, and does some handsome ornamental writing, as 
shown by some specimens recently received from him. 

—J D. Valentine. Jr.. Bellefonte, Pa., sends some well exe- 
cuted German and Old English text specimens, as well as 
some very handsome ornamental writing. 

— S M. Funk, penman Wolf's B. C. Hagerstown, Md., 
sends several ornamental signatures. 

— A specimen of excellent ornamental writing has been 
received from the Columbian C. C. Evansville, Ind. 

— C. R. Wiers, penman Richmond." Ind*.. B. C. favors us 
with a specimen of rapid lettering that is excellent. 

— A. B. Merrill, Saco, Me., sends a package of beautifully 
written cards and a fine letter, professional style. 

— T. S. Overby, a Kelchnerite of Dixon, presents as his 
contribution a letter, professional style, business writing and 
some handsomely written cards. He's a promising youngster, 

— G. M. Glick. Saranac, Mich., is a fine card writer and a 
package we have received from him shows it. His business 
writing is Al also. 

,— M. A. Adams, Sitka, 0., sends a sheet of movement ex- 

■ well written 

— A. W. Walker, Elsmere. Del., sends i 

ceedingly graceful and delicate, 

— A dashy set of ornate capitals and s 

Students* Specitnetis, 

— C. C. Lister, the accomplished penman of Sadler's B. & 
S. B. C, Baltimore, sends thirty or forty pages of students' 
regular class work embracing movement exercises, copy and 
body writing. The writing is uniform, possessing good form 
and giving evidence of .speed and ease of execution. Journal 
readers, who are familiar with Mr. Lister's methods as given 
in his course of lessons in busmess writing in The Journai> 
in 1896. will have an idea of what students under his personal 
direction are capable of. 

- From p. B.Anderson, penman Highand Park Normal 


J Mo 

i have received several yards of e 

cellent business writing executed by his pupils. The sheets 
are pasted together so as to show but a few lines from each 
student. The work is of a characetr that reflects much 
credit on Mr. Anderson's ability as a teacher. We can 
commend it in particular in regard to movement and ease 
of execution. But notwithstanding that it was written at a 
good rate of speed good form is maintained throughout. 
— W. J. Martin, principal penmanship and commercial 
' " ' " ral 

the school before the opening of the pre.'«ent school 
year and many entered in Oct. and Nov. The writing gives 
every evidence that Mr. Martin has a good system and 
understands how to carry it out. Every stroke in every 
specimen is businesslike, Mr. Martin is a skillful, all-around 
penman, and these specimens show that he is a skillful 
teacher as well as writer. 

— D. E. Johnson, penman of the Metropolitan 'Bus. Univ , 
M'lwaukee, Wis., sends several sheets of daily class drill "" 
figures. The figures are small, neat and legible, j 

_ ^ . j-^„ ..„ch 

work as wonld be wanted on the book of our best business 
houses. The best writers in the list sent are Henry Bremser 
and F. J. Nicolaus. That Mr. Johnson is a good penman him- 
self is shown by some excellent examples of signature work 
accompanying the students' specimens. 

— W. Guv Rosebery, principal com'l and pen. departments 
Pleasant View Luther Coll , Ottawa. Ill, favors us with a 
variety of specimens of writing from students in one of his 
classes. The work embraces copy and body writing and is 
excellent throughout. A particularly good specimeu from 
one 80 young is that written by W T. Benson, 12 years of age. 
Mr. Rosebery is an enthusiastic teacher, and these specimens 
prove that he understands his business. 

—Well written movement exercises by P. M. Coleman and ■ 
Robt. H, Leamey, students of L. J. Egelston, Perry B, C, 
Rutland. Vt., have been received. 

— From Elliott's B. C, Burlington. la., D. A. Hebel, Prin 
I. H. Carothers, penman, comes a batch of business writing 
representing the work of dozens of students that would de- 
bght the heart of a business man to see. This writing has a 
clean, clear cut appearance that would indicate it was 
written easily and rapidly. The longest words are written 
without the pen being lifted, which shows good movement 
and control. So many students are represented and the 
work IS so uniformly good that it is impossible to single out 
even a half dozen who excel the others. The writing em- 
braces capital letters, figures, words and seotences in suffi- 
cient variety to give a good idea of the method of the teacher 
and the writing ability of the pupil. All in all it is some of 
the best business writing we have examined in many a day. 
Mr. Carothers is to be congratulated upon this most excellent 

— J. L. Hayward. penman Northampton, Mass., C C. sends 
movement exercises in great variety from fifteen different 
Btudent.s m that institution. ThesR exercises are quite elabo- 
rate, and prove that the pupils have mastered good move- 
^^^*. «„„.. „* .!.„ „„„_.! ^ quite unique and original 

in design. While all the work is good, that of Miss Lillian 
Bohmer Is superlative, and should be especially mentioned. 
In the letter accompanying these specimens Mr Hayward 
says: " We have been following Mr. Kelchner's Lessons and 
this is the result of one week's practice." 

— Two of the best large movement exercise designs that 
The Journal has received in a long time have come from J. 
R. Brnndrup, Prm. Mankato, Minn.,,C. C, and are the work of 
two students, J. R. Wallace and P. Christensen. 

— S. G. Snell, principal Snell's B. 3., Truro. Nova Scotia, 
forwards a large number of practice sheets of his pupils 
which show that Mr. .Snell is getting good work from them. 
Among those doing the best work are E. Palmeter. Edw. 
Paris. Lizzie Wilson, G. B. Sinclair, Annie Kelson, A. Carter, 
Martin BarnhiU. Frank Putnam, J. A. Black. 

— In a prize contest in writing of the students of Piedmont 
College, Lynchburg, Va.. J. W. Giles. A.M., Pres., and C. G. 
Wallace, penman. The Journal editor was called upon to 
be ijudge. The most improvement 

Harris, Ada Garrison. 

— From the Central Commercial College, Cumberland, Md., 
E Presho, Prm , we have received a package of students' 
specimens containing movement drills, etc. Among the best 
is work done by Morris Fisher, William R. Wil.ion. Jessie 
Taylor. Joseph Forbeck, F. M. Schlund. Frank C McKnight. 
Florence Reid, Carrie Getsenfanner, Fred. Gehauf, Theo. 
Shaffer, Earl W. Williams, William Hartsock. 

— The New Jersey B. C , Newark. N. J.. C. T. Miller, Prin. 
and Prop., hns favored us with a package of students' speci- 
men work. That from the class of E. A. Newcomer in the 
Theory department embraces the original examination work 
which each student is required to make out upon the comple- 
tion of that part of his course. This examination is in boob 
form and comprises fifty-four pages of work. It 
bookkeeping, arithmetic, correspondence, spelling, co 
cial law, language, bnsiness forms and composition. The 
students in this school are required to tase up several styles 
of lettering in 'connection with business writing, and this 
lettering is put to good use when examination books, etc., 
are being prepared, the title pages, headings, balance sheets, 
etc.. being embellished with it The work before us is neat, 
carefully arranged and creditable alike to student, teacher 
and principal. Among those sending the best work in this 
line are William Nixon. C. V. O'Gradv. Jamei^ H. Brannick, 
Daniel Mugler, Jr., Charles W. Hodson. Samuel Armstrong, 
Thomas W. O'Grady. Lelia Huffman. C. D Clarkson. who 
has charge of the advanced work in this school, submits a 
quantity of business writing from Mr. Kelchner's HOO Graded 
Lessons in Business Writing that ia excellent. It has good 
form, every letter being distinct, spacing is accurate and 
clear, smooth lines are shown in every case, indicating speed 
and movement. In additoin to the business writing, he sends 
a large variety of business forms filled out in excellent shape, 
as well as samples of German and Old English Text, block, 
rustic and automatic pen lettering executed by advanced 
students. Specimens by Ira C. Bingham and A. Uren are 
among the best. The star piece is that from the pen of Ella 
Corrigan, which is on a large sheet and contains rustic letter- 
ing, rustic border, flowers, etc., with a lifelike pen portrait 
of Mr. Miller in the centre. All of this work shows good 
method and careful training on the part of tbe teachers, and 
also shows that gooa work is not conQned to a few pupils. 
The work is uniformly good. Messrs. Miller, Newcomer and 
Clarkson, as well as the students, are to be congratulated. 

" We have received from Jas. L Wilson, a pupil of H. K. 
Noel, principal of commercial department of Tarkio Colleen, 
Tarkio, Mo., specimens of writing shewing remarkal*le im- 
provement within the period of six months. 

ruhlic School Worh-. 

— Miss Clara Emens, Supervisor of Writing Public Schools* 
Lnckport, N. Y., sends us specimens of writing from several 
hundred pupils in the first to the ninth grade inclusive, and 
also in the commercial department. Miss Emeus is a con- 
scientious and enthusiastic teacher, who desires to obtain 
the best of everything for her pupils, She and the grade 
teachers under her direction read The Jouh.nal carefully. 
She took a prominent part in the Public School Writing 
and Drawing Teacheis' Association in Chicago in December 
last. The writing sent is the regular lesson work of the 
pupils, and starts with those whose average age is sis years 
and runs through the various grades up to and including the 
commercial department of the high school. The writing is 
neat, systematic and gives every evidence of careful train- 
ing on the part of Miss Emeus and the grade teacberd. Being 
the regular lesson work, the rumples sent embrace quite a 
variety of word, sentence and figure movement exercises, as 
well as body writing. 

— W. A. Baldwin, teacher 'of penmanship, Medina, Ohio 
sends samples of primary and grammar grade work from 
pupils who have had but twelve lessons in vertical writing. 
This work shows an excellent mastery for so short a time. 

— Examples of vertical writing from one entire class after 
seven weeKs' practicelhave been sent by Miss Sarah Frank, 
teacher of penmanship State Normal School, Warrensburg. , 
Mo. Considering the length of time the pupils have been 
practicing, the writing is excellent, In a letter accompany- 
ing the specimens Miss Frank writes: "I put the ■300 
Copies in Graded Business Writing ' to i ' ' ' 
at on ~ "■ 

? able to use the good things in The Journal, as change 
of slant with me is but a small thing, and I do not find verti- 
cal writing so different from the other writing." 

-E. H. Ealy. j^enman State Normal School, Cape Gi- 

— Our acknowledgments are due to the Ellsworth Co.. 127 
Duane St , New York City, for a handsome calendar. We 
also have a very attractive and handy calendar from tbe 
Lynn. Mass.. B. C. Still another with a pad for each day of 
the year comes from the Pope Mfg. Co., Hartford. Conn. 
This Columbia bicycle calendar has been used in our office 
for a number of years as a convenient memorandum pad. 

Pure Qotd at a Big: Discount. 

The " 300 " are coming along grandly. It is now but 
little trouble to get students to subscribe. Anyone who 
cannot get np a clnb conld not sell gold dollars at '.>0 
cents each.— G. A. Swayze, Grove City, Pa., Coll. 

ment- Many of the 

Until further notice, subscriptions may 
be dated back to Dec. number so as to in^ 
dude all of the "300 Pen Copies." 

Auxiliary Exercises in Connection with *'30o Graded Pen Copies." 

These auxiliary cojiies are to supplement, or to be used as substitutes for, the "300 Graded Pen Copies." Stud- 
ents should make use of tbem only with ad\'ice, and under direction of their teachers. 

The following well-kuown teachers have given these copies as their ideas of presenting the letters in question : 
«-'— J. F. Barnhart, Burdett's Bus. Coll., Boston, ifass. ; £2— E. L. Brown, Rockland, Me., Com. Coll. ; Fi—C W. Jones, 
Woonsocket, B. I., Bus. Uni.; G3—3. C. Olson, Stanberrj', Mo., Normal School; flj— E. L. Gliok, Gloucester, 
Mas'., B. U. 


rir. Kelchner's Hints and Suggestions. 


SEE P.\GES 6fi. B7.) 

tr«».,ii ■il.^lupl,„ »SB. f!7, Vi», i-iu. I.IO, i:<t 

anil rfi. 

Copy JVo. 1. 

Is eiveu to develop movement and 

"eep aar 
3 copy. 

sd in making the 
rotary movement, 
■isos, etc., on a line 

Lcsmn ■i'j.—ii>im-H i:i;i, i:>4. tar,. /;«;. i:n '""' '■'"<• 

Copy No. /.:*.•(. 
Work on this oxercise with a Rood tren up and down move- 
mont until you can form nnRles at head and base Imes, and 
keep down strokea to correspond^ in slant : ~ " * 

strokes. Learn to make this exerris 
very little troiil)le in mnkinB the o 
i.rason ■J.^.-(■<,|,i,■s i:m. III). 141. Hi. u:i "">' '^■'• 
Use a free and elastic movement on all capitals. Make 
the third and fourth fingers where they touch the paper 
glide and go in the same direction as the pen. 

Work on this until you can make it quite well with a 
good movement before you take up the next copy. 

Study the forms of the letters. 

Uniform height and slant in all capitals. 

Write three or four pages of Copy 139 and one page of 
the remaining copies in this lesson before you change to 
next lesson. Review all old copies frequently. 

Compare your work with copy, and follow the copies 
in every particular. 

LiHson -H.-loi,!,-, I4.-I. 141!. 141. 14.1 -nid I4». 

Master this copy and you have also mastered the fol- 
lowing one. Place four exercises on a line. Keep down 
strokes straight. See that you form an angle at top and 
a narrow tarn at base line. Use a good free Up and 
Down movement. 

In all your work keep the same number of letters on a 
line as copy. 

"Ssee how near yon can get the capitals to correspond 
in height and slant. 

Try to get some force and strength into yonr lines, 
but don't shade. 

Find yonr principal faults, then correct them. Do 
your best. 

See how near you can write a page like Copy 1-49. 
Watch spacing between capitals. 

7.,.,,.,,, 1^.-1 opirs j.-.o. i.'.i. i.-.i. 114. ir,.-,. 

ir,IS anil l.-,7 

Copy JVo, i.TO. 

Up and down is the principal movement. Make the 
arm do the work. Avoid making the loop below the Une 
too long — a common fault. 

Make as wide spacing between letters as copy. Make 
the hand glide to the right in making small letters, but 
don't make the letters too wide. 

c-yj c^n ^) ^ ^Jy^\ 


ZJid- — 


Notice how the down strokes are curved in this letter. 
Make a small loop at base line, and be careful not to 
make the loop too long below the line. Use a good 
strong rotary movement. 

Careful and rapid. Write the size of copy, and page 
after page in the order that they appear. Review all 
difficult letters often. 


Dixon, 111. 

Awards for Best Work on January Lessons, 
in "300 Graded Pen Copies." 

rlratrrlt,-: lii-iri-U V. Smith, Aiji- iO: l-npll .4. IC. 


34 .lei' 

Sladent of K. 

Secnnil Jliat : ./. T. 
Ifashlniilan, D. f. 

Third Jii-3t: JlttHH hetlit Jliiffn 
jV«ii'<Tomer. .A<"' •Tersi-u K. ('., Siuiirk. A. •/. 

The successful contestant for the prize of *5 offered 
by The Journal in the January number for the best 
complete set of exercises embodied in lessons .■■. and 6 of 
the "300 Graded Pen Copies" series printed in that 
issue is Everett P. Smith, pupil of A. E. Musselman, 
Fresno, Cal., B. C. Mr. Smith labors under the disad- 
vantage of having lost the third finger of his pen hand, 
yet he writes a splendid business hand. The copy of 
Ames' Compendium of Penmanship goes to his teacher, 
Mr. Musselman. 

In addition to the names given above the following 
are worthy of special mention : George B. Edwards, 
student of C. L,. Mahoney, Childs' B. C, Worcester, 
Mass. ; Harry V, King, Succasunna, N. J. ; Minnie 
Manth'y, Morris Engel, Cora Putnam, Daniel Mugler, C. 
A7T3askill, all students of E. A. Newcomer, New Jersey 
Bnsiness College, Newark, N. J. 



nrs » » » a B » a aini n n tu am aa sss aa a tfa c a n a « » iYnti «»»»«« sinrinrsrTSTnnrnTns-inrirsiQ 

Over 12,000 Subscriptions l;;J:„\\r"F:b/jZl.!'e'xaVrpa7.icuTa' 

. Hundreds of schools were reprei 


ng El' 

Ited. In the past tvj 
iber of schools has ■ 
ncements in April Journal, but as we prcpa 
are names, addresses and 6gures, the tnatt 
have reluctantly concluded to hold over th< 
eive the fullest credit for all subscriptions received up t 
ajority of them have given the paper splendid supporl 

clubbing : 

'ill doubtle: 

'ithin the 

as to names and addresses of the : 

have added thousands of new clubbing subscriptions to this list and the 

enormously. It was our intention to make full i 

for press, using our smallest type and limiting it 

page, and there are so many pressing articles thj 

nouncements until the May issue. Our friends wi 

and including Saturday, April 30. While the gr 

there are still some who have promised and ha 

next fortnight. Never before has The Journal, or any other paper of its kind, 

monia. from our profess.on WILL YOU DO YOUR PART? 


Mm t-oiitribu- 

' ; ! ! II 1 ly dlscoii- 

: not yet sent in the 
r any other paper of 




j^m^gm^Sm^ ^ 

Ths Journal Is publlshrd I 
TnE Pej(mas*s Art Journal 

30 puges, subscription price 50 cents 

, News Edition. 24 pages, subscription 

'< 1 [ii iliat there are four added pages 
- .\ ^ Edition. All advertisements 

ilou features, except that the 

lu rtafniug to Vertical Writing 

<hihhiiii/ Itntea. 
Rboular Edition.— 3 subs. $1.6 to 10 subs. 30c. each, 12 subs, or 
more, sent at one time. 25f. each. 
News Edition.— 3 siib-i. $1.30. ;J i>uhs. $1.65, 4 or more subs. 50c 

■■:!>■ 1/1,1/ i/"}tr subscription Jias e,-rpired 

'•aaraph > 

purtauceof maltii nn 

fieals to IntelllBi'iii 
esslouand gives ■ i 
Thia paraoraiih •"■< 
Prtifcttstonal List (An 

Ice the address on your wraopt 
. drop U8 II postal at once with proper correction, 
^S esppciallv tn npw snh ■■ ■" 

but don't pretend 

Please i 

riabt. If „^ ^ 

Tbls applies especially 

If It Is juitt 
'■ n. 


help you V 
you t 

infallible. Don't bother the agent. He c 

ting I 

, and It win ! 

I trouble I 



vin be 

lints are now entered by States. 
ly. therrfoi-p, when nHkiutr to bave 
your nililrvsH .hiiuBeil. TO STATE WHAT YOUR 
FORMER ADDRESS VVAS i oiberwiHe we Hbull be 
iinnble to find your nnnie. Neither can weollord to enter 

We Hhoiild be notified one month in advance 
chnnee in nddrcMs. Otherwise avrangenieniH Ht 
Niadc to have your JOURNAL forwnrded. 

rrfcf of Tfir Journal in Qumititiis. 

A number of friends have inquired the prie* of extra 
for serap-book purposes. The prtc* of a single number i 

of f 

.option to decline i 

Discount*! for ten 
plication. No adv 

vill I 

iir\- nv, , -I', - 7 i~, .>ne hundreii copfcs. 

■'I'' I' lii.i I' 'iirinn, which contains 

; i.r the News Edition 

"I" ~ I M " "iild be well to club 

'i I !'.> . Ill I III- ^^ L'..' ;;'-■( ling the reduced rates. 

mpers an- ortiered tht-y can be rolled, thus 
1 wenty-flve or more may be sent flat, which Is 
I be distinctly understood that we reserve the 
I orders for single copies when the edition gets 

Aftrfrtisfnij Jtatts. 


«m'.?:i:. ;;'^.e^;■::lM.l;^J':;!;^;;J';•;„,;.H^^vii^ s! 

IMMl nl llMll lliliil.n.L-. I.. lli%ll,. ,1 .■,ili,.„| ,.„,„. 

Vl'" ," "■;'■"' i--i"'~. "iili M >i.-iv »lnb. 

Ilnil,.' n,„'i' i'/'""','. i" i',', '"I'l"'"" ,"' 'I'l"' ■l""i'nnlV 

i» ... 1 -■ <inn> "„'ii ii',','ni„,",„';i,i'i,';:r',',','', ,',",',v,i!,';.dl 

nectcdand different schemes 
others are at Z lu the same i 
things are lueltided In their uu 

tof it 
fusiou. O 

attempt t 

ig - --- 

Be of Use to any p-.iri 

llvldual students. 


AUTOdiRAPHS.— In the three months named, 
.ToDRNAj, has printed the Independent autographs of 
different penmeu and teachers. The two other papers ( 
blneilln tliesnn...^ pcrfu.l liav.- pul.llsho.l sl.\-k-ss than 

l'OK-rUA'lT>.''"'lil"'('lM'" '■?:',!■ ,,(li- -.l.u, 

EXCl/l ^ 

offered uid.: 

are Mr. D.m'. 

Mmely iu-i i ■ 

papers oil -i ■ 


separate photos a 

before ou 




<«. UEVIEWS.-The 

■J 'lal text books, worka o 

Newa Edition during t 

. Newa relating to our profesftlon than the c 
23 of our esteemed contem ' ' ' 

entire period. There have also been thrt 

blneil laaues of i 

esteemed contemporarle! 
^. _ . i have also been thre ' 

s from teachers explaining methods, i 

IT SETS THE PAeE!"-ln a word. 1 

1 pace that ha^ left it; 
ou every Important i 

nlnd that Ths Journ 

I any Issue— bearlnK 
3 collection of 

-that Its primary aim 1 

Scrapbook PortraUs and Specimens. 

The large poitrait print, 11 x U inches, on fine enameled 
paper, coutainine portraits ot lilts well known penmen and 
teachers, should be ordered at once by all who desire to pre- 
serve this for scrapbook or framing purposes. The plate has 
been destroyed, and it will be impossible to publish additional 
prints when the present supply is e-Khausted. Ttie price, 
mailed in a tube for protection, is 15 cents ; two copies m the 
same tube. ;iO cents : additional copies in the 6ame tube, 5 
cents eacb ; one dozen copies in one package, 50 cents. Make 
ap a club among your friends. 'We have still a small supply 
of back numbers of The Jouknai. (almost entirely back oE 
1895) which contain a large amount of splendid scrapbook 
material. While they last we will mail twelve diflerent 
numbers on receipt of 15 cents. 

Key to Portraits on First Page of this 

301 F. B. Courtney, McDonald Bus. Inst,. Milwaukee. Wis ■ 
303 I. H. Lipsky, Comer's C. C , Boston, Mass.; :303 F. P. Wild- 
"■"^P;' 8' B. C, Waco, Tex.; 3U4 W. L, Smith, Knight-of-tbe- 
QuilMtmerant, Olive Branch, N. C: 305 C. H. Childs, Cbilds' 
B C., Holyoke, Mass.; ;JI.6 O. O. Dorney, American B, C, 
Allentown, Pa.; 307 W. E. Dennis, Brooklyn, N. Y : 308 A W 
Dakin, Dakin B. C , Syracuse, N. Y.; 3011 G. M. Olick, Saranac, 
J'"'.'i'«r"'-J' T. Weaver. Union B. C, Quincy, 111.; 311 L, D. 
Scott, Writing Supvr., Memphis, Tenn.; 312 W. V Stevenson, 
btate Non Sch , Emporia, Kan ; 313 H. J. Minnich, Defl- 
.?,'iH% 9" 9°' •■•31* W. A. Ross, Massey B. C, Columbus. Qa,; 
•fl.i.E L. Jarl, Brown's B. C, Qalesburg, 111 ; 318 A. D Dei- 
t, Chaftee Inst., Oswego, N. Y.; 317 R. C. King, Writing 

A. Hartkorn, Jr.. Passaic, N. J., 

Supvr., Iowa Falls, In.. ,., ... „, „. ^ „„«..., 

B^C.[ 31!) A. P. Anderson, Canal Dover, O.; Ilio V. M. Ru^-oi., 
Writing Supvr, Cambridge City, Ind.; 3--'l C. A Wetzell 
Writing Supvr Bterliug, 111.; m J. P. Barnes, Lafoyette 
J?j* h^-i^'n -^^ ,V' Spr'^kle, Austin Coll., Effingham, 111.: 
'¥'' ^•t^;.P''J"\ Virginia B. C. Richmond. Va.f 325 Levi 
Keys. Little Rock, Art.. C. C; 338 N. N. Hageness, Scandina- 
via, Wis..^ Academy; 327 J. K. Renshaw, Fitzgerald Short, 
and Bits. Sch Schenectady. N, Y.; 328 D. H wTiitten, Chris- 
tiana, DeU 349 A. A. Abercrombie. Lindsborg, Knn.; 330 D. 
A. Hebel, Elliott B. C, Burlington, la ; 331 T. J Hoover, Cor- 
'li'"''."''.™-'.'*'^^^,- "*• Marshall, Engelhorn B C, Helena, 
Mont.; 333 A. C. Ives, V^atertown, N. Y,, B. : 33t (J B 
i?a°??'w°°D''"' ^'J-' ^^■'^ ^ D- Boon, Humboldt, la. Coll.; 
o" ^■^i^I'-'^^.l-J?'."'^- "' '-'"11: a:i' C- U- French, Bear 
Branch. Ind,: 33S P. Leon Tower, Berkshire B. C, PittsHeld, 
n.'nS;' f^n{.-?S Piser Richmond, Ind . B. C; 340 Frederick J. 
Hillman. Childs' BC. Springfield, Mass.: 341 C. :E. Wiers, 
Richmond, Ind . B C ; 343 43 Mr. and Mrs. N. A. Morris, Pub^ 
he Schools, Lebanon, Ind.; 344 Miss Dimmis Piice, Writing 
Supvr , Bloomingdale, O,; ;!45 J. H. Janson. Chestnut wood's 
B.C., Santa Cruz. Cal.; 346 F. W. Martin, Salem, Mass.,:Com 1 
bch.; 347 E. L^ Ghck, Gloucester. Mass., B. C; S4S J. H. Bach- 
tenkircber. Writing Supvr., Lafayette, Ind, 



News Edition Supplement. 

While the Regular Edition of The Journa.l contalna alt 
of the regular Instruction features (except those relating to 
Vertical writing and some other distinctive Public School 
features) the four extra pages camprisine the News Edition 
Supplement contain a large amount of matter tliat Is of 
itreat loterest and Importance. In addition to all the news 
relating to our professlon- 
"linola, marriages, r 

special departments devoted to Inttfrchange of opinions a 

4, personal nketches, 
ted to IntvrchanKe o 
Open Court" for toe free lances and 

.- ;yo(o'" ■" 

prietor or teacher, present 

-to say nothing of an ambitious stuaent, 
way of example we give below a few of the 
' News Supplement features already In typi 

or thf 

Who FiTNt 

of tlieyount 

in thli Issue, and the r 

r Tnutthi Fo 

■ genei 



1 believe 1 

It ^-Many 
u-lgPn_7' '" 

enty years), while some of the older generation attribute 
to .loseph Carstairs of England. After three years of re- 
jrch and correspondence. The Journal is prepare • to 
ove from oriBinal documents that the claim of Caratairs 
be the originator of this method of teaeblng is bogus and 
at the honor belongs to his teach^r. Jamps Henry Lewis, 
icle** by a achoiarly Engll^Jbrniin, H. Partridge 

of Birmingham, beyrlnnln 
claims of ' -— ■- - ' 
similes of 

claims of Lewis, 

of original udvertlsiiifff 
showing where Anierli 
got most of their topi 
ieles will ftn;illv settle 
of the invf-ntion nf the l'oip.ii-m 
ing penmanship, 

■ wlii 1 
rated with p< 



vho i 

I Ide; 

e think t 

I tied 

method of t' 

generally kno' 
ExefH(.ive Movoinent Piac _- , 

said that Ameilcans go to extremes lu everything, and C. N. 
Crandle has an idea that American writing teachers have 
gone to excess In movement practice. In a very able article 
he gives his view?, 

Peuinaiisbip in Normal Schools. — -- 

.imanshtp teacher accomplish so much, < 

•■■■---'-- normal sehc--- 
Norwal School, 

- - ape, 

his work 80 far reaching a „. . 

F. L. Haeberle of the MiilersvUie, Pa., a 

\ class of 

1 lastlDg, I 


who has beens 

ersean do In uornuil schools. 

Father Spencer.— Views of t 
C8r and his wife, portrait group 
five sons .taken about 1«59). the ! 
many interesting reminiscences are yet to comi 
Interesting series of articles by Robert C. Spei 

a normal schools. 
te Noraial St 
I, tells what t 

B graves of Father -Speu- 
f Father Spencer and his 

Anierlcuu Pennieu,— Some of the pennic 
t the trreatest Impression upon the art in tbi 
I pupils of Father Spencer. His son, Robci 

-The editor i 
;d. As Duill. 
cussed at pre; 

rial High Scho 

cial Ediiea(i< 

Hiuli Si-hiiol 

t this article. 

iIb.— An able article by .T. 
8 topic is of abSorMug intf 

o proud to lean 

* the knowledge conies f v 
L series of articles telling what Is being done 

nmercial education 1 

,chers. It will c 

Public School Department. 

and supervls 

»»ily?— Chandler H. Peine 
ttierefor In bis churiicterlstlc 


tical.' "Ignorance of 
7ltTiig. Albert'Backua,"'of~the Lincoln Nor. Unl., tells 1 

says it Is and gl 

How to C 
Change of slimt 

ritlug Is puzzling many i 

■ to teach the vertical. " 

>, and likewise Iguora 

Calisthcnic Wi-illiiur Drill.-A unique Idea 
sented by Miss Keller. " -■•■•-- 

public school teacher. 

9 Keller. Full < 


nuds and what he thiuks 

uHhip.— The result of 

Serimeuts made by Harry Housto" * " 
„. ew Haveu, Conn., Public Schools. 
A NecilctI Reform.— This reform la seating In public 
scnools. W. H Carrier, Supervisor of the Adrali 
l^ubllc Schools, tolls what hi 
should be done. 

AiMiftcation oi Movcmi... 

unless applied Is movement run to Sbe<l. Ailss £eller show 
how she would apply It. 


I'liii'^ii. .HI 

'•^en/naM <17tiC C1Xiluui& 






» I ^ "litfttt 1 1 1 Ti 1 1 "jjl 

School and Personal 

— In d loc'il paper we find n very complimenta 
of the West Plains, Mo , College. J. T. Outeu 1 
aud i<i assisted by B. B. Cassell, Miss Helen Saye. C. O. Rice 
and Miss Lillian EUfs. 

— While 'answering a professional call as handwriting 
witness in a criminal case at Bridgeport, Conn.. The 
Journal editor had the pleasure of having associated with 
him as handwriting expert. Mr. Harrison G. Lamson. the 
son ot old time Jour " " " 

■Ir.. is a successful „. 

is special teacher of penmanship in ;tlie' Union B. C. of that 
city. We are indebted to him for many courtesies during 
our stay in Bridgeport. 

— The Athol, Mass., Transcript of late date contains a very 
complimeatary notice of the Athol C. C. and its proprietor, T. 
J. Sullivan. 

— Recent JoURNAi> office visitors were M, S. Kins, Scran- 
tbn. Pa, ; (Jhas. M. Miller. .1 . M. Vincent and James Rae. Pack- 
ard's B. C. N«w York: W. H. Sadler. Sadler's B C. Baltimore. 
Md.; M. L. Miner. Heffley School of Commerce, Brooklyn; H. 
W. Rathbun. formerly of Drexel Inst.. Philadelphia, now of 
Newark. N. J.; W. K. Doggett. Head Teacher Com'l Dept. 
Boys' High School. Brooklyn ; H. C. Spencpr, Evening High 
School. Providence, R. 1.; W. H. Bowman, Bliss B. C, Meri- 
den. Conn.; C, B. Sail. Spencerian B. C . Yonkers. N. Y.; W. 
E. Pinnegan. Polytechnic Inst.. Brooklyn ; J. T. Holds- 
worth. Com'l Dept. High School. Asbury Park. N. J.; L. La 
Motte Sage, well known as E. V. Neal, teacher in Peirce 
School. Philadelphia, now hypnotist ; C. D. Clarkson, N. J. 
B C, Newark ; W. H. Vernon. Centenary Coll. Inst , Hack- 
ettatown, N. J.: J. W. Wilson. New Brunswick. N. J., B. 
C; P. H. Read. N. Y. Bus. Inst. 

— The March number ot the Phonographic WoWd contains 
a speaking likeness of our friend, Chas, M. Miller. Principal 
of the Shorthand Dept. of Packard's B. C. New York City, 
President of the Commercial Teachers' Federation. Tfie 
World also gives a sketch of Mr. Miller. 

— The Journal office received a pleasant call lately from 
Mr. M. L. Miner and a dozen or more pupils of the Heffley 
School of Commerce, Brooklyn. 

— C E. Cady, the well-known old time business college 
teacher and proprietor, made The Journal office a pleasant 
call recently. Mr. Cady is now auditor of the Union Type- 
writer Co . which includes the Caligraph, Densmore and 
Yost machines. He holds a vary responsible place. 

The young man to the right, with the face of a poet, was 
linrn in Person Co . N. C , two days before Christmas, 1S64. 
He was educated at the famous Bingham Military School 
standing at the bead of bis class iu mathe- ^ 

matics. His penmanship taste was in- 
herited from bis mother, an accomplished 
writer of the beautiful old style. Since 
boyhood he has not received a lesson in 
penmanship, but has acquired his skill 
from the works of Flickinger, Spencer, 
Maderasz and Bloser. supplemented by 
The Penman's Art Journal, without 
whose help he is good enough to say that 
bis success would have been imi)Ossible. 
Brother Smith is an ardent worshipper at 
the shrine of that master of our craft, H. 
W. Flickinger, and claims to have the 
liirgest and most select specimens in ex- 
].-*tence by Mr. Flickinger and the other 
imced penmen above named. 

About ten years ago Mr. Smith went to Atlanta and took a 
oursem expert accounting under that courtly gentleman, 
J. J. Sullivan, in whose school be subsequently became a 
teacher, working his way ap six years ago to'the superin- 
lendencyof the commercial department. Recontly'he bought 
^ half interest in that prosperous school, whicb "now bears 
'be name of Sullivan, Crichton & Smith's Bus. CoU aud 
School of Shorthand. As a penman The Journal ran con- 
scientiously say that he has very few equals in this or any 
"ther country. A taste of bis quality is gii — -- " 
l>age of this issue. 

In 18y3 Mr. Smith \v 
'lue of Atlanta's mo; 
home and family, to ' 

iiours may be found i _ ,—,-,. 

V Itb black-eyed Agnes or blue-eyed Dorothy. 

■idmission to the bar of R. E, Holaday. Wilmington. O , the 
well-known commercial teacher. Mr. Holaday taught in the 
Davis Military School, Winston, N. C, for several years and 
'■'■"-' ^--'~=n eastern Pennsylvania. The legal profession 

Boston, delivered an address upon " Suggestions for the Us< 
of Works of Art in the Class Room." An address was also 
delivered by Dr. Melvil Dewey, Secretary of the State Board 
of Regents. Mr. Fred Hovey Allen spoke on " Art as an 
Element of National Greatness." Iu the evening of the i">th 
a banquet was given a' ->-- "■ --- '» - ■ 

t the Clarendon Hotel. 

1 another 

I to have quite i 

I teachers, 

-_lQding privileges of the Algonqu.^ ^.u». „,,, ^^ 
Bridgeport a flrst-class school and stands' well .« i.u^ ^nj, 
s is evidenced b;? his connection with leading organizations 

- ,- - -. I attraction for 

> Mr. Holaday is the third we have lately heard OL „ „„ „„., 
■titered it. The others are E L. Elliott, Vinton, la., and R. E. 
Lee Reynolds, Amsterdam, N. Y. 

— The Journal editor is indebted to Fred Enos. Principal 
I nion Business College, Bridgeport, Conn., for many eour- 
extended during our stay in Bridgeport recently, in- 
Club. Mr. Enos is giving 
the city, 

f social and busmess i 
. — W. J. Martin, Principal Pen. and Com'l Departments, Le 
Mars, la., Normal School, in a. late letter writes : " I hasten 
'o acknowledge my appreciation of that excellent cover 
'lesign by Dennis in the February Jochral I believe such 
work will do more to stimulate art appreciation than whole 
'-■arloads of amateur ' artistic ' penmanship. His le^ssont in 
wDgrosaing will be worth many times the cost of your valua- 
''li? paper. " 

w m*^® ninth semi-annual session of the New York State 
Art Teachers' Aescioation was opened in the Art Galleries 
Montague Street, Brooklyn, March 3.5th and 26th. The chief 

Another brilliant young penman, mention of whom is here 

quite apropos by reason of the strong 

endsbipexisting between htm and the 

gentleman who has just held the stage, 

latter part of the sixties. He is another 
of the legion of farmer boys who have 
come to the front by dint ot energy and 
intrinsic merit. He was graduated from 
MilliK'an College in '8S. Having taken a 
cniiiJ^e in bookkeeping and penmanship, 
thr lollowingyear found him an instruc- 
tor of these branches at his Alma Mater, 
but leeling the need of more thorough 
special training, he resigned a year later 

■E. and turned for inspiration to that gifted 

penman, R. S. Collins, then connected 

lie College. Later he^spent some time at the 

3 commercial teacher at 

with K; 

In '92 Mr. Price accepted a pli 
Sullivan & Crichton's B C. Atlanta. Gn,. where he remained 
for four years. Since that time be has been penman and 
secretary of the KnoxviUe, Tenn.. B. C, and also discharges 
the duties ol' spLTia! t^^^^ubcr of penmanship in the Baker- 
Himel University Suhnol, Knosville. As a penman brother 
Price has a tinn finished style. He is a man of strong char- 
acter, deep culture aud loyal friendships, as The Journal 
has reason to know. We quote from a letter recently re- 
ceived from his friend, J. H. Smith ; 

"Price is one of the most accomplished all-round penmen 
in the profession. His ornamenal writing is exceedingly 
delicate and graceful, possessing a charm that is uuiversally 
admired. As a business writer he stands in the foremost 
ranks of the profession ; as a teacher he is a success, I have 
never known an instructor who could create and maintain 
more interest and enthusiasm in the class-room than C. G. 
Price, His manner being quiet and dignified, he immediately 
gains the respect and confidence of his pupils, which never 

th Mr. Price for a number of 
and at the fireside, and have bad 

during theii 
i was closely i _ 

irs in the school 

pie opportunity to study his strong and beautiful Gh*!- 

tian chai 

" Like several of our I 
an ear for music and en 
magnificent tenor voice 
the pupils but many of 

publishing house. 

compliments and 
ry 27th contains i 

gratulations to both niembers of the fii 

— The Atlanta C'y?is/i7w//o»i of Pebr 
article praising the Atlanta B. C. 

Pieties ._„_ _ 

annual contest at Carnegie Hal), Allegheny. March ^othr 

~ The Board of Regents of the California State University 
on February 8th added a commercial college with a broad 
course to that institution. In addition to the commercial 
branches usually taught, ship-building, duties of consuls, 
commercial geography, etc, are taught. 

— A very readable and decidedly complimentary write-up 
of the Kaukattee, 111.. B. 0. is that published in the Daily 
Gazette of that city. The proprietor, N. L. Richmond, comes 
in for much praise. 

— The Youngstown, Ohio, Sunday Morninrj Newa of March 
20th contains a full page advertisement of Browne's Short- 
hand and Commercial College. Over half oC the spacp is occu- 
pied by testimonials from prominent firms who have em- 
ployed students of the school. 

This gentleman, Calviu Theodore Miller, claims that he 
was born at Manchester, Md., on Feb. 26. 1H37. and we sup- 
pose we shall have to take his word for it, though one would 
not ibink so to look at him. He came of 
sturdy patriotic American stock, his an- 
being among the early settlers of 

He was graduated from the B, & S. B C. 
Philadelphia, and went to Newark in 18US 
to take charge of the practical depart- 

has always i 
by doing flrst-class 
thousands have gone 
equipped tn di-i.-lmrL'" 
sponsible iiu^im -- p ,- 

For many \ 
work. In l^;|^ i , . , 
mary Uniui, -n ^ ,:,.i., 
ganizatiou wL.. li Ln^ 
importance in the U. S 

One of Mr. Miller's ri 
is our friend E. A. New 
the West, havmg originated i 

d men in the New Jersey B. C. 
The young man came out of 
farm in Medina Co., Ohio. 
t school, and 

later the Noi 
Ohio. Then . 

in graded schools, ^ 

at the Normal. A special Chautauciua 

nded distr,_. 

nal College at Wads 

IT years of teaching 
■ith vacations spent 

I graduating c 

) and later ('9L „ , _,„ 

at Eastman College, Poughkeepsie, and g 
special penmanship course under G. 
Bixler, ot Wooster, Ohio, put him in posi- 
tion to discbarge the professional duties 
of a teacher with credit to himself and to 
his employer. Four ;or five years ago, 
upon the recommendation of Thk Jour- 
nal. Mr. Miller employed him as prin- 
cipal of the theory department. He now 
has full swing of the penmanship depart- 
ment in connection with other duties. 
In addition to being a good writer he is deeply interested 
in the higher phases of pen art and has built up a good 
business in the engrossing line, g— '■--'---^ ..... 
won him a host of friends, includit 
professional associates. 
— At the sixteenth annual meeting of the Noithern Tndiana 

His tact and geniality h, 

"*" all of his students and 

friends W. S. Hiser, O. W. Nottingham. W. H. Atha, Miss 
Cora A. Ney and Miss Cora A. Starr. There was also an art 
section of which Miss Alice E. Hillis, South Bend, Presiding 
Chairman, Miss Lea Louise Ingraham, Indianapolis, Prosi- 

— The Stamford, Cann.. Telc<j,am of March Ititb has a lead- 
ing article of two columns on an address on Hawaii, delivered 
by W. J. Amos, Merrill College, before the Royal Arcanum. 

— The Sacramento. Cal.. Kvcning Bee, under the caption 
'" Quarter Century of College Life." describes in a graphic 
manner the twenty-fifth anniversary of the founding of the 
Sacramento B. C. E. C. Atkinson. Proprietor. A pleasant 
address was delivered by W. E. Cogswell, the well-known 
penman. Mr. Atkinson was presented with a very handsome 
gold handled umbrella. 

— The Akron, O., Daih/ Democrat, in a late number, pays a 
high compliment toJ. O. Wiao, Supervisor of Writing and 
Drawing m the Akron, 0„ Public Schools. It de-^cribes his 
address at the regular semi monthly meeting of the teachers 
of Coventry Township, the subject of which was "■ What 
Shall Be Done with the First and Second Grades When Not 
Reciting, or Busy Work for Little Polks." 

— Under the caption " A Commercial Mart in Mtniatiu-e." 
the Kansas Commoner, Wichita, Kans.. devotes three columns 
of space to a write-up of the Wichita C. C, of which E. H. 
Robbins is principal and proprietor. It is a strong article, 
and high praise is given to Mr. Kobbius and his energetic 
corps of assistants. 

Moi'einrnfs of the Teachers. 

— A. H Davenport has accented the principalship of the 
Dover, N. J., B. C, and will have the entire management of 

it and his present school in Newton, N. J., as well. Cbarlea 

Dell, Marshall, Mich, is the new teacher m Drake's Jersey 

City, N. J.. B. C. H. C. Walker, formerly ot tit. Louis, Mo., 

is now teacher in the Punxsutawney, Pa., B. C L. H. Mar- 
tin, Dixon, III., is the now teacher of shorthand iu Leming's, 
Bradford, Pa , B C Edward Wade has changed his alle- 
giance from the St. LouisC.C. to the Grand Island, Neb , B C. 

-H. E. Obershain of Roanoke, Va., i 

Keesliug, formerly of IndianapDlis. Iml , is principal of the 
penmanship and commercial departments ot the Wartburg 

Academy, Waverly, la Geo. S, McClure, late prmcipal of 

the commercial department of the Tyrone, Pa.. High School, 
has been compelled to give up work because of ill health, 

and has gone to his home in Beaver Falls. Pa M. A. Adams, 

Sitka, O., is organizing classes throughout the Buckeye 

State. W. S. Asbby changes from the Alumo City B. C . 

Sau Antonio. Texas, to the Bowling Green, Ky , B. C. G. 

T. Brice, is principal of the Y. M. O. A., Marinette, Wis. 

A. T. Adimson is now connected with Anderson's B. C. 

Altoona, Pa. R, L. Freed, late of Aurora, III., has accepted 

a place with D. C. Tubbs in his Kittanning, Pa., B. C H. 

M. Garrett is now penman in the Vani^eburg, Ky., Normal 

School. P. A. Westropo, formerly of Red Oak, la , is now 

State Agent of the Midland Savings and Loan Co., and is 

located at Walsenburg, Colo. H, C. Smith, the well known 

penman and artist, is doing crayon work in Ked Oak, 

Iowa, P. H. Read, late a teacher in the Now York Bus. 

Inst., has quit teaching to become an advertising agent. His 
address will be Amherst, Mass. 

Ifvtv Schools, Chaii(/r.i, i:fe. 
— T. T. Wilson and C. E. Williams of the Brockton, Mas*.. 

B. U. have opened still another school, the Attleboro, Mass , 
B. U., and have engaged W. L. Thomas, late of Cohoes, N. Y,, 

School of B., as Prin. Bliss B. C, Lewiston, Me., P. L. and 

F. H. Bliss, Proprietors. F. L. Bliss, Manager, is a new ^rli.>ul 

in the Bliss chain. Bliss B. C, Torrington, Conn., P. H LJlis.'^, 

President, and H. A. Holaday, Prin., is another new rictKJol lu 

the Bliss New England chain. H. W. Sbafer, Priu. ot the 

Carlisle, Pa., C. C, sold that institution on February 2Uth to 
I, L. Calbert and O. K. Weibley. The new proprietors are 
graduates of the institution, and they have selected I. F 
Mountz, a 'HH Zaneriau, as president. Mr. Mountz also has a 

financial interest in the intsitution Bliss B. C, Meriden, 

Conn., is still another new linU in the Bliss chain. W. H. 
Bowman, formerly of Chambersburg, Pu., B. C, is resident 
prmcipal and manager. Mr. Bowman was a recent Journal 
office caller, and showed us very strongly worded testimonials 
signed by the leading bankers and business m«n of Cham- 
bersburg on his rutiring from his school in that city. A 
western business college recently conferred the Master of 
Accounts upon Mr. Bowman. August Fischer, penman. 

Alfred Jarl, father of Edward L. Jarl, the well-known pen 
man in Brown's Business College, Galesburg, 111., died at hi 
home near Galesburg on March :Ust. Mr. Jarl was. 06 year 
of age. was born in Sweden, and for several years has beei 

portion of the programme .<»» 
hibits saitable for the school i 

■ 600 e 

a pre- 

Secretary. We notice on the programme 

Commercial Teachers' Association. 

Saturttaif, ^farvh !>, IHfiS, 

Meeting called to ordur at 10 Jo at Packard's B. C. N. Y. 

Minutes of preceding meeting read and approved. 

Membership Committee reported favorably on the following 
names, who were duly elected by tho vote of the Secretary, 
by motion of Mr. Rider, seconded by Mr. Webster, that tho 
constitution be suspended and the Secretary directed to cast 
the ballot for the new members: 

A. J. Scarborough, Boys' High School. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

W. J. Solly. Peirce School, Philadelphia, Pa. 

L. M. Oelsen, Heffley School of Commerce. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Prof. R. E. Dodge, Teachers' College, New York. 

C. C. Gaines, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

W. H. Sadler, Sadler's Business College. Baltimore, Md. 

Miss Alice Well?, Merrill's Business College, Stamford, 

J. D. Houston, High School. New Haven, Conn, 

Mrs. Arthur Cooper, 101 East laid Street, New York. 

J. C. Todd. Randalls Island, N Y., House of Refuge. 

The amendmt-nt to the constitution offered at the preced- 
ing meeting to be voted upon at this meeting— namely, that 
Art. 6, Sec. 5, relating to tho quorum of the Membership 
Committee, shall he changed to read; "Three members of 
the committee shall constitute a quorum," was duly carried. 

A communication from Mr. Byrne on behalf of Dr. W. P. 



(Accompanying article on Father Spencer.) 

Wilson of the Pbiladelphia Commercial Museum, Inviting 
this association to hold the next or some other future meet- 
ioB in the c-itv of Philadelphia and at the Museum, was read 
and accepted'. Upon motion of Mr. Miner, duly seconded by 
Mr. Rider, the President was authorized to appoint a com- 
mittee to make the necessary arrangements, etc. 

The President appointed the following committee to pre- 
pare a course of English for Business Schools, through the 
power invested in him at the preceding meeting : S. S. Pack- 
ard, C. t;. Gaines and J. P. Byrnes. 

The paper of the day, by Mr. S. S. Packard, " Elocution 
versus Public Speaking," was read and duly appreciated. 
Mr. Alfred Ayres, in discussing the paper, said that he 
thought a better title would have been " An Appeal for the 
Cultivating of Oratory ; " that there was not much about elo- 
cution in the paper. He spoke of the " Natural," and said 
that many teachers adopt means to attain the " Natural " 
that absolutely defeat the object they aim at. All elocution- 
ists strengthen and cultivate the muscles of the voice appa- 
ratus. This is as necessary as cultivating the muscles of any 
other part of the body. Much of the elocution, so-called, is 
no more elocution than a scrawl is calligraphy. The first con- 
dition of elocution is to find out what the language means. 
Nobody can read well until he understands what it means. 
There is no " New Elocution." Man has delivered language 
in essentially the same way since there were any men who 
spoke. The cultured and uncultured in all langanges speak 
inlessentlally the same way. Nature glides (luickly over unim- 
portant facts, but stops on the important points. Elocution 
is a very dilBcult art, much more dilHcult than people think. 
The man who wants to be natural when he reads, must think 
of what he is reading about, and not of the tones of his voice. 
When a man makes a gesture, the emotion must be back of 
it, or else it is not a gesture. The tones must take care of 
themselves, and the thought take his entire attention. There 
are two classes of elocution— brawn elocution and brain elo- 

Dr. J. L. N. Hunt said : " I indorse every word Mr. Packard 
says. His standpoint is that the speaker must have some- 
thing to say ; and, second, the means of saying it. No kind 
of gymnastic elocution will give him soinethnig to say." 

The paper was also disirussed by Messrs. Gaines, Walworth, 
Goldsmith, Rider, Wright and others. 

Mr. Rider moved that Mr. Packard's paper be reproduced 
for the use of the members of this association. Seconded by 
Mr Gaines, and carried. 

A suggestion was presented regarding a change in the 
name of this association. The point was made that the name. 
" Commercial Teachers' Association," was not distinctive 
enough when considered in conjunction with the names of 
similar bodies througliout the country. Upon motion of Mr. 
Horton, duly seconded and carried, the matter was referred 
to the Governing Committee for report at the next meeting. 

Upon motion of Mr. Drake, duly seconded and carried, the 
meeting adjourned. 

Mr. M, L. Miner, Tre*surer uf the Association, request 
The Jol'Rnal to state that newly elected members 
would lighten his work by promptly remitting the one 
dollar dues as soon as they receive notice of their elec 
tion, either through The Journal or by special postal 
card. Mr. Jliner's address is Hefiiey School of Com- 
merce, 'i.'il Ryerson street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Keep back your own troublt; 
tUem back. Put them aside, an 
tact with you feel only the rceii 
of sympathy, understanding und 
and when it is needed. Remen 1 1 
to help others is throngh your ,-1 
are. No lasting work can be doi 

-don't hide them but keep 

"Father Spencer." 


This sketch of Father Spencer began i» the February 
number of The Journal. The future arUcles will give 
reminisences of old time penmen who were pupils of Father 
Spencer.— Ed. Journal. 

No. 3. 

^HEN Father Spencer was In hts 
thirty- first year, in 1S31, he removed 
with his young wife and child from 
the village of East Ashtabula, where 
he had resided some fifteen years or 
more, to the town of Geneva in the 
same county. The purpose of his removing was to 
escape temptations to drink. In the following year he 
bought fifty acres of land on Indian Creek, being the 
south half of lot number one in the northeast corner of 
the town. This land was covered with a dense forest 
except a small opening made by an early Canadian 
squatter who had built on it a rude log cabin, into which 
Mr. Spencer moved with his wife and child, surrounded 
by a wilderness and without roads Here he subsisted 
partly by fishing and the cultivation of the small plot of 
ground about his cabin. He occasionally visited the 
larger settlements in which he taught classes in pen- 
manship, thereby enabling him to pay for, clear and 
build upon his little farm. 

In leaving his secluded home in the forest he was 
again exposed to temptations to drink, which he was 
unable to resist, returning to his cabin and devoted wife 
In a sad condition. Anxiously waiting and watching his 
return, she guided his unsteady footsteps across Indian 
Creek, whose winding current is shown in the glimpse 
of Indian Creek farm, and tenderly nursed him back to 
reason and himself. About this time he came fully to 
realize that for him and for others total abstinence from 
intoxicants was the only safe principle. 

He believed that he was the first to publicly take that 
ground, but about that time, without his knowledge, 
the same principle was advocated in Scotland and New 

Sustained and encouraged by the devoted affection 
and tender sympathies of his wife, he was at last able to 
resist his cravings for alcohol, which however followed 
him through life and against which he kept up a contin- 
ual battle to the end of his days. 

The following poem by Mr. Spencer is doubtless ex- 
pressive of his personal experiences : 

He stood beside the sparkling wine, 
He bowed him at the cheating shrine, 

He drained the social bowl ; 
His blood was warmed with liquid fire, 
That heightens while it mocks desire, 

And poisons all the soul. 

Again he drank, again he felt 

His thirst return, till manhood melts 

And reason leaves her throne; 
While in the temper's coils he lay, 
No fear of danger crossed his way, 

Luird by her siren tone I 

Again he drank ; again, again, 
What maniac fury fires bis veins 

And marks his mad career '. 
And Angel's voice exhorts, implores. 
For woman's love with life endures, 

And pleads through all her tears. 

Thus wasted all his goods and store, 
Want sits with sorrow at the door, 

Where tattered garments wave ; 
And yet, O God ! he drinks again— 
No human drop can fill his veins, 

His is the druukard's grave. 

O no ! he lives, he lives again. 

No more he drinks, no more he drains, 

Gloty to God on high ! 
Reason returns, and millions join 
In the redeeming song divine, 

Ascending to the sky. 

Oh, God of mercy, hear our prayer 
Still make the prodigal Thy care. 
And guard us from the bowl ! 
Those drops compose a dangerous wave 
Where, once embarked, the unwary slave 
Perils his priceless soul. 

P. R. Spknceh. 
lodian Creek farm was the scene of Father Spencer's 
hard struggles with alcoholism and poverty, and here it 
was that he made his most determined efforts toward 
self-control and manhood and the and hon jrs 
that ultimately crowned his life and labors. 

Father Spencer was succeeded in authorship on the 
Spencerian publications by his sons, who have been loyal 
to his ideas and methods in treating the subject of pen- 

Upon his son, the late Henry C. Spencer, Washington, 
D. C, devolved the principal responeibilities of author- 
ship at the death of his father in 1S0+, 

Upon return from the army of his youngest son, Lieut. 
Lyman P. Spencer, at the close of the war in ISO.'), he 
assumed the principal labors of Spencerian authorship in 
the revisioQ, improvement and extension of Spencerian 
publications, a position which he has occupied continu- 
ously and still retains. 

None of Father Spencer's song are so richly endowed 
with his rare genius and temperament as his youngest 
son Lyman, who inherits the superior qualities of both 
his father and mother. 

Of Father Spencer's three daughters who lived to 
womanhood— namely, Sarah, Phcebe and Nellie— the 
former was recognized as the mo6t accomplished pen- 
woman in America, having inherited much of his artistic 
and teaching talent. 


I'letly New York <;irl Found Ilrr Fate liy Sciidiiii; a 
Note ill n Bni.ket ol'Giapus Sbe W nn I'nekiiig. 

PltovlDESCE, R. I. Jan. as.— A polite invitation to the 
finder to write, neatly tuclied in dmonR the bunches ot his- 
cioua New York grapas she was preparing fur Eastern niin- 
kets, won for pretty Miss Nellie Ulivia Mii^on of Bath, N. V , 
a well-to-do young bachelor merchant of Newpoit. T)]'- 
honeymoon has .iust ended, and Samuel Monroe Bectni-, un 
enterprising shoo dealer m the city by tho sea, is receivm^,' 
hearty congratulations on his great good fortune. 

Miss Mason last September put the invitation in a basket 
of grapes which found its way mto the hands of Rector. He 
read tue note, and admired the doltcate handwriting. He 
wrote again and again, and the corresijondence grew more ar- 
dent, until photographs were exchanged, and then visit? and 
engagement ensued. 

ake fewer mistakes than he 

(Accompanying article on Father Spenci 

^C/e/ima/ih d^CCL^ut/iaO? 

Correlated Lesson for Second and Third 

SuuiJU^ £/ HlfiXie. 

Poor spelling comes in part from poor writing. Send 
the poor writers to the board at least once each day for 
written language. If there is room, send everybody, 
but if not, let those in seats do the same work on paper. 
Children who are weak, nervons, awkward and stiff will 
do so much better in the large, freehand writing of the 
blackboard, and how tbey love it ! 

The primary grade teachers always have a " general 
lesson," developing new words and sentences with the 
children. This oral language is usually reproduced 
with the pen. Great care is taken with the arrange- 
ment of the sentences, never using 
" I," nor beginning with the " The " 
too often. 

The following may be called a spell- 
ins lesson in which writing, capitals, 
plurals, grammar and punctuation are 

A word is never taught alone, but 
always in a complete thought or 

The teacher dictates a word, then 
the sentence. Use an object or illus- 
tration and require an elliptical answer in concert. 

For example: "What do you wear on your feet ? " 
" Shoes." " Shoes are made of If ather." The teacher 
writes "Shoes," and erases instantly. Class write it 
once. The teacher writes " s" and asks " Is it a capital 
or a small letter?" "h " is as high again as " s?" Class 
writes " shoes " again. 

All have begun so close under the first that there is 
not room for "h." Class writes the third word. All 
erase. The teacher presents "o"and *'©" and illustrates 
the joining. 

Class writes " oe," drawing a line for the top boundary 
and the teacher corrects individuals. The teacher 
presents "leather," counting down strokes. The sud- 
den erasing is called flash writing. The children 
receive mental photographs. 

Take as many impressions as necessary. The teacher 
dictates sentence. When all are through she asks im- 
pressively, " What is it that begins every sentence ? " 
Erase and substitute a capital. Again, " What is it that 
closes this sentence?" Place period, "of" is often 
written " ob." Practice " of." 

Of course every class must be in good working order 
and the teachers give easy sentences, while training 

Always use the calisthenic command, " Ready ; 
begin ! " Give signal to erase. The pupils never try to 
" improve " a word. The teacher does all the marking 

Use the edge of eraser to draw a straight line through 
the dust, to help in writing a sentence straight. A lit- 
tle practice is enough. Never draw a chalk line to 
write upon. 

Always use the calisthenic signal, "Ready, begin." 
You can have a good lesson on "dto." Half the class 
will write " 'ho," after taking one glance at the teach- 
er's copy. Erase, with no remarks. Try the second 
time ; result as before. A&k class to give each letter as 
you write it the third time. " Tu." " No, you must not 
say ' w ' until the little curve is put on." 

The next attempt may result in half a dozen " ^'o's." 
Ju3t erase those yourself as a sign of displeasure. Never 
have the class (a young class) look at a wrong copy and 
criticise it, if you can avoid doing so. Suppose a sen- 
tence similar to this is dictated : " John has two balls." 
A number probably write : "Join has two ball." Ask 
them and point, " One or more ? " Children can always 
repeat rules glibly, but are often unable to apply them 
habitually, and the teacher's daily duty is to form a 
habit of telling the truth with the chalk or pen. 1 have 
bad many a pupil read aloud what his chalk did not say. 

A special teacher often blunders in giving copies and 
directions that are not in harmony with the grade 
teacher's instructions. For instance, the primary teach- 
ers avoid sentences beginning with " 1." Only a grade 
teacher can ring the changes on these lessons. She will 
make the copies fit the day. A specialist is quite likely 
to Ret the cart bsfore the horse, unless on the alert. 

The form study has its place in the writing lesson, but 
is time almost wasted if it is not succeeded soon by some 
application to the written language. " o " and " a " are 
often confused, and for them take the word '■^huat." 

Let the artist in the class draw a sailboat, and the clase 
write the word "sailboat" without prompting. End 
with a sentence about " pilgrims," if it is Thanksgiving. 
" 6 " needs special drill in " bubbles." Sometimes the 
teacher gives the letter sound and class writes the letter 
name. "Hundred" is often spelt "hunderd," " hun- 
dered," and the class is quite satisfied. 

One pupil with back to board may spell the word 
without sight. 

The teacher asks a question and the class gives the 
written answer. 

The teacher leaves a word on the board, and a child 
uses it in a sentence for the class to write. Do not give 
particular directions for holding crayon until after sev- 
eral lessons. Take short pieces; long crayons squeak. 
Small children usually try pencil position with long 
crayon, and chalk and pen are not alike in position. 

Write as large as the space will allow. It takes train- 
ing to write in a straight line. Stand back, and, with 
eraser in right, draw a line through the dust with the 
soft comer of eraser and write sentence on that line. ; 

Place an " o " between each word and afterward erase 
" o," leaving words the proper distance apart. 

Running words together is a serious fault in vertical 

Sometimes have a building game as follows : Take the 
ink bottle and ask for the written name of the liquid in 
it. Even in the third and fourth grades the attempts 
of the children at phonic spelling are comical, It shows 
that defective bearing prevails in a fourth of each room. 
I have had in one room alone, enk, aink, unk, inck, 
ank, eng, ing, md, and other variations, and this in 
rooms that had often seen the correct spelling on the 

The vertical " /c " is an awkward letter, so we have a 
drill upon it now. Beginning with "ink," the pupils 
write this list of words in a column ; the teacher writes 
" ink " once and each new letter con- 
nects with it by a line. " What is this 
color?" "Pink." "What do you do 
J I • I with your brain?" "Think." "Where 
LrLL/TLrC do you go to skate ? " " Rink." 

Describe each word and correct any 

t\JST\\( faulty combinations as in "br" and 

" cl ;" but the letter that gets the most 

,iou is the " k." 

By the time the last word is down, the 

column has a most disreputable appear- 

JxXJX\\{_ ance, so it is best to erase and rewrite 

for arrangement. Children may be able 

fl p ■ 1 to copy one word beautifully and yet fail 

'yjOjTut to think and arrange well at the same 

oL/L-UTuk. ^^ * grammar grade the subject and 
predicate are dictated and the pupils add 
the parts of speech, beginning with 
" Flowers bloom," and ending with 
" Bright and beautiful flowers of spring- 
CfXXJJTlK. time bloom here in the woods and 

J ' I Dr. Rice has this in the Formn : " Chil- 

'^^'*^^-^~^^(ut dren have limitations in written language 
that many teachers fail to understand. 
cJ^-L/TufC The written expression is alwajs behind 
the oral expression, and a common fault 
.0 ' I is that we overtask the children. It is 
'^'^"'^'^"'^'^^a serious waste of time to require cbil- 
- . dren to write a page or two of ' repro- 

XjjyxK. duel ion,' the teacher to cover it with red 

ink and the child to rewrite it." 
^ * D Don't write unless you want to express 

"^^"^■^^^^ something. Put it down on paper once 
foi all. Form the habit of not stuttering with your 
pen. Don't write for the sake of writing. 



Hints on Drawing. 

A KivA I.IMS01I. 
No. 1. 


Children, this bright spring morning instead of having 
our regular drawing lesson 1 want to talk to yoa about 
birds. (Children's eyes sparkle, and they unconsciously 
straighten up in their seats.) 

Different kinds of birds have very different habits. 
Some live on flesh, some on seeds and berries, some on 
worms and bogs, some on flies and small insects, and a 
few eat any or all of these things. Some live almost 
wholly in trees, some on the ground and others on tho 

1 will draw on the blackboard a bird which many of 
you have seen and will describe some of its habits, and 
we will see how many boys and girls will know what 
bird it is. {Begins drawing ) 

This bird has a long, sharp bill, a flab head, a plump 


body and a short tail. His legs are rather long and his 
toes slender. His head, back and wings are of a brown- 
ish color with streaks and spots of black on each feather. 
The outside feathers of his t«il are white, which show 
quite plainly when he is flying. 

His throat and breast are a bright lemon yellow, and 
in the center of his breast is a patch of glossy black 
which looks like a black bib hung around his neck. Hie 
home is in the flelds and meadows. He gets his break- 
fast, dinner and supper on the ground. During the 
spring and summer months in passing through the flelds 
you will often see the father bird perched on the top of 
some low bush or fence post. 

Listen and you will hear him whistle a tune some- 
thing like this. {Whistles the notes. Children's hands 
go up ) I think he is saying to his mate hidden some- 
where among the graFses with four or five speckled eggs 
under her feathers : " ru (akr care of yon, VU take care 
of >mi." He is the watchman on the lookout for danger, 
for if a man with a gun or a boy with his dog comes 
along that way instead of singing his usual song he gives 
a loud chatter, which means : " There's danger about," 
" Lie low," " Keep quiet," and the old mother bird sits 
so still she hardly breathes until again the cheerful 
musical call of her mate tells her that the danger has 

In the autumn when the young birds can fly as well as 
their parents these birds collect in flocks and search the 
stubble fields and pastures for their favorite food, which 
is caterpillars, worm=, bugs and different kinds of seeds. 


When very cold weather comes they fly away to the 
Southern States, where they spend the winter. (In 
Tennessee they are more abundant in winter than at 
any other season,) Let me see the hands of all who 
think they know the name of this bird by the drawing 
a»jd description I have given. (Several hands are up.) 
Mary thinks it is a quail, and while this bird is some- 
thing like a quail in color and habits, a quail has a short 
bill and has no yellow on his breast. (Several wild 
guesses are made, and at last the boy or girl who really 
knows gets a chance.) 

Hubert is right, it is the meadow lark, or field lark, as 
he is called in some States. Let us get better acquainted 
with these birds by watching them this season, and let 
UB study the other birds we have with us, Learn not 
only their names but their habits. See how they fly, 
find out what they like to eat and the next time we 
have a bird lesson instead of my doing all of the talking 
yoa may be able to help me. 

To be Continued. 

How to Secure Better Applied Penmanship. 


Ist. Indicate the changes most needed by placing in 
red ink upon the pupil's manuscript the initials or signs 
shown upon the accompanying key. 

2d. Return the corrected manuscript 

to the pupil when about to assign another 

written exorcise, int-isting that errors 

thus pointed out must not reappear. 

3d. Have the corrected and the newly 

^J^ '^H written papers placed together for col- 

^^K. y >i| lection. When no improvement is noted 

■^^^ Vkj proceed as in case of any other study. 

Rem.— The only true test of a pupil's 

D. W. HdKK. ability to write is to be found in the 

character, not of his technical, but of 

his applied penmanship— in what he does rather than 

what he can do. 

Your pupils will give you as poor applied penmanship 

XV [ 

as yon sre willing to acoept^as good as, in reason, yoo 

exact. , , .. i.1. 

Teachers coald place the " key " on the board if they 
could not get copies for the popils. 



I, — Larger. 

s — Smaller. 

r,l ^ r.iBhter, 

f -- Kast«r. 

B — BeginniiiKS. 

12 =: EudlnifS. 

T = Turns, rountl 

Sp = Spacing?, bet. 


J = Join letters. 

SS = Same size. 
»■ = Improved, or 

X — Rewrite. 
II = Parallel down 

Is Supervision a Necessity, and Why ? 





what othe 


In T>repn 

tlip ((uesti 

n alv 

for a ionri 
fays arises 

i have done and in the light of 


that . 

, 01- the purchase of anything, 
ith* sensible people, what is the 
The same is true with the 
first introduction of the specialist. 
Can you afford it ? 

A decade ago ice was regarded 
as a luxury, now it is a necessity. 

The telephone in its incipiency was 
a mere toy. but what is it now ? 

What changes luxury to neces- 
sity ? Environment modifies opin- 
ion and soon we are led to believe 
that which at first seemed erron- 

A progressive teacher means all 
the name implies. Progress in teaching means improve- 
mont, and improvement in this day and generation means 

Could th'o specialist be retained without cost. I question if 
one voice would be raised against him. The cost plays no 
])art in the purpose served or the object acquired. The fact 
that you need a thing and have not the money to pay for it, 
does not lessen the obligation or duty to self. 

An excuse is trivial when considering a nec;ssity in the 
light of cost. Instead of questioning bow can I afford it. 
better question how can I not afford it. I believe in count- 
ing the cost, but it should be based on a principle of right. 

Supervision is a necessity even with skilled workmen and 
Improved machinery ; how much more so is it with the army 
of intelligent teachers of our public schools, who could not. if 
thoy would, do the greatest good to the greatest number, 
except by concerted action through a leader, the same as an 
army through its general. 

Supposing all teachers were capable of teachJDg writing 
(and who would dare declare it a truth, even to the point of 
a minority), is not supervision a necessary part to focus the 
results of one grade or one room into that of another r Could 
the results of each be made a harmonious whole without 
some leader to formulate plans and carry them into execu- 
tion? Don't talk about the good old times when our great 
grand parents went to school. It is not a question of how they 
got along Ibefore the advent of barbed wire, telephones and 
electric street <;ars. It is simply a question of what we must 
do noir to win. What they used to do will not do now. 

The system of progress employed in one part of thecoun- 
trv must be utilized in another part, else the weak will suffer 
at the hands of the strong. 

With faithful and efficient teachers the public schools all 
over our broad land can secure results that places her prod- 
uct shoulder to shoulder to do battle with other nations. 

What condemnation would you visit upon a system of 
schools that did not teach the intricacies of fractions ? 

And yet this is in effect just what we are not doing in writ- 
ing in thousands of cities oC the nation. Not only have we 
no .supervision (because of cost as a plea), but our teachers 
are grossly incapable of teaching the very first principles of 
a practical handwriting. 

How. then, can the children of one city or State, without the 
proper inntruction, compete with those of another city or 
State who not only have bad superior instruction, but show 
in every way their qualifications? Have not the children as 
they go out from our schools a just cause for complaint 
where the beht opportunities are not provided y * 

No one learns anything without a teacher, and no teacher 
can learn how to write without an instructor. 

The children of our public schools will never write better 
than thoy do now unless the teachers are capable in execu- 
tion. Where a supervisor is provided the way is easy. Where 
it is impracticable tben the teacher's pride and respect for 
the high calling .s/ioiWrf ftp incentive enough to fr^, andin some 
way possible learn to do far better than the majority can do 
notv. No chain is stronger than its weakest link, and no 
teacher is stronger than the wcakncsn displayed in a poor 
handwriting. You may teach a pupil to fully comprehend 
algebra through the signs made like hieroglyphics, but that 
pupil will never forgive the school that permitted no prepara- 
tion, much less completion, of the very thing that marks the 
advent of the average beginner in the worlds work. 

Recognition usually comes to the capable and faithful em- 
ployee. Other things being equal, the teacher who can write 
and teach writing is always in evidence, and can demand 

Let us then be up and doing. 

With a heart for any fate ; 

Still achieving, still pursuing. 

Learn to labor and to wait. 

C. H. Peiroe, 

Supervisor Penmanship, Evansville. Ind., Public Schools. 


How to Change from the Slant^to the 

"'-^T REALIZE, that . it. is difficult for one 
who is in the habit of leaning to 
straighten up and walk erect like a 
trained soldier. That being true, 
it might be inferred that it is just 
as difficult for a slant writer to 
acquire the vertical hand as it Is for 
one who is in the habit of leaning to 
walk erect. 1 know that it is difficult to do either with- 
out proper and systematic training, but with such train- 
ing either can be accomplished in a short time. It may, 
however, be difficult for some of the " old war horses " 
to change. I mean those who have developed a move- 
ment for the slant style and have written it all their 
lives, and who now believe that there is a natural mo- 
tion, such as they have developed, for all. And also 
those who claim that the vertical style can be written 
only by changing the position of the papar are, in my 
opinion wrong. I contend that the paper should be held 
in the same position asfoi- slant wnting and a mnsci'lay- 
movement should be developed so that the letters can be 
made vertically with a^ much freedom of movement as 
the slant letters are made. That is the way I write and 
teach the vertical style, and I have never knDwn any of 
my students who have practiced the vertical style for 
six months, one hoar each day, who have failed to ac- 
quire a neat and rapid business hand, while a majority 
of my students have been able to change from the slant 
to the vertical in eight weeks with one hour practice 
each day, 

And when it comes to speed, 

The vertical writers are in the lead. 

To change to the vertical, then, it is annecessary to 
change the position of the paper; but it is necessary to 
change the viotion of the arm and develop a movement 
for the vertical style. It is doing the vertical style an in- 
justice to attempt to write it with the movement devel- 
oped for the slant style, and yet that is what has been 
attempted by authors of copybooks if they have advo- 
cated movement at all. As a rule, however, movement 
is a minus quantity in copybooks, which makes them 
utterly worthless. The vertical copybooks are no bet- 
ter than the slant. 

it is conceded by all ^who have investigated that the 
vertical style is briefer and plainer than the slant style, 
but it has been opposed by professional penmen on the 
supposition that it could not be written with the same 
freedom of movement as the slant style, and I do not 
blame them for opposing the vertical on that hypothesis. 
But hypothesis is a poor datum for argument. / have 
found out by experience that the vertical style can be 
written with the same freedom as the slant, and if it is 
bjnefer and plainer why is it not superior to the slant 
style for rapid business 2}eninanship ? 

Take the same position of the pen. paper and body as 
for slant writing and proceed to make the -movement 
exercises vertical instead of slant, and a movement will 
soon be acquired which will enable one to write verti- 
cally easily and rapidly. The forms of- the letters are 
the same as for slant writing. The only difference is 
that they are straightened up. As a rule, however, 
they are a little rounder. But the vertical can be writ- 
ten in as many styles as the slant. 1 can write with a 
free, easy forearm movement either a round hand, run- 
ning hand or make the letters as angular as the slant. 

I have considered the question of vertical penmanship 
in an unprejudiced way and 1 do not hesitate in recom- 
mending the vertical for rapid business writing. It is 

true that 1 have published a '* Compendium of Vertica 
Penmanship," but that is no proof that I should favor 
the vertical on that account, as as I have also published 
a •' Compendium of Slant Penmanship," and am just as 
anxious to sell the slant compendium as the vertical. 
I believe that both styles are practical and have com© 
to stay. I do not believe that the vertical style is a 
panacea for ail the ills of humanity, nor do 1 believe 
that they are the progeny of the slant writing. The 
fault lies not in the systems of penmanship, but in the 
methods of teaching them. The fact that the vertical 
style is plainer, briefer and can be acquired in less time 
than the slant is no proof that the slant style is worth- 
less. Albert Backus, 

(Normal) Lincoln, Neb., Nor., Uni. 

Time Tests in Penmanship. 

UDGING.penmanship in the grammar 
grades or above, the time or facility 
with which the pen is used should be 
considered. With this in view the 
■following tests have been prepared : 

/•«»■ F//y/( iirittii'. 

Thirty words. Time, twomin. 

One day when (Us.) a girl was going (SOs.) home from 

school (47s.) she saw a lady (Im.) drop a ring dm. IZs.). She 

picked it up tlm. :;33.) and gavd it to (Im. Ws.) the one who 

t it I 

r>r Sixth anff Seventh (irades. 
Forty words. ■ Time, two min. 

The pure fresh (lOs.) "out-door air (18s.) is what we need 
(30s. ) ; it is the air in our (42fl.) houses that is likely (5.53. ) to be 
impure dm. :is.). It is not (Im. lOs.) healthy to stay in (Im. 
2.1s,) a room and breathe (Im, 3H3.t the same air (Im. .^Os.) 
again and again (2m )i 

For Eighth Grade. 

Fifty words. Time, two min. 

A crow one day (103.) found a piece of cheese (22s.) in the 
road (29s.). She flew with it (38s,J in her bill (463.) to a 
branch of a tree (Im.) where she could eat it in peace (Im. 
17s.). A sly old fox (Im, :i6s.) saw the crow (Im. 348.) and 
made up his mind (Im 46b,) to get the cheese from her (^m.). 

The last selection was taken from a paper published 
by the Burdett Business College of Boston. 

Begin dictating when the second hand of your watch 
points to sixty. Read the first group of words, wait the 
number of seconds indicated, read the next group and 
wait, and so on to the end. 

This kind of work puts all pupils on the same footing, 
and it is the fairest kind of a test. The object, of 
course, is to ascertain if pupils can write at a given rate 
and stitl produce good, legible writing. Although the 
principal object of the exercises is to test pupils, they 
may be so used as to aid in acquiring a more rapid hand- 
writing. If the defects in the forms are pointed out and 
the exercise repeatedly written with these corrections 
in mind, a good improvement will follow. There are 
usually a number of pupils iu every room who make 
good forms, but write too slowly, and a number of 
others who make very poor forms but write much faster 
than is necessary. Both of these classes will be bene- 
fitted by the exercises. 

We are not sure that the rates given above are the 
proper ones for the grades iadicated, and it is believed 
that a discussion of the subject would be profitable. 
Would it not be an advantage if teachers in the differ- 
ent grammar grades had a definite standard for rapidity 
along with a high standard for legibility and work for 
both together ? Harry Houston, 

Supervisor Penmanship, New Haven, Conn. 






Sketching from Nature. 


LWAYS begin by suggesting, plac- 
ing, sketching the principal objects, 
paying but little attention to details 
of perspective, light and shade, or 
shape of small forms. 

The scene from one of our parks 
gives some hints about drawing re- 
flections in water. The various and varying aspects of 
water as modified by the time of day, wind, surrounding 
objects, sky, etc., is truly multitudinous in variety and 
interesting in appearances. Nothing like the attempt 
to represent them will aid you so much to observe and 
enjoy them. 

Before beginning to draw any thing'or scene be careful 
to choose a good position— one at which the scene will 
appear at the best advantage. See that the scene cen- 
tralizes properly, and that it balances without being 
formal and stiff. 

The matter of composition, interest and attractiveness 
ts dependent more upon the point of view from which 
the scene is drawn than any other one thing. Artists 
very frequently spend more time in selecting a good 
position from which to draw than they spend in draw- 
ing it. 

You must therefore study carefully your point of 

;ents. It has a nickel plated finish, quite oruamontal, and i 
L very handy thing to hi 

way into many schools. The Packard Method of Teachins 
BookkeepinK is Mr. Packard's latest, and is the result of his 
teaching experience combined with the closest invystiKation 
of the business methods in the largest ofBoes in New York. 

— The Smith Intermedial Copy Books, published by H. P. 
Smith Publishing Co.. 11 East Sixteenth street. N. Y.. are al- 
ready in use in many of the largest cities of the United 
States. Many teachers prefer the intermedial to the standard 





On , 



Htreet, Chi- 

cago. 111., 


s- Business 

Practice. Gondvea 



e, in wholesaling and 


1 Thi. 


irk may 



finy systei 

a of thooret- 

ical hoobU 



course after 

any other 




e. It makes a feature 

of iuter-co 


on work 



may be o 

aiittedif do- 

^ ' JCOHNEF^.:Jf 

- The Eagle Pencil Co , a:7 Broadway, New York, in addi- 
tion to being pencil and penholder manufacturers, have a 
complete line of vertical and slant writing pens. In sendmg 
for sample mention The JournaTj. 

— The card ruling device advertised by C. A. Braniger. 
Parkersburg, W. Va., is highly spoken of hv penmen who use 
it. Henry D. Allison. Dublin, N. H.. writes that "It works 
to perfection. To anyone who writes cards it is worth 

it Th(.' Students' Standard Dictionary 
I offers the teacher as bic a S3 work 
It is a splendid work and 

thousands of readers don't take the B'>i 
proposition they are f-funny fellows, 
worth twice the money to any busint 
nothing of teachers. 

offers in another 

itudent, to say 

— The Bm-gman Patent Vertical Pen. manufactured by the 
Bergman Pen Co.. Ft. Madison, Iowa, is highly recomuiended 
by teachers and writers of the vertical style, among others 
being E C. Mills. This pen retails for one cent and is to be 
found at all stationers'. A sample will be aent by the r 
lacturers for - ' * ' 

would grace any library. 

— An inexpensive likeness is a mighty good thing for a com- 
mercial teacher to have, especially if he has any idea of 
changing his place. In negotiating with a stranger it is 
nearly always necessary to send a likeness, and large photo- 
graphs are expensive. If a teacher has a number of small 
and inexpensive ones convenient, he can well afford to attach 
them to his application, thus saving time and putting himself 
in as good a position as other alert teachers who are likely to 
apply and not lorget this important detail We are re- 
minded of this by seeing st-me excellent little likenesses from 
theH J. Phillips Teachers' Supply House. Williamsport. Pa. 


Chain Lightning 

School News. 

Word comes to The Journal of another wretched 
business college mix np. The Cohoes Business College, 
recently founded by King & Spencer, closed its doors 
early in March, leaving many mourners. The Cohoes 
Itepublu-an of March 13 published a red hot article in 
which it is announced that " the buncoed students have 
learned more than they bargained for." The Cohops 
Daihi News of March 5 has Ukewise a long article with 
this heading -. 




The Journal is in receipt of various other papers 
containing critical and denunciatory comments. AmonR 
these is the Schenectady Km-niua Star of March 7, the 
Amsterdam Senti.iel of March 8, the Amsterdam Demo- 
crat of March 7, and others. ^^ 

The Cohoes school was one of a so-called " chain 
established by H. J. King and a man who called himself 
H C. Spencer. Other schools in the " chain " are located 
at Schenectady, Amsterdam, Rochester, and other 
points. As to who was responsible for the mis up and 
alleged buncoing of the students. The Journal does not 
pretend to say, not having at the present time sufficient 
evidence to warrant the placing of so graved responsibil- 
ity. It has been, and is, investigating the matter to the 
best of its ability and hopes to be able to make a. con- 
clusive statement and place the blame just where it be- 

Without prejudice to any one it is perfectly proper to 
say that The Joubnal has in its possession a number of 
letters from teachers who were employed by H. J. King, 
or King & Spencer, and that they complain bitterly of 
his methods and his treatment, including failure to pay 
bills. W. L. Thomas, who had charge of the school at 
Cohoes tor a time, sends a sweeping aTraignment. His 
present address is Attleboro, Mass., B. U. Other com 
plaining teachers are J. K. Renshaw, Fitzgerald B. C, 
Schenectady, N. Y. (formerly with King at that point) ; 
Simon F. Eckel, who was with King's School at Roches 
ter, N. Y. ; D, E. Waltman, who taught in the Cohoes 
School (present address Elmira, N. Y., B C ) ; Miss Rosa- 
mond Swanker, 3U Summit Avenue, Schenectady, N. Y. 
(teacher in the Schenectady School). A number of 
other complaints have been received. 

The Journal has in its possession some prospectuses 
and advertising matter issued by King that tend to 
substantiate the charges brought by some of its corre- 
spondents, to wit, that the ynodus operandi was to go 
into a town; do a lot of spread eagle advertising to give 
$100 life scholarships for $50 ; put out canvassers and 
rake in every cent possible ; place somebody in charge 
and tell him coolly that the school was expected to take 
care of itself 1 Here is an extract from one of King's 
prospectuses : 

".iilOO for -Mil. 

" P/-o/t',ssors King and Spencer, proprietors of the 




Schenpctofhj Business College, have decided to make the 
follomng offer to the people of this city. 

*' A complete graduating scholarship {TUfB unlimited), 
including all departments, for only $50. Individual in- 
struction and everything up-to-date." 

A notice of King's School pnbliahed in the Schenec- 
tady Daily !/nion of June 2 contains the following : 

" This institution has been purchased by Prof. H. • 
King from Buffalo, and Prof. II. G. Spencer from New 
Vork. Prof. Spencer belongs to the family made distin- 
gaished bv the originator of penmanship greatly ad- 
mired for its adaptability for bookkeeping and other 
business purposes, and Prof. King has made the art of 
business instruction hia life work." 

The plain inference here is that this Spencer belongs 
to the famous Spen(;erian family of penmen — which is a 
bald falsehood. It is proper to aay that he has no con- 
nection with our friend, H, C. Spencer of Providence, 
well known as a reputable member of our profession. 
We don't know where he came from, or who he is. One 
of our correspondents has written us something about 
*' Crumbine," but we are not prepared to speak on that 
point just now. The whole thing is badly mixed up, but 
we believe that Speacer got out of the combination 
some time since. 

It appears that at the time of the failure the real or 
nominal owner of the Cohoes School was D. Q. Clark, 
late of Lockport, N. Y., Newcastle, Pa.; Painesville, 
Ohio ; Erie, Pa.,^and some time since associated with 
his brother, H. C. Clark, in a very elaborate " chain " of 
schools that " basted " with great promptness and tre- 
mendous eclat. We believe that Clark is still connected 
with the school at Painesville, Ohio. A red-hot letter 
relating to him appears in the Cohoes Daily News of 
March 10, signed by W. E. Lockwood, Assistant Dis- 
trict-Attorney of Lockport, N. Y. 

As stated. The Journal has no wish to do any man 
an injustice, and does not pretend to flx the responsibil- 
ity in connection with this school mix up, but will cer- 
tainly do 60 if it can It gives the above facts as it has 
gathered them so far and gives names and addresse", so 
that any one can make his own inquiries. 

A Journal correspondent wishes to know the present 
address of James T. Martin or Martyn, sometime of 
Brockton, Mass., where, from circumstances entirely 
beyond his control, he was closely connected with a 
well-known public institution. 

The last -we heard of Martin or Martyn he was at 
Syracuse, N. Y., but for all we know now he may be 
projecting a new " chain " of high grade business col- 

J. Frank GrifCen, formerly of Bridgeport, Conn., wrote 
The Journal under date of January 31 that he had 
established a business school at Flushing, N Y. He 
stated in the same letter that he had sold his school in 
Newport, R I , be/,„-c opming, to Bliss & Bliss, and had 
arranged to open in Attleboro, Mass., where he also 
sold. This was published in last month's Joijrn'al. 
C. E. Williams of the Attleboro, Mass , B. U,, writes 
The Journal that Sriffen never had a school at Attle- 
boro, Mass., to sell and refers us to the Pawtucket 
Timen, H. E. White & Co., S. M. Einstein, and some 
others. You pays your money and takes your choice. 

Card Writing. 

No. 3. 

Copper plate styles, which are treated in this article, 
possibly form the moat valuable " stock in trade " of the 
card writer. In fact, he cannot be classed as a card 
wiiter without the ability to write this style of cards. 
They are called for almost more than any other style. 


I'se cards as recommended in former articles, and the 
same Inb is often used. India ink is really the best, but 
Duly the stick India ink, ground, will make lines fine 
enough. A fine pen must be used; GiUotfs Principality 
does very well, but tho Spencerian No. 'A Spencorian 
Epistolaire or Gillutt's Lithographic, are prefeiable for 
the finer lines reqnirtd in some of the copper plate 
styles. A straight holder is often used for these styles. 

VuslUnn and Mumuvnt. 

Position at table, etc., should be the same as for any 
other writing. Finger movement is used almost alto- 
gether on all these styles, both for capitals and fmall 
letters. Shakiuess must be overcome bo as to mako the 
lines smooth and uniform. 


. Sft/ffs of Ufithiy. 

It is impossible by the photo-engraving process to re- 
produce the real fine lines rpqulred for these styles of 
cards. For this reason Nos. 13, 14 and l'> do not appear 
as fine as they should. There seems to be no special 
preference between the different copper plate stylep, 
some selecting one kind and some another. Engravers 
tell us that the present tendency is slightly toward the 
heavy style, like Nos, IG and 17. However, it is to the 
card writer's advantage to induce patrons to select the 
finer lines if possible, as the heavy style requires more 
time to write. Usually two or three styles well mas- 
tered will suffice for the average card writer. 

Stf/lfs of Cuiuls. 

Unmarried ladies generally use their preference with 
regard to the use of the prefix Miss. However, it is 
usually used. It is not admissible to use Miss without 
the given name, except the young lady has no unmar- 
ried sisters or is the eldest of the sisters In either of 
these cases the given name may be omitted if desired, 
as "Miss Smith." A youn:er sister would use her 
given name, as, Miss Ada Smith or Ada Smith. A 
married lady always uses the pretix "Mrs," as Mrs. 
Pearson. It is customary for her to use her husband's 
given name or initials, as Mrs. James Pearson. If a 
widow, her own given name is used. A gentleman sel- 
dom uses the prefix Mr. on his cards. 

Mourning cards never bear an address. They are sent 
only to relatives and intimate friends and are not in- 
tended for a visiting card, hence an address is unneces- 


Cards must be ruled for these styles. Rule with a 
very sharp pointed pencil with a faint line, and when 
ink is dry erase the line. Some rule a headline also, so 
as to have guide lines for th.e tops of the letters same as 
bottom. At any rate, the small letters must be uni- 
form in height, eo must the capitals. This style of writ- 
ing is rather akin to drawing, yet the lines must be 
smooth. Remeuibar that diligent practice will develop 
strong, smooth lines. Then careful study must be ap- 
plied to the formation of the letters. They must be 
made just right or the proper effect is not attained. 
Much of the shading is done by retouching, first making 
all lines rather light and then going over them where 
shade is desired. The work of writing these cards is 
mach slower than that given in former articles, but the 
card writer must resigu himself to the necessity and 
tak5 ample time to do the work well. Some charge 
mjre for writing these stjles; however, as'J."> cents per 
dozen seems to be the etablished price, it is hard to get 
more. No card writer should charge less than the 
above price, as by so doing they create an impression 
that their work is interior. 

This closes my articles on card writing, and 1 sincerely 
trust thay have beun beneficial to those who have 
thought it worth^their while to follow them. 

Furniture Contract Awarded. 

The contract for furnishing the new 54-room High 
School at Holyoke. Mass., has been awarded to the 
Chandler Adjustable School Furniture Co., of Boston. 
Mass. All the leading manufacturers of school furni- 
ture in the United States were represented, the compe- 
tition lasting for two days. 

By the way, our business colleges are beginning to 
show much interest in hygienic seating, and we know 
of several who are investigating with a view to putting 
in such modern furniture as the Chandler people make. 

Reversible Sentences. 

Scandalous society and life make gossips frantic. 
This reads backward : 

Frantic gossips make life and society scandalous. 
Apply the same rule to the others eiven below : 

'Dies slowly fading day ; winds mournful sigh : 
-right > ■ 

he God. 

She ^it'i lamenting sadly, often too much alone. 

Dear Harry— Devotedly yours remain I. Have you for 
gotten S^ti check:' Reply immediately please, and baud to 
yours— liruce Darling. 

Man is noble and generous often, but sometimes vain and 

Ciirefully boiled eggs are good and palatable. 

Love is heaven and heaven is love, youth says. All be- 
i I says age. Trying is poverty and fleeting is love 

HoueHy and truth are good and admirable (pialities, i 
mpathv and love are endearing traits. 
Politics and religion avoid arguing in. Here is good an 
uud advice. " -From London Truth. 

Ink Eradicators Eradicated. 

It will interest many accountants to know that ink oradi- 
<:ator!S have been excluded from use in the War Department. 
Washington, by an order issued by the Chief Clerk, by dn^c- 
tioa of Secretary Alger. Accountants and business men 
genarally have frowned upon ink eradicators for a long time 
p*8t. baing disposed to regard them as mischievous io their 
tendency and likely for the most part to be employed I'y 
those who havp something to conceal The preterred plun 
in all well regulated offices where a mistake has been mii'Je 
is ti cancel what is in error by drawing the pen thiougn it. 
and then write in another space that which is correct, tlma 
leaving a clear statement of th« error and its correction. 
The action of the Secretary of War. we are informed, was 
predicated ujjon the discovery of an attempt that had I'fi;" 
made to change a record in the Department by erasioi 

•iginal entry and then rewriting in the 

Tn' thirregarrl 

take it, will not only endorse, bat M- 
he «xamplo of the W^n Departi 

- AU-orn A. & M. College. Hodney. Miss., is a high grade 
schoul flevoted to education of tho colored race. It has we" 
oquipii--d Englifchand commercial departments ip <^harftcoi 
U A. ^;inrk.a very good penman and Intelligent and patriotic 
citizen wht) is a credit to his race. 



Album Engrossing. 

IN khis lesson is given a specimen of Album Engross- 
ing. Album work, as a general thing, requires 
something a little finer and more delicate than 
pieces for framing, as it is examined more closely and 
the details more particularly noticed. 

The sample with this lesson was flone on Whatman's 
Hot Pressed Drawing Paper, which is an excellent thing 
for engrossing, as it takes pen and brush equally well. 

In working on white paper or bristol board no Chinese 
white is required as a rule. This paper doesn't require 
the same treatment as the gray bristol board mentioned 
in the March article. 

The style of lettering in this specimen is 
very similar to that in the March Journal, 
the shading being worked around the let- 
ters, leaving them the natural color of the 
paper. Some diflBculty may be experienced 
at first in getting the cloud effect around 
the letters. 

The color must be made to flow freely from 
the brush, and yet not too freely, as that 
causes a streaked or muddy effect. It is^the 
same in handling a brush as it is in handling 
a pen— there are many little knacks that 
come with practice. 

In the May number will be given a pencil 
sketch of an album page, and in another cut 
the same design completed. Young design- 
ers complain that it is in " laying off " the 
design— the preliminary pencil sketch— that 
they experience the most diflBculty, hence 
the '* laying off " and the completed design 
will be shown. 

{To be continued.) 


'i/ / WING to several requests for a small 
alphabet made with '* O " pen, and 
a desire on our part to give more 
time for practice on last month's 
lesson, we present this month an 
alphabet useful in a great many 

The original was made with an 
It may also be made with "O' 

"O" marking pen. 

After you have mastered the form of this letter you 
will hod it best adapted to pens U, 1, 2 and 3. Of couree, 
the;ietter must be increased in size in proportion to pen 
used. Notice that the lines in all are straight lines, 
with but few exceptions. 


To make letters A, N^ M, etc, notice that first stroke 
is made by running pen on edge, which produces a hair 


You may enlarge small letters a very little if they 
seem too diflBcult on account of size m plate. .,,j_ 

Cotivt'tuina Lcssvn \o. :t. 

Ab before mentioned, we have given a simple lesson 
this month, partly because we wish to explain how No 
3 may be worked up in various ways, using only the No. 
■i marking pen on words " Sea Foam." 

First we will form words with No. 4 marking pen and 
adhesive ink. 

Next pour over the whole scarlet flock, press down 
gently but firmly with a small pen box or eomething 
similar and pour surplus flock back into envelope. 

Second. Form letters as above, let stand a few 
moments, and with a piece of cotton " pounce " lightly 
over same, using gold bronze. 

Third. Colored adhesive ink may be used and diamond 
dust and flitters poured over same, which will give a 
rich effect. 

This Man Knows What's What ! 

Penman's Art Journal; 

Here's my dollar. V No :clab rates for me. The paper 
is worth every cent of $1, and more. The '*300 Pen 
Copies " alone is worth more. It is a'grand scheme. 

E. J. Plantikr. 

Bellows Falls, Vt. 





What 300 Well-Known Penmen and Teachers Say About 
300 Graded Pen Copies in Rapid Business Writing^. 

Six imucM of thpHp opinions from well-knowD teaclicrfii have been priateil in the past three iNNiif 

You have struck a good thing in the line of good, plain I thank you for this excellent plan, both for myself and for 

writing Like the darkey who set his 'possum traps both my students, 

ways. " yu'80 done gone and 8«t dat traj) to ketch de student 


N. I. College, Fulton. Ill, 
A great help to the student in his work, 

Merrill Coll., Stamford, Conn. 

It makes The Jodrnau Indispensable to all piogreseive 
penmanship teachers. 


Media, Pa.. Acad. 
A real dictionary for every earnest teacher of penmanship. 

Com'l Dept. Danville, Va., Mil. Inst. 
The most practical method of instructio 
Jng that any paper h^s ever adopted. 

Penman A. B. C, Canton, Ohio 

The right thing with the right 

is the feature of greatest value to the student and meet 

Pleasant View Luther Coll.. Ottawa, 111. 
What we want is tutt comtilete itistrucHons, but Copies, 
This is The Jodknal'8 oest. 

Ebensburg, Pa. 
A great aid to progress! 

Wolfe's B.C., Hagersto 

An idea full of practical utility. I anticipate a great help 
thTHflri"" ** *"^**®'' (degree of success in class work through 

Elgin. HI.. B. C. 

A capital plan. I expect it to be a decided auxiliary* in mv 

Oenessee Wosleyan Seminary. Lima. N. Y. 
I heartily aciiuiesce in the statement that they will" 
ron-e the work of every teacher and.--— - " 

Terre Haute. Ind., C. C. 
°" It eclipses anything in the line of penma 

— by a penman's paper. 

Rutland. Vt , Inst. 
I heartily endorse it. 


Jamestown, N, Y . B. C. 
The richest help for both teacher and pupil 1 have ever 
seen, tvt-ry earnest teacher should be a staunch friend to 
enterprise. The arrangement is perfect. 

Kirksville. Mo. 
It will aid all teachers, animate and otherwise, without in 
the least conflicting with their own methods, however varied. 

Ellendale C C. Curdsville. Ky. 

! not half wny through I) 

" The 300 Copies " are 300 exeeUent reasons uhy every 
]>vfgon interestetl in rapid biisinegs ivrUiiii/ thottUl take 
The tfournat. 

Writing Supervisor Public Schools. Rutland, Vt. 
is course certainly promises to be the most helpful t 

Scranton, Pa„ C. C, 
A great hit. 

Deflance, Ohio. B. C. 

Goldey Wilmington C. C, Wilmingto 
The best thing in its line I have < 

Columbia. S. C. B. C. 
Represents the advancement of the century i 

National Correspondence School, Aurora, II). 
You have struck something richer than Klondike gold. 

Bac City, la , Coll. Inst. 

Athol. Mass . C. C. 

5mall Portraits and SJs:natures. 

The Journal wishes to retain the small portraits and 
signatnres which have appeared recently in its columns 
for nse in a certain connection to be Indicated hereafter. 
If any of our friends want duplicates we shall be pleased 
to Bend them upon receipt of cost, which is 50 cents for 
small portrait, 30 cents for eignature. 

The price of The Journal in quantities is given od 
Page 70. 

I qnn- 




Special to Public School Teachers and Officials. 


This is the News Edition of the Penman's Art Journal. Subscription price is $i 
a year, lo cents a number. It is not too much to say that atl the general educational 
papers combined do not give as much on its special lines that is of use to public 
school teachers and officials as The Penman's Art Journal. Attention is called to 
the very interesting features in charge of Miss Lucy E. Keller, Writing Supervisor 
in the Public Schools of Duluth, Minn. It will be noticed that these are aimed 
directly at the grade teacher. We have in preparation many other useful features, 
including a course of instruction in Vertical writing, with ample copies and special 
instructions with relation to changing from Slant to Vertical. These and kindred 
features will be conducted by eminent public school penmanship and 

The price of the News Edition is $i a year, lo cents a number. To introduce 
the paper to new readers in the public school field we make the following offer 
strictly limited to public school teachers or officials who are not already subscriber; 
and have not been during the past twelve months : 

Cut out this slip, or refer to it specifically, and send it to us during the next 31 
days with 50 cents and we will enter you for one year for the News Edition (regula: 
price $1). Or send $1 and we will enter you for one year for the News Edition, als< 
one year for either of the following papers : Teachern' World, Popular Educator 
Jfortnal I iitft ru dor, or The Bookkeeper. Or send $a for a year's subscription fo 
the News Edition of The Journal and any two of the papers just mentioned o 
Coantopolitan, McClure's or Munseff's, In other words, you get any two of the $ 
periodicals above named for your $1 and The Journal free. Address. 

Penman's Art Journal, 202 Broadway, New York. p 

'iXLnj\j\nn/\/ UTJTJiJTJTJxru in/TJiJTJxriJ^ 



'Mant" m>e. 

In cmmcffring advertiMmenU wigned by a nom-tU- 
plum«, deiayn and minVaken are avoided hu Moiino 
and damping the revlif* ready for mailing and 
wrUing the tu/m-de-plume in a comer, then indog- 
ing nich Keaied replies in an envelope addrewed U> 
The Penman^s An Jtmmal, tos Broaduxiy, Neu 
York. Poetage mwsl be gent for forwarding Cata- 
toguet, Newigvaj}ern. Photographs, Ac . 

Situationd Manted. 

EKH* HUKEAU. PenmnuHhip. < om- 


Illy. II br 


p.(!IiooIh nnd teH<:herH i-nabl 
niflut to Helecl uood tcarhf ri« i 

HiiibII fee Ih chericed tb_ 

iMinadetolbeHchool. Reliabl< 

liitr Itocberct, and well quulfflcd. relinble 

IUI«. *'No*«Voier " nv'^A^avSxj. '^AddreHS PEN- 

EAU. 'JO-^ Broad wnv. New York. 

TEACHER of bookkeeplDg, . 
Ing, aritbmetic, history, gramir 

neM flchool training 8 : 
Familiar with WllllamB & itogor 
Mffitems. Health excellent; age 

hip, draw- 

' teaching experience. 

referencex. Moderat<> salary. Ready now. Address 
■• -J. M. I.," care of Pk-jman's Art Jodbnal. 

TWENTY YEARS' experleoTO as teacher of 
^erclal branches. Also countlog bouse ex- 

fierlence. Tenches all commercial branches and d: __ 
Dg and painting. Analst In Benn Pitman and Qraham 
ahorthand and English branches. Academic and com- 
mercial tralnlnv. F*mlllar with Williams & Rogers. 

Poolcard and ElMa Hyit«ms. Health excellent; 

B salary. Ready Sept., '98. Ad- 


practice, offlce practl 

M. . . 

metlc and business writing. Have taught alt the 
branches usually taught In nuslness colleges. High 
and normal school and business college training. 5 
years' experience In business college worlt and 2 
years' actual business experience. Familiar with Ellla 
and Packard systems. HeaUh good; age 25; un- 
married. Good references. Fair salary. Ready Julv 
, .- Address "6. K. C..'* care 

of PENftTAjr's Art Jcurna 

TEACH mathematics, book-keeping, language, 
"'--" Hapid, Oraham and " ".. _ _._... 

grapher and two years as "book-keeperT i': 
jsills. SadlerRowe and Palm systems. Health gooa; 
age 24; married. Oood references. Moderate salary. 
Address " Y. S. L.," care of Penman's art Journal. 

I TEACH Oraham and Benn Pitman shorthand, 
vertical or slant penmanship and booK-keeplng. 
Uan assist in nearly all the branches taught In a com- 
mercial si'hnol. Common school and business college 
training. About7yeara'teacblngexperlence. Familiar 
with moat all the standard systems. Health good; 
age31: married. Good references. Falrsalary. Ready 
any time. Address "O. T. O.." care of Penman's Art 

commercial li 
grammar, composlti 

RAIIAttI and Pitman shorthand, typewriting, 

'-' ' ;lal correspondence. 

my speclaulea. Can 
■" Seminary 


also teach any subject In English c 

and business college training. 8 years' „ .„ 

perlence. Good health; age 25; unmarried. Oood 
references. Fair salary. Ready now. Address "T.B. 
T.," care of Pknman's art Journal. 

fYlEACIIER of book-keeplug, business practice* 

■ lahlp and English branches la openforen- 

" " (e and scientific 

High school, business college 

f, 8 years' t«achlng experlenc 
Is, Weaver's, Draughon'8 and Wlllli 

years' teaching experience. Faml 

aver'a, Draughon'sand Williams & Rogers 

Good health; age 28; married. Good refer- 

ices. Fair salary. Ready now. Address "S. L. 
ire of Penman's Art Jodrkal. 

TEACH vertical and slant penmanship and book- 
. teejjlug. Can also teach any branch in normal 
ad commercial course.>;. Public school education, 
raduate normal uulverslty. 5 years'tcjichlugexperi- 
ace. Health excellent; aue 2(J: unmarried. Familiar 
Ith W tlllums K Rogers, Ellis and Goodwin systems. 

MTNSON shorthand Is my specialty. Am a „.„„ 
school graduate and have bad considerable 
i-achlngexperlence. Health good; unmarried. Good 
references. Moderate salary. Ready to begin service 
UDOU short notice. Address "E. N.I.," care of Pen- 

I TEACH book-keeping, penmanship, arithmetic, 
commercial law, history, clvii government, spell- 
ing, ete. Business college and university training. 
14 Mars' teaching experience. Familiar with Sadler, 
Budget and Nelson systems. Age :n; married. Good 
references. Moderate salary. Readv Sept. 1. Ad- 

isystems. Age^: 

Art Jo 


shorthand, typ 


rhetoric, book-keeping, 

penmanship. Good English e 

1. attending high 

Williams S Rogers, 8adl€ 

Tied. Fair salary. Ready i 

work and mathematics who can also teach 
llsh branches that are taught In n high school, Is 
for engagement. Graduate business college 
normal school. 4 years'ieachtngexperleiue. Fan 
with Williams A Rogers and Ellis systems, i 
health : age 2.S; married. Good references. Mod. 
salary. Ready July. '88. Addres* "L. V. C." ca 

■piTMAN shorthand, typewriting and pen 

TEACHER of hook-keeplug. penmanship, Benn 
Pitman shorthand, typewriting, com^ arith- 
metic, civics, economics, banking, com'l law and 
com'l geography is open for engagement. Graduate 
collegiate Institute, normal school and com'l normal 
dept of well-known business Institute. 5 years' 
tpachlng experience. Familiar with Kills, Williams 

OA.— Lady to keep bool 
connection with largi 


I, Eaion and other systems. Health excellent; 
Good references. Fair salary. 

Address -'D. R. H., 

( of Pe-S- 

Rcady Sept. 

fllEACHER of penmanship and commercial 
X Btudl<-s. having commercial and high school 
training. Is open for enKagenient. Over 14 years' 
teaching^ experience. tamlllar with Williams & 
Rogers. ElliB and Packard systems. Health perfect; 

married. Good i 


clal branches is open for eugagem>-] 

lege, collegiate In 

Health excellent; 

lystem. Good references. Moderate salary Ready 
day 1 or sooner If necessary. Address " F. L. E.," care 
>f Penman's Art Jodrnal. 

4 ST RON Gall round man Is open for engagement 
nL as teacher of book-keeping, arithmetic, business 
penmanship, rapid calculation, grammar, business 
«rre8pondence and spelling. Can assist In tjpewrlt- 
ng and telegrapoy. Graduate public, high and nor- 
Ukl school and business college. 12 years' teaching 

experience. Familiar with Williams & Rogers, Sadler, 

Ellis and Packard systems. Health excellent; age 29. 

Stronn references. Fair salary. Ready Sept. 1, ISUS. 

Address "O. T- R.," care of Penman's Art Journal. 

EMENT'S PItmfinIc and Oraham shorthand and 

Teacher Wanted! 

Lady or gcn'leman, to travel and appoint agents. I 
canvassing. Salary and expenses paid. 

(ELLIOTT PUBi:.ISBIXG CO., Philadelphia. Pa, 
Educational Department, 4-;- 

Business ©pportunltlcs. 

specialties. Can a 


orthography.correspondence and 

in other branches If necessary, xuuiic uuu uu^iuui 
school and business college education. 4 years' teach- 
ing experience. Oood health: unmarried. Oood 

TEACHER of book-keeping, commercial law, 
actual business, grammar, arithmetic, history 
and debating. Is open for engagement. "--^■•-*- 

1 Benton's Practical Book-keeping and Townseud'i 
Com'l Law. Health good; age2t; unmarried. Good 
references. Moderate salary. Ready Sept. '98. Ad- 


I banking and business 
nmauship and all 

branches taught in flrst-class 

Business college and university education. six 
years' teaching experience. Familiar with Williams 
& Rogers, Sadler and Musselnian Systems. Health 
good; age 27; unmarried. Fair salary. Ready Sept., 

AN ALL-ROINI) TEACHER, able to teach 
all the English branches (stenography, book- 
keeping, arithmetic, etc., and many of the higher 
branches (Latin, algebra, geometry), also good lin- 

guist (Qerman i 
sires to form r 
locality. Addrt 

Fr nch; 
' R. R. Y. 

partnership. No obj< 

position or de- 
jection I. 
of Penman' 

Ueacbecs Mantel. 

mercial, and sborthand and typenritin 
branches only. It brings tencbers and school 
together. A large acquaintance amon 
schooU and teachers enables the inanagt 
iiieni to select sood teachers lor good schooli 
Suinll.fee is charged tli 



chool. Reliahli 

ell uualified, reliabl 
B places are wanted for»u_ 
1 need apply. Addre^ts PEN. 

teaching experience. Health good; 
o . -nv- _.-,""' references. Fair salary, headv 
S«pt., 'Oh. Ad<lress ' V. T.A.," care of Penman's Art 

GR A OI'ATE academy, high school, art and busl- 
uvsa colleges Is op»n for engagement as teacher 
of penmanship, matheiiiatlcs, book-keeping law etc 
U years' teacblngexperlence. Familiar with Williams 
i^^ffin'"*. *"** i"i!^'Jlli systems. Health excellent; 
belghtOfL; welghtlT.'i; unmarried. Good references. 
Hiirsalary. Ready July. 'DS. Address " B. C. H.," care 
of Pesm.4.n's Art Journal 

AN EXPERIENCED teacherof Oraham, Isaac 
and Benn Pitman. Dement. Dav and Andrpwa 

Fair salary. Ready any i 

gagement. Graduate high and 

years' teaching experience. Health good; age 28. 

Good reference*. >alr salar- " — -•-- * 

Address •' N. K N.," care of Pk; 

A'oic fs the best time in all the year to regiatcr. a 
gives the ttacher a full sweep of the bttsy aeas 
Our ftpiitications during the past thirty dau8 h<.,. 
bci-ii ni-arlf/ fiO* in advance of the oorrespondiiig 
month of la^t pear. Bere are same of the places that 
H'c liave open at the p^resent time: 


MASS.— Strong man for penmanship and 
MASS.— General commercial teacher, 
MAINE.— All round commercial teacher. 


Mature specialist of arithmetic and book-keeping. 

apable of handling commercial 

, , 0. 

Experienced superlnrcndentof city business collegi 
All-round commercial ami Hh --•' " - ■ •- 

teach law 

of telegraphy. 

grammar, shorthand, typewriting 
ranches in Metropolitan school. 
Teacher of grammar, shorthand and commercial 

Eclectic Shorth'and t-acher who can handle gram- 
mar and rhetoric If required. 

All-round commercial teacher. Including shorthand. 

Oood penman with sufficient knowledge of com- 
mercial subjects to assist in business department. 


IND — Penmanship and drawing specialist in pub- 
Experienced teacherof PItmanIc Shorthand. Mui 
thorough F"""-'- ' - ■■ 

;ludlng Benn Pitman Shorthand 

Large school, good salary. 

branches. Salary $ 

Experienced supe; 

All-round commercial and shorthand teacher (Beun 


Oood penman and commercial teacher, 

lach law and leijture. 

Teacher of telegraphy. 

Young teacher of con 
thorough In penmanship and book-keeping) 

Teacher of grammar, shorthand, typcw.. 
lal branches in Metropolitan school. 

branches. Lady pi 

have thorough Eugllsii education, 

Man to take charge of business department, In- 
udlng Benn Pitman Shorthand. 
Capable teacher of peumausblp, English and book- 
Superintendent for commercial department of nor- 
OHIO.— Teacher of penmanship, book-keeping, com- 

W13.— Teacher of Benn Pitman Shorthand. Lady 

MINN —Teacher of Eclectic Shorthand and com- 
mercial branches. 

MONT.— Commercial teacher who can also handle 

Strong all-round commercial teacher. 

Experienced teacher of Pltmanlc Shorthand. 

KY— Teacher of arithmetic, grammar, Latin and 

VA.— Teacher of commercial branches with some 
knowledge of shorthand. 

I and do office work In 
on school. 
FLA.— Experienced young teacber of penmanship 
and commercial ' " " 

TEX.— Thorough all-round 
clu" ing penmanship. 

W. VA.— Teacher of penmanship and book-keeping. 
FanUllar with Sadler 

ntal. Prefer o 

Al penman, both plain a 

rbo understands book-keeping also. 


WASH.— First-class and commercial teacher 
Familiar with Sadler system. 

CALIF.— All-round man to take charge of commer- 
cial school. 

BUREAC. 'iifi Jlroad%Tay. N. Y. 


EAC'HER or Eclectic 


northwestern city, Addrt 

) is wanted by a college In 




The result of many years' experience In the pen- 
manlstic field. 


granted upon completion of the course. 


IF VOU WANT to reuch penn: ._ 
school proprietors and teachers, supervisors of 
writing ana drawing, etc.. The Journal's want col- 
umns will put you In communication with them. 
Possibly you have a pen. Ink, penholder or something 
of the kind to put on the market. You may want a 
partner for some business enterprise, etc. This Is the 
column to put you In conimunlcatlou with the right 

WANTED.^^iiOOD PENMEN to travel and use 
my New Patented WIndowSlgnWrltIng Machine. 
I made $158.00 per mouth last year lettering windows 

. . Ipts. Send 6c. for photos of niachl , 
lettered store and office windows. Full information 
the photos. No poor writers or postal cards 
. Address H. C. CARVER. Red Oak. Iowa. 

Scbools ifoc Sale. 

OR S ALE.— Agood Business College In a Western 

TERMS exceedin<;ly low 

Send two stamps for particulars and sample lesaou 
fresh from the pen, or send 10c. and get lesson, fine 
Caps and ll of the finest cards you ever k'azed on. Ad* 
dress YOCUM. The Penman. Care Blxler Bus. CoL, 
Wooster. O. 

Latest, Best and Cheapest! 



Riisiiiess Eiluciitors say: " lti_-.\oel9 all other 
I)iiblication9 " '-It; cuiniot be ^urpassfd." "It 


The best text-book ever publisheii for Buslne 
ColiCKes and Schools. Tht^se books are used 1 
the leadinif Business Collejfes in America. 
Send lorcirculars. Address 

J. C. BRYANT, Publisher, 
President Bryant & Stratton Business College, 

State. Splendid opportunity foi 
— 1 college teacher. Will -" ' 

Address " Y., 

§►1500 OR S600 buys oneof two flrst-classmoney 
) making Bushit'ss Colleges. Both fully equipped 
Ith the best, new, modern, hardwood furniture and 
new typewriters to accommodate, resnectlvely, 100 
and 60 students. Each has a good, leifitimate (pay- 
ing) att^ndence. NOT paflded with dend-lieadH 
as bait to catch suckers. First Is In the best 
manufacturing city of 40,UoO In N". E.. and has No op- 
position in a territory of more than 100,000 within a 
radius of nine miles connected by Electrics. Second 
has No opposition in a territory of 30.000 withjn a 
radius of BIX miles connected by Electrics. Each has 
more than sufFlclent tuition coming due to pay for f" " 

Either is worth i 

i asking price. Ex- 

e light and profits are large. Greater Interest 
npels a sacrifice sale. Address " O f- 



^Olt SALE. -A Business College In Ohio. On a 

A Rare Opportunity. 

having a good thing 

lusual opportunity, for 

The writer Imayiii 
schools offered /or sale are found to 
The owner has gotten the consent of 
only after a year's debating while si 
health. He therefore reluctantly i 

han had 30Oi studei 

ruKCllug wlih 111 

thoroughly good school, that 

upward" of 400; a school v .__ _ . __ . „ 

sclentlous and continuously successful work, together 
with §18 000 spent In advertising it, has made Its 
name a household word lu Its own and adjoining 
States; any one who wants a school whose founda- 
B long and aucce^sful career is prob- 
' and one which therefore do'~ — 

r- though caoable of ereater 

opment, will find s __ _ 

have Its standing It will honor the purchaser. Price 
♦lO.OflO. Cheaper than a 5500 school. Terms ; (pref- 
erence) cash ; or one-half cash and owner to retain a 
one-half Interest, this Interest to be bought out by 
purchaser by payments of fifteen hundred dollars 
(SI.500) annually ; the purcb; '- -*- ' - ' 

reply, and do t 

terms. Only a man or cnaracter couia succeea nere. 
While asking questions lu your reply, write also fully 
about yourself to avoid unnecessary correspondence, 
given July " ' ' ' - ■ ■ 





Cbe Jlrena " 

by special arrangement with one of the principal Normal 
Colleges is en.-ibled to offer Teachers a three months 
summer preparatory course, absolutely free. Set 
.A.prii " Arena " for particulars, or write to 



Short way to add. subtract, multiply; also fractloiii 
and square root. 10c. Lightning calculator. Everett 
Mass.. Box 3(t;f. 4-y 

A. Foiarttain. Brvisli 

. . . Tbnl Writoa Likr a Pen. 

Unequalled for Lettering, MarkiliK and Flourishlni 
Endorsed liy \V. E. Dennis. Useil by art staff of Pei 
man't Art Journal. ,iddresa Will. B. Oslliaad & 
Co., Drooklyu. \. Y. 


"(^ handler" /Adjustable 


lb acknuulcdycd the best, lu 
"cost" is slighlly higher than 
cheaper graties, BUT — it's the 
cheapest in the end. 

165 Devonshire St. 






Esterbrook's New Pens 

Vertical Writing. 

If not, yon should lose no time in writing 
for samples, and then ordering supplies 
through the stationer. 

No, 536, Vertical Writer, fine. 

No, 670, Vertical Writer, medinm. 
You will be sure to like them, as they | 
ire exactly adapted for their purpose. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

Works, CAMDEN. N, J, 


Boys and Girls con get tt 
Bho a Chain oi.d Chonn U 
Pflikngps ol Bluine at 10 c| 
fuU addrsM by rrtum mail 
the Bluine pott-pnid, uid s 
No nioney required. ''■'• „-■ 

BLUINE CO. l!':c 210. Concord Jnnction, J»»^ 



ns annually. 

. J. HEEB. Pres. 


Guarantee Position. Accept nntes fortuitlon, orcan de- 

[,03iL ui..uey m bunk till pusitiuu is aecurtd. Carfare paid. 


Indoreed by fiaokers, MtTchants, and others. Bookkeep- 
ing, PenmflDBhip, tSliorthnnd, Typewritmg, Telegrapliy, 
etc. Pour weeks ID Bookkrt-jmi^ witli ua equala 12 else- 

%:liooUi. Wnle us at Nttsliville. t Me:; lion tliis pupet.) 


veislty. Grand Building. Peachtree St.. Atlauta,Gn 



London. Conn. Present demand for graduates of 
the school ijreater than the supply. Catalogue 
free. R. A. BKUBECK, Prlnclpul. 


NESS COLLEGE. Open throughout the year. Stu- 
dents may enter at any time. Catalogue free. 
Louisville. Ky. 


IPBNCBRIAN Commercial and Shorthand School 

Cleveland, Ohio. Established 1H48. Incorporated 
1895. First B.&S. College. Illus. circulars free. 



;i Penmanship, Lowell, 
Ll free. GLICK b TOONG. 

School of Shorl 

Wew l?orft. 


149 South 8th St.. Brooklyn, N. Y. Catalogues 
free on application, persoually or byletter. HENRY 
C. WRIGHT. PrinclpaL 

'. N. Y. An institution of wide reputatio; 

125th Street. New 1 __ _ „ 

ents from "the Greater New York." These well- 
known schools, under one management, hut each 
having a separate faculty, are desl(;ned to afford 
the best practical training for mercantile pursuits. 
The schools also supply bustness men with satis- 
factory assistants, aud secure positions for com 
pelent students. Terms moderate, No vacations. 
CataloKuefree. CAKRINGTOJJ GAINES. President. 



clfico. For 30 years the private school west 
of Chicago. I2.0uy former pupils now prosperous 
business men. 



Military Institute, 


BngUsh, Cl.Micml, Scientific, 
aod lusiness Courses. 


DaiiTlllc, Va. 


THOROUaH COURSES In Business, Shorthand 

and Typewriting. liufe'llslj Traliilne. Norniil Train- 
Ink- and Pi-uuianshlp. A.ldisss KOCKKURD BUSI- 
NESS COI J.EOE. 103 8. Main St., Roukford, Illinois. 


CATALOaUBS of The Capital City Commercial 

College and the Capital Cltv St-hool or Sliorttiand 
will be sent free lo Intending students. Address 
MEHAN & McCAUl.EY. Mes .M, lines, Iowa. These 
Instltntlotis are flrst-cluss business tralniuK schntds. 


ARY INSTITUTE. New Orleans. La., renowned for 
i high gru'io i-ourses, phllosophii 


R. M. JONES. Pen Artlat, lo Mahon Avenue, 

Pittsburgh, Pa. One doz. assoricd curds. 25 cis. ; 
unique specimens of pen work, 2i 

; resolutions. 

rl. Orders have been 

^ A A ii * month my 

OVW received from 12 different 

Jan, 1st., for my written calllDK cards. I will send ."'(), 
any name, for 50c. and Rive free a lovely 2-pocket 
genuine leather card ease, or for lOe. silver 10 cards 
will be sent; for 25c. one doz. cards and the card case. 
C. H, RUNNELLS, 1)030 So. Seeley Ave.. Chlcngo. 2 y 

^, j^^^^z/e^^i-^^^^^c^/ 

Mcpherson, Kansas. 

Lessons by mall. Sample artistic writing— poetry. 25c. 
Sample qt. of my famous tine Howlng Ink, prepaid, 
25c. A plioto engraved pen study 14 x 17 Inclies.jUc. 
The above SI worth all for fifteen 2 cent stamps. 

W. M. Engel, Reading. Pa. Artistic letter, 15c. ; 

sons In penmanship by mail $2.50. 

W. J. HARTIN. Le Mars, Iowa, Ai flourished let- 

ter 20c. Drawing and penmanship taught by 
mall. 5 dliTerent sets engravers' copper-plate cap- 
itals, with Instructions for card wrlilug. 50c. 

C. P. Oubltz, Penman. Rockvllle. Conn, ta les- 
sons In business writing, $3.00. 1 Doz. cards, 25c. 
Elegant flourished bird. 25c. 4-y 

C. A* FAUST of Chicago 

Sells Shadingf Pens, Inks and Sup- 
plies at the bottom notch. Send 2c. 
for circulars. 

S.tllSER, 3d Pri7.e Public -.... -- 

D. S.. Richmond. lud. HISER BROS.* PUBLIC S 

LESSONS, «2.60. 

Superior copies 

Furnished. All Itinds of Pen Worl( Executed. 

Powder for 1 pi. Elegant Glossy Plack Ink, 
Bottle Unequalert Wiilre Ink, prepaid, . . 
1 dozen Unbeatable Written Cards, ... 

ONB Dozen Cords, iSc.; Business Capitals 

Fancy Capitals, 10c. ; Sheet of Ornamental 

Box 3, Elsmere. Dela. 


H^^LO'S BCS^/VeSS COLi.^C£' 

2 OS 3/?o^ai-v^>', 

A NEW IDEA! ''*"^,g!!',lTo"u 

$5.00 pays tor a (> months' 
at 81,00 per mouth in advance). 
A Certificate of Merit awarded 
the one improving most. Diplo- 
ma given worthy pnpils complet- 
ing the course, bend 1,5c. for one 
of my dashy written letters (ar- 
tistic style), set of caps and [till 


se in plain or ornamental writing (payable 

Central College, Kansas City, Mo. 

systems, advanced accouutiun. pract 

t works. The i 

and Practice 

i Philosophic Practical D 


Write to 


Drawer T, OTTAWA, ILL. 

For Automatic Shading Pens, Inks* Copybooks, Mail Courses in 
^'Auto.," Crossrnled Paper, and supplies of all kinds. 

- * 



tario, ^Hthyear. W.B.ROBINSON, J. W JOHN- 
SON, F. C. A., principals for 19 years. Most widely 
attended business college In America. Address 

H. SHAW, Principal. Central Bit,ti.„_ ^„. 
jrur. Stratford, Ont.. W. J. ELLIOTT. Principal. 

Prof. F. E. Merrt AM. Duhuqiie. Iowa, care Bayless Bii^. Cnlleg:e, says: 'Book receivtt 

ViHiams Bus. Colk-ge. says: ** [*pecime 

It is tht; finest I ho_ 

Prol. T. J. WiL 
received. Am well pi 

AMs, PHsatlena, Cal., Pr 

s Dominion for superior work. 

ell-known through- 


"XjEt it be pied." 


a n,itioual reputation. Prospectus and Commence- 
nient proceedings sent on application. 
, 13^ TBE USE OF CUTS on this pnc, 

Send stamp for color sheet, circular, pri( 
;ss lettered m a fine, artistic manner. 

Send IOC. in stamps and receive, by retu 
d original. Just send for " 

;ilk ribbon, 
ember, you c 

_, ^ mail, the cutest card yo 

A neat little present for your girl. . 

in ha 

; your 

ey back if all goods i 

. 15c. for y 
^presented, or do 

s Bautlktt's Bus, 

IK and 
Address JNO.F.SIPLE. I 
Cincinnati, O. 

P. B. 5. PETERS, Manual Training High School. 

nsaa City, KIo.. has a new plan of giving lesBona 
mall in Penmanship, Book-keeping or Shorthand. 
e you Interesteii ? 

Learn to Write Your Name. 

Send itio yuTir name written In ftill and 25c. 
and I will send you one dii/en or more ways ol 
tin K it, withinstnietions or send me (lOc. and 
eive '24 or moi-e ways, or $1 and receive 36 or 
1-6 ways. Circular and price-list addressed lit 
owji hand for t'e. stamp. Address 

A. E. PAR^OXS. Creston, Iowa. 





** ■ ■ ^^ ■ » ■ Good Salary. 
..,». ,„,.M FKKE, When coiiicetoi,t I securo 
pnod p08lUon3^f t_,r_all^pupils. Address. 


- Osweeo, N. Y, 




, Or 



for the 
lueiiL Luuii unycning else ever 
offered to the puhllc. 


Illustrated circular giving full deserliitlon and c"»" 
mendatlonsfrom high authority B 

" ly practical and 

HEALT. 35 Orchard Street. Lynn, M: 

net < 


; of the rut ; a device for ru 


Idthforslx 2c. : 


Leasone by mall by the month in Book-keeping, 
mtlntfrtnd Public SchonI Drawing. Plain caras at 
Fancy cards 25c. up. Flourished Btag 

22 X 2B for J1.25. Addr«-88 


M. 8. B. College. Parkerslmrg, W. Va. 


The Bergman Patent Vertical Writer. 

WhHl the Aiilliorof MilU'HCoiiiiK-ndiiiiii 
(if Vertical Writiuic Hiiytt about it : 

•■ I have tried your new pens for vertical writing an* 
find that they are a great aid In writing the vertical. 
They should have a large sale." E. 0. Mills, Rochester, 
N. Y. No. 1, medium fine pen. for schools and genera) 
correspondence. Samples mailed for 4 cents. One- 
KHisp, $1. Special rate>i to the trade, 12-y 

THE BEHOKAN PEN CO.. Fort Madison, lowo. 

Time and Money Saved 

:int< "Auto " Copy Books out- 
c do not trust the work In 
kinsiiiid second late artists. 

plehottic. p. 



"BOTfl" CO., 


: STATE BANK, I'rcdoiilji. 


For I'r.ifitalile Home Work (writinR). 
ud.lres-i wilh 2-cent stamp. 



FAUST'S i^ip^-^'^'-e 





They make the finest School s 
venire In the world 91 little cabinets from any 
photogrBiih for IKI cts. Write for (amples ano 


KOFtlliDlltOD'S IDK 


Contains one bottle euch of tbe following ints : 

Artists'. Diamond Gloss. India Ked. Green. 

Violet, Blue, Whit«, Crimson. Price for all 51. 


6.» North Clark St . 
i-v CbicaKO. Ill- 


♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ^^♦^^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦* 


ojiiETHiya rrEw. J 


Series of Pencil Tablets 
For School Use 

Practice Papers Composition Pa- • [ 

pers Examination Blanlis Draw- T 

2 Ing Papers Tablets and Pads Com- X 

4 position Bool<s at lowest prices. 4 

♦ Complete sampU tfookfree. Smdfor it. J 

2 E. E. DABB & CO.. New Ei.elQnd Agents, J 

T as Arch Street. Boston. T 

2 E. W. A. ROWLES. Western Agents. T 

J 177 Monroe Street. Chicago. X 

♦ SniTH & WHITE MFO. CO., ♦ 

Rrndern and Writers have been Waitlna 

for Ihia Ip-la-dKle, Fnll-or.MnUFr. 

Modernle. Priced Reference Book. 

The Students' 
Standard Dictionary 

Funk X Wasnalls' Standard Dictionary. 
Larf:;eS\ o. 91^ pai^es, clotli, 
5i2.5o; Sheep, $4. co; Indexed. 50c. additional. 

Contains 60,000 Words and Phrases, 
and 1225 Pictorial Illustrations. 

The Baker & Taylor Co. 

Best for the Household. 

, Words are easily found, Pronunciatio 
is easily ascertained. Meanings ai 
' easily learned. The growth of words is J 
asily traced, and excellence of quality , 
ather than superfluity of quantity char- < 
icterizes its every department. 

' G. & C, MERRIAM CO., Publishers, 

Springfield, Mass. 






All Columbias are 
made of famous 5" " 
Nickel Steel Tubing — 

the strongest material 
known to the art. If 
anything better can be 
found we will put it in 




.5 A 5 EnatSixt 

iM-nlb Stree 

, New York. 


.■< a 1 lin to copj 
JWL. Clicyi-nn 

=. Wyo. Box A 5 



5 lasvw 3 m7.') 


can be kept on DIXON'S American Graph- 
ite PENCILS, without breaking off every 

They wriie ihe smoothest and last the 
longest. Ask your dealer for 






The perfect train — r 

The direct route— A 

The quickest time— g 

Chicago to Los Angeles, ft 

W. J. BLACK, O.P.A.,Topeka, Kan. $ 

C. A. MIOQINS, A.O.P. A..Chicago. 9 


"Art in the Schoolroom." 

An illustrated list of ht^li class reproductions 
suitable for school decoration, selecteu from our 
general catalogue, will be reaiiy early lu Octolier. 

Mailed to any address ujjon receipt of 10c. lu 

Fine Art Publishers. 14 Cast 33d Street, 

NBW YORK. a-3 


jt jt jt Holyoke, Mass. 


Writing Paper, Pads, Tablets, 
School Papers. 

lolnnilihi I'nrtlolio. 


I Wm. 

Wm. B. Osgood & Co., 

How to See the Point and 
Place It: 

Punctuation Without Rules ol Grammar. 

A bnok of forlv pages which teaeht's punccust- 
iiii-' raji'illy liy example. Many people who have 
-^luflicil tnnllsli. Latlu and Greek Orammar are very 
iiinlc-f^ ami slovenly punctuators. Tlila took Is In- 

. time and tliey 


MemorlzlDK rules 

Jlovfiiu-nt iiitpof^ible. Requires less than half ibe 
usual time 10 teach otudentaan excellent handwriting. 
Fits any hand. Price, nickel plated. 25c.: nUver 
plated. 35c ; gold plated, 50c. Pen and holder with 

Special prices to schools and colleger. 


ndlng a club of « a* 2Ri\ each will get 

)kl pi a 




Penman Chicago Bus. Coll.. Chicago. III. 

Jewelsof thePemi 

J* McDonald Business Institute, 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

Just the thing for practice in connec- 
tion with " 300 Pen Copies." 


10 LBS. TO REAM OF 1000 SHEETS 8 X 10'.,.. 

Unruled, Ruled and Wide Ruled. 

Put up In half-ream |600 sheetsi packages. 

For Peutnaiisliip I»f actice, Cetter- 

Heaas, etc 

In 25 Ream iofs. Per Kenni, $i.20 

A Siiiile Ream, - - - 1.40 
One-Halt " 75 

Goods sent by freiuht or express at purcluis- 
er's e.xpense. Orders fur reams or more 
shoultl be placed far enough ahead to allow 

<:A8H yvith order. 

Cash must accompany all orders for pai»'r. 
Price is too low to allow any margin lor bill- 
making nod bookkeeping. Address 


202 Broadway, New York. 

USE Oar Ledger & Linen Papers. 

Sample BookFree. Crime Bros., Weatfield, Maas-_ 

The Colorado 
Teachers' Agency. 

teachers to School Uoftnis, 
We assist teachers to desirable pnsiti 
Inqui; ' 

mend compe 

method, satisfy youi-self ot 
reliability, and then Join ua. . ■ ■ 

FRED. DICK Manager. Denver, Colo. 

^ S^nmaA^Q7tiCO^tUAai& 



• Tbe Boys" High Scboi 
I phoni 

. -.„ eglstei . 

Pernin Shorthand wa'* added t 

r branchej 

1897. after a two years" < 

'. H. O. Berkhabdt, 

B pursued by t 
rhlriy-three da 
' of im) wordB 




H gradu 

e tbe Intrndui 

and filled posltio 

public schools of tbese 
iporW."— Pbof. p. B. Q- 
" For Court Hepori 
tract frono tipeea, and even wneu 
marked dcKree. I unhesitatingly 

thirty-three days of five houi 

' — worrlH per j-'- -■■- 

High School, 

steuo^raphera than haye ever. duri. 

nber of boura devoted to class li 

minute, and properly 

the end of this ttrr 

■'horthand classes h 

Boys' High school. Brooklyn, N. Y, 

, the Pernli 

r hUh r 

al. It e 

lore students I 
yearn the PUni 
the largest in . 


r pupils V 

1 find that II 


i the type- 

cessfuUy learned It 

_, m was tauctbt In tbe 

Imerlca. and perhaps in thf 

shading nor position to de- 

.„ t retains Its leKlblllty to a 

-G K. WYVELL. Official Court Keporter, IBili 

""""" ^'""'("Mr'.'wy^-eirheld Ihe position before he was lu years old. earnliiR $2,000 a year.) 

The PERNIN employs neither SHADING nor POSITION, and is Icirned for office 
work in 6 to 12 weeks. Taught by 800 leading schools. 

Complete SELF-INiPRUCrOR. $»oo Money refunded If not satlsfictory. Bool< sent to edu- 
cators for examination. Fiee lessons and circulars. Write. 

H. M. PERNIN, Author, Detroit, Mich. 



Business men supplied with competent Stenogruphers. Schools fnrnished with 
thoronghly (jnalified Teachers. Papils admitted any time. No vacation. 

Terms moderate. Send for catalogue. 
«)• ^F. H!. DEjIHIj, Frlnoipal. 




system thil meets 


demands of the Umes . 

. Nn positions. Vowels wr tten as they t 
or suffixes to hinder in writing:. 




We have somethinpr of special intereat to offer teachers of shorthand and solicit their cor- 
ispondoiiL-e Instruction by mail a specialty. Text book $I.iJ(i Address 

MeKEE PI'B. CO.. 617 ;>lniu St., liuHnlo. N. Y. 


— Is more tha,n 
1-3 $1.50 to $1.00-200 pp., 







"The Munson system of Shorthand, which 
we teach in this school, is excfUed by none and 
equaled by few. and is gnnvins: in popularity 
everyday, it is uoiversullv conceited, even by 
the authors of other systems, that Mr. Mun- 
son 's latest work, the Art of Phonography, 
is the most perfect and complete shorthand 
text-booK ever yet prodnced. There are 
more Munson writers in official positions as 
court reporter-*, etc., than of any other system. 
This fact ought to be a fcutftcient guarantee of 
its superiority. We teach other systems, snch 
as Pitman, Graham and Barnes, bur we consider 
the Munson by far the be«t and most leg hie. 
Our pupils ran read each others' notes and can 


Price, S-i.OO. post-pnid. 

LlliiTal <ll^i.(.uiu to schools. Write for cireulars. 

Munson Phonographic Publishing Co., 



restful and quiet 
stay, mid pleasant surroundings. 
Tlie handsome large 
Steamships of the . . . 


sailing every week-day from New York 
for these resorts offer the additional at- 
traction of a short and Invigorating sea 
trip, under the most favorable conditions 
of cuisine and accommodations. 
For full Information, apply to 

Old Dominion Steamship Co., 

Pier j6, North River, New Vorb. 
W. L. aUILLAUDEU, Vice -Prei. and Trafllc Mgr. 



16 I-ESSONS By Mail. 

?ry oue should know how. 
» for Free Particulai 

W. O. CHAFFEfi. Osweeo, N. T, 






The Wonderful Machlue 
Writing Shorthand- 


Quickly learned ; no strain of eye 
Work tmlform, acourate, ea»y ami i 
Circular. Uacliines rented on trial 


PriceReduced to 8^5. 3-tf Sl. l.oii 

Commercial Law Teachers 

keep posted right up t 

ftudy, at home. In fpare tli 

blv, the " Business Mau's Law Journal '" 
It answers questions. It 
Liiiw ClnxiH, furnlshlug 
:-l>drtnieiuri>r dlsL-usslon 
ethoda. ylving the news, 

BEKGER, 1021 Opera House Blk.. Chicago. 

N EVRRY Statb 

The American College and Public 
School Directory 

s Classifted Listx 

.■formal Schools. 3. Business Coliegt 

Science. 5. School.s of Theology. 6. .^^..v-v,.a i,. ^«,,. 

7. Schools of Medicine— Regular, Eclectic and HomcB- 

apathlc. 8. Schools of Dentistry. 9. l 
macy. 10. State Superintendents. 11. County Super 
Intendents. Also leading— 12. City Superintendents 
13. Principals. 14. Assistants, etc. Gathered frooi 

Price. S3.00 Net, 

C. H. EVANS & CO., 



In reference to the statement published in the Rejmrt of Commix:<ioner of 
Education for 1SS7-S3, page 937, and which reads ; "The Benn Pitman System is 


THE American System:" Dr. Harris wrote in a letter to Peniin's Mouthbj Stenog- 
rapher iiiuler date of April '2.5th. 1803. as follows : 

■■ The clerk who had In hand the special article for the Report of 
■888, in which the statement occurs regarding the American Sys- 
tem of Phonography, was a clerk not familiar with shorthand. 


untveisttbd iist issT-, Hj-ba-ds -a-lh, in less. 

The Oldest, The Most Improved and The MoBt Perlect System. 

•"All shorthand v 
e modinciitlous.'*- 

■s In the world concede the debt of Knitltude duo to Isaac Pitman i 
T syHieni of sliorthiiiiil, and the one wiilch fc 
. W. T. HAiiRts, U. S. Comini9siou«r of Educatlou. 

! wiilch forms the boatu for 

phone, electricity and X-Rv 
Isaac Pltmau, the In 

: Pitman. It Is 43 years behind the tin 

p crude. Imperfect tub edition 


"I wrote the so-called Eemi Pltmau system for two years. 

:aliy Inadui 

mgnt tne spirit or every new decs 

learly perfect as anythli 

_^ any one will take up tht- . _„ 

ilversal .Isaac Pitman."— ITm. Hope, Vice Principal and Manager, New York BuMness 

1, until his s., 

nslon or deceptlu] 
; perfect i 

ugh for a past generation, when t 
te to meet the demands of the on 

removed hindrances and made .—^ , 

"l brt through ignorance, mlsap- 


- - ,, ,. jce, misap- 

perfect .so-called Benn Hitman systeiu in preference 

WHEN ASKED TO EXPERUTENT (at yonr own cost and risk) with Inferior Imitations, bear 
in raind that tho Isaac Pitman whp the Original system which revolutionized ihe art. It was the 
First in 1837, and with Its Hany Improvements has Deen Foremost ever since. 


Omuially adopted ami u-.ed In the Public Schools. >f New York and Brooklyn. Sperlincii ihircs tree. 

J?f9~ Write for " The New vs. The Old," or The Isaac Pitmvin Phonography vs. Benn Pitman, 
Graham and others. By W. L. Masmi, Official Instructor in Phonography in the New York Pub- 
lic Day Schools. Also for 18 pige catalojrue and specimen of the " Wechly Phonatir Journal." and 
'"Pitman's Shnrthand Weeklu," (The only shorthand «;ec/t/ie« published in any system.) Address 

ISAAC PITMAINf & SONS, Publishers, 

The Phonogpaphle Depot, - - - 33 Union Square, New York. 

Take Lessona at the Metropolitan School of Shorthand, 

170 Kifth Ave., New Sohmer Bldg., S. W. Cor. Z3d St. 
Elevator.'! Day and NiRht. Private Lessons at Class Rates. Circulars Free. 


The New York agent of the English firm of Isaac Pitman & Sons asserts that 
"Isaac Pitman's Shorthand" is now the Leading System, and to maintain the claim 
qnotes Dr. W. T. Harris, U. S. Commissioner of Education, as follows : 

Pitman.'* — E.xtract from " Shorthand 1 
of Education (Washington, D. U). 18D3. 

W. T. Ha I 

' published by Bun 

s. Con 


Mr. James E. Mtmson, the well-known author of phonographic text-books 
wrote Dr. Harris (Dec. 15, 1894) asking him to state : ' 

item nf phmietu- 
in the te.vt-h.iolis 
as his own. uotablv in this country in the wen ks i 
Munson, etc., is the one mainly followed in the Un 

To which Dr. Harris answered (Dec. 17, 1894) : 

L'a that Isa 
as tauuht 
■d Stoics, c 

a-d the 


on precisely in tbe latter 

The chapter giving statistics, referred to by Dr. Harris in the first of the two 
foregoing qnotations when analyzed, shows that in 1893 the Isaac Pitman system, as 
published by the English firm, was used by but 6. 7? of the teachers of Phonography 
in the United States, while the Benn Pitman system stood at the head, and was 
used by 34 7'.', being almost exactly as many as the next three highest systems com- 
bined-ajid tbe Isaac Pitman system was below these. 

It therefore appears from the evidence adduced by Isaac Pitman & Sons that 
the published statement of Dr. Harris's predecessor in iiflice is .iustified by the facts 
and that "Tbe Benn Pitman System is more generally taagbt than any 
other in this country and may be called the American System. "—(Report 
of Commissioner of Ediieation for 1H87-SM. pcii/e 1137.) 

Send for Catalog and " Modifications of Phonography — Wise and Other- 
wise." Specimen of Phonographic Magazine Free. Address 


Cincinnati. Ohio. 

LABOR=SAVINfl TEXT=BOOKS. s I Accuracy, a Prime Necessity. 



w 2 

V S 

2 ?^ ■} 



and Common % 

School Books * 



itb the k'list ¥ 

I prreat umount of drudg-erj, thus i 
ctl bv these books are ; 

ireasing: the value and pleasure 





M These bnoks are neither experhuents, imitations, nor compilations. They aie S 

¥ rtnjrinul works, and are in use in thousands of sehools, where they give entire salis- • 

¥ faction. ¥ 

w Specimen pages and illustrated catalogue sent free to teachers and school officei-s. W 

^ Address w 

I I 

I WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Publishers, 5 


In bookkeeping ami office work there is scarcely anything that is 
more importatit than accnracy, and how to secure it is one of the problems 
which are constantly confronting the commercial teacher. In the prepara- 
tion of 

Office Routine and Bookkeeping 

this matter was given careful consideration," and a method employed 
which not only encourages, bnt also compels, accuracy, and cultivates self- 
reliance. The teacher knows exactly what the pupil's resnlts should be, 
2 aud the pupil knows that the teacher knows it, hence nothing but abso- 


lutely accurate work is done or tolerated. 

The Teacher's Key 

is a Key in fact as well as in name. It contains every amount and result 
for all the different price lists, and its use, while not lessening in the least 
the teacher's efficiency, relieves him from all drudgery incident to con- 
ducting the work with a system of Bookkeeping which has not a com- 
plete Key, 

More Recommendations. 

•■For thoroughness and practicability, it is t/ie system." "The best 
system I ever saw or used." ' 'i'our Office Koutine is eminently satisfac- 
tory." " Regarding our recent large enrollment, we feel that Office Rou 
tine and Bookkeeping has done no small amount in influencing the public 
to patronize our institution." " Is far ahead of anything else that has been 
gotten out on .the subject." " Has far exceeded my expectations," '-Our 
students are charmed with Office Routine and Bookkeeping," "Gives ex- 
cellent satisfaction and produces the very best results." 

Very favorable terms are made to schools for trial outfits of Office 
Routine and Boolclceeping. 

WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Publishers, 




i" "Of the MakSeg of Many Books B 

tliere is no end," but they are not all practical. Ours are. 'We have the most c'onvincing demonstration of the justice of our 
claim in the constantly increasing use of our books by school men whose successftil life work has been to find and to teach that 
which is essentially practical and useful, and not that which is merely theoretical and chimerical. You should examine our 
publications carefully, if yon hare not done so. Such an examination would doubtless convince you that the use of these 
books would be a tonic to both your school and pocketbook. 

Don't Hurry 

in the adoption of a new sy.stem ofJBusiness JPractice or Bookkeeping, Such changes are usually made at the beginning of the 
school year, but if yon are expecting to adopt new books 

In the Spring: 

look tor our announcement next month. We are about to publish a system of Business Practice that in purpose, scope, cost, 
arrangement, attractiveness and practicality, is certain to command favorable attention. 

The following books are used in hundreds of the best schools in this country, and our business Is constantly enlarging, 
of these books w^lll be sent to teachers, for examination, at half the retail price, postage prepaid, If name of school Is g' 

. S0.33 


. 1 .45 

Evoryboily*H Dicri 
'.45 (irnded LeHso) 
Prnrtiviil Shorth 
TypewritiiiB Inst 
New I'ruilii-Hl A I 

ly (I'lotii) 

1 Letter Writinic UO 


or 1.00 

iietio 1.45 

nn<l Letter Writ 
Hive Practieal Bookkeep 
ile Practu-nl Bookkeepin 
e Pfiictit-nl Bookkeepiutf 

Liberal Discounts to Schools. Catalogue and CIrcula 

THE PRACTICAL TEXT BOOK COMPANY, - - 420 Superior Street, Cleveland, O 




-OHIO f 








M OTviA d/SutnaG 




A Complete Home Instructor in all Branches of Penmanship. A Genuine Work ot Art. 

i Instructor in all Branches of Penmanship. 
From 32 to 40 pages monthly. 
Xo failure ponxible tn learning a practU-able. rapid business hand (/the lesaons given in The Western Peiiniai 
are followed 
ply endorac'l by thoiHEndsof teachers and pupils who have mnstered i 
yieof writing by foirowlnRltj 

Thb Westkrn Pbnmai 

leir Hfilarli 
I do. The outlay ih rn.. mi 

Wofih —Whoever saw ;i -h 

rlMiire its '-- 
only m 
blch ad< 

Business Col' 
.tp|iMinn1*'ff*ilM^ " Fi'Ki!DiNo""scoFrELD. Utlca Business College. Utlca. 
'I«,'i"''"n/nn " N. Y-I h«ve sent you a great many UsU of subscrlb- 
pr3, aud I nope to send y 


from The Penman's lessons. What 

4 support 
■3teni ol business 

pport of what 

"1 ol bus* 

hts the 

I -believe 

lodical to 


id deserves whatever 

redit should be attached 

Penman in the same trend. 
or business wrltlnR. A year's s 


pa^es, 10^x8 Inches. 

-' '-. About one bi 

\VTlt«r3 have c 


TORY. — A Special ' 
agihia papor, and all ( 
1 postpaid. This ivill bt 

'western penman publishing CO., Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

T/ic Zdnerid/i^rt Colleg e, 

^OlUfnbllS,OhiO, is tne only self sup- 
poiiinq. independent school of Penman- 
ship and DrdU)in(f that makes a speciattif 
of leaching these important branches of 
an education in a thoroughly upto<late^ 
and practical manner in a reasonable time 
and at a moderate expense. Circular and 
3ampteCo py of The Penman and/trtist free . 



7(5 CoR.XL^'vND'r StR-EET 

ED BY ■ 




are absolutely essential to good workmanship. This is equally true 
in the school room, where good books must be used if the best re- 
sults are obtained. 




I WMOl-E XMIIHG," bnt I 

• they are a large part of it. We baye for the past twenty-two years X 
X made a .study of the preparation of Couitnercial Text Books and be- t 
T lieve we know a good text book when we see it. Our books were ♦ 

• created in the school room and in a commercial center of the great- X 
S est activity. This has had a tendency to make them practical, and f 
T at the same time to adapt them to school purposes. The proper 4 
5 development of the sub,iect was always considered and correct X 
\ pedagogical principles are followed, thus insuring a complete under- • 

• standing of the snb.iect. We want every commercial school in the ♦ 

• United States represented on our list of patrons the coming season. X 
\ We have at least one book that will completely meet yonr require- t 
J ments. ♦ 







\ by writing us at 'once of your wants for the comiug season. J 


\ -^.^^^^^^^-^ ♦ 

: O. IM:. IPO^SATEKS, : 



The Goodyear Publishing Company i 

are making a special feature of their Actual Business Supplies, adap 
to any standard system of Business Practice and Office Training. 

Our Chicago Salesroom is headquarters (or Bookkeeping Blanl 
Business Practice Blanks, Office Training Blanks, Legal Forms, Busi 
ness Stationery, Merchandise Cards and College Currency. 

New forms are being added to our list as rapidly as we find simfi 
forms used by progressive business men. I 

Samples and prices furnished to commercial schools, when j 


334 Dearborn Street, Chicago, III. 




. PENS. J 

No. 4- Extra Pine Polnti HI 

an entirely NEW B>fl| 
VN Machinery. ^H 


ORIGINAL PROCESS, by the aid of the latest AMERICAN Machinery, 

We can confidently assert that there is no make, FOREIGN OR DOMEStl* 

equaling the .same in point of excellence. 

The Eagle Vertical Pens have been pronounced by the best authorltW 

ol the Vertical System to be superior to all others, and are particularly 

recommended for use In Vertical Writing. 


Of the nnmerons styles of other Steel Pens which we manufactare, *■ 
recommend the No. E 170 for Primary Grades, and the Nos. E 130, E 410, B -IW, 
G 170, E 480 for advanced or higher grades. 


Works : 
703 to jras Baat Z3th St. 


OfSce and Salesroom : 

377-379 Broadway. 

cupjrMfbi 1898 by Amet ft RolUnBon Co. 

Entered at N. Y. P. O. as aecond^jlaM mall maiw 


The commercial text-books now offered by the andersigned and ready for nse 


pages, covering all tlie points of th© previous" Manual of Bookkkbpino and Corrbspondesck," with 
much addltlooal matter In the way of advanced practical sets, with the model forms In approved 
script, and the cu^itoins of business brought down to the latest requirements. This book Is, in Itself, 
a complete treat;9c on bookkeeplnc;, and is supplemented by 

PROGRESSIVE PRACTICE TESTS that leave nothing to be desired In the way of school 
practice. These tests comprise, each, the material for a complete set of books, with all the docu- 
ments and forms for conducting the business. Including money, notes, drafts, bills, letters, etc. 
What the student will be required to do as an accountant in a business house, he Is required to do 
here, and with as little mere manipulation and cumbersoineness as possible. In fact, the plan Is 
Ideal, and is so pronounced by all intelligent teachers who have examined It. 

THE NEW PACKARD ARITHMETIC, which is nlready a standard book in commercial 
schonls, and covers all the requisites of a text-book of the first order. 
adopted In most of the Shorthand Schools teaching this system. 

Any teacher who desires to examine any of these books with a view to their 
nse will do well to communicate with 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, - 101 East 23d St., New York. 


To Boards ol EHucaiioii, Siiperintenileiiis, Principals and TeacHers. 

A Gnnd Stcpl Pen. 
Whut a Blessinir ! 

Barnes^ Steel Pens 


We announce the unqualified success from the start of our NEW 

P, D. & S. No. 617 VERTICAL 

Old style methods of Pcnmioship instruction improved. 


For smooth^ easy, £tiu action and wonderful adaptability to every requirement of the 
prevaiLiag "Vertical Boom," we claim the absolute superiority of our 

F. ID. Sc S. 3SrO. ei'Z VEFtTIO^L. 


To thosp preffrriQK fluer pointed pells, we recoinmeud our P. D. & S. No, 415 Vertical. 
P. U.&S. Nos. llSaiul U7 : ao.t National. Nos. I. .'133. 4 44, 
>k over on I' lllnslinlcil I'rieo I. int. nnd aend III oin. for full line of nninples, or $1.(10 

A. S. BARNES & 067156 Fifth Ave., New York. 



FroGlam.a,tlon to Tine I='eop)le. 


Uliereas, Nine-tenths of the iiuiniries of penman and teachers betray 
tlense and inexcusable Ignorance of the basic principles of penman- 
ship and this alarming state of affairs continues from yearto year, and 

iVhereax, "Ellsworth's Illustrated lessons and lectures " 
embodies in attractive, clear, and intelligent language and illostration 
the answers and antidote to all such stupidity and chirographic fool- 
ishness as is now afloat, now 

War is hereby openty declared against this Slate of Igno- 
rance, which will be prosecntcd to its utttr annihilation by all the 
Forces of ?>onnd Education and True Te ching, to the final 
establishment of this oppressed and down trodden !ub,iect in its in- 
alienable rights as the promoter of civilized life, liberty and the pursuit 
of knowledge. 


Now, Tlierefore, due notice is hereby given to all seekers, edacators 
and teachers that richly bound copies of this victorious work will be 
transmitted free on receipt of the sum of two dollars in payment 
thereol with the assurance that all able minded persons who enlist in 
this noble, if armed and equipped as this work directs, can chal- 
lenge all the Hosts of Ignorance in every quarter to immortal com- 
bat, with ViV^or,^' insured. 

The Ellsworth Company 

Await your prompt Orders. 

Headquarters, - 127 Duane Street, New York. 



1005. OFFICIAL. 

ClnsHiflcntiou Cii 




Copies for Business Writing, 
Instructions for Business Writing. 
Methods of Teaching Business Writing, 
Ideas and Lessons on Engrossing and Design- 
Handsome and Useful Designs for Models, 
Automatic Pen Lessons, 
Helps in Pen and Pencil Drawing, 
Hnblie School Lessons, MethotJs and Helps. 
Examples of Ornamental Writing and Artis 

tic I'enwork, 
The School and Personal News, 
To Ventilate Ideas and Exploit Hobbies in 

the "Open Court" and "Teachers and 

Methods " Departments. 
Reviews of Late Publications in your Special 

Line — 
In a word, if yon want The Best and Most 

of It served in a style To Be of Use you'll 




■■ Don't monkey wltb t 

Ibe special property of Tub Jo 

If you have $50 to spend for a wheel 




is the best to buy. Our responsibility, facilities 
and reputation appeal strongly to the prudent 

POPE MFG. CO., Hartford, Conn. 

Catalogue free from any Columbia dealer, or by rr.ail for one 2c. stamp. 

If You Want a New Position 

For the next sihool renr, or kelori', RHJIIT NOW is the time to reuimer. 
This liivos you n cicnu nireip o( llie fiflil until ScDtombcr. Don't wnlt until 
thinicn nr.- |)ii liici over. Tlie .fourniil i.liir.x more eoinnierelul lencUer« iu 
nonilion lUnn nil oilier auencies coniblMe.l. !• or iir,ulai-» write to 


>r Paper (1,000 tibeels), S > lOVi In., 10 lbs., for 1)11.40. 
, Cuxh tvilh order. 
AMUS «, HOL.I.INSON CO., tJO'i Broadway. New York. 


F.^' \^^ 


Fust Two >v E. A. Boccs, Watihioo, Iowa ; Last two bv J. B. Mack, Concord, N. H. 

(TbeM were wnt to The Joubhal In answer to a hint dropped by Mr. Shane, whose address Is 

Des Hoines, la.) 

Easy to Learn 

That's good, because students ought to learn to 
even if it was ver}^ hard to do so. 

Easy to Work 

That's important, because it enables you to do Mor 
Work and Better Work than any other, and it's the 
Quality and the Quantity of your work that tells 

Easy to Find 


That's only natural, because it is used 


There is always a demand for first-rate operators of the 


Standard Typewriter. 

Send for information about the NEW MODELS 


327 Broadway, New York. 

Budget B Part 2 Special 

of The Budget System of Bookkeeping. | f 

This Budget consists of the transactions of the regular Budget 

B Part 2 from April 16th to May lOth, supplying 

about four weeks' work for the student. 


And now is the time they are beginning to look around for improved 
courses of study for the coming school year. We supply the BEST 
ARITHMETIC published. Our books are suited for all grades of 
schools wherein the.'se subjects are taught. NEW COMPLETE KEVSi 
for all our publications have just been received from the press. Sup-\ 
plied only to teachers and school officers. 

Everybody send for a complete outfit of American National Bank' 
Ing, containing hundreds of the most beautiful photo-engraved busiress 
papers. A full set of blank books and everything complete. Sei 
express prepaid on receipt of $2.00. 

If teachers who want information of our publications will write| 
giving full particulars of requirements to be met, full information 
be sent by return mail. 

" Let the Searciiiiglit of Practice Illuminate the Dark Places of Theory." 

SADLER-ROWE CO., Publishers, 

12 N. Charles Street, - . - - BALTIMORE, 


I j. KtMSLBT, BofToa 

Comment by the Way. 

To : 


The Pen 

to " rahc 

Sin: You aie properly iD(lisjn»nt con- 
cerniDg the existence of " Fake Biuiness 
Colleees." and in your editorial of April 
on tbis subject you pitcb into them right end foremost. You 
sbotild do so. Il is your business. That is what you are for. 
But when you ask the legitimate schools— either separate or 
combioed— to " go " for the'^e scaly rascals and " send them 
to jail,"' you open up a question that cannot be answered in a 
jjaragraph. The same que&tioii. or a similar one, the decent 
journals of New York are at present agitating concerning 
yellow (or " fake ") journalism They diflter from the decent 
Mchools, however, in the fact that they can make tbeir ca^e ; 
and people, with thft evidence before their eyes, can >e6 it. 
The intelligent reading public knows the diEEerence between 
tbe real and the fake journal, and it also knows that the fake 
article outsells the genuine ten to one, and thy more th-i 
"white "goes for the '"yellow "the more the yellow sells, 
and the louder it chuckles" over the free advertisiug. 

You make a stiong case when you say that " certain sec- 
tions of Peongylvnnia were overrun by a couscieoceless gang 
of freebooter -J, establishing alleged busmess colleges every- 
where, driving reputable schools out of the busine&s. flooding 
tbe nountry with solicitors, draining out every cent possible 
for woithless scholarships, and tbon, with bulging pockets, 
liiihtlng out for new fields and pastures green, leaving in 
charge some dummy confederate or poor dupe to bear tbe 
brunt of public odium incident upon the ioevitable crash " 
That is a graphic arraignment, and no more graphic than 
true. So true is it, so specific, so circumstantial that not a 
business school proprietor in the land, not a well-informed 
citizen, in fact, can tail to put his finger on the culprit. The 
"certain sections of Pennsylvania" have yielded the honors 
of exploitation to certain sections of New York and New Jer- 
sey, but still the work goes on with fresh vigor, and tbe 
"bulging pockets "only laugh at the protests of interested 
competitors, So lone as yellow journals sell for a penny, and 
fiike business schools hold out the lure of "something for 
nothing," so long will the contributing public t-hut its eyes 
:tnd take the bait. " Fake journalism " will always exist, and 
take schools" will come and go while the world stands; 
but neither of them will " drain " the public, nor keep decent 
enterprises from success. The best way for honest and 
creditable schools to put down impostors is to sav nothing 
about them, but show their Inefficiency by doing something 
better. In the language of a great and good man : " Some of 
tbe people can be fooled all the time, and all of the people 
sume of tbe time ; but all the people cannot be fooled all the 
time." And, in spite of the gullibility of the general public, 
" ill always be left over enough sensible people to en- 

S. S Packa 

■ ourage legitimate work. 

New York, April lU. 1S9S. 
Mr. S. S. Packard. 

New York. 

Dear Mr Packard : Your letter of April 16th about 
" fake " schools was duly received and noted. 

Realizing as we do the high position you occupy in 
tbe minds and hearts of the business college teachers of 
America, and the great value they place on your opin- 
ions on any subjnct affecting commercial school inter- 
ests, we feel called upon to reply, since we differ from 

In our opinion, if the reputable commercial schools of 
America were to follow this advice and *' say nothing . 
about them (the fakes), but show their (the fakes') 
inefficiency by doing eomething better," it would be 
iust exactly what these rascally charlatans want. In 
fact, if we should try deliberately to devise a scheme to 
help the fakirs we could not imagine a more promising 
plan. They want to be let alone. They are evil birds 
"t passage, with scant education and less principle, who 
-tay in one place long enough to squeeze out of the 
I- redulous student every dollar he has to spare (and in 
many cases every dollar he can b:)rrow), exhaust the 
field for years to come by beating the bushes and run 
mng in every young person over ten years of age, make 
extravagant promises of which few or none are fulfilled, 
and so conduct themselves and their inetitutions as to 
bring discredit and odium, not only on themselves and 
their particular schooli^, but upon commercial schools in 

But what care they about the execrations they bring 
down on commercial schools, or for that matter upon 
their own schools and themselves pertonally ? They 
f spect to change their base of operations thortly, and ss 
their competitors usually maintain a dignified silence 
they are enabled to repeat the operation ad Ubifum. If 
necessary they can change their names or names of their 

Securely entrenched as you and your school are behind 
Imputations the result of a life-time of hard and con- 
'' ientious work, and a good bank account, thisprocees 

'f'" saying nothing, buf showing their inefficiency by 

l'>ing something better" may work in the long run — 
^'ut it uill be a long run, and even then we doubt its 

But take the case of a young man in a city only popu- 
lous enough to support one school, who has but small 
capital. He has been located there but a few years, and 
is favorably known. He is doing good, honest, faithful 
work, making no alluring promises and getting a fair 
price for his tuition. One of these fly-by-night schools 
drops dowu in the community suddenly. By its extrav- 
agant promises, lower rates of tuition, dashy advertie- 
ing, fine furniture, smooth talking propi ietor and solicit- 
ors it soon fills its rooms with students who should be in 
the reputable school, and others who should still be in 
the lower grades of some public or private schools. I's 
solicitors scour the country for miles around and entice 
boys and girls who, for five to eight years to come, 
would furnish material for the reputable school, to 
enroll in the institution where "commercial branches, 
shorthand, typewriting, English branches, etc." time 
unlimited scholarship can be had for ^50— scholarships 
assignable— practically trauemittable to posterity. In 
six months it takes in more money than the reputable 
school would in six years, and spends next to nothing 
except on advertising and furniture, and the furniture 
is bought with a view to its advertising value only. 
Even tnese things, whenever possible, are bought on 

Your quotation from Lincoln, " You can fool some of 
the people all of the time, all of the people some of the 
time, but you can't fool all of the people all of the 
time," is true and quite aprcpDshere— but we see it just 
the reverse from the way you look at it. Enough of the 
paople are fooled— and for a sufficient length of time to 
virtually ruin the standing of commercial tchools in 
that community, to ruin the reputable school and its 
proprietor, to be the financial ruin of a large majority 
of the deceived students, and to take away from them 
what is perhaps their only and last chance for a busi- 
ness education, and in some cases it goes a long way 
toward helping the mental ruin of these students. 

Of what use is it for the proprietor of the reputable 
school " to show by doing something better the ineffi- 
ciency of the ' fake ' school ? " The territory is Uke a 
sucked orange, the public bankrupt so far as funds for 
commercial education are concerned. The reputable 
proprietor cannot sit down and wait six or seven years 
for another crop of students to grow up, and neither 
can he afford to tpend time and money endeavoring to 
undo the damage the fake school has done. There is 
nothing left for him but to seek another location. 

He could form an association of hie fellow school pro- 
prietors, and by organized effort break up this nefari- 
ous business of starting fake schools. By organized 
effort these fakirs could be run out of cities in which 
they are now located and be prevented from opening 
schools in new fields. 

Dignified silence, high grade work and all these sort 
of theories have been tried, but where they have been 
put into practice there has the fakir waxed fattest. 
Experience has shown that there are not enough of diS' 
criminating people to encourage legitimate work for 
commercial schools— at least where the fakir with his 
"up-to-date methods" gets in his work. After the 
fakirs have so nearly ruined the reputation of all com- 
mercial schools as to cause the public to be suspicious of 
all such schools, perhaps the public will be more can 
tious and discriminating. 

To allow these conscienceless fakirs to plunder one 
community while we maintain an exalted quiet, and 
when their own evil acts have found them out so that 
they are compelled to flee with their swag to new fields 
and pastures green— what more could the fakirs ask to 
promote their business than that we should continue to 
preserve that dignified silence while community num- 
ber two, in blissful ignorance, submitted itself to the 
same plucking process ? Respectfully, 

Wm. J. Kinsley. 
April So, 1S9S. Editor Penman's Art Journal. 


Tbe Jocrnal's Trize Contest, particu- 
i'lLe'co'i'it'cai. '"'^ °' which were given on page 65 in 

the April number, should stir up an in- 
terest in writing all over America. There is a chance for 
each and every one to show his chirographic metal. The 
prizes are numerous and the conditions varied, so as to 
make many classes— and to make fair conditions. Read 
the announcement carefully, roll up your sleeves and 
start on the work to day I 

'AND BY THE FLAG ! For the 
first time in the United Stateg 
in the present generation the 
sword becomes mightier than 
the pen. Diplomacy haying 
failed to free Cuba and restore 
psace in the Pearl of the Antil- 
les, a plain duty has devolved 
upon the Government of the 
Qnited States to atop the hor- 
rors which for three years have 
devastated the island and have caused the death of over 
300,000 Cubans. Since diplomacy as represented by the 
pen has been of no avail, nothing is left but the arbitnir 
ment of the sword. 

In these stirring times It is the duty of all American 
citizens (whatever may have been their opinions aboot 
the necessity of war before the ultimatum was issued 
by President McKinley) to stand by the flag. 

We feel certain that no cUss of people will be found 
more loyal and patriotic than the proprietors, teachers 
and students of the commercial and normal schools of 
our country. Eight now is an opportune time for teach- 
ers to inculcate patriotism and loyalty to the flag among 
their students. 



We would bd pleased to have photo- 

Havc Voii graphs of all teachers who have enlisted 

f'ohintrercii ? in the United States Army in the present 

crisis. We would like to know whether 

or not we are to change the addresses of those of our 

subscribers who have volunteered to Morro Castle ? 


It is refreshing to Bud a judge like 
A .T„a,jr'a ^^^ learned Edgar L, Fursraan of Troy, 
"'""'"" "^\ N. Y., who is known as a deep student 
ij-ixi s. ^^^ splendid lawyer, and who has had 
considerable experience with handwriting expert testi- 
mony. The iormer and present editors of The Joob- 
NAL appeared as handwriting experts in a criminal case 
before Judge Fursman in the Supreme Court In New 
Y'ork lately. The case hinged almost entirely on the 
expert testimony. 

From the oflicial stenographer's minutes we give, m 
part, the judge's charge to the jury and the closing 
notes of the trial. From these remark3 to the jury 
will be seen the weight that Judge Fursman attaches to 
expert handwriting testimony: 

The Court: The prosecution rely upon the evidence of 
three experts who have testified in your hearing. These ex- 
perts unite in the opinion that the letter which'Js'.charBod in 
this indictment was written by the same person who wrote 
the letter to Judge Fitztterald anil the letter toZMrs. Bridg- 
ham which have been put in eridence, and whiuh.the defend- 
ants counsel has stated were written by the defendant. 
Thay give their reasons— two ot them at considerable length 
-tor arriving at this conclusion. Now, it is yonrlduty to 
weiKh the evidence ot these experts, to see whether they are 
right, because the proso'^ution must satisfy you that he 
wrote it. Who are the^o men? They hove been exnmmed 
before you. They have given to some extent information 
concerning their studies and qualitlcations. They .testify, 
two of them at least, that they have devoted comparatively 
long lives to the study of disputed handwriting; that they 
have examined disputed handwritins that has afterwarda 
become the subject of litigation in a large numlwr of 
The other one is a teacher of handwriting and has devoted 
loss years, as indeed he has seemed to have lived less years, 
to tliis very interesting study. Are their opinions reliable? 
Do they satisfy you that the man who wrote these two let- 
ters the one to Judge Fitigerald and the other to Mrs. 
Brldgham, is the same man who wrote Exhibit No. 1 J They 
concur in the opinion that Exhibit No. 1 is written in a dis- 
guised hand, and it is apparent from the other two letters, 
the one to Judge Fitzgerald and the other to Mrs. Brldgham, 
that they were written with a lead pencil, and with a freo, 
off-hand, accustomed movement, but they declare that 
they are able, by certain tests which they say they have 
fonnd to be accurate during their long study of this science, 
to identify characters in this letter with the characters in 
the two letters tD which I have referred, and that such an 
identification occurs in a largo number of instances. Bring- 
ing down to a conclusion the result ot their long expsnences, 
and their examinations ot these letters, they uniformly de- 
clare that they have no doubt that the same person wrote all 

""'''°' (CoMiuted on paye »i.) 


Three Hundred Graded Pen Copies In Rapid Business Writing. 




copici., w 

ritlen »l 

h an 

rone free nio 

venieni, are pbo 

o-ennrnved iu e 


he Roine «i»e 

ind ri'pirs 



rk ns 


1 is possiblft 

lodo Irom nny pin 

le. The) 

are no 

made lo 

ook prett 

yi lb 

By areineani 

TO BE OF ll!<E. 

They nill til 1 

ito and 

enpplrment > 

onr work 


hout c< 


ne at 

nny poll 

1. I'ROVID. 

ING rou belieTc i 


h plain 

rapid bn 



The Copies 

«ay be cut from 1 

^c paper and u 

sed jnst 

ao nny other 

copy slips 

. pr 



en. ar 

e used. 

In this wax 

ttary may be prese 

pvrd ind 


Rf'Rd evt-ry » 

rord of e 


Ion relnl 

nE l« Ihi 

8 eon 

rse of iasirn 

ction on pnite 221 of Dec. JOl'llNAL,. i 

vltb which ni 

niber the 


ruction beei 

i«. Renienibe 

that in ibU 

coDrite Ibe CopiCH 

do Ihe in 

niu pan oforjt 


ir VOL consider 

It adTlBHble to b 

Te additional 


■on to yonrst 

idents in c 


ection i 

vith the Cot 

ies. Ihe 

looris wld^ 

•pea. In any rvenl you en 

1 make 


mncb nio 

re Ta 

nable to Ibeni by your adTice 

and direction. 

(See M 

r. Helchner's 

biuta on 

paec S9.) 



- Coules 

1 Annou«,a 

ineni on pnue ff.^. 





belli II n 

iifa December. 



No. 2(5. 





' --■■^/^-■7^--£.-'d>A^ 

.«2^^«^>i// -^£<^^-iC5>^ 

Lesson No. 27. 





\^^.yhM^ ^^^^^ ^j^^tM^ 

Lesson No. 28. 



a^ (^^ c<r^ (^ (^ ^^ ^ ^_ ^^^^^ ^^^ 




Lesson No. 29. 

An Advertising Record. 

A short time since The Journal received a letter 
from the publishers of the St. Louis Star inclosing a 
communication with remittance for a work on mathe- 
matics. The wort was described in an advertisement 
attached to the letter, which the writer stated he saw 
In The Penman's Art Journal. The Star people wrote 
us that they had received several previous letters of the 
same sort, that they knew nothing of such a work and 
had returned the remittances, but were becoming curi- 
ous to know how such an advertisement could have 
been inserted. 

We searched our books for eight years back and were 
unable to find record of any euch adveritisement. Fail- 
ing in this we wrote to the gentleman who sent the 
order and asked him if he had not made a mistake. His 
answer states that he made no mistake, and refers us 
for verification to The Journal for January, 1S88— ten 
years ago 1 The concern advertising has since gone out 
of existence. If any of our contemporaries can beat 

this for a long distance pull, we shall be glad to have 
the facts. 

Brother Reagh's Good Broom. 

Penman's Art Journal : 

Here are sixty subscribers out of a school of sixty- 
eight. Have you any better records ? 

D. A. Reagh, Manistee, Mich. 

Well! That is a pretty good round-up for sure, and it 
doesn't look as if the record could be much improved. 
Quite a number iif our friends have come pretty near 
making a clean sweep this year, but so far as we know 
Brother Reagh holds the banner on percentage. 

Apropos of this a genuine friend of The Journal re- 
cently sent this letter : 

" Enclosed are five subs. Maybe you think the list is 
not large, hut it comjirises exactly five-sixths of my de- 

The Journal has entered no club this year, or any 
other year, with a deeper appreciation of the kind 
offices of the sender. 

MO.. C. C. 


(Continued from page 85.) 
Now. we know that the science of detectinfj handwriting is 
the subject of study hv men who engage for pay in that pur- 
suit. They expect when they are called upon in courts 
of justice or elsewhere to make examinations and testify con- 
cerniDg them to be paid for it. That is the business of their 
lives, as it is the business of life of a lawyer to get pay from 
Ills client for services, of a doctor from his patient, of a pastor 
from his congregation Their pay it may be justly said, I 
think, must depend largely up»n the extent and character of 
thMfr studies, and the extent and character of their qualifica- 
tions to speak: precisely as one lawyer may receive, and will 
I hirge compensation for a case, while a lawye" '" 


1 testified before you. as the r 

, ud uU that study could qualify then 
3 with relation to it, and they have attempted to give to 
and have given to you, what they claim to be their rea- 
for the result at which they have arrived. Are they 
Are you satisfied that they are right, beyond a rea- 

sonable doubt 
Mr. Atchison (counsel for defendant 
ent to that portion of your H( 

ir as expert testii 
nest the Court ' 
n^isentitled toii 


: Thi.t 1 . 

If your Honor 
lur Honor "s charge in so 
case. I respectfully re- 
ft evidence is stronger 
II than expert testimony. 

r>'tusal, and I except to all 
to charge the last request 

Mh. Atch 

THECoURr: That i 
under the circumstnn ._ 

The jury retired at 3 W p.m., taking with them Exhibits 1, 
:;. 3. 7, f. Q, 12. 13. N and 15, by consent of counsel. 

The jury returned into Court at 4.18 p.m. 

The Court: I have received, gentlemen of the jury, from 
Tou this question. Of course. I cannot answer any questions 
by written communication. I have to bring you into court 
and have th« prisoner and his counsel represented and the 
District Attorney. ' Did the experts positively swear that 
thrt threo letters. Nos. 1, '-i and ii. were written by the same 
person*" They swore that they had no doubt that they 
were written bv the same person. Ames swears that they 
were. " In my oinnion all three letters were written by the 
same person." He says there is no doubt in his mind. Ex- 
pert Kinsley testifies to the same, and that there is not the 
shidow of a doubt, I think, as he expressed it, that the same 
pprson wrote them all. That answers your question. I have 
not undertaken to give the exact language, but that is what 
thev said in substance. 

Mil. Atchison: I except to the further charge that your 
Honor has just made, 

Thk Court: 1 am not making any charge; 1 am answering 
n question that the jurors asked me as to what evidence the 
experts gave. 

Mit Atchis< 
«])onse to the i 

Thft jury retired at 4,21. and ; 
and statist! through their forem 
fendnut guilty as charged in the indictment 

Lecture by D. T. Ames. 

T^L'ourt Geo. W. Childs resolved itself into a scientific 
society Thursday evening, under the tuition of the world- 
famed expert penman, Prof. D. T. Ames. A large and 
exceedingly appreciative audience were captivated by an 

~Z^' 1 eloquent exposition, artistic and mas- 

.^^^^^ tered in its thoroughness, on the 

/ ^^^ value of expert penmanship. The 

^^ ^^1^1 blackboard illustrations were simply 

> i4. jB^P marvelous, each example bemg from 

JUM^BH^T some celebrated case. The forgeries 

^^^^^^^L^ in the Fair will case were traced, and 

^^^^I^^^H the mechanical fact was simply over- 

^^^^^^^j| whelming in its complete delineation. 

Much admiration was elicited by the 

D T AMES delicate and artistic grasp of the 

Balient essentials in each case, and the absolute clearness 

of the proofs. Many legal luminaries who came quite 

skeptical and critical were speedily convinced as to the 

- r ^ uvinced ; 

nd value of expert testimony. 
At the conclusion of the lecture Prof. Ames was unani- 
mously elected an honorary member of Court Childs and 
tendered an enthusiastic vote of thanks.— Elizabeth, N 
J., Journal. 




.VNTO -f 


•Leviticvs-25 10- 

Peter T SHARP Jr-InvetDeu- 


EDITOR'S Calendar. 

Palmer's Penmanship Budget; An Epitome ot Plain 

and Ornate Penmanship. Edited by A. N. Palmer ; 

Western Penman Publishing Co., Cedar Rapids, la., 

publishers. Paper, 128 pages. 

By far the best edition of this work that we have seen 
is the one which is just from the press. It coutains les 
sons in muscular movement writing by Mr. Palmer, 
ornate blackboard designs by F. B. Courtney, medium 
fancy capitals by L. Madarasz, lessons in flourishing with 
designs by O. P. Zaner, E. h. Brown and W. H. Beacom. 
newspaper illustrations by G. W. Wallace, lessons in au 
tomatic lettering by C. A. Faust, engrossing and orna- 
meutat designs by Haring, Geyer, Moore and Dennis, 
pen drawing by Webb and Costello, engrossing by C. L. 
Ricketts. Others represented in drawing, writing, flour- 
ishing, etc., are the Zauerian Art College, Miss Anna 
Stutt and E, L. Brown. A great variety of script, letter- 
ing, flourishing, designing, etc., is shown and all of the 
work is of high order. Any penman, young, old or mid- 
dle aged, must be in a bad way if he cannot get many 
times the publisher's price from this splendid work. It 
is the best thing Brother Palmer has ever gotten out and 
we 'can unhhesitatingly recommend it to Journal 
Business Hand Writing.— By A. W. Rogers. Pub 

lished by Isaac Pitman & Sons, 33 Union Square, N. Y. 

Cloth. 73 pages. Price 35 cents. 

Many critics of American schools and American methods 
frequently point out that in the matter of handwriting 
we are behind the other nations. In a series of articles 
illustrated with fac-simile specimens of the best hand- 
writing of the leading countries ot the world. The Jour- 
nal has demonstrated that America is ahead of any 
country in the world in everything that goes to make up 
a good handwriting, namely, legibility, speed, freedom, 
grace, and ease of execution. Messrs. Pitman & Sons are 
60 discriminating, as a rule, and use such good judgment 
in selecting matter for publication that we are somewhat 
surprised to see that they are expecting to sell this book 
on this side of the Atlantic. The work is old fashioned, 
and while it has one element, that of legibility, it lacks 
all the other good points that are found in the American 
handwriting, and it this writing is a fair sample of Mr. 
Rogers' best work it doesn't begin to equal that of thou- 
sands of 16 year old American business college students. 


If we mistake not several of the illustrations in the mat- 
ter of positions, movement, exercises, etc., are modeled 
on the line3 of some popular ones in this country, but in 
this work they are poorly written, poorly drawn and 
poorly engraved. 

The Self Made Man in American Life. By Grover 
Cleveland, Ex-Pres. of the United States. Published 
by T. Y. Crowell & Co., New York>nd Boston, 
pages. Cloth. Price 35 cents. 

This is the address delivered by Mr. Cleveland at the 
150th anniversary of founding of Princeton University. 
Mr. Cleveland points out the danger that in our admira- 
tion of a so-called self-made man we may not hold up a 
sufficiently lotty idea. He believes that self-made men 
should not be] satisfied with any mediocre attainments. 
~' ' nd ii 

The tone throughout i 














Signing Cuban Intbrvei 

Auxiliary Exercises in Connection with "300 Graded Pen Copies." 

These copies are to be used under direction of the teachers, and in connection with the "tJiK) Gra^ied Pen 
Copies "—if the teacher thinks it advisable to use additional copies. 

These copies are by : 12—5. F. Fish, Metropolitan B. C, Chicago ; J2 — E. F. Quintal, Brown's B. C, Blooming- 
ton, ni.; K2—C C. Lister, Sadler's B. & S. B. C, Baltimore, Md.; L2—\. H. Lipsky, Comer's C. C, Boston ; Af«— R, 
W. Ballentine. Wellsboro, Pa., B. C. 


rir. Kelchner*s Mints and Suggestions. 

l.vuHon 'Hi.-i'uiuvs t.lS, l,7», /«<>, tOt and 102 

This exercise is to limber up the writing muscles aod 
give you freedom, speed and nccurAcy in making the let 
* "-'■ • ercise tibout eight times. 

ters. Retrace each « 

Use rotary and up and down movement. See how 
near you can keep the long down strobe straight. 

Have the lines cross right on the base line. Have this 
letter correspond in slant with other letters. 

In writing Copies 100 and KJl go directly from capitals 
to small letters without rai-ing the pen. 

ft)/".'/ No. If,*. 

Arrange matter the same as copy. Be careful about 
the slant and the suacing. 
Are you gaining ? If not. whose fault Is it ? 
Lesson 37^— Copies tG3, 1G4, IGU, 1G6, 167 »nfi IGH. 

Copy No. 10.). 
Rotary movement. Retrace each exercise six or eight 
Times. In secund style notice how tbo angle is formed at 
left. You mnst stop at this place iu order to form an sDKle. 
Make these esercisea lHrt;e at tirst If y(iu find you CBDDot 
make them without usinj? flugor movement, then ^'radually 
reduce tbem to .size of copy. 

Copy No. IC/,. 
Make a quick pause at lett -so as to get the anple; curve last 
down stroke a little. 

Copivx ior- and ItU',. 
from capitals to small letters without raising the 
" ,s copy. See that you 

Go direct 
3en. Write the main matter 
jet tlie small letters separated. 

Write page after pane with a good 


Copies 107 and IGS. 
Watch i^losply the height and spacing between capitals. 
Use a good free movement. 

Lesson •JS.-Copies 1G9, 170, 171, 17'-i, 173, 174, 
175 and 17G. 

Copy No. 16'J, 

Master this exercise with a good strong movement, and see 

if you can't make a liue as good or better than the copy. You 

mu«t come to a complete stop at leftiu order to get the angle. 

W rite at least four pages of this copy before you take up the 

Copies no and 173. 
Never allow the stroke over the top of stem to touch the 

Make oval small and round. 

Try to put some force and strength iu your movement. 
You have in the words and sentences a good opportunity to 
tent your s^kill in spacing height and slant of the letters. 
Don't neglect the sentence work. 

^' ^mC Q&332V ^^:f^:^<^ 

O. F. Williams, United States Consul at Manila. 

Now that the Philippine Islands are so much in the public eye in connection with the Spanish-American difficulties, the 
American Consul, O. F. Williams, has been a central figure Journai, readers will remember that Mr. Williams was for 
many years a member of the faculty of the Rochester, N. Y,, Bus. Inst., and more recently was prin- 
cipal and proprietor of the Scronton, Pa., B. C. When Mr. Williams was appointed Consul at Manila 
it was not his first experience in this line, as during President Harrison's administration he was Con- 
sul to Havre. Prance, one of the most important consulates on the European continent. A few days 
before the destruction of the Spanish fleet at Manila and the subsequent taking of the arsenal, etc., by 
American forces, Mr. Williams, together with Americans on the islands and many native refugeas, 
went to Hong Kong, China. Mr. Williams was there taken aboard Commodore Dewey's flagship, 
Olympia, and consequently was in the thick of the fight at Manila. 

For many years Mr. Williams has been a coDspicuous figure in business college circles, especially 
at conventions. He is a brother of L. L. Williams of Williams & Rogers, commercial school book pub- 
, r. WILLIAUS. lishers, Rochester. N. Y. 


ofossional stylo, on gray 
lived from A. Hartkorn, 
Passaic, N. J., B. C. 

— J. T. Rose, Penman. Adelphi Coll., Brooklyn, N. Y., sends 
some excellent movement exercises. 

— J M. Reaser, Dover, N, J., B C compliments The 
Journal with a cartoon representing other penmanship 
publications bowing down betore it acknowledging its 

— H. N. Garrett, Penman, Vancolmrg. Ky., Nor. Coll.. 
favors us with some splendid business and ornamental writ- 
ing. He is a good penman. 

— B. P. Pickins, Argenta, Ark., submits a package of cards 
that siiow splendid pen control. His work is very graceful. 

— R. M. Roudebush. Parsons, Kans., is an excellent busi- 
ness writer, Kelchnerian style, and is a good ornamental 
writer as well, judging by some late specimens. 

— C F. Gubitz, Rockville, Conn., has favored Thk .Toun- 
NAi- with some florisuhes and neatly written cards, all giving 
evidence of much skill. Mr. Gubitz is doing some excellent 
work these days. 

— H. F. Cook, Evergreen. Ala.. B. C, seuds a daintily flour- 
ished card. 

— Some dashy ornamental writing comes from M. R. Ode- 
gaard, St. Ansgar, la.. Seminary. 

Students' Specimens. 

— Some samples of the every day work of the students of 
J F Siple. Bartlett's C. C, Cincmnati, O., embracing a vari- 
ety of styles of business writing and movement exercises, 
have been received. It is all of a supprlative order, and most 
of it would serve as copy. The writing wa"* bo good that 
when we picked it up at first we thought it was tome of 
Brother Siple's, so closely did it resemble his. Among the 
best writers are G T. Rasch. John Schlewinsky. Carrie 
Mueller. A. T. Steves, Dullie Howdon, Louis Utz, Gns Poppe. 
Herbert J. A. Steves. Chas Kuyper. Anna Leonard, Fannie 
Mack, E. T. Kelley, Manetta Zeah, William Kopf. 

— L W. Pollock, pupil of Geo. W. Burke. Jr., Danville, 
Va , Mil. Inst., sends some well handled moveme; 

— Max Smith, eighteen yearold .pupil of L M. Kelchj 
Dixon, sends some practice 
Journal, that shows he i^^ . 
of his illustrious teacher. It is superb b: 

I'ltblic School Work. 

1 Grade 1, Shelton Avenue School, New Haven. Conn., Mrs. 
Bradley, teacher. These pupils had been in school less than 
seven months when the specimens were written, and many 
of the writers are but five years of age. While every pupil 
in the room is represented, it is remarkable to see how even 
the writing runs. Evfry letter shows good control, and 
when it is considereii tlmt Ih^se i>uihK have bet-n iii nt-bool 
less than seven mouth> iiml ttiiit ni.<.u\ ;ir.> l.ut fi\ .■ \>'ars of 
age, and none of them uv^r -i'Vimi. it i^ Ti<..t.'W()rtliv thut so 
much has been accomplif^hed with siirb yiniiiu' |K-nplu. This 
work shows that Supervisor HoustoD kuuwa bow to direct 
and Mrs. Bradley knows how to teach. 


The Penm, 


r Journal, 20 puges, subscription price 50 cents 
p JoiTRNAL. News Edition, 24 pages, subscription 
t there are four added pages 


Many I» the Ni-ws Edition. All advertisemento 

Ions. alHo ull tuHtructlon features, except that the 

ol Dcpt. and everythlug pt-rtalnlng to Vertical Writing 

e News Edition only. 

C'luhbitiff Rates. 
RnouLAR Edition.— 3 subs. $1. 5 to 10 subs. 30c. each, 12 subs, or 
more, sent at one time. 2oc. eacb. 
News Editiok.~2 subs. 91.20, a subs. 91.65. 4 or more subs. 50e 

rftfA parnnraph marked mrana that your aubfn^ption has expired 
arul you uHU get no mare Journals until you subscribe again. 

Pro/easional or Permanent List. 

The .iournal's Professional List Includes only thosewhosubacrlbe 
for the News Edition at •! a year (no club suba.i. To these the 
paper Is sent until ordered discontinued. Notice that another year 
Is due Is given by marking the little Italic paragraph below. All 
BUbH. are payaltle strictly In advance, and prompt remittance is re- 
a bill or writing a letter means an 
. per cent, of the small i 

* of peculiar gratification 

' The 


t List has contained for ye; 

;lubs of the 
t lacking in 
• '•"^ ji-.i iniiii.ii iiiL- nil 11 lui 1 w.. It WOO appreciate tne im- 
port !iiir.> i.f iLi^ihii lining- ,1 li It'll j; I .I'll' I iincsL'utatlve paper that ap- 
peals !-> itn.-iimnii ,,i.M , u.irks r.r rhc upbulldlnif of ihe pro- 

feshlou "lid Kiv,'-i ■ tIh' hcsi iiuii Most of It." regardless of cost.<tr(i(,rui>li marknl mnnisthat uour name is entered on our 
Profotsioniil Li»t iNeirn Kdition) and that another year is due ($0. 
No subs, takin at U'ms than $1 are entered on to IJiis list. Prompt 


Please notice the address on your wruoper and see If it is Jtist 
right. If not. drop us a postal at once with proper correction. 

This applies especially to ...-&, 

It don't pretend to be inff 

Id you without writing us. and It will save time and t 

but don't pretend to be'lnfalllblp. Don't bother the agent.'' Ke 

"'" ■ ■■ ■■■ ad trouble loi 

by StRteH, 

Our HubBcrlptlon lieitH 
It will be uecesttary. the 
your ndtlreMM uhnuseil, TO STATE WHAT YOUR 
FOKMKU AUDltESM WAS] otberwiHe wv Hhall be 
nimble CO flnil your nnnie. Neitber cnn we anord to cuter 
jnio correHpoudeDce over tbe matter. 

We Hboulil bo uoltfleil one mouth iu advance of nuy 
rhaniie iu iiddreiiH. OtherwiHe nrrangemeutH should be 
made to have your JOURNAIi forwarded. 

"r.^/m/nan^ QJ^ik/>QjvtUAajC> 

/nr v*r«Vbi»TBTrrBTnnnnnnf b" 5'5 68 a b'b b a b ah 



U This again smashes by long odds the biggest 


thank yo 


rld's leading pcDn 
d friends, one and 

ill. and pledge 


record in penmanship j 

le Journal, and every 
The Journal will cent 


■ feel 

.'. I, Sloriry, Er.i.mii" Hall High School, Bioaklyo ; W. C. -Acnrl., Monlrsjl ■: ■ - ■ - -■■■,■ i.. |. i ,„,i. fIb ■ 

chupptl.Spmiiifield.Jll. . n.C ;(f K.9i«lding,Si)«ldingC.L-.. A. li l-iirotr, ...r, .... u H. 

e College, Fbiladelpbia. 461. 
r, Spencerian Bus. Coll., Mil- 
. W. Way, of die same school, 47. 
C. A. & F. H. Burdett, Burdett Bus. Coll.. Boston, 

Robert C, Speiic 


H. Coleman, Coleman's Na 
N.J., 197. 

J. G. Kline, assisted by A. 
Mich., Bus. Uoi., 188. 

C. C. Lister. Sadler's B. & S. Bus. Coll., Bolti 

Bus. Coll., Newark, 
. Meiriam, Detroit, 



\. Thoniburgh, Writing Sapervi; 

ibus, O., I 

, Patdson, 

I Art Coll.. Co 

E. A. Newcomer and C, 
J., B, C. 135 ; A. H. Stephenson and E, E. Merville, 
0. & S. B. C, Buffalo, N. V.. 134; W. H. Beacoin, 
Goldey's Wilmington. Del., C. C, 133 ; Child's Busi- 
ness Colleges, Springiicid and Worcester, Mass., 133; 
A. H. Ross and A. D. Skeels, Troy. N. Y., B. C. 119. 

Others in the century class are: C. J. Becker, Lit- 
erary & Coni'l Coll., Fall River, and Bus. Uni., New 
Bedford, Mass.. 115 ; F. W. Cowles, New Intemt'l B. 
C. Bay City. Mich.. 112 ; D. L. Hunt, Heald'a B. C„ 
San Francisco, Cal., no; other dubs averaging lOo 
have been received from C- L. Doty. Penn. B. C, 
Easton. I'a.; C. H. Allard, Gem City B. C„ Quinry, 
ni.; D. B Anderson, Highland Park Nor. Coll., Des 
Moines, la.; S. D. Gutcbess, Gutcliess Coll. of Bus., 
Detroit. Mich,; F. L. Haeberlc, State Nor." School, 
Millcrsrtlle. Pa.; Geo P. Lord, Salem, Mass., C. 
School ; E, C- A. Becker and C. B. Post, Becker's B. 
C. Worcester, Mass.; J. P. Fish, A. W. Lesley, A. W. 
Dudley and C. W. Kitt, Metropolitau U. C, Chicago ; 
'lickinger, Philadelphia ; J. H. Hcsser, Pa. D. 

, Lancaster, Pa. 

TiroMo.^ODljA.^C W Nm, B. School.»n, N. Y.) 

Junction. Colo.; T. P. Lh.mon. Hlkhort. lud.. Id«.; P J. Lowe. 
Corry, Fa.. B. C; V. ii. Linder.. Chlld'^ B. C. North.mplon, 



itf Thf 

rrl in Onantittoa. 


' liiiiidred copies, 

LJ.1.S .,1 Liu News Edition 

'\ It would be well to club 
y Retting the reduced r 

tOKClhiT ami onl. i .1 .|Uiiutlty. ! 
■When ~IN ..!■ iiin,. |i;,|,er9 are 

avoidhiK iTL-asi s Iweuty.flve c. . „., „^ 

better 1.MII. Ir must he dlatlnctlv understood that 1 . -_ ,„., 

option to decline all orders for single copies when tbe edition gets 

Advertising Jtates. 

^Thirty eentsper nonpareil lUie. r2.50 per Inch, each Insertion. 

I and space. Special t 

. - rtlsement taken for lei , . 

Notice iH hereby siveu Hint The Jo 

i furnished ( 

I ap- 

others Guess— We Swear. 

of Ne« York 
City and Ootinly of Kew York 

that the above statament 
llshed In tha sail Journa 
«b«olutely correeTT-^ 

8worn to before tM. 

/<£* day of Uepcif; 1898 

yi-fC-'/hcu!.<^- Notary Publ 
Certificate Filed In N. 

vt'-^Ha.'"""^'' • 

dent of the Subscrlp- 
nman's Art Journal; 
of circulation pub- 
1 for March, 1698 la 

for Klnga Co., N. 1. 


I >*»■ fO* » / 


An amuBing contemporary pnblifihed at Cedar Rapids, la.. 
kept standing for a long time a facetious statement to tbe 
effect that it bad a larger clrculatiun than anv other pen- 
manship papor iu the world. More than a year aco we chal- 
lenged the statement (which was not true at that time and 
never had been truet. We prave exact fieures as to The 
1 .-,- ;;ii-(.niatinn, refprrine to printers and paper 

akers and called for a like statement. After the lapse of 

. —finths (Riving it a chancH to work up several "spe- 

for statement purposes) our contemporary 

cial ed 

came out with ._ _. .„ ., .„ 

Journal's^ legitimate circulation had at that 

^j^^^ ^^^^ prompt publication 

the ngure 
ght Down to Date. 

the above affidavit appeared in the March 

■ rinrht down to date, the exact details of 

■culation for the past twelve issues are as 

flffures Sad to r«lat«. how 

uth8, •J63.650. 

away ahead of the figun 

i efforts in the 

flag and wisely abstained from 
connection, w** notice, ho 
obscure statement has crept into tiii 

that it has " a larger circulati( 

ng anything else in this 

that recently a much more 

paper to the effect 

nmilar publication 

Unles-i there bo a deliberate attempt 
why our contemporary shoulc 
' ■■ that 

claim. We havF 
sands of The Joi'una 
half so large. W*^ l< 

ment was made ._ 
with.fortifled with 


rculation, probably not r 
nothing to aueaa. There are no 
ye and rapidly growing" details 
KNAT. .s circulation. An open state- 
•jlarch issue and we repeat it here- 

Thk Joubna _ 

exceeded SiOrtO It is also of the' j. ,. ...^ 

vertisers that a large proportion of TheJou 

The figures in t 

Journal. Brought 

The Jouknal' 

follows : 

Total eirciilaiion for the tu-eli 
niiuiiuiim ediciou during the 


AvernEO edition diiriiiK tbe 

No cdiriou diiriuic thepaMt tnevci 
Net circiilntiou vaiu iu one > <•:- 1 

Hucqiialetl in the blstorv oI'i'iIik -.i 
The Joiibnai, offers to any .. 

pective. an affidavit embodying,' i li 

A Journal correspondent seems to think that a pava- 
KTaph which appeared in The Journal last month was 
intended as a reflection on Mr. C. E. Williams of Attle 
boro, Mass. It is proper to say that no reflection w:i> 
intended and that no criticism of Mr. O. E. Williaiii> 
from aiiy point of view has ever reached The Journal 
office. This statement is made as a matter of simple jus- 
tice and not at the demand or even the request of any one. 







School and Personal 

— ^onnNAL renders will bear in mind that we desire news 
items for this dppdrtnient. To luanv this is the moat inter- ' 
e?ting feature of Tre Journal and we wish to chronicle 
everv news event of importance. Goings imd commgp, new 
buildings for schools, changes in schools and faculties, roar- 
nagea and similar items are eagerly read. If you are inter- 
*>8ted in the doings of your fellow teachers why shouldn't 
they be interested in you ? 

— Recrnt visitors to The Journal, office were M. M. Link, 
Shamokin Pa.. B. C: C. T. Cragin. Mt. Pleasant MiL Acad., 
Sine Slug N. Y.: J. Howard Baldwin. Baldwin School of Bus.. 
Lockport. N Y : E. M. Ba,rber. Packard's Coll . New York 
City : L. O. Horton. Colomna's National B C . Newark. N. J.; 
E. E. Ferris, ba«nn's ScOool of Bus., Hoboken. N. J.; H. W. 
Rathbun, Brooklyn. 

— Upon the recommendation of Wilbur F. Wakeman. Ap- 
praiser of the Port of New York, the yecretury of the Treas- 
ury has appointed E. M. Barber of Packard's Coll- ge an 
«xpert accountant m the CuHtom" Service of the Port ot New 
York. Among other important duties Mr. Bai ber will reviiie 
and harmonize the bookkeepiutr systems now in esistencB in 
the several divisions of the Appraiser's Department. During 
the past year Mr. Barber has made an exhaustive study of 
the banftmg and clearing house systems of New York, the 
results of which have been embodied in a new test-book on 
bank bookkeeping for use at Packard's College. The accept- 
ance of this place was in line with Mr. Barber's determina- 
tion to hi uatlen himself and gain practical experience in the 

aes of work to better fit him for higher work in the 
al teaching line. Of course, it is peasant to con- 
template a much bettpr salary than a teaching position could 
aflforri. while gaining this experience. Journal readers are 

ton, N. J., has promised to be present and act as a free lance 
— J. Alma Pelot. who is three months over 84 years of age, 
has charce of the writing in the AHanta. Ga., Public Schools. 
We tbiuk that Mr. Pelot holds the medal as the Nestor of 
public school writing supervisors. Wbo can beat this record F 
J. F. Fish one of the )»trong teachers of that strong school, 
the Metropolitan Bus Coll., .Chicago, was born in Central 
Ohio, on a farm, Oct. 2^. iH60 He received the advantage's of 
u common school and academic trainiufr. and beeao teaching 
in public school! 

penmausuip lurouifu ua^Keii s aaveriise- 
ments and a copy of Shaylor's Compen- 
dium, and later completed a course in 
plain and ornamental penmanship in a 
Western scbool. Itinerant teaching and 
penwork of every description filled his 
time for a while, and finally he took up 
the study of commercial branches ana 
engaged in regular commercial college 
work. Taught two and one half years in 

and methods of discipline The next five 
and a hal f years were spent with the Ohio 
Bus Uni. of that city. In '93 he .joined 
Enos Spencer in the ewta'biiBbment of the 
Spencerian Business College ot.Louiaville, 
Ky.. where he remained till the spring of '97. when, on ac- 
count of 111 health, he disposed of his interests there, and after 
several months' rest began teaching tor Mr. Powers last 
September. He has served the We^itern Penmen's Associa- 
tion in all official positions excepting that of Secretary, being 
at present President. 

Fifteen yeprs ago, he formed a "life partnership" with 
Mrs. Fish, who is also a teacher. During their stay in Loai«- 
ville she had charge of the theory department of shorthand 
of the Spencerian College, and is very much interested lo 
that line of work. They are both ereat lovers of home, and 
suffered a severe loss five years ago by the death of their 
only child, Harry, a bright little fellow ot eight and a half 
years. Mr. Fish is not narrowed down to penmanship, but 
is a great admirer of art in all lines, and has tried to keep 
abreast of the times in all lines of educational work. He is 
companionable, makes friends readily and holds them. 

— The Sacramento. Cal.. papers of April 1st and 2nd contain 
columns ot interesting matter devoted to the Quarto-Cen- 
tennial of Atkinsons B. C. and to an account of the banquet 
■ of Commerce, at which IT.'i guests, 
. noted men in Sacramento and the 
State, assembled in the college rooms to do honor to the 
founder and principal ot thi.i well-Kuowu in.stitutinn Elo- 
quent resjiouses to n dnz.'ii ton-t^s woi" iii;ulr'- :i!iil tli-* Vmi]- 

f ront in the past few years, 

-.N.J3. Brewster, who has been working as supply teacher 

t for the past j 

at the Elmira (N. Y.) School of Cou 

has severed his connection with that school and is now givlDg 

hia whole time to peu work in that city. 

— From W. J. Amos we have received an invitaton to at- 
tend the graduating exercises. Class of '98. Merrill College, 
Stamford. Conn. It was beid Thursday evening. April 2H. in 
the Grand Opera House. The Stamford papers report at 
length the interesting procramme. Mrs Merrill and Mr. 
Amos are keepinir Merrill College right to the front. 
Since Uncle Sam has called for volunteers to give the 
taste of his quality, we don't know but there 
a vacancy in the penmanship department of the 
Sandusky, Ohio, B. C. Aggressive per- 
sonality is stamped on every feature 

tion. his initial war c_, .__ . . 
November 2.1, 1862— on a farm, of course. 
Mr. Jackson's hustling instinct fonnd full 
play in the period of adolesci 

" Paddy on the Railroad " at " a dollar . 
day and find yourself." Ten years ago he 
entered the Western Normal College, 
Shenandoah, la., and took the commer- 
KsoN. pi^] ,j^^ penmanship courses under the 
litor of The Jouhnal. who secured for him his 
first place— as teacher in the Virginia B. C, now located 
at Richmond, Va. He afterward completed the Zane- 
rian Art College penmanship course. Two years later he 
gave up his R4chmond place and established the Charlotte. N. 
C. Com'I College. Feeling that his usefulness as a teacher 
would be greatly strengthened by practical experience. Mr. 
.lacksou sold this school and became connected with the Com- 
mercial National Bank of Charlotte in a very responsible 
position. The two years spent here enabled him to command 
a higher salary and he returned to hl^ old love, becoming 
— =- connected with the Virginia B " '' ' '--•--•"' 

nontbs ago to accept a natteHi 
teacher in the Sandusky, t 

school year, Mr. Jackson ■^ ^ r 

Department of the Western Normal College, Shenandoah, 
Jackson is full of energy and enthusiasm, 
it a point of honor to get out of a boy the 

and make; 

best that _. 

stincts and enjoys fellowship 

He has well developed ; 
'ith the Odd Fello 

nal in- 
ffs and 
also identified with Y. — _. __ . 
February, 18!)0, he was married to a lady of rare culture- 
Miss Rhena L. Monroe, a teacher of stenography and type- 

uorarily, from the commercial .teachii 
congratulate him on their behalf as w 
well merited recognition of his fitnea 

We debire to 
r own for this 
responsible a 

The original of the counterpart with the thoughtful dome 
1 W. H. Carrier, principal of the Commercial and Penman- 
ship Departments of the Adrian. Mich,, 
Dublic schools. He was born on a farm, 
irie City. 111., March If.. IS.iS. At 
3 of age he removed to Piatt Co.. 

W. H. Catiri: 

ship. His chirographic ability paid his 
way through Adrian. Mich . College, and 
he later was made principal of the com- 
mercial department of tnis institution. 
This position he held until lH8fS. when he 
was elected to his present place. He mar- 
ried Miss Martha E Wilcox, and two 
children, a boy and a pirl, add to the hap- 
piness of their home. Mr Carrier is many sided— a fine 
penman, a splendid teachRr,chalk-talker. elocutionist, photog- 
rapher and inventor. His latest invention is a very practi- 
cal attachment for combination writing and drawint; buard 
for school desks. Mr. Carrier stands well in the community, 
exerts influence, is genial and popular. 

— J. W. Jones. Super. Mt Auburn. la.. Pub. School, re- 
cently sent a subscription for The JouKNALfor one of his 
pupils. Henry Oliver, which was given as a prue for the best 
writing throughout the term in a da; 
made the award, The copies used wt 
Copies" now running in The Jocr 
being an excellent plan both i 
Ing prizes for the best work. 

— Bro. C. F. Eeutel, Montgomery. Ala . B C. in a recent 
letter to Tiif. Journal maintains that he is not very profi- 
cient in vertical writing, and uses it "only in taking notes 
where a high speed is required." The Journal hereby 
appoints Bro Howard Champlin a committee of one to throw 
torpedoes at Bro Beutel. 

When be spells out the front ot it, it roads Dalton B. An- 
derson, but when he gets his ornamental pen a-eoin^ the 
usual result is D. B.— so as not to slight the possibilities ot 
the ornate initial combmation. Brother 
Anderson is one of two who were a 
Washington's Birthdav present to their 
mother in the year l«7i His sister, Delia 

The subject of this sketch attended dis 
trict school and later the high school al 
Afton. la Moving with his parents " 
Moines, he completed the commercial 
course at the Highland Park Normal Col- 
lege and followed it up with a special 
course in penmanship and pen art under 
that giant in our guild. L. M. Kelchner. 

firm believer in plain, rapid business 
enthusiastic over the "300." When 
he can also hold up his end with the 

L honor for . 

of his age and : 

— Wo have received a very tastily gotten up invitation to 
attend the commencement exercises of the North Western 
B. C. Naperville. 111., on Tuesday. March 29th. A lengthy 
and interesting programme was given by fifteen graduates. 

— The Journal has received from W. C. Stevenson of the 
Executive Committee of the National Educational Associa- 
tion an outline of the programme of the Washington meet- 
ing on July 7- 12, on which appears the following names : H. 
W. Ellsworth. W. P. Lyon. C. C. Lister. Chandler H. Peirce, 
M. K. Bussard. L. H. Hausam. W. S. Riser. W. J. Kinsley. L. 
M. Thornburgh, A. F. Stolebarger, Misa L. Viola Waller, W. 

quet wound up with the presentation of resolutions of esteem 
for the good work he has been doing for the past quarter of a 
century. These resolutions were highly complimentary to 
Mr. Atkinson and his institution, and bear the formal en- 
dorsement of the Chamber of Commerce. A flash light pho- 
tograph was taken of the gathering, and The Jhurn " 

that is held up as a model for the young teachers in our con- 
ventions, and his knowledge is both broad and deep. He is in 
clo=e touch with the business and social worlds, and standi 
, high in both. He was at one time Grand Master of the 
Masonic order in the state of California, nnd represented 
that body in organizing the Masonic order in the Ha 

this school. 

- The Geneva, Ashtalmla Co . Ohio. Timvs of April 13th has 
the following notice : " The April number of The Penman's 
Art Journal, published in New York, contains the third 
" ■ " ' written by his son, Hon. Robert 

\. The future articles will give 
pupils of Mr 

_, _._ ._ ustrations 

•ing a glimpse of Indian Creek farm and the othe 

Senry, 'Harvey and Lyman, from c 


nbrotype taken about 

-The Stanberry, Mo.. Herald ot April 6th cives an ac- 
count of the Gentry County Teachers' Institute, and de- 
scribes the diseu-ssion on vertical writing with Miss Swank, 
in favor, and J. C. Olson of the Normal College, against. The 
Herald says that Mr. Olson seemed to convince the great 
majority of hearers that the vertical system is a failure. 

— The residence of C. H. Clark, Pres. Alamo City B. C. 
San Antonio, Tex , wa-* destroyed by fire recently, and Mr. 
Clark, his wife and children tarely escaped in their night 
clothes. Mr. Clark remained in the house until his wife and 
children were safely out. and then discovered that his own 
retreat was cut off and was compelled to jump from a high 

— P. B. Richardson, Dean, Burdett's B. C . Boston, who has 
been a severe sufferer for some months past with rheumatic 
fever, is now convalescing and expects soon to Vie able to 
attend to hia school duties. Mr. Richardson ia the right hand 
man of the Burdett Bros., and a mighty good man ne is too. 

New Schools, Changea, Etc. 

— New school: 
Can,. W J Ro; 
Train. School, A. J. Tuylor, Pres. 

— The following changes have recently occurred in the 
nrincipalship and ownership of schools : .'^hamokin, Pa , B. 
C , Kold by M, M. Link to Herbert Zaring. Mr. Link succeedn 
F. J. Klock as teacher in the Walworth B. C.N. Y.:— L. 
Eells is associate principal of the Waukon, la., B. C. 8s Nor. 

partment has recently been added to th 
>e Puniak Springs. Kla.. B. C. has bee 
closed. H. F. Cook, the proprietor, has opened another 
school at Evergreen. Ala.:— J. D. Thibodeau has disposed of 
his New Bedford. Mass . B. U.. to Miss Mary A. Chace. who 
will assume the principaUhip. C. J. Becker will remain &» 
penman.:— M. S. McBane has closed his school at Fairfield, 
w. Va. He is located at Shippingport. Pa, :- C. V. Fulton and 
E. W. Gold, late teachers in the Butte B. C. have purchased 
that Institution from A. F. Rice. They report a good attend- 
ance and bright prospects.— G. R. Stonffer, formerly of the 
Ohio Valley B. C, East Liverpool. Ohio, is proprietor of the 
new business colleiie at Toronto, Ohio.— D. A. West has sold 
the Lansing Military B. C. to H. J. Beck, formerly of Middle- 
ton, Ohio. 

JtToveinents of the Teachert. 

W. F. Gray is connected with the Gem City BC. Quincy. 

F. E. Pond, formerly of Meux's B. C. Peneacola, Pla., 

low teaching in Edmiston's B. C. Buffalo. N. Y. Miss 


nnw tPfi^hlnr' in Rdmiston's B. C. Buffalc. . 

_, late teacher of Drawing, Saginaw, 

Mich.. Pub. Sch , is with the PjibUc Schools in New York e 
Supervisor of Drawing.- 

-M. F. Knox i 
nit'ure business in Nashville, Tenn.- 
of Carlisle and Tyr 

engaged in the fur- 
— ueo. S. McClure, late 
■ teacher in the Clarks- 
burg, W. Va.. C. 'C. J. W. Snapp. Mattoon, III., is teaching 

commercial branches in the Gloucester, I' " 

Oelsen. a Zanerian graduate, is teaching i: 

of Commerce. Brooklyn. N. Y. W. E. Stewart, coml. dent. 

Kan-sas Normal Coll., Ft. Scott. Kans.^ owing to ill health 

has severed his connection with that institution. C. M. 

Nevitt, late teacher of shorthand. EUendale C. C. Curdsville. 
Ky., has been appointed official stenographer of the Tenth 

Kentucky Judicial District Court. J. I. Miller, formerly 

connected with Terres Haute. Ind., C. C, is now teaching in 
the Helena, Mont., public Schools. 

just learned of the death of B W. Fisher, which occi 
a sanitarium at San Gabriel, Cal., where he was takin.. 
ment for lung trouble. Mr. Fisher was a well-known com- 
mercial teacher, and for a number of years was connected 
with the Clinton Bus, Coll. He also taught in other Iowa 
business colleges. He was a member of the Iowa bar, and 
until his last sickness was employed on the editorial staff of 
the West Publishing Co., St. Paul. Minn., publishers of law 
books. Hia last work was in connection with the branch 
officeof the company at Washington. D. C. Mr. Fisher was 
a strong teacher, a well educated and useful man. and his 
loss will be severely felt in the commercial school and in the 
legal fraternities. 


From the Allamakee Journal, of Waukon and Lansing, la^, 
nf Feb Iflth we get particulars of the death of Wm. 1. 
Dempsey, which occurred in the early part of February, but 
particulars of which had not reached us before. We are in- 
debted to Mr. J. P. Byrne of Philadelphia for a marked copy 
ot the paper. The deceased was HH years and « months old at 
the time of his death, which occurred in the Training School 
for Nurses, at Bellevne Hospital, New York. At 16 he taught 
in public schools of Allamakee Co., Ia., and later took a com- 
mercial course at Wallace's B. C. La Crosse, Wis., following 
this with courses in Loughran's Seminary. Waukon ; School 
of Telegraphy, Janesville, Wis. ; Notre Dame. Ind.. Univ.. 
(graduating with degree A. B.) ; two years' course at Har- 




vard ; attended summer school nt Amherst, Mass ; Boston 
rtchool of Oratory : Poet Graduate wurse at Columbia Col- 
lejre. New Yorlt. He tauglit hieber English branches for four 
years in Holy Ghost College, PittsbarK. Pa. Having decided 
to shortly enter a heminary and study for the priesthood, he 
went to the Training School for Nurtes at Bellevue Hospital, 
N. Y., to familiarize himsell with materia medica and study 
human nature. While there he lectured in Packard's and 
other colleges in the citv. Mr. Dempsey was of u quiet, un- 
nlng disposition, and a local paper says probablv the 

Fresh JttmhtPMs IJterature. 

— The proHpectas and catalogue of Heald's B. C. San Fran- 
ctsco. Cal.. is cloth bound book with sides 8turaped_ and 
contaisWi pages. Tho mechanical work is good, it is printed 
on fine calendared paper, and is handsomely illustrated with 
specimens of penmanship, -views of the commercial, short- 
band, typewriting, electrical and civil and mining engineer- 

Haley, business manager of this school.^ which 

^, ....„.„.„, s.. „ - - delivered 

before the California Teachers' Association, San Francisco, 
on December 2!tth last, The college journal issued by this 
school is an excellent one, and contains much general matter 
in addition to being good advertising for the institution. A 
school which can issue large quantities of such sumptuous 
advertising must be largely patronized and in a prosperous 


— In the Pcirce School Aliin 

of articles on the commercial ^^ . „..-.--..- 

Peirce School. Mr. Bvrne is a thoughtful student and investi- 
gator, and anything from his pen is worth reading. 

— The Davis B. C. Toledo, O . M. H. Davis, Principal and 
proprietor, has printed in pamphlet form a splendid wnte-up 
of the school which recently appeared in the Toledo Sunday 

— The Gutchess College of Business. Detroit. Micb., is pub- 
lishing some bright advertising. They issue bulletins from 
time to time giving the latest positions secured by the mana- 
ger of the employment department of the school for its 
students, together with strong endorsements from business 
firms who have employed students of the institution. 

— The 24th Anniversary and Graduation Exercises of the 
Long Island Business College, Brooklyn, N. Y.. Henry C. 
Wright. Prin . furnished the text for a souvenir that was n 
good bit of advertising. The names of the graduates, pro- 
gramme, table showing tweutv-four years' growth and stu- 
dents registered since the first of September, were printed 
in It. Mr. Wright also sends out a tasty college journal. 

— The Sadler-Rowe Co., Baltimore, publishers of the 
Budget System, send out a very readable advertising sheet 
culled the Budget. It contains articles that will benefit 
teachers and students to read. We notice on the first page 
of the March number an excellent article on " What Are Es- 
tablished Rules and Customs of Business," by Dr. Rowe. 

~ The Metropolitan B. C. Chicago. O. M. Powers. Prin . is 
sending out a weekly journal called the Messcntier. It is 1« 
pages and quite original. We notice an excellent series of 
articles on " The Land-marks of History," by Mr. Powers. 

— Well handled college journals come from the following 
institutions : Wilsou's Modern B. C, Seattle, Wash : Dallas, 
Tex., C. C: N. Y. Bus, Inst., New York, N. Y.; Perrys Mer- 
cantile Coll.. Indianapolis. Ind.; Atkinson's B. C. Sacra- 
mento, Cal.; Ohio B. C.. Mansfield, O.: Pleasant View Coll., 
Ottawa, 111 ; Modern Scb. of Bus.. Denver. Colo.: Peirce 
School. Philadelphia. Pa.; Los Angeles. Cal.. B. C; Bingham- 
lon, N. Y.. School of Bus. & Inst, of Short.; Kansas State 
Normal School. Emporia. Kans.; Grand Raoids. Mich., B. 
U.; SFilem. Mass.. Com'l Sch.: No. 111. N. S. & B. C. Uixon. 
Ill ; N. I. N. S,. Valparaiso, Ind.; Superior B. U.. West Su- 
perior, Wis.; Mt. Augel. Oreg., Coll.: Univeraiby of the 
PactHc, College Park, Cal,; Minn. N. S. & B. C, Minneapolis, 

— The catalogue of the New Jersey B. C. Newark. N. J.. 
C T. Miller, Prin., presents the claims of this well-known 
institution in an attractive manner in sisty-eigbt pages of 
type and illastrations. The cover designs are by L. L. 
Tucker. Mr. Miller is also sending out a well printed college 

— Bright school journals have been received from the fol- 
lowing institutions: Galveston. Tex., B. U.: American 
Temperance Univ., Harriman. Tenn.; Middletowu, Conn.. 

Coll.; Chestnutwood's B. C. Santa Cruz, Cal.; Piedmont 
Coll., Lynchburg. Va.; Atlanta. Ga., B.C.: Sherman, Tex . 
B. C: No. III. Nor. Sch., Dixon, 111,; San Francisco. Cal., B. 
C; Marietta, Miss, Nor. Inst.; Central B. C, Great Bend. 
Kans.; Minnesota Nor. Sch. and B. C . Minneapolis, Minn.; 
Marion, Ind.. B.C.; Birmingham. Ala.. B. C. 

— In the well printed and edited college journal of the 
Rider B. C - Trenton, N. .1., A J. Rider, Prin . is a page de- 
voted to a lesson in rapid business writing by F. B. Moore, 
penman of the institution. The lesson is illustrated by the 
work of Mr. Moore and a student, J. L. Lee. 

— A dainty booklet is that sent out by the Birmingham, 
Ala.. B. C. 

— The Tacoma, Wash. B. C. is Bending out a neat little 
catalogue which is well illustrated. 

— Eiiiielhorn Iiusine.H8 Educator, published by the Engel- 
horn hielena, Moot., B. C , in addition to many interesting 
articles and illustrations, contains portraits of Prin. Engel- 
horn. Mrs. Engelhorn oud their two daughters, Clara Laura 
May and Esther Auna. lucideutlly a good notice of The 
JouHNAL. is given, for which we desire to return thanks. 


ol llie Eftwtern CoinmereinI TencherH* AsHociali 

HE semi-annual meeting of the 
Eastern Commercial Teachers' 
Association was held on April 
sth and 0th in the rooms of the 
Childs Business College, Spring- 
field, Mass. 

A goodly number were pres- 
ent, and the eubjects were well 
presented and discussed in a 
spirited and interesting man- 
ler, abounding in wit and wisdom. 
The following programme was carried out: 
Addresses of Welcome,— By E, E. Childs, on behalf of 

the College, and by ex-Mayor Eendricb, on behalf of 

the city. 

Methods of Teaching Arithmetic— E. D. Snow, Rnt- 
laod, Vt. Discussed by Messrs. Sadler, Lord, Kip, E. E. 
Childs, Houston and Strickland. 

Intercommunication.— A. R. Kip, Hartford, Conn. 
Discussed by Messrs. Becker. Lord, Morse. T. T. Wil- 
son, Strickland and Shaw. 

The Commercial Teachers' Educational Equipment.— 
J. E. King, Rochester, N. Y. Diecnssed by Sadler. 

English in Commercial Schools.— A. S. Heaney, New 
York. Discussed by Messrs. Kinsley, Piatt, Morse, 
Stricklaadland Becker. 

Time Devoted to Butineps Practice (Actual).— W. L. 
Bunker, Springfield, Mass. Discussed by Messrs. Lord, 
Becker, Barbour, Strickland and McDougal. 

Best Method to Advertise the Business College. — Dis- 
cussed by Messrs. Snow, Kinsley, King and Morse. 

Higher Accounting.- E. C. A. Becker, Worcester, 
Mass. Discussed by Messrs. McDougal and Kinsley. 

Time Required to Qualify th« Shorthand Amanuen- 
sip.— Chas. M. Miller, New York. Discussed by Messrs. 
T. T. Wilson, Rutherford, Piatt, Heaney and Miss Tib- 

Exhibition of Typewriting.— Mlsa May Carrlngton, 
Childs Bus. Coll., Springfield, Mass,, and Mr. J. A. 
Webber, New York. 

Shorthand Nomenclature.— Chas. T. Piatt, Hartford, 
Conn. Discussed by Messrs. Rutherford and Dexter, 
and Miss Tibbetts. 

Ex-Mayor Kendrick, in. his welcoming address, paid a 
just tribute to the excellent school accoenmodations 
afforded by the Childs Business College, directed atten- 
tion to the points of interest in the city, and closed with 
a strong appeal to the teachers to not forget, while 
teaching business practice, to also inculcate principles 
of business integrity. 

President Amos, in his preliminary remarks, urged 
peace and good will among business educators, and said 
that one of the ends (yes, both ends) of this Association 
was to promote harmonious relations and the attain- 
ment of a common purpose. Also urged that pupils 
should be taught good citizenship along with other 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and ap- 
proved. Constitution was presented by the committee. 
It was amended so as to permit candidates to be voted 
for at the meeting at which their names are proposed. 
A clause empowering the Association to confer certifi- 
cates of qualification to teach to those passing a pre- 
scribed examination was stricken out. Meetings to be 
semi-annual. Officers to hold for a year, and to be 
elected at the fall meetings. 

Mr. Heaney likened the mental processes, in handling 
words, to the action of a camera. Ideas, or mental pic- 
tures, naturally precede words. A word Is the mechan- 
ical reproduction of an idea. To express himself clearly 
one must first think clearly. One should be able to see 
with his eyes shut that of which he thinks. This he 
called " imaging." 

As many desired to possess Mr. Heaney's interesting 
and valuable paper a special contribution was made for 
the purpose of having it printed and distributed among 
the members. 

Mr. Miller placed the time necessary to convert 
" green " timber into '* seasoned " amanuenses at about 
eight months, which view met general indorsement. 

Mr. Kip believes intercommunication to be the only 
method now used In business colleges that truly could 
be called business practice. He referred to many of the 
systems of so-called office practice given out by differ- 
ent publishing houses, and pronounced them as only 
different ways of presenting the theory of bookkeeping. 
He spoke of the great variety of correspondence which 
intercommunication demanded of the student, and the 
may benefits derived from their actually having, them- 
selves, to think out the different problems preeeiited. 

Mr. Morse, of the Hartford Business College, expressed 
the opinion that intercommunication practiced with a 
few good schools produces better results than anything 
else he has ever tried. 

Mr. King urged that the commercial teacher should 
not be a narrow specialist, but should broaden his 
knowledge. He did not agree with Pope, that " a little 
learning is a dangerous thing." Even a little knowl- 
edge of other things outside of our special calling is 
helpful ; but one should, of course, be proficient in the 
line he pursues. He emphasized the thought that the 
mere possession of knowledge, however, does not give 
one the ability to use it euccessfuUy in teaching, any 
more than the mere possession of money enables one to 
employ it successfully in business. In both cases, train- 
ing and experience are necessary to success. 

Mr. Snow does not approve of " puzzle " arithmetical 
problems for the sole purpose of mental diecipline 
Neither does he deem it for the good of the learner to 
have printed in the back part of arithmetics the an- 
swers to problems presented in the text. 

Mr. Sadler's experience caused him to recommend 
high-class papers and journals as the best medium for 
advertising. Aleo, ■' work your paying territory," he 

said. Early in his career he had advertised indiscriml. 
nately— all over the United States. Experience, how- 
ever, had led him to curtail his advertising to that 
territory from which he drew the most pupils, and 
results have justified his change in tactics. Inform 
yourself as to what is yonr paying territory, and " do 
your hunting where the game abounds." 

Among the incidents of the two days' gathering were 
the presentation of a cane to President W. J. Amos by 
the members of the Association, a social Friday even 
ing in the rooms of the Childs Business College, and a 
visit, by invitation, to the factory of the Densmore 
Typewriter Company, where the teachers were initl* 
ated into the mysteries of the machine's construction, 
and also treated to a sumptuous luncheon. The fact 
that a course of bouillon and wafers was served prelimi- 
nary to making the round of the factory led some of the 
hungry ones to imagine this to be the extent of the re- 
freshments and to seek a more substantial repast else- 
where. They therefore missed the generous collation 
enjoyed by those who followed the guide back to the 
" banquet hall." 

The meeting of the Association was thoroughly enjoy- 
able in every feature, and the members separated with 
the determination of making a rousing success of the 
next one, which will be held in New York, at the rooms 
of the Packard Business College, some time In November 
— the exact date to be announced by the Executive 


account of money expended by them on behalf of the 
Asaociation. aod for which they retused to render bills. 

Dgton, blindfolded, wrote on the typewriter 

J Mr. W 

— Apropos of bnd spelling, Mr. Heaney told a humorous 
anectioteof a young man who, in addressing his sweetheart 
as " Bonny Anuif." omitted an " n " from the first word, and 
la still gues'siiig why he does not receive a reply. 

— There were invitations galore from cities who desired to 
have the nest meeting. New York carried the day against 
the field. As all of the New England States, as well as New 
York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania. Delaware and Maryland 
(and the youthern States also), are in the territory covered 
by this Association, it is hoped that several hundred will be 
in attendance at the next meeting in November, IhSH, 

- Springfield is a delightful city, and Brother Childs fur- 

be present a 

— D. Fullmer. J. B. Mack and W. E. Drake (on the pro- 
gramme) were absent. 

— Before closing this report, I wish to refer to a type of 
the genus homo found at all associations— one who, as mum 
as an ovster all through the proceedings, at the close consti- 
tutes himself a critic of those who took active part and made 
the gathering noteworthy. He has nothing to say about the 
speakers' ideas— of those he is incompetent to judge : but thti 
elocution was bad, the pronunciation contrary to all usage, 
King's English murdered, grammatical rules outraged, etc 
I trust none of the workers will ever allow the f rothings of 
this individual to abate his ardor. Give your fellows the 
benefit of your ideas and experience— preferably in gram- 
matical form and the choicest diction— but do not withhold 
them for fear of violating some grammatical or oratorical 
canon. If this paragraph should meet the gaze of one of 
these Pharisaical critics. I refer him to Mooie'a " Lalla 
Rookh," that he may see his reflection in Fadladeen. 

Jilembers J'resettt, 

W. J. Amos, Merrill Coll., Stamford, Coun. 

H, H. Armstrong, New London, Conn.. B. O. 

Miss Elizabeth Atwood, High School, Westfleld. Mass. 

E. C A. Becker, Becker's B. C, Worcester, Mass 

A. H. Barbour, Barbour's B. C, St. Johnsburv, Vt. 

Mrs. A. a. Barbour, Barbour's B C, St. Johnsbury. Vt. 

Joseph D Bates. Bay Path Inst., Springfield. Mass, 


C. H. Childs, ChilrtB' B. U . Holvoke, Mass. 
(J. w. D. ColHn. Burdett Coll., feostou. Masa. 
E. A. Cooper. Bay Path Inst-. Sprinir&eld. Mass. 
E. E. ChUd>. Cbilds' B. C . SprinKfield, Mass. 
Mrs. E. E CViilds. Childs' B C. Springfleld, Mass. 
W. K. Cook, Hartford, Conn., B C. 
John P. Day, Worcester, 

E. H. Pi.iher, Furdett Collece. Bo 

M. C. Fisher, Burdett College, Boslon. Mass. 

Mi.J3 Marv L. Farlev, Becker's B. C, Worcester, Mass. 

B. .T Oriliin. Childs' B. C. sprinefield. Mass 

Mis. B. J. Qiilfin. Childs' B. C. Springfield. Mass. 

.1. L. Hayward, Northampton. Mass.. C. C. 

T. J. Hilman, Childs" B. C. Springfield. Mass. 

J. L). Houston, Com'l Dent. High School. New Haven, Conn. 

A. S. Heaney. Packard Coll.. New York City. 

Miss Kathrvn Hurley. Hinman'.s B. C. Springfield. Mass 

Miss Lucille Johnson, Childs' B. C, Worcester, Mas.s. 

W. "V. James. Bay Path Inst.. Springfield, Mass. 

A. R. Eip. Hartford, Conn , B. C. 

Wm. J, Kinsley. New York city. 

J. E. King. Williams & Rogers. Rochester, N. Y. 

G. P. L."rd. Salem. Mass.. Com'l School. 

Mrs. U I' Lord, Salem, Mass., Com'l School. 

E. H. Moise, Hartford, Conn., B. C. 

J, P. Mooar. B ,fe S. Com 1 School, Boston, Mass. 

Charles M. Miller. Packard's Coll., Now York City. 

R. J. Macdougall. Hinman's B. C. Springfield, Mass. ' 

C L. Mahoney. Worcester, Ma 

L. J. Parsons, Hartford, Conn- 
Frank Rutherford, Rutherford .School of Bus . New York. 
Miss E. F. Rich. Bliss B C, Meriden, Conn. 
Frank Ruscoe, Ruscoe Bus School. New York City. 
W, H. Sadler, .Sadler's B. & S. B. C. Baltimore, Md. 
T. C. Strickland, E. Oreenwich, R. I.. B. C. 
E. D. Snow, Super. Writing, Rutland. Vt. 
W. A. Sloan, Becker's Coll., Worcester, Mass. 
A. Tjarnell. Y. M. c. A. Classes, Holyoke. Mass. 
Miss Emma A. Tibbetta. Tibbelts' School. Boston, Mass, 
Miss Mary E. Telford, Telford C. C, Springfield, Mass. 
T. T. Wilson, Brockton, Mass., B. U. 
C. E. Williams. Attleboro, Mass., B. U. 
W. B. Wilson, Childs' B. C, Worcester, Maaa. 


(AccompAnying article on Father Spenci 

"Father Spencer." 


This sketch of Father Speu 


aid tim 


ill the February 
,rticles will give 
r pupils of Father 

No. 4. 


A.THER SPENCERS remains are 
buried in the Geneva Cemetery, 
Ashtabula County, Ohio. The fam- 
ily monument is of unhewn Ver- 
mont granite, as shown in the ac- 
companying cuts. Upon one face 
appears his graceful signature, be- 
neath which rests a pen, as if 

dropped from his hand. On the reverse is an open 

book with the record. 

Mother Spencer's grave is marked «ith the inacrip- 
tion : " Persis Warren Duty, wife of Piatt R. Spencer, 
180(.MS(i:i, Her faith and love saved her gifted and noble 
hui-band f'oma drunkard's fate. For her own virtues 
and his ueefulneps her memory is sacredly cherished." 

Thv St>,ncvr fnnt of Arms. 

The accompanying cut is from a time stained and 
crumbling Coat of Arms, still extant in Rhode Island, 
which tradition says belonged to the first John Spencer 
of that colony, from whom Father Spencer is descend- 
ant. By what right if any these arms were borne by 
John Spencer {if indeed he claimed them) is not known. 
The crest is of the noble Spencers of England, and the 
t-hield is of the Catlines, one of whom was Lord Chief 
J ustice of England. The arms show a union of Spencers 
with Catlines, and that thev were probably borne by a 
younger member of the family. 

The lineage of the John Spencer of Rhode Island 
Colony above mentioned has not been sufficiently 
traced to determine his origin, which is in doubt. That 
he was a man of more than ordinary ability and enter- 
prise, and of refined tastes and temperament, is proven 
by what is known of him at East Greenwich, Rhode 
Island, and Newbury, Massachusetts, and of his English 

{To he continued.) 

The <S^ K*^ rmePoF 


A Few Thoughts on Father Spencer. 

To THE Editor of The Penman's Art Journal ; 

Sir : I know it is presumptuous for anybody to inter- 
j^-ct a word into the delightful narrative that is now 
being serially published in your columns concerning 
"Father" Spencer. It could not be better done, nor 
more appropriately, and we are all 
thankful as well as fortunate that 
the thought came to our dear friend 
to thus preserve the records of his 
i,-^ m!^m father, first in the heart of his own 

WL'lS^r-y} co-workerp, and next in the printed 
^A^^V ^-'z' form which indicates permanence. 
^H^^V^;} It is one of the most grateful re- 

'I^B^^^HJi membrances of my life that I knew 
| MK M^ B Piatt R. Spencer in the full culmina 
s 8 PACKARD ^^ou of his professJonal powers. 1 
met him first in Buffalo in 18."»4, 
ae was then 54 years old, but as young as anybody 


need to be— in fact, 1 would t-ay in the very prime 
of life. 1 had known of him. of course, for years, had 
seen his writing and knew well some of his enthusiastic 
disciples— among them, one of the best, James W. Lusk. 
As f had been a teacher of writing, of my own sort, 
since 1S43, and as this new "master" had become 
known to me through his works, I was more than de- 
lighted to meet him. He was teaching in the Bryant & 
Stratton school, just then started in Buffalo, and my 
first view of him was at the blackboard. I then learned, 
what I had not known before, how writing should be 
taught. My after acquaintance with him through all 
the years up to his death in lS(i4 was of the most de- 
lightful and helpful kind. He was the most genial of 
men— as far removed as possible from our then concep- 
tions of a " writing master." (As I belonged to that 
class myself I do not fear that this phrase will be mis- 
understood.) The fact Is, he was not, in the ordinary 
sense, a '* pen artist," but a ft-acher. He never wrote 
copies to dazzle his pupils, saying " Do that, if you 
can." He always told them how to do it, and was sure 
they could, and would. He never discouraged his pupils 
by telling them to " rub it all out and do it over," but 
invariably discovered some point of excellence, and 
adroitly utilized that point in worliing up to the perfect 
achievement. But the charm to me of this acquaint- 
anceship was more on personal lines. I Liked the man 
himself quite as much as I liked his work— which is say- 
ing enough. He was companionable to an extent that 
few among all the men I ever knew, were. He had no 
animosities to overcome. He was never suspicious— 
never doubted men, nor underrated them. Competi- 
tors, he had none ; co-workers, many. Everybody who 
was striving for excellence along any line was a co- 
worker, and he could see beauty in any effort, however 
crude. What he delighted to observe and to commend 
was honest work. He had one natural weakness— a 
weakness from wiiich many of us "ink slingers " have 
suffered— he did not wish to be known only as a writing 
master, not that he was ashamed of his profession or of 
those who were engaged in It, but that he had other In- 
clinings and aspirations that were dear to him. He was 
a great reader, and something of a poet. He was par- 
ticularly fond of poetry, and an ardent admirer of 
" Robbie Burns," whom he delighted to quote. He was 
an unaffected lover of nature, and particularly of human 
nature. An enemy of sham, of whatever complexion, 
he was very fond of " touching bottom " in the individ- 
uality of his friends. He liked to "come in and sup 
with them," and shut the door on form and affectation. 

I have known many men, and loved not a few ; but 
among them all no face stands up before my vision with 
a brighter radiance ; the remembrance of no voice falls 
upon my ear after a silence of more than thirty years 
with a more loving tone than the face and the voice of 
my revered triend, Piatt R. Spencer. 

S. S Packard. 

New York, April h',, is'JS. 

April Meeting of New York Commercial 
Teachers' Association. 

At the April meetine of the New York Commercial Teach- 
ers' Aesociatiou, beld at Packard's Bus. Coll. on April 2, fifty 
voted m and many names proposed for 

forward by leaps 

membersbip. The As 

and bounds. The Asf^ociation wishes it distinctly unde'r- 
stood that it is " New York " only in place of meeting and 
that teachers in any part of the country are e.iRible for 
membership. At the April meetinK members wei-e voted 
in trom seven or eight States. 

A very interesting excursion and programme is being 
planned f()r on the occasion of the visit to the Commercial 
Museums of Philadelphia. A special car and reduced rail- 
road fare will be provided. The Philadelphia teachers. Dr. 
Wilson, Director of the Museuma. and citizens are preparing 
a royal welcome for the Association. Members deslrmK to 
make the trip should communicate at once with one ot the 
foliowine committee: W. J. Solly. Chairman. Pierce School. 
Philadelphia ; A. J. Rider. Trenton, N. J. : Chas. M. Miller, 

uld like 

t date will be i 

I May. 

:he Stfi 

the Ap 
He promised to be present at the May meet- 

A discussion of " fake " schools in p 
supervision in general fillea out the 
absorbing interest. 

(Accompanying article on Father Spencer.) 

The monument is overgrown and draped with a beau- 
tifal variety of ivy, whose deep green, denpe and glossy 
foliage reflects the summer sunlight. 

The markers of Father and Mother Spencer's graves 
harmonize with the monument. 

The tablet of one is inscribed : " Piatt Rogers Spen- 
cer, 1800-18(14, poet-penman, educator, author of Spen- 
cerian penmanship, reformer, benefactor." On the 
reverse is the inscription : " Erected by his grateful 
pupil, Mahlon J. Woodruft, New York City. By per- 

(Accompanying article on Father Spencer.) 


Public School Articles Wanted. 

SHORT, soappy, meaty, pointed articles on public 
school writiDg, drawing, etc., are wanted for this 
department. Articles aimed at the grade teacher 
rather than the enpervifor will do the most good. Tell 
na what you have done, and how yon did it— and the 
resnlt, whether or not the result has been what you ex- 
pected. We care more for numerous short contributions 
than for a few long onep. A few paragraphs (or even a 
single paragraph) can often be made to tell a 1 ale. Simmer 
your Jdna'i until they boil up— then boil them down. 
Then give Journal readers the benefit of them. 


Kokfimo Meetina:. 
The Northern lodiana Teachers' Aseociation met at 
Knkomo, Ind., March 31-April 2 with an enrollment of 
UJIMJ, which places it next to the National Association in 
poiot of numbers. The programme of the penmanship 
saction was carried out to the letter, and was interest- 
ing from start to finish. The attendance in this section 
WHS 2IH.I, which was an excellent showing considering 
the number of sections running at the same time. Slant 
f.v. Vertical produced a lively and interesting diecus- 
sion. The slanters, in the opinion of our informant, 
evidently carried the day. Sentiment seemed to pre- 
vail that writing must have some slant. The exhibit 
was excellent. South Bend, Richmond, Tipton, La 
Porte, Moncie, Crawfordsville, Lafayette displayed 
writing work. A grand programme is being prepared 
for the meeting next year, which will be held at Fort 
Wayne. A committee was selected from both the Writ- 
ing and Drawing Sections to have entire charge of 
arranging and selecting work for both exhibits. Those 
taking part were J. L. Glascock, W. S. Hiser, O. W. 
Nottingham, W. H. Atha, Miss Cora A. Ney, Miss Cora 
M. Starr. Officers elected for the ensuing year for this 
section were W. S. Hiser. Richmond, Ind., Pre9.: Miss 
CjraM. Starr, Crawford-^ville, Vice-Pres.; J. H. Rhoads, 
Muncie, Sec'y. To J. H. Bac^tenkircher belongs the 
honor of organizing this section. 

The Drawing Section of this same association carried 
out a line programme at the eame time and same place. 
The meeting was a grand success in every particular. 
Very creditable exhibits in drawing were made by 
schools of Indianapolis, South Bend, Crawfordsville, 
Muncie and Tipton. Arrangements were completed for 
the largest exhibit that has «ver been made in the State 
to be made in '90 at the meeting at Fort Wayne. Those 
taking part in the programme were Geo. F. Bass, Miss 
Alice E. Hill. Miss Lena L. Ingraham, Miss Edith Wii- 
liams, Miss Cbarlotte E Mendum and Miss Phu'be C. 
Thompson. Officers elected for the ensuing yearweie 
Charlotte E Mendum, Director of Drawing in Public 
Schools of Richmond, Pres , and O. M. Nottingham. 
Director of Drawing and Writing, Public Schoolp, Tip- 
ton, Sec'y. ___^_^_ 

Calisthentc Writing; Drill. 


Group 1. 

1. First movement : Raise right arm forward to obtuse 
angle, formed toward the body, and lightly circle hori 
zontal toward chest in 8 motions. Ready, begin,"!, 2. 3, 
4, 5, 6, 7, 8. 

2. Ex. 1, begin left arm. 
^. Ex. 1, begin both armp. 

Group 2 

1. Begin Ex. 1, of Group 1, circling outward away 
from body. 

2. Ex. 1, begin left arm. 

3. Ex. 1, becfin both arms, 

Group 3. 

1. Begin Ex. 1, of Group 1, but forming only a half 
circle in continued motion away from body. 

2. Ex. 1, begin left arm. 

3. Ex. 1, begin both arms. 

2. Ex. 1, begin left arm, 

3 Ex. 1, begin both arms. 

Group 5. G. 

1 Ex. 1, of Group 3, but throwing motion with last 
fctroke toward the body. 

2 Ex. 1, begin left arm. 

3. Ex. 1, begin both arms. 

Group 6. L. S. 

1. Execute Figure 8 movement, beginning toward the 

2. Ex. I, begin left arm. 

3. Ex. 1, begin both arms. 

General Exercises. 

Group 7. 

Both arms forward in position. ' j 

1. Hand (wrist) circle, right outward. 

2. Left. 

3. Both. 

4 Hand circle, right inward. 
.5 Ex. 1. left arm. 

6 Ex. 4. both arms. 

Group 8. 
1. With both arms execute a horizontal figure qo 
toward the right. 
2 Ex 1, toward the left, 
y Eich arm execute figure <» outward simultaneously. 

4. Ex. 3, inward. 

Note.— Hands (arms) over above each other, right 
arm above left. 

5. Bend wrists downward and upward. 

6. Shake hands. 

7. Clench and straighten hands. 

8. Move hands outward and inward. 

9. Twist arms outward and inward. 

10. Move both shoulders forward and backward, while 
hands are in position on hips. 

All teachers who have been under a special teacher 
of physical culture will understand and appreciate the 
drills here given. 

Hints on Drawing;. 

No. 'i. 

CCASIONAL leESons in drawing from 
dictation will do much good in 
familiarizing children with the 
terms used in drawing and in giv- 
ing them the necessary drill in 
measuring distances by the eye. 
The strongest point, however, in 
its favor is in the fact that it 
requires attention on the part of the pupils and compels 
them to think and listen to the progressive steps in 
drawing the figure dictated. The teacher must know 
before beginning the lesson exactly what she is going to 
say, must give her directions plainly and deliberately, 
and, as a rule, give each order but once. In lower 
grades but one line should be dictated at a time, but in 
the more advanced grades a plane figure such as a 
square, oblong or circle may be dictated by one order as 
suggested below. 

Draw a vertical oblong two by four inches. Inside 
this oblong one-fourth inch from each comer place a 
light dot. Connect these dots with horizontal and verti- 
cal lines How many now have two oblongs one inside 

the other? Bisect with a dot the left vertical line of 
the inside oblong. (Some careless children will bisect 
the line of the outside oblong simply because they don*t 
stop to think about which is the inside.) Bisect the 
right vertical line of the inside oblong. Connect theee 
two points by a horizontal line. Bisect the line just 
drawn. Bisect the upper end of the inside oblong. 

Connect these two points with a vertical line. How 
many oblongs have we now P (Ans. 6.) Bisect the line 
drawn last. Through this point draw a horizontal line, 
one end touching the left vertical line and the other 
end touching the right vertical line of the inside oblong. 

What have we drawn ? (Fig. 1. Teacher goes to 
board and draws up to point last dictated.) We will 
now improve the appearance of our window by making 
doable lines showing the thickness of the sash and by 
making some of our lines stronger than others to sug- 

gest a shadow, but before doing this let each one Feei 
that his window is standing straight up and down, and 
that the corners are square. 

See if it has the same width at top and bottom. I am 
sure that this drawing does not show us a cold day, for 
the lower sash has been raised to let in some fresh air. ■ 
We will place in our window a pot of flowers, Thia 
makes our picture look cheerful, and tells us that pome 
persons live in the house to which our window belongs. 
I hope your windows are all nice and clean. 

Fig. 3 is a common form of bam door, the proportions 
of which are the same as the window. It can be dic- 
tated to the class in a similar manner. In Fig. 1 we are 
supposed to be outside locking in, while in Fig. 3 we are 
inside the barn looking out. 

{To be continued.) 

Crowded Out. 

" Who First Taught Movement ? " The Open Conrt, 
" Teachers and Methods," and many interesting articles 
have been crowded out this month. We have some flee 
contributions in type, that will appear in early numbers 
of The Journal 

The past of a man's life never dies ; it only sleeps. 

No man auffera so much from rascality as the rascal. 

Too much sensibility creates nnhapplness ; too much id 
sensibility creates crime. 

For the burdens which God lays on ua there will i 
grace enough. The burdens which we make fur 



. -:^^<^.v.v.«ii^^ OOxi-*-. 

Begin Ex. 1, of Group 3, in two moving half circles, 
and, with the lEist stroke, execute a slight throwing mo- 
tion straight away from chest (axis) " Over, over up." 

(Cut printed on page on page XVI in April Journal in connection with Mr. Backus' article, and for whi( 
credit was given, was by J. W. Baer, New Vork.l 

t and fiiiuriahiid noiradaj/s^ but it couldn't res 
<B AmmicAi. Who is Ready to Dbfbvd His State- 

Sketching from Nature. 





VERY ONE, almost, can learn to draw 
from nature more or less faithfully 
in a conventional or mechanical man- 
ner. The general laws of propor- 
tion, shape, perspective, light and 
shade, reflection, contrast, etc., are 
teachable and .therefore possible of 
acquirement on the part of all just 
the same as any other department of art and science. But 
these are not all the forces that go to make up succefls- 
ful pictures— pictures that speak— pictures that move 
people the same as poetry moves them. These kinds 
of pictures require an artistic temperament; they re- 
quire soul as well as intellect. If, upon beholding 
nature you see nothing of special beauty, nothing to 
enthuse and please you, it is not likely that you will 
ever make a success of art. 

But even if you do not experience any great pleasure 
in studying the lights, and shades, and colors of nature, 
you need not fail to attempt drawing from nature. For 
nothing will increase your appreciation of and power to 
behold the beauty in nature more than the attempt to 
represent her with pencil, pen or brush. 

Always select the simplest, most interesting point of 
view. This means that you must be neither too high 
nor too low, too far to the right nor too far to the left of 
the center of the scene desired. " Let some one thing be 
most conspicuous, and to which all other forces seem to 
tend or to subordinate themselves. Throw your whole 
soul and attention into the work and forget your sur- 
ronndiogp. and success, either in picture or appreciation 
of nature, or both, will crown your efforts. 



brash ehades are lost. This is true of the designs In th« 
April nomber and in this issue. 

I have thought it well to reproduce some lettering ' 
sent me lor criticism and give all readers the benefit of \ 
my discassion. 

(To be continued.) 



fATERIALS used: Pens. Marking Nos. and 1 
Red, Green, Pui pie and Black. 
Diamond Dust, finely powdered, in which hasbeei 
mixed 'four or five colors of metallics, say Light GreenJ 
Gold, Silver, Rose and Fire. 

Begin your practice work by ueiog only one color ink. 
Enlarge about three times size of copy, or in first card 
make " W* two and one-half spaces high; '^ Each," 
two spaces high; "J" and^j?/," two spaces high and 
'*/or," one space high. They will give you a key to the 
rest. Do not get too large or too small. 

Use only one color ink until you master forms. The 
following is the way we would work up the different 
cards : 

No. 1. ^' 10c." in Bed, ^^ Each" and ^'for" in Green, 
" S " and " S.jc." in Purple. 

No. 2. '* Stop " and " 50c." in Green ; " That Cough," 
in Red and " Per Bottle " in Purple. 

No. S. '* Solid Gold" and " Warranted" in Purple, 
" X," *iid " Fine works " in Green, and figures in Red. 

Over your lettering before it dries keep tprinkliog 
the Diamond Dust. This gives a good efi'ect. 

Many have asked what will we charge for recipe for 
tinting backgrounds. Use pulverized pastel crayons, 
applied with cotton. A little practice is essential to 
nicely blended colors. 


The best work on third lesson comes from C. W. Kiihii, a 

pupil of W. F. Geisseman, Des Moines. Iowh. Mr. Kubn i.s 

entitled to one dozen bottles of ink. Hi.s work is very ^ruod. 

did not send in work on this lesson. It was a little 

jived fine work from J. M. Rensor, Dover, 

. D. Valentine, Jr., Bellefonte. Pa., and Tbos. Jeffrey. 

(This is the finished design. See the pencil sketch below. ) 

\«. .-i. 

Laying Off the Design. 

I3ENCIL out your design as indicated in the engrav- 
ing. Just how much detail is necessary in the 
penciling is hard to say, :is it depends upon the 
nature of the design and how one can work best. Home 
kinds of lettering, etc., require more detail in the pen- 
ciling thau others. But one thing is always to be con- 
sidered and that is to have the arrangement good. It is 
excellent practice to make several pencil sketches and 
select the beet one— or make another sketch— an eclectic 
one containing the good points of the first designs. The 
made or marred by the pencil i^ketcb. henre 


In this spet'imen of leitering the spacing is good nud the 
letters fairly well shaped, but they are uot clear cut and lack 
smootlmesa. These faults can be overcome by practice. 

much study and practice should [be given to this impor- 
tant part of the work. 

After the design is penciled out work up the lettering 
with water proof India ink, so it can be washed over 
with a brush. The brush work follows next, working up 
the Fcroll and the leaves, etc. In handling a brush the 

Lettering not 
graceful They 

right He needs practice on free bold strokes made o&-hand 
which embellish Old English so much. 

aim should be to cultivate freedom and to get effects 
with the least work — a thing much more easily eaid 
than done. 

The designs explain themselves better than 
words can. I wish to say for the benefit of those un- 
familiar with half-tone eDgravlng that delicate brush 

flourishing i 

idace would produce a much better effect, 

the lettering is quite good. 

shading is difficult (and in some cases impossible) of 
reproduction. Only the sharpest contrasts show in the 
engraved finished design, _and the softened, merging 


the preliminary pencil sketch—" lay-off."— See An 
design above.) 



^3 /or 25^ 



=OoJid KoLd = - 

plished by practice. On the first and secoud lessons Mr. Val- 
entine leads them all. His work on these two lessons is well- 
nigh perfect and thorou-^hly mastered. 

It is uur aim to give enough to beep you busy a mouth on 
each lesson. Try and originate. 

Adapt the wordings given to original ones of your own. 
We will take pleasure in answering any and all questions 
pertaining \o these lessons or '" Auto " work. 

Will some one in Levis College, Canada, write us, giving 
full address. We have had several letters returned by P. O. 
authorities marked " No Such Place." 


a, HI,, for whose course 
w running iu The Jour- 
lendatory letters, gives 

shading pens, inks, papers, suppi 


I Chimmy, wot a luouf fer jcllin' A. i; K. 

souvenirs."— i\r. r. Times. 

distinct from ordinary Hues of 

an intimate kuowledife on the 

uufacturer of what to provide. The Smith & 

Mfg. Company, Huiyoke, Mass , has made a special 

start the Budget Systeu 

study of school requ 

goods in practice paper, drawiog paper, 

spelling blanks, composition books, bookkeeping blank: 

s;;hool tablets, writing: blocks, etc.. that 

brought oat a Ime of iog reinforcements 

. and that they 
_ __ , _._. .helmed with orders. They are constantly 
adding new features to this system, and their Voucher 
Method and American Natioaal Banking are two very tak- 


The line of Presidential Tablets, giving a fine halftone por- 
trrtit of different presidents and pictures of important places 
and events in their lives, together with cirefullv prepared 
historical sketch of their lives and administrations, is partic- 
ularly fine A sample li^e of their pap-rs can be had upon 
application by any responsible person interested in educa- 
tional work. 

— The proper lubricant of gas engine cylindeis has been a 
very difficult problem The problem, however, seems to 
have been very successfully solved bv au official of the Penn- 
Railroad Company A man operating ; 

the eng: 

ever before. This graphite 

bicycle chains, etc, and is 

Crucible Company, Jersey City, N. J., 

Mston put in. Some of D; 
i- used and in two weeks 
ther and using less gas tb: 

Another General in the Old Quard. 

Dear Journal : 

After reading Mr. Lawson's report of his age a8 a enb- 

Bcriber to The PExaiAN's Art Journal, i felt I would 

add mine, and I am very glad to say that 

j — S^^n 1 too have been a subscriber during the 

^^Bk entire period of its existence. How dis- 

*^^^H tinctly I remember the first copy, or rather 

4^^^ the prospectus with its red ink line border, 

Jp^^^ and what delight 1 had at seeing my name 

^^JUtKk appear iu the second copy 1 1 have always 

highly prized The Journal and hold at 

the present time most of its numbers carefully pre- 

i book form. 

Soi^s, 33 Union square, New York City, inform us that the 
following schools have recently adonted their system : Eras- 
mus Hall High School. Brooklyn : Kansas City, Mo.. Manual 


■iters and teachers c 

priting. They make a large 
d should be able to suit any 
1 a variety of samples if you 

— The Ellsworth Company. 12" Duane street. New York 
City, publit-hers of a book vn penmanship containing illus- 
trated lessons and lectures, a r^sam6 and summary of the life 
work of H. W. Ellsworth, are finding a big sale for the book. 
This work contains a great variety of pen work and penman- 
ship lessons with appropriate test, and hits every grade 

for delicate pen drawiog. lithographic work,' etc These i 
too expensive to send as free samples, but penmen for a few 
cents can teat them. If they are not kept by your stationer. 

-Toe Journal had a plcasHnt call latelv Jrom W. H. 
Sadler of the Sadler-Rowe Company, Baltimore, publishers 
of the Budget System. Mr. Sadler reports that from the 

Death of Aubrey Beardsley. 

Aubrey Beardsley, one of the most noted English artists 
ot modern times, died in Mentone, Prance, on March 10. aged 
only twenty-four years. In the short period of five years, 
through the Yellotv Book and by means of his grotesgue fig- 
ures and bizarre posters— he was a poster artist of the first 
clas.s— considered oy many the leader— he became known 
throughout the world. 

Only a Letter. 

fference one small letter i 

I think of I. 

Bat these all vanish quick away, 

A^ does the morning dew. 
If f but occupy my mind 

With thoughts of Y. O. U.-Brooklt/n Life. 

Public Education. 

f* nv THR Snw— .s'lj- ■ Will you inform m( 
aught in the public 

schools u 

From whose fertile brain has the Man 
been evolved t Do the powers that 1 
moment that drawing 

in the ordinary walks of life 1* 

nation of Gibsons and Du Mai 

This new course of study 

every one is asking, Who is tc 

Or do they wish t 

stake that 


—N. y. Sun. 





"Remember the Maine" is the slogan of this war. Tlie signal Hags {in colors) 
represented by the little copyrighted cuts on this page when hoisted at a ship's yard arm 
read in the nautical code common to all maritime countries, "Remember the Maine." 
They were hoisted on Dewey's ships when he started in to blow the Sj)anish Asiatic 
Fleet out of the water. Cuts are copyrighted by Ames & Rolliuson Co. All rights reserved. 

nil varil to 'iixiS i 

rr oflhia ixsiir ol The Joiirnnl. 
thin kinti nf paper nufl rilsked fin 
Tc more tlinn n hint of the tielicii 
r primed niul Home Utliogrnphed. 

lor rnnKiOK in Hizefroiii 


represented hy the froiil 

iue else 

lilnte printed nlthonl 

wilU n e 

eed on n cylinder preNN 

nnd cnvn 

iunlnitannished form. 

nre vrin 

is flooded ' 
e this pict 
• of the Ml 

of bont<ii, portrnits, etc., lliere in i 

•nlly noth- 

rotipH nil of our iiroinineut lentlei 

H, lotcetlier 

ion ol Ciibnn iDflepeuilcnce, »pi 

iied urtbI 

'Remciiiber the Rln 

' nnd beniity of the 
■ colors. 

This is the greatest seller that has appeared on the streets of New York. All the stationers have Ihem ard tbey are being sold on all the trains, news stands, 






and in public places g:enerally. 

From a line comprlsj.ig a large number of specialties we have 5elected a few 
which have proven the BIQQEST WINNERS. They are as follows : 

No. 'i.-HanriBomely lithographed In colore on fltif lirtstol lionrd ?2 x 2P. Trk-e '-i.ic. each ; $2 a dozen; ?15 
a. hundred. If mailed In a tube add 5c. for one copy and 8c. tor each additional copy mailed In the same 
package. Thispivturc is worth $1. brtt can he sold at o havdfome prof.t as loi<'as25c. 

N0..5.— This l8 the same deaiRn printed from fin'^ hand-etched half-tone plates on enameled card-board of 
I be flnescqoitllty. Size 14x17. Price 10c. each; T.ic. a dozen; $f> a hundred. The picture gives Bplendld value 
for 25o., but may b«t sold as low as 10c. 

ir.T do not pi-rlend to fix the retail price, but it may afford our friends a hint to say that we handle these 
iioods on a verj/ small worpi'n and make more monf)/ than if tee should charge a higher price, on account of the 
rnormous incrva^c in sales. As in the larger 2>ietu re, the fiag.i, including a full set of signal Jlags as a remarque, 
are in cclor. rostage on one copy of No. 5 is 'ic, \c. each additional for extra copies in the same tube. 

No. Its.— ThlBls the same design without the "Remember the Maine " signal flags, but has a apeclalremarque 
of Its own— a little picture of the battleship Maine. It la printed In one color from a hand-etched balf-tone on 
the finest grade of heavy enameled paper. Size OJa x 12. A veritable little yem. Price 5c. each; 30c. a dozen; 
J2 2fi a hundred. Postage on one eoj.y 2c. Half a cent additional for each extra copy mailed In the same tube. 


By the time (hts advertisement Js read, judging from the sales for the first two days after putting the tag 

to the left (No. ;i7( on the market, 
manlla paper with blank space at th< 

In addition to the enormoun retill trade at one penny each, bright advertisers a 
their own special matter, (hie of our men sold Zn.iiOO of these tags in a little over 
from the press. One boy retailed a thmisand in one day. Price by eipressor freight 
50v. a hundred; 4rc. a hundred for SCO; 83!^c, a hundred for a thousand; 2Bc. a 

The design Is printed 

e using them to print 01 
30 mtmifes after they cam 
at purchaser's expense,! 
hundred for bOOO; 20c. 1 
tifully j.rinted i: 

hundred for 10.000. When mailed, add one cent a daz. for postage The signal Jtaga on 
their proper colors—red, blue and yellow. 


No. 47.— This beautiful badge printed on silk In three colors, and presentmB the signal flags." Rt member the 
Maine." In their natural colors, mailed postpaid for 1 Oc. : 6C0. a dozen. An American eagle pin for fastenlrg the 
badge will l>e liicliuied for ic. extra: lOe. a dozen. 

Nos. 37 and 47 are two of the hottest sellers of ibe campaign. A good agent should 
clear from $5 to $10 a day :inywbere. We want quick, bright people to handle our 
specialties in every part of the U. S. Be quick about it. 

Of course it is better to order all these goods in quantities so as to get the benefit 
of the quantity price. Goods go best by express. The prices quoted above are IVET 
CASH WITH ORDER and include packing on .iny order amounting to not less than 
$f,oo. On any smaller express order add 15c. for packing. All express or freight 
charges to be paid hy receiver, 


l.-No fr 

must accompany orde 

Other timed-to-the-houp novelties in preraration. For 50 cents we will 

send by express, at your expense, a line of samples woptli $2. Only 

one line to llie same person. Agents wanted evepywiiere. 

WARNING ! Everybndy is warned agBinst m.iking use ofnny cut or special 
«o„liagth,t appe.irs .n rouneclioi, will, ll,e A mes & Rolliu- 
sci 11 ar sonverirs. F.very cut used In His cnnne, tion is s- p.-imtely copyrlgbteil, 
frnm h plate 22 x iS Inel es (o .in lulvertising ptnte ot the same a little bltger tbiin a 
postage stamp. Every catch expression is also copyriehtert. A U rights are reserved 
and the derigns are not to l,e imitated for any pui, o.-e „l,at^«e\er under fullest pen- 
alty of the law. Address 

• War Department, Ames Sc Rollinson Co., 202 Broadway, New York. 

DIDN'T A^^=>^- • 




ed your autoeraphs all right, srd the chances are itst ih.y are er graved. We have run hundreds in the past three or four issues, and have enoueh matter now 
npletc issue of THE PENMANS ART JOURNAL. We expected returns, but didnt count on such a flood, and are doing the best we can. Please be patient with 
'ill appear. We have been too busy during the past rronih reading war extras lo do almcst anything else. 

Yours for Old Glory, Free Cuba. Free Porto Rico. Free Philippines and Freedcrr. everywhere. 


^ \.yenman!6Cl7liI>(XmujiaJ& 



"Peace Hath Her Victories, No Less Renowned Than War." 

For example. The JontNAL's "300 Pt-n Copies" has evoked more enthusiastic comment from more well-known peumen and teachers in fiv 
schemes put forth by all the other papers in Hve years. For oit^ of these enthusiastically approving teachers see Toe Jouknal for January, 
parade below. This Journal triumph is almost as big as Dewey's. 

REN MAN'S ?^!* 
'Art Journal 

"^CkS^ pur ttiot)m5 porl'ralt5 
vo\)0 have l)carl:tli| rcc(?tt)tt)ct)bcb 


► ) 

Key to Portraits. 

340 I O. Wilson, Apollo, Pi. ; 350 J. J. RreEe, Newlan. Oa, ; 351 J. C. Jacobs. Boik Island. 111., B. U.; S62 M. R. OOcgaard, f I. Aoefar, la., Sim.; 363 F. E. Beppert. Wfcblta. Ears.; 354 F. E. rood, Edniliton s B. 
C.Buftolo. N. Y.: 355 Hiss Sarah Frank. State Nor. Scb.. ^tarieDsbureh, IIo.: 360 Wlllard J. Wbeeler. Elimlnpbam. AIo.,B. C; 357 S. UcVelgb. Bills B.C., BIddeford, Me.; 308 B. SI. Owen. Browns B. C. Decalur. 
111.; 3D0 A. S. Fries. Berkshire B C , Plttsfleld. Mass.: 360 A. C. Gegeuhelmer.N. W. Coll., Napervllle, 111.; yiSl E. H. Robins, Wichita, Kats., C. C: 302 Geo. E. SpaldlDg. t-paldlng's C. C Etinins City, Mo.; 30d C. ai. 
Lesher. Com'l Dept., High School. Carbondale, Pn.; 304 R. E. aoladav. Wilmington. O. 

nswvi B SYTinrrffirrrrrifTrBTnrirTririririni TroT^TOTrrffTrrrrffTinroTiTrrirrriiroTTirr!^^ "Q 

^ There is no class of schools in the world, apart from business colleges and writing schools, where a deeper interest in penmanship is taken than the parochial and other at 

£ Catholic schools. The heads of these schools are usually interested, not only in writing but in engrossing and illuminating— a natural heritage from the monks of early ^ 

£ times, to whom we pen artists of to-day owe an incalculable debt. THE JOURNAL is read in a great number of schools of this clasp. J 

£ The price of joc. a year for the Regular Edition, or $i a year for the News Edition, covers as much practical, up-to-date instruction in writing, drawing, design- a 

v> ing, engrossing, illuminating, etc.. as can be obtained elsewhere in the world at a cost of from $5 to $10. To all who subscribe within 30 days at above 'prices we will „ 

P MAIL FREE a beautiful war souvenir picture in colors-PROVlDED you specifically mention this notice. The offer is also open to present subscribers who may have ^ 

Jo their subs, extended. ^ 


' Mo'f'.v" ) ""^^;''°^""'■"°° , "*"' >-o,„ ^- 


n "^ 

The above Binall <juta arc srrally rrdiired from diploma ilc»lsui> made by tlic Ames A: Hollliiiaoii Co. We 
nde^ Alone prinlrd (lllliosrapbrdi dl|iIoma al a moderate com n heUicr ouo or a (liouaand be f-equlrcd. 
>l, Klvc IIS particulars as to II 1 Kind ofscbool ; (2) Number required (approximately). 

ly kind ofscboai \i-llli n lil^li 

Don't wait uiilll liundrcds 

I a acratuble to set out tlicir orders In tin 

lit. Be WlKC To-Dny. 
AitlES & ROLliINSOIV «0., 202 Broadway, \6W York. 



Mant" mi. 

, N EXPRKICN'^ED t<>achei 

s, English and peomitrisbip 
MKni years- leacoing etptrlonpe. Fanil iar wltf 
Vllilanm ft Roseri) Sadler Kills and Practical svs 

■and $iximpii\Q i)it replie* readu fr/r mawtnfl and 
%tTiti7Hf the iu>m-iU-iHume, in a c^nier, then incloi- 
ing such fctiied reptie* in an envehtpe. add/renwd to 
The Penmau'g An Jtmrnaf. sot Broadway, Nent 

Situations Wlante&. 

EKH* HllCt-AU. PeiiiimuMliip. com- 
fiiercinl. niid Nliprllianil niid typenritinu 
brunrlii'iiouly. Ii brlDBiiU*nrliiTMnud Bcliooh 
louetbiT. A luruft acquuiutnDce ninoiiy 
ni-lioolN and icHilierH enablPH tb« mniinKe- 
inool lofK-lect ifoorileacberNrorBooflBfhfiols. 
^Smalt hi' U t bn rirt'd the K-arlicrt iiocbarue 
jMiiindcKMlic .rlioitl. ItcliHblf'.rlinulN'.pek- 

.|"nclV."'rVMr'',^i;in"'',.|"'r's. n\V» ll n'i';-.l'Vo'r"oi!r 
Mutw. v.. olh.r- .i.'.'.l ..itplv. \. 1. 1 r.-H PEN- 
MAN';^ \ ic r .I'M i{N \ (. ri Arm.its' no. 

REAI . '^DJ IIim.mUi.h. N, « \ o i li . 

wrltlBB and pt-umanshlp a e my ■ peclaUlea. Can 
aHHl8t In book keeping. Normal Sehool and college 
Iralnlntr. Two years' teaching experience. F-mlllar 
with Williams & Rogern djstem. Health good ; age 
x'i; uomarrled. Good references. AToderate palary. 
Readr now. Addreis "8. E. D.." care of Pknbias^s 

BhortbuDd and type* „o' -■-" .^-v... 

Ic, grammar. Bpelllug and other English 

1 rtriifiiiate bUHlness college and high school 

t«achtng experience. Good health 

dalary.' Ready 

Dement'3 Pltn 
J. Can also tei 

-•■ n an*! other Eagl,^,., 

hranclifs. Graduate business college and high school. 
Over five years' t«achtng experience. Good health 
ago 24; unmarried. Good referencep. Moderatt 

T JouimAL. 

Address *• I. D. E.,' 

TREACHER of Dement. Graham and Day short- 
hand, cypewrltlug, correspondmce and spelling 
la open for enstagement. Assist Id book-keeping, 
commercial law, rapid calculation, language, arlth- 
nietlo and public speaking. Common school, busl- 
°.j*' college and normal school education. Con- 
Bldorable teaching experience. Familiar with Sadler 
and other systems In common use la business col- 
leges. Health good: age i^lS; married. Good refer- 

U. R. 

Moderate salary. Heady now. 
' care of Penman'8 Abt Journal. 


r TEACH Demenfs Pit 

^ "i."iiii, Kiauiiiiar, spelling, history aud' othei 
LogUsh branches. Graduate high schcol and busi 
ness collfge Experience aa clerk and cashier It 
store. Good health; age Ui; unmarried. Qogd refer 

Moderate salary. Ready 

ues.s ]., 

; 'I'l; \ (11 i;r of book-keeping, buil- 

"■■''' "' Coiiiiiion, auademlo, legal 

" 'iiiiii. 1 'men yearb' leaching ex- 

iiiiliai witli Williams it Rogers, Mufsel- 
*JU8 other leading systems. Health 

T Journal. 

TEACHER of MuDson. Graham and DenientPhort- 
haau. actual business prac".... ,.«^P^L..,„„,i-^r,«,.™ .1 *"^":"""=""i'. t-jjemuK, rapm calculation, 
N^rn^f « i',*^'"^^''*?*P"'«- Branimar and typewrltmg. 
Normal college training, uver three years^ teacblug 
experience. Familiar wllh Wlhlams & Rogers and 
Saaier systems. Good health; age 27; uulnarrled 
" p" n'f ^r*"''"'. gair salary. R^ady now. Addr^s 


KAIirATE high school, business ajid penman- 

anin ciiurscs. Is open for engagemeut as teacher 

irthand and alt the buHluess branches. 

d e Isiiiie Pitman sh"i ihand. Fifteen 

-eferenots. Moderate : 

MIV^*^"^; ^"OKTHAND. typewriting, pen. 
mananip. physical culture and ftn»ii-h ^.I^Vh. 

ulture and English . 

salary. Prefer to b*'gln 

, U. H 

of Pi 

keeping, I 


HEN years' tcach'ngexpeileuce. Can leach book- 

lehs arithmetic, bus penmanahlp. 

"i -I ""'^ '^fH'-'h usually taught fa 

Williams ^ Rogers. 


i^ivse'"- "'■'■■-' 

ir systems. Good refer- 
unniarrled. Fair salary. 

i. F. I 


Oool S«rJ!,^.1;, M J''"'.'''' "Fe 13: uiimBrrled. 
AHHr« f.?o ^^^J . Moderate salary, Rpady now 
auurfss «■ A. u , 'cariuf PenmvlVs Art JuuRNAL. ' 

ITEJC'II eclectic shorthaud, rapid cak-ulatlon 
,n.^„°±'"'P'?P' "rllhmetlo. penmaDsblp or any ?f 
„5'°°"'°. "'°fe ..^■'t'"''"'?- . """.Wo a"il normal Bcliool 
ijyo yjea-s- teaching experl 

'■& '^"",?r" * Roscra'^anu „c.ara 
■i&. health good; unmarried. Good 

Ir salary. Heady July I. '9 

of PiWMiN's Anx JODItSiL. 

K. L. A , care of PiwiiiN's Am JodiisIl. 

X^wr?ilf *■" ?' '"'"'■'''■spins, arithmetic, business 
5«p«rleD.e. Familiar with all leading systeiil \A 

LHseiriF - -•" - 

Fafn?nf.t^i?.?*i>-'?"** »*•'»■■* teaching exi,erleuce 
Km svrtim«^''if"?S' Sailer's and** WllUams & 
MoKfe «T^v ^p^'^h"^ ^""^- .O'^o'l references. 
I F.''cur.of FksmvvI A« 5^P' •-"**■ Address " K. 

_lVr\,r '.' ' ' ' ' f" I ^ ^ are Benn Pitman. Pernfn 

maik" r ' '""'"^""^^■'ypewr'riog.arllb. 

uny ,11 , ' , -n.rclallaw. Caualso teach 

rhetori, , ■ '>'tJ'^'*''t». geometry, 

-nnd'tinli!. 'i ■", attending hlnh 

Health good; age : 


i_. colJ., with hlgb aud normal 
<. keeping, arlthmcttu. 

.Eclectic shorthand, bu'l 

Familiar with 

K Rogers and ElUa systems. Health Al; 
krrteil. Fair salary. Kea ly now. Address 
' care of Peiman's Art Jouh^aL. 

JEVEN V EARS' teaching experience. Seminary. 
1 _. . -_j .... jupgj college training, 
the branrhes usually 

. — — deparlmeut. Familiar 

wllh Ellis and Sadler systems. Good health; oge 2St; 
married. Good references. JUoderate salarr. Ready 
any time. Addieia 'O. N. T.," care of Penman's 

F TEACH book-keeping. Muuson shorthand, pen 

& Rogers and Elfls ayl 
married. G-'od refert 

:perlence. Farallis 

Health good; age 3 1 ; 
Fair salary. Ready 


Y SPECIALTIES are Graham. Munson and 
Benn Pitman shorthand and book-keeping, 
taught arithmetic, grammar, rhetoric, spelling, 
physiology, government and vertical writing. Grad- 
uated from a nigh school, business college, school of 
stenography and Wesleyan University. Considerable 
teaching experience. Familiar with Williams & 
Rogers. Etlis and Sadler systems. Health goad; age 
30 ; unmarried. GooJ references. Fair salary. Ad- 
drees " C. E. A.." care of Penman's Art Journal. 

1 TEACHER of pen art. Latin, geometry, algebra 
. and the commercial 'branches Is open for en- 

gagement. Commercial and 

.1 school training 

ims«: Kogfra, Brjf 

rand Packard ays 

Good references, MoiFer 

Health good; age 20 
Ready Sept.. 'yar~Addre8s""E.' K. E.," care of" Pen 



ilin and ordinary h 

ichool branches. Graduate 

with Williams & Rogers, Ellis 

loderaie salary. Ready no 

teaching experleuct 

. — ,.. .eferences. r 

salary. Read» July, '93. Address "N. C. 

Good references. Moderate 


EACHER of Eclectic shorthand, commercial 
brandies and penman-hlp Is open for engage- 
it. Business eolhge and university training. Six 
r«' tehchlng eaperlence. Familiar with Mussel- 
u 3 system. Health good; age 32 ; unmarried. 

tood references^ Moderate salary. Ready any time. 

Address "M. M. U..*' care of Penman's Art Journal. 

I TEACH hook-keeping, penmanship. German, 
arithmetic, grammar. U. S. history and drawing. 
Common, high and normal school and college educa- 
tion. Familiar with Sadler.Packard and WilUams & 
Rogers systems. Good health ; unmarried. Good 

O M P E TENT TEACHER of commercial 
branches. Including business practice. Is open for 

Ueacbers TIClante&. 

■■• ERS* BUREAF. Penmunsbip, Coin- 


lercial, niul hUi 

toselker. A loru- ,..^ „„,„,. „„.„..» 

scbools aud teacbcr»< enables tbe innnage- 
Koud liacbers lorgood HchooU. 
SuirII fee i»t charged ibe (enrber t no charge 

" ■ ■ '"eliable«cbool«8eek- 

1 fiiialifled, reliable 
jj.«v.«».-o r,^^M^.„^ i>i«vi,-d urewniileil foruur 
llHlN. No otbern ueed apply. AddresM PEN. 
?^l'P.AftV***^"^A^''E^t;HERS' BU- 
REAU. »Oa Broadway, New York. 

During the next four nionths. rw'll very likely ftll 
wveralhuiidreil itlai-tn. Riaht now is a good time to 
^.'Cris/cr, Here are some o/theplaves open as we go to 


MAS?.— Shorthand an-l typewriting. 
N. H.—'8 shorthand and penmanship. 

Mnture specialist in arithmetic and bookkeenlnir 
Large school, good salary. *^ ° 

All-round commercial and shorthand teacher 

Good penman and commercial teacher, able to 
each law aud le ture. 

Teacher of telegraphy. 

Young tisacher of commercial branches (must be 
tho-ough In p nmanshlpand book-keeping) 

Teacher of gramiiMr. shortband - ■ **' 
jrauches. Laily preferred 

EcleL'tic Shorrlu'jiri ii-ar-lier who canhandleg 

bfini [■ill,,..'. I I ,. I t > |)ewrltlng. 

^ ' "'I ' -lilp. arithmetic. 


IlJ B^ -Ps^oianshlp and drawing specialist In pub- 

h«^v.iH1''i!"'^^*il'^!'.*r°^'*"'»«°'c Shorthand. Must 
have thorough English education. -^^uoi. 


barge of business department. !□- 
man Shorthand. 
Capable teacher of penmanship, English and book- 
LO.— Superintendent for commercial department 

eluding Benu Pitman Shorthand. 


of normal coiIckl 

ILL.— Ellis buuk-keeping. Arithmetic, spelling, pen- 
manship, etc. 

Man to take pr.nclpalship of commercial department. 


■Teacher of Eclectic Shorthand and com- 

teacher who can also handle 


merclal brsn.he! 

s book keeping. 

MICH.— C'>nimercial and pennmn«h!p 
N.D.-U-un Pitm;u. ^hnrf " -■■ 


WASa.— Flrst-elass penman and com xerclal teacher 
i"amlliar with Sadler syst m 
CALIF.— Ali-rouud man to take cha ge of commer- 


EY —Teacher of arithmetic, grammar, Latin and 
common school branches. 
VA.— Teacher of commercial branches with some 

Ellis btKik keeping and penmanship. 

Graham shorthand, book-keeping and penmanship. 

FLA.— Experienced youug teacber of peninansblp 
and commercial branches. 

W. VA, — Book-keeping, English and penmanship 

QA,-Book-keepiug. arithmetic, law, grammar and 

. N. Y. 


BUREAU, aoa Br 

ANTED.— A flrst-class penman and t''acher of 
shorthand." McKee's," for coming school y 

from Sept. 1. Must 

, and have had 

actively engaged in the lumber 

CAMERON. President The Atlanta Business Colle 
Atlanta, Ga. 

Teacher Wanted! 

1 and appoint agents. Xo 

Educational Department. 

BUSINESS college proprietors and managers of 
normal schools requlilDg the services of com- 
letent teachers of book-keeping. Isaac Pitman's 
phonography, penmanfihip, etc., will please apply to 
us. We have several experienced teachers In train- 
ing In our college who ate desirous of securlnir situ- 
teachers in commercial schools. 

exceptionally i 
. I. For fu ■ 
ELLIOTT, Principal. 

ford, Ontario. 

ivho will be ready 
rther particulars address w. J. 
Central Business College, Strat- 

JBustness ©pportunitles. 

ch penmen, com^merclal 

school proprietors 
writing ami drawing, 

umns win put you l._ 

Possibly you have a pen. Ink. penholder or something 
of the kind to put on the market. Youmayivanta 
uslness enterprise, etc. This Is tbe 

; Jo CRN A 

imunlcatlon with them. 


column to put you in coiiununlcatlon with the right 

ANTED. -GOOD PENMEN to travel and use 
7 New Patented Window signWriting Machine. 
■""" 00 per month last yer-'*" " 

1 list of names and 

ly machine to reliabl 

ipts. Send 6c. for 

) and ofTlce window 

I photos. No poor writers or postal cards 

.ddress H. C. CARVER. Red Oak. Iowa. 

Scbools jfor Sale. 



: desirable fields In 

- ^itronlzed school In 

I located, and no school any- 

leresled and have a few hundred dollars to invest 

Brofltably. write for particulars. Address "SPLEN- 
ID Ot-PORlUNITY," care of Penman's art 

JOURNAI-. 5-y 

FOR S A LE.— Agool Business College In a Western 
State. Splendid opportunity for an all round 
business college teacher. Will sell cheap. Reason, 
poor health If I do not succeed in making a satis- 
factory sale, will lease ray school to responsible party. 

» In a territory of t 

nufacturing city of 4U.UuO in N. E., and has No op- 

1 n«T, It, « ,„„u«ry of more than 100.000 within a 

I connected by Electrics. Second 

'- - territory of 30.000 within a 

'Cted by Electrics. Each has 

radius of six 

B than sufficient tult 

ol. Either Is worth ^^ „^ 

les are light and profits are large. "Greater Interest 

ulngdue to pay for the 


nrlce sale. Addn 
i of Penman's 

■ chance. Ooly ; 

If Ion. Address"" PB§P ARE.'' 

Plenty of business. Cause for selling, other lnt« 

dfunUture jfor Sale. 

S*ALE — Acompletebusineai college enulp- 
nt, including tjpewrlters. tables, chairs. 
uppUes. elegant college offices, a roll toa 
sk, fetudents' night locker, supply case. Utter 


Short way to add, subtract, multiply; also fractions 
and square root, 10c. Lightning calculator, Everelt. 
Mass., Box 393. 4-y 



"Che flma" 

by special arrangement with one of the principal Normal 
Colleges is enabled lo offer TcBChers a three months' 
summer preparatory course, absolutely free. See 
April *' Arena " for particulars, orwrite lo 

A. Foixnta-in Brxisla 

. . . Tbal Writer Like a I'e 

Unequalled for Lettering. Marking and FlourlsMt 
Endorsed by W. E. Dennis. Use-l by art staff i>f Pi 
man's Art Jouinial. Address Win. B. Osgood 
Co.. Brooklyn. N. Y. 

A Rare Opportunity. 

in an Eastern city. Owuei 

having a good thing i 

I and Shorthand School 
eason for celling- poor 

of It. The writer Imagin 

schools offered for f 

; found to have little value. 

8 debating while strugeliL 

ban had 300 J students on I 
classes of from 70 to 90. 
upward* of 4U0 

i rolis. 



his J 


States: : 

Inuously successful work, together 

t In advertising It, has made its 

word In its own and adjoining 

o wants a school whose fouuda- 

n for a future long and successful career Is prob- 

ly unsurpassed, ami one which therefore does not 

need to be nullt up. though capable of greater devel- 

will dud such a one in this one. Few schools 

itandlng Tt will honor the purchaser. Price 

ably unsurpassed 
need to be nullt u 
opment, will (liid 

have Itsstandlng . _. 

•lO.OOO. Cheaper than a $500 school. Terms : (pref- 

be bought 
. hundred 
purchaser by the latter 
salary of twelve hundre 
$1,200) a year. Satisfy as to standing In y 


191,500) a 

reply, and do i 

unless you < 

. the 

■V correspondence. 

Possession given July Ist next. If not buying c 
right, satisfy as to experience In successful business 
management. Address "RARE OPPORTUNITY." 
care of Penman's Art Jdttrnal. 

Latest, Best and Cheapest, 




J. C. BRYANT, Publisher, 
President Bryant &Strat(on Business College. 




School Furniture until vou h.ive 
seen the best. The 

"f handler" /\djustable 


Is acknowledged the best. lu 
"cost" is slightly higher than 
cheaper grades, BUI — it's the 
cheapest in the end. 

16S Devonshire) St. 




niU, aud a Urge Frcn 
^"concord Junction, Maas. 






Write for full 


ntad. Oocoiilw u •nllra bDltdlng. Cj 
r^4^ a^t*ioffM. AddrtM. RfchmoiDCi 

iec^i^'n^elnaas Cohess Co. 

Wasbrtlle. ^cnn. 

Guarantee Position. Accept nofes fortalMon, orcan de- 
posit moDf^yiQbauk till posiliouia secured. Carfare paid. 



Indorsed by Bankera, Mcrclmnts and othera. Bookkeep- 
ing, Penmanehip, Sliorthand, Typewriting, Telegraphy, 
etc. Four weeks in Buokkeepiug with us equals 12 else- 
where. Novflcntion. Knlprany time. BuftitlJlO. Toordet 
onr books for homeeiudy is ne.xt best thing Lo en taring our 
VhoolB. '^nle us at IJa^hville. ( Ue^lioa this paper.) 



verslty. Qr.TiKl Bull.lluK. Peaelitrce St.. Atlauta.Ga 



London, Conn. Pn'si-nt tU-mancl for ifraduatfs of 
iipply. Catulogtip 


deats may i 

BKUBJfiCK. Principal. 

Catalogue free 

Louisville. Ky. 

•PBNCBRIAN Commercial and Shorttiand School 

Estahjlshi'd 1HJ1I. lucorportited 

)IIOK(}. Itli 

,. cirt 


3Iass. No vacation. Journal free. (J LICK & YOUNG. 

"Hew 13orh. 


149 South Kth St., Brooklyn. N. Y. Catalogues 
freepnappllcatlou. persoiiatlj or liy letter. HENRY 
O. WUltiEIT. Principal. 

Ble.N. Y. An Institution ..r wide reputation, re- 




AKY INSTITUTE, New Orleans. La., renowned f 01 
to years for Its high ttrade coursps. phllosophir 
systems, advanced accountlUK. practical and 
ethical lectures. Write for Tree speelmeD pages 
of Sonle'B great works. The Science and Practice 
of Aqpounta and the Phtlosophlc Practical Mathe 





. F. C. , 

Ipals for ID years. Most 
aitenoeii nusiness college In America. Address 
ROBINSON & JOHNSON. Belleville Ontario. Can. 

W. H. SHAW. Prlnctpal. Central Business Col 
lege. Stratford. Ont., W.J. ELLIOTT. Principal 
Two great Canadian schools. w*^ll-known tbrougb 
out the Dominion for suuerlor work. 



town. Pa.. Indorsed by leadtnK educators. It haf 


W; B. DENNIS, 357 Fulton St.. Brooklyn, N. Y.. 

Engrosser and Designer. 
R. M. JONBS, Pen Artist. 10 Mahon Avenue, 

unique specimens of pen work, 25 c 

Pittsburgh, Pa. One di 
^ A A A * month my recori. Orders have been 
fJ\7\J\/ received from 12 different 
"or my written calling cards. Ii 
\ for 50c. and give free a lovely 2-pocket 

■ le, or for lOe. silver 10 ( 

doz. cards and the card 

nie, for 5r 
I leather ( 

I will send 50 

ively 2-pockel 

for 10c, silver 10 cards 

C. R. RUNNELLS.'9030 sbySeeTej Av"e° Chicago! 

S. HILL, Penman, Curdsvllle, Ky. Beautiful 

" — -'ih 10 cents, caps, busmess and fancy, Iv 
mall course $3 00, cards 15 cenis. All kinds 

flourish 10 

M. E 
S3. 00, 

P. M. SISSON, Penman, Newport, R. I. Beau- 
tiful piece of Pen Work f ■■■r your scrap-book only 
10c. , your name on 1 dozen cards ets..— 12 les- 
'^ons In penmanship by mall S2.50. 

W. J. riARTIN, Le Mars. Iowa, Ai flourished let- 
ter aOc. Drawing and penmanship taui?bt by 
mail, .Tdlirerentsetseujjravers'coppcr-plate cap- 
itals, with Instructions for card wrlllUK;, 50c. 

C. P. Gubltz, Penman, Rockvllle, Conn, la les- 
sons In business writing. $3.00. 1 Doz. cards, 25c 
Elegant flourished bird. 25c. 4-y 

Oae doz. cards, 20c.; 2 sets of cavs., 20c.; 20 
combinations, aiic; flourish, lie; scrau-book 
specimen. lOc; oblique holder.lOc. Allforli. 


Chicago Coll. of Com.. 438 W. 03d St.. Chicago ] 



of Chicago. 12,000 former pupils now pro-fperous 



Military Institute, 


BtieUsh, Claisical, Scientific, 
and Bnslneu Course,, 


DaiiTllIc, Va. 


THOROUGH COURSES In Business. Shorthand 

and Typewriting. Eufillsh Training. Normal Train- 
ing antl Penmanship. Address ROCKFORD BUS!- 
NESS COLLEQE. 10§ 8. Main St.. Rockford, Illinois. 


CATALOOUBS of The CaplUI City Commercial 

College and the CaplUl City School of Shorthand 
will be sent free to Intending students. Address 
MEHAN ft McCADLEY. Des Moines. Iowa. These 
Institutions are flrst-class business training schools. 

cost 50 per cent, extra. 

B. H H I SR R, and Pr jze Public School Writing 

*^^^^^^^^^^-^\ Supt. intheU. 8.. Indlan- 
■! apod8.Ind. J, H. HISBR, 

3d Prize Public School Writing Supt. in the U. S. 
LESSONS. 89.60. 

ONE Dozen Cards, i5c.; Business Capitals. 12c.; 

F.incy Capitals, 15c.; Sheet of Oruamonlal Com- 

P. B. S. PETERS, \1anu.l Training High ?chool 

Kansas City, Mo., has a new plan of giving lessom 
by mail In Penmanship, Book-keeping or Shorthand 
Are you Interested ? 


Kansas City, nissourl. 

LeSBons by Mall In all bran<?heB of PenmanahlD 

Superior eople.. and Inatruetlons 

Terms Reasonable. 

Rejolullons Engrossed, Designs Made and Cuts 

Furnished. All kinds ol Pen Work Execuled. 


Powder tor 1 pi. EleKant Glossy Blaek Ink. . to US 

Bottle Uiiequaled wTilK- Ink, prepaid. o? 

I doren Unbeatable Written tfards, . . . I 25 

postpaid for exaniluutlon, for 2,j 
Cenlral School Supply House. Chicago. 





Automatic Shad- 
ing Pen Inks are 

Learn to Write Your Name. 

Scud mc yotir 
and I will send y 
writing it, with i 


In full and fflc. 
1 one do/.en or tiitirc ways ol 
itnir'lionp or send me.'iOo.and 
•e M or more ways, or «1 and receive 36 or 
ways. Ciroular and price-list addi:esscil In 
in hand lot I'c. stamp, Adilrcss 

A. E. PAfeO ^S, Crestc.n, Iowa. 



postpaid, 10 "cental 

HE ALY, 35 Orch ard Street, Lyiin. : 


w?d?h?o;.?i;2?.'st™nU'' ""■'"" "" """■«''"•'"-•» 


Lessons by mall by the month in Book keeping. 

Writing antfPubllo School Draw'-- "'-' '- -' 

17c. per doz. Fancy carils 25c. 

22 I 2S for SI. 25. 

Flourished staf 
(JEH, l.y 



Esterbrook's New Pens 

Vertical Writing. 

If not, yoa shonld lose no time in writing 
for samples, and then ordering snpplies 
through the stationer. 

No. 5.56, Vei-tical Writer, fire. 

No. 570, Vertical Writer, medium. 
ifOTi will be snre to like them, hh they 
are exactly adapted for their pnrpuse. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

Works, CAIVID EN. N, J. 


MAIL **■ l^^i* ■ GoodSalary. 
First lesson FRKK. When competent I secure 
enttd positjotisjor all pupils. Address, 

- OBwe^o, Jf. Y. 


iV. G. CiH A FFEKf ' 


/y£'>^/.as siys/Affss coiiecs 

302 B/ZO^Ol'\^^>'. 


What is it y It is ji s|ic<iairri of uiiapproach- 
abie artistic writing hnilinti hot iiom the pen 
of that famous ornamental writer, C. W. 
Kaojom. Penman, Central College. Kansas 
City, Mo., and tlie price is If'cv 1001 orders 
will be lliL- result of this ad. t^en'l to day. 


a 3 RANCH 



Series of Pencil Tablets 
For School Use 


showing fine half- 

dems McKINLEY, 
COLN, wilh cor- 

enls in their 
the life of e3<;n 

We also furnish everything in the line ol 

Practice Papers Composition Pa. 
pers Examination Blanl<s Draw- 
ing Papers Tablets and Pads Com- 
position Bool<s at lowest prices. 

9 Compute sample book free. Send for it. T 

I E. E. BABn & CO., New England Agents, I 

r 35 Arch Street, Boston. T 

I E W. A. ROWLES. Western Agents, T 

r 177 Monroe Street, Chicago. T 

\ SniTH & WHtTE MFQ. CO., ♦ 


rELlPHOt^e eVCM8ffi2^26 i 


Just the thing for practice in connec- 
tion with " 300 Pen Copies," 


10 LBS. TO REAM OF 1000 SHEETS 8 X lOL; 

Unruled, Ruled and Wide Ruled 

Put up If) hall-ream (500 sheets) packages. 

For Penmaiisliip Practice, l.,etter. 

Heads, Etc. 


Paid *S a 

Wyo. Box A 5, 


•can be kepi on DIXON'S American Graph- 
ite PENCILS, without breaking off every 


Ask yo 


or mention Pknmav's Art It.rK.N.iL ancj 
scni) i6ctnl« lot ...rnplcs worth doul.le the 


now TO <;i;t 


I Wm. B. Osgood S-Co., B.ookw„.N.Y. 

How to See the Point and 
Place It: 

Punctuation Without Rules ol Grammar. 

A bonk nf fttrty v^iro-* whloh tc-i.-h.-* [ninctuat- 
lug ruj.lilty liv (.■x,'iiii|ilf. M;in\ ;.r,>pl,' win. have 
Studk'i! KiiLll-i>, L^tilii ,-1, 1 ci-.. k t;i,iiiiiiin- iin? very 

ca^ele^s ii(i>i -i.'Miiii )nm'-iuiii..i -. ihi- i k is In- 

^iBpensaiili' f" iill iviiiri-. Mriii-irl/uiv i niPs and 
except 1 1 

By Mull .in els. 


'•Art in tlie Schoolroom." 

DInstrated lint of 

iiERi.iN PiioToiiiiAPiiir ro„ 

Fine Art Publishers, 14 East 23d Street. 

New YORK. 2-;i 

WorttiingtOD's inK CaHinel 

.■ hottle c-iicli tit the fn 

'. White, Crimson, Prlee for nil 

Hi North Clark St.. 

C A. FAUST ol Chicago ScIU 
Shading Pens, Inks and Supplits at Ihe bot- 
tom notch. Send 2c. for circulars. 

A Sintle Rean 



Goods sent b.v f rciffht or express at purchas 
er"s expense. Ortlefs for ."> reams or more 
should he placed far enough ahead to allow 
the paper to be shipped by freight— the cheap- 
est way. 


202 Broadway, New York. 

USE Oar Ledger & Linen Papers. 

Sample BookFree. Craoe BroB,, Westfieltl, Mass. 

' 'I'HH* ers and stttrents can 

make money 
Binders. (Coi 

sellinjr Weis Patent Magazine 
fury. Munsev. size only run ) ran 

-. [I nur 1,1 -,n T,, rM.|\ Tl i.l U .' / HH ■ HMM.T, .-nli|i 

^i-i'iii< ~i H :. ihir.- ., ,hiv. Mat,' phin- n 

iKJir ^.-ll.l Inl rllrUl'H- .111.1 r, , m- ;,t . II, ■■ 

\\'-.|- liillil.'i I .1 , i.M.i.kMMl \\r , 1 I'lld'i. <). 


I'oi-Hiilio of over I0 KiiilM.rnn-. Oii^' 
*'AiiI«*" l>('Mien'«< reproduceti by tlieSatliio 
Process. cont«lus more Inspiration and Ideas for i 
"auto" artist or stud'^nt than nnvthInK else e' 
offered to the public. PRICE. O\l<VS1.00. 

Illustrated circular Klving full description e 
mendatlons from high authority sent to any 

rte utlful "Pfii 

shoulil establish i 

since r received i 


Have You a Boy or Girl 

10 cannot get the proper moyement in wiit- 
i'. or are unable to keep their hand in correct 
sition ■/ Haye them rry the 

JVC'S' 0<3-X«..A.E>^. 
will do the business. Price 25 cents. 
('. A. FADSr, 
er Wnbash Ave.nue. - - Chlcnao, III. 


Drawer X, OTTAWA, ILL. 

For Automatic Shading Pens, Inks, Copybooks, Mail Courses in 

"Auto.," Crossruled Paper, and supplies of all kinds. 





Send stamp fo 
^ss lettered in a 


A Beautiful Speeir 
rr seen anything fin 

of "Auto." Wor: 
will refund your 

:e to X ij inches, for 50c, If yc 
ey and give you specimen free. 

, . . . Draft. Address 

ROBBINS. Sedalla. Mo. 


" llie Bergman Vertical Writer 

is nn excellent pfii for schools and gen- 
ernl correspouflence. 1 know of none 
belter."— A. U-*tKUs. Author ol Backus' Com- 
pendium of Vertical Penmanship. 

Spi'clal rates to the trade. 

Fort Madison, - - IOWA. 




The Art Penmanship Co., of Cleveland, Ohio. h( 
mluentpo.sirion in their Hue of busl 

this Jour 

i Association i 

The Colorado "« 
Teachers' Agency. 

•ecommend competent teaehera to School Boards 
i assist teachers to desirable positions. . 
nquire into our method, sflt'sfy yourself of om 
reliability, and then Join us ' 

FRED DICK, nanager, Denver, Colo. j.; 



Y t^eAmoA^ Q7ViCCL/SuAAXL& 



) Boys' Hi^h School hui 

Won iD phonoKfaph? was l65. or thirty-three day 
able to write at an average rate ot 100 words 
writer."— Prof. H. O. BBRSHAftDT, Boys' HlKh St-l 
" Since the Introducllon of Pernla Snortliand 
and QUed pojitlona as steuOKraphers t 
public—"--' " '^ — 

Es course of study In the 
four terms of twenty 
e pupils. The t 

The tlrst class \ 

DK these two y' 

CU to class iust 

end of this time our pupils \ 

i hours devoted t 

and perhaps in the 

" For Ctourt KeporilUK. the Pernln Shorthand has n 

a when written at a 

t emuloys neither shadlug nor position to de- 

.- — -,, jpeeu, I And that it retains Its leRibllity to a 

marked degree. I unhesitatingly recomiueud the Peruin to all."— G. F. Wtvell. Official Court Reporter. 16th 
Judicial Dl&t., MorrI?, Hlnn. 

( Mr. Wyvell held the position before he was 19 years old. earnlug $2,000 a year.) 

The PERNIN employs neither SHADING nor POSITION, and is learned for office 
work in 6 to 12 weeks. Taught by 800 leading schools. 

Complete SBLP-INSTRUCrOR, $i.oo. Money refunded If not satisfactory. Book sent to edu- 
cators for examination. Free lessons and circulars. Write. 

H. M. PERNIN, Author, Detroit, Mich. 



Bnsinesa men supplied with cumpeteiit Steuographerd. rfchoois faraished with 
thorotighly qnalified Teucherd. Pupila admitted any time. No vaciitiou. 

Teima moderate. Send for catalogue. 
6y in. e:. DEJIKLi, Frinoipal. 

/rz:'s y^ — ~>/Z, jv^py 

IVrite a system that meets the demands 





We have soraethin>rof special interest to offer teachers of shorthand aiul solicit their cor- 
■L'sponilence. lustriiction hy mail u specialty. Text book St.')" Adiiresg 

McKEE PUB. CO., «ir Main St., BiiUalo. N. Y. 





-Is more tlian. a. Fad I 


1 text hook. Ha\x' bo't rmb'r's b 
] tion to mOA'e Quick 1 Price reduced 
ei.SO to $1.00-200 pp., Svo. No 

the oriuinul ^ 
aiicc last edi- f 
ced. I 



000000 oooooooooooo <? 


The perfect train— 
The direct rouie— 
The quickest time — 

Chicago to Los Angeles. 

W. J. BLACK, Q.P.A.. Topeka, Kan. J 

C. A. HiaaiNS. A.a.P. A..Cblca|;a. ? 

ft ooKjooo 000000 000000 000000 O 



aro ideal poin 
stay, mid pleiisniit 

Thf hlHKl 


lilmjr . 

•ry week-day (rom New Yurk 
esorta oiler the additional at- 
i short and invitroratiiig sej 

for til 

trip, under the most favorable coiiditiooe 
of cuisine and accommodations. 
For full Information, apply to 

Old Dominion Steamship Co., 

Pier afi, North Biver, New York, 
W. L. OUILLAUDBU. Vice .Prea. and Traffic Mgr. 


KEEPING f:?erV*'„^ffh"„??5\?„V?,"„U- 
-^^^— " Write for Free Particulars to 
W. G. CHAFFEK, Osweeo, W. Y. 


I samples free. T.C. STRICK- 



MQTCUnnDADU The Wonderful Machine 
dlLnUUnArni rorWrltiugShorChaud. 
Quickly leariitr'd : Du strain of eyes, hand or body. 
Work uniform, accurate, easy and r ' ' ' " '* 
Circular. Hachlnea rented ou trial, 

Send r 

You Need One for Your Summer Work. 

They cost very little. 

t DC of our a-rntyiic ktler headings in fluurisbcd 


Sejiil Copy for a Sketch. 

FRANK McLEES & BROS., 18 Rose St., N. Y 

The American College and Public 
School Directory 

fijied LisfR and Aihlres 
U, a. of all 

^_„. Female Seminaries an 

Normal Schools. 3. Biislne^ii! CoUegL_ _. __ 

Science. 6. Schools of Theology, tf. Schools of Law. 
7. Schools of Medicine— Regular, Eclectic and Homoe- 
opathic. S. Schools of Dentistry. 9. Schools of Phar- 
macy. 10. State Superintendents. 11. CountySuper- 
tntendents. Also leadlm^— 12. City Superintendents. 
Ld. Principals. 14. Assiatanta, etc. Gathered from 
Official Sources and revised to date of Issue. 

Frlce. 83.00 Net. 

C* H. EVANS & CO., 

Evans Building. E^t. Louis. 
" It Is of Inestimable value."— Bo«ron Globe. I-y 



In reference to the statement published in the Report of Commissioner of 
Education for 1SS7-SS, page 9i7, and which reads : "The Pitman System is 


THE American System:" Dr. Harris wrote in a letter to Perniii's Monthly Stenog- 
rapher under date of April 3.5th, 1893, as follows ; 

"The clerk who had In hand the special article for the Report ol 
■ 888, in which the statement occurs regarding the American Sys- 
tem of Phonography, was a clerk not familiar with shorthand. 


TheOldctt. The Most Improved and The Most Perlect System. 

"All aliorthaud writers I 
I Inventor of the IIEST 
remodlncatlous."— Hon. fl 

arid concede the debt of gratitude due to Isaac Pltnia 
I of Hhorthnntl, and the one wiilch forms the basis l 


fly the crude, Imperfect l)(h edition 
'■ n past generation, when the tele- 
net the demands of the present aue 
"' mV""?!"'®* V^^ ""^''^ Improve^ 
I will i)B throuRh iKHorance, mlsap- 
Hcnu Hitman sy.steiu In pri^fereiue 
• nul J/aHdi/ei-. New York Buftntum 

in mind that tb*- Isaac Pitman wus tin- Original sys 
First in 1837, and with Its flany Improvements has been Foremost i 


Officially adopted and usfil in the Public Schools or New York and BitH.klyii. Specimen pages Tree. 

;^- Write for " The New vs. Tiie Old." or The Isaau Pitm-iii PhonoRraphy vn. Benu Pitman, 
Graham and others. Bv W. L. Masim, Official Instructor In Phonography in the New York Pub- 
lic Day Schools. Also for 16 page cataloifue and specimen of the "iVethlji Phontfic Jounial " and 
"Pitniau''s Sfwrtliand fVcckly.'' (The only shorthand wtt/dies published in any system.) Address 

ISAAC PITMAN & SONS, Publishers, 

The Phonographle Depot, - - - 33 Union Square, New York. 

Take Lessons at the .Metropolitan School of Shorthuud. 

ITO fifth Ave., New Sohmer BUb., S. W. Cor. 23(1 St. 
Elevators Day aud NiH'ht. Private Lessons at Class Rates. Circulars Free. 


The New York agent of the English firm of Isaac Pitman & Sons asserts that 
"Isaac Pitman's Shorthand" is now the Leading System, and to maintain the claim 
quotes Dr. W. T. Harris, U. S. Commissioner of Education, as follows : 

injf the statistic of instructioti in Short- 
.ysteui maiciiy followed is that of Isaac 
and Instruction," published by Bureau 

hand in the United States that the 
PKmaa."— Extract from" ShortI 
of Education (Washington, D. C. ), 

(Sife'nedl W. T. H,\ 


Mr. J^mea E. Munsou. the well-known anther of phonographic text-bookf, 

wrote Dr. Hai'ris (Dec, 15, 1894) asking him to state : 

" Whether you intended by tho^e words to convey the idea that Isaac Pit- 
man's Teuiu Lllthl Edition of Phonot?raphy— the system as taught in his 
present text-books— is the one mainly followed in tlie United States, or that 
Picmanic Phonography— the system of phonetic shorthand originated by 
Isaac Pitman, but now presented in the text-books of other authors as well 
as his own. notably in this country in the works of Ilenn Pitman. Graham, 
Munson, etc., is the one mainly followed in the United Siatee." 

To which Dr. Harris answered (Dec. 17, 1894; : 

" I hastpn to reply that I used the c.vpression precisely in the latter 
sense, and not in the tormer sense." 

The chapter giving ttatistics. referred toby Dr. Harris in tlie first of the two 
foregoing quotations when analyzed, shows that in 189;J the Isaac Pitman system, as 
published by the English firm, was used by but 6.7;; of the teachers of Phonography 
in the United States, while the Benn Pitman system stood at the head, and was 
used by 34 7;;^, being almost exactly as many as the next three highest systems com- 
Vnned— and the Isaac Pitman systetn was below these. 

It therefore appears from the evidence adduced by Isaac Pitman & Sons that 
the published statement of Dr. Harris's predecessor in otiice is justified by the facts 
and that *' The Beun Pitman System is more generally taught than any 
other in this country and may be called the American System," — {Rej^oi't 
of Commissioner of Education for 1887-88, page ii21.) 

Send for Catalog and " Modifications of Phonography — Wise and Other- 
wise*" Specimen of Phonographic Magazine Free* Address 


Cincinnati. Ohio. 


• •»«*<«<% *ik*******'***4*******************************i 

Office Routine and Bookkeeping 

came from the press one year ago this ,moiuli. Since tl.en five 
other large editions of the work have been issued, making a 
total of six editions in twelve months. No better evidence 
could be given than this of the superior merit of the publication, 
or of its entire adaptability to the requirements of progressive 
commercial schools and commercial departments. It is to day 


of teaching bookkeeping and office practice, and schools that 
are not already using the work would do well to give it a trial 
before the beginning of the next school year. It would make a 
very attractive, as well as thorough, summer course in business 
training. It may be used with or without offices, and there is 
no limit to the number of students that may be engaged in tlie 
work at one time. 


Among the many strong points of Office Routine and Book- 
keeping may be mentioned the following : The simplicity of the 
plan; the per feet harmony of the course ; the ease with which 
it can be introduced and conducted; the practical character of 
the work ; the plain, sensible, teachable style of penmanship 
illustrated in both instruction book and vouchers ; the low price 
of the outfit. For further points and part'culars, address 

WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Publishers, 


1 ♦ 

t * 

t « 

* « 

t * 

* « 



Commercial = \ 
HI and Common \ 

School Books j 


With theserjcs. Pupils study tbese hooks with ii 

t'l? arc relieved ot a great amount of diudprery, thus 

of their work. 

The subjects trented by these books nre : 

t * 

♦ « 




! in use ill thousand 

illustrated catalogue si 

>ither > 

re satis- 
to teachers and school officers. 

WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Publishers, 


^¥**9*m¥***¥*********¥**¥*********¥¥¥¥¥***¥**<f 9**¥¥¥¥¥¥9¥¥9 ¥¥***¥¥*¥¥¥¥¥*¥¥*¥¥¥ ¥¥¥¥*¥¥lf¥¥*¥¥i 

lYour place). ,^X/r^.^9'Z^A ^ /.9 




Regard our books as the best 
If you expect to introdnce into 
your school any of the sahjects 
for which we publish text books, 
or if yon intend to change text- 
books, you shovild e.^amine ours. 
You would find them to be the 
most modern, attractive and 

Best books, best course. Best 
course, best attendance. Best 
attendance, best income. 

(One (if aliimt two hniuhed engraved forms in our Practical Accounting and Business Practice, from Vouchers, ) 


Is the thought that underlies our new Business Practice. We believe that at 
least an elementary knowledge of the theory of accounts should precede the 

practice of bookkeeping Our Busine&s Practice illustrates 
RATIONAL and applies theory. It consists ot five parts, independent of 

PROGRESSIVE °"^ another, and put up in separate pads. They illustrate 

the following lines of business ; Flour and Feed, Whole- 
sale Boots and Shoes, Wholesale and Retail Groceries, Commission, and General 
Store (Single Entry). The Practice embraces the ordinary 
books of both single and double entry bookkeeping, and MODERN 

includes all ordinary business papers. We have obtained PRACTICAL 

from prominent business houses in the principal cities of 
the country the most attractive and beautiful forms of engraved checks, notes, 
drafts, etc; our Practice contains the choicest forms in the collection. 


—among them the foremost writers and teachers of writing in America — have 
contributed their skill to the success of this work; therefore the engraved 

business forms are filled with writing that unites variety, 
COnPREHENSIVE as in business, with superior excellence, as in the best 
INEXPENSIVE schools— a combination never before secured. The Practice 

may be used with any text-book, or independent of a text- 
book, if the student already has a knowledge of the theory ot accounts. How- 
ever, we recommend the use of our book with the Practice, 
as the results will be more satisfactory if the best text- SIMPLE 

book be nsed. We cannot give here, in detail, all ot the COMPACT 

advantages ot this new Practice, but we shall be glad to 

send full information to any one who will write to us. The work is now in the 
hands of the engravers and printers and will be ready soon. It will be practical, 

Wait for it." 

attractive, inexpen.sive, and easy to teach— the latest and the best, 
yVrite for illasttated catalogue, describing our Practical Spellivg, Letter Writing, Plain English, Shorthand, Typewriting, Commercial 

Law, Practical Bookkeeping, Pocket Dictionary, etc. 

THE PRACTICAL TEXT BOOK COMPANY, = = 420 Superior St., Cleveland, Ohio. 


The Penman's 
Art Journal 

XS^sT^oLlVs2i5"cV'pu.tH?r- NEW YORK, JUNE, 1898. volume „. number.. 

^mKED (to/iv 

(?/ / /^^/ ,/^ // ^^ J 



Telephone I964 CortlandC 

.i=K/» ^iy^»AJ/^/.i f^^^ «>37»f Sra. 

' THE JOURNAL a«t stajp. thb fad op t 

CopTTlght, 1898. b7 Ames & RolUnaon ( 

Bntered at N. Y. P. 0. u Moond-clus trail matter. 


A Complete Hon 

jctor and a Valuable Auxiliary for 
Pupils In Dally Classes. 


'tiiflceut book of lis pnj^es, lOV^x S inches It is 
... - - Ired lending penmen and business writers have 

coiitriDuted to the book It contains a full course of Icssodb in muscular movement bu<iiuess 
writing, lessons iu automatic and pen lettering, lessons in illustrating and pen drawing, lessons 

Price, postpaid, $1.00. 

3 of the leading teachers of practical writing. We have space for 

Brother Alfred. De 

I. Out.: "The Budget 

Salle Commercial College, To- 

[et WAS dulj rei ' 

splendid, i^et 

dul; received. I think 

system I 


BmlnesB College, Clilcago ; "The budget Is worth 
%^M0 of any one's money." 

Mr. J. M. Vincent. Toe Packard College, New York : 
" A cf>py of the new Penmanship Budget has been re- 
oewea. It Is flrst-class In every respect." 

Mr. C. A.Wessel, Principal Commercial Department,, 
Ferris Industrial School. Big Rapids, Mlcd.: 
Budget Is grand." 

E. F. Quintal, 
ton, III.: "All 
nu^get Join ni 
aider It tlie clhna 

havahadthe ploasuro of examining. It onitht to hi 
In the hands of evi-iy ppuniansblp aspirant." 

tr, Mt. ftt. Louis Inst., Uontreal, Canada 
ully examined vour new Budcet anr 
onfess that In my long 


College, Blooming 

log ft 

1 similar publli-atinn 

which I 

any work of the hind to equal 

the acquisition of a per- 

umanshlp should 

Mr. K. C. Uill: 
ter. N. Y.; "The Budget 

the best Instructor In common sense business writlne 
that I have seen." * 

Wm. O. Watson.WIIeon's Modern Bus. Coll., Seattle 
Wash, : " The new Budges has been received. Words 
cannot express my delight. Ir. Is beyond comparison 
the nnest wort on penmanship and pen art that I 
have ever seen, and I have spent some dollars for 
books on the same subjects." 

Prof. R. G. Laird, Principal Commercial Depa 

Academy. PItisburij. Pa. 

, hand Ju«t lo 


I think of all your pro- 

Inisiness writing t 
to whom this worl 
lo he pitied or con 


A Complete Home Instructor In all Branches of Penmanship. A Oenulne Work of Art 
Prom ja to 40 pages monthly. 

strongly endorsed 
■ly luousanns or teacners and pupils who have 
mastered a majuiflcent style of writing by fol 
lowing Its teachings. '' ' 

Office assistants have doubled their salaries bv 

"i>mmK,to_ write well from The Penman's iS 

"lope you can Co. The 


What others ha 

tlay is too small to be considered. 



.re thirty-two. 


. K''i>»s Alphabets have been, until recently, retailed at Sl.OII per set There 
eluding Old English. Oorman Text. Gothic. Foliage. Rustic. Bloct. Klowor and "Lear'Ronnde'd 
othic. Maraing Cameo, Uranite, Half Block. Pearl Grotesque, etc , etc. Kounded 


Palmer's Penmanship Budget 41 ,„, 

Subscription toTiiE Wesfeh-n Penman ' ,„ 

Kibbe's Alphabets '.."......'.'.'.. 1 iii 


ripliouTo T'llVwL^rEu.v'pE!vM''\''''' ^'''''-'''' "■"' -•^IPlwbets. at (Ik- 


th your bargain send tlio Budget and ..alphabets back, and your 

; We 

. Ill 


1 this 



Excellent Letter Paper, .S x .o._;, ,0 lbs. to ream of ,,000 
sheets, S..40 a ream ; 5 reams at $1.30 per ream. Cash with 


202 Broadway, New Vork. 



are absolately essential t6 good workmanship. This ia equally true 
' in the school room, where good books must be used if the best re- 
sults are obtained. 




WMOl-E XMING," bat 

they are a large part of it. We have for the past twenty-two years 
made a study of the preparation of Commercial Text Books and be- 
lieve we know a good text book when we see it. Our books were 
created in the school room and in a commercial center of the great- 
est activity. This has had a tendency to make them practical, and 
at the same time to adapt them to school purposes. The proper 
development of the subject was always considered and correct 
pedagogical principles are followed, thus insuring a complete under- 
standing of the subject. We want every commercial school in the 
United States represented on our list of patrons the coming season. 
We have at least one book that will completely meet your require- 






by writing us at once of yonr wants for the coming sea.son. 


Goodyear's Latest and Best, t^ ^ 


^ ^ Just from Press, June 1, 1898. 


The above work is planned for initiatory trainioK in a business course, combininif niethocto 
of bookueeping with a complete routine of business practice and offering: all of the arlvantuKes at 
voucher and builget systems, and also adding features of actual business practice th»t will be of 
great profit to the student. 

We have never seen a system of business training so perfectly adapted to the needs of 

eniiig classes, or of short term pupils The business practice can be carried on by one pupU 

any number of pupils, with or without olflces. and the absence of one pupil does not hinder 

othei-s in the class. When the student has completed these lessons, he can keep books and traoi- 

act business intelligently. 




They are made of specially prepared STEEL, by an entirely NEW and 
ORIGINAL PROCESS, by the aid of the latest AMERICAN Machinery. 

We can confidently assert that there is no make, FOREIGN OR DOMESTIC, 
equaling the same in pomt of excellence. 

The Eagle Vertical Pens have been pronounced by the best authoritlei 
of the Vertical System to be superior to all others, and are particularly 
recommended for use In Vertical Writing. 


Of the nnmerons styles of other Steel Pens which we mannfactare, we . 
recommend the No. E ITO tor Primary Grades, and the Nos, E 130, E 410, E 460, 
E 470, E 4S0 for advanced or higher grades. 


Works : 
ro3 to jas Saat zstb St. 


OeSce and Salesroom : 

377-379 Broadway* 



The commercial text-booka now offered by the undersized and ready for nse 
are : 

pages, covering all tbe points of Ihe previous '• Majioal of Bookkeepino asd Corresposdesce." with 
much additional matter lu the way of advanced practical sets, with the model forma In approved 
script, and tlie customs of business brought down to the latest requirements. This book Is, In Itself, 
a complete treatise on bookkeeping, and Is supplemented by 

'^. PUOGRESSIVE PRACTICE TESTS that leave nothing to be desired iu the way of school 
practice. These testa comprise, each, the material for a complete set of books, with all the docu- 
ments and forms for conducting the business, Including money, notes, drafts, bills, letters, etc. 
What the student will be required to do as an accountant la a business house, he Is required to do 
here, ami with as lilUe mere manipulation and cunibersomoness as possible. In fact, the plan Is 
Ideal, and Is so pronounced by all Intelligent teachers who have examined Ic. 

3. THE NEW PACKARD ARITHMETIC, which ts already a standard book in commercial 

schools, and covers all the requisites of a text-book of the first order. 


adopted In most of the Shorthand Schools teaching this system. 

Any teacher who desirea to examine any of these books with a view to their 
use will do well to commnfiicate with 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, - 101 East 23d St., New York. 

To Boards ofEdUGatioii.SupeniileiiiieiitsJnQGipaisaiiilTeaGliers. 

A (inod "^tocl Pc^n. 
Wbut n BlessiiiK ! 

Barnes^ Steel Pens 

We announce the unqualified success from the start of our NEW 

P. D. & a No. 6J7 VERTICAL 

Old style methods of Penmanship instruction improved. 


For smooth, easy, a rui a.ction and wonderful adaptability to every requirement of the 
prevailing *' Vertical Boom/' we claim the absolute superiority of our 

F. ID. & S. 3SrO. eiV VEPLTIOA-L. 

To those prpferi 

P. D- & S. Nos. 

d National. Nos. 1. H33. < 
Dd 10 cts. for full IU 

A. S. BARNES & CO., 156 Fifth Ave., New York. 



Call For Volunteers: 

WHEREAS by our Proclamation issued May 15th uldmo, declaring 
War on the existing State of Penmanship Ignorance by all the Forces 
of Sound Education and True Teaching, and 

WHEREAS it is necessary to raise a large Volunteer Army of 
Teachers and Educators to carry on this war to a successful issue ; 

Now, therefore, we. The Ellsworth Company, by virtue of the power 
vested in us as Publishers of the ways and means for equipping, and 
deeming suflficient occasion to exist, have thought fit, and hereby do call 
forth Volunteers to the aggregate number of 1000, the same to be ap- 
portioned as far as practicable among the several States of the Union 
to serve for Life unless sooner discharged. 

Volunteers will be ranked in the order of application and duty 
assigned to each under his own command. 

In consideration Whereof we have decided to contribute as a 
Bounty to each recruit one-half the cost of Outfit on receipt of the re- 
mainder in cash at our Headquarters, where the same will be promptly 
supplied and Instructions furnished for Drill and Discipline in the 
Manual of the Army. 

Done at the City of New York this fifteenth day of June, 1898. 

The Ellsworth Company, 

127 Duane Street, New York. 



iipleH Sent on .tpplicaiion. 

91 John St., New York. 

"Air-Tight" Fountain Batli 

Ti,«* c**..') istheonly scleutlfl" bathev(rcon.ttruoted. It l.s 

lO^totOp! simplicity Itself. Has un maohlnery to Ret out 

■^ of order and never refuafeto work. It holds the 

ivrlnKB all the clotha— In a word, doe 

II not allow you to blur aletter The bath v 
I permit you to make a dim copy. The reaa 

Fiis any press Can be put 
Simplest, Uiiicknflt. C.h 

No dirt. No bliiri 

peat No slop. 

letter-preas copies. Ha 

oiled letters. No 

Regulator and 

an Alr-Tli;bt Fountain Bath, 

not exchanKe It for aoy 325.0(J 

1 the market. Tho balh Is rust 

t business lifetime. Evi 

Biith «nd attachment guaranteed; money i 
funded if not satisfactory. Haudfiome cai 
logue and full information FREE for t he ask li 
Pricr of Bnth and l*i esNiire llesnlnta 




rying a larger stc 

..___. ..^ .. is-ti-uctions. which we s 

<-hased of us. this ink is unquestionaoly the finest in the world for fin- 
we use for fine letter writiuR. card writing, flourishing, 
penmen have used tor a long while, but kept it 


k than any other dealer in 
nd with every bottle pur 

Eenmansbip. It is the ink 
that many of tho finest 
___ __ _, ii. It is not made in this country, and for 

a little higher in price than most other inks. It is cheapest to use the best, how- 
Oood ink encourages ; poor ink discourages. Remit rr^^fi yBlMUHMJiTfi |i .. ^ 

1 bottle, holding nearly H pint, with oar '"^|»T***" telling how to get the b( 
effects, by mail, postpaid 

! quarts. 

cprepaidi — 
lot prepaidi... 
"Express (not prepaid)., 

, solo- 


ish the i 
(fijits, by freight, wr 

fdrecs Z&NERIAN ART COLLEGE, Columbus, Ohio. 

If You Want a New Position 

. or bPlore, RIGHT NOW im 
cep ol rhe flt'ltl until Septeinbc 
Till- Joiiriiiil liliiios iiiorii .-oi 
«,|ii-i(-,4 L-oiiibiiied. For circilltir, 


] I Beam ex.ellpnl Letter Fttper (1,000 sheets), 8 X 10« in., 10 lbs., or SI.IO. 
^ Keams at 81.30 per ream. Cash with order. 

A9I£!> * BOLLINSON CO., 402 Broadwar, New York. 



factors of typewriter Speed. 

A Type-Bar Machine, , . A Uniform and Easy Touch 
Machine, ... A Machine Mechanically Correct, . . 
A Straight Line Key-Board, . , A Duplicate Key- 
Board, . . A Single Scale and Swinging Platen, . . 
Line Spacing and Carriage Return in One Motion. 

All These Points and Many Other Improvements are 
Factors in the Superior Construction of 

Cbe Smith Premier typewriter 

Miss Katherine v. Currv. al Syracuse. N. Y., April 6, 
1892, wroce 180 words fn one mlnule on THE Smith 
Premier, and on April 27 attained the record of 192 

Popular with Stenographers Everywhere. 
Ask for New Catalogue with Half- Tone Illustrations. 

Cbe Smith Premier typewriter go., 

SVRACUSE, N. v., U. S. *. 

Branch Offices in 42 Principal Cities In the U, S. and England. 

•— • • 1 — • — ♦ " » — « — s 


Easy to Learn 

That's good, because students ought to learn to use 
even if it was very hard to do so. 

Easy to Work 

That's important, because il enables you to do MoRJ 
Work and Better Work than any other, and it's th 
Quality and the Quantity of j'our work that tells. 

Easy to Find 

That's only natural, because it is used 


There is always a demand for first-rate operators of th 


Standard Typewriter. 

Send for information about the NEW MODELS. 


327 Broadway, New York. 

Sixty Tons of Paper, 

Which Would Cover Sixty-Six 
Si/uare IVIiles, are required for 

A Single . 

Edition of the Budgct System of Bookkeeping 

Some idea of the extent to which the Budget System is used in schools may 
he had from this. The Bndgets were introdticetl only three years ago, anil tirilay 
the system is without a competitor in the tield of commercial education 

There are more np to-tiate feattires of practical accounting illustrated in the 
Budget System than in any other publications in existence Here are a fewof tht-m : 

Every entry, from the very beginning, is made from the business papers ii!- 
ceived and issued. 

Within an average of three weeks from the start, students make all original 
entries in Cash book. Sales-book, Billhooks, Invoice-book, and Journal. 

The practice work is illustrated by continuous business, in which the student 
is the continuous bookkeeper. He grows up with the business. He then becomes a 
partner, then proprietor. 

The introtinction of special commercial calculations at the time they are needetl, 
which is immediately preceding the point where they are supplied in the transac- 
tions contained in the Budgets. Intricate partnership settlements and ad.iastments, 
shipments, consignments, agency and branch store accounts are a part of the regu- 
lar business transacted and are not made side issues, indefinite in their application. 

A thorough exposition of a practical commission business, introducing numer- 
ous uj) to-date features, one of- which is an Account Sales Register which savoa 
3793 postings to the ledgfr in a business rendering 400 account sales per month. 

The use of special columns in ditferent books of account. The opening of cor- 
poration and noint stock company books. 

The keeping of department accounts, of cost and material accounts, of labor, 
operating expense, general expense, maintenance, and other special accounts inci- 
dental to a manufacturing business. 

A thorough exposition of accounting fi»r Department Store*. 

The adjustment of deranged double entry books. The pnjiier handling 
private, doubtful, arbitrary or nominal, branch store, sundry debits, sundry 
credits, petty ledger, sales ledger purchase ledger, subordinate ledger and 
other accounts fully explained illustrated and practiced. 

" The very best " should be ihe motto of every up to-date school. " The very 
beet " is the Budget System of Bookkeeping. An elegant illustrated catalogue and 
price list of all our publications, with photo engravings of the different books, 
budgets, etc., just received from the press, will be mail d on application. 


12 N. Charles Street, - - - BALTIMORE, MD. 

O. T. Ames, Founder and Contributor. 

Comment by the Way. 

The Western Fennian editor has 
As to Ormlctl Copies been^osiDg gleep, and we fear turu- 
'inri instrttctions. ing gray fperhaps green) over The 
Journal's " 300 Graded Copies in 
Rapid Business Writing." Jnaleading, full-page editorial 
in the May number Brother Palmer tells how he keeps 
his "eye upon thy march of progress in teaching bu&i 
ness writing." That's true. Judging by the record of 
'The Western Penman for several years past it has kept 
its " eye upon the march of progress in teaching business 
writing " as exemplified in The Journal— and not only 
on business writing but upon other branches of the work 
covered by The Journal as well. But as Brother Palm 
er's hind sight seems to be better than his foresight we 
would suggest that he supply his " eye " with a pair of 
strong field glasse?, so that he can see the " march of 
progress ' before it gets out of sight. As it stands now 
about the only work the " eye " has to do is to examine 
the footprints in the sand to determine what direction 
the advance guard has taken. Then the " eye " \vinks at 
The Weatern Penman, and The W. P. falls in, thinking it 
is right up with the procession— but, of couise, The 
Journal is away ahead by this time. 

The Western Penman doesn't believe that graded copies 
without full instructions are good except as auxiliaries. 
It evidently didn't believe in " auxiliary " copies even 
until they appeared in December, 1897, number of The 
Journal. In the January, 1898, number of The Jour- 
nal we printed the followiog : " It Sets the Pace. In 
the course ot an enthusiastic letter touching our new 
writing instruction feature a friend sounds the warning: 
' Now just watch them tumble over themselves to follow 
your lead in "3O0 Graded Pen copies." ' Well, let them. 
There is a good deal of fun in doing these things first. 
The Journal has cut out the pace for many years, and 
mean.s to keep it up. By the time its esteemed contem 
poraries ' get on to its curves ' in one particular and ar- 
rive at a certain point. The Journal is away up in 
front." Our friend was a prophet. In the December, 
1897, number and preceding numbers of The Western 
Penman there were no graded pen copies or auxiliary 
copies— nor were the words " graded " and " auxiliary " 
ever used in any such connection. But the November, 
1897, number of The Journal evidently set Brother 
Palmer's " eye " to blinking, while the December, 1897, 
number enabled ''the eye" to see "footprints iu the 
sauds," for in the January, 1898, number of The Western 
Penman there were a few *' auxiliary " (note the word) 
copies. Iq the February. 1898, number of The W. P. were 
two pages of "Auxiliary Copies" (save the mark 1). 
These auxiliary graded copies became so important as the 
months rolled around that they were made the star fea- 
ture of the May number of The Penman, a special an- 
nouncement being made on the cover — and the place of 
honor given in the front part of the paper- although of 
what lessons and copies they are auxiliary or intend to 
supplement is not clear. In commentiog on these copies 
the editor of The W. P. says : " The outlines are so clear 
that very lengthy instructions would be superfiuous." 
Just so. The Journal's idea of graded copies, with the 
maximum of copies, the minimum of instructions, is fully 
indorsed by the treatment of these auxiliary copies and 
the editorial statement in the May number of The W. P. 
The Journal's plan is to present a carefully graded, 
systematized, unified course of lessons in business writ- 
ing. The plan of The W. P., if we may judge by the way 
it is being carried out, is to print a variety of copies 
(good enough in themselves), but prepared without any- 
thing definite in view, so that the worU of each penman 
must stand by itself, separate and alone, since it doesn't 
dovetail or fit into the regular course of lessons running 
in The W. P., or with any other auxiliary copies before 
or to follow. It is nothing more than an abortive at- 
tempt tocopy The Journal's " 300 Graded Pen Copies." 
Finding that they cannot— because of the expense, labor 
and skill (we don't know whether conscience figures in it 
ornot)— steal The Journal's plan and make a success 
of it, in the May number The W. P. cries " sour grapes." 
Pages 37 and 48 should become reconciled with each other 
before picking a quarrel with The Journal. Page 37 
says: "Very lengthy instructions would be superflu- 
ous ; '* Page 48 says : " Teachers do not object to specific 


At I he beginning ot tbe "300 Graded Pen Copies ' 
The Journal gave full instructions to learner and 
teacher as to the carrying out of the plan, and every 
month Mr. Kelehner has given what we call " Hints and 
Suggestions." The main course and auxiliary copies 
have been so arranged that they may be cut down, en- 
larged, transposed and otherwise changed to suit the in- 
dividual teacher. In addition (but purposely separated 
from the copies) Mr. Kelehner and others have given in- 
structions ot benefit to home students. 

The Western Penman has just discovered that it be- 
lieves in full instructions, articles for teacher.s, etc. So 
does The Jodrnal. We practice what we preach— we 
print the articles. In the October, 181)7. number ot The 
Journal we printed a black line diagram showing, com- 
paratively, the number of illustrated and uuillustrated 
articles on business writing that had appeared in both 
papers in the period ot one year. The number of differ- 
ent contributors ot illustrated articles on business writ- 
ing represented in The Journal was shown by a line i!4 
inches long ; The H>»(ern Penman's list was shown by 
a line 3% inches long. The Journal's contributors of 
uuillustrated articles on business writing (and it's this idea 
ot using type matter that Brother Palmer is converted 
to now) was shown by a line 4'..; inches long ; The Weit- 
ern Penman was represented by a line but slightly more 
than one quarter of an inch long, or about one-eighteenth 
as much as The Journal. As The Journal has printed 
portraits, autographs and opinions of 3(H prominent pen- 
men and teachers indorsing the " 300 Graded Pen Copies" 
plan, and has as many more up its sleeve, we don't think 
it necessary to reply to that part ot The W. P. editorial 
referring to the " great many teachers not as well pleased 
with this plan as they thought they would be." Print 
their names or quit your habit ot making general state- 
ments that you can't back up. As we have before re- 
marked. The Journal sets the pace. 

But to few individuals is given the 
I'acliard's Fortieth opportunity of celebrating the for 
Aiiniperatni/. tieth anniversary ot continuous ser- 

vice in any line ot work, and this is 
particularly true of teaching, and more particularly true 
of a private school, which must.look to the public for its 
support. On May 19th Mr. Packard celebrated the for- 
tieth anniversary ot Packard's Business College, in Car- 
negie Music Hall, this city, and the occasion called forth 
many congratulatory speeches from the noted men pres- 
ent and hundreds of letters ot congratulation to Mr. 
Packard from men prominent in all walks of life. It 
must be gratifying for Mr. Packard to look back over 
these four decades of work and to see the enormous re- 
sults accomplished by proper training for men and 
women for the highest places, not only in business lite, 
but many of the learned professions and for places of 
honor and trust in the State and nation. It is extremely 
gratifying to business educators as well that the cause of 
business education is so ably represented in the metrop- 
olis, and gi-atifying, too, that in this day of fake schools 
a legitimate school should so long survive and flour 
ish, and that its proprietor should be so honored on the 
completion of his fortieth year of work in the metropolis. 
All honor to the school which has accomplished so much 
for the cause of business education, and all honor to tbe 
man who has directed the work. He is an honor to the 
profession, and in turn the profession honors him. May 
he live to celebrate forty years more of work in the cause 
which he has so nobly represented. 

Elsewhere in this issue will be 
I'ennninship found a statement from Howard 

Vepartnient^ iH (j^a-aiplin, embodying a petition to 
'• ■ •• tijg Board ot Directors ot the Na 

tional Educational Association of America tor proper 
recognition of public school teachers ot penmanship by 
the organization ot a public school penmanship depart- 
ment ot the National Educational Association. The 
Journal has long contended that the public schools do 
not give proper recognition to writing or to teachers of 
writing, and we think that the National Educational As- 
sociation should organize such a department. It good re- 
sults are to be obtained in the teaching of penmanship in 
public schools m the next tew years, these results must 
come through the efforts of supervisors and special 


teachers directing the grade teachers. The penmanship 
department would enable these supervisors and special 
teachers and such grade teachers as are especially inter- 
ested in writing, to get together and discuss ways and 
means for teaching writing iu our public schools. This 
department would be the means ot attracting many 
teachers who now stay at home, and at the same time 
would add materially to the good the general Association 
accomplishes from year to year. By all means organize 
this department. ^^^^ 

At the monthly meeting of the 
The l-lr.-t Moec j^^^ y^^ij Commercial Teachers' 
.i,,„i„>,i the i;,lce ^g50(,,ation on May 7th, after an 
' "" "' address on the New York State law 

regulating private schools by Melvil Dewey, Secretary 
of the State Board ot Regents, a resolution was intro 
duced and passed authorizing the President of the Afido- 
ciation to appoint a committee ot five to confer with the 
State Board of Regents as to ways and means of regu- 
lating, supervising and governing business colleges. At 
last The Journal's efforts for the adoption of some 
practical method of running the fakirs out ot the busi- 
ness are to bear fruit. While this committee will go no 
further than to take the matter up with the State Board 
ot Regents and arrive at some definite line of action and 
then report to the Association for authority for further 
proceeding, there can be but little doubt from the almost 
unanimous expression of those present at the meeting 
that the Association will authorize vigorous steps to be 
taken in conjunction with the State Board of Regents to 
so protect the work of business colleges that swindlers 
and incompetents will no longer be allowed to conduct 
an institution in New York State. 

It is not the desire of the Association or State Board of 
Regents to interfere with any schools, whether they be 
large or small, old or new, that are conducted in a proper 
manner. The sole object of this movement is to hit at 
the fake schools, and there cannot be much doubt when 
the question arises as to the identity of the fakirs. 

The Eastern Commercial Teachers' Association has al- 
ready made the first movement in the same direction, 
and no doubt the Commercial Teachers' Federation, 
which meets at Chicago, will take up tbe same work, and 
this together with the work being done in Canada by 
Canadian Business Educators' Association and by the As- 
sociation on the Pacific Coast, should make it so disagree- 
able for the chailatans in the commercial teaching field 
that they will decide to change their occupation. The 
Journal is more than gratifie.l by this endorsement ot 
its stand on the fake school question. The end is in sight, 
and the days ot the fakirs are already numbered. 

From reports received from com- 

<'o„imercl<il rnorcial schools in various partsVf 

Tenrhera ^^^^ country it is evident that they 

in the Army. ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^j^^.^. ^^.^^.^ j^ f umiahing, 

from faculty and students, enlisted men and offlcfrs for 
the United States volunteer army in the present cnsis. 
While a few schools report that the war has hurt busi- 
nefS, tbe majority state that their attendance has not 
diminished in the least. 

" I predict that in less than fifty 

ttishoji rotter years every university in the coun- 

tit rnrjioiii j|.y ^jii i)„ve a business department 

'■"'"""''"■''""■"'" where students can be instructed in 

the methods of business lite." 

Blackboards Should Be White. 

impoiiuuLo, ^^ ^ p,.„m time immemorial it has been » 

nistieas knows how much more trying to the e>es blactt 
^""^H ore than those ot any otber color, particularly in a 
poor liKht. The best color tor tbe school exercise hoard. «<> 
rnrdmrr to the Era, from a hygienic point ot view, la Bomo 
stole ot cream wLite, a dead surt.,-e ot soft, mellow tint 
tared in its degree ot whiteness to suit the quantity and 
.^°»1 ty of be ifsb, afforded. Tbe crayons tor tbe»e boar^ 
Xuld be ot skybUio color for ordinary »°f ' ^^l^''" f^', °=, 
casional work a canary orange and a clear dark green might 

Three Hundred Graded Pen Copies In Rapid Business Writing. 

TO THE TEACUEU.-Thene copies, nriiren nilh i> alronc free i 
to do from nny plate. They are not mode lo look prelly : Ihey are inea 
IMG you believe ia aad leaeli plala rapid buaiaeiB n rilinii, Tlie Copii 

avemenr. are pbotn^eatrrnved ia exnclly tlie Name 8iz< 
I TO BE OF rsE. Tkey nill Hi iafo aad napplenieat 
amy be cat froai the paper aud PHed jast an nuy otiM 

clioa oa pone 221 of Dee. JoVltNAL, with which i 
it advisable to nive ndditioaal iasfractioa to yoar i 
ni by yoar advice aud directioa. (Sec Mr, Helchaer 

nd represent actani pea worii 
copy slips, prioledor vvriltea 

ting. I 

'ar as it is pos8lbll^| 
ly point, I-ROVIdS 
used. In this wa^^ 

'action begins. Reiaeniberll 
Dlion with the Copies, the do 
109,) Rend Prize Contest / 

Lesson No, 30. 

"L^Z-rr- ^-o'-y-t^^lZ/' c^L.^-C^'C-^ 

Lesson No. 31, 





Lei son No. 32, 



03^^" S'aunaAia^^CQj^ctAaS 



Lesson No. a. 

[jr (. 

(^ (^ 


(^ ij# ^: 

Lesson No. 34. 

/O /' 

/^o^ y 




Anent Pake Schools. 

It Is extremely gratifying to Tbb Journal' to find its 
fight againut falte schools being so ably seconded by such 
a large number of reputable business schools all over the 
country. Many schools are taking it up in their college 
journals, firing broadsides. With united effort on the part 
of all who have the welfare of commercial education at 
heart, the fakirs will bo compelled to leave the business. 
In the Ilaldwin Admcale of Business Education, pub- 
lished by the Baldwin School of Business, Lockport, 
N. Y., there is a two-column article on take schools, in 
which Thb Journal's position is warmly commended. 

0. T. Miller, Prin. and Prop, of the New Jersey B. C, 
Newark, N. J., under date of May 18, writes as lollows; 
"lam in receipt of the last number ol The Penman's 
Art Journal and find it very interesting, especially 
your article in reply to our mutual friend, Mr. S. S. Pack- 
ard. 1 am pleased to say that I agree with you absolutely 
in your estimate of fake schools. It is self-evident that 
excrescences o^ any character whatever are prone to 
grow, and without the use of the surgeon's knife will 
endanger the life of the subject. This is a truism in edn- 
catiooal methods equally with nature. Your argument 
has been experienced in practical form somewhat modi- 
fled in this community by schools of every character, tor 
all have felt the influence of the fake methods in that 
they have antagonized legitimate work. I want to give 
you ray cordial approbation on the decided stand you 
have taken in the matter and the convincing form in 
which you have placed the argument." 

C. E. Williams, Prin. Attleboro, Mass., B. U., writes: 
" 1 think that a supervision of business colleges with the 
sole object of creating a standard for business teachers, 
irrespective of the size or wealth of the school, by thor- 
ough going business educators whose honor would stand 
for public confidence, would be a good thing, but to have 
supervisors who are ignorant, or even who have a smat- 
tering of a business education, would do an irreparable 
injury, as business schools must be governed by their 
friends and not by their enemies. How to attain this 
desirable end, thereby making it impossible for school 
fakirs and educational mountebanks to exist, should be 
the aim of all reputable schools. I would suggest that 
we as a body of business educators delegate an even 
dozen business teachers, to be confirmed by the executives 
of each State, and they to have authority to award cer- 
tificates to thoroughly qualified teachers, and have a 
standard so high that it would be an honor to possess a 
certificate. Then the public could be quickly and easily 
educated to discern the genuine from the fake." 

Business Schools Closed. 

Pennsylvania (formerly Wood's) Business College, on 
the third floor of. Porter's Block, to day ceased to 
exist. Prof. Wales, the principal, left Easton a few 
days ago, leaving one of the instructors, named Kib- 
ler, in charge. He said he would return soon with money 
to keep the institution afloat, but he did not return, and 
now many of the creditors are out of pocket. The school 
had only forty pupils of late.— Easton, Pa , Free Press. 

There was considerable consternation among the 
students of the Warren B. ;C. Friday afternoon, when 
it waa reported that Prof. A. C. Parsons, prin. of 
the school, had during Thursday night departed with- 
out leaving his address or saying good-bye. Last 
October Prof. Parsons came to Warren from Ports- 
mouth. Being affable and a hustler, he built up a good 
school. He recently started a school in Eavenna. It is 
claimed that before leaving he collected con.siderable ad- 
vance tuition from the students. He took with him 
Dearly everything of value, and leaving behind property 
valued at less than $a5. Oreditore of Mr. Parsons have 
claims, one amounting to *.300for rent, one Cor S45 due a 
teacher, i'M due the solicitor ami other debts aggregating 
over SIOO. The cause of his departure is not known, but 
It is thought to be on account ot floancial diiBculties. 
The students are much put out, especially those who had 
paid tor their course ot tuition. The loss comes pretty 
hard on some of the students, who could ill aftord to lose 
the money. Will Sidels, who has been in charge ot the 
Ravenna School, came home last night and then flist 
learned ot the disappearance ot Prof. Parsons. Mr. 
Sidels returned to Ravenna this morning, and says he 
will at once close up the school and attach the furniture 
for wages.— ll'arren, O , Daidj Uhronicle. 

THE EDITOR'S Scrap Book. 

fSU^* C>^unaneK2^^^0^^tUAa/5 

■sling, Wartburg Acad , Waverly. la. 

— T. J. Hooker, Carlinville. III., put« awing into his work. 

— A. J. Brown, ZanesriUe, Ohio, sends a letter in a grace- 
ful professional style. 

— E. J. Plantier. Bellows Falls. Vt.. is improving in his 
work, as is shown by some gracefully written cards. 

— The Jocr.val has had ocrapion hefore to complimfnt 
the work of J E. Leamv of Rulland, Vt., pupil of L. J. Egel- 
Fton. 8ome plain and ornamental writing recently received 
from him bhow great strides, and all Mr. Leamy has to do to 
get t" the top is to Btudy and practice. He is but eighteen 
year-s of age, but turns out work that would be creditable to 
many professionals who have been that long in the ranks. 

— Samples of plain and ornamental writing from T. S. 
Ovcrby. student of L. M Kelchuer, of Dixon, place him so 

■ '" ■ rned. in the professional r '^' 

flourishing that show he is improving rather than retrograd- 

•' The Monarch of the CJlen." by E. L. Brown, which i 
exhibition in a store window in Rockland. The Opinion 
says : " Mr Brown is one of the cleverest pen and ink artists 
in the country and this picture is perhaps bis best." 

-G. W. He&s.» Drawer T.. Ottawa, 111. has favored The 
JounNAL with the largest and finett piece of automatic pen 
work that has come to this office in many a moon. It is the 
Lord's Prayer and the design is well balanced, and lettering 
accurate and graceful, and the color effects while &triking 
are decidedly harmonious. In fact, the entire design is re- 
markably fine and the average person would tbink it beyoud 
the ken of anv living person to execute with the pen. We 
dun't know whether Bro Hfss sells copies of this design or 
not, but if he does every Jodrnal reader interested in auto- 
matic pen work should have one. 

— I. P. Mountz. President Carlisle. Pa., C. C, sends The 
JoDRNAL a few movement exercises with copies in tbe style 
of the " 3UU Graded Pen Copies " now running in The Jour- 
nal and comments as follows: "I use your ' 3(X)' every day 
in my class, and the students think they are fine," The work 
sent by Mr Moiiotz is model business writing, and fortunate 
indeed are the pupils who have an opportunity of acquiring 
such a hand. 

— C. S. Quayle. Rock Island. lU.. judging by the style is a 
di-»cipIo of A D. Taylor, and Journal readers know what 
that mt-nns. Mr Quayle sends a large variety of busine^s 
and ornamental writing, all of it of suoerfine quality. Mr. 
Quayle needs but little more practice to put him in the top 

— J. O. Wise of Akron, O., sends a splendid specimen of 
shaded base writing. 

— W. A. Orr, Greenville. Ill , submits some business and 
ornamental writing— all excellent. Mr. Orr will remain with 
Greenville College at an advanced salary for another year. 

matic pen executed flowers. It is hard to believe that 
were made with the pen. This concern has artists who are 
adepts in this class of automatic pen work. 

— That J. W. Hazlett. Farmer's National Bunk, Mulberry, 
Ind . hasn't lost his grip is shown by a splendid set of busi- 
ness capitals from his pen executed in thirty seconds. 

Students* Spedmens. 

— C. D. Clarkson, teacher in New Jersey B. "C , Newark, 
sends The Journal a bundle of>amples of lettering made by 
students in his department. A dozen or more styles of let- 
tering are shown and each specimen gives evidence of good 
conception and skilled hand. Among those sending the best 
work are H. S Armstrong. H. Jones. H. M. Davenport. J. D. 
Bt-annick. D. Mnglev, N. B. Beitlv. Wm. Nixon. Lelia Huff- 
man. L. Eddy. G. E Bond. W. M. Schmidt. Chas. O Grady, 
L. Reinhardt, C. W. HodEon. 

stamps Mr. Olson's teaching ■ 

braces solid pages of figures and body writing and does credit 

alike to students and teacher. Among those sending the best 

workare J. A. Croc'-^' "' ' ' ' 

Fannie Jones. Cba 
Kyger, I. V. Riley. 

- From Willis Harnden, a pupil of A. W. Dakin. Dakin's 
B. C . Syracuse, N. Y., we have received specimens showing 
improvemeat made in four months. This improvement has 
been most marked and is certainly encouraging to student 
and teacher. Mr. Dakin is doing good work if this is a sam- 

- Some splendidly execmted ornamental v. . ....^b »„« i;a. 

iiaU^ 0°°*^ Penman, Bartletfs C. C, Uinci 

rlting and cards 

7hnwM^»?? « "T^; Hackensack, N. J., is a good writer, as 
sbowu by some late specimens received from him. 
- That J. E. Thornton. Carrollton, Ga., has not lost hts 
telycomeTohanJ.^'*'"'' ''**''**'*°'"« ^"'*"S that has just 

pie of i 

specimens of students' business writing. This 
first clas' business writing in every particular, and it shows 
that the teacher understands his business. Among the best 
writers are H. Laberge. Emile Gourdenu, Wilfrid Ctnutier, 
Louis Dion. Eugene Sirors, Phidelen Jean, Albert Gagne, 
Benjamin Dionne ■ 

— The Journal's editor was called upon to pass on some 
specimens of wriiing of the students of Amos W. Smitl), 
Buffalo Commercial .'^chool. 43 Chapin Block, Buffalo, N. Y., 

A, Evan". All of the work showed great i—^ 

is evidence of good teaching. Mr. Smith as wt .^...^ 

young people are to be congratulated upon tbe result. 

—J. H Hiaer, Penman Richmond, Ind., B C , is doing good 
work, and the specimens of students' writing he forwai ds to 
The Journal are conclusivoevidenre of this. The writing is 
coarse pen business writmg. and is us plain as print A large 
numbtr of students are represented. 

Public School Work. 

— Miss Jennie P Willis, Supervisor of Penmanship, Wi- 
nona, Minn., Public Srhocls, favors The Jo — " 

examples of eiehih grade pupil '- "" 

some excellent and some very fine considerinK the fact that 
it was dict'ited aud written at a good speed. Tbe best work 
is by the following: Lillian Oe Guire. Harriet Miller, Clara 
Soeding. Elfrieda Sommer, Maud Burk, Mollie Inre, Ferdenft 
Robb. Mathilda Karow, Grace Soper, Evalvn Bogan, Ella 
Barts, Mabel Fowler. Meta Uarders, Lydia Fischer. Frances 
Milanow>ki. Mary Kasimor. In the letter accompanying 

B specimens Miss Willis writes: " In your 

of so many words to be wi 

riike the way given bj 
think fifty words written well ■ 
I enclose some work from one of mv eiehth grade rooms 
wheie 200 words were written in nine miuuteE— dictated 
work. Pupils have been writing the vertical just one year 
and two months." 

— L D. Scott. Supervisor of Penmanship, Public Schools, 
Memphis, Tenn.,' has given us a chance to examine work 
from several grades from the first to the high school. Tho 
work is eo uniformly good that it is difficult to pick out that 
which is best, bnt at. the risk of hurting Eomebody's feebngs 
we will pick out the best work in the higher grades. The 
best writer we think is A. J. Tavlor. and he has command of 
a movement of a dash and swing that if curbed and directed 
along the lines that Mr, Scott follows, should mnke him a fine 
penman. E. E. Joiner, L. U. Estes, Jr.. Und Madge Ingalls 
are all fine writers, but to Mis-s Ida Robinson, of the mature 
age of eleven, must be given the palm for the best business 
writing, age considered. She deserves some reward, and 
Memphis should be proud of her. It is lare to find one ao 
voung with such a mastery of movement aud form in writ- 

— E. D. Snow. Prin. Com'l Dept.. High Srhool, Rutland, 
Vt., sends specimens from 23 of his pupils and says that every 
one in the class but one is represented. While there is a little 
variation in slant the majority write nearer vertical than 
anything else. Mr. Snow says that there is but little differ- 
ence in the rapidity between the vertical and the f-lant writ- 
ing of these pupils. So uniform is this work that it the same 
pen had been used by the 22 students and each one had writ- 
ten a line on a page, it would have been difficult to have told 
whether the page was written by one or more students. 
Every letter is perfectly plain, the spacing is excellent, and 
it doesn't need an expert to show that good speed and move- 
ment were used throughout This work proves to us that 
Mr. Snow practices what he preaches and is able to make 
first-class business writers The average age of these purils 
is Ifi. and from the fact that they have alreadv mastered a 
business hand that will stick to them throughout lite. It 
should encourage the public schools to teach business writ- 

EDITOR'S Calendar. 

Mack's Compendium of Artistic Writing and Card 

Writing. By J. B Mack. Published by J. B. Mack, 

Concord, N". H. 2i plates 3}^ s 6. Price, 50 cents. 

This compendium of Mr. Mack's has the advantage of 

being photo-engraved direct from pen copy— except a 

page of autographs, the majority of which were photo - 

engraved directly from The Journal, aud this, too, 

without permission. In addition to the work of Mr. 

Mack Messrs. Canan. Bartow, Crane, Tarablyn and others 

are represented. All the work is gmceful. dashy and 

should be inspiring to amateur penmen. 

University Review System of Vertical Penmanship. 
Ten numbers. Published by University Publishing 
Company, New York, New Orleans and Boston. 
The style of writing adopted is practically the tlant 
I system slightly simplified aud straightened up. The line 
is made heavier than in the slant, and the work has a 
very practical look throughout. On the covers of the 
various books are alphabets, charts, moyement eserciees, 
etc. As the books progress the size ot the writing is re- 
duced until it uearly reaches the business size. The style 
of script combines continuity, which should make easy 
and fairly speedy writing, and it is extremely legible as 

Wanted, Information. 

Editor Penman's Art Journal: 

Sir,— Why is it that the managers of the Commercial 
end of the National Teachers' Association don't wake up 
aud do eomething y 

Why is it that notices of the coming meeting have been 
confined to a few small periodicals, most of which are 
never seen outside of their own States ? 

Why is it a little common sense and some hustle is ap- 
parently an unknown (luantity in the management ot our 
department iu the coming Convention ? 

Why is it that even pergonal letters asking for informa- 
tion receive little or no attention v 

Does the management expect us at Washington y 

Does it really want a C'onvention y 

There are not four teachers iu New England who even 
know where headquarters will be, or the rates of trans 
portation, or entertainment, and yet we are expected to 
be present and listen, I suppose, to the usual oratorical 
cyclone, and come home and spend a week kicking our- 
selves because we attended. 

Is it any wonder the Commercial Department of these 
National Conventions has always been a farce ? 

Come now, brethren, wake up; tell us what you are go- 
ing to do and then get up steam enough to do it. This 
sort of high horse dignity has almost reached the stop- 
ping place. 

Why don't you give a full page notice in a paper that is 
read y 

Why don't you bring out your light and let it shine, so 
we may all be guided to the Mecca y It does not require 
a prophet of mor^ than average ability to prognosticate 
the future of the Commercial Department of the Na- 
tional Educational Conventiun, unless a little more com 
mon sense is used in its management. 

William J. Amos. 

Merrill Bus. Coll., Stamford, Conyi. 

Auxiliary Exercises in Connection with "300 Graded Pen Copies." 

These copies are to be used under direction of the teacher, and in connection with the " 300 Graded Pen 
Copies"— if the teacher thinks it advisable to use additional copies. 

These copies are by : m—W. P. Mcintosh, Haverhill, Mass,, B. C. ; 01, f», 25, Vg—L,. M. Thornborgh, Paterson, 
N. J , High School; Q3—J. F. Barnhart, Burdett B. C, Boston, Mass.; RS—R. W. Ballentine, Wellsboro, Pa., B. C; 
SI and US—C. C. Lister, Sadler's B. & S. B. C, Baltimore, Md. 

To All Special Teachers of Penmanship in 
the Public Schools of the United States. 

Fellow Teachers: The following petitiou, drawn oy 
nie and signed by thirty-four (3i} prominent educators, 
including United States Commissioner of Education W. 
T. Harris, will be acted upon by the Board of Directors o£ 
the N. E. A. of A., at the Washington, D. C, meeting 
' July 7-12. 

Will you join us ? If so, 1 shall be at the Academy of 
Music, Ninth and D Streets, July 7-12, with the follow- 
ing application for your signature. We organize July 
13 at 10 A. M., at Mu&ic Hall. 
'To the Board of Directors of the National Educators' 

Association of America : 

" Itextlemen : We. the undersigned, Special Teachers 
of Penmanship in the Public Schools of the United 
States, being active members of the N. E. A. ot A., and 
feeling that we have not had proper representation in 
'ly of the existing sections of your body, do respectfully 
'i"u that a department, to be known as the Public 
1 Penmanship Department, be created for our ex- 

" Respectfully submitted. 

" Signed by Howakd Champlin, 
^'ipt. Writing Pub. Schools, Cincinnati. Ohio, and 

thirty- three (33) others. 
■ -l^rty 20, 1898." 

The Journal predicted that the commercial and nor- 
mal schools of the country would not be found lacking 
in practical patriotism when the time 
came. We learn that W. C. Steven- 
son, principal of the commercial and 
penmanship departments of the State 
Normal School, 
Emporia, Kansas, 
has been elected 
Colonel of a regi- 
ment of Kansas 
w V STEVENSON voluntcers and 
has gone to the 
front with his command. Col. Ste- 
venson has taken an active interest 
in military affairs for some years and 
has been commandant of Normal l w -h-whigham 
School battalion. Another commer- 
cial teacher who has gone to the front in a double sense is 
W. H. Whigham of Powers' Metropolitan Business Col- 
lege, Chicago. Captain (that's his title now) Whigham 
heads one of Chicago's crack companies. Tbe Journal 
wishes both of " our " boys success and safe return. 

One cannot too sedulously look after the small couitesiea 
in one's conduct, and, if one be charged with the manage- 
ment of a household, in the accustomed ways of the familv. 
Habits count for evervthing here, and example ia better 
than precept.—Margaret E. Sangster. 


Mr. Kelchner*s Hints and Suggestions. 

tr.vsoM •i9.~<oinvs 177, JsS, /7U, ISO ami ISl. 

Copy yn. 177. 
"In makiuR this letter try to got the crossing for the loop to 
come at half its height. Curve the down stroke as much as 
you can with a good free movement. Avoid slanting the 
first stroke too much. 

Copy No. 17U, 
1- "Tbree^ letters in a group. Notice how near the connective 
to the base line. Don't make such doso spaciug 

that the letters will lap. Use a good movement. 

Remember always to write a patje of each copy before you 
cliange. Study height, slant and spacing iu all your work. 

Xt«»»ii .30._C«j>f<.« 1S2, 1H3, 1H4, IS.l, ISt!, IS7. 
18H\aHd 180. 

Copy No. JS2. 

The up stroke and loop are made the same as for the ciipi- 
tal " S." See to it that the up stroke for the loop and the 
down stroke for the stem correspond iu slant. 

Form an angle at left and have the last stroke to drop below 
the turn for the loop. Make it entirely with the arm move- 

■Copy !S5. 
Start at half the height of the letter. Form turn at bot- 
tom. Try to get a long and narrow loop at base line. 

Copy isa. 
Notice how the first stroke is curved. Make 

Lesson 31. -Copies 190, 101, lOS, 193 and 104. 

Copy im. 

Up and down is the principal luovemeut. Pause at bottom 
on dowu stroke so as to form dot. See that the down strokes 
correspond in slant, and avoid making too wide spacing. The 
last part ot this letter should always extend above the first 
part, no matter what style you make. 

Use the style that you can make the best and easiest. 

Cnpy ,•>,'. 
Don't raise the pen in making this letter. Notice the loops 
and spacing between down strokes. 
"" ■' ' *■ 1 writing tbe sentence. Uni 

Lesson 3S.-Cojnt'S 79J, ]»H, 197, lOH, 109 and 200i 

Copy W'.. 
The first part is made the same as first part of capital H. 

Don't use any finger i 

Copy }'J7. 

Notice how the first part is made ; the last part is made the 
fame as style abovo. 

Keep same number of letters on a line. See how neat you 
can make a page of this letter. 

Seo that the slant ot the small letter corresponds with the 
slant of capitals. Avoid slanting your writing too miii-h. 

Lesson 33 Copies SOI, S02, 20.% i!04, i. 

ml 207 

Copy No. 20J.— Indirect oval. Retrace each oval eight times. 
Use a good free rotary movement. Thoroughly master the 
two exercises in this copy and you will experience very Iittlo. 
if any, trouble in making the capitals in this lesson. Use 
the style capital that you can make tbe best. Keep tlie same 
number on a line as copy. Always a page before you cliange. 


[ 34 Copies SOS, S09, SIO, Sll, SIS . 


'1 have given you two styles for the S: either stylo makes i 
good letter. 

Rotary movement is the principal movement. Make nic( 
and round turns and keep the turns at top aswideasyoi 
make the turns at base line. Same number of capitals on n 
copy. In writing words go dirocb from capitals 


Business Educators' Association of Canada. 
Second Annual rieeting. to be held in 
Toronto on the 12th and 13th of July, 


Tuesday, JS. 
10.00 Convention opens. 
10.15-10.30 Address by the President, C. K. McCullough, 

Hamilton, Ont. 
10.40-13.30 Ten minute papers by members of the Ex- 
amining Board, followed by a general dis- 
13.30- 3.00 Recess. 
3.00- 3.30 "Advertising," by W. H. Sadler, Ballimore. 

3.30- 3.30 General discussion on advertising. 
3.30- (i.OO General business and election ot Board of 

Wednesday, l:i. 
9.00- 9.30 Reports ot Committees. 

9.30-10.00 " Debentures," by A. E. Galbraith, Chalbiiiu, 
Ont. Discussion. 
10.00-10.30 " Auditing," by C. A. Fleming, Owen Sound, 

Ont. Discussion. 
10.30-13.00 General Business. 
13.00- 3.00 Recess. 

3.00- 3.30 " Private Boolikeeping for Business College 
Principals," by D. McLacblan, Chatham, 
Ont. Discussion. 
3.30- 6.00 Election of OfHcere and selection of next place 
of meeting. 

The Pkkhan's Art Journal. 20 pages, nubscrlptln 

TUB 'penman's Art Joitrkax, News Edition. 24 pages, subscription 
price $1 a year, 10 (;entH a number. 

Both etlKfoBS are Identical except that there are four added pages 
of New« and Miscellany (n the Newa Edition. All advertisements 
nppear In l>oth editions, aUn all Instruction feat urea, except that the 
Public School Dep(, and everything pertaining to Vertical Writing 
are In the News Edition only. 

Clubbing Jlaiea. 
HKOVhAn Edition.— 3 oubs. $l. & to 10 subs. SOc. each, 12 subs, or 
more, sent at one time, 25c. each. 
News Edition.— 2 subfl., a subs. 91.65, 4 or more subs. SOc 

that your subscription has expired 

Tliis paragraph marked 
and you win gel n< 

Journals until you subscHbe again. 
J*ro/efi9tonaf or Permanent List. 

The Journal's Professlonul List Includes only those whosubscrlbe 

Ik due Is given by marking the little Italic paragraph below 
subs, are payable strictly Id advance, and prompt remittance 
<«d. as the sending of a bill or writing a letter i 
expense of from five to ten per cent, of 
' of peculiar gratlflci 

uajorlty of the best known < 

H Professional o 

ntalned for j 


L-duccd r 


t of 1 . 

1 1 hat there are not lai 

an:l women who api 


£:vl:hxboi}y ! i 

Please notice the address o 
''fght. If not, drop us a postal 
This applies especially 

but don't pretend t 

dp you without writing us. and It 

with pro| 


Infallible. Don't bother the a^ent, H. 

If It l8 Just 

uble I 

Our subscription lUts nre now entered by Htates. 
It will be uecessary, tlierelorei when askintt to have 
your iidilrenH chanBecI, TO STATE WHAT YOUR 
FORftlEK ADHRESS WAS t otbcrnise we shnll be 
unable to flnri your name. Ncitber can we aflbril to culer 
hilo carrespnudence over the matter. 

We Mbould be uotiaed one nionib in advance of any 
chnnirc in addreHH. Otherwise nrraneemcDtB should be 
made to have your JOVRNAI* forwarded. 

Price of The Journal in Quantities. 

A iiuiiiber of friends have Inquired the price of extra Journals 
for ^*crft|i-bnok purposes. The price of a smgle number Is 6 cents, 
six copies mailed In one package will be sent for 25 cents; twelve 

__.. . ._ . hundred copies. 
Regular Edition, which contains 
Extra copies of the News Edition 

school It would be well t 
rolled, thus 

distinctly understood i 

in this way getting the reduced 
... ^^ 

_ ..rvethe 
■hen the edition gets 

Advei'tising Hates. 

Thirty cents per nonpareil line, $2.60 per Inch, each Insertion. 

' Notie. 

* for t 

I and space. Special 

vised in accordi 

furnlBbed < 


hits (Treat 

present schedule went 


— Notwithstanding the system and care exercised in the 
subscription department of The Journal many copies mis- 
carry every month, as would naturally be expected in the 
handling of 24,0(10 papers. If subscribers who have not re- 
ceived current numbers by the first of the following month 

This is far better than to bother the agent and much better 
th&n to wait three or four, and, as sometimes happens, six 
months before making complaint and then ask that back 
numbers bo sent. If there is any mistake it can be remedied 
at the end of the first month, and this Is much better than to 
wait longer and find that some of the back numbe-s are out 
of stock. The Jouhnal subscriptions are entered by States, 
the towns arranged alphabeticallv and the names of sub- 
scribers arranged alphabetically "in each town. The card 
index system Is used— a card being devoted to each subscrip- 
tion. Great care is exercised in transferring the names from 
the original Hat to the cards, addressing the wrappers and 
mailing the papers each month. Bnt in spite of ail this sys- 
tem and care papers will be lost through mistakes in the 
mail and occasional errors on the part of Journal clerks 
Out of ft hundred complaints we usually find that ninety-nine 
times the mistake is some place outside The Journal office. 
For the beneQt of those who have not received che paper 
regularly recently we wish tn say that The Journal is more 
anxious than any one to see that the paper is mailed methodi- 
cally, and if complaint is necessary don't write as if it were 
thought that the paper was held back for the sake of the 
savmg It would be to the business management. A full 
number of papers is printed every month and we desire that 
tney reach our subscrf ' " " 

hope to obviate the necessity of complaints that have'^heen 
3 nnder the old system. Probably many of our New 
i\ j^ jjjjj know of the discrimination made by 

_ ^ostal laws against monthly periodicals in 

the city or publication. We are required to pay 2 cents for 

/■y^—^ — . — ' — '/) ^^ 



each paper mailed to New York subscribers, making the 
postage bill for one year amount to 24 cents For papers 
mailed to Brooklyn. Jersey City or the furthest point in 
Alaska the postage rate is 1 cent a pound thus making the 
rate of about a sixth of a cent per copy, or one-twelfth the 
rate charged in New York Citv. At the low subscription 
rate for clubs The Journal has been obliged to have New 
York papers delivered bv private carrier system, and the 
concern which has been doing this work in the past has not 
given eatisfaction. We have now placed the matter in the 
hands of another delivery company which guarantees 
prompt and safe delivery of papers, 

— In justice to the advertiser who announced a school for 
sale over the nom de guerre of ' Rare Opportunity." and in 
lustice toTBE.IouiiNAL as well, we desire to say that but one 
insertion of the advertisement u 

I long 

thing in this line, for sale, h: 
through The JoDRNA 


Any ( 

school furniture, c 

but to make his wants 1 

adveriising columns to obta 

ear. The work is particularly well adapted for initiatory 
■ork, night classes, and forms a splondid short fourbe. ^The 
ublishers have decided to oflfer a copy. 

— The Phonographic Institute Co., Cincinnati, O., Benn 
Pitman and Jerome Howard, managers, are vigorously push- 
ing the Benn Pitman System of shorthand aud the P/khw- 
(jraphic Magazine. The corticate issued by this concern to 
teachers of Benn Pitman Shurtliirad is a guarantee of profl- 

— O. M. Powers, proprietor. Metropolitan B. C, Cbiciigo, 
and publisher of commercial school books aud supplief^ 
dropped into The Journal office recently on his annual 
Eaf^tern pilgrimage. Bv getting up good books at the start 
andeptahli-hing his busine&s on a sol'd foundation. Mr Pow- 
ers with his able assistant, J. A Lyons, has pushed the Pow. 
' ^jublicati 

— No doubt many of ou 
attorneys to act as handw 
of competent experts in 
penmanship are called upon ; 


an and a credit to the profei 

. teachers of 

take important 

nd do not care to serve either 
ivitnestes in court. Sometimes when they 
ses they wish to be reinforced. To all who 

3 to turn over local cases to outside experts or who need 

reinforcement on important cases, we dosire to call attention 
to the card of Ames & Kinsley, of The Jour val, found in 
our advertising columns. 

~ L L. Williams, of the well known school book publifihing 
firm of Williams & Rogers, Rochester, N. Y., paid The Jour- 
nal office a pleasant call recently. He reports business as 
good and the outlook favorable for a better attendance m 
the commercial schools for the coming school year than for a 
few seasons past. Mr. Williams states that the Williams* 
Rogers' publications are selling well and .that their newer 
ones are being adopted rapidly. _. _ 

work entitled "Sixty Lessons in iBusinets," by S. H. Good 

Pat Thought They Were Homeless. 

Our genial friend, Charles M. Miller, of Packard's Busi- 
ness College, New York, tells a good story at the expei380 
of a musical association of Mt. Vernon, N. Y.. Mr. Mil- 
ler's home. 

Mr. Miller and several other members of the associa- 
tion were holding a business meeting recently and it 
developed into a "protracted" meeting. Various 
propositions and motions were discussed, debated, 
argued aud disputed, and no conclusion reached. No 
headway had been made, and the end was not in sight. 
As the town clock chimed out midnight it awoke the 
Hibernian janitor of the building, who poked his head In 
the door and saw no move toward adjournment. With 
a " ten-o'clock aud-not a-head-broke-yet " expression of 
disgust on his face he asked, " Have none of yez 
homes y* This was a moving remark, and r 
adjourn was immediately put and carried. 

notion to 








School and Personal 

L L. Williams, 

, _ . - -. . . . _ _ Jia. N. Y. ; C. K. 

Urner, Colnmbia Coll. of Com.. Washington, D. C. ; M. L. 
Miner and L M. Oelsen, HeffleV'8 School of Com . Brooklyn ; 
J. T. Holdsworth, Asbury Park, 14. J . High School, Com'l 
Dent, ; Thos. J. Stewart, Stewart's B C . Trenton, N. J. ; R. 
A. Kells, New York Bus In«t. ; W. A. Price. Hicksville, O. ; 
E M. Barber. New York ; O. M. Powers, Metropolitan B C . 
Chicago ; M. H. Fox, Brooklyn ; B. F. Kelle